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Virginia STAFF Editor Barbie Selby Libraries Government Information Librarian Alderman Library P.O. Box 400154 Charlottesville, VA 22903-4154 (434) 924-4963 firstname.lastname@example.org October/November/December, 2003, Vol. 49, No. 4 Editorial Board Fran Freimarck Director Pamunkey Regional Library COLUMNS P.O. Box 119 Barbie Selby 2 Openers Hanover, VA 23069 (804) 537-6212 Morel Fry 3 President’s Column email@example.com Sara B. Bearss, Ed. 15 Virginia Reviews John T. Kneebone 5107 Caledonia Road Richmond, VA 23225 804-231-1774 firstname.lastname@example.org FEATURES Ed Lener Andrew Sanderbeck 5 Managing Team Excellence College Librarian for the Sciences in Times of Change Virginia Tech, University Libraries Candice Michalik 7 One Book, One City, P.O. Box 90001 One Great Experience! Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001 Phone (540) 231-9249 Andrew Morton, Linda 10 Active Recruitment Within Fax (540) 231-9263 Fairtile, Rachel Frick, Lisa Academic Libraries email@example.com Scott, and Keith Weimer Lydia C. Williams Robert E. Wagenknecht 13 Remembering Mary Ann Harmon Longwood University Library Farmville, VA 23909 (804) 395-2432 firstname.lastname@example.org Virginia Libraries is a quarterly journal published by the Virginia Library Association whose pur- Antoinette Arsic pose is to develop, promote, and improve library and information services and the profession Corporate Business Development of librarianship in order to advance literacy and learning and to ensure access to information in Specialist/Librarian the Commonwealth of Virginia. EER Systems, Inc. The journal, distributed to the membership, is used as a vehicle for members to exchange 3750 Centerview Dr. information, ideas, and solutions to mutual problems in professional articles on current topics Chantilly, VA 20151 in the library and information field. Views expressed in Virginia Libraries are not necessarily (703) 375-6488 endorsed by the editor or editorial board. email@example.com The Virginia Library Association (VLA) holds the copyright on all articles published in Virginia Libraries whether the articles appear in print or electronic format. Material may be reproduced Editor, Virginia Books for informational, educational, or recreational purposes provided the source of the material Sara B. Bearss is cited. The print version of Virginia Libraries is designed by Lamp-Post Publicity in Meherrin, Senior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia. The electronic version of Virginia Libraries is created by Virginia Tech’s Digital Library Virginia Biography and Archives and is available at http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/VALib or as a link from the The Library of Virginia Virginia Library Association web site at http://www.vla.org. Virginia Libraries is indexed in Library Literature, a database produced by the H.W. Wilson Company. 800 E. Broad Street Items for publication and editorial inquiries should be addressed to the editor. Inquiries Richmond, VA 23219-8000 regarding membership, subscriptions, advertising, or claims should be directed to VLA, P.O. SBearss@lva.lib.va.us Box 8277, Norfolk, VA 23503-0277. All personnel happenings and announcements should be sent to the VLA Newsletter, Helen Q. Sherman, Librarian, DTIC Technical Library, Defense Techni- cal Information Center, 8725 John J. Kingman Road, Suite 0944, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6218, (703) 767-8180, fax (703) 767-8179, email firstname.lastname@example.org. Virginia Libraries is available by On the cover: Young librarians at the subscription at $20 per year. University of Richmond (see page 10) The guidelines for submissions to Virginia Libraries are found on page 4. PAGE 2 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 OPENERS Openers (& Closers) by Barbie Selby W hen I began this “Openers” Boston and Chicago still had a chance to make it to the World Series. How things change…. staffs, and librarians who are doing interesting things and are will- ing to share their experiences and expertise with others. I would like to thank all our contributors and to science as a career choice. We all know that librarianship is a reward- ing career. Programs like the one described can help us do a better job of conveying this to students at A friend said if the Cubs and the encourage others to consider publi- our respective colleges and in our Red Sox did make it to the World cation in Virginia Libraries. towns. Series we wouldn’t be around to see This month’s line up includes As always Sara Bearss and the it because an asteroid would have a remembrance of Mary Ann staff at the Library of Virginia pulverized us long since. Harmon, President of the Friends have provided us with reviews of I feel a bit as if I’ve been pinch of the Chesterfield County Public a number of wonderful books on hitting for my two and a half years Library and past Chairman of the Virginia’s history and people. We’d as co-editor of Virginia Librar- Board of the Library of Virginia, like to take this opportunity to ies. I’m very happy to announce by Robert E. Wagenknecht. Ms. thank Sara, Brent, Emily, Barbara, that Cy Dillon will return as co- Harmon was a tireless advocate for Laura, Trenton, as well as Jon and editor together with Lyn Gardner Chesterfield Library and for Vir- Julie for making “Virginia Reviews” of Hampden Public Library. Cy ginia libraries in general. possible. very ably edited Virginia Librar- Andrew Sanderbeck’s “Manag- Now, I’d like to once again thank ies from 1996 to 2000 when he ing Team Excellence in Times of everyone who has made Earlene’s stepped down to become VLA Change” is certainly relevant to and my editorship so enjoyable. Vice-President/President-Elect. Lyn any library manager. We hope his VLA Presidents Cy Dillon, Iza is a writer with editing experience. tips help you and your staff in these Cieszynski, and Morel Fry have I think Earlene Viano convinced challenging times (just when aren’t been supportive, and gotten their her that editing VL is a lot of fun. times challenging?). column done when we asked! Jon It is, plus a lot of work. Earlene Candice Michalik’s story of Marken of Lamp-Post Publicity does and I found that co-editing worked Lynchburg Reads campaigns should a wonderful, professional job for extremely well for us. I believe that also inspire other library systems to VLA in its many publications. We’ve Cy and Lyn will discover the same. adopt this popular program. Her enjoyed working with Linda Hahne, So, to further continue the upbeat account of the 2003 adop- who is thoroughly professional and baseball theme, this is my Closer. tion of James McBride’s The Color of professionally thorough in every- (I guess a closer is really a person, Water should challenge other librar- thing she does for VLA. We’d like to not a thing, but I’m taking liber- ies and communities to try a “_____ thank our Editorial Board. We may ties here (also with the parentheses Reads” campaign. not have called upon you as often Cy!).) Both Earlene and I have very “Active Recruitment Within as we could have, but your advice much enjoyed working on Virginia Academic Libraries” by Andrew and article ideas helped us more Libraries. VLA has been fortunate to Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel than you know. Finally, we’d like to have had many good editors — Cy, Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer thank the many VLA members and Dan and Lucretia Ream, Andrea should encourage those of us who others who have supplied us with Kross, Iza Cieszynski, Alan Zoell- may be “of a certain age” and articles and ideas for articles. This ner, Dean Burgess, and many more. wondering where our profession is your publication, and we hope Both Earlene and I are very happy is heading. These younger librar- you’re proud of it. Now, on to Cy to include our names among these ians are working at the University and Lyn! VL fine previous editors. VLA is also of Richmond to interest students fortunate to have libraries, library in librarianship and information OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 3 PRESIDENT’S COLUMN Year in Review by Morel Fry D uring the past year, the Virginia Library Associ- ation and its members have been very busy and involved in a variety of activities and proj- Library Services and Technology Act. We continue to lobby for fund- ing of the Act. The Virginia Library Association Executive Council voted to endorse ALA’s original ects. To cover everything would and revised statements on the USA take some time, but I thought I Patriot Act and on the importance would focus on three particular of passing the Freedom to Read areas — legislative, development and Protection Act, the Library and continuing education programs. Bookseller Protection Act, and the Library, Bookseller and Personal Data Privacy Act. Legislative Activities On May 13, 2003, over 60 library The legislative arena was chal- lenging on both the state and federal levels. In the state, budget formed to address the issues and cuts forced each type of library The VLA Foundation recommend strategies. One strat- to reduce or reallocate funds for will be a wonderful egy proposed was the formation staffing, programs, and book col- of a Virginia Library Association lections. Our Association’s biggest development opportunity. Foundation and, after review, the efforts were directed to making sure VLA Executive Council voted to cuts to libraries were in proportion endorse the establishment of such to other agencies and in this it was supporters attended the National a foundation. The VLA Foundation successful. Thanks to the efforts of Library Legislative Day luncheon will be a wonderful development our Legislative Committee, our leg- in Washington, D.C. The luncheon opportunity for the Association islative liaison and the strong grass and individual meetings before and and will give us an outlet for con- roots support of our members, the after the luncheon offered another tinued funding for the future. governor and the General Assembly tremendous opportunity to educate did not seek further reductions to legislators and their staff members Continuing Education state aid or other library programs on library values and to forge those Activities in the budget proposal. important connections for contin- We did have a successful Virginia ued library support. Another Association goal is to Legislative Day on January 16, 2003 provide continuing training and with over 70 librarians, trustees education opportunities to its Development Activities and friends going to Richmond to members. Again this year, VLA of- meet with their legislators. Those A continuing issue for VLA has fered an amazing quantity and va- personal relationships, forged dur- been the establishment of sustained riety of programs. Units sponsored ing these face-to-face opportunities funding for programs such as the programs on government publica- for legislators and library support- legislative liaison and scholarships. tions, paraprofessional develop- ers, continue to create support Both these programs have relied ment, library outreach, education for libraries within the legislative on the generosity of members and programs on the USA Patriot Act, agenda. corporate sponsors to provide serials collections, and program On the federal level, VLA sup- funding each year. This year an Ad planning — just to name some of ported the reauthorization of the Hoc Development Committee was the sessions. PAGE 4 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 On May 19th and 20th of this year, the VLA Paraprofessional SALUTE TO ADVENTURERS Forum held its 11th conference, “Navigating the Challenges of the 21st Century,” and attracted 341 people. They listened to an array of accomplished speakers and enjoyed a number of fun social events. I want to thank the Executive Committee, the Executive Council, and the members of the Associa- tion for their hard work and sup- port this year. I feel very lucky to be part of such a strong and vital organization. VL John Buchan tells a stunning tale of action and self-discovery in the first Virginia colony, evoking the heady excitement felt by a young Scottish adventurer from Glasgow in a new land. Renowned as the author of The Thirty-nine Steps and Greenmantle, Buchan’s little known Salute to Adventurers offers the reader a rare and fascinating glimpse of the early American colonists’ life. Nautical & Aviation offers this first American edition as a tribute to the 400th anniversary of the founding of the Jamestown colony. 366 pages / 6x9 trade paperback / $19.95 / October 2003 / ISBN 1-877853-68-2 The Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, Inc. 2055 Middleburg Lane, Mt. Pleasant, SC 29464 tel (843) 856-0561 fax (843) 856-3164 / www.nauticalaviation.com Guidelines for Submissions to Virginia Libraries 1. Virginia Libraries seeks to publish articles and reviews of interest to the library community in Virginia. Articles reporting research, library programs and events, and opinion pieces are all considered for publication. Queries are encouraged. Brief announcements and press releases should be directed to the VLA Newsletter. 2. While e-mail submissions are preferred (in the body of the message, or as text (.txt) attachments), manuscripts may be submitted as text files on 3.5-inch computer disks. VLA holds the copyright on all articles published in Virginia Libraries. Unpublished articles will be returned within one year. 3. Illustrations, particularly monochrome images and drawings, are encouraged and should be submitted when- ever appropriate to accompany a manuscript. Illustrations will be returned if requested in advance. 4. The names, titles, affiliations, addresses, and e-mail addresses of all authors should be included with each sub- mission. Including this information constitutes agreement by the author(s) to have this information appear with the article and to be contacted by readers of Virginia Libraries. 5. Bibliographic notes should appear at the end of the manuscript and should conform to the latest edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. 6. Articles should be 750-3000 words. 7. Submit e-mail manuscripts to email@example.com. 8. Virginia Libraries is published quarterly: Jan/Feb/Mar (no. 1); Apr/May/June (no. 2); July/Aug/Sept (no. 3); and Oct/Nov/Dec (no. 4). Contact the editor for submission timelines. VL OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 5 Managing Team Excellence in Times of Change by Andrew Sanderbeck W past hour? hat are the latest changes taking place in your library this month, this week, today, or in the work habits, increased tardiness and absences, a greater focus on being right instead of doing what is best for the team, and an increased resistance to change. Budget Cuts? Patriot Act Issues? Because team members feel like Personnel Changes and/or Short- they are losing control of their ages? More Technological Break- work lives, interpersonal throughs? Staff Members Acting relationships among em- Out? ployees and with their Need I list more? patrons can become As I was told on the first day of visibly strained and my new job as a sales and service stretched. representative for Continental Air- I used to hang a sign lines: “The only constant around in my office to help me here is change. If you can’t embrace to remember where ru- change, you won’t last very long.” mors come from: I actually lasted about five years. Partial Information Historically, change in the + My Assumption workplace is a disruptor of team ef- = False Information ficiency and productivity, especially when the changes have to do with Are you tired of dealing with money or people. It’s really no one’s the symptoms of the rumor fault, though. You see, fear of the mill? Are your team’s measurable unknown affects almost everyone, and change can bring out insecurity issues within your team members. Your challenges as someone who Andrew Sanderbeck manages teams include: what to do is an expert who to calm the fears of your people speaks and works and how to stop them from mak- with libraries expe- ing assumptions about what will riencing team and happen next. team development Did you ever notice how the challenges. He is number of rumors concerning Listen for the heartbeat also the publisher workplace issues dramatically in- of the Library~Connect Newsletter, a creases when team members fear of the team — that free, monthly, subscriber-only e-letter “the unknown?” My guess is that for library management. Comments you are noticing them. Once the synergetic energy regarding this article are appreciated. rumors have begun, fear based be- that is the rhythm Phone Andrew at 727-526-4620, haviors from your team members or send comments and subscribe will follow. These behaviors can of their success. to his e-letter by email at Andrew@ show up as missed deadlines, lazy andrewsanderbeck.com. PAGE 6 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 productivity outcomes dropping know.” If their answer is, “I hadn’t more than you? Ask questions with fast while your frustration level is noticed,” then take a look in the measurable data, which prompt an- starting to peak? Here are a few sug- mirror at a possible source of the swers that are possible solutions to gestions from Three-Step Team Tune- problem. Part of your responsibil- the situation. Up Process™, a team development ity is to make sure that everyone Better Question: “John, I’ve no- strategy I developed: knows how the library is function- ticed that our pages are three days ing. Discourage any blaming and behind in re-shelving our books. 1) Stop, Look and most important- focus your questions on measur- What do you suggest we do differ- ly … Listen. Listen to what your able results, not mysterious circum- ently to solve the problem?” team members are saying and not John: “I think we fell behind saying. Give this your full atten- when Judy was out sick last week. I tion. Listen for the heartbeat of the Discourage any blaming suggest we get a few people to work team — that synergetic energy that two extra hours each day until is the rhythm of their success. Lis- ten also for … their fears. What are and focus your questions we’re caught up.” they afraid of? Hint: What do they on measurable results…. Managing team excellence in times feel like they can’t control in their of change requires you to diagnose work life? Start there … and you’ll problems, dispel false rumors, find their fears. monitor morale and productivity, stances. Whenever possible, ask and most importantly communi- 2) Ask yourself, “What has changed open-ended questions that prompt cate what is going on in their work internally with the way the team an answer that is more than a one- world. Information empowers functions?” Is there a new team to-five word response. Here are a teams. A lack of information causes member in place? Are there new few sample questions: fear. procedures and policies that have No Results Question: “John, I don’t Finally this golden nugget from been put into effect? Have the know why the pages aren’t getting my experiences: If you don’t tell words “budget cut” been circulat- the books shelved in a timely man- them what’s going on … someone ing through the building? ner. It’s a mystery to me … what else will. 3) Meet one on one with team about you?” Well, actually … someone will members. Ask them why they John: “Gee, I don’t know either!” tell them what they heard plus think productivity is dropping, and John is going to believe it is their interpretation of what it listen to what they believe to be a mystery if you do. You’re the means. Then you’ll really have the truth. Do not accept, “I don’t boss … so how should he know your work to do! VL OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 7 One Book, One City, One Great Experience! by Candice Michalik I n early 2002, energized by an idea and a few dedicated people, the Lynchburg Public Library launched the first “Lynch- burg Reads” citywide reading pro- ford the $10,000 fee, but with a few partners it just might be possible. We decided to apply for grants and to seek other creative ways of fund- ing his appearance. I had never gram. On the whole we considered applied for a grant, so I decided to the program, featuring John Stein- look on this task as a learning ex- beck’s Of Mice and Men, a success. perience. With help from The “How The book was chosen because 2002 To” Grants Manual by David G. Bau- was Steinbeck’s centenary, and we er and from my director, we applied learned a local high school would for four grants. Then Randolph- be presenting the play. We in- Macon Woman’s College stepped cluded book discussions, movie in and offered to partner with screenings and discussions, and us. James McBride would ap- a lecture and slide show by Stein- pear as part of the “Lynchburg beck scholar Susan Shillinglaw. Reads” events and also as part The library’s copies of the books of the college’s Black History checked out about 300 times; Celebration. The college would local bookstores sold over 400 help publicize the event, as copies. Over 500 people partic- well as offer a venue for the ipated in the activities, includ- free public performance and ing the 375 people who saw a help with funding. local high school’s production. Waiting to hear if our grant This year, building on that suc- applications would be funded cess, we grew more ambitious. A A superbly written seemed to take forever, but in De- committee that included librarians, cember 2002 we received a $2,500 teachers, a former school-board story of love, hope, grant from the Greater Lynchburg member, a bookstore owner, and Community Trust. Then the un- members of the Friends of the Li- and inspiration…. expected happened: We received brary met in August 2002 to choose an unsolicited $1,000 grant from the book for “Lynchburg Reads Frito Lay. The daughter of one of 2003.” We all agreed a contempo- bestseller list and was an American the Friends of the Library board rary book would be best, and James Library Association Notable Book members had applied for the grant McBride’s The Color of Water quick- of the Year for 1996. Since many for us and didn’t tell us about it ly became the front-runner. Among on the committee had already read until the grant was awarded. What the arguments for the book was the the book, it didn’t take long for us a wonderful thing to do! We re- fact that it appealed to a wide range to reach a consensus that this was ceived another $500 grant from of ages, races, and religions — some- the book we should encourage the thing we felt was important in a community to read in 2003. community-wide reading selection. Upon researching the author, Candice Michalik is a Reference Librar- A superbly written story of love, we learned that it was possible to ian at Lynchburg Public Library. She hope, and inspiration, it spent over invite him to come to Lynchburg. can be reached at candice.michalik@ two years on the New York Times We knew the library could not af- lynchburgva.gov. PAGE 8 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 the Lynchburg Retail Merchants to explore Judaism. A librarian mailed 1500 announcements to Association, and our Friends of from Randolph-Macon Woman’s their constituency. Combining all the Library group also provided College agreed to give a program of this with the newspaper cover- $500. Randolph-Macon Woman’s on “Telling Stories: Collecting and age, Web-page coverage, library- College, with the help of an anony- Preserving Family Folklore,” and newsletter coverage, and a banner mous donor, provided the rest. the local Rabbi agreed to give a pro- hanging in the library, our program If we were to encourage our gram on “Ten Questions People Ask did not lack for publicity. citizens to read The Color of Water, about Judaism.” Without a doubt, the author then it was important for us to With a program in place, we appearance was the capstone to make enough copies available to needed to get the word out to the the program. For the program to them. We increased the library’s community. We sent letters to all succeed, this event had to succeed. number of copies of the book to local, high school, English teach- And it did! James McBride’s agents 33, which was just about perfect for ers and about forty of the largest were a pleasure to work with. They our particular system. We shelved churches, suggesting the book for allowed us to suggest what it was most of the copies in the adult that we wanted Mr. McBride to do section of our main library, but that day. They answered all our we also had copies in the young questions promptly and were very adult section and at our downtown We couldn’t have asked helpful. We did hit one small snag: branch. At times all of the books for more support from About a week before he was to ap- were checked out, but the holds list pear in Lynchburg, we learned that never got above three people, and the newspapers. James McBride was scheduled to fly most of those didn’t have to wait into Richmond, about a three-hour more than a day or two. drive away. With the added travel We feel strongly that book dis- youth groups. The public schools time, he wouldn’t have time for all cussions should be an integral part responded enthusiastically by buy- of his planned activities. So we re- of a citywide reading program. ing 100 copies of the book and booked him to fly into Charlottes- The library scheduled both an having senior English classes read ville, and everything ran smoothly. afternoon and an evening discus- it over the Christmas holidays. Since James McBride is an sion group, and one of the library The local newspapers provided us award-winning jazz musician as staff volunteered to go to a local with great publicity. One of the well as an author, we invited his retirement community to host a Lifestyle reporters wrote an article band to come as well. This gave us book discussion there. As they did for the Sunday paper on James Mc- a wider audience. Readers came to last year, local bookstores offered Bride and “Lynchburg Reads” and see James McBride the author; jazz their support. Three local stores included our “Lynchburg Reads” aficionados came to hear James agreed to host a total of four book schedule in the article. Two of the McBride and the band. All were discussion groups. Daytime, eve- paper’s columnists mentioned both thrilled! On the afternoon of the ning, and Saturday groups were set the author and the program in their performance, the group arrived at a up in order to reach the greatest columns. And our local weekly pa- local high school at around 1:30. Af- number of people. per devoted its entire center section ter his plane trip and the 90-minute For something special like to Lynchburg Reads. We couldn’t drive to Lynchburg, James McBride “Lynchburg Reads,” we felt that have asked for more support from was first entertained by the high there needed to be more than just the newspapers. school’s jazz ensemble, following book discussions and an author Thanks to the creativity of the which he spoke with the students. appearance. We decided to explore staff in the city’s Office of Commu- One of the teachers said that he some themes of the book in two nications, we have an eye-catching was great with the students: he additional programs. I contacted logo that can be used year after established an instant rapport and Karen Ganske, the director of the year. That office also designed fly- had them in the palm of his hand. Nampa Public Library in Idaho, as ers and bookmarks for us, printed Their schedule was non-stop after Nampa had chosen The Color of with the “Lynchburg Reads” that. Following the high school Water as their citywide book last schedule. We kept some flyers for visit, it was time to sign books at year. Ms. Ganske was kind enough library distribution and took oth- the Randolph-Macon Woman’s to send me a copy of their “Nampa ers to local bookstores. This year College bookstore. After signing Reads” brochure. Borrowing ideas Randolph-Macon Woman’s Col- over 100 of his books, Mr. McBride from Nampa, we decided on a fam- lege provided posters announcing and the three band members had ily folklore program and a program James McBride’s appearance, and dinner with a small group of Black OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 9 students and alumni at the college. its book discussion. The library’s noon program to about 25 people. Dinner with the students was not discussion held the day after Mr. After eliciting ten questions about originally on the group’s schedule. McBride’s visit attracted only four. Judaism from the audience and He had asked to meet with them, Actually there were five, but the answering each of them in his talk, and it was decided that the already fifth participant had thought that he opened the floor to more ques- planned dinner would be a perfect James McBride would be at the dis- tions. What we expected to take way to meet and chat. Then came cussion and when she found out he about an hour took just over two as the public performance. wouldn’t, she left. It seems that no he eagerly and patiently answered The evening was so exciting for matter how you word press releases, questions from all who asked. The those of us who had been working there will be someone to interpret audience left with a better under- on “Lynchburg Reads” for so many them incorrectly. We were disap- standing and appreciation for Juda- months. People kept pouring into pointed in the low turnout at the ism thanks to Rabbi Gutherz. the auditorium — Black people, library’s book discussions but hope How many people read The white people, young people, old next year to choose a book that the Color of Water? It’s impossible to people, men, women, book-lovers, get an exact figure, but the library’s jazz-lovers … you get the picture. 33 copies of the book circulated The eighth-grade class of a local about 175 times and are still be- private school all read the book Lynchburg has shown it’s ing checked out. In addition the and attended the performance en a win-win situation for audio version circulated 17 times. masse. Over 600 people packed the Most local bookstores report a hall. And what a performance! all who are involved…. dramatic increase in sales. Close to After the introductions, and the 500 copies of the book were sold Mayor’s proclamation that March in Lynchburg in the months sur- 18, 2003 was “James McBride Day,” library’s regular book group has not rounding the event. That’s a lot of Mr. McBride took the stage. With already discussed and, therefore, reading! a wonderful sense of humor and have a ready-made group for at Based on our experiences, I enchanting storytelling manner, least one of the discussions! would encourage any library con- he told us about his family, inter- Our two programs that exam- sidering the one city-one book idea weaving his narrative with read- ined themes from the book drew to go for it! There are lists of books ings from the book. Toward the a good number of people for a city other libraries have chosen at vari- end of his hour-long talk he sat of our size. Frances Webb, a refer- ous Web sites, or just go ahead and at the piano and made a seamless ence librarian at Randolph-Macon pick one that strikes a chord with transition into a performance with Woman’s College, gave an excel- your community. In the past two the band. With James McBride on lent presentation on developing years, Lynchburg has shown it’s a saxophone, the quartet, composed your own family history. Besides win-win situation for all who are of pianist, bassist, and drummer, earning a library degree, Mrs. Webb involved — increased library check- played a number of lively, crowd- did graduate work in folklore and outs, increased bookstore sales, pleasing jazz selections for about oral history at the University of increased recognition for everyone half an hour. North Carolina at Chapel Hill. involved. And although we can After a long day of speaking and Each spring she teaches a popular count the book checkouts, sales, book signing, many people would course at the college called “Ameri- and attendance figures, some things want to retire to their hotel rooms, can Folklore and Folk Life.” Her can’t be measured. How many but James McBride stayed after- credentials made her perfect for “new” readers have we reached? ward and talked to individuals and a talk on family stories. To the 18 How many young people have signed books and CD’s. We could people present she gave detailed been inspired by James McBride? not have asked for a better author suggestions for interviewing family We may not have exact numbers, to represent “Lynchburg Reads.” members and provided the audi- but we know it happened. VL We hoped that the enthusiasm ence with a handout containing generated by James McBride’s ap- helpful suggestions and a bibliog- pearance would carry over to the raphy. One audience member was other events we had scheduled. heard to say she wanted to go right On the whole, we think it did, away and interview some of her although programs met with vary- older relatives. Rabbi Tom Gutherz ing degrees of success. One of the of Lynchburg’s Agudath Shalom local bookstores had 26 people at Congregation presented his after- PAGE 10 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 Active Recruitment Within Academic Libraries by Andrew Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer L ibrarians currently in the early stages of their careers are acutely aware of a major challenge we will face — the loom- ing shortage of librarians. Many of ians and its solution demands grass roots action. Our group of rela- tively new librarians has responded by promoting librarianship to the student population at our home exams and intensive periods of study. The time was late in the af- ternoon during the typical dinner hour. We offered a window of two hours, which allowed students the our older colleagues will retire in institution. The idea originated at freedom to stop by after leaving the years ahead and our schools are the American Library Association class or immediately after dinner. not producing enough graduates to Annual Conference in Atlanta in We made the session informal in replace retirees. The age-old “im- 2002. At that time we began to order to make the atmosphere as age” problem, exacerbated by low explore the possible recruitment inviting as possible, and picked a salaries for librarians, discourages central location on campus along college students from considering a main thoroughfare in order to librarianship as a career, if they make the event highly visible and even think of it as an option. The library funded easy to find. The library funded The American Library Asso- snacks and beverages, as snacks and beverages, as often- ciation projects that 2009 will be a times refreshments do wonders to pivotal year for librarianship as re- oftentimes refreshments increase attendance! tirement and other career changes When deciding on the session’s will result in nearly 25% of librar- do wonders to increase content, we explored each partici- ians exiting the workplace.1 Library attendance! pating librarian’s background and literature has also closely docu- strengths. Two of the librarians, mented this trend as well as the our Music Librarian and Social Sci- need for active recruitment within ences Librarian, have public library all types of libraries. The February opportunities that exist on our experience. The Social Sciences 1, 2003 issue of Library Journal fea- campus of approximately 4,000 Librarian has also worked in a cor- tured several articles focusing on undergraduate, graduate, and pro- porate and school library. Our Head recruitment. In his article “Tack- fessional students. After a planning of Bibliographic Access Services ling Recruitment,” Michael Rogers meeting, we decided to offer an in- worked as a health sciences librar- outlines the need for libraries to formal miniature career fair where ian and library services representa- utilize the personnel resources we would meet with interested tive and was able to provide insight already present within our institu- students and discuss the evolving into work as a library vendor. Our tions. Creative solutions include world of information science and internships for students, active re- librarianship. cruitment of paraprofessionals, and Our planning meetings focused Andrew Morton, Linda Fairtile, Rachel following the successful practices upon structure and logistics of the Frick, Lisa Scott, and Keith Weimer are li- of other professions.2 event, content and information to brarians at the University of Richmond. A recent article in College & be presented, collaboration and Email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Research Libraries News also high- advertising efforts, and distribution email@example.com, lights recruitment and retention as of responsibilities. We selected a firstname.lastname@example.org, one of the most important issues date and time that fit well into the email@example.com, and academic libraries must recognize typical undergraduate schedule. firstname.lastname@example.org. and address.3 This issue is of great The date was mid-way through Special thanks to Renee Morton and concern to all professional librar- the spring semester to avoid final Jim Rettig for editorial contributions. OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 11 Young librarians at the University of Richmond actively recruit the next generation. Government Information Librarian explore programs of interest and in other fields. We also worked with talked about librarianship at the obtain additional information. the Career Development Center so federal and state level. The Head To advertise the program we sent students seeking career information of Access and Delivery Services also out multiple announcements on a there would be aware of the upcom- contributed and discussed some of campus wide email distributed daily ing session. the technological aspects of library to alert faculty, staff, and students During the event we placed a service. Our goal was to provide the to upcoming campus events. Two whiteboard outside the room ad- attendees with a broad perspective messages were sent. The first was re- vertising the session inside. We also of the employment opportunities leased two weeks prior to the event, posted greeters outside to encour- they can pursue upon completion and the second was sent the day age people to visit. Librarians in- of a Master’s degree in Library and before as a reminder. Within these side the room welcomed attendees. Information Science. messages, we advertised a website Upon entering, attendees signed a For additional content and ma- we created with links to numerous registration sheet and listed their terials, we contacted several schools recruitment and informational sites. email addresses, which we used of library and information science We later decided to maintain the later to thank them for coming, to and requested brochures and other website as an ongoing recruitment re-advertise our website, and to en- recruitment materials to distribute tool and occasionally re-advertise courage them to forward any ques- during the event. Most of the pro- the link. We also drafted a message tions they might have. We chose grams responded and one offered that our library liaisons forwarded round tables for the session so that to have a representative on hand. to the faculty of the academic de- everyone present would be encour- To preserve the informal nature partments with whom they work. aged to participate and ask ques- of our program we declined this We asked the faculty to advertise tions. The discussions focused upon offer. We placed all handouts on this event to their students and the role each librarian plays on our an information table at the room’s encourage attendance, especially campus, his or her background entrance. The brochures gave the those within the humanities who and experience, and ideas on the attendees further opportunity to typically pursue additional degrees future of library and information PAGE 12 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 science. We also talked with the returned to complete their bach- future library service that librarians attendees about their backgrounds elor degrees. In addition, we will actively recruit the next genera- and ideas for future careers and em- utilize further technological tools tion of librarians. As many current ployment. Two paraprofessionals such as displaying the PowerPoint articles suggest, recruitment-from- at our institution, both currently inside and outside the room dur- within efforts can be successful pursuing their master’s degrees ing the event to encourage more given that most paraprofessionals in library science, also attended. attendance. and student employees are already They provided the attendees with If you are interested in holding interested in libraries. In addition their unique perspectives as library a similar session, we encourage you to promoting information science school students. Throughout the to meet with the staff of your career to those already within our library, session, we displayed a PowerPoint development to discuss successful we are also introducing career slide show that ran automatically possibilities to our institution’s in the background giving the at- student population. To learn more tendees supplementary details and about our recruitment efforts, websites, including our own, where We chose round tables please visit our website at: http: they could obtain additional infor- for the session so that //oncampus.richmond.edu/is/ mation via the Internet. library/recruit. Six students, of whom four were everyone present student employees within the li- braries, attended. Two of these stu- would be encouraged Footnotes dents have since graduated and will to participate…. be attending library school, and a 1 American Library Association, third is considering the possibility. ALA Town Hall Meeting: Recruitment The other students in attendance @ Your Library, [Online] available are interested but are still early in recruitment techniques. Work with from http://www.ala.org/Content/ their undergraduate work. After the the library schools within your area NavigationMenu/Education_and_ event we met to evaluate the suc- or region to obtain materials and Careers/Recruitment/ALA_Town_ cess of the recruitment session and any other recruitment ideas they Hall_Meeting__Recruitment_@_ discuss possible changes. We intend may offer. We also suggest tapping Your_Library_Summary.htm; ac- to hold another session this coming the distinctive talents and abilities cessed 07 May 2003; Internet. academic year. We are exploring of the librarians at your institution. 2 Rogers, Michael. “Tackling various ideas before the next event Identify those who will provide var- Recruitment.” Library Journal 128 such as pursing additional advertis- ied perspectives for the attendees at (February 2003): 42. ing and possibly visiting classes to your event. Also remember that of- 3 Hisle, W. “Top Issues Facing announce the event. We will also fering refreshments is a wonderful Academic Libraries.” College and Re- target our non-traditional student incentive. search Libraries News 63 (November population, of whom many have It is important for the success of 2002): 714. VL OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 13 Remembering Mary Ann Harmon by Robert E. Wagenknecht M ary Ann Harmon, President of the Friends of the Ches- terfield County Public Library and past Chairman of the Board cluded a bookmark contest and a major essay contest which at- tracted more than 500 students and resulted in publication of an anthology of winning es- of the Library of Virginia, passed says, as well as a presentation away on April 12, 2003. She is to the Board of Supervisors. worthy of being remembered The essay contest was finan- by those of us connected with cially supported by a generous libraries; for nearly two decades corporation. Other celebrations she devoted her life to the im- included participation with provement and support of public a major retail bookstore. She libraries in Chesterfield County created a Library Ambassador and in the Commonwealth. Awards Program to recognize in- When she moved to Ches- dividuals and corporations who terfield County in 1983 she was had made significant gifts to the determined to do something she library; to the surprise of no one had not had time to do before. “I the Friends Board saw to it that wanted to give back to the com- Mary Ann was honored by her munity” she is quoted as saying own program. in a 1998 Richmond Times-Dis- Organizing and managing patch article. Fortunately for skills were second nature to us she focused her interest on Mary Ann. One does not raise public libraries. In her advocacy the Friends annual budget from for libraries she said “there is $2,500 to more than $90,000 nothing more American than without an ample supply of public libraries. Besides being both. She always did her paper- one of our best spent tax dollars, Ann’s mind and she was an indefat- work and communicated. She was they are barrier free and abound igable worker. Mary Ann’s twenty- anxious for the Friends to do the with opportunities for education, three years of business experience kinds of things that would benefit entertainment, and adventure. in public relations was of great ben- the library. She always sought out Public libraries serve people of all efit to the library. She approached the best ideas and did not rely sole- ages and backgrounds without her work, or rather her passion, ly on her own, as evidenced by her discrimination.” In the same article with unbounded flair, enthusiasm, engaging Virginia Commonwealth the reporter quickly caught sight and imagination. She had an eye University to undertake an orga- of Mary Ann’s soul when he said, for what would attract attention nization assessment of the Friends “what drives her is the notion that for the Friends and for the library. with focus on membership and if a young person discovers read- She never missed an opportunity corporate fund raising. ing, that person is sure to be a life- to discuss the library’s needs be- Working with Mary Ann was a long reader.” Her interest in library fore the Board of Supervisors, who delight. She enjoyed mixing with services to young people came as always held her in the highest es- no surprise to those of us who had teem. She reveled in celebrations. the privilege of working with Mary The 25th anniversary of the Friends Dr. Robert E. Wagenknecht was Director Ann. She truly had the heart of a was perhaps her most noteworthy of the Chesterfield County Public Library dedicated librarian. and sustained public relations ef- from May, 1982 until his retirement in The library was always on Mary fort. Activities lasted a year and in- February, 2002. PAGE 14 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 staff, both socially and over work issues, and staff enjoyed being with her. She and other members of the Friends always attended and participated in annual staff days, which the Friends supported finan- cially. She was modest concerning her own accomplishments. She worked to promote the Friends and the library and not herself. When Mary Ann was honored by the Eckerd Corporation for her outstanding public service a news reporter noted that she “was pleased to have light shine on the accomplishments of the group but deflected it from herself. ‘It’s not my personal achievement. It’s for all the people who work for librar- ies who love the written word,’ she said. ‘There are 400 people stand- ing behind me’ who comprise the Friends of the Chesterfield County Library.” Yet Mary Ann was widely recog- nized for her successful advocacy of public libraries. In addition to awards already mentioned the Chesterfield Friends under her leadership received recognition for outstanding service and achieve- ment from the Virginia Library As- sociation in 1993, 1994, and 1998. In 1995 Mary Ann received the first annual Friends of Virginia Librar- ies Award for Individual Achieve- ment, and in 1999 she received the Virginia Public Library Directors Association Award for Outstand- ing Library Friend. The Library of Virginia Board passed a resolution honoring Mary Ann “for her vol- unteerism in support of the Com- was formally recognized by resolu- and as President of the Friends of monwealth’s public libraries,” and tion of the Board of The Library of Virginia Libraries, 2001–2003. the Virginia Library Association’s Virginia. I know the library community Volunteer Management Forum In addition to serving as Presi- throughout Virginia shares my honored Mary Ann with its Spe- dent of the Chesterfield Friends great personal loss at Mary Ann’s cial Volunteer Recognition Award from 1986 until her death, Mary passing. She was an informed, 2000. Perhaps the award of which Ann was appointed in 1997 by powerful, savvy, and politically as- she was most proud, however, was Governor George Allen to a five- tute ally in our quest to bring qual- the naming of the new La Prade year term on The Library of Vir- ity library service to the citizens of Library the “Mary Ann Harmon ginia Board, the fourth year of Chesterfield County and the Com- Building” by the Chesterfield Board which she served as Chairman. She monwealth. Though of average of Supervisors in recognition of also served as Board representative stature physically she stood head her many achievements, which act to the Virginia Center for the Book and shoulders above us all. VL OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 15 Virginia Reviews Reviews prepared by staff members of the Library of Virginia Sara B. Bearss, Editor Kevin R. Hardwick and bell County family during the early Warren R. Hofstra, eds. Vir- republic. Elizabeth R. Varon’s path- ginia Reconsidered: New His- breaking essay on Lucy Maria John- tories of the Old Dominion. son Barbour’s leadership of a Whig Charlottesville and London: Uni- ladies’ association intent on erect- versity of Virginia Press, 2003. ing in Richmond a statue to Henry ix + 459 pp. $29.50 (softcover). Clay restores Virginia women to the It has been twenty-six years equation of nineteenth-century po- since the appearance of the last litical culture, and Elna C. Green’s full-length history of Virginia, Lou- These carefully selected study of the Virginia campaign for is D. Rubin’s Virginia: A Bicentennial essays paint a rich woman’s suffrage brings the story History (1977), and thirty-two since into the twentieth century. Virginius Dabney published his and vibrant portrait Stephen V. Ash’s 1990 essay em- heavily political Virginia, the New phasizes the “disruption, upheaval, Dominion (1971). While we await of Virginia’s past…. and partisan conflict” experienced John d’Entremont’s and Peter C. HARDWICK & HOFSTRA REVIEW by white Virginians living under Stewart’s state histories, Virginia Federal occupation during the Civil Reconsidered: New Histories of the War. Essays by Deborah A. Lee and Old Dominion fills an important gap Warren R. Hofstra, on the murder on the library bookshelf. This col- (1609–1614) and continues with of a Frederick County physician in lection of fourteen essays, all pre- Edmund S. Morgan’s 1972 presiden- May 1818 by three of his slaves, viously published in other forms tial address to the Organization of and by Fred A. Bailey, on efforts of and venues, brings together pivotal American Historians on the simul- Lost Cause sympathizers to perpet- scholarship addressing issues in Vir- taneous rise in the Virginia colony uate Confederate values through ginia history writ large from 1609 of liberty and equality on the one control of textbooks used in Vir- to 1960. The individual authors hand and of slavery on the other, ginia schools, address important focus not on the well-known pub- a chapter from Darrett B. Rutman questions about historical memory. lic names and big public events and Anita H. Rutman’s pioneering The volume closes with essays by but on broad subjects of race, 1984 study of Middlesex County Gregory Michael Dorr on the teach- gender, class, ethnicity, religion, during the colonial period, Jack ing of eugenics at the University of and conflict. Taken together, the P. Greene’s classic 1976 essay on Virginia and by J. Douglas Smith essays, in the words of the editors’ the political culture of eighteenth- on state delegate Armistead Lloyd perceptive introduction, “focus on century Virginia, Woody Holton’s Boothe and the politics of modera- the projection of power within and thought-provoking 1997 article tion during Massive Resistance. across Virginia society” and restore on how class conflict transformed These carefully selected essays to the historical stage the cast of elite white Virginians into revo- paint a rich and vibrant portrait of thousands whose roles have tradi- lutionaries, and Jan Lewis’s 1993 Virginia’s past and provide a focused tionally provided only background essay “‘The Blessings of Domestic snapshot of the best scholarship on for the big-name, usually political, Society’: Thomas Jefferson’s Family stars. and the Transformation of Ameri- Virginia Reconsidered opens with can Politics.” Thomas E. Buckley, Sara B. Bearss is senior editor of the J. Frederick Fausz’s 1990 essay on S.J., provides a case study of class Dictionary of Virginia Biography, the First Anglo-Powhatan War and power in an interracial Camp- published by the Library of Virginia. PAGE 16 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 Virginia history written during the seemed to fall out of the grasp of Jeffrey Ruggles. The Un- past twenty-five years. Virginia Re- the landed elite into which Tucker boxing of Henry Brown. considered would be an ideal book had married, and he and his sons Richmond: The Library of of readings in any college-level Vir- and sons-in-law who followed the Virginia, 2003. xv + 232 ginia or southern history class. law were unable to retain their hold pp. $25.00 (hardcover). — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se- on public affairs in the changed On 23 March 1849 Samuel Smith nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia world of the nineteenth century. shipped a box from Richmond, Biography Less prosperous, less well respected, Virginia, to James Miller McKim, and disillusioned, Tucker and the resident agent of the Pennsylvania members of his extended family Anti-Slavery Society, in Philadel- Phillip Hamilton. The Mak- who retained an interest in public phia. Inside was a man named ing and Unmaking of a Revo- affairs were unable to accept the de- Henry Brown, and the box served lutionary Family: The Tuck- mocratizing of Virginia and Ameri- as the vehicle for his dramatic es- ers of Virginia, 1752–1830. ca. They longed for an earlier time cape from slavery. He became for- Jeffersonian America Series. Jan El- when landed gentlemen lived inde- ever known as Henry Box Brown. len Lewis, Peter S. Onuf, and James pendent of the masses and directed In The Unboxing of Henry Brown, Horn, Series Editors. Charlottesville their own affairs and the colony’s Jeffrey Ruggles puts Brown’s har- and London: University of Virginia as well, thriving on well-regulated rowing journey to freedom into the Press, 2003. xii + 250 pp. $35.00 context of his life and puts Brown’s (hardcover). life into the context of the times in Part family history, part Virginia which he lived. history, and part American history, He devised a plan to Born in Louisa County about this well-written volume by the 1815, Brown suffered his first re- ship himself in a box Christopher Newport University corded separation from family at historian Phillip Hamilton treats north to freedom…. age fifteen when he was sent to the extended family of St. George Richmond to work in a tobacco Tucker, who immigrated to Virginia RUGGLES REVIEW factory. He was able to take advan- from Bermuda shortly before the tage of the opportunities of urban American Revolution and became slavery and managed to save some a planter, an attorney, a judge, and extended families of persons with money. He married, had children, a law professor. A member of a far- similar interests and responsibili- and had a home. But in 1848 his flung Bermuda family of influence ties. St. George Tucker, his stepson wife and children were sold south, and talent, he tried to re-create in John Randolph of Roanoke, and his and Brown suffered a second rend- Virginia the close-knit family ties sons Henry St. George Tucker and ing of his family. Brown determined that had served his ancestors well. Nathaniel Beverley Tucker became that he would escape from the Marriage into the Randolph family profoundly influential exemplars world that had twice destroyed his allied him with several of Virginia’s of southerners who could not ad- family through the capriciousness great families, and a second mar- just to the modern America. They and greed of slave owners. He de- riage into the Skipwith family were among the first Virginians to vised a plan to ship himself in a box deepened his connections with the decide, not long after the War of north to freedom, and he secured landed leadership of eighteenth- 1812, that union with the northern the help of a sympathetic white century Virginia. states was not sustainable, and they storekeeper named Samuel Smith. Times changed, though, and low were influential in ways not yet ful- Smith traveled to Philadelphia tobacco prices, scarce land, and ly appreciated in leading the next and arranged for James Miller limited opportunities left Tucker’s generation of southern politicians McKim, of the Pennsylvania Anti- male children and stepchildren to the same conclusions. Slavery Society, to receive Brown’s with few opportunities to succeed This excellent study is both emi- box. Despite McKim’s hesitancy, as planters. Following Tucker’s nently readable and educational, Smith shipped Brown north on the advice, most chose to pursue the and it is an important contribution morning of 23 March 1849. Crated law as their profession. In the new to understanding the dynamics in a box with not much more than economy and the new politics of of leadership and of family life in some water, crackers, and small air the early national period, almost Virginia following the American holes, Brown endured a twenty- nothing went as Tucker planned Revolution. four-hour trip by rail and boat, and hoped. Direction of public — reviewed by Brent Tarter, Editor, often upside down. At least once affairs and of their own destinies Dictionary of Virginia Biography his box was almost left behind, OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 17 saved only by the fact it was an versity of Virginia Press, 2003. xi + southern press to the concept of express shipment. When the box 263 pp. $49.50 (hardcover); $18.50 honor that impelled Grant to such reached McKim the next morning, (softcover). action as well as the acceptability McKim was relieved to find Brown In this well-researched book, of the jury’s verdict of not guilty. alive and jubilant to have reached Richard F. Hamm, associate profes- Northern papers expressed dismay freedom. sor of history at the University at that justice and the law were subju- Because of the nature of his Albany, State University of New gated by the concepts of honor and escape from slavery, Brown im- York, looks at nineteenth- and chivalry. mediately became a sensation on twentieth-century Virginia culture The tension between honor and the abolitionist circuit. He shared as seen through the pages of the law is addressed in similar detail lecture stages with other prominent local, regional, and national press. in subsequent chapters detail- abolitionists and escaped slaves, in- Using four sensational court cases, ing the trial of J. T. Clark, accused cluding Frederick Douglass. Brown Hamm studies how the concept of murdering John R. Moffett, a developed a panorama show on of honor and its role in the Vir- Baptist minister and advocate of slavery and traveled throughout the ginia judicial system was viewed prohibition, in Danville in 1892; North displaying it to audiences. the Nelson County trial of William When the Fugitive Slave Act was G. Loving, an attorney and legisla- passed as part of the Compromise tor accused of murdering Theodore of 1850, however, Brown knew that Northern papers Estes for “ruining” his daughter in even the North was no longer a safe 1907; and the trial of Edith Max- expressed dismay that place for a prominent escaped slave well, a schoolteacher accused of and that he faced possible recapture justice and the law murdering her father H. T. “Trigg” at any time. He packed up his pan- Maxwell in 1935 in Wise County. orama and traveled to England. were subjugated by Exploring the press coverage of There he remained for about the these four trials, Hamm illuminates the concepts of next twenty-five years of his life. the political and social culture of First he displayed his panorama on honor and chivalry. Virginia and how these values were the English abolitionist and lecture perceived throughout the nation. circuit. But during the American HAMM REVIEW For anyone attempting to gain an Civil War and its aftermath, inter- understanding of the social, legal, est faded. Brown, who had married political, and moral culture of again, became a magician with his throughout the country in the Virginia from late in the 1860s to family as part of his act. In 1875 he press coverage given to each trial. the 1930s, this book is particularly returned to the United States, bring- Divided into four chapters, Mur- enlightening. ing his wife and daughter with him. der, Honor, and Law addresses each — reviewed by Laura E. Drake, State He resuscitated his reputation as case in great detail and describes Records Archivist Henry Box Brown in his advertise- not only the press coverage but ments as they traveled performing also journalistic styles of the time. in the North. Unfortunately, the The first of the cases considered Elizabeth L. O’Leary. From date and circumstances of Brown’s is that of James Grant, accused of Morning to Night: Domestic death are unknown, but Ruggles ambushing a Richmond newspaper Service in Maymont House has provided a keen, informative editor and publisher, Henry Rives and the Gilded Age. Char- biography of a man whose first dis- Pollard, in 1868. Although arrested lottesville and London: University appearing act was his greatest. shortly after the killing with several of Virginia Press, 2003. xiv + 182 — reviewed by Trenton E. Hizer, guns in a rented room across the pp. $27.95 (hardcover). Private Papers Archivist street from where Pollard lay dead, In From Morning to Night, author Grant was eventually found by a Elizabeth L. O’Leary continues her jury to be not guilty of the crime research into domestic service. Richard F. Hamm. Mur- because he had shot Pollard outside Whereas her earlier book, At Beck der, Honor, and Law: Four his newspaper office in response to and Call (1996), examined repre- Virginia Homicides from a compromising article published sentations of domestic servants Reconstruction to the Great about his sister. Relying on nu- in nineteenth-century American Depression. The American South Se- merous newspaper accounts from paintings, O’Leary, in the current ries. Edward L. Ayers, Series Editor. across the country, Hamm shows volume, draws from her work with Charlottesville and London: Uni- the reaction of the northern and Maymont to tackle the social his- PAGE 18 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 tory of African Americans in do- that African Americans were grate- ers left few papers, several left mestic service after the Civil War ful for the benefits of slavery and children and nieces and nephews and emancipation. From Morning the whites’ lack of understanding who remember life working in the to Night results from the develop- of the African American need for Dooley house. ment of an exhibition at Maymont, independence through improved Illustrations are grouped together a house museum operated by the business and educational opportu- to divide the story between upstairs Maymont Foundation, in Rich- nities. O’Leary then explores the and downstairs. The lack of a floor mond, that will explore the lives of life of Maymont’s domestic servants plan of Maymont makes it difficult the African Americans who made who frequently worked more than for readers not familiar with the life comfortable for Major James H. twelve hours a day, with Thursday house to imagine the spaces. Nev- Dooley and Sallie May Dooley, the afternoons and alternating Sun- ertheless, O’Leary has produced a owners of Maymont. The Dooleys days off. Several positions were readable and enlightening book on built Maymont on the western live-in; others were live out. Nev- an aspect of race relations in late outskirts of Richmond in 1893. nineteenth-century Richmond, and When Sallie Dooley died in 1925, Virginia, that should be interesting three years after her husband, she to students of cultural and social left the house and property to the …days began before history. City of Richmond to be used as dawn and continued — reviewed by Barbara C. Batson, a public park and museum. May- Exhibitions Coordinator mont House opened to the public long after sunset. in 1926 and remained virtually O’LEARY REVIEW untouched until restoration began Virginia’s Civil War in 1970. That effort concentrated on the Dooleys’ rooms and collec- Clint Johnson. In the Footsteps tions rather than the service areas ertheless, days began before dawn of J. E. B. Stuart. Winston-Salem, in the basement and garage. To and continued long after sunset. N.C.: John F. Blair, Publisher, 2003. sustain their lavish lifestyle, the Wages were not luxurious but they xix + 174 pp. $12.95 (softcover). Dooleys employed between seven were steady, although many do- Following up on his series In the and ten people to serve in such mestic servants in the early twen- Footsteps of Robert E. Lee (2001) and positions as butler, second butler, tieth century often supplemented of Stonewall Jackson (2002), Clint cook, kitchen maid, housemaid, their income to make ends meet. Johnson now continues In the Foot- lady’s maid, driver, and laundress. O’Leary unblinkingly describes the steps of J. E. B. Stuart. James Ewell Another twenty people worked un- hardships of domestic service and Brown Stuart, the dashing cavalier der an estate manager to maintain the constant negotiation between of Confederate renown, is perhaps the grounds of the 100-acre estate. employer and employee. She asks best known for his ride around Although most of the Maymont the question about how domestic Union general George B. McClellan workers were African American, servants felt about their employ- during the Seven Days’ Battles in one servant, Emily Lackmiok, was ees. The Dooleys and their kind June 1862. Famous for his plumed from Germany, and three drivers described their relationship with hat, his crimson-lined cloak, and (coachmen/chauffeurs) were white their servants as warm and lov- his love of parties and flirting with men. O’Leary concentrates on the ing. Servants, on the other hand, the ladies, Stuart was also a deeply African American workers. were more ambivalent, although religious man whose reputation From Morning to Night is an up- most focused on their work as a rests as well on his being “a careful stairs and downstairs tale. O’Leary job, nothing more. Finally, O’Leary tactician, a skilled scout, and a bold explores the Dooleys’ life in Gilded provides a biographical directory of fighter.” Johnson follows Stuart’s Age Richmond as James Dooley, an the Dooley employees from 1880 career beginning with John Brown’s attorney, amassed a fortune. For to 1925 with brief, useful biogra- Raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859, the Dooleys, the late nineteenth phies of the main characters. through his service in Virginia and century was a period of a contin- Scant archival evidence hampers his death from a wound suffered at ued expectation of generally Afri- O’Leary, but she makes good use Yellow Tavern in May 1864, and can American servitude to support of oral histories of descendents of then turns to Stuart’s early career the couple’s wealth and status. Sal- Maymont’s domestic workers. The at West Point and in the West and lie Dooley’s only publication, Dem Dooleys’ personal papers were de- Midwest, along with his actions in Good Ole Times (1906), reflected the stroyed after Sallie Dooley’s death, Maryland and Pennsylvania during prevailing white upper-class belief and, although the domestic work- the Gettysburg campaign. OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES PAGE 19 In readable and action-filled This civilian account makes an in- New York during the Gilded Age. prose, Johnson takes the reader to teresting pair with the military di- This dual biography slights Roger all of the extant sites connected ary of his brother, George Quintus Pryor’s peripatetic antebellum with Stuart’s flamboyant career. He Peyton, also edited by Walbrook D. career in journalism and rise to describes Stuart’s activities at each Swank and published as Stonewall prewar political prominence in the place and offers detailed instruc- Jackson’s Foot Cavalry: Company A, Democratic Party in favor of the tions for getting to the sites, along 13th Virginia Infantry (2001). Pryor family’s wartime and postwar with warnings about dangerous — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se- lives. The narrative closely follows traffic and accompanying photo- nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia Sara Pryor’s two engaging mem- graphs of what the traveler will see Biography oirs, Reminiscences of Peace and War on arrival. (1904) and My Day: Reminiscences — reviewed by Emily J. Salmon, John C. Waugh. Surviving the of a Long Life (1909). In fact, in his Copyeditor Confederacy: Rebellion, Ruin, and acknowledgments Waugh thanks Recovery—Roger and Sara Pryor dur- Sara Pryor for her enchanting and Walbrook D. Swank, ed. Eyewit- ing the Civil War. New York, San thorough recollections and avows, ness to War in Virginia, 1861– Diego, and London: Harcourt, Inc., “If she were here I would give her 1865: The Civil War Diary of John 2002. 447 pp. $28.00 (hardcover). a huge hug.” Waugh’s graceful William Peyton. Civil War Heritage Virginian Roger Atkinson Pryor cadence makes this a moving and Series, Volume 16. Shippensburg, (1828–1919) was a newspaper often gripping book, even for those Pa.: Burd Street Press, 2003. xvi + editor, United States and Confed- familiar with the storyline, either 208 pp. $19.95 (softcover). erate congressman, Confederate through Sara Pryor’s writings or As the result of a fall from a rail- brigadier general, and post-Civil through Daniel E. Sutherland’s road trestle in Danville in July 1861, War member of the New York analysis of the couple in their John William Peyton (1839–1914) Supreme Court. His wife Sara Ag- larger context in his Confederate became partially paralyzed from nes Rice Pryor (1830–1912) was Carpetbaggers (1988). A section of the waist down. Unable to enlist in a social leader, founder of the black-and-white illustrations, 1,064 Confederate service, he remained National Society Daughters of the endnotes (distractingly numbered in Rapidan for the duration of the American Revolution, and writer. continuously throughout the book, Civil War and began a diary in June Author John C. Waugh uses the rather than broken up by chapter), 1862. His short, staccato entries lives of this nineteenth-century a thirty-six-page bibliography, and routinely record the weather, local power couple to tell the compelling an index conclude the volume. military action, and the reaction of story of the ways one elite southern — reviewed by Sara B. Bearss, Se- Orange County citizens to events family experienced the Civil War, nior Editor, Dictionary of Virginia on the state and national stages. Reconstruction, and recovery in Biography VL PAGE 20 VIRGINIA LIBRARIES OCTOBER–DECEMBER, 2003 Save May 4, 2004 for ALA Legislative Day! Mark your calendars now. Take this opportunity to talk to your representatives about library issues.
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