Aspects and Impacts

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					University of Exeter Students' Guild: Aspects and Impacts Regist
Aspect   Aspect                                          1
Number   Area



1                      Generation and disposal of non
                       hazardous WEEE e.g.
                       microwaves, kettles, white
                       goods
2                      Provision of recycling schemes
                       (including paper, confidential
                       waste, newspapers, cardboard,
                       cans and glass, IT equipment,
                       furniture, mobile phones and
           Waste




                       printer cartridges)

3                      Generation & disposal of
                       controlled waste


4                      Generation, storage and
                       disposal of hazardous waste
                       (inc Hazardous WEEE)



5                      Emissions to air from transport
           Transport




19                     Provision and promotion of
                       transport heirachy (including
                       walking, cycling, public
                       transport, car sharing)
11                     Use of finite fossil fuels (gas
                       and oil) in buildings and
                       transport
           Recycling
16                Water consumption by




     Recycling
                  individuals and processes
17                Reduction in water
                  consumption through water
                  efficiency initiatives (use of
                  plumbed in water coolers, water
                  saving devices in toilets)

26                Active community
                  enegagement and promotion of
                  socially responsible behaviour
                  including residents recycling
                  initatives
13                Purchasing sustainable
                  products across organsisation
                  e.g. energy efficient, recycled,
                  green electricity contracts,
                  locally sourced, fair trade, etc
     Purchasing




28                Active promotion of sustainable/
                  fairtrade products in outlets and
                  wider University (University
                  Fairtrade status)

14                Purchasing unsustainable
                  products e.g. use of hardwoods
                  from non-sustainable forests,
                  inefficient appliances, etc


8                 Reduction in electricity
                  consumption (from National
                  Grid) through staff and student
                  behavioural changes leading to
                  electrical energy efficiency

12                Electricity use by electrical
                  equipment, supplied by the
                  National Grid
     Energy




7                 Emissions to air from
                  combustion activities (heating
                  boilers)
            Ene
9                                Reduction in gas consumption
                                 through gas energy efficiency
                                 improvement projects and staff/
                                 student behavioural changes


6                                Emissions to air from chemical
    Emmissions and



                                 use (Cleaning materials and
                     disposals



                                 solvent and VOC emissions
                                 from printing, paints, glues,
                                 resins from BS)
3                                Effluent generation and
                                 disposal
                                 Nuisance generation including
                                 noise, odour, smoke, dust, light
               Community




                                 and litter
                                 Delivery of campaigns on E&E
                                 issues, lobbying for change at
                                 University level.

                                 * Climate change may result in
                                 sea level rise, changing
                                 weather patterns, increased
                                 incidence of pest / diseases,
                                 damage to human health /
                                 quality of life and biodiversity
                                 #
                                  The effect of acid rain is forest
                                 decline and lake acidification.
tudents' Guild: Aspects and Impacts Register
      Impact Description




      Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration).
      Potential contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to use as landfill), air (odour)
      and water (leachate)

      Reduced raw material consumption
      Reduced energy and resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration),
      Reduced potential contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Avoided production of
      methane (or 'landfill') gas and associated climate change effects.
      Specific impacts relating to individual waste streams are reduced e.g. deforestation.


      Energy and resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration)
      Habitat loss and reduced biodiversity, Contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate).
      Global warming due to the production of methane (or 'landfill') gas. Negative impact on local air
      quality and visual amenity
      Resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration).
      Potential contamination of land i.e. eco-toxicity (soil contamination due to use as landfill), air (odour)
      and water (leachate)
      Generation of CO2 from on-site incinerator and associated contribution to climate change*
      Specific hazards to the environment and human health from specific hazardous materials.
      Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and NOx (carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons,
      particulates, nitrogen oxides). Associated impacts of acid rain and contribution to climate change*
      Impact on human health due to increasing likelihood of photochemical smog damage to plants and
      reduction of biodiversity.

      Reduction of emissions of CO2, SOx and NOx and a reduced impact on local air quality and
      contribution to climate change *
      Conservation of finite natural resources.

      Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.
      Production of CO2 leading to climate change*
      Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to
      human health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.
      Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid
      rain#
      Production of PM10 and PM2.5 particulates resulting in damage to human respiratory health.
Water resource depletion

Conservation of water resources




Reduced raw material consumption
Reduced energy and resource use from waste treatment processes (landfill and incineration),
Reduced potential contamination of land, air (odour) and water (leachate). Avoided production of
methane (or 'landfill') gas and associated climate change effects.
Specific impacts relating to individual waste streams are reduced e.g. deforestation.
Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate change *
Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission reducing the production of photochemical smog and
associated reduction in air quality. This reduces the damage to human health, damage to plants and
reduction of biodiversity.
Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the damage to human respiratory health and
formation of acid rain#
Reduction in waste to landfill and incineration and therefore reduction in universities contribution to
climate change*
Reduction the negative environmental impacts and promotion of positive impacts of suppliers and
purchasing habits of students




Increased production of CO2 leading to climate change*
Depletion of finite gas and oil resources.
Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to
human health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.
Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid
rain resulting #
Reduction of CO2 emissions reducing the contribution to climate change*
Reduction of nitrogen oxide emission reducing the production of photochemical smog and
associated reduction in air quality. This reduces the damage to human health, damage to plants and
reduction of biodiversity.
Reduction of sulphur dioxide generation, reducing the damage to human respiratory health and
formation of acid rain #
Production of CO2 leading to climate change* through the use of inefficient equipment
Depletion of finite gas and oil resources through the use of inefficient equipment
Production of oxides of nitrogen leading to photochemical smog formation, resulting in damage to
human health, damage to plants and reduction of biodiversity.
Production of sulphur dioxide leading to damage to human respiratory health and formation of acid
rain resulting in forest decline and lake acidification.
Local air quality reduction due to emissions of VOCs, SOx and NOx (carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons,
particulates, nitrogen oxides). Associated impacts of acid rain# and contribution to climate change*
Impact on human health due to increasing likelihood of photochemical smog damage to plants and
reduction of biodiversity.
Conservation of finite gas and oil resources.




Release of solvents and chemicals can lead to human health problems
Contribute to ozone depletion (e.g. halon, CFCs or HCFCs) and climate change* (e.g. VOC)



Energy and resource use from effluent treatment processes.
Potential pollution through generation of emissions/effluent to air, land or water
Generation of any form of nuisance in the local environment including disturbance to students, staff,
neighbours and habitats. This can include noise, smoke, odour, dust and light pollution.

Reduces University energy consumption, changes student behaviours leading to overall reduction of
impact on resources.
Impact
Type



Neg



Pos




Neg



Neg




Neg




Pos



Neg
Neg

Pos




Pos




Pos




Pos




Neg




Pos




Neg




Neg
Pos




Neg




Neg

Neg



Pos
Environmental Aspects and Impacts - Action Plan
                                                                                                                                                               Estimated savings /                          Savings (Tonnes CO2 /
 No.                          Key issues to be adressed                                           Training aspects                                  COST                             Savings / year (KWh)
                                                                                                                                                                    year (£)                                         year)

                                                                     House Keeping
                                                                     Write and appoint a specific staff member to conduct regular
          Windows and doors open when ventilation systems is being
        1                                                            maintenance schedule, especially during and after inclement weather
          used
                                                                     conditions. Gaps or holes in wall, windows, doors and skylights should be
                                                                                                                                                     £0               £45                    585                     0.25
                                                                     Appoint responsibility to a specific staff member to conduct maintenance
        2 Curtains and blinds left open after closing hours          checks on harware, for example leaky taps, toilets, pipework, radiators
                                                                     etc

                                                                     Provide the Carbon Academy Global Action Plan training delegates with
        3 Use of lifts over stairs                                                                                                                   £0               £100                  1,100                    0.47
                                                                     regular monthly updates on progress and invite feedback
                                                                     All staff should be formally inducted on environmental policy and good
                                                                     practice. The induction should include responsibility for opening blinds,
        4 blinds often left down with lights on                                                                                                      £0               £100                  1,100                    0.47
                                                                     controlling lighting and equipment, operation of heating and ventilation
                                                                     controlls and operation of office equipment.
                                                                     General good environmental practice should be included into all job
        5 lighting left on unneccesarily
                                                                     descriptions, work procedures and all new induction programmes.

                                                                     Employees that drive vehicles as part of their job should be trained in fuel
        6 Dairy deck blinds sometimes left open after closing        efficient driving techniques. Correct driving can reduce fuel consumption
                                                                     by 10 & 30%.
        7 manual alterations to the ventilation systems              Awareness

        8 Use of portable cooling units                              Use the energy tracker to survey the consumption of various everyday            £0               £25                    385                     0.17
                                                                     equipment and create an inventory to raise awareness amongst staff
                                                                     Create or use carbon academy 'good environmental practice posters' and
        9 Use of unneccesary personal electrical equipment                                                                                           £0               £100                  1,100                    0.47
                                                                     stickers

       10 Use of personal fridges and kettles                        Create a carbon-o-meter to visualise successes and keep on track                £0               £250                  2,750                    1.18


       11 preference of single sided printing                        Report findings at regular meetings to measure progress.                        £0               £50                    769                     0.33

       12 Tendency to leave electrical equipment on unneccesarily    Consider the option of appointing Departmental 'energy champions'

       13 Tendency to use single sided instead of duplx printing     Arrange a viewing of the Inconvenient Truth for Staff and Students              £0               £250                  2,750                    1.18

                                                                     Employ a compulsory introduction to good environmental practice for new
                                                                     students

                                                                     Motivation

                                                                     Put up notices by the lift to promote the use of stairs and the
                                                                                                                                                     £0               £100                  1,100                    0.47
                                                                     environmental benefits of doing so

                                                                     Establish a car-sharing opportunity for staff


                                                                     Further investigate the opportunity to promote a 'cycle-to-work' scheme


                                                                     Investigate the possibility of increasing public transport to the University

                                                                                                                                                           £0 Investment by Guild
                                                                                                                                                                             £1,020 Annual savings to Guild
                                                                                                                                                                                                     4.99     Tonnes of CO² saved
CO2 Analysis and Savings: Buildings
Aspect No.                                         SUMMARY                                                            COMMENT                                           ENERGY SAVING ACTION                                            COST                      Estimated savings / year (£)           Savings / year (KWh)           Savings (Tonnes CO2 / year)          RESPONSIBILITY    PROGRESS
                                                                                                Use IT equipment in Universities accounts for
Electrical Equipment                                                                            significant proportion of the electricity usage of
                                                                                                which around 2/3 is attributed to computers. Simple
                                                                                                approaches can help reduce this demand                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        P= Complete
                                                                                                A monitor can account for a large amount of a
                                                                                                                                                           Train Staff to switch off non-essential electrical
                                                                                                computers energy consumption. A computer left on
              1 Office PC equiptment often left running outside open hours.                                                                                equipment outside working hours / investigate and                                               £24                                 £20                               220                                 0.09
                                                                                                24/7 will cost around £37 a year. Switched off at
                                                                                                                                                           trial intelli-plugs
                                                                                                night and weekends, this amount is reduced to £10!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £66                              547.2                               0.279
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           £45 Based on all 9 communal printers being left constantly on standby outside office hours over a university
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                year
                  Office communal equipment e.g water coolers, printers, left running                                                                                                                                                                                                        £78                               636.48                               0.312
              2                                                                                                                                            Install plug-in seven day timers
                  outside office hours                                                                                                                                                                                                                   £125
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Based on all 26 personal printers being left constantly on standby outside office hours over a year

                                                                                                Leaving on after working hours wasres electricity                                                                                                                                              £67                               499                                 0.26
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           £20
                                                                                                and money. Turning off electrical equipment such as                                                                                                                          Based on one water cooler left on constantly outside working hours over a year
                                                                                                printers and photocopiers after working hours can
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           £210                                1570                                  0.78
              3 Electrical Equipment in print shop left on after closing                        save up to 50% of running costs.                                                                                                                           £25                  Based on one colour printer left on energy saver mode after office hours
                                                                                                                                                           Install plug-in seven day timers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    For normal printers see above
                Print Shop and Student Shop PC's left on when not in use throughout
              4
                day                                                                                                                                        Place Awareness-Rainsing stickers to encourage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £0                                  £6                                44                                 0.02
                Office PC's and printers often left running when not in use throughout                                                                     turning off rather than standbye
              5
                the day
              6 Charging of personal equipment in offices                                                                                                  Create policy and put in the staff handbook                                                      £0                                 £10                               154                                 0.07
                Ensure Ram and Lemon Grove arcade, quiz machines are not left on                Equipment left on unneccesarily will waste
              7                                                                                                                                            Fit timer plugs to each                                                                         £60                                 £70                             1,027                                 0.44
                unneccesarily                                                                   electricity. Make sure they reflect opening hours.
              8 Ensure Sub TV's are switched off after closing hours                            As above                                                   investigate an effective way of switching off                                                    £0                                 £75                              1101                                 0.47
                                                                                                CRT monitors use around 90% more energy than
              9 2 old style CRT monitors in the GI Hub and 1 room 7                                                                                        Survey and Purge any remaining CRT monitors                                                   £900                                 £150                             2,201                                 0.95
                                                                                                flat screen alternatives.
                                                                                                Printers can consume between 30 - 40% of their                                                                                                                                                  £7                             112.2                                0.057
                                                                                                peak power demand when idling between printing             Ensure standbye features are enabled and
                  Majority of office printers and print shop printers are left on 'idling' as
             10                                                                                 and standbye modes. Minimising this time results in        Investigate a means of encouraging printing in                                                   £0
                  opposed to standby                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Estimation based on 30% saving of yealy running power for one office printer
                                                                                                good savings, increased life expectancy of the printer     batches to reduce time printers spend in 'idling'
                                                                                                and reduced heat output.

                                                                                                                                        Set all PC's to draught printing default and printers to
                                                                                                                                        duplex printing. Establish a policy to only use single                                                              £0                                                 See above
                Community Action office has no controll on printing default &
                                                                                     Duplex option allows machine to spend more time in sided printing where absolutely neccesary
             11 Marcomms Unit does not have duplex option. 78% of offices use single
                                                                                     standbye than idling mode
                sided printing default. Print shop default set to single sided.
                                                                                                                                        Consider investing in Print Manager Plus (monitors
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         £300                                     Reduces printing by 50% or more
                                                                                                                                        how many copies each employee makes)


                  Community Action office has no controll on printing default &                                                                            Connect Community Action office and Marcomms
             12                                                                                 As above                                                                                                                                                    £0                                £166                              1383                                 0.72
                  Marcomms Unit does not have duplex option.                                                                                               Unit to a printing hub with duplex option

                                                                                                                                                           Use effective strategy of encouraging communal
             13 Number of personal kettles in use                                                                                                          use.                                                                                          £850                                 £700                            10,273                                 4.42
                                                                                                The use of personal fridges and kettles increases
                                                                                                                                                           if neccesary install a central Zip Hydroboil
                                                                                                energy usage and heat sources
                                                                                                                                                           Create effective strategy to encourage communal
             14 Use of personal fridges                                                                                                                                                                                                   ~200 - 300 per fridge                               £500                             5,500                                 2.36
                                                                                                                                                           use / buy larger communal fridge

                                                                                                Every 1°C saved could reduce energy consumption            Buy a fridge thermometer and brief staff to check
             15 Ensure domestic fridges are set to the correct temperture                                                                                                                                                                                   £5                                  £3                                27                                 0.01
                                                                                                by 2%                                                      regularly
                                                                                                New eCube device can reduce energy consumption
             16 Possibility of new device to increase efficiency of all fridges                 by up to 33%, reduce CO2 emmisions and increase Install eCube refrigeration device                                                                       £100                                 £600                             8,805                                 3.79
                                                                                                lifespan of equipment
Building Fabric                                                                                 Around two thirds of the energy used in a typical university building is used to replace heat lost through the building fabric

                                                                                                Damp causes significant damage to the building
             17 PPP Administration 5 (DH) - window cills show signs of damp                                                                                damp proof windows                                                                                                   _                                   _                                   _
                                                                                                structure and reduces its insulating properties                                                                                                            £10
             18 Sabbatical Office - showing areas of damp                                       As above                                                   identify leakage and repair accordingly                                                                              _                                   _                                   _

                                                                                                                                                           Fix worst windows / screw tops and silicone shut                                                 ??                                £500                            19,380                                 3.68
             19 windows draughty and some leak under heavy rain (espRoom 4)                     As above
                                                                                                                                                           Install draught excluders                                                                     £150                                 £250                             9,690                                 1.84
                  Advice Unit (DH) - Leakage from the toilets on the second floor, in the                                                                  Investigate toilets for cracks in pipework and replace
             20                                                                                 As above                                                                                                                                 _                                      _                                   _                                   _
                  corner of the office                                                                                                                     where appropriate

                                                                                                                                                           Reassess old leak. Check for faulty pipework, faulty
             21 Print Shop shows areas of damp in the roof from an old water leak               As above                                                                                                                                 _                                      _                                   _                                   _
                                                                                                                                                           gutters and leaky roof tiles and replace accordingly.

             22 Areas of damp behind the Ram Bar                                                As above                                                   identify leakage and repair accordingly                                       _                                      _                                   _                                   _

                                                                                                                                                           Replace leaking taps with percussion taps.                                                      £40                                  £5                  _                                                0.01
             23 Leaking pipes and taps in the Ram Bar                                           Leaking pipes and taps
                                                                                                                                                           Replace sections of cracked piping                       obtain free quote                                           _                                   _                                   _

                                                                                                Typically 22% of heat is lost through the roof.                                                                                                                              £65,205                             283500                            148.2705
                                                                                                Insulating loft spaces will help to reduce this loss.
                  90% of appropriate offices, Student & Print shop, and Coffee Express                                                                       Seek a free consultation to assess a cost-benefit
             24                                                                                 However, flat roofs are more difficult to insulate than                                                                             ~£17/m²
                  have a lack of insulation in accessible loft spaces                                                                                               analysis of insulating loft spaces.                                                                             Very rough estimation based on insulation reducing heating by 15%
                                                                                                pitched roffs and it is usually uneconomical to add
                                                                                                insulation unless carrying out maintenance work
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    £318 + VAT (supply) (per single office (
                                                                                                Typically 26% of heat is lost through windows. Single      Secondary double glazing (Sunrise Windows,               2x1m)). (fixing costs ~ £80 per fix but
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               saves 50% of heat loss through windows
                                                                                                glazing may account for 20% of heat loss. Double           Plymouth)                                                VERY (inc. supply) dependent on quantity
                                                                                                glazing of solar glare film will help minimise heat loss                                                            needed) / £267 (Secondary Glazing UK)
             25 No double glazing or solar glaze film on the windows in guild buildings
                                                                                                and heat from the suns rays. Double glazing is a
                                                                                                minimum requirement when replacing windows.                Cover windows with solar glare film (Sunrise
                                                                                                Solar glare film reduces suns heat by 75%.                                                                          £40 / m²                                                    _                                   _                                   _
                                                                                                                                                           Windows, Plymouth)
                                                                                                                                             Investigate an effective means of closing curtains
                                                                                        Blinds help to reduce heat loss in winter months and
           26 Curtains and blinds left open after closing hours                                                                              and blinds as part of the 'end-of-day' shut down                             £0                  _                                     _                                     _
                                                                                        reduce unwanted heat gains in summer
                                                                                                                                             procedure
Heating, Cooling and Ventilation

                                                                                                                                        Carry out regular checks to ensure heating and
                                                                                                                                        cooling agents are not blocked and are working
              Numerous complaints about office temperatures, e.g Community Action
                                                                                    Educational buildings should be heated between 19 - properly
           27 office, Sabbatical Office, GI hub, Box Office and rooms 7, 2 & 4 all                                                                                                                                        £0                                  £25                                  275                                  0.12
                                                                                    21°C and offices between 21 - 23°C.
              indicate are all too hot in the summer and/or too cold in the winter.                                                     Put a notice up next to radiators stating the required
                                                                                                                                        setting (between 21 and 24 deg c) and check each
                                                                                                                                        monthly during the winter.
                                                                                                                                                reconsider the staff uniform / Provide warm clothes
           28 Staff feel cold in the winter                                             As above                                                                                                          _                                   _                                     _                                     _
                                                                                                                                                for staff working in cool areas
                                                                                        Hot equipment may increase unwanted heat gains            Investigate the use of dome natural ventilation units                   ??
           29 Print Shop always too hot due to equipment                                resulting in the use of additional ventilation or cooling                                                                                                             £36                                  540                                  0.28
                                                                                        units                                                     Purge portable cooling systems                                          £0
                                                                                        draughts may interfere with the efficiency of HVAC                                                                                                          See aspect 19
           30 Sabbatical Office, PPP Administration 5, Room 11 report draughts                                                                  Install draught stripping to windows and doors
                                                                                        systems
                Marcomm's Unit, The Works and Room 4 all report faulty windows                                                                                                                                                                      See aspect 25
           31                                                                           As above                                                replace faulty windows with double glazing
                affecting temperature.

                                                                                        No manual controlls or windows can overheat space,
                                                                                                                                           Investigate effective means of utilising mechanical
           32 Ram Office has no windows to aid temperature                              wasting unneccesary electricity and increasing the                                                                                ??                                   ??                                   ??                                    ??
                                                                                                                                           ventilation or install personal thermostat.
                                                                                        discomfort of the working environment
                                                                                        e.g . Portable fans and heaters are often very          Purge portable cooing units                                               £0
           33 Use of portable cooling units in The Works, Print Shop and Room 4         inefficient and cheaper more efficient alternatives                                                                                                                  £108                              1609.5                                   0.58
                                                                                        can often have the same effect                          consider natural ventilation systems                                      ??
                                                                                                                                                Investigate the possibility of placing heat emitting
                                                                                        Hot equipment can significantly raise the
                                                                                                                                                equipment in a separate, naturally ventilated area
           34 Hot equipment not been moved out of offices                               temperature in a room in turn increasing the use of                                                               _                                   _                                     _                                     _
                                                                                                                                                with good airflow. Colder areas on the North side of
                                                                                        ventilation and cooling systems.
                                                                                                                                                buildings are ideal.
                                                                                        Uninsulated valves lose about the same amount of
                                                                                        heat as a meter of uninsulated pipe. Insulation
           35 Radiator valves uninsulated in 80% of offices
                                                                                        payback can usually be expected within a few                                                                                                                       £0.42                                   18.4                              0.0096
                                                                                        months of installation.                                 Insulate all neccesary radiator valves                                    ??
           36 Student shop and Print Shop radiator valves uninsulated                   As above
           37 No insulation on Ram radiator valves                                      As above
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Estimates based per day
                                                                                        Uninsulated hot water pipes lose heat to the                                                                                                                       £0.01                                    0.6                              0.0003
                Exposed hot water pipes in the Catering Office, Community Action and    surrounding area, increasing the energy needed to
           38                                                                                                                                   Insulate hot water pipes                                                 £10
                Room 7 are uninsulated.                                                 heat water and providing unwanted heat gains.                                                                                                                         Estimates based per meter of pipe per day
                                                                                        Payback can usually be expected within a few
                                                                                                                                                Train staff and place awareness raising stickers to
           39 Office Doors and Windows often left open                                                                                          make sure windows and doors remain closed when
                                                                                        Open doors and windows may significantly reduce         heating or cooling is in operation                                        £0                                  £35                                1,357                                  0.26
                                                                                        the impact of heating and cooling systems.              Place awareness rainsing stickers and train staff to
           40 Windows and doors open when Ram ventilation systems is being used                                                                 keep windows and doors closed when ventilation is
                                                                                                                                                running
                                                                                        Staff may have adjusted controls for temporary      Set ventilation system to timed and consider locking
           41 Ram Bar ventilation system set to manual                                  reasons but forgotten to reset them. As such excess away controlls with access only to authorised staff.
                                                                                        and unneccesary consumption may occur.              Include training staff in the use of controlls.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       £650                                  £958                              14,300                                   7.47
                                                                                        In most University Buildings, ventilation systems do
                                                                                        not need to operate at full speed all of the time.
           42 Ram Bar ventilation system running full speed all day                                                                             Install variable speed drive
                                                                                        Lowering the speed by 20% could save up to 50%
                                                                                        energy
                                                                                                                                                Consider installing interlocking controller systems to
           43 Heating sometimes on when Ram ventilation in use                          couter-productive and costly                                                                                                      ?? 0.67 (based per hour overlap)           10 (based per hour overlap)          0.0053 (based per hour overlap)
                                                                                                                                                prevent heating and cooling operating at the same
Lighting

                                                                                        Low natural light levels neccesitate the need to
              Lights left on all day due to inadequate natural lighting in Community
                                                                                        increase artificial lighting which maybe expensive to
           44 Action, PPP Administration 5, Catering Office, Print Shop, Activities
                                                                                        run. Enhancing natural light may reduce electricity     Investigate the use of cox sun tubes to increase
              Suite, Ram Office, Box office and Room 4                                                                                                                                                         £270 per unit                            85 (total)                         6123 (total)                          0.66 (total)
                                                                                        costs substantially.                                    natural light levels. (apply for a free full quote)
              Lemon Grove & Ram Bar lights left on throughout the day due to
           45                                                                           As above
              inadequate natural light
              Unneccesary lighting used due to unlabelled light switches (most
           46                                                                           Unneccesary lighting maybe mistakenly used              Label light switches                                                      £0                                  £30                                  330                                  0.14
              natably print shop)
                                                                                                                                           Train staff to properly use blinds to maximise natural
           47 blinds often left down with lights on in Print shop                       Blinds may decrease the entry of natural light                                                                                    £0                               £2.50                                   37.8                               0.019
                                                                                                                                           light
                                                                                        Unneccesary to leave lights on between venue close Construct a lighting responsibility plan to ensure that
           48 Lemon Grove lights left on unneccesarily for cleaners                                                                                                                                                       £0                                 £158                                2,313                                  0.99
                                                                                        and arrival of cleaners                            all lights are turned off when appropriate
Kitchen Equipment

                                                                                    temperature settings need to be correct for the             Replace with newer 'Energy Efficiency
           49 Lack of thermostat controls on the Lemmon Grove fridges                                                                                                                                         £200 (per unit)                      £13 (per unit)                   _                                         0.05 (per unit)
                                                                                    contents. Every 1°C saved could reduce energy               Recommended' fridges
                                                                                    consumption by 2%                                           Buy fridge thermometer to check temperature                               £5                                   £3                                   27                                  0.25
              Bottle fridges in Lemmon Grove remain on even when bar isn't used for Keeping bottle fridges cooled when not in use for 48
           50                                                                                                                                   Fit bespoke timer fridge circuits
              48 hours or more                                                      hours is a waste of electricity
                                                                                                                                             Investigate costs and feasibility of putting the fridges                  £240                                  £850                              12,474                                   5.36
                Bottle fridges in Long Lounge / Coffee Expressleft on when bar is not in
           51                                                                            As above                                            on a separate circuit via one switch based on 48h
                use for 48 hours or more as all plugs are on one circuit.
                                                                                                                                             threshold.
                                                                                        Heat expelled from the cooling units can biuld up if
                kitchen in Ram Bar not located in well ventilated areas and therefore
           52                                                                           not ventilated ultimately increasing the energy      Consider mechanical ventilation                                              ??                             £1,000                                15,380                                   6.61
                puts increasing strain on ventilation system to cool area
                                                                                        needed to cool the storage products
                                                                                        It will save money to switch them off especially if
              Ensure chilled drinks cabinets, hot and cold vending machines are
           53                                                                           they have internal lighting which cannot be switched Fit seven day timer plugs                                                 £150                                  £600                                6,600                                  2.84
              turned off after closing hours
                                                                                        off
           54 Dairy deck blinds sometimes left open after closing                                                                            Train staff to close blinds on dairy decks                                   £0                      £125 (per unit)                       1138 (per unit)                        0.6 (per unit)
                                                                                        Closing blinds can save 20% of refrigeration costs
                                                                                                                                             Install eCubes                                                              £89                                 £85                                   775                                   0.4
                                                                                        Metal shutters prevent venting and may result in
           55 Solid metal Shutters in Lemon Grove Bar                                                                                        Replace with vented shutters                                            £1,500                   _                                     _                                     _
                                                                                        aditional energy costs
              Bottle fridges in Lemmon Grove and Ram Bar not set to temperature
           56                                                                                                                                   Set to temperature setting 2                                              £0
              setting 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      £200                                2666                                   1.15
           57 Bottle Fridges in Student Shop not set to temperature setting 2                                                                   Set to temperature setting 2                                              £0
                                                                                       May increase cooling efficiency and reduce overall
         58 Potential to install glycol cooling system to replace spot beer coolers                                                           Trial Glyrol system                                       £3,500                              £510                             7485                           3.22
                                                                                       costs
                                                                                                                                           Write ans implement a Lighting and Equipment
            Unneccesary lighting / lighting left on, office and bar / café equipment   Number of Unions have established the costly nature Responsibility Plan for all areas of the Union tocover
         59                                                                                                                                                                                                 £0                            £2,750                           30250                           13,01
            left on unneccesarily.                                                     of these actions!                                   all lighting and equipment and establish who is
                                                                                                                                           responsible for turning on anf off each.
Storage Areas
                                                                                       It maybe more effective to replace glazing with
         60 Unneccesary windows in Ram storage facility                                                                                       Replace windows with insulated panels                        £20                   _                              _                             _
                                                                                       insulated blank panels
                Alternative Opportunities
                Equipment
                                                                                       Large volumes of warm air are expelled from
                                                                                       kitchens. Over 50% of this heat can be recovered
         61 Reduce kitchen heat loss                                                                                                          Consider heat recovery systems for kitchens                   ??                                ??                               ??                            ??
                                                                                       using heat recovery devices which can significantly
                                                                                       reduce energy costs
                                                                                       Laser printers are often the highest energy users
                                                                                                                                             set up and trial a networked lazer printer and set as
         62 26 personal laser printers in use                                          both in active and standbye modes. A lazer printer in                                                         £350 - 400                             £100                             1,100                          0.47
                                                                                                                                             default.
                                                                                       sleep mode can use double that of an inkjet printer.

         63 Possibility to provide energy on-site                                                                                             Investigate solar hot water heaters / urban turbines          ??                                ??                               ??                            ??
                                                                                                                                              Investigate the installation of geothermal cables
         64 Possibility to provide energy on-site                                                                                                                                                           ??                                ??                               ??                            ??
                                                                                                                                              under Xfi lawn.
                                                                                                                                              Request a free energy efficiency advice visit from
         65 Energy supply companies offer free energy efficiency audits                                                                                                                                     £0                              £750                             9,998                           4.3
                                                                                                                                              your electrical supplier
                                                                                                                                                                                                       £14,068 Investment by Union

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            £12,182.93             Annual savings to Union

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       69.7295       Tonnes of CO² saved




                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Figures above exclude glazing and insulation estimates
CO2 Analysis and Savings: Travel
                         SUMMARY                          RESPONSE                             COMMENT

Average Distance to Work = 8.7 miles

Method of travel

Walking                                                     51.60%            Percentages represent respondants who
Bicycle                                                     6.50%             may have checked more than one box.
Bus                                                         22.60%            However there is clearly a large percentage
Train                                                       6.50%             of respondants choosing to use personal
Car (personal)                                              41.90%            cars, despite an averagethe majority living
Car (shared)                                                12.90%            within walking distance.

Alternative travel Methods

Lack of promotion for car sharing facilities at the       96.6% Agree
University
                                                       56.7% uninterested
Split interest in a potential car sharing facility      43.3% Interested
                                                        25.8% Interested
                                                       58.1% Uninterested
Responses to a 'cycle to work' scheme                     16.1% maybe

Public Transport

                                                                             improvements to 'out of term time' are
Lack of adequate public transport services                 71% Agree         needed
                                                                             Some people live too close for this to make a
                                                                             difference. Personal agenda's limit increased
                                                                             use, i.e driving kids to school, varied working
                                                      46.2% Agree      53.8% hours. Own transport is more convenient
Increased use with better transport                         Disagree

Meetings                                                MAIN MODE OF
                                                         TRANSPORT

0 - 50 miles                                                  Car
50 + miles                                                   Train
International                                                Plane