What is an example of blindsight? Who has it or when do people have it? What is pseudo-blindness? Pseudoblindness is a psychosomatic disorder in which the person claims to be blind but actually is not; there is no organic reason why the person should not be able to see. Blindsight is a form of actual blindness in which the person has physical sight but has lost the ability to consciously know what he or she is seeing. It’s usually the result of damage to the primary visual cortex. Can you explain the differences between the superego, id, and ego a little more in depth? and how the entities are associated with one another? The id is the seat of energy and urges. The ego controls and directs the id’s energy, much as a rider controls a horse. The superego is the seat of societal and parental rules and strictures, and tells the ego what is right and wrong. What is the difference between preconscious and unconscious? The contents of the preconscious can be brought into consciousness. It’s what we usually think of as memory. The contents of the unconscious usually cannot be brought into consciousness. Can you explain the cognitive unconscious in terms of the THIS + NOW without the I again? If consciousness can be defined as the experience of I + THIS + NOW, then the unconscious can be defined as THIS + NOW, without the experience of I. However, all of the effects of THIS + NOW: learning, memory, accessibility and activation of constructs in the associative network, and so on, can still occur. Can you explain the graph from the personality disorders lecture slides? What does it mean to say that personality is stable over time in rank order, but less stable in mean levels? Stability in rank order means that if I am more neurotic than you are at age 30, I am probably still likely to be more neurotic than you are at age 50. However, the average or mean level of neuroticism for all of us may change. Imagine a harbor with a bunch of different boats in it. Some of the boats may sit lower in the water than others (rank order). However, when the tide comes in, all of the boats will rise (mean level). Degree of submersion (our analogy for personality) remains stable in one sense (rank order) and changes in another sense (mean level). What are the significant differences between the psychoanalytic unconscious and the cognitive unconscious? They are different on almost every level. They are completely different ways of thinking about the unconscious. Perhaps the biggest difference is in what the unconscious is thought to contain and why. In the syllabus it talks about submitting a paper in the event that you must miss a test date. Is there any possibility of completing a paper to raise/replace a low test score, or extra credit opportunity. The one and only option for the paper is to give people who have unavoidable reasons for missing a test the chance to not get a zero.