PEER TEAM REPORT ON ITS VISIT TO BHAVAN’S COLLEGE, ANDHERI (W), MUMBAI- 400 058. 9th & 10th February, 2004. Section I: Introduction Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, devoted to life, literature and culture is a voluntary national movement founded in 1938 by Dr. K.M.Munshi, an eminent Lawyer, Statesman and Gandhian. Bhavan‟s College was established in June 1946 in Andheri (W), Mumbai with courses in Arts and Science. Commerce was added on in 1980. In recent years, a number of career-oriented courses have been started. Affiliated to the University of Mumbai, the College offers currently 29 programme options of subjects (18 Under- graduate, 6 Post-graduate, one Certificate, one Diploma and 3 Ph.D.). The University Grants Commission has recognized this institution under 2((f) and 12 B of the UGC Act., in 1976. The Faculty numbering 92 (72 permanent, 19 temporary and 1 part-time, of whom 45 are women) and non-teaching staff numbering 132, cater to the student population of 3,730. Named after the generous donors as Megji Mathradas College of Arts, Narrondas Manordas Institute of Science and Haji Rashid Jafar College of Commerce, this institution, popularly known as Bhavan‟s College, is located in a 45-acre campus in the metropolitan city of Mumbai. It receives grant-in-aid from the Government of Maharashtra and follows both semester and annual systems for their academic work depending upon the courses. The unit cost of education was Rs. 13,167 in 2002-03. The year 2002, having been declared as the year of QUALITY in Higher Education, the College decided to carryout an introspective analysis of its current profile and go in for assessment by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), Bangalore. In May 2003, a Steering Committee was constituted with 25 members, _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 2 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ drawn from the teaching, office and library staff and students. On the submission of the Self-Study Report to NAAC, a Peer Team was constituted with Prof. K. Aludiapillai, Former Vice-Chancellor, Madurai Kamaraj University as Chairman, Prof. Maninder Singh, Professor of English, Khalsa College, Amritsar as Member and Prof Y. M. Jayaraj, Professor, Department of Microbiology, Gulbarga University and Special Officer, Quality Assurance Cell, Office of the Commissioner for Collegiate Education, Govt. of Karnataka, Bangalore as Member-Coordinator. From the NAAC, Dr. Latha Pillai, Adviser functioned as Coordinator. The Peer Team was requested to make an on-site visit to the College to validate the Self-Study Report and furnish to the NAAC a criterion-wise report going through the prescribed procedure. The team visited the College on 9th and 10th February 2004 and held detailed discussions with the Principal, members of the Governing Body, students, teachers, non-teaching staff, parents and alumni. They also checked the documents supporting the statements in the Self-Study Report. The Peer Team furnishes below the criterion-wise report. Section II: Criterion wise Analysis Criterion I: Curricular Aspects The Under-graduate Courses offered under grant–in-aid category by the College lead to B.A., B.Sc., and B.Com. Degrees. A wide range of optionals are available in the B.A. course. In the third year, Economics, History, English, Philosophy, Political Science, Hindi, Psychology and Marathi are offered as specialization. A student of B.A. at Final year has a choice of choosing from among the subjects viz. English, History, Philosophy, Economics, offered as one of the main optional subjects Marathi, Hindi, Political Science and Psychology are offered as one of the two optional subjects at third year B.A. Geography is offered only as an ancillary subject at FY and SY B.A. A student of Final year B.Sc. has to choose any one from among the _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 3 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ Science subjects as a main single option (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Statistics, Botany, Zoology and Microbiology). The student strength for many Departments are optimum (Chemistry, Statistics, Commerce, Accounts, Botany, Zoology, Marathi, Economics) while in a few Departments (Mathematics, English, Hindi, Political Science, Philosophy and Psychology), it is very low (and threatens the existence). At the B.Com level, Applied Component subjects offered include Advertising, Travel and Tourism, Computer System and Applications, Export Marketing, Entrepreneurship and Management of Small Scale Industries, Direct and Indirect Taxation, Operations Research and Rural Marketing. The Applied Component subjects in the B.Sc. course are Drugs and Dyes (Chemistry), Electronic Instrumentation/ Computer Science (Maths), Operations Research (Statistics), Fishery Biology (Zoology), Horticulture and Gardening (Botany), Food Production and Processing (Microbiology) and Web Designing (Computer Science). The variety of Applied Subjects offered provide ample opportunities for acquiring specific skills needed in the employment market. These also help to blend traditional knowledge with latest developments in various disciplines. Self-financing Courses at the Bachelor‟s Degree Level started in recent years viz. B.Sc. (Computer Science), B.M.S., B.M.M., B.Sc. (IT) and B.Sc. (Biotechnology) have a definite career-orientation. A Post-graduate Diploma in Horticulture is also offered. A Certificate/Advanced Diploma is offered in Biotechnology (Vocational Subject). In 2002-03, M. Sc. (Computer Science) has been started on Self- financing basis. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 4 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ The Departments of Chemistry, Botany, Microbiology, Physics and Zoology also offer Post- graduation by papers and/or research. The University of Mumbai has recognized Botany, Chemistry and Microbiology Departments for pursuing research leading to Ph.D. The Foundation Course assists in developing Communication Skills. Sixteen Members of the Faculty are connected with the various academic bodies of the University facilitating the design, review and modification of the curriculum. Seven of them are members of Board of Studies/Syllabus Committees. Summer training and research projects at BARC, CIFE, Laboratories, Hospitals etc give the students a practical exposure in the subjects. Criterion II: Teaching, Learning and Evaluation Admissions to the various courses are made as per regulations of the University and Government of Maharashtra. For Self-financing Courses, admissions are based on entrance tests, counseling and interviews. The admission process is clearly spelt out in the Prospectus. The differences among learners are kept in view while the instructional pattern and academic schedule is finalized. In the beginning of the academic year, teaching plan for the year is decided in Departmental meetings. Wherever needed, mid term corrections are made. Apart from classroom lectures, learner-centered methods like assignments, group discussions, role-play and presentation are used by several departments. Guest lectures and lectures by experts are arranged periodically. Audio-visual aids like OHP, LCD, CDs, charts and models are made use of in teaching. Field Trips and Internships in industries are arranged by the Departments of Commerce, Microbiology, BMS, B.Sc. (I.T.) and B.Sc. Computer Science. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 5 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ MOU has been signed with the Maharashtra State Corporation for Information Technology to offer computer proficiency for students and staff at reasonable fees. Internet connectivity is available in a limited way. Revision of the syllabus has been done in 13 subjects during the last two years utilizing the experience of 30 staff members. Internal assessment is an important component of the evaluation system in the semesterised courses. For the other courses, evaluation by the University is on an annual basis. The faculties conduct class tests, quizzes and also follow a system of centralized system of assessment of answer papers. The Semester System is followed for FY. And SY. B.A./ B.Com. /B.Sc., with College itself conducting the examinations and announcing the results. The third year is of Semester pattern wherein the University conducts the 5th and 6th Semester examinations. The University results are based on the performance of the final year (5th & 6th Semester) only. The Self-financing Courses introduced during the last 4 years – BMS, BMM, B.Sc. Computer Science/B.Sc. IT and B.Sc. (Biotech) are on Semester pattern for all the three years. University examinations are followed for 5th and 6th Semesters only for Self- financing Courses, while the College itself conducts the examinations for the first four semesters. A few Departments follow remedial coaching - tutorial – assignment – test method to focus on the learning process. Other Departments are doing the same in an informal way as and when found necessary on individual basis. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 6 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ The theory of M.Sc. Courses – The University of Mumbai conducts the theory classes of M.Sc. Courses and Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology and Microbiology at selected centers while the College is allowed to conduct practical and research on its campus. The approved strength for each of the P.G. course is 10, of whom the University selects 7 and 3 are selected by the College. Among the staff of these Departments, 42 teachers are recognized as P.G. teachers by the University to take theory classes and Practicals. The Departments of Botany, Chemistry and Microbiology offer Ph.D. programmes also. In the Departments of Botany and Microbiology, one teacher each is a recognized Ph.D. guide (one retired last year) while the Department of Chemistry has two Ph. D. guides. So far five students have obtained their Ph. D. degree. Self -appraisal reports by teachers and confidential reports are used as tools for improving the Faculty performance. Students‟ feedback on teaching is obtained in some Departments. Students‟ progress is continuously monitored and this is reflected in the results of the final examinations wherein the percentage of pass is above 70. It is above University average. However, the number of first classes and distinction in several departments is moderate or low. The students of the Departments of Statistics, Physics, Microbiology and BMS have obtained University Ranks. Teaching staff is recruited as per rules of the University and Government. Temporary and adhoc teachers are appointed and paid by the Management to handle the Self- financing Courses. The number of working days for each academic year has been 180. In the last two years, 27 members of the faculty participated in National Level Seminars / Conferences and 12 were resource persons at such meets. Nine teachers _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 7 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ participated at International Conferences and seven teachers were resource persons at International Conferences. Eighteen members attended Refresher and Orientation Courses to update their knowledge in their respective disciplines. Criterion III: Research, Consultancy and Extension Over 33 % of the teachers hold Ph.D. Degree (25 out of 72). Three teachers availed of F.I.P. during the last three years. Leave for research is granted liberally. Currently, there are 10 ongoing research projects with a total outlay of Rs 5.39 lakhs (Microbiology, Zoology and Botany, maximum being in Microbiology). The Faculty of Microbiology and Zoology also have ten Industrial Consultancy Projects to pursue research and are able to offer consultancy to the industry and academic Institutions. Eleven teachers are pursuing part-time research. Many of the research projects have a social orientation. Projects have been funded by agencies like UGC, DST, BARC, Government of Maharashtra, etc. Teachers are encouraged to forward research proposals through the Principal to the concerned authority. About 16 % of teachers (Microbiology, Zoology, Botany and Chemistry) published papers in scientific journals and magazines and 18 % of teachers of Arts Faculty have authored or coauthored books written as per University syllabi. Research papers are sometimes published in College Souvenir. The ambience for research is evident in the campus in a few P.G. Departments (Botany, Zoology, Chemistry and Microbiology), three of which are recognized as Research Centres for Ph.D. programmes. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 8 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ The N.C.C. (Army and Air Wing) has both boys and girls enrolled from this College. The cadets have fared well and many of them have joined the Army and Air Force after completing the College Course. The NCC Army Wing is on the Campus with 130 cadets. Four Cadets of NCC Air Wing go to the neighboring College for training. Apart from providing B and C Certificate Courses, the NCC Unit has motivated and encouraged students attend RD parade. During the last two years four cadets (two boys and two girls) have participated in RD Parade at New Delhi. The N.S.S. Unit of the College with 136 students has been very active. Street Plays bringing out the need to check social evils, blood donation camps, community development activities etc. have been undertaken by the volunteers. These have sensitized the students to the multifarious issues of our society. The NSS Unit works in close coordination with Government and Non-Government agencies. The College has recently launched its official web site. The Department of Zoology/Microbiology has its own website through which the expertise available is made known to industries etc. By arranging for Workshops and Seminars for College teachers and Students, the College has created awareness among students of Arts and Pure (Basic) Science streams about the enormous opportunities available for them. Criterion IV: Infrastructure and Learning Resources The College campus has easy access to students by train and by bus. The buildings are sturdy and the classrooms well ventilated. Adequate laboratory facilities are provided. The College is located on a spacious 45 acres land, with many trees and a natural pond. The College has 4 building Units – a main building, an adjacent academic block, Library – Reading Room and a building unit for Self- financing Courses. All the Science Departments have well furnished laboratories with necessary basic _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 9 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ equipments to conduct practicals. The P.G. Departments have research laboratories also. Senior College shares the buildings and infrastructure with the Junior College. The Senior College works in the morning shift, while Junior College works in the afternoon shift. There are adequate number of classrooms. Computer Laboratories are provided in the Departments of Mathematics/ Statistics, Physics, Computer Science and IT, as well as each Science Department has been provided with a computer and a printer. Thus, in all four-computer laboratories with 60 computers, adequate printers etc are available. The College Library has around 49,000 books, 27 journals (ten are subscribed for the Library and the remaining ones are either complimentary or are provided with the help of donors) and over 100 CDs. Some functions of the library have been computerized. There is an Advisory Committee for the Library. An annual Book Exhibition is held. Open access system is followed in the library section catering to Self-financing Courses. The Reading room has a capacity to accommodate 200 students at any given time. An extensive play ground with cricket pitch and 2 volleyball courts is available. The gymnasium is being renovated. The campus has a medical center with doctors attending on specified days. The students have done well in sports and games at various levels and have won gold, silver, and bronze medals individually and teamwise. The Physical Instructor of the Junior College on honorarium basis looks after the sports activities of the College. A student has won gold, silver and bronze medals at the Inter-University Competitions in Swimming and Water Polo events in 2003-2004. He has also won a bronze medal in Swimming Competition at Afro Asian Games held at Hyderabad in 2003. A College student also represented Maharashtra State Team in Football at Chennai. Similarly, the students of this College have represented the University Team in Basketball, _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 10 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ Cricket, Athletics, Football and Best Physique Events. A student of this College captained the Cricket Team of Mumbai at Inter-University Tournaments. The campus is kept clean and green to a larger extent. The students and non-teaching staff cooperate with the College in this regard. The University, Government, Professional and local organizations use the campus facilities for meetings, examinations, cultural activities and exhibitions. Other facilities in the campus include quarters for staff, canteen, bank, bookstore, post office, health center, vehicle parking shed and Non-Resident Students Centre. There is a Shiva Temple in the campus for offering prayers. The College has been steadily stepping up the infrastructural facilities to meet the needs of the new courses to an ever-increasing student population. The infrastructure and buildings are maintained with the help of funds from Government, Management and Philanthropists. Criterion V: Student Support and Progression The Bhavan‟s College offers a large number of academic programmes in Arts, Science and Commerce to give the aspirant for a Degree, a wide choice depending on his or her aptitude. To build a healthy body, sports, games and gymnasium facilities have been provided. A good number of co-curricular and extra- curricular activities offered in the College through clubs, associations etc help the students to develop their skills in debating, creative writing, leadership etc. The Students Council is vibrant and is involved in decision making on matters related to students‟ welfare. Group Insurance Scheme, covering all students, has been introduced providing coverage up to a maximum of Rs. 1 lakh in case of accidents, medicare etc. Nearly 80 % of students graduating from the College get employment after completion of the course. The Career Counseling Unit conducts seminars, workshops etc to guide students on the opportunities available. In the Self-financing Courses section, a Placement Cell is functioning at Departmental level. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 11 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ Psychological Counseling Cell managed by professionals and the faculty is of immense benefit to students. Efforts are made to obtain a systematic students‟ feedback and also from the Alumni Association. The College Prospectus spells out in detail the courses offered, the fee structure, refund rules, scholarships available, rules of discipline etc. During 2002-03, a fairly large number of students received financial assistance from the College. The College has a number of prizes, endowments and fellowships instituted to help the meritorious and needy students. Criterion VI: Organisation and Management Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan is a voluntary, ever-growing, apolitical national movement solely devoted to life, literature and Culture. Its idea is „The World is one Family‟ and its motto is „Let Noble Thoughts Come to us from all Directions‟. Dr.K.M.Munshi founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan in 1938. Inauguration of Bhavan‟s College, Andheri by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel in June 1946 was the first major step in the realm of higher education. Today, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan runs several schools and colleges in various parts of the country. It has one hundred twelve centers in India and seven centers abroad, all aiming at promoting education and literature to masses. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan has been awarded „Communal Harmony Award 1999‟ by the Govt. of India. The collegiality in the campus that was witnessed by the Peer Team is mainly due to the participative management practices. Delegation, decentralization, division of labour and accountability and authority going hand in hand appears to be responsible for this. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 12 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ The overall development of the campus is the responsibility of a Steering and Developmental Committee. Other Committees like the Statutory Local Managing Committee, Budget Committee, Library Committee etc. take care of the functions assigned to them. Keeping the welfare of staff in view, many facilities are offered. When there is delay in receipt of Salary Grant from the Government, salaries are paid from the Management Funds. Loans are advanced to the needy staff that joins the Credit Cooperative Society for employees. Facilities are being provided to office staff to acquire proficiency in the use of computers. The Principal and the office handle grievance redressal. Two of the students have been elected Secretary and President of Students‟ Council of University of Mumbai for 2001-02, and 2002-03. Criterion VII: Healthy Practices The College over the years has followed certain healthy traditions and practices. They are as follows: The College has kept pace with changing educational, social and market Demands. Without losing the moorings in tradition and culture, changes are taking place to make education formative rather than informative. Six Self-financing Courses, five at the UG level and one at the PG level, have been introduced. Value based education is offered to promote respect for all religions, empathise with weak and suffering etc. Short-term subsidized courses are offered in I.T. and computers to staff and students HAM radio Unit of the Department of Physics helped the people in distress during Latur and Gujarat earthquakes. Community dimension is focused in many extra- curricular and co- curricular activities. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 13 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ Many staff members have been provided with quarters in the Campus Group Insurance for non-teaching staff & Accident Insurance for students is published. Financial assistance is provided to visually impaired students. Nature club of the Department of Zoology encourages Migratory Bird watch and a booklet on the same has been produced. The Departments of Microbiology, Computer Science, Management Studies and IT have taken up industrial consultancy and linkage. Active involvement of the staff of Marathi in extension and theatre activities. Use of library by students during vacation is commendable. Initiative of the Department Zoology in promoting a Web site called “Maza” and collection of fossil samples. Botanical Garden with rare and endangered species. Academic adoption programme of a few Departments. SECTION III : Overall Analysis and Suggestions The Bhavan‟s College, which completes 58 years in 2004, is poised to celebrate its 60th year in two years. It is relentlessly pursuing the goal of providing “Creative Education, the Art of Self-Sculpture” to its students. Having served the local community for two generations, it is gearing itself to meet many of the challenges faced in the realm of higher education today. A continuous review of the academic programmes and making them socially relevant is very much in focus. The need to increasingly depend upon its own ability and genius to raise the much-needed resources has never been more acutely felt than now. The Principal, assisted by the three Vice-Principals, Faculty and non-teaching staff are fully conscious of the _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 14 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ great responsibility devolving on them to fulfill the goals and objectives of the institution in blending tradition with modernity. The Peer Team wishes to place the following suggestions for the development of the College. To offer more Diploma, Certificate and Short-term Courses, imparting a wide range of skills such as Spoken English, Event Management, Tourism, Travel and Guidance , DTP, Fashion Designing, Jewelry Designing and so on. To undertake SWOT analysis of the enrollment for basic subjects and evolve a strategic mechanism to make these courses viable and skill oriented. Formulate a strategy for making all students computer literate while they are still in the College. Actively involve the Alumni Association and Parents-Teacher Association to raise resources, to take up specific projects, to help in placement activities, to arrange for training and to provide hands on experience to students using their influence etc. Consider provision of facilities to coach students for competitive examinations conducted by various bodies Continue strengthening the infrastructure as the College is bursting in its seams due to enormous increase in enrolment and gaining public/ media recognition as one of the top ten Commerce Colleges. The services of the NSS Volunteers and College students under supervision of the staff may be optimally utilized for the upkeep and maintenance of the Campus. Secure UGC /State Govt. assistance to organize remedial and bridge courses as a regular feature to help academically weak students and formalize the same. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 15 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ Department Libraries , especially of Departments with Post Graduate teaching and research may be established on a regular basis. The General Library may be fully automated for all its transactions and open access system may be followed at least for P.G. and research students. Publication of a Research Journal may be taken up with the help of the Publication Wing of the Bhavan‟s Management. To establish Women Empowerment Cell. Laboratories for Psychology, English and Commerce may be established. To adopt more innovative teaching methods and institutionalize the same with the help of the expertise of the sister institutions situated in the same Campus. Career Guidance, Placement Cell and Group Interviews for the courses offered under grant-in-aid category may be provided along with the Self-Supporting Courses. All the Departments may work out and identify the possibility of academic / industrial linkage / twinning programme along with faculty / students exchange programme. Good auditorium with audio-visual aids to support curricular , co-curricular and extra-curricular activities of the College may be established. Inter-disciplinary approach in teaching , projects and research may be adopted to harness the available academic resources and expertise. A separate multi-media room may be provided as a central facility. Classrooms with a capacity over 100 may be provided with audio system. Courses in fine arts, dance, drama and music may be offered to allow the creativity of students and also to supplement the Department of Mass Media. Certificate Courses in Gandhian Studies, Yoga Studies and Value and Culture may be initiated as value add on components. The amateur Radio Club in the Department of Physics may be revived. The Morning Prayer and related value based practices may be restarted on priority, keeping in pace with the vision of the institute. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore. 16 Bhavan’s College Andheri (West), Mumbai – 58 _____________________________________________________________________ The needy and meritorious students may be provided with more number of incentives in the form of scholarships, fellowships, prizes, facilities and so on. Apply for autonomy as early as possible. The Peer Team thanks the Principal, the Co-ordinator, Members of the Governing Body, Faculty, students, non-teaching staff, parents, and alumni for their wholehearted cooperation in making the visit purposeful through their interaction and response to the queries raised. Prof.K. Aludiapillai Prof.Maninder Singh Prof.Y.M.Jayaraj Chairman Member Member Co-ordinator I have read the Report and accept the same. Date: 10th February, 2004. Principal Bhavan‟s College, Andheri(W), Mumbai – 400 058. _____________________________________________________________________ National Assessment and Accreditation Council, Bangalore.