Title: Enchanting Treasures In Wood Works Word Count: 1243 Summary: Woodcraft has played its part in ma king the Indian handicraft fortune wealthier and inspite of many envir onment prevention issues the prospe ct of the hand crafted furniture se ctor in India seems positive. The wood history Woodcarving is an art and India has been a traditiona l producer of woodcarvings furnitur e for ages. Production of woodcarvi ng is developed on a commercial sca le, which is carried out by many In dian artisans from generation to ge neration. India has abundan... Keywords: Handicraft, Art & craft Article Body: Woodcraft has played its part in ma king the Indian handicraft fortune wealthier and inspite of many envir onment prevention issues the prospe ct of the hand crafted furniture se ctor in India seems positive. The wood history Woodcarving is an art and India has been a traditiona l producer of woodcarvings furnitur e for ages. Production of woodcarvi ng is developed on a commercial sca le, which is carried out by many In dian artisans from generation to ge neration. India has abundant collec tion of woodcarved furniture, out o f which some has been explored and a lot remains to be discovered. It has a rich old heritage to crown it 's head which is believed to be the oldest heritage of the world. This has been adored and preserved by t he Indians since time immemorial. T he exquisite furniture range comes in various styles with varying desi gns, finishes, colors, shapes etc. The designs and the carvings may be etched on the back or front, which gives a remarkable and pleasing ap pearance. The use of high quality w ood enhances the overall functional value and visual appeal of furnitu re. In the beginning, shisham was t he only wood used by handicraftsmen . Thereafter some ingenious craftsm en experimented with teakwood from Nepal and Assam, ebonite from Assam and rosewood from the South. Strug gle for survival forced the wood ca rving industry to pass through many critical phases. Changing scenario of industry turned the craftsmen t o many other varieties of woods. Be sides traditional shisham, wood cra ftsmen have now been using many oth er varieties of wood depending upon the suitability of texture, colour , grains of wood for particular job . For deep under-cutting and sculpt ural effect teak, rosewood and waln ut are preferred. For low relief, s hisham and deodar is used and for i ncised design ebony are considered. Rohira, sal, babul, etc are coarse grained and hard wood used for bol d work. Haldu and dudhi are used fo r special polychromatic effects. Ot her most common species of wood bei ng used by the craftsmen these days are mango wood, tun wood, neem woo d, sal wood, jamun wood, rohira etc. The opulent Indian Wooden Furniture Treasure Chest Woodcarving industry is spreaded in majority parts of the country with some of it's main parts including Rajasthan, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh , Madhya Pradesh and more. Woodcraf t of Saharanpur is famous all over the world for its elegance and beau ty. Saharanpur is known for vine-le af patterns on Sheesham wood. Flora l, geometric and figurative carving is also done here with wood inlay work. Woodworks industry in the Nor th Eastern region is scattered and the production is confined to a few items only in a few states. Gujara t has a rich culture for such carvi ng and in addition to small chairs and tables, the swing, without whic h no traditional home is complete, is made. Wood inlay, which develope d and flourished during the Mughal rule, is done with bits of ivory, p lastic, horn, metal pieces or other types of wood into carved surfaces of wooden items. This kind is foun d in various parts of the country s uch as Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pr adesh and Delhi. Designs of Uttar P radesh such as the fretwork, jali o r the anguri work are also very pop ular. The wood carvers of Madhya Pr adesh, with great sensitivity and s kill transform different varieties of wood such as shish, teak, dhudi, sal and kikar into works of art. M adhya Pradesh is famous for painted and lacquered wood product such as toys, boxes, bedposts, cradles pos ts, flower vases etc. Kashmir is th e only state in India, where Walnut trees and Fine Deodar wood are fou nd. The craftsmen here create intri cate carvings on wood obtained from the walnut tree which is used to m ake furniture items like tables, ch airs, stools, partitions, trays, bo ok stands, wall decorations, fruit bowls etc that have rich floral and trellis patterns carved on them. R ajasthan has its own unique wood tr adition, Barmer is well known for c arved furniture. Some furniture pie ces in Barmer like tables, low stoo ls etc has miniature paintings on t hem. Carved wood items such as cabi nets, screens, chairs, tables, almi rahs, racks etc are also highly dec orated over here. Also each region of Woo beds and manjis and boxes. Gwalior , Sheopur-Kalan, Rewa and Budhni ar e main centers of wood lacquering. Uttar Pradesh has many craft center s engaged in making different items out of wood. Mainpuri is famous fo r woodwork on ebony or black sheesh am inlaid with brass wire. Banaras is known for lacquered toys and min iature utensils for children to pla y with. India is the second largest supplie r of bamboo and West Bengal is know n for its creativity and artisans o f the State specialized in creating everyday and fancy articles from b amboo and cane. Cane and Bamboo occ upy a distinctive place in the life of Tripura too. Furniture made of cane, Baskets knitted out of cane a nd bamboo strips are some of the we ll-known craft produce from the Tri pura, which are always on demand. K arnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu too , have their distinct wood carving traditions. Karnataka is famous for carvings and decorative pieces mad e from sandalwood. Sandalwood items like, boxes, trays, key chains, sm all figurines are not only carved t astefully but they also give out su btle smell of sandal. West Bengal a nd Kerala are known for items made from the wood obtained from coconut tree. Great prospects for Indian w ooden furniture in the foreign mark ets The Indian furniture industry i s a non- organised sector with the production of Handicraft accounting to around 85%. The furniture indus try is estimated to provide employm ent to around 300,000 workers in In dia. As a rural and cottage industr y, it provides employment to lakhs of people from the weaker sections of society. The skill of the wood w orkers of India is not only restric ted to domestic use but has gain im mense popularity in the foreign exp ort markets. The industry has exten ded to the fashioning of panels, ca binets, doors, windows, temples and furniture. The taste of the people are moving more towards the antiqu e kind of furniture and a variety o f experiments are been carried out with designs by the Indian artisans to cleverly blend the traditional and modern woodcraft items suiting today's decor. Exquisite designs, a ttractive colours, unmatched workma nship and subtle elegance are the d istinguishing features, which have put Indian hand crafted furniture on worl Steadily climbing the popularity ch art the market potential for furnit ure has reached approximately to US " 240,007.40 million in 2005. This sector has more potential for earni ng substantial foreign exchange. Lo w capital investments, higher value addition and highly labour intensi ve are highlights that make the sec tor significant for the country's e conomy. These items found good mark et in Central European countries, U nited States of America, England, R ussia and UAE. Japan, Sri Lanka and Myanmar has also emerged as new co nsumers for the country. Central and State governments have been paying extraordinary attention to ensure high growth rate and dev elopment of this industry. They are also proving funds to many small b usinesses to help them flourish in the market. Also the Indian governm ent is continuously taking steps to minimize entry-exit barriers for f oreign companies. Liberal policies for foreign equity participation an d foreign direct investments have g iven a further boost to the sector. Woodcraft has played its part in m aking the Indian handicraft fortune wealthier and inspite of many envi ronment prevention issues the prosp ect of the hand crafted furniture s ector in India seems positive. Indi a presents a favourable outlook to sell this kind of furniture and one expects this sector to grow furthe r in the coming years.
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