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Amelia Earhart Pioneer Female Aviator Earharts Early Life

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					                                        Amelia Earhart:
                                    Pioneer Female Aviator
                                               By Jim Cornish


(1) When people hear the words “female                   took her to the official opening of a new airfield
aviator”, the first name that often comes to             in Long Beach, California. It was here she had
mind is Amelia Earhart.                                  her first airplane ride. It was with a
                                                         barnstormer, as stunt pilot were called then.
Earhart’s Early Life                                     "As soon as we left the ground," she later said,
                                                         "I knew I, myself, had to fly."
(2) Amelia Earhart was born in Atchison,
Kansas on July 24, 1897. She was                         Earhart Become a Pilot
considered a tomboy by many of her
childhood friends because she                              (5) In January, 1921, Earhart began her
dared to do things that girls at the                         one dollar per minute flying lessons at a
turn of the century usually did not                           California flight school. She wasn’t a
do, like climbing trees,                                       “natural” at flying and struggled with
"belly-slamming" her sled in                                     taking off and landing the plane. Many
the snow to start it downhill,                                   landings resulted in accidents, even
and hunting rats with a rifle. As                                when she became an experienced
a young girl, she would often go                                 pilot. By mid-1922, thanks to her
to the local airport with her father                           persistent character, she received her
to watch the planes land and take                              pilot’s license.
off. She vowed that one day she
too would learn to fly. Her desires                             (6) Shortly after getting her license,
and successes, like those of many                                Earhart bought her first airplane. This
ordinary and famous people, came                                 was a remarkable achievement in those
from her childhood dreams.                                       days. Many considered flying a “man’s”
                                                          job, and women were discouraged and rarely
(3) Earhart spent her teenage years in                   supported in their efforts to become pilots. But,
Chicago. In 1919, at the age of                          in her new plane, she made her name known
twenty-two, she began to prepare for                     in aviation circles. She entered many and won
a career in Medicine at a university in                  numerous flying competitions and shows
New York. During World War I, she                        across the United States.
served as a military nurse in Canada.
Despite the demands of her career,                         Earhart Sets Her First Record
she continued to develop her interests
in flying.                                                 (7) In 1927, an America air mail pilot named
                                                         Charles Lindbergh, nicknamed Lindy, set a
(4) Earhart’s first encounter with an airplane           world’s record by becoming the first person to
came on Christmas Day, 1920, when her father             fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. It was an
achievement celebrated around the world.            fuel tank. She felt she would not reach Paris as
Within a year Earhart was invited to become         Lindbergh had done five years earlier. To
the first woman to make the Atlantic crossing       avoid a crash, she made an emergency
by air. A float plane named the Friendship,         landing in an Irish cow pasture. Despite not
flew her and a crew from Trepassey,                 reaching her destination, Earhart had
Newfoundland, to England. The flight through        completed the Atlantic crossing solo. In the
harsh weather, including snow squalls and           process, she had set a new record of thirteen
freezing rain, last 20 hours 40 minutes. She        hours and thirty minutes.
instantly became famous, but she felt she did
not deserve this recognition. After all, she        (10) Like Lindbergh, Earhart received many
reasoned, she was just a passenger and had          awards and lots of attention for her record
not flown the plane                                 flight. The press called her "Lady Lindy". She
                                                    too was tall and slim, with short, wind-swept
Earhart’s Solo Trans-Atlantic                       hair. In fact, she looked so much like Charles
Flight                                                                    Lindbergh she could have
                                                                          passed for his sister. In
(8) As Earhart’s interests                                                writing about the flight,
and abilities became well-                                                Earhart said she had made
known across the United                                                   it to prove that "... women
States, many people                                                       can do most things that a
encouraged her to make                                                    man can do. Not
the Atlantic crossing solo                                                everything,” she added,
too. This achievement                                                     “but certainly jobs requiring
would secure her place in                                                 intelligence, coordination,
aviation history foorever.                                                speed, coolness, and will
On May 20, 1932, the fifth                                                power." It was a lesson that
anniversary of Lindbergh’s trip, Amelia began       would influence hundreds of young women,
her attempt. She set out from a tiny airfield in    even up to today.
Harbour Grace, Newfoundland and headed
towards the eastern horizon. Europe and a
world’s record awaited her.                         Earhart Inspires Many Young
                                                    Women
(9) Earhart’s Atlantic crossing was difficult and
dangerous. She flew her Lockheed Vega, now          (11) By the 1930's, Earhart had accomplished
equipped with a large tank a radio and new          a lot for female pilots. In 1929 she helped
navigation instruments, for the long trip. During   found the “Ninety-Nines,” an international club
the trip she flew through a lightning storm, and    of women pilots and served as its first
once almost crashed into the ocean. Blown off       president from 1930 to 1932. She used every
course and battling strong winds, she               opportunity to promote careers for women in
approached Ireland. After thirteen hours of         aviation and to support the use of airplanes for
non-stop flying, the exhaust pipes of her Vega      the transportation of passengers. By 1931,
were burned out and fuel was leaking from the       there were about 300 licensed women pilots in
the United States, many of whom were inspired          unsolved mysteries of the 20th century. On the
by Earhart.                                            most difficult leg of the trip, Earhart and her
                                                       navigator vanished near an island in the
Earhart Sets Many New Records                          Pacific Ocean. Intense searching by both the
                                                       American and Japanese armed forces found
                                                       no trace of them or their plane. People began
(12) At a time when women were extremely
rare in technical and scientific areas, Amelia         to speculate about her disappearance. Some
                                                       argued that the flight was a spy mission to
Earhart became even more famous as she set
                                                       gather data on Japan prior to the United States
many other records around the world. After her
                                                       entry into World War II. Some even believe
trans-Atlantic flight in 1932, Earhart continued
                                                       she was the victim of an abduction by aliens.
to set new records and beat others set by
other aviators, both male and female. In               Most people, especially in aviation, firmly
January 1935, for example, she outdid her              believed that Amelia Earhart, driven by her
Atlantic flight in distance by making a solo           passion for flying, disappeared in an accident.
flight from Hawaii to California, the first pilot to   This was supported by stories from the
successfully make the trip. Her numerous               islanders of the area who tell of a downed
accomplishments during the 1930's earned her           flight. Recently, a metal fragment was
the Distinguished Flying Cross, the first              recovered from one of the islands and
women to win the award. Many of her firsts             positively matched to the type of metal used in
were associated with new equipment such as             her plane. But no wreckage or bodies have
two-way radio, new propeller controls and              ever been recovered.
improvements in aircraft design.
                                                       (15) Although only a few facts are known about
                                                       the July 2, 1937 disappearance in the central
Earhart’s Attempt to Fly Round                         Pacific, one thing is certain: Amelia Earhart
the World                                              had made a unique and timeless contribution
                                                       to aviation and to women in aviation which will
(13) In July 1936, Amelia Earhart received a
                                                       go unchallenged for decades to come.
new plane. It was designed for a
round-the-world flight. If she succeeded, it
would not be an aviation first, but it would be
                                                       Earhart Remembered in Gander
the longest– nearly 48,000 kilmetres. It would
be completed in stages and closely following           (16) To honour her accomplishments in
the equator.                                           aviation, one of the first streets in the new town
                                                       of Gander was named Earhart Street and is
(14) The round-the-world flight placed Amelia          located off Fraser Road, just down from our
Earhart in the center of one of the greatest           school.
                                             Amerlia Earhart Activities

Vocabulary: Match the meanings to the underlined words in the paragraphs indicated in brackets.

(2) common, not unusual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(3) job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(4) meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(5) not giving up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(5) a permit to operate a vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(6) a game where people compete for prizes                    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(7) a person carried in a car or plane              . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(7) done by one’s self          . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(8) once a year celebration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(9) a small landing site for airplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(9) an unexpected event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(9) fumes from an engine             . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(10) another name for newspapers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(11) many different countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(12) many       . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(13) a step at a time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(14) guess, judge without evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(14) remains of a downed plane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(14) disappeared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________
(14) a small piece of something . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . __________________


Write your own sentences using any four words from your answers in the vocabulary section
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Identifying Topics:
What are the topics in this passage on Amelia Earhart?
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Which topics would likely contain information on each of the following?


a.     How Earhart spent some of here childhood time?
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b.     What conditions Earhart faced on her solo trans-Atlantic flight?
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c.     When Earhart got her pilot’s license?
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d.     What happened to Earhart on her round-the-world flight?
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Finding Facts:
Scan the passage and find the information that complete the following.


Earhart’s birthday: ________________________________________________________________
Where Earhart landed in Europe: _____________________________________________________
The day Earhart disappeared:        _____________________________________________________
The name of the women’s pilot organization she founded:         ________________________________
The date Earhart started her solo flight across the Atlantic:   ________________________________
Where Earhart started her solo trans-Atlantic flight:    _____________________________________
The kind of pilot that gave Earhart her first ride:      _____________________________________
The kind of airplane Earhart use the fly the Atlantic:   _____________________________________
Reading Comprehension Questions

1.   What connections did Amelia Earhart have to Canada and to Newfoundland?
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2.   Why was Earhart called a “tom-boy” by her friends?
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3.   What difficulties did Earhart have during her flight across the Atlantic?
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4.   Why was Earhart called “Lady Lindy”?
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Your opinion


1.    Do you think Earhart would be called a “tomboy” today? Why or Why not?
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2.    How was Earhart an inspiration to young women?
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3.    What kind of person must Earhart have been to accomplish her goals in aviation?
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