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Recognition of prior learning (RPL) in VET

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					           Recognition of prior learning (RPL)
                                     in VET


                             Information for applicants



                                   November 2009




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                           Page 1 of 19
                                    CONTENTS


1.      About this kit ................................................................. 3
        Before you start ..................................................................... 3
        Using the kit.......................................................................... 3
2.      What is RPL? .................................................................. 4
3.      What you need to know about RPL at RMIT ........................ 5
4.      What are the benefits of RPL? ........................................... 6
5.      Steps in the application process ........................................ 7
6.      Collecting evidence and demonstrating competence ........... 10
        Competence, Training Packages and qualifications .....................10
        Units of competence ..............................................................10
        Evidence ..............................................................................11
7.      RPL fees ...................................................................... 13
8.      Appealing an RPL decision .............................................. 14
9.      Australian qualifications levels 1-6 .................................. 16
10.     Glossary of terms ......................................................... 18




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                                      Page 2 of 19
1. About this kit

Before you start

   Note that there is a glossary at the end of this kit which explains any terms
    you may not understand.

   It is important to note that at RMIT course is used when referring to a
    nationally accredited unit of competence or module. The word program refers
    to a whole qualification or Skill Set. In this kit the words course and program
    are used.

   Find out which RMIT school has the program you are interested in and the
    contact telephone number for that school. Programs at RMIT University are
    grouped within three colleges:
           o Business
           o Design and Social Context
           o Science, Engineering and Health.

Within each college there are a number of schools. For a list of RMIT schools, go
to www.rmit.edu.au/schools

For a list of all TAFE programs at RMIT go to
www.rmit.edu.au/programs/tafe/program-list

   You can call into RMIT’s Info Corner at the corner of Swanston and La Trobe
    streets in Melbourne for assistance and direction to the relevant school.

   If you need language assistance to understand this kit or complete any forms,
    please call the RMIT Study and Learning Centre on tel. +61 3 9925 3600.



Using the kit

The kit contains information about RPL and provides a step-by-step guide to the
RPL process at RMIT.

The kit also provides you with an RPL planning tool titled Yes I can do that! This
tool enables you to do a preliminary self assessment by asking you to reflect on
your existing skills and knowledge in relation to the units of competency (RMIT
courses) in which you wish to be recognised.

Yes I can do that! is available on the RMIT website at
www.rmit.edu.au/students/enrolment/credit/tafe




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                           Page 3 of 19
2. What is RPL?
Recognition of prior learning (RPL) is an assessment process through which
you can gain entry into, or credit in, RMIT TAFE courses1 based on the skills you
have gained through life and work experiences and training other than
nationally accredited training courses and programs.

Prior learning can include skills and knowledge gained through:
   paid work experience - full-time, part-time or casual in Australia or overseas
   voluntary work
   family duties, like raising children or being a carer
   hobbies or leisure activities
   unpaid work that you do for yourself or your family such as farming, cooking,
    gardening, fixing things or managing events
   being coached or mentored (or coaching and mentoring others)
   attending and participating in seminars, conferences and workshops
   short courses that are not TAFE accredited
   having fluency in a language other than English
   private study and research
   any other life experiences that have given you competencies that match those
    in the courses you are applying for.

There is also a process known as recognition of current competency
(RCC) which applies only if an applicant ‘has previously successfully completed
the requirements for a unit of competency or module and is now required to be
reassessed to ensure that the competence is being maintained. In this case no
extra skill or competencies are nationally recognised.’ - NCVER AVETMISS Data
Elements definitions 2006.

RCC may be required for licensing purposes, such as those in the electrical or
plumbing trades. If you have been told by your employer that you need to be
reassessed for licensing purposes then you would apply for RCC.

RCC may also apply for other units of competency, for example occupational
health and safety units and first aid where skill requirements are regularly
updated. In all other cases you should be applying for recognition of prior
learning (RPL). If in doubt, contact the relevant RMIT school for advice.

How are RPL and RCC different from credit transfer?
RPL and RCC are assessment processes that focus on the recognition of your
formal and informal learning. Credit transfer is an administrative process that
formally recognises your competency in courses that you have claimed to be
awarded at another TAFE institute or Registered Training Organisation.


Credit transfer procedures involve validating your Statements of Attainment or
transcripts of results and providing you with credit where there is a match.
Credit transfer is dealt with separately to RPL and RCC and uses a different
application form. Refer to the information page on the RMIT website at
www.rmit.edu.au/students/enrolment/credit/tafe



1
 At RMIT ‘course’ is used when referring to a nationally accredited unit of competence or
module. The word ‘program’ refers to a whole qualification or Skill Set.



RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                                 Page 4 of 19
3. What you need to know about RPL at RMIT
    All prospective and currently enrolled students and clients of RMIT are
     entitled to apply for RPL.

    You are able to apply for RPL at any time – before or at enrolment, or at any
     time during your program.

    You can apply for RPL for one or more courses or for a whole qualification or
     Skill Set.

    If you are not already enrolled in an RMIT TAFE program when you apply for
     RPL, you will be enrolled before you are assessed.

    In applying for RPL, you collect evidence of your competence or arrange to
     demonstrate it. You may need to be interviewed.

    You will be supported through the RPL process by an RMIT assessor.

    If you complete a full qualification through RPL assessment, RMIT will issue
     the qualification once an Application to Graduate form has been submitted.
     Your RPL assessor will assist you with this. RMIT will also provide a document
     listing the courses/units of competency you have successfully completed.
     Refer to the information page on the RMIT website at
     www.rmit.edu.au/graduation

    If you complete some courses/units of competency through RPL assessment
    and decide not to continue with the rest of the qualification at this time, you
    will receive a Statement of Attainment for the courses/units for which you
    have been recognised.

    If you apply for RPL for a Training Package Skill Set, you will receive a
    Statement of Attainment for the Skill Set units of competency for which you
    have been recognised.

    Similarly, if you have applied for RPL for selected units of competency from
    one or more Training Package qualifications, you will receive Statements of
    Attainment for the units of competency for which you have been recognised.

   There is an appeals process if you do not agree with the final assessment
    decision.

For all information about RPL fees, please refer to the RMIT website at
www.rmit.edu.au/programs/fees/tafe/2010




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                           Page 5 of 19
4. What are the benefits of RPL?
A successful application for RPL can mean:
   completing your training in a shorter period of time
   eliminating the need for training in skills and knowledge you already have
   a reduced study load
   reduced costs such as learning resources, travel, child care etc.
   advancing more quickly to higher qualifications
   better documentation of your skills and knowledge that you can use for other
    purposes like job applications or career planning.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                         Page 6 of 19
5. Steps in the application process

Step 1: Get the right             Make sure that you have the information you need about
information                       the program or courses for which you wish to seek
                                  recognition.

                                  In order to make a decision about whether to apply for
                                  RPL you need to know:
                                     the program title
                                     the titles of the courses within the program
                                     the elements or learning outcomes within each of the
                                      courses.

                                  This information is available from the relevant RMIT
                                  school, your assessor (if you have one already) or it may
                                  be with your Information Kit.

                                  You can also download a copy of the entire Training
                                  Package or National Curriculum document at
                                  www.ntis.gov.au. You may need assistance in learning
                                  how to read these documents.


Step 2: Learn about               In order to be assessed for RPL you need to provide
collecting evidence and           evidence that you are competent and/or demonstrate
demonstrating                     competency. Section 7 of this kit explains this.
competence

Step 3: Decide whether            If you wish, you can use the Yes I Can Do That! tool in
you will apply for RPL            this information kit to help you identify which courses you
                                  want recognition for.

                                  Otherwise you can make an appointment to talk to your
                                  program coordinator or an assessor who can help you to
                                  sort out what you can apply for.


Step 4: Contact the               a) If you are already enrolled in an RMIT qualification or
relevant RMIT school              Skill Set you should contact your program coordinator.

                                  b) If you are not currently enrolled in an RMIT
                                  qualification, once you have decided on the courses for
                                  which you will apply for RPL, contact the nominated
                                  person at the relevant school and tell them that you want
                                  to apply for RPL and in what program. They will help you
                                  with the next steps in the process.

                                  You can also call into RMIT’s Info Corner at the corner of
                                  Swanston and La Trobe streets in Melbourne for
                                  assistance.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                             Page 7 of 19
                                  c) If you are applying to enrol in a diploma or advanced
                                  diploma qualification with VET FEE-HELP funding, make
                                  sure you read the information on RPL and FEE-HELP and
                                  signal your intention to apply for RPL when you complete
                                  your enrolment form.


Step 5: Formally apply            The RMIT school will arrange what needs to be done at
for RPL                           this stage. You will need to complete and sign the RMIT
                                  TAFE RPL application form.

                                  If you are not already an enrolled student (that is, you
                                  have approached RMIT expressly to complete an RPL
                                  assessment) you will also complete an enrolment form.

                                  You will meet an assessor. This meeting may take place
                                  on campus at RMIT, at a workplace, online, by telephone,
                                  or in a community setting. It may take place over one or
                                  more meetings and it may be with a group of other RPL
                                  applicants.

                                  Take this kit and your Yes I Can Do That! table with you
                                  (don’t worry if it is incomplete). If you come from a Skills
                                  Store, bring along your letter and competency pre-
                                  assessment.

                                  Your assessor will also:
                                     make sure you understand what RPL is
                                     explain what is required
                                     go through the steps in the process
                                     review your decision about which courses you will seek
                                      recognition for
                                     talk about collecting evidence and demonstrating
                                      competence
                                     help you set up an action plan (see the Action
                                      Planning template in this kit).


Step 6: Collect                   Once you have a plan you can start to collect work
evidence, demonstrate             records, reports, letters and other documents that provide
competence and be                 evidence of your competence and identify ways you can
                                  demonstrate competence (see section 7 below). During
assessed                          this stage you may have contact with your assessor again,
                                  have one or more assessment interviews with them or
                                  they may visit you to observe you demonstrating your
                                  competence.

                                  When you have completed this process and collected and
                                  presented your evidence, your assessor will make a
                                  decision as to wether you are competent or not. You may
                                  be instructed to gather more evidence at this point.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                              Page 8 of 19
Step 7: Complete                  Your assessor will complete the paperwork for your RPL
paperwork and be                  application. The originals of documents that you presented
advised of results                for assessment will be returned to you and you will be
                                  advised of your results by letter.

                                  If you receive RPL for one or more units of competency from
                                  one or more qualifications; or a Training Package Skill Set
                                  you will receive a Statement of Attainment shortly after the
                                  assessment and associated paperwork has been completed.

                                  If you complete a whole program through RPL you will
                                  receive a qualification, and a document listing the courses/
                                  units of competency you have completed. Your RPL Assessor
                                  will assist you to apply for your qualification.

                                  If you are not happy with your assessment result, you may
                                  appeal through the RMIT Appeals process. See
                                  www.rmit.edu.au/governance/policies/lt/assessment


Step 8: Decide on                 When the RPL process is complete there are a number of
your future training              options open for your continuing training:
options                              continue with the qualification and complete the
                                      remaining courses on campus as timetabled
                                     complete the qualification at your workplace or as an
                                      external, distance education student
                                     negotiate to accelerate the completion of the remaining
                                      courses either on campus or externally
                                     talk to your assessor or a school advisor about training
                                      pathways into higher level qualifications, including
                                      Higher Education
                                     enrol in a qualification at the next level
                                     delay completion of the remaining courses until a later
                                      time.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                               Page 9 of 19
6. Collecting evidence and demonstrating
competence

Competence, Training Packages and qualifications

‘Competence’ means ability or skill. In the vocational and education training sector, we
assess competence by matching evidence of skill or ability to industry standards that are
set out in National Training Packages that have been developed for most industries in
Australia.

The Training Packages specify the standards that industry requires of its employees. The
standards are grouped together to form qualifications that sit within a national
framework of qualifications called the Australian Quality Training Framework (AQTF).

Qualifications in VET are at different levels, generally from level 1 (certificate 1) through
to level 6 (advanced diploma). Descriptions of these levels are found at the end of this
kit.

When you are assessed for RPL, as in any other assessment, you collect evidence and/or
demonstrate competence against the standards set out in the Training Package. Note
that in some cases, where there is no Training Package, you will be assessed against
learning outcomes within nationally accredited curriculum.

You can download Training Packages and national curriculum at www.ntis.gov.au

For more information about the AQTF and qualifications go to
www.training.com.au/aqf2007



Units of competence

Standards in Training Packages are grouped into units of competence. Qualifications
consist of groups of units. Sometimes there are core and elective units within a
qualification. 2

Each unit is broken down into elements and each element into performance criteria. For
the purposes of making a judgment about whether you can apply for RPL, focus on the
unit title and the elements. Do not try to gather evidence at the level of performance
criteria. It is your assessor’s job to deal with these.

For example, in the Diploma of Frontline Management (code: BSB51004), there is a unit
titled BSBFLM501B: Manage personal work priorities and professional development.



2
 VET providers, such as RMIT, do not always offer all the electives available within a national
qualification but you can apply for RPL for any elective. It is a good idea to check with your
assessor what the full offering of electives is within the qualification or refer to the Training
Package for yourself on the NTIS website at www.ntis.gov.au




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                                   Page 10 of 19
Within this unit there are three elements:
   establish personal work goals
   set and meet own work priorities
   develop and maintain professional competence.

If you decided you were already competent in being able to manage your personal work
priorities and professional development, you could apply for RPL for this unit and start to
collect evidence that you can establish work goals, set and meet your own work priorities
and develop and maintain your professional competence.

This qualification is a diploma (level 5), so you refer to Section 9 in this kit to find that
out that at this level, you should be able to manage personal work priorities and
professional development using complex and diverse methods and procedures, that
require the exercise of considerable discretion and judgment and using a range of
problem solving and decision making strategies. The evidence you provide to your
assessor should reflect this level of complexity.



Evidence

Evidence consists of products or items that you can provide or processes you can
demonstrate to an assessor so they can judge whether you are competent.

Evidence can be in many forms, for example:
  a demonstration of your skill
  third party reports (e.g. from your supervisor or work colleagues)
  training certificates or training program information
  Examples of work that you have produced such as:
       o drawings
       o plans
       o written documents
       o artwork
       o products
       o samples
       o spreadsheets.
 photographs or video of something you have built, designed, fixed or made
 references or testimonials
 performance appraisals
 job description or statement of duties
 presentation of a work project
 log book, diary or journal entries
 notes or letters of appreciation
 workplace records
 articles or photographs about your achievements
 awards, commendations, certificates of merit
 personal statements written by you about your experience and your skills.
Your assessor will help you decide what type of evidence is needed. They will also help
you to source evidence that meets the relevant standard as set out in the unit of
competence and is:
   sufficient or enough
   current i.e. you still have the skill
   authentic i.e. genuinely yours.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                             Page 11 of 19
You may be required to put the evidence together in a portfolio but this depends on the
nature of the evidence and the skills being assessed. In some cases, workplace
demonstrations will be sufficient evidence.

In the Diploma of Frontline Management example below, for the national unit of
competency BSBFLM501B: Manage personal work priorities and professional
development, an applicant may decide to collect the following types of evidence.

BSBFLM501B: Manage personal work priorities and professional development

Elements                                 Possible forms of evidence
Establish personal work goals             Workplans and reports 2007-9
                                          Diary from 2009 listing personal goals and
Set and meet own work priorities           targets
                                          Performance appraisal reports 2006-9
                                          Action lists from Outlook files

Develop and maintain professional         2009 diary with professional development
competence                                 activities highlighted
                                          Membership cards for professional
                                           associations copied
                                          Professional development plans 2008-9 –
                                           do margin notes of skills and knowledge
                                           attained
                                          Performance appraisal reports 2006-9
                                          Record of conferences & training programs
                                           attended 2006-9 – check my files for copies
                                           of programs

You do not need separate pieces of evidence for each element. The first two elements in
the example above are likely to be covered by similar pieces of evidence, as shown in
the example. So one piece of evidence can be used to cover more than one element and
can also be used in another unit. For example, a personal diary or journal can provide
evidence of your ability to prioritise and your ability to schedule or plan events.

Talk to your assessor if you have any questions about the evidence you are gathering.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                       Page 12 of 19
7. RPL fees

1. Government subsidised places

In 2010 TAFE RPL fees depend on the program level of qualification which have been
categorised as follows:
   Foundation Skills (foundation and pre-accredited programs)
   Skills Creation (certificate I and II)
   Apprenticeships and Traineeships (various)
   Skills Building (certificates III and IV)
   Skills Deepening (diploma and advanced diploma)

The student contribution to the RPL fee is based on the number of courses for which RPL
is sought and can be calculated by using the information on the RMIT website under the
2010 RMIT TAFE Course list and the TAFE fees information at
www.rmit.edu.au/programs/fees/tafe/2010. Your school can help you to calculate
the fees.


2. Non-government subsidised full-fee students

RPL fees are equivalent to the standard tuition fees for the course/s for which RPL is
sought and can be calculated using the information on the RMIT TAFE full-fee website at
www.rmit.edu.au/programs/fees/tafe/fullfee


3. Other applicants

Industry/enterprise clients seeking customised assessment services including RPL should
approach the relevant RMIT school for advice on fees.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                       Page 13 of 19
Appealing an RPL decision

If you are not satisfied with the outcome of an RPL assessment you can appeal against
the assessment result.

There are two stages to the assessment appeals process:
1. review of assessment within the relevant RMIT school
2. appeal against the assessment result to the College 3 Assessment Appeals
   Committee.

You are entitled to seek a review of your assessment result if you believe that:
   an error has occurred in the calculation of a grade
   the assessment did not comply with the criteria published in the course guide or the
    Training Package
   the criteria published in the course guide and against which you were assessed were
    not fundamentally the same as the performance criteria of the corresponding
    Training Package
   there has been an error in the assessment process.

You have 20 working days from the date of the official publication of your
results to have your assessment reviewed within your school and if necessary,
lodge an application for the Stage 2 appeal.

For assistance with appeals against assessment you can consult the RMIT Student Union
at www.su.rmit.edu.au or telephone +61 3 9925 2473.


Stage 1: Review of assessment within the RMIT school

Remember to keep all documents related to this Stage 1 review in case they are needed
at a later stage.

If you believe you have grounds for an appeal, you must first seek a meeting with the
relevant course or program coordinator and put your case to them. If they are not
available, contact the head of school for a meeting.

At this stage:
   an error may be acknowledged and your assessment record will be amended
   you may be offered the opportunity for a re-assessment by another assessor, either
    internal to the school or an external independent assessor
   you may be offered the opportunity for an alternative or supplementary assessment.

If the issue is not resolved to your satisfaction at this stage, you are entitled to make an
appeal to the College Assessment Appeals Committee.




3
 There are three colleges at RMIT – Business; Design and Social Context; and Science,
Engineering and Health. To find out in which college your school is located, go to
www.rmit.edu.au/schools




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                             Page 14 of 19
Stage 2: Appeals against assessment result to the College Appeals Committee

You are entitled to appeal against your assessment result to the College Assessment
Appeals Committee if you believe there are grounds for an appeal and if you have been
through Stage 1 of the appeals process and are still not satisfied.

You must complete an Application for appeal – College Appeals Committee form and
lodge this with the pro vice-chancellor of the college. The form is available from your
school administration office.

The appeal will be heard if the pro vice -chancellor decides that the correct appeals
procedures have been met up until now and will convene the Committee within 20
working days of receiving your application.

The Committee will meet to review your appeal and you will be advised via student email
of the Committee’s decision within 5 working days after the appeal hearing. If your
appeal is upheld you will be re-assessed.

TAFE students have the right to seek a further review by the Victorian Registration and
Qualifications Authority or Skills Victoria if they believe that the assessment did not met
the requirements of the relevant training package or accredited course.

Students may appeal the College Assessment Appeals Committee’s decision if they
believe there has been a breach of a University regulation, policy or procedure in
handling the appeal. This further appeal must be lodged to the University Appeals
Committee within 10 working days of the date the College Assessment Appeals
Committee’s outcome was sent.

For a copy of the RMIT Assessment Appeals policy and procedures go to
www.rmit.edu.au/governance/policies/lt/assessment




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                          Page 15 of 19
8. Australian qualifications levels 1-6


Certificate I
   Demonstrate knowledge by recall in a narrow range of areas.
   Demonstrate basic practical skills such as the use of relevant tools.
   Perform a sequence of routine tasks, given clear directions.
   Receive and pass on messages/information.

Certificate II
   Demonstrate basic operational knowledge in a moderate range of areas.
   Apply a defined range of skills.
   Apply known solutions to a limited range of predictable problems.
   Perform a range of tasks where choice between a limited range of options is required.
   Assess and record information from varied sources.
   Take limited responsibility for own outputs in work and learning.

Certificate III
   Demonstrate some relevant theoretical knowledge.
   Apply a range of well developed skills.
   Apply known solutions to a variety of predictable problems.
   Perform processes that require a range of well developed skills where some
    discretion and judgement is required.
   Interpret available information using discretion and judgement.
   Take responsibility for own outputs in work and learning.
   Take limited responsibility for the output of others.

Certificate IV
   Demonstrate understanding of a broad-range knowledge base, incorporating some
    theoretical concepts.
   Apply solutions to a defined range of unpredictable problems.
   Identify and apply skill and knowledge areas to a wide variety of contexts, with depth
    in some areas.
   Identify, analyse and evaluate information from a variety of sources.
   Take responsibility for own outputs in relation to specific quality standards.
   Take limited responsibility for the quantity and quality of the output of others.

Diploma (Level 5)
   Demonstrate understanding of a broad knowledge base incorporating theoretical
    concepts, with substantial depth in some areas.
   Analyse and plan approaches to technical problems or management requirements.
   Transfer and apply theoretical concepts and/or technical or creative skills to a range
    of situations.
   Evaluate information and use that information to forecast for planning or research
    purposes.
   Take responsibility for own outputs in relation to broad quantity and quality
    parameters.
   Take some responsibility for the achievement of group outcomes.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                             Page 16 of 19
Advanced Diploma (Level 6)
   Demonstrate understanding of specialised knowledge with depth in some areas.
   Analyse, diagnose, design and execute judgements across a broad range of technical
    or management functions.
   Generate ideas through the analysis of information and concepts at an abstract level.
   Demonstrate a command of wide-ranging, highly specialised technical, creative or
    conceptual skills.
   Demonstrate accountability for personal outputs within broad parameters.
   Demonstrate accountability for group outcomes within broad parameters.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                        Page 17 of 19
9. Glossary of terms
Accreditation
Accreditation is the process used by Australian state/territory governments to ensure
that qualifications developed by Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) meet
designated quality standards. State accredited qualifications are listed on the National
Training Information System at www.ntis.gov.au

Articulation
Arrangements that allow for learners to progress smoothly from one qualification to
another within vocational education and training qualifications and between vocational
education and training programs and higher education.

Assessment
The process of collecting evidence and making judgments on whether competency has
been achieved at a standard that is stated in National Training Packages or nationally
accredited curriculum. Assessment should be fair, flexible, valid, reliable and sufficient.

Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)
The framework that defines all Australian qualifications nationally in post-compulsory
education and training.

Competence
Competence means ‘ability’ or ’skill’. In the vocational and education training sector,
competency refers to the ability to perform skills to a standard expected in the
workplace.

Course
At RMIT, course is used to refer to a nationally recognised ‘unit of competency’ or
‘module’.

Credit transfer
Credit transfer is an administrative process that formally recognises your competency
in courses that you have claimed to be awarded at another TAFE institute or Registered
Training Organisation.

Evidence
Evidence consists of products or items that you can provide or processes you can
demonstrate to an assessor so they can judge whether you are competent.

Endorsed/endorsement
Endorsement is the term used in the national vocational education and training system
to signify that Training Package units of competency (RMIT courses) and qualifications
and Skill Sets (RMIT programs) have been officially accredited and therefore meet
quality standards. All nationally endorsed units/qualifications/Skill Sets are recognised in
all Australian states and territories

Learning
 Formal learning refers to learning that takes place through a structured program
   that is linked to the attainment of a formal qualification or award such as a
   certificate, diploma or university degree.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                           Page 18 of 19
   Non-formal learning refers to learning that takes place through a structured
    program, but does not lead to the attainment of a formal qualification or award, such
    as in-house training run by a business.
   Informal learning refers to learning that comes from life and work experiences
    such as work-related, social, hobby or leisure activities.

Module
Nationally accredited curriculum is divided into groups of skills and knowledge called
modules. Within each module there are statements that describe the learning outcomes
for the module and the criteria against which you are assessed.

Recognition of prior learning (RPL)
An assessment process through which you can gain entry into, or credit in, RMIT TAFE
courses 4 based on the skills you have gained through life and work experiences and
training other than TAFE accredited training.

Recognition of current competency (RCC)
An assessment process that is applied if you need to have your skills re-assessed to
ensure you have maintained competency in an accredited course.

Registered Training Organisation (RTO)
Training providers which are registered by state/territory governments to provide and
assess nationally recognised qualifications and Skill Sets. Apart from TAFE institutes, a
wide range of organisations may be registered including secondary schools, companies,
industry associations and community organisations.

Skill Sets are single units of competence or groupings of units that link to a licence or
regulatory requirement or a defined industry need.

Statement of Attainment
Formal certification provided by a Registered Training Organisation, such as RMIT, that
lists the units or modules that a person has achieved as part of a national qualification or
Skill Set.

Training Packages
A document containing a set of nationally endorsed standards, assessment guidelines
and national qualifications for a specific industry, industry sector or enterprise. For
examples, go to www.ntis.gov.au

Unit of competence
Training Packages are grouped into units of competence which describe in detail the
skills and knowledge associated with that competence. Each unit has a general title that
briefly states the competency (e.g. Manage personal work priorities and professional
development). The skills that make up the competency (called elements) are listed and
for each of these the standard at which you would be expected to perform this skill is
described (performance criteria). Units of competency also list the possible range of
circumstances in which you would perform the competency and the essential skills and
knowledge that underpin the competency. Assessment requirements are also described.
To see an example of a unit of competency with Training Packages go to
www.ntis.gov.au


4
  At RMIT ‘course’ is used when referring to a nationally accredited ’unit of competence’ or
’module’. The word ’program’ refers to a whole qualification or Skill Set.




RMIT RPL applicant kit 2010.doc                                                 Page 19 of 19

				
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Description: Recognition of prior learning (RPL) in VET