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					                      Table A15: Global Integrity Index (GII)

Data Provider   Global Integrity
Description     Nongovernmental organization located in Washington, United States,
                advocating integrity and accountability in government.
Website         www.globalintegrity.org
Data Source     Global Integrity Index
Type            Expert Assessment
Respondents     Local country experts and peer reviewers recruited by Global Integrity
Frequency       Annually since 2006
Coverage        Mostly developing country sample
Public Access   Yes
Description     The Global Integrity Index uses some 300 indicators to assess the existence
                and effectiveness of anti-corruption mechanisms that promote public
                integrity. They typically pair an indication of the "in law'" existence of a
                particular institutions with an "in practice" assessment of its functioning. We
                use a simple average of the "in practice" components of each of the indicated
                GII indicators, in keeping with our practice of relying purely on perceptions-
                based data in the WGI. Note that in 2007 & 2008 we have carried forward
                scores for those countries that were covered in previous year but not in
                current year.

                                                                                                  2008   2007   2006   2005
                Voice and Accountability
                Civil Society Organizations                                                        X      X      X      ..
                Media                                                                              X      X      X      ..
                Public Access to Information                                                       X      X      X      ..
                Voting & Citizen Participation                                                     X      X      X      ..
                Election Integrity                                                                 X      X      X      ..
                Political Financing                                                                X      X      X      ..

                Political Stability and Absence of Violence
                NA                                                                                 ..     ..     ..     ..

                Government Effectiveness
                NA                                                                                 ..     ..     ..     ..

                Regulatory Quality
                NA                                                                                 ..     ..     ..     ..

                Rule of Law
                Executive Accountability                                                           X      X      X      ..
                Judicial Accountability                                                            X      X      X      ..
                Rule of Law                                                                        X      X      X      ..
                Law Enforcement                                                                    X      X      X      ..

                Control of Corruption
                Anti-Corruption Agency                                                             X      X      X      ..

                Country coverage *                                                                79      66    41      ..
Year of Publication                                        2008   2007   2006   ..
* includes countries carried forward from previous years
2004   2003   2002   2000   1998   1996


 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
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 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..



 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..

 ..     ..     ..     ..     ..     ..
..   ..   ..   ..   ..   ..
                                                                                                          In practice, no
                                                                                                                anti-
                                                                                                         corruption/good
                                                                                                            governance
                                                                   In practice, the                         CSOs have
                                                                   government         In practice, anti- been shut down
                                                                   does not create    corruption/good          by the
                                                                   barriers to the    governance         government for
                                                                   organization of    CSOs actively        their work on
                                                                   new anti-          engage in the         corruption-
                                                                   corruption/good    political and       related issues
                                                                   governance         policymaking       during the study
                                   VA        RL        CC       VA CSOs.              process.                period.
Country                    Code   GII06VA   GII06RL   GII06CC              2a               2b                 2c
Argentina                  ARG     0.69       0.63      0.85              100                50               100
Armenia                    ARM     0.37       0.34      0.10              100                50                0
Azerbaijan                 AZE     0.41       0.42      0.35               50                75               100
Benin                      BEN     0.75       0.77      0.93               75                50               100
Brazil                     BRA     0.69       0.57      0.68              100               100               100
Bulgaria                   BGR     0.78       0.78      0.50               75                75                0
Congo, dem. Rep. (zaire)   ZAR     0.30       0.28      0.13               25                50               100
Egypt                      EGY     0.35       0.43      0.30               25                50               100
Ethiopia                   ETH     0.52       0.66      0.80               75                50                0
Georgia                    GEO     0.66       0.72      0.70              100                50               100
Ghana                      GHA     0.78       0.68      0.78              100                50               100
Guatemala                  GTM     0.63       0.51      0.48               75                50               100
India                      IND     0.65       0.64      0.78               75                50               100
Indonesia                  IDN     0.51       0.56      0.80               75                75               100
Israel                     ISR     0.91       0.82      0.58              100               100               100
Kenya                      KEN     0.52       0.48      0.80               75                75               100
Kyrgyz Republic            KGZ     0.49       0.51      0.00               50                50               100
Lebanon                    LBN     0.53       0.45      0.00               75                50               100
Liberia                    LBR     0.62       0.61      0.00              100                75               100
Mexico                     MEX     0.54       0.34      0.35               50                75               100
Montenegro                 MNP     0.55       0.48      0.08              100                50               100
Mozambique                 MOZ     0.51       0.49      0.35               75                25               100
Nepal                      NPL     0.33       0.47      0.68               25                50                0
Nicaragua                  NIC     0.55       0.49      0.65               75                75               100
Nigeria                    NGA     0.57       0.59      0.80               75                50               100
Pakistan                   PAK     0.52       0.52      0.83               50                50               100
Philippines                PHL     0.49       0.63      0.60              100                75               100
Romania                    ROM     0.78       0.73      0.93              100               100               100
Russia                     RUS     0.43       0.59      0.50               50                50                0
Senegal                    SEN     0.53       0.52      0.45              100                75               100
Serbia                     YUG     0.64       0.63      0.55              100                50               100
Sierra Leone               SLE     0.47       0.34      0.50               75                50               100
South Africa               ZAF     0.73       0.73      0.75              100                75               100
Sudan                      SDN     0.33       0.34      0.28               50                25               100
Tajikistan                 TJK     0.28       0.38      0.48               25                0                100
Tanzania                   TZA     0.45       0.38      0.45               75                50               100
Uganda                     UGA     0.60       0.56      0.55               50                50               100
United States              USA     0.78       0.80      0.85              100                75               100
Vietnam                    VNM     0.27       0.39      0.38               50                50                0
Yemen                      YEM     0.31       0.34      0.38               50                25                0
Zimbabwe                   ZWE     0.39       0.48      0.55               50                50               100
In practice, in    In practice, in                                                                                              In practice, the
the past year,     the past year,     In practice, in                                       In practice,       In practice,     government or
no civil society   no civil society   the past year,                                        where              where            media              In practice,
activists          activists          no civil society                                      necessary,         necessary,       owners/distribut   there is no prior
working on         working on         activists          In practice,    In practice, the   citizens can       citizens can     ion groups do      government
corruption         corruption         working on         citizens are    government         obtain a media     obtain a media   not encourage      restraint on
issues have        issues have        corruption         able to         does not create    license within a   license at a     self-censorship    publishing
been               been physically    issues have        organize into   barriers to form   reasonable         reasonable       of corruption-     corruption-
imprisoned.        harmed.            been killed.       trade unions.   a media entity.    time period.       cost.            related stories.   related stories.
       3a                3b                  3c               4b               6a                  6c               6d               7b                   7c
      100                100                100                50              50                  50                50               50                  50
       0                  0                 100                50              25                 100                75               25                  50
      100                100                100                50              50                  50                50               50                  75
      100                100                100               100             100                 100                50               50                  75
      100                100                100                75              75                  0                 50               50                  50
      100                100                100                75              75                  50               100               50                 100
       0                  0                 100                75              50                  50                25               25                  75
      100                100                100                50              0                   0                 50               25                  50
      100                100                100                50              25                  50                50              100                 100
      100                 0                 100                50             100                 100               100               25                  75
      100                100                100                75             100                  75                75              100                 100
      100                100                100                50              75                 100                75               75                  75
       0                  0                 100                75              75                  50                50               75                  75
      100                 0                 100                50              75                  50                50               75                 100
      100                100                100                75              75                  75                75               75                 100
       0                 100                100                50              75                  25                50               50                  75
      100                 0                 100                50              50                  0                 75               50                  75
      100                100                100               100              50                  50               100               50                 100
      100                100                100               100             100                  50                75               50                 100
      100                100                100                25              25                  0                 0                25                  50
      100                100                100                75             100                 100               100               25                  25
      100                100                100                75              50                  50                75               50                  50
       0                  0                 100                75              25                  50                50               50                  25
      100                100                100               100              75                  50                50               75                 100
      100                100                100               100              75                  50                50               50                  50
      100                100                100                50              50                  50                50               50                  50
      100                100                 0                 75              75                  75                75               50                 100
      100                100                100               100             100                  50                25               50                  75
      100                100                100                50              50                  75                75               25                  25
      100                100                100                75              50                  50                75               50                  50
      100                100                100                75              75                 100               100               75                 100
      100                100                100                75              75                  50                75               25                  75
      100                100                100               100             100                 100               100               50                 100
      100                100                100                50              25                  50                25               50                  0
      100                100                100                50              25                  0                 25               0                   25
      100                100                100                50              75                  50                50               50                  75
      100                100                100                50              50                  50                50               50                 100
      100                100                100                75              75                  50                75              100                 100
       0                 100                100                50              50                  25                25               50                  50
      100                 0                  0                 50              25                  25                25               25                  50
      100                100                100                50              25                  50                0                25                  50
                 In practice,
                 during the most                                                                                              In practice,
In practice,     recent election,   In practice,        In practice, in   In practice, in                                     citizens receive   In practice,
journalists and political parties   political parties   the past year,    the past year,    In practice, in                   responses to       citizens can
editors adhere or independent       and candidates      no journalists    no journalists    the past year,                    access to          use the access
to strict,       candidates         have equitable      investigating     investigating     no journalists  In practice, is   information        to information
professional     received fair      access to state-    corruption have   corruption have   investigating   the ruling party requests within     mechanism at
practices in     media              owned media         been              been physically   corruption have distinct from the a reasonable       a reasonable
their reporting. coverage.          outlets.            imprisoned.       harmed.           been killed.    state?            time period.       cost.
     8b                 8c                8d                  9a               9b                 9c                26              11a               11b
      50                75                 50                100               100               100                50               50                50
      25                25                 0                  0                 0                100                25               25                75
      50                50                 25                 0                 0                100                0                25                0
      50               100                100                100               100               100                75               75                75
      50                75                100                100                0                 0                 50               50                25
      75                75                100                100                0                100                75               75               100
      25                25                 0                  0                 0                 0                 50               0                 0
      75                25                 0                  0                 0                100                0                0                 0
      50                75                 75                 0                100               100                50               50                50
      25                50                100                100               100               100                25               50               100
      50               100                 75                100               100               100               100               50                75
      75                50                 25                100               100               100                50               50                75
      75                75                100                100                0                 0                 75               50                50
      50                75                 75                 0                 0                 0                 25               50                50
     100               100                100                100               100               100                75               50                75
      50                75                 50                 0                 0                100                25               50                50
      25               100                 75                100               100               100                25               50               100
      25                50                100                100               100               100                75               50               100
      25                25                 25                100               100               100                50               25                25
      50                50                 50                 0                 0                 0                 50               50               100
      75                50                 25                100               100               100                25               50                50
      50                50                 50                100                0                100                75               50                50
      50                50                 0                  0                 0                100                25               50                50
      75                75                100                100               100               100                50               0                 25
      50                75                 50                100               100               100                75               25                25
      50               100                 25                 0                 0                 0                 0                75                75
      50                50                 0                 100                0                 0                 50               50               100
      50                25                 75                100                0                100               100               75               100
      50                0                  0                  0                 0                 0                 25               50                50
      75                75                 0                  0                100               100                50               25                25
      50               100                100                100               100               100                75               25                25
      25                50                 0                 100                0                100                25               25                50
      75               100                 75                100               100               100                50               25                50
      50                0                  0                 100               100               100                0                50                0
      25                25                 0                  0                 0                100                0                50                25
      50                50                 50                100               100               100                50               25                0
      50                75                 50                100               100               100                0                50                50
     100               100                100                100               100               100                75               50               100
      50                50                 25                 0                 0                100                0                0                 25
      25                50                 50                 0                 0                 0                 50               25                25
      25                25                 0                  0                 0                100                0                50                50
In practice,
citizens can      In practice,
resolve appeals   citizens can      In practice, the
to access to      resolve appeals   government                        In practice,   In practice,                                             In practice, an
information       to information    gives reasons                     ballots are    elections are    In practice, all     In practice, all   opposition party
requests within   requests at a     for denying an In practice, all   secret or      held according   citizens are         citizens can run   is represented
a reasonable      reasonable        information      adult citizens   equivalently   to a regular     able to form         for political      in the
time period.      cost.             request.         can vote.        protected.     schedule.        political parties.   office.            legislature.
     11c               11d               11e              13a              13b            13c               14c                 14d                14e
      25                25                50              100              100            100               100                  25                 50
      0                 50                50               75               50             75               100                  50                 25
      0                 0                 25              100               50            100                50                  0                  0
      50                75                50              100              100            100                75                 100                 25
      25                25                25              100              100            100               100                 100                100
      75               100                75              100              100            100                75                  75                100
      0                 0                 0                75               75             50                75                  50                 75
      0                 0                 0                75               0              75                50                  25                 25
      50                50                50              100               75             75                75                  75                 50
      25               100                50              100              100            100               100                 100                 25
      25                75                25              100              100            100               100                  75                100
      25                50                25               75              100            100                75                  50                 75
      50                50                75              100              100            100               100                 100                100
      50                50                25               75               75             75               100                  75                 50
      75                75                75              100              100            100               100                 100                100
      50                50                25               75               75            100                75                  50                100
      0                 0                 0               100               50            100                75                  50                 50
      0                 0                 0                75               75            100               100                 100                100
      25                0                 0                75               75             0                100                  50                100
      50                50               100               75               75            100                75                  50                100
      0                100                25               75              100            100               100                 100                 25
      50                25                25               75               75             75                75                  50                 75
      25                25                0                50               50             0                 50                  50                 50
      0                 25                0               100              100            100                50                  50                100
      0                 0                 0               100               75            100                75                  50                 75
      25                50                25              100               75             25               100                  25                100
      25                25                25               75              100            100               100                  75                 75
      75                75                75              100              100            100                75                 100                100
      25                75                50              100               25            100                50                  25                 25
      0                 0                 50              100              100             50               100                  50                 50
      25                25                50              100              100            100               100                 100                100
      0                 0                 0               100               50             50               100                  75                 50
      25                25                25              100              100            100               100                  75                100
      0                 0                 0                50               50             25                25                  50                 50
      25                0                 25               75               25             75                0                   0                  25
      0                 0                 0                75               50            100                50                  50                 25
      50                50                50               50               50            100                50                  50                100
      50                25                50               75              100            100               100                  75                 50
      0                 0                 25               50               75            100                0                   25                 0
      25                0                 50               75               50            100                50                  50                 25
      50                50                50               75               50             75               100                  75                100
                                                                                                                                                 In practice, the
                                                                                                                                                 limits on
                                                                                                                                                 individual
                                                                                                                                                 donations to
In practice,                                                                                                                                     candidates and
agency (or set                      In practice, the                                                                                             political parties
of                                  agency or set of   In practice,                                                                              are effective in
agencies/entitie                    agencies/entitie   when                                In practice,                          In practice,    regulating an
s)                 In practice, the s makes timely,    necessary, the                      election results   In practice, the   election        individual's
appointments       agency or set of publicly           agency or set of   In practice,     can be             military and       observers are   ability to
are made that      agencies/entitie available          agencies/entitie   there is a clear effectively        security forces    able to         financially
support the        s has a          reports            s imposes          and transparent appealed            remain neutral     effectively     support a
independence       professional,    following an       penalties on       system of voter through the         during             monitor         candidate or
of the agency.     full-time staff. election cycle.    offenders.         registration.    judicial system.   elections.         elections.      political party.
     16b                16c              16d                16e                17a               17c                17d               17f              19a
      75                 50              100                 50                 75                75                100               100               25
      25                 50               50                 25                 25                75                 0                 75               25
      0                 100               50                 25                 50                0                  25                75               0
     100                100              100                 0                  75                75                100               100               75
      75                100              100                 75                100               100                100               100               75
      75                100              100                 75                100               100                100               100               50
      50                 50               50                 25                 50                25                 0                 75               0
     100                 25              100                 0                  0                 25                 0                 50               0
     100                 50               25                 50                100                50                 50                50               0
      75                 50               50                 25                100               100                 75                50               50
     100                100              100                 75                100                75                100               100               0
      75                 75               75                 25                 75                75                100               100               50
     100                100              100                100                 75                75                100               100               25
      50                 50               50                 50                 50                50                 75                75               50
     100                100              100                100                100               100                100               100               75
      75                 75              100                 25                 75                50                 75               100               0
      25                 50              100                 50                 25                50                 50                75               0
      0                  0                0                  0                  75                25                100                75               0
      75                 75              100                 50                 75               100                100               100               0
      50                100               75                 50                 75                50                 50                75               50
      0                  0                0                  0                 100                75                 50               100               0
      0                  0                0                  0                  75                50                 75                75               25
      50                 50               50                 50                 50                50                 50                75               0
      0                  75               25                 0                  75                50                100                75               0
      50                 50               75                100                100               100                 50               100               0
      50                 75               75                 50                 75                75                 25                50               50
      25                 75               50                 25                 50                75                 25                50               0
      50                100               75                 75                 75                75                100               100               75
      25                 50               75                 50                 50                0                  50                25               25
      50                 75              100                100                 50                25                100                75               0
      0                  0               100                 0                 100               100                100               100               0
      75                100               50                 25                 50                25                 50               100               0
     100                100              100                100                 75               100                100               100               0
      0                  50               25                 0                  0                 25                 0                 50               25
      0                  25               25                 0                  0                 25                 0                 50               0
      50                 50               25                 0                  50                75                 50                50               0
      50                100               50                100                 50                50                 25               100               0
      25                100              100                 50                 75                75                100               100               50
      0                  0                0                  50                 50                25                 75                0                0
      50                 75               75                 25                 50                50                 50                75               0
      0                  50               50                 75                 50                50                 0                 0                0
In practice, the
limits on
corporate           In practice, the
donations to        limits on total                                                             In practice,
candidates and      party               In practice,       In practice,                         political parties   In practice,
political parties   expenditures        when               when                                 and candidates      citizens can        In practice,
are effective in    are effective in    necessary, an      necessary, an                        disclose data       access the          citizens can
regulating a        regulating a        agency or entity   agency or entity                     relating to         financial           access the
company's           political party's   monitoring         monitoring                           financial           records of          financial                In practice, the
ability to          ability to fund     political          political          In practice,      support and         political parties   records of               chief executive
financially         campaigns or        financing          financing          contributions to expenditures         and candidates      political parties        gives reasons
support a           politically-        independently      imposes            political parties within a            within a            and candidates           for his/her
candidate or        related             initiates          penalties on       and candidates reasonable             reasonable          at a reasonable          policy
political party.    activities.         investigations.    offenders.         are audited.      time period.        time period.        cost.               RL   decisions.
      19b                 19c                19d                19e                 19f               20a                 20b                 20c                      22a
       50                  50                 50                 50                  50                75                 100                 100                       50
       25                  0                  0                  25                  0                 25                  0                   0                        25
       0                   25                 25                 25                  25                50                  25                  0                        50
       75                  75                 0                  0                   0                 50                  50                 100                       75
       50                  25                 75                 75                  0                 50                  50                  50                       75
       50                  75                 50                 50                  75                50                  50                  50                       75
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        25
       50                  50                 50                 50                  50                0                   0                   0                        0
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        75
       75                  0                  0                  0                   0                 25                  75                 100                       50
       0                   0                  25                 75                  50                50                 100                 100                      100
       0                   0                  50                 50                  25                0                   0                   0                        50
       50                  0                  50                 25                  25                50                  25                  25                       75
       50                  0                  0                  0                   25                25                  25                  25                       50
       75                  75                100                100                 100               100                  50                 100                      100
       0                   0                  0                  25                  0                 0                   25                  50                       75
       0                   0                  25                 50                  25                0                   0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                       100
       0                   0                  50                 0                   0                 50                 100                 100                       75
       0                   25                 50                 50                  50                25                  50                  50                       50
       75                  0                  0                  0                   0                 25                  0                   0                        50
       25                  25                 25                 25                  25                25                  25                  25                       50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   50                0                   0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 25                  0                   0                        75
       0                   0                  50                 0                   50                0                   0                   0                        50
       50                  25                 50                 50                  50                25                  0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        50
       50                  50                 75                 50                  50                75                  75                 100                      100
       50                  25                 50                 25                  25                75                  25                  25                       50
       0                   0                  25                 0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 25                  25                  25                       75
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   25                  0                        25
       0                   0                  0                  0                   50                50                  50                  50                      100
       25                  0                  0                  0                   25                0                   0                   0                        0
       0                   0                  25                 25                  50                50                  0                   0                        25
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        25
       50                  0                  50                 50                  25                0                   75                  50                       50
       50                  0                  50                 25                  50               100                 100                 100                       75
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        50
       0                   0                  0                  0                   0                 0                   0                   0                        50
                                                                                       In practice,
               In practice, the    In practice, the                                    citizens can     In practice,
               chief executive     regulations                                         access the       citizens can
               limits the use of   restricting post-   In practice, the                asset            access the
               executive           government          regulations      In practice,   disclosure       asset                              In practice,
In practice,   orders for          private sector      governing gifts executive       records of the   disclosure        In practice,      there are
when           establishing        employment for      and hospitality branch asset    heads of state   records of the      there is a        certain
necessary, the new                 heads of state      offered to       disclosures    and              heads of state    transparent     professional
judiciary      regulations,        and                 members of the (defined here    government       and              procedure for criteria required
reviews the    policies, or        government          executive        as ministers   within a         government at       selecting   for the selection
actions of the government          and ministers       branch are       and above) are reasonable       a reasonable     national-level of national-level
executive.     practices.          are effective.      effective.       audited.       time period.     cost.                judges.         judges.
     22c              22d                24f                24g             24h             25b              25c             31a              31b
      50               0                  25                 25              50              50              100             100               75
      50               25                 0                  0               0               25               75              0                50
      25               75                 0                  0               0               0                0              100               50
      75              100                 0                  0               75             100              100             100              100
     100               25                 50                100              0              100              100              0                50
     100               75                 0                  50              0              100              100             100               75
      0                75                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                25
      25               0                  0                  0               0               0                0               0                0
      50              100                 0                  50              0               0                0              100              100
      50               75                 0                  50              50              75              100             100               75
     100              100                 0                  0               0               0                0              100              100
      50               75                 0                  50              50              0                0              100              100
     100               75                 0                  50              75              50               75             100              100
      50              100                 0                  50              75              50               50             100              100
     100              100                 75                 75              50              0                0              100              100
      75               75                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                75
      50               0                  0                  0               0              100              100             100               50
      0                75                 0                  0               0               75               0              100               75
     100              100                 0                  0               0               50               50             100               75
      75               50                 25                 50              0              100              100             100               75
      25               25                 0                  0               0              100              100             100               25
      25               50                 25                 25              75              25               25             100               75
      50               25                 0                  25              0               0                0               0               100
      50              100                 0                  25              50              0                0               0                25
     100               50                 0                  0               0               0                0              100              100
      50               25                 0                  25              50              0                25              0                25
      75               25                100                 0               25              75               75             100               75
      75               75                 0                  0               0              100              100             100               75
      25               75                 25                 25              25              25               25             100               75
      50               25                 0                  0               0               0                0              100              100
      75              100                 0                  0               0               0                0              100               75
      0                25                 0                  0               0               0                0              100              100
     100              100                 0                 100              50              0                0              100              100
      50               25                 0                  0               0               0                0              100               50
      25               50                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                25
      50               75                 0                  0               0               0                0               0               100
      75               50                 25                 0               75              75               75             100              100
      75               75                 25                 75              0              100              100             100              100
      0                50                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                50
      0                50                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                50
      50               50                 0                  0               0               0                0               0                75
                                   In practice,
                   In practice,        when
                       when      necessary, the                                                                                           In practice, in
                 necessary, the       judicial                                                                                            the last year, no
                      judicial   ombudsman (or                                                                                            judges have
In practice,     ombudsman (or      equivalent                    In practice,                                           In practice,     been physically
members of the      equivalent      agency or   In practice,      citizens can      In practice, do   In practice, are   national-level   harmed
national-level      agency or     mechanism) appeals are          use the appeals   judgments in      judicial           judges are       because of
judiciary give    mechanism)         imposes    resolved within   mechanism at      the criminal      decisions          protected from   adjudicating
reasons for          initiates    penalties on a reasonable       a reasonable      system follow     enforced by the    political        corruption
their decisions. investigations.    offenders.  time period.      cost.             written law?      state?             interference.    cases.
32b                  32e              32f       68b               68c               69                70                 71b              72a
      100             50               50              50                50                75                75                 50              100
       25             25               0               25                25                25                25                 25              100
       25             0                0               75                75                0                 50                 0               100
      100             75               50              75                75                50                50                100              100
      100             0                50              25                25               100               100                 75              100
      100             75               75              75               100               100                50                 75              100
      100             0                0               25                0                 50                50                 50              100
      100             75              100              75                75               100                75                 0               100
       50             50               25              75                75               100               100                 75              100
       25            100              100              75                75                75                75                 50              100
      100             75               75              25                50               100                50                100              100
       0              75               75             100                25                75                50                 50              100
       75             0                0               50                50                75               100                 75              100
       75             50               50              50                50                50                50                 50              100
      100             75               75              50               100               100               100                100              100
       50             50               50              50                50                50                75                 75              100
       50             50               50              50                75                25                50                 25              100
       75             0                0               50                0                 75                50                 25              100
      100             0                0               50                50                50               100                100              100
       50             25               25              50                25                0                 25                 50               0
       75             25               25              0                 75                0                 25                 0               100
       75             0                0               25                25                75                50                 50              100
      100             50               25              50                50                50                50                 50              100
       50             0                0               50               100                50                75                 25              100
      100             50              100              25                25               100                75                100              100
      100             75               75              25                50                75                75                 75              100
       75             50               50              50                50               100                75                 75              100
      100             0                0               50                75                50               100                 75              100
       50             75               50              50                75                50                50                 50              100
      100             0                0               25               100                75               100                 25              100
       75             0                0               50                75                75                75                 50              100
       25             25               0               0                 50                25                50                 0               100
      100             50              100              50               100               100                75                100              100
       50             25               25              50                25                75                50                 75              100
       50             0                0               50                50                50                25                 50              100
       75             0                0               25                50                50                50                 50              100
      100             50               50              50                50               100                50                 50              100
      100             50               50             100                75               100               100                100              100
       25             25               25              50                50                50                75                 25              100
       50             50               0               25                25                25                25                 50              100
      100             50               50              50                25               100                75                 50              100
                                                                                                                                    In practice,
                                                                                                                                    appointments
In practice, in                                                                                                                     to the law
the last year, no                                       In practice, the    In practice,                         In practice, all   enforcement     In practice, the
judges have         In practice,                         state provides     citizens earning   In practice, a    citizens have      agency (or      agency (or
been killed         judicial            In practice,      legal counsel     the median         typical small     access to a        agencies) are   agencies) has a
because of          decisions are      women have        for defendants     yearly income      retail business   court of law,      made            budget
adjudicating        not affected by    full access to       in criminal     can afford to      can afford to     regardless of      according to    sufficient to
corruption          racial or ethnic    the judicial        cases who       bring a legal      bring a legal     geographic         professional    carry out its
cases.              bias.                  system.      cannot afford it.   suit.              suit.             location.          criteria.       mandate.
72b                 73a                    73b                73c           73d                73e               73f                74a             74b
      100                  50               75                 75                  75                 75                75                 50              50
      100                 100              100                 50                  50                 75                50                 0               25
      100                  75              100                 75                  50                 50                75                 25             100
      100                 100               75                 75                  75                 75               100                 75              75
      100                  25              100                 50                  0                  25                50                100              25
      100                 100              100                 50                 100                100               100                 50             100
      100                  50               75                 25                  0                  25                25                 25              25
      100                 100               50                 50                  0                  50                50                 75              75
      100                  75               75                 75                 100                100                50                 50             100
      100                  75              100                100                  50                100                75                 50             100
      100                 100              100                100                  50                 0                100                 75              50
      100                  25               25                 50                  25                 25                50                 50              50
      100                  75               75                100                  50                 50                50                 75              50
      100                  50               25                 50                  25                 50                50                 50              50
      100                 100              100                100                 100                100               100                 75             100
      100                  75               25                 25                  50                 25                50                 50              50
      100                  75               50                 75                  50                 50                50                 25              50
       0                   75              100                 75                  75                100               100                 25              50
      100                 100              100                100                  50                 50                25                 75             100
       0                   25               50                 0                   0                  0                 25                 50              50
      100                  50               50                 50                 100                100               100                 0              100
      100                  75               75                 75                  50                 50                25                 50              25
      100                 100              100                 50                  50                 50                25                 50              50
      100                  50               50                 50                  75                 75               100                 75              50
      100                 100               75                 75                  25                 25                50                100              50
      100                 100               25                 75                  50                 50                50                 25              50
      100                  75               75                 75                  50                 50                75                 75              50
      100                  75              100                100                 100                100               100                 75              75
      100                  75              100                 50                  75                 75                75                 50              75
      100                 100               75                100                  75                 25                50                 50              75
      100                 100              100                 75                 100                100               100                 50             100
      100                 100               25                 25                  50                 25                25                 50              50
      100                  75               75                100                  75                100                50                 75              75
      100                  50               25                 50                  50                 50                25                 0               0
      100                  75               75                 50                  50                 25               100                 0               75
      100                  50               25                 50                  50                 25                0                  50              50
      100                  50               25                 25                  50                 50                50                 25              25
      100                  25               75                 75                 100                100               100                100             100
      100                  50               75                 75                  50                 50                50                 25              75
      100                  25               50                 50                  50                 50                25                 25             100
      100                  50               75                 50                  50                 50                25                 50              50
                                       In practice,
                                          when
                 In practice, the   necessary, the
                 independent          agency/entity
                 reporting           independently                                               In practice, the
                 mechanism               initiates                                                  head of the    In practice,
                 responds to         investigations    In practice, law         In practice, the    agency (or    appointments
In practice, the citizen's          into allegations   enforcement                 agency (or      agencies) is   to the agency In practice, the In practice, the
agency is        complaints         of corruption by   officials are not          agencies) is   protected from (or agencies)      agency (or       agency (or
protected from within a                     law        immune from              protected from removal without are based on agencies) has a          agencies)
political        reasonable           enforcement      criminal                     political        relevant      professional  professional,        receives
interference.    time period.            officials.    proceedings.        CC    interference.     justification.     criteria.  full-time staff. regular funding.
74c              75b                     75d           75f                           66b              66c             66d              66e              66f
       50               75                75                  50                      75              100             100              100               75
       0                25                0                   0                       0                0               0                0                0
       25               0                 0                   50                      0                0               50               50               50
       75               75                75                  75                     100              100             100              100              100
       75               0                 50                  50                     100               0               50              100               50
       50              100                75                  50                      25               50              50               50               50
       0                0                 25                  25                      0                25              0                50               25
       0                50                0                   50                      0                0               75               75              100
       50               50               100                  75                      75               50              50              100              100
       75               50                75                  50                      50               75              75               75               75
      100               50                75                 100                     100               0               75              100               75
       25               75                25                  75                      25               50              75               50              100
       25               50                50                  75                      75               75              75              100               75
       50               50                50                  50                     100              100             100               75              100
       75               50                50                  75                      50               50              50               75               75
       25               75               100                  50                      50              100             100              100              100
       25               50                50                  50                      0                0               0                0                0
       25               25                0                   0                       0                0               0                0                0
       0                50                0                  100                      0                0               0                0                0
       25               0                 0                   0                       0                0               50               75               50
       0                50                50                  50                      0                0               0                25               25
       50               25                50                  50                      50               25              25               50               50
       50               0                 50                  50                      50              100              50               75               75
       75               50                0                   50                      50               75              50               75               75
       50               25                50                  75                      75              100             100               75               75
       25               50                75                  75                      75               75              50               75              100
       50               50                0                   75                      50               50              75               50               75
       75               75               100                 100                     100               50             100              100              100
       50               50                50                  50                      25               25              50               50              100
       25               50                50                  50                      50              100              50               50               50
       50               50                50                 100                      0                75              50               0                75
       25               25                25                  25                      25               50              50               75               50
       75               25                25                  50                      75              100              75               75               75
       25               25                0                   0                       25               25              0                50               50
       0                75                25                  50                      25               25              0                50              100
       25               25                50                  50                      25               25              75               75               75
       25               25                75                  50                      50              100              50               50               75
       50               75                75                 100                      50               75             100              100              100
       25               50                25                  25                      25               50              25               50               75
       25               25                25                  25                      25               0               25               75               75
       50               50                0                  100                      25               25              50               75              100
                                    In practice,  In practice, the
                 In practice, the      when       anti-corruption   In practice,
                   agency (or     necessary, the     agency (or     citizens can
In practice, the agencies) has      agency (or    agencies) acts complain to the
  agency (or        sufficient       agencies)     on complaints     agency (or
   agencies)     powers to carry independently        within a       agencies)
makes regular         out its         initiates     reasonable     without fear of
 public reports.    mandate.      investigations.   time period.   recrimination.
     66g              66h             66i              67a              67b
     100               75              75               75               75
      50               25              25               0                0
      75               50              25               25               25
     100              100              75               50              100
     100               50             100               25              100
      75               50              50               50               50
      25               0               0                0                0
      0                25              0                25               0
     100              100              75               75               75
      50               75              75               75               75
     100               75             100              100               50
      25               25              50               0                75
     100               75              75               50               75
      25              100              75               75               50
      0                50              50               75              100
     100               75              50               50               75
      0                0               0                0                0
      0                0               0                0                0
      0                0               0                0                0
      50               0               50               50               25
      25               0               0                0                0
      25               25              25               25               50
      75               75              75               50               50
      75               75              75               25               75
      50              100             100               50               75
     100              100              75               75              100
      50               50              50               75               75
     100              100             100               75              100
      50               50              50               50               50
      0                0               0                75               75
     100               0              100               50              100
      75               50              50               25               50
      75               75              75               50               75
      25               50              0                0                50
      75               25              0                75              100
      0                0               75               25               75
      50               75              50               0                50
     100              100              75               75               75
      0                50              25               25               50
      25               25              25               50               50
      50               50              75               50               50
                                                                                                     In practice, no
                                                                                                     anti-
                                                                                                     corruption/good
                                                                                                     governance
                                                               In practice, the                      CSOs have
                                                               government         In practice, anti- been shut down
                                                               does not create    corruption/good by the
                                                               barriers to the    governance         government for
                                                               organization of    CSOs actively their work on
                                                               new anti-          engage in the corruption-
                                                               corruption/good    political and      related issues
                                                               governance         policymaking       during the study
                                                          VA   CSOs.              process.           period.
Country              Code   GII07VA   GII07RL   GII07CC              2a                  2b                2c
Algeria              DZA     0.28      0.40       0.20               0                   0                 0
Argentina            ARG     0.69      0.49       0.73              100                  50               100
Armenia              ARM     0.50      0.40       0.00              100                  50               100
Azerbaijan           AZE     0.49      0.40       0.35               75                  25               100
Bangladesh           BGD     0.49      0.43       0.75               50                  50               100
Benin *              BEN     0.75      0.77       0.93               75                  50               100
Bosnia-Herzegovina   BIH     0.69      0.49       0.58               50                  50               100
Brazil *             BRA     0.69      0.57       0.68              100                 100               100
Bulgaria             BGR     0.86      0.76       0.68              100                  75               100
Burundi              BDI     0.53      0.23       0.18               75                  75               100
Cameroon             CMR     0.46      0.36       0.25               75                  50               100
Canada               CAN     0.81      0.62       0.53              100                 100               100
China                CHN     0.25      0.39       0.40               25                  25                0
Colombia             COL     0.50      0.49       0.53              100                  50               100
Congo, dem. Rep. *   ZAR     0.30      0.28       0.13               25                  50               100
Costa Rica           CRI     0.71      0.62       0.80              100                  25               100
Ecuador              ECU     0.66      0.47       0.88               75                  50               100
Egypt                EGY     0.30      0.47       0.40               25                  50                0
Ethiopia *           ETH     0.52      0.66       0.80               75                  50                0
France               FRA     0.80      0.61       0.55               75                  50               100
Georgia              GEO     0.57      0.46       0.03               75                  75               100
Ghana *              GHA     0.78      0.68       0.78              100                  50               100
Guatemala *          GTM     0.63      0.51       0.48               75                  50               100
India                IND     0.63      0.55       0.83               75                  50               100
Indonesia *          IDN     0.51      0.56       0.80               75                  75               100
Israel *             ISR     0.91      0.82       0.58              100                 100               100
Italy                ITA     0.84      0.73       0.68              100                  50               100
Japan                JPN     0.83      0.75       0.90              100                  50               100
Jordan               JOR     0.56      0.67       0.88              100                  50               100
Kazakhstan           KAZ     0.52      0.51       0.40               75                  50               100
Kenya                KEN     0.60      0.46       0.85               75                  75               100
Kyrgyzstan           KGZ     0.47      0.47       0.35               50                  50                0
Latvia               LVA     0.79      0.77       0.83              100                  75               100
Lebanon              LBN     0.46      0.47       0.00               75                  75               100
Liberia *            LBR     0.62      0.61       0.00              100                  75               100
Malawi               MWI     0.57      0.57       0.53               75                  75               100
Mexico               MEX     0.50      0.23       0.35               50                  50               100
Moldova              MDA     0.45      0.30       0.60               50                  50               100
Montenegro *         MNP     0.55      0.48       0.08              100                  50               100
Mozambique           MOZ     0.55      0.33       0.28               75                  50               100
Nepal                NPL     0.54      0.42       0.73               75                  50               100
Nicaragua *          NIC     0.55      0.49       0.65               75                  75               100
Nigeria              NGA     0.45      0.44       0.60               75                  50               100
Pakistan             PAK     0.53      0.56       0.60               75                  50               100
Peru                 PER     0.61      0.49       0.03               50                  75               100
Philippines          PHL     0.49      0.47       0.53               75                  75               100
Romania              ROM     0.71      0.64       0.85              100                 100               100
Russia               RUS     0.41      0.48       0.58               25                  25               100
Senegal *            SEN     0.53      0.52       0.45              100                  75               100
Serbia *             YUG     0.64      0.63       0.55              100                  50               100
Sierra Leone            SLE       0.58   0.33   0.50   100   75   100
South Africa *          ZAF       0.73   0.73   0.75   100   75   100
Spain                   ESP       0.82   0.72   0.58   100   50   100
Sri Lanka               LKA       0.43   0.42   0.68    50   50   100
Sudan *                 SDN       0.33   0.34   0.28    50   25   100
Tajikistan              TJK       0.40   0.33   0.23    50   25   100
Tanzania                TZA       0.50   0.38   0.43    75   50    0
Thailand                THA       0.50   0.52   0.53    75   0    100
Timor-Leste             TMP       0.63   0.40   0.58    75   50   100
Uganda                  UGA       0.43   0.47   0.58    50   50   100
Ukraine                 UKR       0.65   0.54   0.53   100   75   100
United States           USA       0.80   0.77   0.83   100   75   100
Vanuatu                 VUT       0.53   0.55   0.75   100   50   100
Vietnam *               VNM       0.27   0.39   0.38    50   50    0
Yemen *                 YEM       0.31   0.34   0.38    50   25    0
Zimbabwe *              ZWE       0.39   0.48   0.55    50   50   100

* carried forward from GII 2006
In practice, in    In practice, in                                                        In practice,
the past year,     the past year,     In practice, in                                     where            In practice,
no civil society   no civil society   the past year,                                      necessary,       where                               In practice, the
activists          activists          no civil society                   In practice, the citizens can     necessary,                          government
working on         working on         activists          In practice,    government       obtain a print   citizens can                        does not create
corruption         corruption         working on         citizens are    does not create media license     obtain a print    In practice, is   barriers to form
issues have        issues have        corruption         able to         barriers to form within a         media license     the ruling party a broadcast
been               been physically    issues have        organize into   a print media    reasonable       at a reasonable   distinct from the (radio and TV)
imprisoned.        harmed.            been killed.       trade unions.   entity.          time period.     cost.             state?            media entity.
       3a                 3b                 3c                4b              6a               6c               6d                                  7a
       0                 100                100                25              25               50               50                 ..               0
      100                100                100                75              75              100              100                 ..               50
       0                 100                100                50             100              100              100                 ..               25
      100                100                100                50             100              100              100                 ..               25
      100                100                100                75              50               25               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100               100             100              100               50                 75                ..
      100                100                100                75              75               75               50                 ..              100
      100                100                100                75              75               0                50                 50                ..
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 ..               75
       0                  0                 100                50              75               75               75                 ..               75
      100                100                100                75             100               75               75                 ..               50
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 ..               50
       0                  0                 100                50              0                25               0                  ..               0
       0                  0                  0                 25             100              100              100                 ..               50
       0                  0                 100                75              50               50               25                 50                ..
      100                100                100                50             100              100              100                 ..              100
      100                100                100               100              50               75               75                 ..               75
       0                  0                 100                50              25               25               25                 ..               0
      100                100                100                50              25               50               50                 50                ..
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 ..               75
       0                  0                 100                50             100              100              100                 ..               25
      100                100                100                75             100               75               75                100                ..
      100                100                100                50              75              100               75                 50                ..
       0                  0                 100                50              75               50               50                 ..               75
      100                 0                 100                50              75               50               50                 25                ..
      100                100                100                75              75               75               75                 75                ..
      100                100                100               100             100              100              100                 ..               25
      100                100                100               100             100              100              100                 ..               75
       0                 100                100                75              75               75               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100                50              50               75               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100                50              75               50               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100                25              75               75               75                 ..               50
      100                100                100                50              75              100               75                 ..               50
      100                100                100                50              50               50               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100               100             100               50               75                 50                ..
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 ..               50
      100                100                100                25              50               75               75                 ..               25
       0                 100                100                25              50               75               75                 ..               25
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 25                ..
      100                100                100                75              75               75               75                 ..               50
      100                100                100                50              75               50               75                 ..               75
      100                100                100               100              75               50               50                 50                ..
      100                100                100                50              75               50               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100                75              50               50               50                 ..               50
      100                 0                  0                100             100               50               50                 ..               50
      100                100                100                75              75              100              100                 ..               50
      100                100                100                75             100              100              100                 ..               75
      100                 0                  0                 50              50               75               75                 ..               75
      100                100                100                75              50               50               75                 50                ..
      100                100                100                75              75              100              100                 75                ..
100   100   100    75   100   100   100   ..   100
100   100   100   100   100   100   100   50     ..
100   100   100   100   100    75   100   ..    50
100   100   100    50   100   100   100   ..    25
100   100   100    50    25    50    25   0      ..
100   100   100    50    25    25    50   ..    25
 0    100   100    50    50    50    50   ..    50
 0    100   100    50    75   100   100   ..    50
100   100   100    75    75   100   100   ..   100
100   100   100    50    50    75    50   ..    25
100   100   100    75    50    50    50   ..    75
100   100   100    75   100   100   100   ..    75
100   100   100    25   100    75    75   ..    50
 0    100   100    50    50    25    25   0      ..
100    0     0     50    25    25    25   50     ..
100   100   100    50    25    50    0    0      ..
In practice,
where            In practice,
necessary,       where                                                 In practice, the   In practice,                         In practice,
citizens can     necessary,        In practice, the                    government or      there is no prior                    during the most
obtain a         citizens can      government                          media              government          In practice,     recent election,   In practice,
broadcast        obtain a          does not           In practice, the owners/distribut   restraint (pre-     journalists and political parties   political parties
(radio and TV)   broadcast         prevent citizens   government       ion groups do      publication         editors adhere or independent       and candidates
media license    (radio and TV)    from accessing     does not         not encourage      censoring) on       to strict,       candidates         have equitable
within a         media license     content            censor citizens self-censorship     publishing          professional     received fair      access to state-
reasonable       at a reasonable   published          creating         of corruption-     corruption-         practices in     media              owned media
time period.     cost.             online.            content online. related stories.    related stories.    their reporting. coverage.          outlets.
      7c               7d                8a                 8b               9b                  9c                10c               10d                10e
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 75    100    100    100     75   100   25    50    25
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 25     25     75    100     25    50   25    25    25
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 25     50     75     75     50    50   75    25    25
 50     50    100     75     50    75   50    50    50
 50     50     25     25     25    50   50    25    25
100    100    100    100     50    75   25    75    50
 50     25    100     50    100    50   50    50    25
 25     25    100     75     75    75   25    50    50
 50     75    100    100    100   100   75   100   100
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                                                    In practice,                        In practice,
In practice, in   In practice, in                   citizens receive   In practice,     citizens can      In practice,
the past year,    the past year,    In practice, in responses to       citizens can     resolve appeals   citizens can      In practice, the
no journalists    no journalists    the past year, access to           use the access   to access to      resolve appeals   government
investigating     investigating     no journalists  information        to information   information       to information    gives reasons
corruption have   corruption have   investigating   requests within    mechanism at     requests within   requests at a     for denying an In practice, all
been              been physically   corruption have a reasonable       a reasonable     a reasonable      reasonable        information      adult citizens
imprisoned.       harmed.           been killed.    time period.       cost.            time period.      cost.             request.         can vote.
     11a               11b               11c              13a               13b              13c               13d               13e              15a
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                                                                                  In practice,
                                                                                  agency (or set                      In practice, the
                                                                                  of                                  agency or set of   In practice,
                                                                                  agencies/entitie                    agencies/entitie   when
                                                                                  s)                 In practice, the s makes timely,    necessary, the
In practice,   In practice,                                       In practice, an appointments       agency or set of publicly           agency or set of
ballots are    elections are  In practice, all In practice, all opposition party are made that       agencies/entitie available          agencies/entitie
secret or      held according citizens are       citizens can run is represented support the         s has a          reports            s imposes
equivalently   to a regular   able to form       for political    in the          independence       professional,    following an       penalties on
protected.     schedule.      political parties. office.          legislature.    of the agency.     full-time staff. election cycle.    offenders.
     15b            15c              16c              16d              16e              18b               18c              18d                18e
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 50    75   100    75    50    50    75    50    25
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 50    75    75    75   100    50   100    50    50
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                                                                       In practice, the    In practice, the
                                                                       limits on           limits on
                                                                       individual          corporate           In practice, the
                                                                       donations to        donations to        limits on total
                                                                       candidates and      candidates and      party               In practice,       In practice,
                                                                       political parties   political parties   expenditures        when               when
                                                                       are effective in    are effective in    are effective in    necessary, an      necessary, an
                 In practice,                          In practice,    regulating an       regulating a        regulating a        agency or entity   agency or entity
                 election results   In practice, the   election        individual's        company's           political party's   monitoring         monitoring
In practice,     can be             military and       observers are   ability to          ability to          ability to fund     political          political
there is a clear effectively        security forces    able to         financially         financially         campaigns or        financing          financing
and transparent appealed            remain neutral     effectively     support a           support a           politically-        independently      imposes
system of voter through the         during             monitor         candidate or        candidate or        related             initiates          penalties on
registration.    judicial system.   elections.         elections.      political party.    political party.    activities.         investigations.    offenders.
     19a               19c                19d               19f              21a                 21b                 21c                21d                21e
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 50    50    50   100   0    0    0    0    0
 75   100   100   100   0    0    0    0    0
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 50    50    50    50   0    0    0    0    0
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 75    50    0     50   0    0    25   25   50
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 25    75    50   100   25   25   0    25   25
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 50   100   100   100   0    0    0    0    0
 50    25    75    0    0    0    0    0    0
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 50    50    0     0    0    0    0    0    0
                  In practice,                                                                                   In practice, the    In practice, the
                  political parties   In practice,                                                               chief executive     regulations
                  and candidates      citizens can        In practice,                                           limits the use of   restricting post-   In practice, the
                  disclose data       access the          citizens can                                           executive           government          regulations
                  relating to         financial           access the                              In practice,   orders for          private sector      governing gifts
                  financial           records of          financial              In practice, the when           establishing        employment for      and hospitality
In practice,      support and         political parties   records of             chief executive necessary, the new                  heads of state      offered to
contributions to expenditures         and candidates      political parties      gives reasons judiciary         regulations,        and                 members of the
political parties within a            within a            and candidates         for his/her      reviews the    policies, or        government          executive
and candidates reasonable             reasonable          at a reasonable        policy           actions of the government          and ministers       branch are
are audited.      time period.        time period.        cost.             RL   decisions.       executive.     practices.          are effective.      effective.
      21f               22a                 22b                22c                    24a              24c              24d                26f                26g
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       50                50                 100                100                     25               50               50                 0                  0
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               In practice,
               citizens can     In practice,                                                          In practice,
               access the       citizens can                                        In practice,      when
               asset            access the                                          when              necessary, the                  In practice, the
In practice,   disclosure       asset            In practice,                       necessary, the    judicial                        regulations
executive      records of the   disclosure       there are                          judicial          disciplinary      In practice, restricting post-
branch asset   heads of state   records of the   certain           In practice,     disciplinary      agency (or          there is a  government
disclosures    and              heads of state   professional      members of the agency (or          equivalent        transparent private sector
(defined here  government       and              criteria required national-level   equivalent        mechanism)       procedure for employment for
as ministers   within a         government at    for the selection judiciary give   mechanism)        imposes             selecting   national-level
and above) are reasonable       a reasonable     of national-level reasons for      initiates         penalties on     national-level judges are
audited.       time period.     cost.            judges.           their decisions. investigations.   offenders.           judges.    effective.
     26h             27b             27c              33b               34b              34e               34f                              35e
      0               50             100               75                25               25               100              ..               0
     75               50              75               50               100               50                50              ..               0
      0               0               75               75                25               25                50              ..               0
      0               0               0                50               100               25                50              ..               50
      0               0               0                50                75               50                50              ..               0
     75              100             100              100               100               75                50             100                ..
      0               75              50               75               100               50                75              ..               0
      0              100             100               50               100                0                50              0                 ..
     50              100             100              100               100               75                75              ..               0
      0               0               0                50                75               0                 0               ..               0
      0               0               0                50                25               50                50              ..               0
      0               50             100               50                75               75                75              ..               25
      0               0               0                50                50               50                50              ..               50
     50               0               0                75                50               75                50              ..               0
      0               0               0                25               100                0                 0              0                 ..
     50               0               0                75               100               75                75              ..               0
     25               0               0                75                50               50                50              ..               0
      0               0               0                25               100               75                50              ..               0
      0               0               0               100                50               50                25             100                ..
      0               50              50              100                75               75                75              ..               75
      0               50             100               50                50               25                50              ..               0
      0               0               0               100               100               75                75             100                ..
     50               0               0               100                 0               75                75             100                ..
     75               75              75              100                75               0                 0               ..               0
     75               50              50              100                75               50                50             100                ..
     50               0               0               100               100               75                75             100                ..
     50              100             100              100               100              100               100              ..               0
     25              100              75              100                75              100               100              ..               50
      0               0               0               100               100               75                75              ..               0
     25               0               25               25               100               50                50              ..               25
     50               0               0                75                50               50                50              ..               0
      0              100             100               50                50               0                 50              ..               0
     75              100             100              100                50               75                75              ..               75
      0               50              0                50                75               50                50              ..               0
      0               50              50               75               100                0                 0             100                ..
     50               50              50              100                75               50                75              ..               0
      0               0               0                75                50               25                25              ..              100
      0               25              0                75                25               50                25              ..               0
      0              100             100               25                75               25                25             100                ..
      0               0               0                50                50               25                25              ..               0
      0               0               0               100               100               50                50              ..               0
     50               0               0                25                50                0                 0              0                 ..
      0               0               0               100               100               25                75              ..              100
     50               50              50              100               100              100               100              ..              100
     50               50              50              100                50               75               100              ..               0
     25               75              75               75                75               50                75              ..               0
      0              100             100               50               100               25                25              ..               0
      0               25              25               75                50               75                50              ..               0
      0               0               0               100               100                0                 0             100                ..
      0               0               0                75                75                0                 0             100                ..
0     0     0     75    75   25   25     ..    0
50    0     0    100   100   50   100   100     ..
0    100   100   100   100   75   75     ..    0
0     0     0     75    75   50   50     ..    75
0     0     0     50    50   25    25   100     ..
0     0     0     50    50   25   25     ..    0
0     25    25   100    75   25   25     ..    0
50   100   100   100   100   75   75     ..    0
0     0     0     75    75   50   50     ..    0
50    25    25    75    75   25    0     ..    0
0     75   100   100    50   50   50     ..    0
0     75   100   100   100   50   75     ..    75
50    25    50   100   100   0     0     ..   100
0     0     0     50    25   25    25    0      ..
0     0     0     50    50   50    0     0      ..
0     0     0     75   100   50    50    0      ..
In practice, the
regulations                        In practice,       In practice,
governing gifts                    citizens can       citizens can
and hospitality                    access judicial    access judicial                     In practice,                                           In practice,
offered to         In practice,    asset              asset             In practice,      citizens can      In practice, do   In practice, are   national-level
members of the     national-level  disclosure         disclosure        appeals are       use the appeals   judgments in      judicial           judges are
national-level     judiciary asset records within a   records at a      resolved within   mechanism at      the criminal      decisions          protected from
judiciary are      disclosures are reasonable         reasonable        a reasonable      a reasonable      system follow     enforced by the    political
effective.         audited.        time period.       cost.             time period.      cost.             written law?      state?             interference.
     35f                35g              36b               36c               74b               74c                 75               76                77b
      25                 75               0                 0                 50                25                 0                25                 50
      0                  0                0                 25                25                50                 75               75                 50
      0                  50               25               100                50                50                 25               50                 50
      25                 0                0                 0                 50                50                 25              100                 0
      75                 0                0                 0                 25                25                 50               50                 50
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               75                75                 50               50                100
      50                 0                0                 0                 50                75                 50               25                 50
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               25                25                100              100                 75
      50                 50               75               100                75               100                100               75                 75
      0                  0                0                 0                 25                75                 25               25                 0
      0                  0                0                 0                 50                50                 50               25                 25
      50                 0                50                75                75                50                100               75                 75
      25                 0                0                 0                 25                25                 50               50                 50
      50                 75               0                 0                 25                50                 50               50                 50
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               25                 0                 50               50                 50
      50                 75               0                 0                 50                50                 75              100                100
      0                  25               50                50                25                75                 50               50                 25
      50                 0                0                 0                 75                75                 75               75                 50
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               75                75                100              100                 75
      75                 0                0                 0                 50                75                 75               75                 50
      0                  0                75                75                75                25                 25               50                 25
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               25                50                100               50                100
       ..                 ..               ..                ..              100                25                 75               50                 50
      75                 0                0                 0                 25                50                 75               75                 75
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               50                50                 50               50                 50
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               50               100                100              100                100
     100                 0                0                 0                 25                75                100              100                 50
      50                 0                0                 0                 75                75                100               75                100
     100                 25               0                 0                100               100                100               75                100
      25                 75               25                25                75                75                 50               50                 25
      0                  0                0                 0                 50                25                 50               75                 75
      0                  0               100               100                50                50                 25               50                 25
      50                 75              100               100                50                75                 75               50                 75
      0                  0                50                0                 50               100                100               75                 25
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               50                50                 50              100                100
      75                 50               50                50                25                75                 75               50                 50
      0                  0                0                 0                 50                0                  0                25                 50
      0                  25               0                 0                 25                25                 50               25                 25
       ..                 ..               ..                ..                0                75                  0               25                  0
      0                  0                0                 0                 25                50                 50               50                 25
      0                  0                0                 0                 25                50                 50               50                 75
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               50               100                 50               75                 25
      50                 0                0                 0                 25                50                 75               50                 75
      50                100               0                 0                 25                25                100               75                 50
      50                 25               50                50                0                 50                 50               50                 50
      50                 0                50                50                25                25                 50               50                 50
      50                 0               100               100                50                50                 75               75                 50
      0                  0                0                 0                 50                75                 50               50                 25
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               25               100                 75              100                 25
       ..                 ..               ..                ..               50                75                 75               75                 50
 25    0     0     0      25    0     25    25    25
  ..    ..    ..    ..    50   100   100    75   100
100    0     0     0      25   75    100    50    75
 0     0     0     0      25   50    100   100    25
  ..    ..    ..    ..    50    25    75    50    75
 0     0     0     0      75   50    100    50    25
 0     0     25    50     25   25     50    50    50
 50    50    0     0      0    50     75    75    50
 0     0     0     0      50   50     75    50    75
 75    50    50    50     50   50    100    75    50
 0     0     0     0      50   50     75    75    75
 75    0     75    75    100   75    100   100   100
 25    0     0     0      50   50    100    75    75
  ..    ..    ..    ..    50    50    50    75    25
  ..    ..    ..    ..    25    25    25    25    50
  ..    ..    ..    ..    50    25   100    75    50
                                                                                                                                                       In practice,
In practice, in                                                                                                                                        appointments
the last year, no   In practice, in                                         In practice, the                                                           to the law
judges have         the last year, no                                       state provides     In practice,                         In practice, all   enforcement
been physically     judges have         In practice,                        adequate legal     citizens earning   In practice, a    citizens have      agency (or
harmed              been killed         judicial           In practice,     counsel for        the median         typical small     access to a        agencies) are
because of          because of          decisions are      women have       defendants in      yearly income      retail business   court of law,      made
adjudicating        adjudicating        not affected by    full access to   criminal cases     can afford to      can afford to     regardless of      according to
corruption          corruption          racial or ethnic   the judicial     who cannot         bring a legal      bring a legal     geographic         professional
cases.              cases.              bias.              system.          afford it.         suit.              suit.             location.          criteria.
      78a                 78b                 79a                79b              79d               79e                 79f               79g               80a
      100                 100                  75                 75               50                50                  50               100                50
      100                 100                  50                 50               50                50                  50                50                75
      100                 100                 100                100               50                50                  50                50                0
      100                 100                 100                100               75                50                  50               100                25
      100                 100                  75                 75               50                50                  50                75                50
      100                 100                 100                 75               75                75                  75               100                75
      100                 100                  50                100               50                50                  50                75                25
      100                 100                  25                100               50                 0                  25                50               100
      100                 100                  75                100               50               100                 100               100                50
      100                 100                  25                 25               0                 25                  75                50                50
      100                 100                  75                 50               25                50                  50                75                50
      100                 100                  75                100               50                25                  50                75                75
      100                 100                  75                 50               50                50                  50                50                50
      100                 100                  50                 50               25                50                  50                25                50
      100                 100                  50                 75               25                 0                  25                25                25
      100                 100                 100                100              100                50                  50               100                25
      100                 100                  50                100               50               100                  75                25                50
      100                 100                 100                100               50                75                  50                75                75
      100                 100                  75                 75               75               100                 100                50                50
      100                 100                  75                100               75                50                  75                75                50
      100                 100                 100                100               50               100                  50                75                25
      100                 100                 100                100              100                50                   0               100                75
      100                 100                  25                 25               50                25                  25                50                50
      100                 100                  50                 75               75                50                  50                50                75
      100                 100                  50                 25               50                25                  50                50                50
      100                 100                 100                100              100               100                 100               100                75
      100                 100                 100                100              100               100                 100               100                75
      100                 100                  75                100              100               100                 100                75               100
      100                 100                 100                100              100                75                 100                75               100
      100                 100                 100                 75               50                75                  75                75                25
      100                 100                  75                 50               25                50                  25                50                50
      100                 100                  50                 50               50                50                  50                75                25
      100                 100                  75                100               75                75                  75                50                75
      100                 100                  50                100               50               100                  75               100                25
      100                 100                 100                100              100                50                  50                25                75
      100                 100                  75                 50               50                75                  50                25                75
       0                   0                   25                 50               0                 0                   0                 25                50
      100                 100                  75                 75               50                25                  25                25                25
      100                 100                  50                 50               50               100                 100               100                 0
      100                 100                  75                 75               25                50                  50                25                50
      100                 100                 100                 75               50                25                  50                25                50
      100                 100                  50                 50               50                75                  75               100                75
      100                 100                  75                 50               0                 50                  25                50                50
      100                 100                  75                 50               75                50                  50                50                25
      100                 100                  50                 75               25                50                  0                 25                50
       0                   0                   75                100               50                75                  50                75                50
      100                 100                  50                100              100                75                 100                75                75
      100                 100                  75                100               50                75                  75                75                50
      100                 100                 100                 75              100                75                  25                50                50
      100                 100                 100                100               75               100                 100               100                50
100   100   100    50   25     25    25    25    75
100   100    75    75   100    75   100    50    75
100   100    75   100   75    100   100   100   100
100   100   100    75   75     50    50    50    25
100   100    50    25    50    50    50    25     0
100   100    75    50   50     0     25    75    50
100   100    50    25   25     50    25    25    50
100   100   100    75   50     50    50    25    25
100   100    50    50   50     50    50    50    25
100   100    75    75   50     25    25    25    25
100   100   100   100   75     75    75   100    75
100   100    50    75   75    100   100    75   100
100   100    50    50   75     50    50    25    50
100   100    50    75    75    50    50    50    25
100   100    25    50    50    50    50    25    25
100   100    50    75    50    50    50    25    50
                                  In practice, the
                                  independent        In practice,
                                  law                when
                                  enforcement        necessary, the
In practice, the                  complaint          agency/entity                                            In practice, the In practice,
law                               reporting          independently                                            head of the anti- appointments
enforcement      In practice, the mechanism          initiates                               In practice, the corruption        to the anti-
agency (or       law              responds to        investigations     In practice, law     anti-corruption agency (or         corruption     In practice, the
agencies) has a enforcement       citizen's          into allegations   enforcement          agency (or       agencies) is      agency (or     anti-corruption
budget           agency is        complaints         of corruption by   officials are not    agencies) is     protected from agencies) are     agency (or
sufficient to    protected from within a             law                immune from          protected from removal without based on           agencies) has a
carry out its    political        reasonable         enforcement        criminal             political        relevant          professional   professional,
mandate.         interference.    time period.       officials.         proceedings.      CC interference.    justification.    criteria.      full-time staff.
     80b               80c              81b               81d                81f                   72b              72c             72d             72e
      75                25               0                 25                 25                    0                0               25              25
      50                75               75                75                 50                    50              100              75             100
      75                0                0                 0                  0                     0                0               0               0
      75                25               25                25                 0                     25               0               25              50
      50                25               50                50                 50                    75               75              75              50
      75                75               75                75                 75                   100              100             100             100
     100                25               50                25                 50                    50               50              50              75
      25                75                0                50                 50                   100                0              50             100
     100                50               75                75                100                    25               50              75              75
      25                0                0                 0                  25                    0                0               25              25
      50                25               50                25                 50                    25               25              25              25
      50                75               50                50                 50                    50               75              50              50
      50                25               25                50                 50                    25               50              25              50
      75                50               25                50                 50                    50               50              25              75
      25                 0                0                25                 25                     0               25               0              50
      50                75               50               100                100                    75               75              75             100
      50                50               50                50                 75                    75              100             100             100
      75                0                50                50                 50                    0                0               75             100
     100                50               50               100                 75                    75               50              50             100
      75                75               50                50                 50                    50               75              50              50
     100                0                0                 50                 25                    25               0               0               0
      50               100               50                75                100                   100                0              75             100
      50                25               75                25                 75                    25               50              75              50
      50                25               50                75                 75                    75              100              75             100
      50                50               50                50                 50                   100              100             100              75
     100                75               50                50                 75                    50               50              50              75
      75                50               0                 75                 75                    50               50             100              50
     100               100               75                75                100                   100              100             100              75
      75                75              100                75                100                   100              100             100              75
     100                25               25                25                 75                    25               25              25              0
      50                50               75               100                 50                    50               75             100             100
      50                25               50                50                 25                    50               0               25              50
      50                75               50               100                100                    75               75              75              75
      50                25               0                 0                  25                    0                0               0               0
     100                 0               50                 0                100                     0                0               0               0
      50                25               50                50                 50                    50               0               75              50
      50                25               0                 0                  0                     0                0               50              75
      25                0                25                50                 25                    25               25              50              75
     100                 0               50                50                 50                     0                0               0              25
      25                25               0                 25                 25                    25               25              25              25
      50                50               25                50                 50                    50              100             100              75
      50                75               50                 0                 50                    50               75              50              75
      25                25               25                25                 50                    50              100              75              75
      50                0                25                50                 50                    25               50              50              75
      50                50               0                 25                 50                    25               0               0               0
      50                50               50                25                 25                    50               75              50              50
     100                75               25                75                100                    50               50             100             100
      75                50               50                50                 50                    50               50              50              75
      75                25               50                50                 50                    50              100              50              50
     100                50               50                50                100                     0               75              50               0
 50    25   25    50    75    25    25    75    75
 75    75   25    25    50    75   100    75    75
100   100   0    100   100    25    0     50    50
 50    0    0     0    100    75   100    75    50
  0    25   25     0     0    25    25     0    50
 50    0    0     50    50    0     0     0     0
 50    25   25    25    50    25    25    75    75
 25    50   50    25    25    0     0     75    75
 50    25   50    50    50    50    75    50    50
 50    50   25    50    50    50    50   100    50
 25    75   50    50    50    25    25    50   100
100    75   75    75   100    50    75   100   100
 50    50   75   100    50   100   100    75    75
 75    25   50    25    25    25    50    25    50
100    25   25    25    25    25     0    25    75
 50    50   50     0   100    25    25    50    75
                                                     In practice,
                                  In practice, the   when              In practice, the   In practice,
                                  anti-corruption    necessary, the    anti-corruption    citizens can
In practice, the In practice, the agency (or         anti-corruption   agency (or         complain to the
anti-corruption anti-corruption agencies) has        agency (or        agencies) acts     anti-corruption
agency (or       agency (or       sufficient         agencies)         on complaints      agency (or
agencies)        agencies)        powers to carry    independently     within a           agencies)
receives         makes regular out its               initiates         reasonable         without fear of
regular funding. public reports. mandate.            investigations.   time period.       recrimination.
     72f               72g              72h               72i                73a               73b
      25                50               25                25                 25                0
      50               100               75                25                100                50
      0                 0                0                 0                  0                 0
     100                50               25                25                 25                25
     100                75              100                75                 50                75
     100               100              100                75                 50               100
     100                50               50                50                 50                50
      50               100               50               100                 25               100
      75               100              100                50                 75                50
      50                0                25                25                 0                 25
      25                25               25                25                 25                25
      50                75               25                50                 50                50
      50                50               50                50                 25                25
      50                75               75                50                 50                25
      25                25                0                 0                  0                 0
     100                75               75                75                 75                75
     100               100               50               100                 75                75
     100                50               50                0                  0                 25
     100               100              100                75                 75                75
      50                75               50                50                 50                50
      0                 0                0                 0                  0                 0
      75               100               75               100                100                50
     100                25               25                50                  0                75
     100               100               75                75                 50                75
     100                25              100                75                 75                50
      75                 0               50                50                 75               100
      50                75               50                50                100               100
     100                75              100               100                 75                75
      75                50              100               100                 75               100
      25                75               75                75                 50                25
     100               100               75               100                 75                75
     100                25               0                 0                  50                50
     100               100               75               100                 75                75
      0                 0                0                 0                  0                 0
       0                 0                0                 0                  0                 0
     100                75               50                50                 25                50
      75                50               0                 50                 25                25
     100                50               75                50                 75                75
      25                25                0                 0                  0                 0
      25                25               25                50                 25                25
      75                75              100                50                 50                50
      75                75               75                75                 25                75
      75                25               50                50                 25                75
      50                75              100                75                 50                50
      0                 0                0                 0                  0                 0
      75                50               50                50                 25                50
     100               100              100               100                 75                75
     100                50               50                50                 50                50
      50                 0                0                 0                 75                75
      75               100                0               100                 50               100
 75    50    25   50   25    75
 75    75    75   75   50    75
100   100    25   50   75   100
100    25    75   75   25    75
 50    25    50    0    0    50
100    0     0    50   0     75
 75    25    25   50   25    25
100    25   100   75   50    25
 50   100    25   75   75    25
 75    75    75   50   25    25
100    50    50   25   75    25
100   100    75   75   75    75
100    75   100   75   0     50
 75     0    50   25   25    50
 75    25    25   25   50    50
100    50    50   75   50    50
                                                                                                               In practice, no
                                                                                                                     anti-
                                                                        In practice, the                      corruption/good
                                                                                           In practice, anti-
                                                                          government                             governance
                                                                                           corruption/good
                                                                        does not create                          CSOs have
                                                                                             governance
                                                                         barriers to the                      been shut down
                                                                                            CSOs actively
                                                                        organization of                             by the
                                                                                            engage in the
                                                                           new anti-                          government for
                                                                                             political and
                                                                        corruption/good                         their work on
                                                                                            policymaking
                                                                          governance                             corruption-
                                                                                               process.
                                                                            CSOs.                              related issues
                                                                                                              during the study
                                                                                                                   period.

                                    VA         RL        CC        VA
Country                  Code     GII08001   GII08002   GII08003              2a                 2b                2c
Algeria *                  DZA     0.28       0.40       0.20
Angola                     AGO     0.42       0.21       0.00                 25                 25                100
Argentina                  ARG     0.50       0.43       0.83                100                 50                100
Armenia *                  ARM     0.50       0.40       0.00
Azerbaijan                 AZE     0.36       0.31       0.48                 50                 25                 0
Bangladesh                 BGD     0.42       0.46       0.73                 75                 75                100
Belarus                     BLR    0.44       0.51       0.68                 25                  0                100
Benin **                    BEN    0.75       0.77       0.93
Bosnia and Herzegovina      BIH    0.57       0.43       0.33                 50                 25                 0
Brazil **                   BRA    0.69       0.57       0.68
Bulgaria                   BGR     0.77       0.77       0.75                100                 75                100
Burundi *                  BDI     0.53       0.23       0.18
Cambodia                   KHM     0.33       0.26       0.23                 50                 25                100
Cameroon                   CMR     0.39       0.38       0.35                 75                 50                100
Canada                     CAN     0.78       0.56       0.55                100                 100               100
Chile                       CHL    0.67       0.59       0.75                 50                 50                100
China                      CHN     0.27       0.37       0.53                 25                 25                 0
Colombia                    COL    0.49       0.44       0.58                100                 50                100
Congo, dem. Rep. **         ZAR    0.30       0.28       0.13
Costa Rica *               CRI     0.71       0.62       0.80
Ecuador                    ECU     0.55       0.27       0.58                 50                 50                100
Egypt                      EGY     0.26       0.38       0.48                 50                 25                 0
Ethiopia                    ETH    0.20       0.22       0.38                 25                 25                 0
France *                   FRA     0.80       0.61       0.55
Georgia                    GEO     0.49       0.42       0.00                 75                 50                 0
Ghana                      GHA     0.52       0.41       0.75                 75                 75                100
Guatemala **               GTM     0.63       0.51       0.48
Hungary                    HUN     0.69       0.54       0.48                100                 75                100
India *                     IND    0.63       0.55       0.83
Indonesia                   IDN    0.47       0.58       0.85                100                 50                100
Iraq                        IRQ    0.36       0.26       0.28                 25                 25                100
Israel **                   ISR    0.91       0.82       0.58
Italy                       ITA    0.74       0.68       0.78                100                 25                100
Japan                       JPN    0.81       0.71       0.90                100                 50                100
Jordan*                     JOR    0.56       0.67       0.88
Kazakhstan                  KAZ    0.66       0.65       0.85                 50                 50                 0
Kenya                       KEN    0.49       0.44       0.85                 75                 100               100
Kyrgyz Republic             KGZ    0.31       0.48       0.45                100                 50                100
Latvia *                    LVA    0.79       0.77       0.83
Lebanon *                   LBN    0.46       0.47       0.00
Liberia **                  LBR    0.62       0.61       0.00
Lithuania                   LTU    0.73       0.49       0.73                100                 50                100
Macedonia                          MKD            0.68        0.64   0.63   100   50   100
Malawi *                           MWI            0.57        0.57   0.53
Mexico *                           MEX            0.50        0.23   0.35
Moldova                            MDA            0.49        0.41   0.45   25    75   100
Montenegro                         MNP            0.46        0.39   0.15   25    75   100
Morocco                            MAR            0.38        0.31   0.35   50    50   0
Mozambique *                       MOZ            0.55        0.33   0.28
Nepal                              NPL            0.47        0.39   0.73   75    50   100
Nicaragua                           NIC           0.44        0.38   0.35   25    50   100
Nigeria                            NGA            0.40        0.54   0.60   75    50   100
Pakistan                           PAK            0.48        0.52   0.53   75    50   100
Peru *                             PER            0.61        0.49   0.03
Philippines                        PHL            0.43        0.45   0.70   75    75   100
Poland                             POL            0.85        0.77   0.78   75    50   100
Romania                            ROM            0.68        0.62   0.65   75    75   100
Russia                             RUS            0.54        0.43   0.60   25    25   100
Senegal **                         SEN            0.53        0.52   0.45
Serbia                             YUG            0.53        0.43   0.48   75    75   100
Sierra Leone *                     SLE            0.58        0.33   0.50
Somalia                            SOM            0.28        0.12   0.00   75    25   100
South Africa                        ZAF           0.64        0.66   0.68   100   50   100
Spain *                            ESP            0.82        0.72   0.58
Sri Lanka *                        LKA            0.43        0.42   0.68
Sudan **                           SDN            0.33        0.34   0.28
Tajikistan *                        TJK           0.40        0.33   0.23
Tanzania *                          TZA           0.50        0.38   0.43
Thailand *                          THA           0.50        0.52   0.53
Timor-Leste *                      TMP            0.63        0.40   0.58
Turkey                             TUR            0.61        0.53   0.53   100   50   100
Uganda                             UGA            0.44        0.46   0.63   75    75   100
Ukraine *                          UKR            0.65        0.54   0.53
United States *                    USA            0.80        0.77   0.83
Vanuatu *                          VUT            0.53        0.55   0.75
Vietnam **                         VNM            0.27        0.39   0.38
West Bank Gaza                     WBG            0.50        0.39   0.00   100   25   100
Yemen                              YEM            0.17        0.21   0.33   50    25   0
Zimbabwe **                        ZWE            0.39        0.48   0.55


** carried forward from GII 2006
* carried forward from GII 2007
+ bolded questions reveal additions vis-à-vis previous year
                                                                                                                                            In practice,
In practice, in   In practice, in                                                        In practice,                                          where
                                  In practice, in                                                        In practice,
the past year, the past year,                                                               where                       In practice, the    necessary,
                                  the past year,                      In practice, the                      where
no civil society no civil society                      In practice,                      necessary,                       government       citizens can
                                  no civil society                      government                       necessary,
   activists         activists                        citizens are                      citizens can                    does not create       obtain a
                                     activists                        does not create                   citizens can
  working on        working on                           able to                       obtain a print                   barriers to form     broadcast
                                    working on                        barriers to form                 obtain a print
  corruption        corruption                       organize into                     media license                      a broadcast    (radio and TV)
                                    corruption                         a print media                   media license
 issues have       issues have                       trade unions.                         within a                     (radio and TV) media license
                                   issues have                             entity.                    at a reasonable
     been        been physically                                                         reasonable                      media entity.        within a
                                   been killed.                                                              cost.
 imprisoned.         harmed.                                                            time period.                                       reasonable
                                                                                                                                           time period.




      3a               3b               3c                4b                6a              6c              6d                7a               7c


     100              100               100               25                50              75              75                25                0
     100              100               100               75                50             100             100                 0                0


     100              100               100               25               100              75              75                 0               25
      0                 0               100               25                75              50              50                75               25
     100              100               100                0                0               50              75                25               25


     100                0               100               25                75              75              50                75               75


     100              100               100               75               100             100             100                75               50


     100                0                0                50                75              75              50                25               25
     100              100               100               75                75              50              75                50                0
     100              100               100               75               100             100             100                50               50
     100              100               100               50                50             100             100                50               50
      0               100               100               50                25              25              25                 0                0
     100                0                0                25               100             100             100                50               50



     100              100               100               50                75              75              75                50               25
      0               100               100               50                25              50              25                25               50
     100                0               100               25                25              0               50                 0                0


      0                 0               100              100               100             100             100                 0               25
     100              100               100               75                75              75              75                75               75


     100              100               100              100               100             100             100                50               50


      0                 0                0                50                75             100             100                75              100
     100              100               100               25                75              75              75                50               50


     100              100               100              100               100             100             100                25               50
      0               100               100              100               100             100             100                75               75


     100              100               100               75                50              75             100                50               50
      0                 0               100               50                75              75              50                50               75
     100              100                0                50                50              50              50                50               25




     100              100               100               75               100             100             100                75               75
100   100   100   50    100   100   100   50    50



100   100   100   50    25    50    75    25    25
0     0     100   25    100   100   100   25    0
0     0     100   50    50    100   75    50    0


100   100   100   50    75    50    75    75    50
0     100   100   75    100   100   100   75    25
0     100   100   100   75    75    75    25    25
100   100   100   75    50    50    50    50    50


100   100   0     50    75    100   100   50    50
100   100   100   75    100   100   100   100   100
100   100   100   100   100   100   75    75    50
100   100   100   50    50    50    50    50    50


100   100   100   75    100   100   100   75    50


100   100   100   0     25    75    25    25    75
100   100   100   100   100   100   100   75    50




100   100   100   75    50    75    75    50    50
0     0     100   50    75    75    75    75    50




100   100   100   75    50    25    100   75    25
0     0     0     25    25    25    0     0     0
   In practice,
                                                    In practice, the      In practice,                         In practice,
      where     In practice, the
                                                    government or      there is no prior   In practice,     during the most       In practice,       In practice, in
   necessary,     government     In practice, the
                                                         media            government     journalists and    recent election,    political parties    the past year,
  citizens can     does not        government
                                                    owners/distribut     restraint (pre- editors adhere     political parties   and candidates       no journalists
     obtain a   prevent citizens    does not
                                                     ion groups do        publication        to strict,     or independent      have equitable        investigating
    broadcast   from accessing censor citizens
                                                     not encourage       censoring) on     professional        candidates       access to state-    corruption have
(radio and TV)      content          creating
                                                    self-censorship        publishing      practices in       received fair      owned media              been
 media license published on- content on-line.
                                                     of corruption-       corruption-    their reporting.         media             outlets.           imprisoned.
at a reasonable       line.
                                                    related stories.    related stories.                        coverage.
       cost.




      7d               8a              8b                 9b                 9c               10c                 10d                 10e                11a


       0              100              100                25                100                50                 25                  25                   0
       0               50              100                50                 75                50                 50                  25                   0


      25               75              75                 50                 50                25                 25                   0                   0
      50              100              100                50                 50                75                 50                  50                   0
      50               75              50                  0                 50                50                  0                   0                 100


      50              100              100                25                 25                25                 50                  25                 100


     100              100              100                75                100                50                 100                 100                100


      25              100              100                25                 50                25                 50                  50                   0
       0               75              75                 25                 75                50                 50                  25                   0
      50              100              100                75                100                75                 75                  100                100
      50              100              100                50                 50                75                 50                  50                 100
       0               25              25                  0                  0                25                 25                  25                   0
      50              100              100                25                 50                50                 50                  50                 100



      25              100              100                75                 75               100                 75                  75                 100
      25               75              25                 50                 25                75                 25                  25                   0
       0               25               0                  0                 25                25                 25                   0                   0


      50              100              100                25                 25                25                 25                  25                 100
      75              100              100                75                 75                50                 50                  50                 100


      50              100              100                50                 75                50                 75                  75                 100


     100              100              75                 50                100                75                 75                  75                   0
      50              100              75                 50                100                25                 25                  50                   0


      50               75              100               100                100                75                 75                  50                 100
      75              100              100                50                 75                75                 100                 100                100


      75               50              50                 50                 75               100                 50                  25                 100
      25              100              100                75                 75                50                 50                  50                 100
      50               50              50                 50                 50                50                 25                  25                   0




      75              100              100                75                100                50                 50                  75                 100
50    100   100   50   75    50   50    50   100



50    50    25    25   75    25   25    25   100
25    100   100   25   50    25   25    25   100
100   50    50    25   50    50   50    50   100


50    100   100   50   75    50   50    50   100
25    100   100   25   100   50   50    50   100
50    100   100   75   50    50   50    25   100
50    50    50    50   50    50   50    25   100


25    100   100   50   100   50   75    25   0
100   100   100   50   100   50   50    50   100
75    100   100   50   75    50   50    75   100
50    75    50    25   25    50   0     0    100


50    100   100   75   75    50   75    75   100


75    75    25    25   50    75   75    25   100
100   100   100   50   75    75   100   75   100




50    50    50    50   75    50   50    50   0
75    100   75    50   50    50   25    25   0




75    100   100   50   75    50   50    50   100
0     25    25    0    25    25   50    25   0
                                     In practice,                      In practice,
 In practice, in                                      In practice,                     In practice,
                  In practice, in citizens receive                    citizens can                  In practice, the
 the past year,                                      citizens can                      citizens can                                       In practice,
                  the past year,   responses to                    resolve appeals                    government
 no journalists                                    use the access                   resolve appeals                    In practice, all    ballots are
                  no journalists      access to                       to access to                   gives reasons
  investigating                                     to information                   to information                     adult citizens      secret or
                   investigating     information                       information                  for denying an
corruption have                                    mechanism at                       requests at a                       can vote.       equivalently
                 corruption have requests within                    requests within                   information
been physically                                     a reasonable                       reasonable                                          protected.
                    been killed.   a reasonable                      a reasonable                       request.
    harmed.                                               cost.                             cost.
                                    time period.                      time period.




     11b              11c              13a              13b             13c              13d              13e               15a              15b


     100              100               0               50                0                0               0                100              100
       0               0               75               75               50               50               50               100              100


       0              100              25               25                0                0               25                25               25
       0              100              50               25               25               25               25                75               75
     100              100              50               50               75               75               75               100               25


       0              100              75               50               25               25               50                75               75


       0              100              75               100              50              100               75               100               75


       0               0               25                0                0                0               25                75               75
       0              100              25               25                0               25               0                100               25
     100              100              50               75               50               50               75                75              100
     100              100               0               100               0               50               50               100              100
       0              100              50               75               75               75               50                50               50
       0               0               50               75               75               75               25                50               75



     100              100              25               50               50                0               50               100               75
     100              100               0                0                0                0               0                 75               25
       0              100              25               25               25               25               0                 75               25


       0              100              50               100              25              100               25                75               75
     100              100               0                0                0                0               0                 75              100


       0              100              50               75               75               75               75               100              100


       0               0                0                0                0                0               0                 75               75
       0               0                0                0                0                0               0                 50               50


     100              100              75               100              75              100              100               100              100
     100              100              75               100              75               75              100               100              100


     100              100              75               100              50               75               50               100               50
     100              100              50               50               50               25               25                75               75
     100               0               50               50                0                0               25                50               25




     100              100              75               75               50               50              100               100               50
100   100   50   50    50   50    50    100   75



0     100   50   75    25   50    25    75    75
0     100   25   50    25   75    50    75    100
0     100   0    0     0    0     25    75    50


100   0     50   75    50   25    0     75    50
100   100   25   50    50   50    0     75    75
0     100   0    0     0    0     0     100   50
100   100   50   50    50   50    25    75    75


0     0     50   50    50   50    50    50    50
100   100   25   50    25   100   100   100   100
100   100   50   75    25   50    50    100   75
100   100   25   50    25   25    25    100   50


100   100   25   50    25   25    25    100   100


100   100   0    0     0    0     0     25    25
100   100   50   75    25   25    25    75    100




100   100   50   100   50   100   75    75    100
100   100   50   50    50   50    50    50    50




100   100   25   0     0    0     0     100   100
0     100   25   25    0    25    25    50    25
                                                                      In practice,
                                                                                                          In practice, the
                                                                    agency (or set                                           In practice,
                                                                                                          agency or set of
                                                                           of         In practice, the                           when
  In practice,                                     In practice, an                                        agencies/entitie                     In practice,
                In practice, all In practice, all                  agencies/entitie   agency or set of                      necessary, the
 elections are                                    opposition party                                        s makes timely,                   there is a clear
                  citizens are citizens can run                            s)         agencies/entitie                     agency or set of
held according                                     is represented                                              publicly                     and transparent
                 able to form      for political                     appointments          s has a                         agencies/entitie
  to a regular                                          in the                                                available                     system of voter
               political parties.     office.                       are made that       professional,                         s imposes
   schedule.                                         legislature.                                              reports                        registration.
                                                                      support the      full-time staff.                      penalties on
                                                                                                            following an
                                                                    independence                                              offenders.
                                                                                                           election cycle.
                                                                    of the agency.




     15c              16c              16d             16e              18b                 18c                18d              18e              19a


     25               75               50                0                0                 25                  50                0               75
     100              75               50               25               75                 50                  75               50               75


     100              25               50               25                0                 75                  50               50               50
     75               75               75               25               50                 75                  75               50              100
     100               0               25                0                0                 100                100               75               50


     100              75               75               50               25                 75                  75               50               75


     100              75               100             100               75                 100                100               50              100


     100              50               75               50               50                 75                 100               50               50
     75               75               25               50               25                 75                  25               25               25
     50               100              75              100               75                 75                 100               50               75
     100              100              50              100              100                 100                100              100              100
     75                0               50                0                0                 50                  75               50               75
     75               75               25               75               25                 50                  25               50               75



     75               50               50               75                0                 50                  50               25               75
     100              25               25               25               25                 25                  75                0                0
     50                0               25               25               25                 50                  25               25               75


     50               100              100               0                0                 75                  50                0               50
     100              50               50              100              100                 75                  75                0               75


     100              100              75               75               75                 100                100               50              100


     100              100              50               50               50                 100                 50                0               50
     50               75                0              100               75                 75                 100               50               50


     100              100              50              100              100                 100                100              100              100
     100              100              50              100               75                 100                100               75              100


     50               100              75                0               25                 100                100              100              100
     100              75               50              100               50                 75                  75               25               50
     50               50                0                0                0                 50                  50               50               50




     100              100              75              100               75                 100                 75               75               75
100   75    75    75    75    75    75    50    100



100   50    25    100   50    100   100   25    50
100   100   75    50    0     0     25    0     75
100   50    25    25    0     0     0     0     50


25    75    50    75    75    50    75    50    50
75    25    75    100   25    50    25    25    50
75    100   0     50    50    100   50    25    50
25    25    0     75    50    50    100   25    50


75    75    50    75    25    50    50    25    50
100   100   75    100   100   100   100   0     100
100   75    75    100   75    50    100   50    75
100   50    25    25    25    75    75    25    50


100   100   75    100   0     0     100   0     100


25    25    25    25    0     0     0     0     0
100   75    75    100   100   100   100   100   100




100   100   75    100   100   100   100   100   75
100   50    50    50    50    75    50    50    25




100   0     100   100   100   100   100   25    100
75    25    25    25    25    25    50    0     25
                                                    In practice, the In practice, the In practice, the
                                                         limits on        limits on      limits on total    In practice,       In practice,
                                                        individual       corporate            party              when              when
  In practice,                       In practice,
                 In practice, the                     donations to     donations to      expenditures     necessary, an       necessary, an
election results                       election
                   military and                     political parties political parties are effective in agency or entity    agency or entity In practice,
     can be                         observers are
                 security forces                    are effective in are effective in     regulating a    monitoring the      monitoring the contributions to
   effectively                          able to
                 remain neutral                      regulating an     regulating a     political party's   financing of       financing of    political parties
   appealed                           effectively
                      during                           individual's     company's        ability to fund political parties   political parties  are audited.
  through the                          monitor
                    elections.                           ability to       ability to    campaigns or independently               imposes
judicial system.                      elections.
                                                        financially     financially        politically-        initiates       penalties on
                                                        support a        support a           related      investigations.       offenders.
                                                     political party. political party.     activities.



     19c               19d              19f              22a               22b               22c               22d                 22e               22f


     100               100               50                0                 0                0                 50                 50                 50
      75               100               25               25                25                25                25                 25                 50


       0               50                25               25                25                25                25                 25                 25
      50               75               100                0                 0                0                 25                  0                 0
       0                0                0                 0                 0                0                 75                 100                0


      50               100               50               25                50                50                50                 50                 25


     100               100              100               50                50                50                25                 25                 50


      50               50                75                0                 0                0                 0                   0                 0
      75               25                50               25                25                25                25                 25                 25
     100               100              100               50                50                50                75                 50                 50
     100               100              100               25                25                25                50                 50                 25
      50               50                25                0                 0                0                 25                  0                 0
      75               75               100               25                25                25                25                 25                 25



      50               100               75                0                 0                0                 25                 25                 50
       0                0                0                 0                 0                0                 25                  0                 25
      25                0                0                 0                 0                0                 0                   0                 25


       0               100               75               75                50                0                 0                  25                 50
      50               50                75                0                 0                0                 0                   0                 25


      75               100              100               25                 0                0                 0                  50                 0


      50               100              100               50                50                0                 0                   0                 0
      50               50                50                0                 0                0                 0                   0                 0


     100               100              100                0                 0                50                75                 50                 50
     100               100              100               75                25                0                 25                 75                 75


      75               100               75              100                50                50                50                 100               100
      50               75               100                0                 0                0                 0                   0                 25
      50               25                50                0                 0                50                0                   0                 0




      75               75                50               50                25                25                25                 25                 25
75    75    50    50   50   50   50    50    75



75    50    100   50   50   25   25    0     25
50    25    100   25   25   0    0     0     0
75    75    75    25   25   25   25    25    50


50    50    50    0    0    50   25    0     25
0     100   50    0    0    0    0     0     0
75    50    50    0    0    0    0     0     25
100   50    50    25   25   25   25    25    25


50    25    100   0    0    0    0     0     0
100   100   100   75   50   75   100   100   100
50    100   75    50   50   25   25    25    25
25    50    50    75   50   50   50    25    50


75    100   75    0    0    0    0     0     0


25    0     0     0    0    0    0     0     0
100   100   100   0    0    0    0     0     50




100   100   100   25   25   50   0     50    50
50    0     25    25   25   25   0     0     25




100   50    75    0    0    0    0     0     0
25    25    50    0    0    0    0     0     0
In practice, the
                 In practice, the      In practice,  In practice,
    limits on                                                                                                                              In practice,
                     limits on             when          when
   individual                                                                        In practice,                                           individual
                    corporate        necessary, an necessary, an                                       In practice,
 donations to                                                                      political parties                      In practice,       political
                  donations to          agency or     agency or                                       citizens can
     political                                                    In practice, the disclose data                         citizens can      candidates
                    individual            entity        entity                                         access the
candidates are                                                      finances of       relating to                         access the     disclose data
                 candidates are     monitoring the monitoring the                                        financial
  effective in                                                       individual        financial                            financial       relating to
                    effective in      financing of  financing of                                        records of
 regulating an                                                      candidates'     support and                            records of        financial
                   regulating a         individual    individual                                     political parties
  individual's                                                    campaigns are expenditures                           political parties support and
                    company's         candidates'   candidates'                                           within a
    ability to                                                        audited.          within a                       at a reasonable expenditures
                     ability to        campaigns     campaigns                                         reasonable
   financially                                                                       reasonable                               cost.          within a
                    financially     independently      imposes                                        time period.
   support a                                                                        time period.                                           reasonable
                     support a           initiates  penalties on
   particular                                                                                                                             time period.
                    candidate.      investigations.   offenders.
   candidate.


     23a              23b                23c              23d              23e             24a              24b              24c             25a


       0                0                 50               50              50                0               0                0               25
       0                0                  0               0                0               50               75              100               0


      25               25                 25               25              25               25               25              25               25
       0                0                  0               0                0                0               0                0               25
       0                0                100              100               0              100               0                0                0


      50               50                 50               25              75               50               75              75               75


      50               50                 25               25              50               75               75              100              50


       0                0                  0               0                0                0               0                0                0
      25               25                 25               0               25                0               0                0                0
      50               50                 75               50              75               75               75              100              50
      25               25                 25               75              50               50               50              50               50
       0                0                 25               0               25                0               0                0                0
      25                0                 25               25              25               25               0               25               25



       0                0                 50               25              50               50               25              25               25
       0                0                  0               0                0               25               25               0                0
       0                0                  0               0                0               25               25              25                0


      50               50                  0               0               50               50              100              100               0
       0                0                  0               0                0               50               50              75                0


       0                0                  0               50               0               50              100              100              50


      50               50                  0               0               50               25               0                0               50
       0                0                  0               0                0                0               0                0                0


       0                0                 50               50              50              100               50              100               0
      75               50                 25               50               0              100              100              100             100


      50               50                 75              100              100              75               0                0                0
       0                0                  0               0                0               25               25              75                0
       0                0                  0               0                0                0               0                0                0




      50               25                 25               25              50               25              100              100              50
75   75   50    75    75    0    25    50    25



25   0    0     25    25    25   25    0     50
0    0    0     0     0     75   50    75    100
25   25   25    25    25    25   25    25    25


0    0    0     0     0     0    25    25    0
0    0    0     0     0     0    0     0     0
0    0    0     0     0     25   0     0     0
25   25   25    25    25    25   0     0     25


0    0    0     0     0     0    0     50    25
75   50   100   100   100   75   100   100   50
50   50   50    25    50    25   50    75    25
75   50   50    25    50    75   75    75    75


0    0    0     0     0     0    0     0     0


0    0    0     0     0     0    0     0     0
0    0    0     0     0     50   50    25    0




0    0    0     0     0     50   25    100   0
50   25   25    25    0     25   25    0     0




0    0    0     0     0     25   0     0     50
0    0    0     0     0     25   0     0     0
  In practice, In practice,
 citizens can  citizens can                                                                                                                  In practice,
                                                                    In practice, the   In practice, the
  access the   access the                                                                                                                   citizens can
                                                                    chief executive      regulations       In practice, the
    financial    financial                                                                                                    In practice,   access the
                                                     In practice,  limits the use of   restricting post-     regulations
   records of   records of         In practice, the                                                                            executive         asset
                                                         when           executive        government        governing gifts
   individual   individual         chief executive                                                                           branch asset     disclosure
                                                    necessary, the     orders for       private sector     and hospitality
  candidates   candidates           gives reasons                                                                             disclosures  records of the
      (their       (their
                              RL      for his/her
                                                       judiciary      establishing     employment for         offered to
                                                                                                                             (defined here heads of state
                                                     reviews the           new          heads of state     members of the
   campaign     campaign                policy                                                                                as ministers        and
                                                    actions of the    regulations,            and             executive
revenues and revenues and             decisions.                                                                            and above) are government
                                                      executive.       policies, or      government          branch are
expenditures) expenditures)                                                                                                     audited.       within a
                                                                      government        and ministers         effective.
     within a       at a                                                                                                                     reasonable
                                                                       practices.       are effective.
  reasonable   reasonable                                                                                                                   time period.
 time period.      cost.


    25b           25c                   27a              27c             27d                 29f                29g             29h             30b


     25            25                    0                0                0                  0                  0               0               0
     0              0                    25              50               50                  0                  0              75              75


     25            25                    25              25               25                 25                  25              0               0
     25            25                    75              50               50                  0                  0               0               0
     0             50                    50               0                0                  0                  25              0               0


     75            75                    25              25               50                  0                  25              0              75


     50            50                    75              100              75                  0                  50             50              75


     0              0                    50              25               25                  0                  0               0               0
     0              0                    50              50               25                 25                  25             25              25
     50           100                    75              75               75                 25                  50              0              75
     50            50                    50              100              75                  0                  50             50              50
     0              0                    25              50               25                 25                  25              0               0
     25            25                    75              75               50                  0                  50             50               0



     25            50                    25               0               25                  0                  0              50              50
     0              0                    50              25               25                  0                  25              0               0
     0              0                    50               0               25                  0                  25              0               0


     0              0                    25              25                0                  0                  0               0              50
     0              0                    50               0                0                 50                  0               0               0


    100           100                    75              75               75                  0                  0              50              100


     50            50                    75              100              50                  0                  50              0              100
     0              0                    50              25               25                  0                  50              0               0


     0              0                   100              100              50                 50                  0               0              100
     75           100                    75              50               50                 75                  75             25              100


     0              0                    50              100             100                  0                  50             100              0
     0              0                    75              50               75                  0                  25             50               0
     0              0                    25              50                0                  0                  0               0              100




    100           100                    50              75               75                 25                  25             50               0
25   50    75    50    75    75   50    75   75



50   25    25    50    50    25   25    25   25
75   75    25    50    25    0    0     0    100
25   25    25    25    25    25   0     0    0


0    0     50    50    75    0    0     0    0
0    0     50    25    25    0    0     0    25
0    0     50    100   75    25   25    50   0
0    0     50    75    50    0    50    25   0


0    50    50    50    25    50   0     0    75
75   100   100   50    100   0    100   75   50
50   75    75    75    50    0    25    25   100
75   75    50    50    50    0    0     25   0


0    0     75    50    100   0    25    0    0


0    0     50    0     50    0    25    25   0
0    0     75    100   100   0    75    50   50




0    0     75    75    100   0    50    0    0
0    0     50    50    75    25   25    50   25




0    0     25    0     25    0    0     0    0
0    0     25    25    25    0    0     0    0
  In practice,
                 In practice,                  In practice, the                                                                   In practice,
 citizens can                                                   In practice, the                 In practice,    In practice,
                    official                     regulations                                                                     citizens can
  access the                      In practice,                    regulations                   citizens can    citizens can
                government                        restricting                     In practice,                                       access
      asset                           when                         governing                        access          access
               functions are                         post-                          national                                       records of
   disclosure                   necessary, the                      gifts and                     legislative     legislative
               kept separate                     government                        legislative                                     legislative
records of the                      judiciary                      hospitality                       asset           asset
                and distinct                    private sector                   branch asset                                   processes and
heads of state                   reviews laws                      offered to                    disclosure      disclosure
                   from the                      employment                       disclosures                                     documents
       and                      passed by the                       national                   records within   records at a
                functions of                     for national                    are audited.                                       within a
government at                     legislature.                  legislators are                 a reasonable     reasonable
                  the ruling                   legislators are                                                                    reasonable
 a reasonable                                                       effective.                  time period.         cost.
               political party.                    effective.                                                                    time period.
      cost.




    30c              31             32b             33e             33f            33g             34b              34c              35b


      0              0               0               0               0               0               0               0                0
     75              25              50              0               0               0              50               50              50


      0              0               50              0              25               0               0               0                0
      0              50              75              0               0               0              25               25              50
      0             100              50              0              75               0               0               0               50


     75              25              50              0              50               0              75               50              75


    100              75             100              0              50              75              75              100              75


      0              0               0               0               0               0               0               0               25
     25              25              25             25              25              25              25               25              25
    100              75              75              0              25               0              25               25              100
     50              50             100             50              50               0              75               75              50
      0              0               0              25              25              25               0               0               75
      0              75              75              0              25               0               0               0               75



     50              0               75              0               0              25              50               50              25
      0              0               50              0              25               0               0               0                0
      0              0               0               0               0               0               0               0               75


    100              0               25              0               0               0              75              100              75
      0              0               25              0              50               0               0               0               100


    100              50             100              0              25              25             100              100              75


    100              50              75              0              50               0             100              100              50
      0              50             100              0              25               0               0               0               50


    100             100             100              0              50               0             100              100              100
     75              75              50              0               0               0              75               75              100


      0              75             100              0              75              25               0               0               75
      0              50             100              0               0               0               0               0               100
    100              0               75              0               0               0             100              100              100




      0              25              50              0              25              25              25               25              50
75    75    75    0    50   75    25    100   25



25    25    100   0    25   50    25    0     75
100   0     50    0    0    0     100   100   50
0     25    50    0    0    0     0     0     50


0     25    75    0    0    0     0     0     50
50    0     25    0    0    0     25    25    75
0     50    100   0    0    25    0     0     50
0     25    100   0    50   50    25    25    50


75    25    75    50   0    0     100   75    75
50    100   100   0    50   100   100   100   100
100   50    50    0    25   50    100   100   75
0     50    50    0    0    25    25    25    75


0     50    75    0    50   0     0     0     0


0     0     0     25   0    0     0     0     0
50    50    100   0    50   0     75    100   100




0     50    75    0    50   0     0     0     100
25    0     50    25   25   50    25    25    50




0     25    25    0    0    0     0     0     75
0     0     25    0    0    0     0     0     0
                                                                    In practice,
                                                     In practice,
  In practice,                                                          when      In practice, the    In practice, the
                                                         when                                                                             In practice,
 citizens can     In practice,                                     necessary, the   regulations          regulations
                                    In practice,   necessary, the                                                                        citizens can
     access      professional                                          judicial   restricting post-   governing gifts    In practice,
                                  members of the        judicial                                                                        access judicial
   records of     criteria are                                      disciplinary    government        and hospitality national-level
                                   national-level    disciplinary                                                                             asset
   legislative    followed in                                        agency (or    private sector         offered to   judiciary asset
                                   judiciary give    agency (or                                                                            disclosure
processes and      selecting                                         equivalent   employment for      members of the disclosures are
                                    reasons for       equivalent                                                                       records within a
documents at     national-level                                     mechanism)     national-level      national-level      audited.
                                  their decisions. mechanism)                                                                            reasonable
 a reasonable       judges.                                           imposes        judges are         judiciary are
                                                       initiates                                                                         time period.
      cost.                                                         penalties on      effective.          effective.
                                                   investigations.
                                                                     offenders.




     35c             36b               37b              37e              37f             38e               38f              38g              39b


      0               50                 0              50               50               0                  0               0                0
     50               50               100              50               50               0                  0               0                0


      0               50                25              25               25               0                 25               0                0
     50               75                75              75               75               0                 75               0                0
     100              50               100              50               50               0                 50               0                0


     50               50               100              50               50               0                 25               0                0


     100             100               100              75               75               0                 50               75              75


     25               50                50              25               25               0                  0               0                0
     25               50                25              50               50              25                  0               25               0
     100              50                75              75               75               0                 25               0               25
     50               75                50              100              50               0                  0               0               75
     75               75                50              50               50              25                 25               0                0
     75               50                50              75               50               0                 50               50               0



     50               25                50              50               50               0                  0               25              50
      0               25               100              75               50               0                 50               0                0
     100              25                50              25               25               0                  0               0                0


     100              25                25              25               25               0                 25               0               75
     100              50                75              25               25               0                 25               0                0


     100              50               100              25               25               0                 25               0                0


     50               75               100               0                0               0                 25               0               75
     100              50                25               0               25               0                 50               0                0


     100              75               100              100             100               0                 75               0                0
     100              75                75              100             100              50                 75               0                0


     100             100                50              75              100               0                 25              100               0
     100              75                50              50               50               0                  0               0                0
     100              50                50              25                0               0                  0               0               100




     75               75                75              75               75               0                 25               50               0
25    75    75    50    50    50    50   50    100



50    50    25    25    25    0     25   25    25
50    25    75    0     0     0     0    0     100
50    50    50    50    25    25    25   0     0


75    100   100   50    50    0     0    0     0
75    25    75    25    25    0     25   0     25
50    75    100   75    75    100   50   50    0
50    75    100   100   100   75    50   75    0


100   50    100   50    50    25    25   0     25
100   100   100   100   100   0     0    100   0
100   25    50    50    25    75    50   25    50
75    50    50    50    50    0     0    0     0


0     75    100   0     25    0     0    0     0


0     0     0     25    0     0     0    0     0
100   100   100   50    50    75    50   0     0




100   75    100   75    75    75    50   0     0
75    100   100   75    75    0     50   50    25




75    50    100   50    0     0     25   0     0
0     25    25    25    25    0     0    0     0
                                                                                                  In practice, in
  In practice,                                                                                                      In practice, in
                                                                                                the last year, no
 citizens can                     In practice,                                     In practice,                   the last year, no In practice,
                   In practice,                 In practice, do In practice, are                   judges have
access judicial                   citizens can                                   national-level                      judges have        judicial
                  appeals are                    judgments in       judicial                     been physically
      asset                     use the appeals                                    judges are                         been killed    decisions are
                resolved within                   the criminal     decisions                         harmed
   disclosure                    mechanism at                                    protected from                       because of    not affected by
                 a reasonable                    system follow enforced by the                      because of
 records at a                    a reasonable                                        political                       adjudicating   racial or ethnic
                  time period.                    written law?       state?                        adjudicating
 reasonable                            cost.                                      interference.                       corruption         bias.
                                                                                                    corruption
      cost.                                                                                                             cases.
                                                                                                      cases.




     39c             77b              77c              78               79              80b              81a             81b              82a


      0               25               25              50               25               25              100             100               75
     25               50               50              50               50               25              100             100              100


      0              100              100               0               50               0               100             100              100
      0               50               50              75               75               75              100             100               50
      0              100              100              100              75               0               100             100              100


      0               25               50              75               25               25              100             100               75


     100              75              100              100              75               75              100             100              100


      0               25               50              50               50               0               100             100               25
      0               50               75              50               25               25              100             100               75
     25               75               50              100              75               75              100             100               75
     100              50               50              100              50              100              100             100               50
      0               50               50              50               50               25              100             100               50
      0               50               50              50               50               50               0              100               50



     50               50               50              50               50               25               0                0               25
      0               75               75              75               75               50              100             100               75
      0               25               0               25               50               0                0              100               75


     100              50               25              25               50               25              100             100              100
      0               50               50              100              75               75              100             100              100


      0               50               50              50               50               75              100             100               50


     100             100               50              100             100               25              100             100              100
      0                0               50              50                0               25               0              100               25


      0               25               75              100              75               50              100             100              100
      0               75               75              100              75              100              100             100              100


      0               50               75              100             100               50              100             100              100
      0               50               25              75               75               75              100             100               50
     100              50              100              50               50               25              100             100              100




      0               50               50              100              75               50              100             100              100
100   50   50    50    50   50    100   100   75



25    50   50    50    25   50    100   100   75
100   0    25    25    25   25    100   100   75
0     25   50    25    25   50    100   100   100


0     25   50    50    50   75    100   100   100
25    50   50    50    50   25    100   100   75
0     50   50    75    75   100   100   100   100
0     50   50    100   75   50    0     100   75


25    25   25    50    50   50    0     0     50
0     75   100   100   75   100   100   100   100
50    75   75    75    75   50    100   100   100
0     50   75    50    50   50    100   100   75


0     50   100   75    75   50    100   100   100


0     0    0     50    0    0     100   100   0
0     50   75    100   75   100   100   100   75




0     50   50    100   50   50    100   100   100
25    25   25    100   50   100   100   100   100




0     75   100   100   50   50    100   100   100
0     25   50    25    25   25    100   100   25
                                                                                                                                          In practice, the
                                                                                                                                           independent
                                                                                         In practice,
                                                                                                      In practice, the                            law
                 In practice, the                                                       appointments
                                     In practice,                    In practice, all                        law       In practice, the    enforcement
                  state provides                    In practice, a                        to the law
 In practice,                     citizens earning                    citizens have                    enforcement           law              complaint
                 adequate legal                      typical small                      enforcement
women have                           the median                        access to a                      agency (or      enforcement           reporting
                    counsel for                    retail business                        agency (or
full access to                     yearly income                       court of law,                  agencies) has a     agency is         mechanism
                  defendants in                     can afford to                       agencies) are
 the judicial                       can afford to                     regardless of                       budget       protected from       responds to
                 criminal cases                      bring a legal                          made
    system.                         bring a legal                      geographic                       sufficient to      political           citizen's
                   who cannot                             suit.                          according to
                                         suit.                           location.                      carry out its   interference.        complaints
                     afford it.                                                          professional
                                                                                                         mandate.                              within a
                                                                                           criteria.
                                                                                                                                            reasonable
                                                                                                                                            time period.



    82b               82d              82e              82f               82g               83a              83b             83c               84b


    100                25               25               25                 0                50              75               25                 0
     50                25               75               25                25                50              50               50                50


    100                50               50               50               100                25              100               0                 0
     50                50               50               50                75                75              50               50                50
    100               100              100              100               100                50              100              50                75


    100                75               50               50                50                25              50               25                25


    100                75              100              100               100                50              100              50               100


     50                50               50               50                50                25              75               25                25
     75                25               50               50                75                50              50               25                50
    100                50               25               50                75                75              50               50                50
     50                50               25               50                50               100              50              100                 0
     50                50               50               50                50                50              75               25                25
     50                50               50               75                25                50              100              50                75



     25                25               0                0                 50                25              50                0                 0
     75                50               75               50                75                75              75                0                25
    100                50               25               0                 25                0               75                0                25


    100                50               75               50                75                25              100               0                25
     75                50               50               50                75                75              50               50                50


    100                25               25               50               100                50              75               50                50


    100                75               50               0                 75                25              50               25                 0
     25                25               25               25                50                25              25                0                25


    100               100              100              100               100                75              75               50                 0
     75               100              100              100                75               100              100             100                75


    100               100               75               75               100                50              100              75               100
     50                25               25               25                50                50              50               50                75
     75                50               75              100               100                0               50                0                 0




    100                50               75               50                50                75              50               50                50
100   100   75   50    50    25    100   50   75



100   25    50   50    25    50    50    25   25
75    25    50   50    75    25    75    0    25
50    25    25   25    50    50    75    50   25


75    50    25   50    25    50    50    50   50
50    50    50   50    75    75    50    75   25
75    75    50   25    50    75    75    50   50
50    75    50   50    50    50    50    50   75


100   50    50   50    75    50    50    50   50
100   100   50   50    100   100   75    50   100
100   75    75   75    75    50    75    50   50
100   50    75   75    75    50    75    50   50


100   75    75   75    100   25    75    50   0


0     0     25   0     0     25    25    0    0
75    75    50   100   50    50    75    50   75




75    50    75   50    100   75    75    50   50
50    25    25   25    25    25    25    25   25




75    50    75   75    75    50    50    50   50
25    25    25   25    25    25    75    25   25
   In practice,
       when
                                                            In practice, the  In practice,
necessary, the                                                                                                                                    In practice, the
                                          In practice, the head of the anti- appointments
  agency/entity In practice, law                                                            In practice, the In practice, the    In practice, the anti-corruption
                                          anti-corruption      corruption      to the anti-
 independently    enforcement                                                                anti-corruption anti-corruption     anti-corruption    agency (or
                                             agency (or        agency (or      corruption
     initiates   officials are not                                                             agency (or       agency (or         agency (or      agencies) has
                                            agencies) is      agencies) is     agency (or
 investigations immune from                                                                 agencies) has a      agencies)          agencies)        sufficient
                                          protected from protected from agencies) are
into allegations      criminal                                                                professional,       receives       makes regular powers to carry
                                              political    removal without      based on
of corruption by proceedings.                                                                full-time staff. regular funding.    public reports.      out its
                                           interference.        relevant      professional
        law                                                                                                                                          mandate.
                                                              justification.     criteria.
  enforcement
     officials.


                                     CC
     84d                84f                    75b              75c              75d              75e               75f               75g              75h


       0                25                      0                0                 0                0                0                 0                 0
      50                50                      50              100               75              100               75                100               75


       0                 0                      0                0                25              100              100                 75               75
      75                75                      75               75              100               75               75                 75               75
      50                50                      25               0                50              100              100                 75              100


      50                25                      25               50               25               50               50                 50               25


      75                75                      75              100              100              100              100                 25               75


      25                25                      25               0                25               25               75                 0                25
      25                50                      25               25               25               25               75                 25               25
      50                50                      50               75               50               50               50                 75               50
     100               100                      50              100               50              100              100                100               50
      50                75                      25               50               75               75               75                 75               50
      50                50                      50               75               50               75               50                 50               75



       0                 0                      25               0                25               75              100                 75               75
      50                50                      25               25               75              100              100                 50               50
       0                25                      0                0                50               50               75                 50               50


      25                25                      0                0                 0                0                0                 0                 0
      50                50                      50              100              100               75              100                 75               75


      50                50                      50               50               50               50               75                 50               50


     100               100                      50              100              100              100              100                100              100
      25                25                      25               0                25               25               25                 25               25


      75                75                      50               0               100               50              100                100              100
      75                75                     100              100              100               75              100                 50              100


      75               100                      75               75               75              100              100                 50              100
     100                75                      50               75              100              100              100                100               75
       0                50                      50               0                50               50               50                 25               50




      50                25                      50               50               50               75              100                100               75
75    75    50   100   25    50    100   50    50



50    50    25   0     25    50    75    75    25
25    25    0    25    25    25    25    50    0
0     50    0    50    50    0     75    75    75


50    50    50   100   100   75    75    75    100
50    50    25   25    50    50    50    50    25
50    75    50   50    50    75    75    50    75
75    75    50   50    50    50    75    50    50


50    25    50   100   75    75    75    100   75
100   100   50   100   75    100   100    0    100
50    75    25   50    75    75    50    75    50
50    50    50   25    50    75    100   50    75


0     75    50   75    25    50    75    75    25


0     0     0    0     0     0     0      0    0
75    100   50   50    75    75    50    100   75




25    50    50   50    100   75    50    75    25
25    50    50   100   50    75    50    75    75




50    25    0    0     0     0     0      0    0
25    50    25   75    25    25    50    25    25
  In practice,
                In practice, the   In practice,
      when
                anti-corruption    citizens can
necessary, the
                   agency (or    complain to the
anti-corruption
                agencies) acts anti-corruption
  agency (or
                 on complaints      agency (or
   agencies)
                    within a        agencies)
independently
                  reasonable      without fear of
    initiates
                  time period.    recrimination.
investigations.




     75i              76a              76b


      0                0                0
     50               100              100


     25               50               25
     75               50               50
     75               100              50


     25               25                0


     50               75               50


     25               25                0
     25               25               75
     50               50               50
     100              50               50
     50               25               25
     50               50               50



     100              50               50
     25               25                0
     25               50               25


      0                0                0
      0               75               100


     25               50               25


     100              50               50
     50               50               25


     100              100              75
     100              100              75


     100              75               100
     100              75               75
      0               100              75




     75               50               100
75    50   75



75    50   50
0     0    0
25    0    0


50    50   50
50    25   0
75    50   50
50    50   50


75    50   25
100   50   100
75    75   100
75    50   50


25    25   50


0     0    0
75    50   75




50    50   0
75    50   25




0     0    0
25    25   25

				
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