State CT DE FL NJ RI Conservation and Development Delaware Strategies for State Policies and New Jersey State Development and Land Use 2025: Rhode Island State Land Use Name of Plan Policies Plan for Connecticut Spending State Comprehensive Plan Redevelopment Plan Policies and Plan Date of Adoption of When were statutes Statutes codified? 1971 1995 1985 1986 1985 When was most Date of Adoption of recent plan Recent Plan released? 2005 2004 1986 2001 2006 How long is the Number of Pages document? 117 114 19 359 156 The plan is intended to provide long-range Is the plan meant to policy guidance for orderly social, economic, guide state and physical growth of the state. The plan is spending, affect intended to be direction setting, and the policies development can be implemented only to extent that the Plan is used as a policy guide for municipal, Purpose of the Plan patterns, or guide The plan provides the policy and The plan is intended to direct state investments, and legislature appropriates grants or other funding. county, and regional planning, state agency The plan articulates state's overarching goals, local decisions about planning framework for administrative is not a land use plan. The plan uses the strategies The plan does not have regulatory authority or functional planning and infrastructure investment objectives and strategies to guide and coordinate the land use? Is it and programmatic actions of capital for state policies and spending as guidance for authorize the adoption of agency rules, criteria decisions. It is not intended to be used to land use plans and regulations of municipalities and primarily a policy and operational investment decisions appropriate, cost-effective investments by the state and standards not specifically authorized by the formulate codes, ordinances, administrative rules State agencies to direct good, strategic projects at document? of state government. government. law. or other regulations. both the state and municipal level. How is plan Organized by 7 topic areas: Coordinating Organized temporally: 1) Where are we and where organized? Government, Directing Growth, Investing Tax Dollars are we going? 2) Where do we want to be in twenty Organization of Plan Temporally? Organized by 6 growth management Effectively, Improving Housing Choice, Preserving years 3) What issues do we need to be concerned Substantively? By principles (below) with policies under Delaware, Involving Citizens, and Promoting Plan contains 25 goals (below), with policies Organized by 8 goals (below) and 19 policies, with about getting there 4) How do we get there? 5) goal or objective? each principle. Sustainable Jobs. under each goal. which guide the State Plan Policy Map. What must be done to achieve our vision? 1. A sustainable Rhode Island that is beautiful, 1. Direct investment and future development to diverse, connected and compact with a distinct existing communities, urban concentrations, and quality of place in our urban and rural centers, and 1. Redevelop and revitalize regional growth areas 1. Children 1. Revitalize the state's cities and towns strategy abundance of natural resources, and a vibrant What are primary centers and areas with existing or 2. Protect important farmland and critical natural 2. Families 2. Conserve the state's natural resources and sustainable economy Goals, Principles or goals identified in the currently planned physical resources areas 3. The Elderly systems 2. A state network of greenspaces and greenways Strategies in State plan? What function infrastructure 3. Improve housing quality, variety, and affordability 4. Housing 3. Promote beneficial economic growth, that protects and preserves the environment, wildlife Plan do these goals 2. Expand housing opportunities and for all income groups 5. Health development and renewal for all residents of New habitats, natural resources, scenic landscapes, serve? design choices to accommodate a 4. Ensure objective measurement of long-term 6. Public Safety Jersey provide recreation, and shapes urban growth variety of household types and needs community effects of land use policies, and 7. Water Resources 4. Protect the environment, prevent and clean up 3. Excellence in community design: communities that 3. Concentrate development around infrastructure investments 8. Coastal and Marine Resources pollution are high quality, energy efficient, safe and healthful, transportation nodes and along major 5. Streamline regulatory processes and provide 9. Natural Systems and Recreational Lands 5. Provide adequate public facilities and services distinct, diverse and aesthetically pleasing; transportation corridors to support the flexible incentives and disincentives to encourage 10. Air Quality at a reasonable cost communities that are rich in natural, historical, viability of transportation options development in desired areas 11. Energy 6. Provide adequate housing at a reasonable cost cultural, and recreational resources; communities 4. Conserve and restore the natural 6. Encourage redevelopment and improve the 12. Hazardous and Nonhazardous Materials 7. Preserve and enhance areas with historic, 4. First class supporting infrastructure that protects environment, cultural and historical livability of existing communities and urban areas, and and Waster cultural, scenic, open and recreational value the public's health, safety and welfare, forest resources, and traditional rural lands guide new employment into underutilized commercial 13. Mining 8. Ensure sound and integrated planning and economic well-being, preserve and enhances 5. Protect and ensure the integrity of and industrial sites 14. Property Rights implementation statewide environmental quality, and reinforces the distinction environmental assets critical to public 7. Provide high quality employment opportunities for 15. Land Use between urban and rural areas health and safety citizens with various skills levels to retain attract a 16. Urban and Downtown Revitalization 5. Implement and maintain the vision. Continue to 6. Promote integrated planning across diverse economic base 17. Public Facilities support public stewardship for land use through all levels of government to address 8. Protect the state's water supplies, open space, 18. Cultural and Historic Resources strategic public investments in growth centers, land issues on a statewide, regional and farmland, and communities by encouraging 19. Transportation conservation, development, and enhanced planning local basis revitalization of existing water and wastewater 20. Governmental Efficiency capacity at the local and regional levels systems and the construction of new systems 21. The Economy 9. Promote mobility for people and goods through a 22. Agriculture balanced system of transportation options 23. Tourism 10. Improve access to educational opportunities, 24. Employment health care and human services for all Delawareans 25. Plan Implementation 11. Coordinate public policy planning and decisions among state, counties and municipalities State plan is organized by the 6 Goals are the foundation of the overall Livable The goals constitute the required elements of Plan in organized by the eight goals, and specific Goals are identified with objectives and strategies, growth management principles, which Delaware agenda and were embraced by Governor local plans, which are reviewed by the strategies to achieve goals are identified. Each and lead agencies for achieving each goal. Goals do Are the goals the are intended to be prescriptive to Minner's administration. The strategies guide state Department of Community Affairs and also goal also has a Vision of what conditions will be not play a major role in the organization of the plan, goals of the state municipalities and RPOs and divisions and serve as the framework for state provide guidance to the state agencies in like in 2020 if the goals are achieved. State and nor do they affect local planning. Function of the plan alone? Is there incorporated into state agency comments on local plans and land use decisions appropriating funds. regional functional plans must address goals. Goals a relationship with decisions. Municipalities and RPOs reviewed through the Preliminary Land Use Service Goals are meant to provide guidance to county local planning? are encouraged to address the (PLUS). and municipal governments in drafting their plans. principles in their plans. State CT DE FL NJ RI What are the relevant entities responsibly for construction, adoption, oversight, and implementation of the plan? The State Planning Council5 adopts the plan and If present, what is the The Governor's Advisory Council on Planning reviews projects and programs for consistency with Advisory Council or role of advisory council or Coordination1, created by statute in 2001, guides the state plan. The Technical Committee of the State Commission agenda of the plan, advising through development of A 17 member State Planning Commission3 Planning Council6 serves as the advisory council to commission? N/A the plan. N/A prepares and adopts the State Plan. agency staff during the preparation of the plan. Development Opportunities InterAgency Team4 If present, what is the The Cabinet Committee on State Planning Issues2 assists local officials and developers in bringing Cabinet (created by statute) approves the plan and advises smart growth redevelopment projects to Planning role of cabinet? the governor on land use planning, growth, and Areas 1 and 2 and Designated Centers of the N/A infrastructure investment policy issues. N/A State Development and Redevelopment Plan. N/A The Office of Policy and Management If present, what is the (OPM) is responsible for creating and Department or role of state planning implementing the plan. OPM also The Office of State Planning Coordination (housed The Department of Community Affairs The Office of Smart Growth (within the The Statewide Planning Program (within the Division Office department or office? reviews certain project applications for within the Office of Management and Budget) implements the plan by evaluating local plans Department of Community Affairs) implements the of Planning, within the Department of Administration) consistency with the plan. develops and implements the plan. along these goals and policies. plan. prepares the plan. The General Assembly is directly involved in the preparation and adoption of the plan. The OPM The State Comprehensive Plan was passed by If present, what is the reports annually to the Legislative the legislature in 1986 as statutes is required by Legislature role of the Continuing Committee on State statute to be reviewed biennially by the legislature? Planning and Development, which legislature. By statute, the implementation of its maintains oversight over the plan. The policies require legislative action unless General Assembly has final approval otherwise specifically authorized by the authority over the plan. No direct oversight of the plan. constitution or law. No direct oversight over the plan. No direct oversight over the plan. The state uses an iterative public participation What is the process called cross acceptance by which plan is relationship of the Local agencies can point out Local comprehensive plans must be consistent vetted with local governments and revised. Municipal plans are required to be reviewed by the state and the state inconsistencies between state and in with the regional plans. Regional policy plans Comprehensive plans must be updated every 6 state for consistency with state goals and policies. plan to local plans? local plans, but are not required to must be consistent with the State years and local governments are encouraged The state plan then serves as a "Resource and Is state review of reconcile differences. Local plans are Comprehensive Plan. Review of local plans is submit plans for plan endorsement by the Office Review Mechanism" for: proposals requesting local plans required? not reviewed by the state either for mandatory, and the state provides incentives to of Smart Growth, which carries incentives both federal funds, applications for U.S. Army Corps of Vertical What is considered specific elements or for consistency local governments typically to lower capacity during the process and after endorsement. Engineers permits, Environmental Impact Consistency in this review? What with the state plan. The state provides rural counties and cities. for innovative local During the endorsement process, municipalities Statements, R.I. Economic Development tools of grants to local governments to update Local governments are given financial incentives to planning efforts, typically in high capacity receive technical assistance funding. Upon Corporation projects, projects being reviewed by the implementation does plans, and the plans are then reviewed plan, and can have their plans certified by the state. counties and cities. The state may also impose receiving endorsement, municipalities are eligible Energy Facility Siting Board, applications for various the state use to by regional planning organizations. While plan certification is not required, it is strongly a development moratorium until the local for further financial incentives. It is through plan loans, grants, or other federal or State financing, enforce the state While RPOs review local plans, the encouraged. Local governments do not receive government adopts an acceptable plan, or endorsement that the state hopes to increase the rules and regulations promulgated by State plan? focus is on review rather than technical assistance funding and state spending does takeover local planning. The state may withhold degree of consistency among plans and to agencies, and property leases and conveyances consistency. not occur in areas without certified plans. CBDG funds if a plan is not certified. facilitate implementation of these plans. proposed before the State Properties Committee. Agency plans must be submitted to OPM for a review of conformity with State agency functional plans incorporate What is the the state plan. Certain types of state guidelines and policies of state plan. State State agency projects and activities are to conform to relationship of the agency spending must be consistent agencies were required to review existing local plans that have received State approval. To state plan to state with the Plan (acquisition and programs to identify ways to achieve provisions of implement the State Guide Plan, the document Horizontal agencies? What development over a certain threshold); the state plan and implement programs in a recognizes a need for a prioritized investment Consistency implementation tools Office of Policy and Management also State agencies must prepare Livable Delaware manner consistent with he plan The planserves strategy for federal and state funding. (In the plan, does the state use to advises the State Bond Commission Implementation Plans to show how their missions are as a guide to when and where available state this is identified of a strategy, but the plan does not enforce the state on the allocation of state bonds in carried out while fulfilling Livable Delaware strategies, State agency spending must be consistent with funds should be extended to achieve the goals of explain how the state is doing this.) Implementation plan? accordance with the plan. OPM in addition to identifying impediments to reaching the plan to the extent authorized by the the State Planning Act. The annual capital of strategies outlined in the plan are assigned to integrates the plan into the office's goals and showing how budgeting planning will be legislature. Agency functional plans must be improvement budget must be consistent with the "lead agencies" and each strategy is classified as planning and coordinating functions. done in accordance with the strategies. consistent with the plan. goals and provisions of the plan short term, long term or ongoing. Investment strategy levels area derived from spatial Rather than relying on a single map, the Rhode If there is a state plan analysis of data from state, county and local agencies Island plan offers 4 scenarios based on land map, how was it Based on state and federal reflecting various aspects of land use policies and Lines are not correlated with or based on property suitability and availability information (trend, centers Map Construction constructed? What demographic data and also reflects land use. Specifically, the map was constructed lines, zoning lines or political boundaries. and corridors, infill, and composite) in addition to a and Use data and criteria local and regional plans and policies following analysis of development suitability for grids, Planning Areas are based on explicit definitional composite future land use map of municipal land use were used to that most closely reflect the Map’s as determined by a number of datasets. Intended to criteria, but are finalized iteratively in the cross- plans. ) Of the scenarios, the Composite Scenario delineate areas? definitional criteria. This criteria (listed serve as a guide for state actions that might influence acceptance process. Centers, environs, cores and was endorsed. The State Planning Council made in an appendix) defines the areas on land use and development patterns. Map is not nodes are designated during plan endorsement of refinements to the Composite Scenario, creating the the map. parcel based and not a land use plan. N/A - no map local plans. Future Land Use Map 2025. State CT DE FL NJ Seven Planning Areas appear on the map, and RI are defined according to specific definitional In order of relative priority for criteria explicitly outlined in the plan: PA1 - Future Land Use Map includes: Potential Future development and conservation, Metropolitan Planning Area; PA2-Suburban Land Uses - Development: Urban Growth Boundary, respectively, map categories include: Planning Area; PA3-Fringe Planning Area; PA4- Urban Development, Sewered Urban, Centers, Categories on the What do states put Development Policies: regional Rural Planning Area; PA4B-Rural/Environmentally Planned and Proposed Future Rail Stations; Map on their maps? centers, neighborhood conservation Sensitive Planning Area; PA5-Environmentally Conservation: Conservation/Limited. Committed areas, growth areas, rural community Four levels of spending (I-IV) which differentiate the Sensitive Planning Area; PA5B-Environmentally Use: Non-urban developed, Prime Active Farmland, centers. Conservation Policies: type of funding priorities in each area. Additionally Sensitive/Barrier Islands Planning Area. Five Narragansett Indian Lands; Transportation: Rail existing preserved open space, included on the map: Area of Dispute, Area of Study, Types of Centers: Urban Centers, Regional Stations, Rail Lines, Interstate Highways, Other preservation areas, conservation Environmentally Sensitive Development, Out of Play Centers, Towns, Villages, Hamlets. Pinelands Highways, Airports; Conservancy: Major Parks & areas, rural lands (publicly owned/legally restricted) N/A Management Areas. Open Space, Water Bodies, Wetlands. Preliminary plan undergoes unique process of "cross-acceptance" which is a collaborative, What kind of public participatory process comparison of planning involvement is used? Regional public hearings prior to For the 2001 plan, the state held 7 public meetings - policies among governmental levels with the Telephone survey, televised town meeting, five Public Involvement How is this submission to legislature. The plan is two each in each of the 3 counties and one in the city purpose of attaining compatibility between local, Regional Planner workshops, interviews with incorporated into the also circled within state agencies and of Wilmington to accept the public's comments. county and state plans. Changes are negotiated planning leaders, Land Use 2025 Brainstorming plan? regional planning organizations prior Comments also accepted in writing, through email N/A - public involvement occurs in local among the State Planning Commission, counties, Session assembling 60 planners for a brainstorming to submission to the legislative. and via a specially created form. planning, but not the State Comprehensive Plan and municipalities. session Four scenarios are constructed from a map based on Land Suitability Analysis, Land Availability Certain required assessments accompany the Analysis, identification of land qualities and plan: analysis of alternative growth patterns, development constraints under then existing State impact assessment, and infrastructure needs Guide Plan policies, Land Intensity Potential Is there anything Delaware also has a review process for assessment. The plan includes indicators and Classification. . Rather than relying on a single map, interesting or unique developments of regional impact (Preliminary Land targets to monitor progress in meeting State Plan the Rhode Island plan offers 4 scenarios (trend, Special Notes to the state plan If the criteria defining a particular site Use Service) which reviews developments with Goals. There are 6 key indicators and targets and centers and corridors, infill, and composite) in process in this changes subsequent to the Plan’s impact beyond local boundaries. Development 27 additional indicators. Explicates that the addition to a composite future land use map of particular state? adoption, a proposed project should proposals are considered for consistency with the benefits and burdens of implementing the plan municipal land use plans. ) Of the scenarios, the be judged for consistency based on state and local plan. In preparing the map, Delaware Explains that the plan should be applied when should be equitably distributed among citizens of Composite Scenario was endorsed. The State the most current data sources preformed Absorption Analysis to ensure the plan economically and environmentally feasible, not the state and when property owners or citizens Planning Council made refinements to the available at the time of evaluation. allows enough room to accommodate expected contrary to public interest, and consistent with are disadvantaged, the government should Composite Scenario, creating Future Land Use Map (Map is a living document) growth through 2030. the protection of private property rights. mitigate via compensation to ensure equity. 2025. 1- Delaware Advisory Council composition: A Chair appointed by the Governor (Lt. Governor John Carney), Chair of Cabinet Committee on State Planning Issues, County Administrator or County Executive for each county, President or designee of Delaware League of Local Governments, cochairs of Joint Bond Bill Committee, eight members appointed by the Governor representing: agriculture, homebuilders, business, real estate and development, environmental interests, community development, historic preservation, and civic associations, Secretaries of Transportation, Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Agriculture and the Director of Economic Development 2- Delaware Cabinet Committee on State Planning Issues is composed of the Secretary of the Natural Resources and Environmental Control, the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Agriculture, the Director of the Delaware Economic Development Office and others the Governor may designate. 3- New Jersey State Planning Commission is composed of: the State Treasurer and four other cabinet members to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor; two other members of the executive branch of State government to be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor; six public members, not more than three of whom shall be of the same political party, and of whom at least one shall be a professional planner. Local government and public members are appointed by the Governor and approved by the Legislature for three year terms. 4 - Development Opportunities InterAgency Team is comprised of eight state agencies including transportation, Board of Public Utilities, Economic Development Authority, Housing and Mortgage Finance Agency, Commerce, Environmental Protection, New Jersey Tranist, New Jersey Redevelopment Authority, Office of Economic Growth and Community Affaris. 5 - Rhode Island State Planning Council includes: The director of the Department of Administration as chairperson; the director of the Policy Office in the office of the Governor, as vice-chairperson; the governor, or his or her designee; the budget officer; the chairperson of the Housing Resources Commission; the Chief of Statewide Planning, as secretary; the president of the League of Cities and Towns or his or her designee and one official of local government, who shall be appointed by the governor from a list of not less than three (3) submitted by the Rhode Island League Cities and Towns; and the executive director of the League of Cities and Towns; one representative of a nonprofit community development or housing organization; four (4) public members, appointed by the governor; two (2) representatives of a private, nonprofit environmental advocacy organization, both 6 - Rhode Island State Planning Council Technical Committee parallels that of the State Planning Council, with representatives of state agencies, local governments, citizens from different areas of the state, and federal advisory members. The Chief of Statewide Planning serves as Secretary. The committee is intended to insure representation of diverse interests and views in the Statewide Planning Program's activities.