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					                        PEER TEAM REPORT
                          ON ITS VISIT TO
                       BHAVAN’S COLLEGE,
                    ANDHERI (W), MUMBAI- 400 058.

                           9th & 10th February, 2004.

Section I: Introduction

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, devoted to life, literature and culture is a voluntary national
movement founded in 1938 by Dr. K.M.Munshi, an eminent Lawyer, Statesman and
Gandhian. Bhavan‟s College was established in June 1946 in Andheri (W), Mumbai
with courses in Arts and Science. Commerce was added on in 1980. In recent years,
a number of career-oriented courses have been started. Affiliated to the University of
Mumbai, the College offers currently 29 programme options of subjects (18 Under-
graduate, 6 Post-graduate, one Certificate, one Diploma and 3 Ph.D.). The University
Grants Commission has recognized this institution under 2((f) and 12 B of the UGC
Act., in 1976.

The Faculty numbering 92 (72 permanent, 19 temporary and 1 part-time, of whom 45
are women) and non-teaching staff numbering 132, cater to the student population of

Named after the generous donors as Megji Mathradas College of Arts, Narrondas
Manordas Institute of Science and Haji Rashid Jafar College of Commerce, this
institution, popularly known as Bhavan‟s College, is located in a 45-acre campus in
the metropolitan city of Mumbai. It receives grant-in-aid from the Government of
Maharashtra and follows both semester and annual systems for their academic work
depending upon the courses. The unit cost of education was Rs. 13,167 in 2002-03.

The year 2002, having been declared as the year of QUALITY in Higher Education,
the College decided to carryout an introspective analysis of its current profile and go
in for assessment by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC),
Bangalore. In May 2003, a Steering Committee was constituted with 25 members,

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

drawn from the teaching, office and library staff and students. On the submission of
the   Self-Study Report to NAAC,        a Peer Team was constituted with
Prof. K. Aludiapillai, Former Vice-Chancellor, Madurai Kamaraj University as
Chairman, Prof. Maninder Singh, Professor of English, Khalsa College, Amritsar as
Member and Prof Y. M. Jayaraj, Professor, Department of Microbiology, Gulbarga
University and Special Officer, Quality Assurance Cell, Office of the Commissioner
for Collegiate Education, Govt. of Karnataka, Bangalore as Member-Coordinator.
From the NAAC, Dr. Latha Pillai, Adviser functioned as Coordinator.

The Peer Team was requested to make an on-site visit to the College to validate the
Self-Study Report and furnish to the NAAC a criterion-wise report going through the
prescribed procedure. The team visited the College on 9th and 10th February 2004 and
held detailed discussions with the Principal, members of the Governing Body,
students, teachers, non-teaching staff, parents and alumni. They also checked the
documents supporting the statements in the Self-Study Report. The Peer Team
furnishes below the criterion-wise report.

Section II: Criterion wise Analysis
Criterion I: Curricular Aspects

The Under-graduate Courses offered under grant–in-aid category by the College lead
to B.A., B.Sc., and B.Com. Degrees. A wide range of optionals are available in the
B.A. course. In the third year, Economics, History, English, Philosophy, Political
Science, Hindi, Psychology and Marathi are offered as specialization. A student of
B.A. at Final year has a choice of choosing from among the subjects viz. English,
History, Philosophy, Economics, offered as one of the main optional subjects Marathi,
Hindi, Political Science and Psychology are offered as one of the two optional
subjects at third year B.A. Geography is offered only as an ancillary subject at FY
and SY B.A. A student of Final year B.Sc. has to choose any one from among the

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

Science subjects as a main single option (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics,
Botany, Zoology and Microbiology).

The student strength for many Departments are optimum (Chemistry, Statistics,
Commerce, Accounts, Botany, Zoology, Marathi, Economics) while in a few
Departments (Mathematics, English, Hindi, Political Science, Philosophy and
Psychology), it is very low (and threatens the existence). At the B.Com level, Applied
Component subjects offered include Advertising, Travel and Tourism, Computer
System and Applications, Export Marketing, Entrepreneurship and Management of
Small Scale Industries, Direct and Indirect Taxation, Operations Research and Rural

The Applied Component subjects in the B.Sc. course are Drugs and Dyes
(Chemistry), Electronic Instrumentation/ Computer Science (Maths), Operations
Research (Statistics), Fishery Biology (Zoology), Horticulture and Gardening
(Botany), Food Production and Processing (Microbiology) and Web Designing
(Computer Science).

The variety of Applied Subjects offered provide ample opportunities for acquiring
specific skills needed in the employment market. These also help to blend traditional
knowledge with latest developments in various disciplines.

Self-financing Courses at the Bachelor‟s Degree Level started in recent years viz.
B.Sc. (Computer Science), B.M.S., B.M.M., B.Sc. (IT) and B.Sc. (Biotechnology)
have a definite career-orientation.

A Post-graduate Diploma in Horticulture is also offered. A Certificate/Advanced
Diploma is offered in Biotechnology (Vocational Subject). In 2002-03, M. Sc.
(Computer Science) has been started on Self- financing basis.

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Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

The Departments of Chemistry, Botany, Microbiology, Physics and Zoology also
offer Post- graduation by papers and/or research. The University of Mumbai has
recognized Botany, Chemistry and Microbiology Departments for pursuing research
leading to Ph.D.

The Foundation Course assists in developing Communication Skills.
Sixteen Members of the Faculty are connected with the various academic bodies of
the University facilitating the design, review and modification of the curriculum.
Seven of them are members of Board of Studies/Syllabus Committees.

Summer training and research projects at BARC, CIFE, Laboratories, Hospitals etc
give the students a practical exposure in the subjects.

Criterion II: Teaching, Learning and Evaluation

Admissions to the various courses are made as per regulations of the University and
Government of Maharashtra. For Self-financing Courses, admissions are based on
entrance tests, counseling and interviews. The admission process is clearly spelt out
in the Prospectus.

The differences among learners are kept in view while the instructional pattern and
academic schedule is finalized. In the beginning of the academic year, teaching plan
for the year is decided in Departmental meetings.         Wherever needed, mid term
corrections are made.

Apart from classroom lectures, learner-centered methods like assignments, group
discussions, role-play and presentation are used by several departments. Guest
lectures and lectures by experts are arranged periodically. Audio-visual aids like
OHP, LCD, CDs, charts and models are made use of in teaching. Field Trips and
Internships in industries are arranged by the Departments of Commerce,
Microbiology, BMS, B.Sc. (I.T.) and B.Sc. Computer Science.

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Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

MOU has been signed with the Maharashtra State Corporation for Information
Technology to offer computer proficiency for students and staff at reasonable fees.
Internet connectivity is available in a limited way.

Revision of the syllabus has been done in 13 subjects during the last two years
utilizing the experience of 30 staff members.

Internal assessment is an important component of the evaluation system in the
semesterised courses. For the other courses, evaluation by the University is on an
annual basis. The faculties conduct class tests, quizzes and also follow a system of
centralized system of assessment of answer papers.

The Semester System is followed for FY. And SY. B.A./ B.Com. /B.Sc., with College
itself conducting the examinations and announcing the results. The third year is of
Semester pattern wherein the University conducts the 5th and 6th Semester
examinations. The University results are based on the performance of the final year
(5th & 6th Semester) only.

The Self-financing Courses introduced during the last 4 years – BMS, BMM, B.Sc.
Computer Science/B.Sc. IT and B.Sc. (Biotech) are on Semester pattern for all the
three years. University examinations are followed for 5th and 6th Semesters only for
Self- financing Courses, while the College itself conducts the examinations for the
first four semesters.

A few Departments follow remedial coaching - tutorial – assignment – test method to
focus on the learning process. Other Departments are doing the same in an informal
way as and when found necessary on individual basis.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

The theory of M.Sc. Courses – The University of Mumbai conducts the theory
classes of M.Sc. Courses and Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology and Microbiology
at selected centers while the College is allowed to conduct practical and research on
its campus. The approved strength for each of the P.G. course is 10, of whom the
University selects 7 and 3 are selected by the College. Among the staff of these
Departments, 42 teachers are recognized as P.G. teachers by the University to take
theory classes and Practicals.      The Departments of Botany, Chemistry and
Microbiology offer Ph.D. programmes also.        In the Departments of Botany and
Microbiology, one teacher each is a recognized Ph.D. guide (one retired last year)
while the Department of Chemistry has two Ph. D. guides. So far five students have
obtained their Ph. D. degree.

Self -appraisal reports by teachers and confidential reports are used as tools for
improving the Faculty performance. Students‟ feedback on teaching is obtained in
some Departments.
       Students‟ progress is continuously monitored and this is reflected in the results
of the final examinations wherein the percentage of pass is above 70. It is above
University average. However, the number of first classes and distinction in several
departments is moderate or low.

The students of the Departments of Statistics, Physics, Microbiology and BMS have
obtained University Ranks.

Teaching staff is recruited as per rules of the University and Government. Temporary
and adhoc teachers are appointed and paid by the Management to handle the Self-
financing Courses.

The number of working days for each academic year has been 180.

In the last two years, 27 members of the faculty participated in National Level
Seminars / Conferences and 12 were resource persons at such meets. Nine teachers

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participated at International Conferences and seven teachers were resource persons at
International Conferences. Eighteen members attended Refresher and Orientation
Courses to update their knowledge in their respective disciplines.

Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension

Over 33 % of the teachers hold Ph.D. Degree (25 out of 72). Three teachers availed
of F.I.P. during the last three years. Leave for research is granted liberally.

Currently, there are 10 ongoing research projects with a total outlay of Rs 5.39 lakhs
(Microbiology, Zoology and Botany, maximum being in Microbiology). The Faculty
of Microbiology and Zoology also have ten Industrial Consultancy Projects to pursue
research and are able to offer consultancy to the industry and academic Institutions.
Eleven teachers are pursuing part-time research. Many of the research projects have
a social orientation. Projects have been funded by agencies like UGC, DST, BARC,
Government of Maharashtra, etc.
       Teachers are encouraged to forward research proposals through the Principal
to the concerned authority.

About 16 % of teachers (Microbiology, Zoology, Botany and Chemistry) published
papers in scientific journals and magazines and 18 % of teachers of Arts Faculty have
authored or coauthored books written as per University syllabi. Research papers are
sometimes published in College Souvenir.

The ambience for research is evident in the campus in a few P.G. Departments
(Botany, Zoology, Chemistry and Microbiology), three of which are recognized as
Research Centres for Ph.D. programmes.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

The N.C.C. (Army and Air Wing) has both boys and girls enrolled from this College.
The cadets have fared well and many of them have joined the Army and Air Force
after completing the College Course. The NCC Army Wing is on the Campus with
130 cadets. Four Cadets of NCC Air Wing go to the neighboring College for training.
Apart from providing B and C Certificate Courses, the NCC Unit has motivated and
encouraged students attend RD parade. During the last two years four cadets (two
boys and two girls) have participated in RD Parade at New Delhi.

The N.S.S. Unit of the College with 136 students has been very active. Street Plays
bringing out the need to check social evils, blood donation camps, community
development activities etc. have been undertaken by the volunteers. These have
sensitized the students to the multifarious issues of our society. The NSS Unit works
in close coordination with Government and Non-Government agencies.

The College has recently launched its official web site. The Department of
Zoology/Microbiology has its own website through which the expertise available is
made known to industries etc.

By arranging for Workshops and Seminars for College teachers and Students, the
College has created awareness among students of Arts and Pure (Basic) Science
streams about the enormous opportunities available for them.

Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources

The College campus has easy access to students by train and by bus. The buildings are
sturdy and the classrooms well ventilated. Adequate laboratory facilities are provided.
The College is located on a spacious 45 acres land, with many trees and a natural
pond. The College has 4 building Units – a main building, an adjacent academic
block, Library – Reading Room and a building unit for Self- financing Courses. All
the Science Departments have well furnished laboratories with necessary basic

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

equipments to conduct practicals. The P.G. Departments have research laboratories
also. Senior College shares the buildings and infrastructure with the Junior College.
The Senior College works in the morning shift, while Junior College works in the
afternoon shift. There are adequate number of classrooms. Computer Laboratories
are provided in the Departments of Mathematics/ Statistics, Physics, Computer
Science and IT, as well as each Science Department has been provided with a
computer and a printer. Thus, in all four-computer laboratories with 60 computers,
adequate printers etc are available.

The College Library has around 49,000 books, 27 journals (ten are subscribed for the
Library and the remaining ones are either complimentary or are provided with the
help of donors) and over 100 CDs. Some functions of the library have been
computerized. There is an Advisory Committee for the Library. An annual Book
Exhibition is held. Open access system is followed in the library section catering to
Self-financing Courses.    The Reading room has a capacity to accommodate 200
students at any given time.

An extensive play ground with cricket pitch and 2 volleyball courts is available. The
gymnasium is being renovated.          The campus has a medical center with doctors
attending on specified days.

The students have done well in sports and games at various levels and have won gold,
silver, and bronze medals individually and teamwise. The Physical Instructor of the
Junior College on honorarium basis looks after the sports activities of the College. A
student has won gold, silver and bronze medals at the Inter-University Competitions
in Swimming and Water Polo events in 2003-2004. He has also won a bronze medal
in Swimming Competition at Afro Asian Games held at Hyderabad in 2003. A
College student also represented Maharashtra State Team in Football at Chennai.
Similarly, the students of this College have represented the University Team in

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Cricket, Athletics, Football and Best Physique Events. A student of this College
captained the Cricket Team of Mumbai at Inter-University Tournaments.

The campus is kept clean and green to a larger extent. The students and non-teaching
staff cooperate with the College in this regard.        The University, Government,
Professional and local organizations use the campus facilities for meetings,
examinations, cultural activities and exhibitions.

Other facilities in the campus include quarters for staff, canteen, bank, bookstore, post
office, health center, vehicle parking shed and Non-Resident Students Centre. There is
a Shiva Temple in the campus for offering prayers. The College has been steadily
stepping up the infrastructural facilities to meet the needs of the new courses to an
ever-increasing student population. The infrastructure and buildings are maintained
with the help of funds from Government, Management and Philanthropists.

Criterion V: Student Support and Progression

The Bhavan‟s College offers a large number of academic programmes in Arts,
Science and Commerce to give the aspirant for a Degree, a wide choice depending on
his or her aptitude. To build a healthy body, sports, games and gymnasium facilities
have been provided. A good number of co-curricular and extra- curricular activities
offered in the College through clubs, associations etc help the students to develop
their skills in debating, creative writing, leadership etc. The Students Council is
vibrant and is involved in decision making on matters related to students‟ welfare.
Group Insurance Scheme, covering all students, has been           introduced providing
coverage up to a maximum of Rs. 1 lakh in case of accidents, medicare etc.
Nearly 80 % of students graduating from the College get employment after
completion of the course. The Career Counseling Unit conducts seminars, workshops
etc to guide students on the opportunities available. In the Self-financing Courses
section, a Placement Cell is functioning at Departmental level.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

Psychological Counseling Cell managed by professionals and the faculty is of
immense benefit to students.

Efforts are made to obtain a systematic students‟ feedback and also from the Alumni

The College Prospectus spells out in detail the courses offered, the fee structure,
refund rules, scholarships available, rules of discipline etc. During 2002-03, a fairly
large number of students received financial assistance from the College. The College
has a number of prizes, endowments and fellowships instituted to help the meritorious
and needy students.

Criterion VI: Organisation and Management

Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan is a voluntary, ever-growing, apolitical national movement
solely devoted to life, literature and Culture. Its idea is „The World is one Family‟
and its motto is „Let Noble Thoughts Come to us from all Directions‟.
Dr.K.M.Munshi founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan in 1938. Inauguration of Bhavan‟s
College, Andheri by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in June 1946 was the first major step
in the realm of higher education.     Today, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan runs several
schools and colleges in various parts of the country. It has one hundred twelve
centers in India and seven centers abroad, all aiming at promoting education and
literature to masses.    Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan has been awarded „Communal
Harmony Award 1999‟ by the Govt. of India.

The collegiality in the campus that was witnessed by the Peer Team is mainly due to
the participative management practices. Delegation, decentralization, division of
labour and accountability and authority going hand in hand appears to be responsible
for this.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

The overall development of the campus is the responsibility of a Steering and
Developmental Committee. Other Committees like the Statutory Local Managing
Committee, Budget Committee, Library Committee etc. take care of the functions
assigned to them.
Keeping the welfare of staff in view, many facilities are offered. When there is delay
in receipt of Salary Grant from the Government, salaries are paid from the
Management Funds. Loans are advanced to the needy staff that joins the Credit
Cooperative Society for employees.

Facilities are being provided to office staff to acquire proficiency in the use of
computers. The Principal and the office handle grievance redressal. Two of the
students have been elected Secretary and President of Students‟ Council of University
of Mumbai for 2001-02, and 2002-03.

Criterion VII: Healthy Practices

The College over the years has followed certain healthy traditions and practices.
They are as follows:

    The College has kept pace with changing educational, social and market

     Without losing the moorings in tradition and culture, changes are taking
            place to make education formative rather than informative.

    Six Self-financing Courses, five at the UG level and one at the PG level,
           have been introduced.

    Value based education is offered to promote respect for all religions,
           empathise with weak and suffering etc.

     Short-term subsidized courses are offered in I.T. and computers to staff
            and students

     HAM radio Unit of the Department of Physics helped the people in
            distress during Latur and Gujarat earthquakes.

   Community dimension is focused in many extra- curricular and co-
           curricular activities.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

   Many staff members have been provided with quarters in the Campus

          Group Insurance for non-teaching staff & Accident Insurance for students
           is published.

          Financial assistance is provided to visually impaired students.

          Nature club of the Department of Zoology encourages Migratory           Bird
           watch and a booklet on the same has been produced.

          The Departments of Microbiology, Computer Science, Management
           Studies and IT have taken up industrial consultancy and linkage.

          Active involvement of the staff of Marathi in extension and theatre

          Use of library by students during vacation is commendable.

          Initiative of the Department Zoology in promoting a Web site called
           “Maza” and collection of fossil samples.

          Botanical Garden with rare and endangered species.

          Academic adoption programme of a few Departments.


Overall Analysis and Suggestions

The Bhavan‟s College, which completes 58 years in 2004, is poised to celebrate its
60th year in two years. It is relentlessly pursuing the goal of providing “Creative
Education, the Art of Self-Sculpture” to its students.      Having served the local
community for two generations, it is gearing itself to meet many of the challenges
faced in the realm of higher education today. A continuous review of the academic
programmes and making them socially relevant is very much in focus. The need to
increasingly depend upon its own ability and genius to raise the much-needed
resources has never been more acutely felt than now. The Principal, assisted by the
three Vice-Principals, Faculty and non-teaching staff are fully conscious of the

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

great responsibility devolving on them to fulfill the goals and objectives of the
institution in blending tradition with modernity.

         The Peer Team wishes to place the following suggestions for the development
of the College.

           To offer more Diploma, Certificate and Short-term Courses, imparting a
            wide range of skills such as Spoken English, Event Management, Tourism,
            Travel and Guidance , DTP, Fashion Designing, Jewelry Designing and
            so on.
           To undertake SWOT analysis of the enrollment for basic subjects and
            evolve a strategic     mechanism to make these courses viable and skill
           Formulate a strategy for making all students computer literate while they
           are still in the College.
     Actively involve the Alumni Association and Parents-Teacher Association
           to raise resources, to take up specific projects, to help in placement
           activities, to arrange for training and to provide hands on experience to
           students using their influence etc.
      Consider provision of facilities to coach students for competitive
           examinations conducted by various bodies
          Continue strengthening the infrastructure as the College is bursting in its
           seams due to enormous increase in enrolment and gaining public/ media
           recognition as one of the top ten Commerce Colleges.
          The services of the NSS Volunteers and College students under supervision
           of the staff may be optimally utilized for the upkeep and maintenance of the
          Secure UGC /State Govt. assistance to organize remedial and bridge courses
           as a regular feature to help academically weak students and formalize the

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

     Department Libraries , especially of Departments with Post Graduate teaching
      and research may be established on a regular basis. The General Library may
      be fully automated for all its transactions and open access system may be
      followed at least for P.G. and research students.
     Publication of a Research Journal may be taken up with the help of the
      Publication Wing of the Bhavan‟s Management.
     To establish Women Empowerment Cell.
     Laboratories for Psychology, English and Commerce may be established.
     To adopt more innovative teaching methods and institutionalize the same with
      the help of the expertise of the sister institutions situated in the same Campus.
     Career Guidance, Placement Cell and Group Interviews for the courses offered
      under grant-in-aid category may be provided along with the Self-Supporting
     All the Departments may work out and identify the possibility of academic /
      industrial linkage / twinning programme along with faculty / students
      exchange programme.
     Good auditorium with audio-visual aids to support curricular , co-curricular
      and extra-curricular activities of the College may be established.
     Inter-disciplinary approach in teaching , projects and research may be adopted
      to harness the available academic resources and expertise.
     A separate multi-media room may be provided as a central facility.
     Classrooms with a capacity over 100 may be provided with audio system.
     Courses in fine arts, dance, drama and music may be offered to allow the
      creativity of students and also to supplement the Department of Mass Media.
     Certificate Courses in Gandhian Studies, Yoga Studies and Value and Culture
      may be initiated as value add on components.
     The amateur Radio Club in the Department of Physics may be revived.
     The Morning Prayer and related value based practices may be restarted on
      priority, keeping in pace with the vision of the institute.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.
Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58

      The needy and meritorious students may be provided with more number of
       incentives in the form of scholarships, fellowships, prizes, facilities and so on.
      Apply for autonomy as early as possible.

The Peer Team thanks the Principal, the Co-ordinator, Members of the Governing
Body, Faculty, students, non-teaching staff, parents, and alumni for their
wholehearted cooperation in making the visit purposeful        through their interaction
and response to the queries raised.

       Prof.K. Aludiapillai            Prof.Maninder Singh       Prof.Y.M.Jayaraj
           Chairman                       Member               Member Co-ordinator

   I have read the Report and accept the same.

     Date: 10th February, 2004.

                                              Bhavan‟s College, Andheri(W),
                                                  Mumbai – 400 058.

National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.