4-03 Va Lib by pengtt


Barbie Selby

Government Information
Alderman Library
P.O. Box 400154
Charlottesville, VA 22903-4154
(434) 924-4963
                                                        October/November/December, 2003, Vol. 49, No. 4

Editorial Board
Fran Freimarck
Pamunkey Regional Library
P.O. Box 119                                              Barbie Selby         2   Openers
Hanover, VA 23069
(804) 537-6212                                               Morel Fry         3   President’s Column
                                                   Sara B. Bearss, Ed.       15    Virginia Reviews
John T. Kneebone
5107 Caledonia Road
Richmond, VA 23225
jkneebone@earthlink.net                                                             FEATURES
Ed Lener                                        Andrew Sanderbeck              5   Managing Team Excellence
College Librarian for the Sciences                                                 in Times of Change
Virginia Tech, University Libraries
                                                   Candice Michalik            7   One Book, One City,
P.O. Box 90001
                                                                                   One Great Experience!
Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Phone (540) 231-9249                       Andrew Morton, Linda              10    Active Recruitment Within
Fax (540) 231-9263                       Fairtile, Rachel Frick, Lisa              Academic Libraries
lener@vt.edu                              Scott, and Keith Weimer

Lydia C. Williams                          Robert E. Wagenknecht             13    Remembering Mary Ann Harmon
Longwood University Library
Farmville, VA 23909
(804) 395-2432
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PAGE 2                                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                          OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003


                                   Openers (& Closers)
                                               by Barbie Selby

W                hen I began this
                 “Openers” Boston
                 and Chicago still
had a chance to make it to the
World Series. How things change….
                                        staffs, and librarians who are doing
                                        interesting things and are will-
                                        ing to share their experiences and
                                        expertise with others. I would like
                                        to thank all our contributors and to
                                                                                science as a career choice. We all
                                                                                know that librarianship is a reward-
                                                                                ing career. Programs like the one
                                                                                described can help us do a better
                                                                                job of conveying this to students at
A friend said if the Cubs and the       encourage others to consider publi-     our respective colleges and in our
Red Sox did make it to the World        cation in Virginia Libraries.           towns.
Series we wouldn’t be around to see        This month’s line up includes           As always Sara Bearss and the
it because an asteroid would have       a remembrance of Mary Ann               staff at the Library of Virginia
pulverized us long since.               Harmon, President of the Friends        have provided us with reviews of
   I feel a bit as if I’ve been pinch   of the Chesterfield County Public       a number of wonderful books on
hitting for my two and a half years     Library and past Chairman of the        Virginia’s history and people. We’d
as co-editor of Virginia Librar-        Board of the Library of Virginia,       like to take this opportunity to
ies. I’m very happy to announce         by Robert E. Wagenknecht. Ms.           thank Sara, Brent, Emily, Barbara,
that Cy Dillon will return as co-       Harmon was a tireless advocate for      Laura, Trenton, as well as Jon and
editor together with Lyn Gardner        Chesterfield Library and for Vir-       Julie for making “Virginia Reviews”
of Hampden Public Library. Cy           ginia libraries in general.             possible.
very ably edited Virginia Librar-          Andrew Sanderbeck’s “Manag-             Now, I’d like to once again thank
ies from 1996 to 2000 when he           ing Team Excellence in Times of         everyone who has made Earlene’s
stepped down to become VLA              Change” is certainly relevant to        and my editorship so enjoyable.
Vice-President/President-Elect. Lyn     any library manager. We hope his        VLA Presidents Cy Dillon, Iza
is a writer with editing experience.    tips help you and your staff in these   Cieszynski, and Morel Fry have
I think Earlene Viano convinced         challenging times (just when aren’t     been supportive, and gotten their
her that editing VL is a lot of fun.    times challenging?).                    column done when we asked! Jon
It is, plus a lot of work. Earlene         Candice Michalik’s story of          Marken of Lamp-Post Publicity does
and I found that co-editing worked      Lynchburg Reads campaigns should        a wonderful, professional job for
extremely well for us. I believe that   also inspire other library systems to   VLA in its many publications. We’ve
Cy and Lyn will discover the same.      adopt this popular program. Her         enjoyed working with Linda Hahne,
   So, to further continue the          upbeat account of the 2003 adop-        who is thoroughly professional and
baseball theme, this is my Closer.      tion of James McBride’s The Color of    professionally thorough in every-
(I guess a closer is really a person,   Water should challenge other librar-    thing she does for VLA. We’d like to
not a thing, but I’m taking liber-      ies and communities to try a “_____     thank our Editorial Board. We may
ties here (also with the parentheses    Reads” campaign.                        not have called upon you as often
Cy!).) Both Earlene and I have very        “Active Recruitment Within           as we could have, but your advice
much enjoyed working on Virginia        Academic Libraries” by Andrew           and article ideas helped us more
Libraries. VLA has been fortunate to    Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel          than you know. Finally, we’d like to
have had many good editors — Cy,        Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer     thank the many VLA members and
Dan and Lucretia Ream, Andrea           should encourage those of us who        others who have supplied us with
Kross, Iza Cieszynski, Alan Zoell-      may be “of a certain age” and           articles and ideas for articles. This
ner, Dean Burgess, and many more.       wondering where our profession          is your publication, and we hope
Both Earlene and I are very happy       is heading. These younger librar-       you’re proud of it. Now, on to Cy
to include our names among these        ians are working at the University      and Lyn! VL
fine previous editors. VLA is also      of Richmond to interest students
fortunate to have libraries, library    in librarianship and information
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                         PAGE 3

                                        PRESIDENT’S COLUMN

                                        Year in Review
                                                 by Morel Fry

D            uring the past year, the
             Virginia Library Associ-
             ation and its members
have been very busy and involved
in a variety of activities and proj-
                                        Library Services and Technology
                                        Act. We continue to lobby for fund-
                                        ing of the Act. The Virginia Library
                                        Association Executive Council
                                        voted to endorse ALA’s original
ects. To cover everything would         and revised statements on the USA
take some time, but I thought I         Patriot Act and on the importance
would focus on three particular         of passing the Freedom to Read
areas — legislative, development and    Protection Act, the Library and
continuing education programs.          Bookseller Protection Act, and the
                                        Library, Bookseller and Personal
                                        Data Privacy Act.
Legislative Activities
                                           On May 13, 2003, over 60 library
The legislative arena was chal-
lenging on both the state and
federal levels. In the state, budget                                            formed to address the issues and
cuts forced each type of library
                                            The VLA Foundation                  recommend strategies. One strat-
to reduce or reallocate funds for           will be a wonderful                 egy proposed was the formation
staffing, programs, and book col-                                               of a Virginia Library Association
lections. Our Association’s biggest     development opportunity.                Foundation and, after review, the
efforts were directed to making sure                                            VLA Executive Council voted to
cuts to libraries were in proportion                                            endorse the establishment of such
to other agencies and in this it was    supporters attended the National        a foundation. The VLA Foundation
successful. Thanks to the efforts of    Library Legislative Day luncheon        will be a wonderful development
our Legislative Committee, our leg-     in Washington, D.C. The luncheon        opportunity for the Association
islative liaison and the strong grass   and individual meetings before and      and will give us an outlet for con-
roots support of our members, the       after the luncheon offered another      tinued funding for the future.
governor and the General Assembly       tremendous opportunity to educate
did not seek further reductions to      legislators and their staff members
                                                                                Continuing Education
state aid or other library programs     on library values and to forge those
in the budget proposal.                 important connections for contin-
   We did have a successful Virginia    ued library support.                    Another Association goal is to
Legislative Day on January 16, 2003                                             provide continuing training and
with over 70 librarians, trustees                                               education opportunities to its
                                        Development Activities
and friends going to Richmond to                                                members. Again this year, VLA of-
meet with their legislators. Those      A continuing issue for VLA has          fered an amazing quantity and va-
personal relationships, forged dur-     been the establishment of sustained     riety of programs. Units sponsored
ing these face-to-face opportunities    funding for programs such as the        programs on government publica-
for legislators and library support-    legislative liaison and scholarships.   tions, paraprofessional develop-
ers, continue to create support         Both these programs have relied         ment, library outreach, education
for libraries within the legislative    on the generosity of members and        programs on the USA Patriot Act,
agenda.                                 corporate sponsors to provide           serials collections, and program
   On the federal level, VLA sup-       funding each year. This year an Ad      planning — just to name some of
ported the reauthorization of the       Hoc Development Committee was           the sessions.
PAGE 4                                                  VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                 OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

   On May 19th and 20th of this
year, the VLA Paraprofessional                             SALUTE TO ADVENTURERS
Forum held its 11th conference,
“Navigating the Challenges of the
21st Century,” and attracted 341
people. They listened to an array of
accomplished speakers and enjoyed
a number of fun social events.
   I want to thank the Executive
Committee, the Executive Council,
and the members of the Associa-
tion for their hard work and sup-
port this year. I feel very lucky to
be part of such a strong and vital
organization. VL
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                                                Adventurers offers the reader a rare and fascinating glimpse of the early
                                                American colonists’ life.
                                                Nautical & Aviation offers this first American edition as a tribute to the
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                                                                 366 pages / 6x9 trade paperback / $19.95 /
                                                                    October 2003 / ISBN 1-877853-68-2
                                                         The Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, Inc.
                                                                  2055 Middleburg Lane, Mt. Pleasant, SC 29464
                                                       tel (843) 856-0561 fax (843) 856-3164 / www.nauticalaviation.com

                           Guidelines for Submissions to Virginia Libraries
    1. Virginia Libraries seeks to publish articles and reviews of interest to the library community in Virginia. Articles
       reporting research, library programs and events, and opinion pieces are all considered for publication. Queries
       are encouraged. Brief announcements and press releases should be directed to the VLA Newsletter.

    2. While e-mail submissions are preferred (in the body of the message, or as text (.txt) attachments), manuscripts
       may be submitted as text files on 3.5-inch computer disks. VLA holds the copyright on all articles published in
       Virginia Libraries. Unpublished articles will be returned within one year.

    3. Illustrations, particularly monochrome images and drawings, are encouraged and should be submitted when-
       ever appropriate to accompany a manuscript. Illustrations will be returned if requested in advance.

    4. The names, titles, affiliations, addresses, and e-mail addresses of all authors should be included with each sub-
       mission. Including this information constitutes agreement by the author(s) to have this information appear
       with the article and to be contacted by readers of Virginia Libraries.

    5. Bibliographic notes should appear at the end of the manuscript and should conform to the latest edition of the
       Chicago Manual of Style.

    6. Articles should be 750-3000 words.

    7. Submit e-mail manuscripts to bselby@virginia.edu.

    8. Virginia Libraries is published quarterly: Jan/Feb/Mar (no. 1); Apr/May/June (no. 2); July/Aug/Sept (no. 3); and
       Oct/Nov/Dec (no. 4). Contact the editor for submission timelines. VL
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                    PAGE 5

               Managing Team Excellence
                 in Times of Change
                                          by Andrew Sanderbeck

past hour?
                 hat are the latest
                 changes taking place
                 in your library this
month, this week, today, or in the
                                                                      work habits, increased tardiness
                                                                      and absences, a greater focus on
                                                                      being right instead of doing what is
                                                                      best for the team, and an increased
                                                                      resistance to change.
    Budget Cuts? Patriot Act Issues?                                        Because team members feel like
Personnel Changes and/or Short-                                          they are losing control of their
ages? More Technological Break-                                                 work lives, interpersonal
throughs? Staff Members Acting                                                   relationships among em-
Out?                                                                               ployees and with their
    Need I list more?                                                               patrons can become
    As I was told on the first day of                                               visibly strained and
my new job as a sales and service                                                   stretched.
representative for Continental Air-                                                   I used to hang a sign
lines: “The only constant around                                                  in my office to help me
here is change. If you can’t embrace                                              to remember where ru-
change, you won’t last very long.”                                                mors come from:
    I actually lasted about five years.
                                                                                    Partial Information
    Historically, change in the
                                                                                     + My Assumption
workplace is a disruptor of team ef-
                                                                                    = False Information
ficiency and productivity, especially
when the changes have to do with
                                                                          Are you tired of dealing with
money or people. It’s really no one’s
                                                                      the symptoms of the rumor
fault, though. You see, fear of the
                                                                      mill? Are your team’s measurable
unknown affects almost everyone,
and change can bring out insecurity
issues within your team members.
    Your challenges as someone who                                    Andrew Sanderbeck
manages teams include: what to do                                     is an expert who
to calm the fears of your people                                      speaks and works
and how to stop them from mak-                                        with libraries expe-
ing assumptions about what will                                       riencing team and
happen next.                                                          team development
    Did you ever notice how the                                       challenges. He is
number of rumors concerning               Listen for the heartbeat    also the publisher
workplace issues dramatically in-                                     of the Library~Connect Newsletter, a
creases when team members fear              of the team — that        free, monthly, subscriber-only e-letter
“the unknown?” My guess is that                                       for library management. Comments
you are noticing them. Once the             synergetic energy         regarding this article are appreciated.
rumors have begun, fear based be-           that is the rhythm        Phone Andrew at 727-526-4620,
haviors from your team members                                        or send comments and subscribe
will follow. These behaviors can              of their success.       to his e-letter by email at Andrew@
show up as missed deadlines, lazy                                     andrewsanderbeck.com.
PAGE 6                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                          OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

productivity outcomes dropping          know.” If their answer is, “I hadn’t   more than you? Ask questions with
fast while your frustration level is    noticed,” then take a look in the      measurable data, which prompt an-
starting to peak? Here are a few sug-   mirror at a possible source of the     swers that are possible solutions to
gestions from Three-Step Team Tune-     problem. Part of your responsibil-     the situation.
Up Process™, a team development         ity is to make sure that everyone
                                                                               Better Question: “John, I’ve no-
strategy I developed:                   knows how the library is function-
                                                                               ticed that our pages are three days
                                        ing. Discourage any blaming and
                                                                               behind in re-shelving our books.
1) Stop, Look and most important-       focus your questions on measur-
                                                                               What do you suggest we do differ-
ly … Listen. Listen to what your        able results, not mysterious circum-
                                                                               ently to solve the problem?”
team members are saying and not
                                                                                  John: “I think we fell behind
saying. Give this your full atten-
                                                                               when Judy was out sick last week. I
tion. Listen for the heartbeat of the
                                         Discourage any blaming                suggest we get a few people to work
team — that synergetic energy that
                                                                               two extra hours each day until
is the rhythm of their success. Lis-
ten also for … their fears. What are
                                        and focus your questions               we’re caught up.”
they afraid of? Hint: What do they       on measurable results….               Managing team excellence in times
feel like they can’t control in their                                          of change requires you to diagnose
work life? Start there … and you’ll                                            problems, dispel false rumors,
find their fears.                                                              monitor morale and productivity,
                                        stances. Whenever possible, ask
                                                                               and most importantly communi-
2) Ask yourself, “What has changed      open-ended questions that prompt
                                                                               cate what is going on in their work
internally with the way the team        an answer that is more than a one-
                                                                               world.     Information   empowers
functions?” Is there a new team         to-five word response. Here are a
                                                                               teams. A lack of information causes
member in place? Are there new          few sample questions:
procedures and policies that have
                                        No Results Question: “John, I don’t       Finally this golden nugget from
been put into effect? Have the
                                        know why the pages aren’t getting      my experiences: If you don’t tell
words “budget cut” been circulat-
                                        the books shelved in a timely man-     them what’s going on … someone
ing through the building?
                                        ner. It’s a mystery to me … what       else will.
3) Meet one on one with team            about you?”                               Well, actually … someone will
members. Ask them why they                John: “Gee, I don’t know either!”    tell them what they heard plus
think productivity is dropping, and       John is going to believe it is       their interpretation of what it
listen to what they believe to be       a mystery if you do. You’re the        means. Then you’ll really have
the truth. Do not accept, “I don’t      boss … so how should he know           your work to do! VL
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                            PAGE 7

                          One Book, One City,
                         One Great Experience!
                                           by Candice Michalik

I      n early 2002, energized by
       an idea and a few dedicated
       people, the Lynchburg Public
Library launched the first “Lynch-
burg Reads” citywide reading pro-
                                                                               ford the $10,000 fee, but with a few
                                                                               partners it just might be possible.
                                                                               We decided to apply for grants and
                                                                               to seek other creative ways of fund-
                                                                               ing his appearance. I had never
gram. On the whole we considered                                               applied for a grant, so I decided to
the program, featuring John Stein-                                             look on this task as a learning ex-
beck’s Of Mice and Men, a success.                                             perience. With help from The “How
The book was chosen because 2002                                               To” Grants Manual by David G. Bau-
was Steinbeck’s centenary, and we                                              er and from my director, we applied
learned a local high school would                                               for four grants. Then Randolph-
be presenting the play. We in-                                                   Macon Woman’s College stepped
cluded book discussions, movie                                                    in and offered to partner with
screenings and discussions, and                                                    us. James McBride would ap-
a lecture and slide show by Stein-                                                 pear as part of the “Lynchburg
beck scholar Susan Shillinglaw.                                                    Reads” events and also as part
The library’s copies of the books                                                  of the college’s Black History
checked out about 300 times;                                                        Celebration. The college would
local bookstores sold over 400                                                       help publicize the event, as
copies. Over 500 people partic-                                                      well as offer a venue for the
ipated in the activities, includ-                                                    free public performance and
ing the 375 people who saw a                                                        help with funding.
local high school’s production.                                                         Waiting to hear if our grant
   This year, building on that suc-                                            applications would be funded
cess, we grew more ambitious. A              A superbly written                seemed to take forever, but in De-
committee that included librarians,                                            cember 2002 we received a $2,500
teachers, a former school-board             story of love, hope,               grant from the Greater Lynchburg
member, a bookstore owner, and                                                 Community Trust. Then the un-
members of the Friends of the Li-            and inspiration….                 expected happened: We received
brary met in August 2002 to choose                                             an unsolicited $1,000 grant from
the book for “Lynchburg Reads                                                  Frito Lay. The daughter of one of
2003.” We all agreed a contempo-        bestseller list and was an American    the Friends of the Library board
rary book would be best, and James      Library Association Notable Book       members had applied for the grant
McBride’s The Color of Water quick-     of the Year for 1996. Since many       for us and didn’t tell us about it
ly became the front-runner. Among       on the committee had already read      until the grant was awarded. What
the arguments for the book was the      the book, it didn’t take long for us   a wonderful thing to do! We re-
fact that it appealed to a wide range   to reach a consensus that this was     ceived another $500 grant from
of ages, races, and religions — some-   the book we should encourage the
thing we felt was important in a        community to read in 2003.
community-wide reading selection.          Upon researching the author,        Candice Michalik is a Reference Librar-
A superbly written story of love,       we learned that it was possible to     ian at Lynchburg Public Library. She
hope, and inspiration, it spent over    invite him to come to Lynchburg.       can be reached at candice.michalik@
two years on the New York Times         We knew the library could not af-      lynchburgva.gov.
PAGE 8                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                          OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

the Lynchburg Retail Merchants         to explore Judaism. A librarian         mailed 1500 announcements to
Association, and our Friends of        from Randolph-Macon Woman’s             their constituency. Combining all
the Library group also provided        College agreed to give a program        of this with the newspaper cover-
$500. Randolph-Macon Woman’s           on “Telling Stories: Collecting and     age, Web-page coverage, library-
College, with the help of an anony-    Preserving Family Folklore,” and        newsletter coverage, and a banner
mous donor, provided the rest.         the local Rabbi agreed to give a pro-   hanging in the library, our program
   If we were to encourage our         gram on “Ten Questions People Ask       did not lack for publicity.
citizens to read The Color of Water,   about Judaism.”                            Without a doubt, the author
then it was important for us to           With a program in place, we          appearance was the capstone to
make enough copies available to        needed to get the word out to the       the program. For the program to
them. We increased the library’s       community. We sent letters to all       succeed, this event had to succeed.
number of copies of the book to        local, high school, English teach-      And it did! James McBride’s agents
33, which was just about perfect for   ers and about forty of the largest      were a pleasure to work with. They
our particular system. We shelved      churches, suggesting the book for       allowed us to suggest what it was
most of the copies in the adult                                                that we wanted Mr. McBride to do
section of our main library, but                                               that day. They answered all our
we also had copies in the young                                                questions promptly and were very
adult section and at our downtown
                                        We couldn’t have asked                 helpful. We did hit one small snag:
branch. At times all of the books        for more support from                 About a week before he was to ap-
were checked out, but the holds list                                           pear in Lynchburg, we learned that
never got above three people, and            the newspapers.                   James McBride was scheduled to fly
most of those didn’t have to wait                                              into Richmond, about a three-hour
more than a day or two.                                                        drive away. With the added travel
   We feel strongly that book dis-     youth groups. The public schools        time, he wouldn’t have time for all
cussions should be an integral part    responded enthusiastically by buy-      of his planned activities. So we re-
of a citywide reading program.         ing 100 copies of the book and          booked him to fly into Charlottes-
The library scheduled both an          having senior English classes read      ville, and everything ran smoothly.
afternoon and an evening discus-       it over the Christmas holidays.            Since James McBride is an
sion group, and one of the library     The local newspapers provided us        award-winning jazz musician as
staff volunteered to go to a local     with great publicity. One of the        well as an author, we invited his
retirement community to host a         Lifestyle reporters wrote an article    band to come as well. This gave us
book discussion there. As they did     for the Sunday paper on James Mc-       a wider audience. Readers came to
last year, local bookstores offered    Bride and “Lynchburg Reads” and         see James McBride the author; jazz
their support. Three local stores      included our “Lynchburg Reads”          aficionados came to hear James
agreed to host a total of four book    schedule in the article. Two of the     McBride and the band. All were
discussion groups. Daytime, eve-       paper’s columnists mentioned both       thrilled! On the afternoon of the
ning, and Saturday groups were set     the author and the program in their     performance, the group arrived at a
up in order to reach the greatest      columns. And our local weekly pa-       local high school at around 1:30. Af-
number of people.                      per devoted its entire center section   ter his plane trip and the 90-minute
   For something special like          to Lynchburg Reads. We couldn’t         drive to Lynchburg, James McBride
“Lynchburg Reads,” we felt that        have asked for more support from        was first entertained by the high
there needed to be more than just      the newspapers.                         school’s jazz ensemble, following
book discussions and an author            Thanks to the creativity of the      which he spoke with the students.
appearance. We decided to explore      staff in the city’s Office of Commu-    One of the teachers said that he
some themes of the book in two         nications, we have an eye-catching      was great with the students: he
additional programs. I contacted       logo that can be used year after        established an instant rapport and
Karen Ganske, the director of the      year. That office also designed fly-    had them in the palm of his hand.
Nampa Public Library in Idaho, as      ers and bookmarks for us, printed       Their schedule was non-stop after
Nampa had chosen The Color of          with the “Lynchburg Reads”              that. Following the high school
Water as their citywide book last      schedule. We kept some flyers for       visit, it was time to sign books at
year. Ms. Ganske was kind enough       library distribution and took oth-      the Randolph-Macon Woman’s
to send me a copy of their “Nampa      ers to local bookstores. This year      College bookstore. After signing
Reads” brochure. Borrowing ideas       Randolph-Macon Woman’s Col-             over 100 of his books, Mr. McBride
from Nampa, we decided on a fam-       lege provided posters announcing        and the three band members had
ily folklore program and a program     James McBride’s appearance, and         dinner with a small group of Black
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                           VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                           PAGE 9

students and alumni at the college.    its book discussion. The library’s     noon program to about 25 people.
Dinner with the students was not       discussion held the day after Mr.      After eliciting ten questions about
originally on the group’s schedule.    McBride’s visit attracted only four.   Judaism from the audience and
He had asked to meet with them,        Actually there were five, but the      answering each of them in his talk,
and it was decided that the already    fifth participant had thought that     he opened the floor to more ques-
planned dinner would be a perfect      James McBride would be at the dis-     tions. What we expected to take
way to meet and chat. Then came        cussion and when she found out he      about an hour took just over two as
the public performance.                wouldn’t, she left. It seems that no   he eagerly and patiently answered
   The evening was so exciting for     matter how you word press releases,    questions from all who asked. The
those of us who had been working       there will be someone to interpret     audience left with a better under-
on “Lynchburg Reads” for so many       them incorrectly. We were disap-       standing and appreciation for Juda-
months. People kept pouring into       pointed in the low turnout at the      ism thanks to Rabbi Gutherz.
the auditorium — Black people,         library’s book discussions but hope       How many people read The
white people, young people, old        next year to choose a book that the    Color of Water? It’s impossible to
people, men, women, book-lovers,                                              get an exact figure, but the library’s
jazz-lovers … you get the picture.                                            33 copies of the book circulated
The eighth-grade class of a local                                             about 175 times and are still be-
private school all read the book
                                       Lynchburg has shown it’s               ing checked out. In addition the
and attended the performance en          a win-win situation for              audio version circulated 17 times.
masse. Over 600 people packed the                                             Most local bookstores report a
hall. And what a performance!           all who are involved….                dramatic increase in sales. Close to
   After the introductions, and the                                           500 copies of the book were sold
Mayor’s proclamation that March                                               in Lynchburg in the months sur-
18, 2003 was “James McBride Day,”      library’s regular book group has not   rounding the event. That’s a lot of
Mr. McBride took the stage. With       already discussed and, therefore,      reading!
a wonderful sense of humor and         have a ready-made group for at            Based on our experiences, I
enchanting storytelling manner,        least one of the discussions!          would encourage any library con-
he told us about his family, inter-       Our two programs that exam-         sidering the one city-one book idea
weaving his narrative with read-       ined themes from the book drew         to go for it! There are lists of books
ings from the book. Toward the         a good number of people for a city     other libraries have chosen at vari-
end of his hour-long talk he sat       of our size. Frances Webb, a refer-    ous Web sites, or just go ahead and
at the piano and made a seamless       ence librarian at Randolph-Macon       pick one that strikes a chord with
transition into a performance with     Woman’s College, gave an excel-        your community. In the past two
the band. With James McBride on        lent presentation on developing        years, Lynchburg has shown it’s a
saxophone, the quartet, composed       your own family history. Besides       win-win situation for all who are
of pianist, bassist, and drummer,      earning a library degree, Mrs. Webb    involved — increased library check-
played a number of lively, crowd-      did graduate work in folklore and      outs, increased bookstore sales,
pleasing jazz selections for about     oral history at the University of      increased recognition for everyone
half an hour.                          North Carolina at Chapel Hill.         involved. And although we can
   After a long day of speaking and    Each spring she teaches a popular      count the book checkouts, sales,
book signing, many people would        course at the college called “Ameri-   and attendance figures, some things
want to retire to their hotel rooms,   can Folklore and Folk Life.” Her       can’t be measured. How many
but James McBride stayed after-        credentials made her perfect for       “new” readers have we reached?
ward and talked to individuals and     a talk on family stories. To the 18    How many young people have
signed books and CD’s. We could        people present she gave detailed       been inspired by James McBride?
not have asked for a better author     suggestions for interviewing family    We may not have exact numbers,
to represent “Lynchburg Reads.”        members and provided the audi-         but we know it happened. VL
We hoped that the enthusiasm           ence with a handout containing
generated by James McBride’s ap-       helpful suggestions and a bibliog-
pearance would carry over to the       raphy. One audience member was
other events we had scheduled.         heard to say she wanted to go right
On the whole, we think it did,         away and interview some of her
although programs met with vary-       older relatives. Rabbi Tom Gutherz
ing degrees of success. One of the     of Lynchburg’s Agudath Shalom
local bookstores had 26 people at      Congregation presented his after-
PAGE 10                                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                             OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

               Active Recruitment Within
                   Academic Libraries
      by Andrew Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer

L        ibrarians currently in the
         early stages of their careers
         are acutely aware of a major
challenge we will face — the loom-
ing shortage of librarians. Many of
                                         ians and its solution demands grass
                                         roots action. Our group of rela-
                                         tively new librarians has responded
                                         by promoting librarianship to the
                                         student population at our home
                                                                                 exams and intensive periods of
                                                                                 study. The time was late in the af-
                                                                                 ternoon during the typical dinner
                                                                                 hour. We offered a window of two
                                                                                 hours, which allowed students the
our older colleagues will retire in      institution. The idea originated at     freedom to stop by after leaving
the years ahead and our schools are      the American Library Association        class or immediately after dinner.
not producing enough graduates to        Annual Conference in Atlanta in         We made the session informal in
replace retirees. The age-old “im-       2002. At that time we began to          order to make the atmosphere as
age” problem, exacerbated by low         explore the possible recruitment        inviting as possible, and picked a
salaries for librarians, discourages                                             central location on campus along
college students from considering                                                a main thoroughfare in order to
librarianship as a career, if they                                               make the event highly visible and
even think of it as an option.                The library funded                 easy to find. The library funded
    The American Library Asso-           snacks and beverages, as                snacks and beverages, as often-
ciation projects that 2009 will be a                                             times refreshments do wonders to
pivotal year for librarianship as re-     oftentimes refreshments                increase attendance!
tirement and other career changes                                                   When deciding on the session’s
will result in nearly 25% of librar-      do wonders to increase                 content, we explored each partici-
ians exiting the workplace.1 Library               attendance!                   pating librarian’s background and
literature has also closely docu-                                                strengths. Two of the librarians,
mented this trend as well as the                                                 our Music Librarian and Social Sci-
need for active recruitment within                                               ences Librarian, have public library
all types of libraries. The February     opportunities that exist on our         experience. The Social Sciences
1, 2003 issue of Library Journal fea-    campus of approximately 4,000           Librarian has also worked in a cor-
tured several articles focusing on       undergraduate, graduate, and pro-       porate and school library. Our Head
recruitment. In his article “Tack-       fessional students. After a planning    of Bibliographic Access Services
ling Recruitment,” Michael Rogers        meeting, we decided to offer an in-     worked as a health sciences librar-
outlines the need for libraries to       formal miniature career fair where      ian and library services representa-
utilize the personnel resources          we would meet with interested           tive and was able to provide insight
already present within our institu-      students and discuss the evolving       into work as a library vendor. Our
tions. Creative solutions include        world of information science and
internships for students, active re-     librarianship.
cruitment of paraprofessionals, and         Our planning meetings focused        Andrew Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel
following the successful practices       upon structure and logistics of the     Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer are li-
of other professions.2                   event, content and information to       brarians at the University of Richmond.
    A recent article in College &        be presented, collaboration and         Email: amorton@richmond.edu,
Research Libraries News also high-       advertising efforts, and distribution   lfairtil@richmond.edu,
lights recruitment and retention as      of responsibilities. We selected a      rfrick@richmond.edu,
one of the most important issues         date and time that fit well into the    lscott@richmond.edu, and
academic libraries must recognize        typical undergraduate schedule.         kweimer@richmond.edu.
and address.3 This issue is of great     The date was mid-way through            Special thanks to Renee Morton and
concern to all professional librar-      the spring semester to avoid final      Jim Rettig for editorial contributions.
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                                   VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                            PAGE 11

  Young librarians at the University of Richmond actively recruit the next generation.

Government Information Librarian             explore programs of interest and            in other fields. We also worked with
talked about librarianship at the            obtain additional information.              the Career Development Center so
federal and state level. The Head               To advertise the program we sent         students seeking career information
of Access and Delivery Services also         out multiple announcements on a             there would be aware of the upcom-
contributed and discussed some of            campus wide email distributed daily         ing session.
the technological aspects of library         to alert faculty, staff, and students          During the event we placed a
service. Our goal was to provide the         to upcoming campus events. Two              whiteboard outside the room ad-
attendees with a broad perspective           messages were sent. The first was re-       vertising the session inside. We also
of the employment opportunities              leased two weeks prior to the event,        posted greeters outside to encour-
they can pursue upon completion              and the second was sent the day             age people to visit. Librarians in-
of a Master’s degree in Library and          before as a reminder. Within these          side the room welcomed attendees.
Information Science.                         messages, we advertised a website           Upon entering, attendees signed a
   For additional content and ma-            we created with links to numerous           registration sheet and listed their
terials, we contacted several schools        recruitment and informational sites.        email addresses, which we used
of library and information science           We later decided to maintain the            later to thank them for coming, to
and requested brochures and other            website as an ongoing recruitment           re-advertise our website, and to en-
recruitment materials to distribute          tool and occasionally re-advertise          courage them to forward any ques-
during the event. Most of the pro-           the link. We also drafted a message         tions they might have. We chose
grams responded and one offered              that our library liaisons forwarded         round tables for the session so that
to have a representative on hand.            to the faculty of the academic de-          everyone present would be encour-
To preserve the informal nature              partments with whom they work.              aged to participate and ask ques-
of our program we declined this              We asked the faculty to advertise           tions. The discussions focused upon
offer. We placed all handouts on             this event to their students and            the role each librarian plays on our
an information table at the room’s           encourage attendance, especially            campus, his or her background
entrance. The brochures gave the             those within the humanities who             and experience, and ideas on the
attendees further opportunity to             typically pursue additional degrees         future of library and information
PAGE 12                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                            OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

science. We also talked with the        returned to complete their bach-         future library service that librarians
attendees about their backgrounds       elor degrees. In addition, we will       actively recruit the next genera-
and ideas for future careers and em-    utilize further technological tools      tion of librarians. As many current
ployment. Two paraprofessionals         such as displaying the PowerPoint        articles suggest, recruitment-from-
at our institution, both currently      inside and outside the room dur-         within efforts can be successful
pursuing their master’s degrees         ing the event to encourage more          given that most paraprofessionals
in library science, also attended.      attendance.                              and student employees are already
They provided the attendees with           If you are interested in holding      interested in libraries. In addition
their unique perspectives as library    a similar session, we encourage you      to promoting information science
school students. Throughout the         to meet with the staff of your career    to those already within our library,
session, we displayed a PowerPoint      development to discuss successful        we are also introducing career
slide show that ran automatically                                                possibilities to our institution’s
in the background giving the at-                                                 student population. To learn more
tendees supplementary details and                                                about our recruitment efforts,
websites, including our own, where        We chose round tables                  please visit our website at: http:
they could obtain additional infor-       for the session so that                //oncampus.richmond.edu/is/
mation via the Internet.                                                         library/recruit.
   Six students, of whom four were            everyone present
student employees within the li-
braries, attended. Two of these stu-       would be encouraged
dents have since graduated and will            to participate….
be attending library school, and a                                                 1
                                                                                      American Library Association,
third is considering the possibility.                                            ALA Town Hall Meeting: Recruitment
The other students in attendance                                                 @ Your Library, [Online] available
are interested but are still early in   recruitment techniques. Work with        from http://www.ala.org/Content/
their undergraduate work. After the     the library schools within your area     NavigationMenu/Education_and_
event we met to evaluate the suc-       or region to obtain materials and        Careers/Recruitment/ALA_Town_
cess of the recruitment session and     any other recruitment ideas they         Hall_Meeting__Recruitment_@_
discuss possible changes. We intend     may offer. We also suggest tapping       Your_Library_Summary.htm;        ac-
to hold another session this coming     the distinctive talents and abilities    cessed 07 May 2003; Internet.
academic year. We are exploring         of the librarians at your institution.      2
                                                                                      Rogers, Michael. “Tackling
various ideas before the next event     Identify those who will provide var-     Recruitment.” Library Journal 128
such as pursing additional advertis-    ied perspectives for the attendees at    (February 2003): 42.
ing and possibly visiting classes to    your event. Also remember that of-          3
                                                                                      Hisle, W. “Top Issues Facing
announce the event. We will also        fering refreshments is a wonderful       Academic Libraries.” College and Re-
target our non-traditional student      incentive.                               search Libraries News 63 (November
population, of whom many have              It is important for the success of    2002): 714. VL
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                              VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                              PAGE 13

   Remembering Mary Ann Harmon
                                         by Robert E. Wagenknecht

M              ary Ann Harmon,
               President of the
               Friends of the Ches-
terfield County Public Library
and past Chairman of the Board
                                                                                     cluded a bookmark contest and
                                                                                     a major essay contest which at-
                                                                                     tracted more than 500 students
                                                                                     and resulted in publication of
                                                                                     an anthology of winning es-
of the Library of Virginia, passed                                                   says, as well as a presentation
away on April 12, 2003. She is                                                       to the Board of Supervisors.
worthy of being remembered                                                           The essay contest was finan-
by those of us connected with                                                        cially supported by a generous
libraries; for nearly two decades                                                    corporation. Other celebrations
she devoted her life to the im-                                                      included participation with
provement and support of public                                                      a major retail bookstore. She
libraries in Chesterfield County                                                     created a Library Ambassador
and in the Commonwealth.                                                             Awards Program to recognize in-
   When she moved to Ches-                                                           dividuals and corporations who
terfield County in 1983 she was                                                      had made significant gifts to the
determined to do something she                                                       library; to the surprise of no one
had not had time to do before. “I                                                    the Friends Board saw to it that
wanted to give back to the com-                                                      Mary Ann was honored by her
munity” she is quoted as saying                                                      own program.
in a 1998 Richmond Times-Dis-                                                           Organizing and managing
patch article. Fortunately for                                                       skills were second nature to
us she focused her interest on                                                       Mary Ann. One does not raise
public libraries. In her advocacy                                                    the Friends annual budget from
for libraries she said “there is                                                     $2,500 to more than $90,000
nothing more American than                                                           without an ample supply of
public libraries. Besides being                                                      both. She always did her paper-
one of our best spent tax dollars,       Ann’s mind and she was an indefat-       work and communicated. She was
they are barrier free and abound         igable worker. Mary Ann’s twenty-        anxious for the Friends to do the
with opportunities for education,        three years of business experience       kinds of things that would benefit
entertainment, and adventure.            in public relations was of great ben-    the library. She always sought out
Public libraries serve people of all     efit to the library. She approached      the best ideas and did not rely sole-
ages and backgrounds without             her work, or rather her passion,         ly on her own, as evidenced by her
discrimination.” In the same article     with unbounded flair, enthusiasm,        engaging Virginia Commonwealth
the reporter quickly caught sight        and imagination. She had an eye          University to undertake an orga-
of Mary Ann’s soul when he said,         for what would attract attention         nization assessment of the Friends
“what drives her is the notion that      for the Friends and for the library.     with focus on membership and
if a young person discovers read-        She never missed an opportunity          corporate fund raising.
ing, that person is sure to be a life-   to discuss the library’s needs be-          Working with Mary Ann was a
long reader.” Her interest in library    fore the Board of Supervisors, who       delight. She enjoyed mixing with
services to young people came as         always held her in the highest es-
no surprise to those of us who had       teem. She reveled in celebrations.
the privilege of working with Mary       The 25th anniversary of the Friends      Dr. Robert E. Wagenknecht was Director
Ann. She truly had the heart of a        was perhaps her most noteworthy          of the Chesterfield County Public Library
dedicated librarian.                     and sustained public relations ef-       from May, 1982 until his retirement in
   The library was always on Mary        fort. Activities lasted a year and in-   February, 2002.
PAGE 14                                          VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                          OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

staff, both socially and over work
issues, and staff enjoyed being
with her. She and other members
of the Friends always attended and
participated in annual staff days,
which the Friends supported finan-
cially. She was modest concerning
her own accomplishments. She
worked to promote the Friends
and the library and not herself.
When Mary Ann was honored
by the Eckerd Corporation for
her outstanding public service a
news reporter noted that she “was
pleased to have light shine on the
accomplishments of the group but
deflected it from herself. ‘It’s not
my personal achievement. It’s for
all the people who work for librar-
ies who love the written word,’ she
said. ‘There are 400 people stand-
ing behind me’ who comprise the
Friends of the Chesterfield County
   Yet Mary Ann was widely recog-
nized for her successful advocacy
of public libraries. In addition to
awards already mentioned the
Chesterfield Friends under her
leadership received recognition for
outstanding service and achieve-
ment from the Virginia Library As-
sociation in 1993, 1994, and 1998.
In 1995 Mary Ann received the first
annual Friends of Virginia Librar-
ies Award for Individual Achieve-
ment, and in 1999 she received the
Virginia Public Library Directors
Association Award for Outstand-
ing Library Friend. The Library of
Virginia Board passed a resolution
honoring Mary Ann “for her vol-
unteerism in support of the Com-       was formally recognized by resolu-    and as President of the Friends of
monwealth’s public libraries,” and     tion of the Board of The Library of   Virginia Libraries, 2001–2003.
the Virginia Library Association’s     Virginia.                                I know the library community
Volunteer Management Forum                In addition to serving as Presi-   throughout Virginia shares my
honored Mary Ann with its Spe-         dent of the Chesterfield Friends      great personal loss at Mary Ann’s
cial Volunteer Recognition Award       from 1986 until her death, Mary       passing. She was an informed,
2000. Perhaps the award of which       Ann was appointed in 1997 by          powerful, savvy, and politically as-
she was most proud, however, was       Governor George Allen to a five-      tute ally in our quest to bring qual-
the naming of the new La Prade         year term on The Library of Vir-      ity library service to the citizens of
Library the “Mary Ann Harmon           ginia Board, the fourth year of       Chesterfield County and the Com-
Building” by the Chesterfield Board    which she served as Chairman. She     monwealth. Though of average
of Supervisors in recognition of       also served as Board representative   stature physically she stood head
her many achievements, which act       to the Virginia Center for the Book   and shoulders above us all. VL
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                          PAGE 15

                                 Virginia Reviews
                  Reviews prepared by staff members of the Library of Virginia
                                     Sara B. Bearss, Editor

         Kevin R. Hardwick and                                                  bell County family during the early
         Warren R. Hofstra, eds. Vir-                                           republic. Elizabeth R. Varon’s path-
         ginia Reconsidered: New His-                                           breaking essay on Lucy Maria John-
         tories of the Old Dominion.                                            son Barbour’s leadership of a Whig
Charlottesville and London: Uni-                                                ladies’ association intent on erect-
versity of Virginia Press, 2003.                                                ing in Richmond a statue to Henry
ix + 459 pp. $29.50 (softcover).                                                Clay restores Virginia women to the
   It has been twenty-six years                                                 equation of nineteenth-century po-
since the appearance of the last                                                litical culture, and Elna C. Green’s
full-length history of Virginia, Lou-
                                          These carefully selected              study of the Virginia campaign for
is D. Rubin’s Virginia: A Bicentennial        essays paint a rich               woman’s suffrage brings the story
History (1977), and thirty-two since                                            into the twentieth century.
Virginius Dabney published his               and vibrant portrait                   Stephen V. Ash’s 1990 essay em-
heavily political Virginia, the New                                             phasizes the “disruption, upheaval,
Dominion (1971). While we await
                                             of Virginia’s past….               and partisan conflict” experienced
John d’Entremont’s and Peter C.             HARDWICK & HOFSTRA REVIEW           by white Virginians living under
Stewart’s state histories, Virginia                                             Federal occupation during the Civil
Reconsidered: New Histories of the                                              War. Essays by Deborah A. Lee and
Old Dominion fills an important gap                                             Warren R. Hofstra, on the murder
on the library bookshelf. This col-      (1609–1614) and continues with         of a Frederick County physician in
lection of fourteen essays, all pre-     Edmund S. Morgan’s 1972 presiden-      May 1818 by three of his slaves,
viously published in other forms         tial address to the Organization of    and by Fred A. Bailey, on efforts of
and venues, brings together pivotal      American Historians on the simul-      Lost Cause sympathizers to perpet-
scholarship addressing issues in Vir-    taneous rise in the Virginia colony    uate Confederate values through
ginia history writ large from 1609       of liberty and equality on the one     control of textbooks used in Vir-
to 1960. The individual authors          hand and of slavery on the other,      ginia schools, address important
focus not on the well-known pub-         a chapter from Darrett B. Rutman       questions about historical memory.
lic names and big public events          and Anita H. Rutman’s pioneering       The volume closes with essays by
but on broad subjects of race,           1984 study of Middlesex County         Gregory Michael Dorr on the teach-
gender, class, ethnicity, religion,      during the colonial period, Jack       ing of eugenics at the University of
and conflict. Taken together, the        P. Greene’s classic 1976 essay on      Virginia and by J. Douglas Smith
essays, in the words of the editors’     the political culture of eighteenth-   on state delegate Armistead Lloyd
perceptive introduction, “focus on       century Virginia, Woody Holton’s       Boothe and the politics of modera-
the projection of power within and       thought-provoking 1997 article         tion during Massive Resistance.
across Virginia society” and restore     on how class conflict transformed          These carefully selected essays
to the historical stage the cast of      elite white Virginians into revo-      paint a rich and vibrant portrait of
thousands whose roles have tradi-        lutionaries, and Jan Lewis’s 1993      Virginia’s past and provide a focused
tionally provided only background        essay “‘The Blessings of Domestic      snapshot of the best scholarship on
for the big-name, usually political,     Society’: Thomas Jefferson’s Family
stars.                                   and the Transformation of Ameri-
   Virginia Reconsidered opens with      can Politics.” Thomas E. Buckley,      Sara B. Bearss is senior editor of the
J. Frederick Fausz’s 1990 essay on       S.J., provides a case study of class   Dictionary of Virginia Biography,
the First Anglo-Powhatan War             and power in an interracial Camp-      published by the Library of Virginia.
PAGE 16                                            VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                           OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

Virginia history written during the     seemed to fall out of the grasp of                 Jeffrey Ruggles. The Un-
past twenty-five years. Virginia Re-    the landed elite into which Tucker                 boxing of Henry Brown.
considered would be an ideal book       had married, and he and his sons                   Richmond: The Library of
of readings in any college-level Vir-   and sons-in-law who followed the                   Virginia, 2003. xv + 232
ginia or southern history class.        law were unable to retain their hold     pp. $25.00 (hardcover).
   — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se-    on public affairs in the changed             On 23 March 1849 Samuel Smith
nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia     world of the nineteenth century.         shipped a box from Richmond,
Biography                               Less prosperous, less well respected,    Virginia, to James Miller McKim,
                                        and disillusioned, Tucker and the        resident agent of the Pennsylvania
                                        members of his extended family           Anti-Slavery Society, in Philadel-
         Phillip Hamilton. The Mak-     who retained an interest in public       phia. Inside was a man named
         ing and Unmaking of a Revo-    affairs were unable to accept the de-    Henry Brown, and the box served
         lutionary Family: The Tuck-    mocratizing of Virginia and Ameri-       as the vehicle for his dramatic es-
         ers of Virginia, 1752–1830.    ca. They longed for an earlier time      cape from slavery. He became for-
Jeffersonian America Series. Jan El-    when landed gentlemen lived inde-        ever known as Henry Box Brown.
len Lewis, Peter S. Onuf, and James     pendent of the masses and directed       In The Unboxing of Henry Brown,
Horn, Series Editors. Charlottesville   their own affairs and the colony’s       Jeffrey Ruggles puts Brown’s har-
and London: University of Virginia      as well, thriving on well-regulated      rowing journey to freedom into the
Press, 2003. xii + 250 pp. $35.00                                                context of his life and puts Brown’s
(hardcover).                                                                     life into the context of the times in
   Part family history, part Virginia                                            which he lived.
history, and part American history,        He devised a plan to                      Born in Louisa County about
this well-written volume by the                                                  1815, Brown suffered his first re-
                                           ship himself in a box
Christopher Newport University                                                   corded separation from family at
historian Phillip Hamilton treats          north to freedom….                    age fifteen when he was sent to
the extended family of St. George                                                Richmond to work in a tobacco
Tucker, who immigrated to Virginia                RUGGLES REVIEW                 factory. He was able to take advan-
from Bermuda shortly before the                                                  tage of the opportunities of urban
American Revolution and became                                                   slavery and managed to save some
a planter, an attorney, a judge, and    extended families of persons with        money. He married, had children,
a law professor. A member of a far-     similar interests and responsibili-      and had a home. But in 1848 his
flung Bermuda family of influence       ties. St. George Tucker, his stepson     wife and children were sold south,
and talent, he tried to re-create in    John Randolph of Roanoke, and his        and Brown suffered a second rend-
Virginia the close-knit family ties     sons Henry St. George Tucker and         ing of his family. Brown determined
that had served his ancestors well.     Nathaniel Beverley Tucker became         that he would escape from the
Marriage into the Randolph family       profoundly influential exemplars         world that had twice destroyed his
allied him with several of Virginia’s   of southerners who could not ad-         family through the capriciousness
great families, and a second mar-       just to the modern America. They         and greed of slave owners. He de-
riage into the Skipwith family          were among the first Virginians to       vised a plan to ship himself in a box
deepened his connections with the       decide, not long after the War of        north to freedom, and he secured
landed leadership of eighteenth-        1812, that union with the northern       the help of a sympathetic white
century Virginia.                       states was not sustainable, and they     storekeeper named Samuel Smith.
   Times changed, though, and low       were influential in ways not yet ful-        Smith traveled to Philadelphia
tobacco prices, scarce land, and        ly appreciated in leading the next       and arranged for James Miller
limited opportunities left Tucker’s     generation of southern politicians       McKim, of the Pennsylvania Anti-
male children and stepchildren          to the same conclusions.                 Slavery Society, to receive Brown’s
with few opportunities to succeed          This excellent study is both emi-     box. Despite McKim’s hesitancy,
as planters. Following Tucker’s         nently readable and educational,         Smith shipped Brown north on the
advice, most chose to pursue the        and it is an important contribution      morning of 23 March 1849. Crated
law as their profession. In the new     to understanding the dynamics            in a box with not much more than
economy and the new politics of         of leadership and of family life in      some water, crackers, and small air
the early national period, almost       Virginia following the American          holes, Brown endured a twenty-
nothing went as Tucker planned          Revolution.                              four-hour trip by rail and boat,
and hoped. Direction of public             — reviewed by Brent Tarter, Editor,   often upside down. At least once
affairs and of their own destinies      Dictionary of Virginia Biography         his box was almost left behind,
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                             VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                           PAGE 17

saved only by the fact it was an        versity of Virginia Press, 2003. xi +    southern press to the concept of
express shipment. When the box          263 pp. $49.50 (hardcover); $18.50       honor that impelled Grant to such
reached McKim the next morning,         (softcover).                             action as well as the acceptability
McKim was relieved to find Brown           In this well-researched book,         of the jury’s verdict of not guilty.
alive and jubilant to have reached      Richard F. Hamm, associate profes-       Northern papers expressed dismay
freedom.                                sor of history at the University at      that justice and the law were subju-
   Because of the nature of his         Albany, State University of New          gated by the concepts of honor and
escape from slavery, Brown im-          York, looks at nineteenth- and           chivalry.
mediately became a sensation on         twentieth-century Virginia culture          The tension between honor and
the abolitionist circuit. He shared     as seen through the pages of the         law is addressed in similar detail
lecture stages with other prominent     local, regional, and national press.     in subsequent chapters detail-
abolitionists and escaped slaves, in-   Using four sensational court cases,      ing the trial of J. T. Clark, accused
cluding Frederick Douglass. Brown       Hamm studies how the concept             of murdering John R. Moffett, a
developed a panorama show on            of honor and its role in the Vir-        Baptist minister and advocate of
slavery and traveled throughout the     ginia judicial system was viewed         prohibition, in Danville in 1892;
North displaying it to audiences.                                                the Nelson County trial of William
When the Fugitive Slave Act was                                                  G. Loving, an attorney and legisla-
passed as part of the Compromise                                                 tor accused of murdering Theodore
of 1850, however, Brown knew that             Northern papers                    Estes for “ruining” his daughter in
even the North was no longer a safe                                              1907; and the trial of Edith Max-
                                          expressed dismay that
place for a prominent escaped slave                                              well, a schoolteacher accused of
and that he faced possible recapture         justice and the law                 murdering her father H. T. “Trigg”
at any time. He packed up his pan-                                               Maxwell in 1935 in Wise County.
orama and traveled to England.              were subjugated by                      Exploring the press coverage of
   There he remained for about the                                               these four trials, Hamm illuminates
                                               the concepts of
next twenty-five years of his life.                                              the political and social culture of
First he displayed his panorama on          honor and chivalry.                  Virginia and how these values were
the English abolitionist and lecture                                             perceived throughout the nation.
circuit. But during the American                   HAMM REVIEW                   For anyone attempting to gain an
Civil War and its aftermath, inter-                                              understanding of the social, legal,
est faded. Brown, who had married                                                political, and moral culture of
again, became a magician with his       throughout the country in the            Virginia from late in the 1860s to
family as part of his act. In 1875 he   press coverage given to each trial.      the 1930s, this book is particularly
returned to the United States, bring-      Divided into four chapters, Mur-      enlightening.
ing his wife and daughter with him.     der, Honor, and Law addresses each          — reviewed by Laura E. Drake, State
He resuscitated his reputation as       case in great detail and describes       Records Archivist
Henry Box Brown in his advertise-       not only the press coverage but
ments as they traveled performing       also journalistic styles of the time.
in the North. Unfortunately, the        The first of the cases considered                  Elizabeth L. O’Leary. From
date and circumstances of Brown’s       is that of James Grant, accused of                 Morning to Night: Domestic
death are unknown, but Ruggles          ambushing a Richmond newspaper                     Service in Maymont House
has provided a keen, informative        editor and publisher, Henry Rives                  and the Gilded Age. Char-
biography of a man whose first dis-     Pollard, in 1868. Although arrested      lottesville and London: University
appearing act was his greatest.         shortly after the killing with several   of Virginia Press, 2003. xiv + 182
   — reviewed by Trenton E. Hizer,      guns in a rented room across the         pp. $27.95 (hardcover).
Private Papers Archivist                street from where Pollard lay dead,         In From Morning to Night, author
                                        Grant was eventually found by a          Elizabeth L. O’Leary continues her
                                        jury to be not guilty of the crime       research into domestic service.
         Richard F. Hamm. Mur-          because he had shot Pollard outside      Whereas her earlier book, At Beck
         der, Honor, and Law: Four      his newspaper office in response to      and Call (1996), examined repre-
         Virginia Homicides from        a compromising article published         sentations of domestic servants
         Reconstruction to the Great    about his sister. Relying on nu-         in nineteenth-century American
Depression. The American South Se-      merous newspaper accounts from           paintings, O’Leary, in the current
ries. Edward L. Ayers, Series Editor.   across the country, Hamm shows           volume, draws from her work with
Charlottesville and London: Uni-        the reaction of the northern and         Maymont to tackle the social his-
PAGE 18                                          VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                           OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003

tory of African Americans in do-       that African Americans were grate-     ers left few papers, several left
mestic service after the Civil War     ful for the benefits of slavery and    children and nieces and nephews
and emancipation. From Morning         the whites’ lack of understanding      who remember life working in the
to Night results from the develop-     of the African American need for       Dooley house.
ment of an exhibition at Maymont,      independence through improved             Illustrations are grouped together
a house museum operated by the         business and educational opportu-      to divide the story between upstairs
Maymont Foundation, in Rich-           nities. O’Leary then explores the      and downstairs. The lack of a floor
mond, that will explore the lives of   life of Maymont’s domestic servants    plan of Maymont makes it difficult
the African Americans who made         who frequently worked more than        for readers not familiar with the
life comfortable for Major James H.    twelve hours a day, with Thursday      house to imagine the spaces. Nev-
Dooley and Sallie May Dooley, the      afternoons and alternating Sun-        ertheless, O’Leary has produced a
owners of Maymont. The Dooleys         days off. Several positions were       readable and enlightening book on
built Maymont on the western           live-in; others were live out. Nev-    an aspect of race relations in late
outskirts of Richmond in 1893.                                                nineteenth-century Richmond, and
When Sallie Dooley died in 1925,                                              Virginia, that should be interesting
three years after her husband, she                                            to students of cultural and social
left the house and property to the
                                          …days began before                  history.
City of Richmond to be used as            dawn and continued                     — reviewed by Barbara C. Batson,
a public park and museum. May-                                                Exhibitions Coordinator
mont House opened to the public             long after sunset.
in 1926 and remained virtually
                                                 O’LEARY REVIEW
untouched until restoration began
                                                                              Virginia’s Civil War
in 1970. That effort concentrated
on the Dooleys’ rooms and collec-                                                  Clint Johnson. In the Footsteps
tions rather than the service areas    ertheless, days began before dawn           of J. E. B. Stuart. Winston-Salem,
in the basement and garage. To         and continued long after sunset.       N.C.: John F. Blair, Publisher, 2003.
sustain their lavish lifestyle, the    Wages were not luxurious but they      xix + 174 pp. $12.95 (softcover).
Dooleys employed between seven         were steady, although many do-            Following up on his series In the
and ten people to serve in such        mestic servants in the early twen-     Footsteps of Robert E. Lee (2001) and
positions as butler, second butler,    tieth century often supplemented       of Stonewall Jackson (2002), Clint
cook, kitchen maid, housemaid,         their income to make ends meet.        Johnson now continues In the Foot-
lady’s maid, driver, and laundress.    O’Leary unblinkingly describes the     steps of J. E. B. Stuart. James Ewell
Another twenty people worked un-       hardships of domestic service and      Brown Stuart, the dashing cavalier
der an estate manager to maintain      the constant negotiation between       of Confederate renown, is perhaps
the grounds of the 100-acre estate.    employer and employee. She asks        best known for his ride around
Although most of the Maymont           the question about how domestic        Union general George B. McClellan
workers were African American,         servants felt about their employ-      during the Seven Days’ Battles in
one servant, Emily Lackmiok, was       ees. The Dooleys and their kind        June 1862. Famous for his plumed
from Germany, and three drivers        described their relationship with      hat, his crimson-lined cloak, and
(coachmen/chauffeurs) were white       their servants as warm and lov-        his love of parties and flirting with
men. O’Leary concentrates on the       ing. Servants, on the other hand,      the ladies, Stuart was also a deeply
African American workers.              were more ambivalent, although         religious man whose reputation
    From Morning to Night is an up-    most focused on their work as a        rests as well on his being “a careful
stairs and downstairs tale. O’Leary    job, nothing more. Finally, O’Leary    tactician, a skilled scout, and a bold
explores the Dooleys’ life in Gilded   provides a biographical directory of   fighter.” Johnson follows Stuart’s
Age Richmond as James Dooley, an       the Dooley employees from 1880         career beginning with John Brown’s
attorney, amassed a fortune. For       to 1925 with brief, useful biogra-     Raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859,
the Dooleys, the late nineteenth       phies of the main characters.          through his service in Virginia and
century was a period of a contin-         Scant archival evidence hampers     his death from a wound suffered at
ued expectation of generally Afri-     O’Leary, but she makes good use        Yellow Tavern in May 1864, and
can American servitude to support      of oral histories of descendents of    then turns to Stuart’s early career
the couple’s wealth and status. Sal-   Maymont’s domestic workers. The        at West Point and in the West and
lie Dooley’s only publication, Dem     Dooleys’ personal papers were de-      Midwest, along with his actions in
Good Ole Times (1906), reflected the   stroyed after Sallie Dooley’s death,   Maryland and Pennsylvania during
prevailing white upper-class belief    and, although the domestic work-       the Gettysburg campaign.
OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003                               VIRGINIA LIBRARIES                                          PAGE 19

   In readable and action-filled          This civilian account makes an in-      New York during the Gilded Age.
prose, Johnson takes the reader to        teresting pair with the military di-    This dual biography slights Roger
all of the extant sites connected         ary of his brother, George Quintus      Pryor’s    peripatetic   antebellum
with Stuart’s flamboyant career. He       Peyton, also edited by Walbrook D.      career in journalism and rise to
describes Stuart’s activities at each     Swank and published as Stonewall        prewar political prominence in the
place and offers detailed instruc-        Jackson’s Foot Cavalry: Company A,      Democratic Party in favor of the
tions for getting to the sites, along     13th Virginia Infantry (2001).          Pryor family’s wartime and postwar
with warnings about dangerous                — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se-    lives. The narrative closely follows
traffic and accompanying photo-           nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia     Sara Pryor’s two engaging mem-
graphs of what the traveler will see      Biography                               oirs, Reminiscences of Peace and War
on arrival.                                                                       (1904) and My Day: Reminiscences
   — reviewed by Emily J. Salmon,             John C. Waugh. Surviving the        of a Long Life (1909). In fact, in his
Copyeditor                                    Confederacy: Rebellion, Ruin, and   acknowledgments Waugh thanks
                                          Recovery—Roger and Sara Pryor dur-      Sara Pryor for her enchanting and
    Walbrook D. Swank, ed. Eyewit-        ing the Civil War. New York, San        thorough recollections and avows,
    ness to War in Virginia, 1861–        Diego, and London: Harcourt, Inc.,      “If she were here I would give her
1865: The Civil War Diary of John         2002. 447 pp. $28.00 (hardcover).       a huge hug.” Waugh’s graceful
William Peyton. Civil War Heritage           Virginian Roger Atkinson Pryor       cadence makes this a moving and
Series, Volume 16. Shippensburg,          (1828–1919) was a newspaper             often gripping book, even for those
Pa.: Burd Street Press, 2003. xvi +       editor, United States and Confed-       familiar with the storyline, either
208 pp. $19.95 (softcover).               erate congressman, Confederate          through Sara Pryor’s writings or
   As the result of a fall from a rail-   brigadier general, and post-Civil       through Daniel E. Sutherland’s
road trestle in Danville in July 1861,    War member of the New York              analysis of the couple in their
John William Peyton (1839–1914)           Supreme Court. His wife Sara Ag-        larger context in his Confederate
became partially paralyzed from           nes Rice Pryor (1830–1912) was          Carpetbaggers (1988). A section of
the waist down. Unable to enlist in       a social leader, founder of the         black-and-white illustrations, 1,064
Confederate service, he remained          National Society Daughters of the       endnotes (distractingly numbered
in Rapidan for the duration of the        American Revolution, and writer.        continuously throughout the book,
Civil War and began a diary in June       Author John C. Waugh uses the           rather than broken up by chapter),
1862. His short, staccato entries         lives of this nineteenth-century        a thirty-six-page bibliography, and
routinely record the weather, local       power couple to tell the compelling     an index conclude the volume.
military action, and the reaction of      story of the ways one elite southern       — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se-
Orange County citizens to events          family experienced the Civil War,       nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia
on the state and national stages.         Reconstruction, and recovery in         Biography VL

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