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Baby Boom - PowerPoint


									    Child Saving & Child Study
• Influence of experts
   – G. Stanley Hall (1904)
      • “Children are not like adults, but unique creatures”
      • Development of adolescence – “Storm & Stress”
   – Sigmund Freud (1900-1910)
   – J. B. Watson (1920)
• Legacy of Child Saving Era/ Child Study
         Baby Boom

The Baby Boom, Prosperity, and the
   Changing Worlds of Children
         (1945 – 1963)
    Defining and explaining the
• Population increase
• Intangibles: most affluent, most favored,
  healthiest, best-fed, best-clothed, best-
• Effect of “boomers”
• Why? Post-war demand, marriage, birth
  control, prosperity, & . . . glorification of
  Child Development Theorists:
         Baby Boom Era
• Bowlby (1940s, 1958, 1969) – Attachment Theory
  – “enduring, emotional bond between caregiver and
  – Emotionally responsive parents have infants who have
    a secure attachment
  – Infants who have a secure attachment are more likely to
    explore the world (leads to future competence)
  – In stressful situations, the responsive parent provides
    protection, comfort, and reassurance (and tells the child
    they can expect a protective world)
  Child Development Theorists:
         Baby Boom Era
• Rene Spitz (mid-1940s)
  – Institutionalized infants and children in Europe
  – Scheduled NOT responsive care
  – Delayed development, failure to thrive, apathy
• Dr. Spock
  – Baby and Child Care (1st edition, 1946)
  – Advised permissiveness, not following strict
    schedule, with loving guidance
 Excerpts from Dr. Spock: Baby
        and Child Care
• You know more than you think you do
• Don’t be afraid of your baby
• Enjoy children as they are – that’s how
  they’ll grow up best
• Babies aren’t frail: “I’m afraid I’ll hurt if I
  don’t handle her right”
• Parenting takes time and effort
       Child-centered family
• Suburbs
  – Homogeneous
  – EX: Leavitttown
  – PTA, Scouts, Little League – more support
• Economy of abundance
  – EX: automated washing machines
  – Changed employment trends
  Schools, the Cold War, and the
      Great Talent Search
• Practical changes in schools
• Hopes to identify most talented (intelligent) to
  compete with Russia
   – “Sputnick” – 1957
   – National Defense Education Act
   – Testing movement (including SAT)
• Racial desegregation (1954): Brown vs Topeka
  Board of Education** (Why was it nat’l priority?)
              Other influences
• Mass media
  – EX: 1952, 46% of households had a t.v.
  – EX: Creation of children’s market (Barbie dolls – 1959)
  – EX: Music industry = Rock n’ Roll
• Peers
  – From Little League to Gangs (juvenile del. inc.)
  – Alienation (e.g., J. D. Salinger, Jack Kerouac) to
    Alienating society (crisis of ’60s)
    Myth?: Alternative view by
        Stephanie Coontz
• 1/3 American children poor
• 1/3 of families needed 2nd income
• Media was ethnocentric: reality was much
  more diverse
• “Glorified Mothers” – failure captured in
  the “Feminine Mystique” by Betty Friedan
• Child-centered values: Irrelevant to children
  of poor
         Baby Bust

The Age of Narcissism: 1963-1982
   Your views of contemporary
• What is the best part about growing up in
  American today?
• What is the biggest problem children/parents face?
• In contemporary American society, does nature or
  nurture rule the philosophical war?
• Do we see children as innocent or corrupted by
• Do we value dependence or independence in

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