Who was Saint Dominic Who was Catherine McAuley

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					Who was Saint Dominic ?
Saint Dominic was born around 1170 in Spain.
The story is told that before his birth his mother dreamed that a dog leapt from her womb carrying a torch in
its mouth, and "seemed to set the earth on fire".
In 1191, when Spain was desolated by a terrible famine, Dominic was just finishing his theological studies.
He gave away his money and sold his clothes, his furniture and even his precious books, so that he might
relieve distress. When his companions expressed astonishment that he should sell his books, Dominic
replied: "Would you have me study off these dead skins, when people are dying of hunger?"
He was described as a friendly, cheerful and deeply prayerful man, with red hair. In 1206, talking with a
French inn keeper, he was shocked to realise that people, truly seeking God, may all have the same wrong
idea about God .
It is from this point that he decided to preach the Gospel to the Albigensians who were Christian purists who
were disappointed by the Church of their time. Taking to the world the message of the Gospel, in extreme poverty, Dominic
went walking bare feet on the roads and begging for his food and shelter, meeting people to tell them about Jesus Christ.
In late 1206 Dominic, and his Bishop, were able to set up a first Dominican community at Prouille in France. This was the
beginning of the Dominican Sisters which have spread throughout the world today. Later he was joined by many young men
who also wished to live the life of a poor preacher, like Jesus. Today the Dominican Order is a worldwide movement of men
and women, lay people, youth, sisters, brothers and priests. Famous Dominicans include St Catherine of Siena, patron of
Italy, St Thomas Aquinas, theologian, St Martin de Porres, black miracle-worker, Fra Angelico, artist.
Dominic died at noon, on the sixth of August, 1221 at the age of 51.
We remember St Dominic particularly as the founder of the Dominicans because the Dominican Sisters are one of the
founding orders of our school.
The founder of the Dominican Sisters in New Zealand was Mother Gabriel Gill who with nine other Sisters, arrived in New
Zealand in 1871 from Dublin Ireland, settling first in Dunedin, and immediately began St Dominic’s School. The sisters
established a primary and girls’ secondary school in early Dunedin and other schools throughout Otago and Southland.
Mother Gabriel traveled into Central Otago to meet the needs of the early gold miners’ families and eventually went to the
outback of West Australia to do the same thing. She died there in 1905.

Websites: www.dominicans.org.nz/archives, or www.op.org




Who was Catherine McAuley ?
Catherine McAuley was born near Dublin, Ireland, in September, 1778 to a wealthy Catholic family. Though
her father died in 1783 when Catherine was just five years old and fifteen years later her mother died in 1798,
leaving her an orphan. She was sent to live in the home of relatives who were non-Catholic and had little
sympathy for her religious practices. But, In 1803 Catherine was invited to live in the home of William and
Catherine Callaghan as a companion to Mrs. Callaghan. The Callaghans were childless and upon Mr.
Callaghan's death in 1822, Catherine inherited their fortune: about £25,000, their estate, "furniture and plate."

In 1824, Catherine used her inheritance to lease property on Baggot Street, a fashionable neighborhood in
Dublin, to build a large house for religious, educational and social services for women and children. Other
women were attracted to Catherine’s work and began to join her.

On September 24, 1827, the Feast of our Lady of Mercy, the first residents came to live in the house they called the House of
Mercy in honor of the day. Two years later the Chapel was dedicated and although it was not her original intention, Catherine
accepted the advice of her peers and began the founding of a new religious congregation of women dedicated to service to
the poor.

On Dec. 12, 1831, Catherine and two others pronounced vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, and to persevere until
death in "the Congregation of the Sisters of Mercy." Thus the new community was founded. Catherine lived only ten years as
a Sister of Mercy but in that time she established nine additional foundations in Ireland and England, and two branch houses
in Dublin. When she died in 1841 there were 150 Sisters of Mercy.

We remember Venerable Catherine McAuley particularly as the founder of the Sisters of Mercy, because they are one of the
founding orders of our school. The day after the first Sisters of Mercy arrived in Dunedin, in 1897, they began St Philomena’s
School.

Website: www.sistersofmercy.org.nz
Who was Edmund Rice ?
Edmund Rice was born in Ireland in 1762. While still quite young, he became a wealthy businessman in spite
of being an active Catholic at a time when Catholics were discriminated against.

Following the death of his pregnant wife, believed to be in a horse riding accident and the subsequent birth
of his daughter with disabilities, Edmund felt a call to reassess his life. After ten years of searching, he was
about to join a monastery until his sister-in-law said that his true work lay all around him, with the down-
trodden and needy of his own community.

Edmund left his home and devoted his fortune to providing opportunities for their growth and education. He opened a school
in a stable, living in the loft, and began teaching in the Catholic tradition, which was illegal at that time. After some initial
disappointments other people, inspired by his example, joined him in offering their lives for the service of those in need.

This developed into the organisation known today as the Christian Brothers, dedicated to the welfare and education of youth.
Edmund died on the 29th of August 1844, and was beatified by Pope John Paul II in October 1996.

Edmund’s story is all the more powerful because so many of us can relate to some of his experiences. He was, at various
times, a millionaire, a love-struck newly-wed, a grieving husband, a single parent, a member of a persecuted minority, and a
struggling teacher. The Edmund Rice Camps try to follow his example and live out the spirit of Edmund Rice. Through the
work we do, we experience some small part of the sacrifices and joy that Edmund Rice himself knew over a century ago.

We remember Blessed Edmund particularly as the founder of the Christian Brothers because they are one of the founding
orders of our school. The first community of Christian Brothers in Dunedin was established in 1876. And they immediately
began Edmund’s work of educating young men in the city.

Website: www.edmundrice.org.nz

Kavanagh’s Beginnings
                                                                   Ambrose House is named after Sister Ambrose, a
1. Founded on the 1st of February 1989                             Mercy Sister, who was the first principal of Moreau
2. Named after Bishop Kavanagh, Bishop of Dunedin                                      College
   1957 -1985
3. It was the final step in bringing together five original
   schools
     a.          St Dominics (founded by the Dominican               Bodkin House is named after Brother Bodkin, a
                 Sisters) had joined, 10 years earlier, with         Christian Brother, who was the first principal of
     b.          St Philomena’s (founded by the Mercy
                                                                             Christian Brothers’ High School
                 Sisters) to form
     c.          Moreau College for girls.
     d.          St Paul’s and
     e.          St Edmunds boys schools (both founded by            Gabriel House is named after Mother Gabriel, A
                 the Christian Brothers) also joined to become        Dominican Sister, who led the first Dominican
                 Kavanagh College                                                 Sisters to Dunedin
The crest shows symbols from the
schools that were combined together
to form Kavanagh.                                                  McAuley House is named after Catherine McAuley
• The three crosses interwoven                                       who founded the Sisters of Mercy in Ireland
     stand for Moreau College, St
     Paul’s High School & St Edmunds School.
• The diamond part of the crest stands for Moreau College.               Pompallier House is named after Bishop
•   The blue shield stands for St Paul’s.                                Pompallier who was New Zealand’s first
•   The Latin wording – IPSA DUCE – “means with Her as                               Catholic Bishop
    our guide”. This was chosen by Bishop Kavanagh to
    indicate the important role that Mary plays in modelling
    for us what it is to be Christian.
•   In 2005 the specific core values of Kavanagh were              Rice House is named after Edmond Rice who was
    discerned by Founding Orders, Board, Staff, Students             the founder of the Christian Brothers in Ireland
    and Parents and added to the crest.Rice Ho

				
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