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Northeastern United States Fruit Cultivar Database - Welcome

VIEWS: 317 PAGES: 238

									This document was exported from Numbers '08. Each table was converted to an Excel worksheet.

Numbers Sheet Name             Numbers Table Name

                               Nursery Index
Plant Index
                               Table 1
                               Asian Pear
                               "All Drawings from the Sheet"
                               Table 4
                               "All Drawings from the Sheet"
                               Bush Cherry
                               "All Drawings from the Sheet"
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
Fruiting Shrubs
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
                       Siberian Pea Shrub
                       Sea Buckthorn
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
Ground Covers
                       Ground Covers
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
Perennial Vegetables
                       Table 1
Other not yet done
Fedco Sheet1
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
Fedco Sheet2
                       "All Drawings from the Sheet"
able was converted to an Excel worksheet.

          Excel Worksheet Name

          Introduction - Nursery Index

          Plant Index - Table 1

          Pear - Pear
          Pear - Asian Pear
          Pear - Drawings

          Peach - Peach
          Peach - Pawpaw
          Peach - Apricot
          Peach - Table 4
          Peach - Drawings

          Plums - Plum

          Cherry - Cherry
          Cherry - Bush Cherry
          Cherry - Drawings

          Vines - Kiwi
          Vines - Grape
          Vines - Hops
Vines - Drawings

Hazels - Hazel

Fruiting Shrubs - Blueberry
Fruiting Shrubs - Currants
Fruiting Shrubs - Gooseberries
Fruiting Shrubs - Elderberries
Fruiting Shrubs - Juneberries
Fruiting Shrubs - Hawthorn
Fruiting Shrubs - Drawings

Raspberries - Raspberries

N-Fixers - Siberian Pea Shrub
N-Fixers - Buffaloberry
N-Fixers - Sea Buckthorn
N-Fixers - Drawings

Ground Covers - Strawberries
Ground Covers - Ground Covers
Ground Covers - Drawings

Perennial Vegetables - Perennia

Nuts - Table 1

Other not yet done - Mulberry

Fedco Sheet1

Fedco Sheet2
 Hello and thanks for using this resource!
 Just to give a bit of background, basically this developed accidentally - or at the very least
 coincidentally. While working on the plant list for my very first „professional‟ Permaculture design, I
 realized that I had little knowledge/appreciation of the cultivated varieties of fruiting plants and other
 useful species available to us here in northern Vermont (and other places throughout the region as
 well). Thus, feeling as obsessively compulsed as ever, I chose to collate the offerings of several of
 the better known nursery catalogs serving our region with useful plants into one cohesive document
 so that designers can make better educated choices when it comes to cultivar selection for a given
 project. What I am now disseminating is by no means complete. The goal is that it is continuously
 built upon, ultimately creating a „super-index‟ that is appropriate and applicable to various respective
 bioregions. I invite feedback, comments and criticism as well as improvements and additions. This
 represents perhaps 5 or 6 days in the life of.... Without a doubt, it will only grow better with the
 addition of a minute, hour, day or week of yours. I developed the format as I went - perhaps there
 are better, or at the very least, more logical ways to present the information. Let me know and I‟ll see
 what I can do.

 If you‟re using this already, thanks so much for the good work you‟re doing. If not, find a place to
 apply it and share it widely. And when your project is underway, share it with us - and better and
 more specifically, with the Apios Institute, our regional forest garden research body.

 Best wishes and blessings to you,
 Mark Krawczyk

Nursery Key        Name                    Phone                                    Web
STL         St. Lawrence Nursery        315-265-6739
OI          Oikos Tree Crops           (269) 624-6233
FC          Fedco                      (207) 873-7333
SL          Siloam Orchards             905-852-9418
EFN         Edible Forest Nursery       608 663 0840
ER          Elmore Roots              1-800-42-PLANT
MI          Miller Nursery            1-800-836-9630
GNN         Grimo‟s Nut Nursery1-905-YEH-NUTS (934-6887)
NTG         Nut Tree Gordon           (716)691-9371
                                Address                                       e-mail
                325 State Highway 345 Potsdam, NY 13676 
             PO Box 19425 Kalamazoo, Michigan 40019-0425
             Fedco Seeds, PO Box 520, Waterville, ME 04903
 7300 - 3rd. Concession R.R. #1, Uxbridge Ontario Canada L9P 1R1
                653 S Segoe Rd Apt 4 Madison, WI 53711
                631 Symonds Mill Road Wolcott, VT 05680
           5060 West Lake Road Canandaigua, NY 14424-8904
979 Lakeshore RD,. R.R. 3, Niagara-On-The-Lake, Ontario Canada LOS 1JO
            1385 Campbell Blvd, Amherst, New York, 14228  
        Plum                  Pear                   Grapes              Blueberries          Peach         Paw Paw            Apricot

SL - Compass           ER - A - Cabot         ER - Beta                ER - Bluecrop    ER - Reliance      RH - Pawpaw ER - Moorpark
SL - Sapalta           ER - A - Waterville    ER - Bluebell            ER - Blueray     FC - Garnet Beauty GNN - Pawpaw ER - Hargrand
SL - Deep Purple       ER - A - Flemish       ER - Brianna             ER - Chippewa                                     ER
                                                                                        FC - Harrow Beauty NTG - PA Golden - J.J.
ER - LaCrescent        ER - A - Hardy WI      ER - Canadice            ER - Friendship FC - Madison       FC - Pawpaw ER - Sungold
ER - Alderman          ER - A - Patten        ER - Edelweiss           ER - Northblue    FC - Red Haven                  ER - Manchurian
                                                                                                          OI - Michigan Banana
ER - Pembina           ER - A - Luscious      ER - Fredonia            ER - Northcountry FC - Reliance                   MI - Moongold - Dw
ER - Sapalta           ER - A - Stacey        ER - Frontenac           ER - Northland                                    MI - Sungold - Dw
ER - American          ER - A - Nova          ER - Kay Gray            ER - Northsky                                     MI - Moorpark - Dw
ER - Red Diamond       ER - A -               ER - King of the North   ER - Patriot                                      MI - Super Hardy „S.H.‟ Chinese - Dw
ER - Superior          ER - A - Ure           ER - La Crescent         ER - Polaris                                      MI - Moorpark - Std
ER - Vermont           ER - A - Sauvignac     ER - Prairie Star        ER - St. Cloud                                    MI - Early Golden - Std
ER - Toka              ER - B - Clark         ER - Sabrevois           FC - Lowbush                                      SL - Morden 604
ER - Underwood         ER - B - David or      ER - St. Croix           FC - Bluecrop                                     FC - Harogem
ER - Waneta            ER - B - Pepi          ER - Swenson‟s Red FC - Blueray                                            FC - Puget Gold
ER - Opal              SL - Clapps Favorite   ER - Valiant            FC - Duke                                          OI - Briana
ER - Hildreth          SL - Flemish Beauty    ER - Worden             FC - Elliot                                        OI - Ansu
ER - Todd              SL - Luscious          STL - Beta              FC - Hersey                                        OI - Manchurian
STL - A - Alderman     SL - Summercrisp       STL - Bluebell          FC - Northland
STL- A - LaCrescent STL - Ayers               STL - Fredonia          FC - Patriot
STL - A - Percy‟s      STL - Cabot            STL - Frontenac         STL - Bluegold
STL - A - Pipestone STL - Clark               STL - Kay Gray          STL - Chippewa
STL - A - Ptitsin #9   STL - David            STL - King of the North STL - Friendship
STL - A - Superior     STL - Golden Spice     STL - Louise Swenson STL - Northblue
STL - A Toka           STL - Herman Last      STL - LaCrescent        STL - Northcountry
STL - A - Underwood STL - Hudar               STL - Prairie Star      STL - Northland
STL - A - Vermont Plum STL - John             STL - Sabrevois         STL - Northsky
STL - A - Waneta       STL - Jubilee                                  STL
                                              STL - Somerset Seedless - Patriot
STL - B - Ewing Blue STL - Leonard            STL - St. Pepin         STL - Polaris
STL - B - Golden GageSTL - Luscious           STL - Swenson Red       STL - Putte
STL - B - Green Gage STL - Nova               STL - Swenson White STL - St. Cloud
STL - B - Hildreth     STL - O‟burg           STL - Worden            OI - Chippewa
STL - B Mt. Royal      STL- Olia              STL - Valiant           OI - Friendship
STL - B - Northern BlueSTL - Parker           FC - Beta               OI - Little Giant
STL - B - Opal       STL - Patten        FC - Bluebell         OI - North
STL - Native American STL - Pepi         FC - Chontay          OI - Northsky
STL - Manchurian      STL - Sauvignac    FC - Frontenac        OI - Polaris
SL - Damson           STL - Southworth   FC - Kay Gray         OI - St. Cloud
SL - Mt. Royal        STL - Stacey       FC - Louise           OI - Wild
SL - Stanley         STL - Summercrisp   FC - Prairie Star     OI - Putte
FC - American        STL - Tyson         FC - Reliance SeedlessOI - LIttle Crisp
FC - Delton‟s AmericanSTL - Ure          FC - Sabrevois        OI - Blue Boy
FC - Gracious        STL - Waterville    FC - St. Croix        OI - Green Eld
FC - Kaga                                                      OI
                                         FC - Somerset Seedless - Partridge Lake Wild
FC - Kahinta                                                   OI - Hillside
FC - LaCrescent
FC - Purple Heart
FC - South Dakota
FC - Superior
FC - Toka
FC - Underwood
FC - Wayneta
FC - Blue River
FC - Golden Transparent Gage
FC - Stanley
OI - American Plum
OI - Dunbars Plum
OI - Beach Plum
OI - Nana Beach Plum
OI - Ussuri
      Cherry             Bush Cherries         Kiwi                 Hazel                   Raspberries                  Currants

SL - Meteor          SL - Crimson PassionER - Arguta       ER - Hazelbert           ER - Latham                   STL - BC - Titania
SL - Northstar       SL - Carmine Jewel ER - Kolomitka GNN - NY Hazel               ER - Boyne                    STL - BC - Ben Sarek
FC - Stella          SL - Joy Bush Cherry FC - Arg. Meader GNN - Hazel              ER - Nova                     STL - BC - Ben Connan

FC - Galaxy Pie                                              GNN -
                       SL - Joel Bush CherryFC - Arg. Michigan State Northern Hazel                               STL
                                                                                     ER - Autumn Britten Everbearing - BC - Consort variety
                       SL                                    G
FC - Garfield Plantation - Nanking Cherry FC - Arg. - Meader NN - Skinner            ER - Polana Everbearing      STL - RC - Red Lake
FC - Meteor            SL - Dwarf Ground Cherry              GNN - Turkish Tree      ER - Royalty Purple RaspberrySTL - WC - White Imperial
FC - Montmorency OI - White Nanking                          GNN - Lots of Ten       ER - BR - Black hawk         ER - Gabe‟s Favorite Black
FC - Northstar         OI - Korean Bush                                              ER
                                                             GNN - Layered Grimo 186M - BB - Fort Kent King       ER - BC - Consort
ER - Bali                                                    GNN - Layered Grimo 208DSTL - Boyne                  ER - BC - Crandall

ER - Mesabi                                               GNN - Layered Grimo 208PSTL - Killarney                 ER - BC - Ben Sarek
ER - Meteor                                               GNN - Layered Red Leaf STL - Autumn Bliss               ER - WC - Hillcrest
ER - Montmorency                                          GNN - Layered Het #1    STL - Redwing                   ER - RC - Pink Champagne
ER - North Star                                           GNN - Layered Het #3    STL - BR - Brandywine Purple    ER - RC - Red Lake

OI - Wild Yellow Sweet                                    GNN - Layered Barcelona STL - BR - Pequot               OI - BC - American Black
                                                          GNN Layered Santiam       FC - Anne                     OI - WC - Golden Currant
                                                          STL - Hazelbert           FC - Killarney
                                                          FC - American Hazelnut/Filbert- Nova
                                                          FC - Precocious Hazelbert FC - Polana
                                                          OI - American             FC - Prelude
                                                          OI - ECOS American        FC - Royalty Purple
                                                          OI - Filazels             FC - BB - Fort Kent King
                                                          OI - ECOS Filazels        OI - Yellow Raspberry
                                                          OI - Precocious           OI - Thimbleberry
                                                          OI - Trazels
                 Gooseberries        Elderberry         Juneberry            Cornelian    Siberian Pea Buffaloberry         Sea Buckthorn
                                                                              Cherry          Shrub
             ER - GB - Pixwell Purple ER - Adams                          OI
                                                   STL - Autumn Brilliance - Redstone                  STL            S
                                                                                         STL - Pea Shrub - Buffaloberry TL - Wild
             ER - GB - Hinnomaki Red R - York      STL - Princess Diana OI - Cornelian Cherry                         STL
                                                                                                       OI - Sakakawea Silver- Harvest Moon - Fe
             ER - GB Invicta Green ER - Nova       STL - Prince William                                               STL - Orange September - Fe

             ER - GB - Tixia Red    ER - Johns     STL - Fergie                                                      STL - Male Sea Buckthorn
             STL - GB - Pixwell     ER - Native    STL - Honeywood
                                    STL - Johns
             OI - Northern Gooseberry              STL - Nelson
             OI - Red               STL - Nova     STL - Northline
             OI - Green             STL - York     STL - Pembina
                                    STL - Adams    STL - Regent

                                    FC - Adams #1 STL - Smoky
                                    FC - GoodbarnSTL - Success
ink Champagne                                     STL
                                    OI - Johns Black - Thiessen
                                                  FC - Apple Serviceberry

merican Black                                      OI - Regent Saskatoon
 olden Currant                                     OI - Robin Hill Juneberry
                                                   OI - Shadblow Serviceberry
                                                   OI - Northern Juneberry
                                                   OI - Tree Serviceberry
                                                   OI - Success Running Serviceberry
                                                   OI - Allegneny Serviceberry
    Strawberry             Groundcovers          Perennials/etc

ER - JB - CavendishER - Bearberry       ER - J. Chokes
ER - JB - Sparkle ER - Am Cranberry     ER - Horseradish
ER - EB - Everest ER - Bunchberry Dogwood R - Wintergreen

ER - EB - Tribute      ER - Longonberry   ER - Comfrey
FC - Earliglow         ER - Wintergreen   ER - Daylilies
FC - Honeoye                              ER - Rhubarb
FC - Jewel                                ER - Ginger
FC - Seascape                             ER - Asparagus
FC - Sparkle                              STL - Rhubarb - Canada Red

OI - Kelly‟s Blanket                      STL - Rhubarb - MacDonald
OI - Intensity                            STL - Rhubarb - Valentine
OI - Woodland                             FC - Horseradish - Big Top
OI - Berries Galore                       FC - Asparagus - Jersey Supreme

OI - Pretty in Pink                       FC - Asparagus - Purple Passion
OI - Temptation                           FC - Rhubarb - „MacDonald‟
                                          OI - Asparagus - Very Wild
                                          OI - J Choke - Stampede
                                          OI - J Choke - Red Rover
                                          OI - Groundnut
       Cultivar              Nursery             Latin       Desser         Soils     Height Hardi                Fruit                 Ripening
                                                             t/Siberi                        ness

Aniversarea             EFN                 Pyrus
Ayers                   STL                 Pyrus                                              -40+ medium size, very flavorful and sweet
                                                                                                                                   early September
Bartlett                FC, MI              Pyrus                                      8-20‟   Z4/5 large, classic oblong-obtuse-pyriform fruit, very good quality, yellow
                                                                                                                                   late summer
Beurre Bosc             MI                  Pyrus                       tolerate heavy 8-20‟
                                                                                       soils    Z4  large, gourd shape, russet-bronze
Beurre D‟anjou          MI                  Pyrus                                      8-20‟    Z5  sweet, juicy, rich             late September
Bosc                    FC                  Pyrus                                                   large, long necked, dark rich, yellow covered w/ cinnamon-brown r
Butirra Precoce         EFN                 Pyrus                                            unknownmed-large, melting, juicy, sweet and white flesh bears an excellent
Cabot                   ER, STL           Pyrus               A                            -50 medium size, melting, aromatic, sweet, good for fresh eating
Clapps Favorite         SL, FC, MI        Pyrus                                 8-20‟ Zone 4 med.-large, pale green-yellowish, flesh August white, fine textured
                                                                                                                                mid-late creamy
Clark                   ER, STL           Pyrus               B                                 small, canning, fair quality eating when ripe, ripens all at once, not
                                                                                                                                early September
Collette                MI                Pyrus                                 8-20‟      Z4 rich flavor, firm flesh, fine texture, no grit, firm, fragrant
                                                                                                                                late August-frost
Max-Red Bartlett        MI                Pyrus                                 8-20‟      Z4 Bartlett flavor, high sugar, bright red
Comptesse Clara Frijs   FC                Pyrus                                         Zone 4 med-size, yellowy-green, oblong-obovate, pyriform, thick skinned, s
                                                                                                                                late summer
Dana Hovey              EFN, FC           Pyrus                                                                                  juicy, intensely
                                                                                        Zone 4 delicious, small dessert pear -October/wintersweet and rich
David                   STL               Pyrus                                            -50 thin skinned, flesh holds its firmness and is good for cooking and p
David or John           ER                Pyrus               B                                 excellent for sauce, jam        early
Endicott                FC                Pyrus                                           Z4-5 medium size, roundish, greenish yellow, dotted and splashed with
Flemish Beauty          ER, SL, EFN       Pyrus               A                         Zone 4 large, lt yellow skin, flesh creamy white, buttery, juicy rich and suga
Golden Spice            STL, EFN          Pyrus                                                                                 September - when ripe
                                                                                           -50 Sweet and aromatic. Good for fresh eating October and for hom
Hardy Wisconsin         ER                Pyrus               A                                 fresh eating/canning
Harrow Delight          EFN               Pyrus                                                                                   w/ almost no grit cells
                                                                                        Zone 5 high quality flesh, very smoothAugust - early Sept.
Harrow Delight - NCGR   EFN               Pyrus                                                 5% smaller than Bartlett, flesh quality high, juicy, grit equal to that o
Harrow Sweet            EFN               Pyrus                                                 very sweet, juicy, excellent taste, keeps about 10 weeks
                                                                                                                                late September - early October
Herman Last             STL               Pyrus                                            -40 med-large size fruit ripens on the tree. good for eating and cooking
Hudar                   STL, EFN          Pyrus                                         -40--50 yellow w/ sweet, juicy flesh, good to very good fresh
                                                                                                                                late July - early August
John                    STL, EFN                                                22‟
                                          Pyrus ussuriensis/P. communis ussuriensis cross-50/Z3 only fair quality eating        September
Jubilee                 STL               Pyrus ussuriensis/P. communis ussuriensis cross -50 small-med. size, good for canning and fresh eating when ripe - doe
Kasper‟s Winter         FC                Pyrus                                            Z4 Coarse flesh, good flavor, very hard off tree, greenish-mottled med
                                                                                                                                late fall-winter
Kieffer                 EFN               Pyrus                                           Z4/5 good dessert pear if eaten at the right time and properly ripened
                                                                                                                                mid-Sept-early Oct
Leonard                 STL               Pyrus                                            -40 med-size, hard, green pear that ripens yellow to a smooth melting,
                                                                                                                                late - September
Luscious                                  Pyrus
                        ER, SL, STL, FC, EFN                  A                           Z3/4 small-large, juicy, sweet, yellow, flavor similar to Bartlett, firm yet m
                                                                                                                                mid-late September
Magness                 FC                Pyrus                                            Z4 med-size,greenish-yellow w/ light dull-bronze russeting, sometimes
                                                                                                                                late Summer
Moonglow                EFN, MI           Pyrus                                 8-20‟                                           late no grit cells
                                                                                          Z5/4 large, excellent mild flavor, almost August/Sept
Nova                   ER, STL           Pyrus               A                            -40 large round, melting, juicy, sweet, crisp, russeted, can be used gre
Olia                   STL               Pyrus ussuriensis/P. communis ussuriensis cross -50 small, flavorful fruit              early October
O‟burg                 STL               Pyrus                                            -40 med-large, ripening to a smooth, very fine quality fruit
Parker                 STL               Pyrus                                            -40 medium-large fruit                 mid- September
Patten                 ER, STL, EFN      Pyrus               A                            -50 very large fruits, fresh eating, fair for canning. Pick about one wee
                                                                                                                                 mid-late September
Patten (NCGR)          EFN               Pyrus                                                 large, juicy, excellent quality for dessert, fair canned
Pepi                   ER, STL           Pyrus ussuriensis/P.Bcommunis ussuriensis cross -50 small fruit, cooker, good for canning
Rootstock              FC                Pyrus communis                                   Z4
Rousellett de Rheims   EFN               Pyrus                                                 slightly grainy texture
Red Anjou              MI                Pyrus                                 8-20‟      Z5 soft, flowing w/ juice, clear smooth skin, sweet mild flavor
Sanguinole             EFN               Pyrus                                                 red flesh, medium-small
Sauvignac              ER, STL           Pyrus               A                            -40 very sweet, juicy w/ few grit cells.
Seckel                 EFN, FC, MI       Pyrus                                 8-20‟ Zone 4 small, delicious all around, juicy, spicy, distinctive and aromatic, sm
                                                                                                                                 early September
Southworth             STL               Pyrus                                            -40 good flavor, Bartlett sized sweet pear w/ juicy flesh, firm becoming
                                                                                                                                 mid-late September
Stacey                 ER, STL, EFN      Pyrus               A                         -40--50 small but sweet. abundant, excellent flavor. Pick in mid-August be
                                                                                                                                 mid-late August
Stacyville             FC                Pyrus                                            Z3 med-size, obovate-obtuse-pyriform, light yellow w/ beautiful orange
                                                                                                                                 late summer
Summercrisp                              Pyrus
                       ER, SL, STL, FC, EFN                  A                         Zone 3 med-size, w/ conic habit, crispy, juicy slicer, great for fresh eating,
Superfin               FC                Pyrus                                            Z5 delicate and pleasantly perfumed flesh is „tinged with yellow, granu
Tyson                  STL, EFN, FC      Pyrus                                          -40/Z4 med-size, conical, very juicy, sweet and aromatic, high quality fruit
                                                                                                                                 early September
Ure                    ER, STL, EFN                          A
                                         Pyrus communis/Pyrus ussuriensis x             -50/Z3 sweet, very juicy, prolific, excellent when fully ripe, full sized
Vermont Beauty         FC                Pyrus                                            Z4 med-size, obovate-acute-pyriform, lemon yellow w/ bright red blush
Waterville             ER, STL           Pyrus               A                            -40 large and juicy w/ slightly coarse but very sweet flesh; quality fruit
White Doyenne          EFN               Pyrus                                                 high quality, sweet yet tart and aromatic
              Years    Size            Cost
                to    Availabl
             Fruiting    e

               3 to 5     2-4‟         $18 ea
                        dwf/std $23.45, $20.55
                        dwf/std $23.45, $20.55
 white flesh bears an excellent flavor

               3 to 5
                               $25 ea/$20.50 (FC)
               3 to 5    2-4‟        $18 ea
                        dwf/std $23.45, $20.55
                 3      dwf/std $23.45, $20.55
               3 to 5    2-4‟        $18 ea

low, dotted and splashed with russet $20.50
                                  $25 ea - SL
              3 to 5    2-4‟         $18 ea

st - early Sept.
y high, juicy, grit equal to that of Bartlett
                2 to 3
                3 to 5
                3 to 5      2-4‟          $18 ea
                3 to 5      2-4‟          $18 ea
                3 to 5      2-4‟          $18 ea
                3 to 5      2-4‟          $18 ea
                3 to 5         $25 ea - SL, $20.50 ea FC
                2 to 3
                3 to 5    2-4‟       $18 ea
                3 to 5    2-4‟       $18 ea
                3 to 5
                3 to 5    2-4‟       $18 ea
                3 to 5    2-4‟       $18 ea
sert, fair canned
                3 to 5


               3 to 5     2-4‟        $18 ea
               3 to 5     2-4‟        $18 ea
               3 to 5     2-4‟        $18 ea
               3 to 5        FC - $20.50, $25 ea - SL
               3 to 5     2-4‟    $18 ea, $20.50
               3 to 5     2-4‟        $18 ea
               3 to 5     2-4‟        $18 ea

Very productive and resistant to scab
An Anjou cross that grows well in Danville, VT. Skin is rose-tinted, somewhat russeted. Tree shape quite columnar. Resistant to fireblight.
Full reliable annual crops. Large vigorous easy to grow long-lived tree bears young. Very productive. Excellent for canning. Susceptible to fire blight. Will not pollinate
Resist heat and cold and tolerate heavy soils even with no feeding. Bloom late and avoid frost kill.
Very high quality dessert pear. Keeps well in storage. Tree is hardy, bears early and is quite blight resistant.
Large vigorous upright spreading tree bears huge crops annually. Fruit large, long necked, dark rich, yellow covered w/ cinnamon-brown russet, distinctive sweet rich sp
Bartlett x Coscia Italy by A. Morettini 1956. (butirra = buttery, precoce = early). According to notes from the Corvalis Repository, fruits are „melting, juicy, sweet and whi

Good for fresh eating. Extremely winter hardy.
Vigorous, upright and spreading, productive, winter hardy. Pick fruits before completely ripe and finish indoors (tendency to soften at the center after ripening). Said to
Fruit ripens all at once, good for canning, not a keeper. Tree vigorous, fireblight and scab resistant. Origin STL
Superb quality fruit and everbearing character. First crops are about the size of Bartlett. After the first yields in late August, more ripening follows continuously until killin
Retains original Bartlett flavor but exceeds it‟s sweetness w/ 10% fructose. Found as a sport growing on a Bartlett tree - a bud sport is a distinctly different fruit produced
Keeps for a month. Solid rugged hardy tree. Jim Ozzello of Wisconsin rates it in the top two of the 22 varieties he grows in WI. Denmark 19th century. Very old delect
Possibly the best eating of all winter pears - keeps extremely well. Harvest in October and store in a cool dry spot. Still great eating in December - even as late as Febr
thin skinned, flesh holds its firmness and is good for cooking and processing. Fireblight resistant.
Very hardy and disease resistant, bears early
About 1630, Orchard Farm, Naumkeag, MA. The incredible 380 year old Endicott pear tree has the distinction of being probably the oldest living fruit tree in America. P
Heirloom variety. Bartlett type of excellent quality. Originated in the 1800s - since the 18th CE, it has been a favorite in Europe. Lemish Beauty has 35 synonyms. Disc
Good pollinator, Vigorous grower. Sweet and aromatic. Good for fresh eating when ripe and for home processing. Not a keeper. Originated in Excelsior, MN by Unive
Midwestern cultivar
Old Home cross 1982 Ag. Canada Res. Station. Ripens 2-3 weeks earlier than Bartlett in August - early Sept. Equal to Kieffer in blight resistance. Cross-fertile w/ Anjo
Fruit flavor as good as Bartlett but distinctly different. Skin light green to yellow green with 20-30% covered w/ light blush. No russeting, processed fruit inferior to Bartle
Annual heavy yields. Ripens 3 weeks after Bartlett. Same fruit size as Bartlett. Produces fruit from lateral buds on one year wood as well as on spurs (comes into prod
med-large size fruit ripens on the tree. good for eating and cooking. Resistant to fireblight. Origin STL
Good eating, good size, about equal to Bartlett. Origin STL
Very hardy and fireblight resistant but only fair quality eating. It is a prairie hardy eating pear, more pear shaped than the Thomas pear. Great choice as a pollinator for
Very hardy and fireblight resistant. good for canning and fresh eating when ripe - does not keep
Frankendorf, Germany. Very good tough-skinned storage pear will keep until April in a root cellar. Coarse flesh with good flavor. Very hard off the tree - don‟t eat till a m
Practically immune to fireblight. Excellent for canning and baking but not often recommended for fresh eating. Must be ripened properly - pick fruit while still hard and s
Origin Clarke Nattress.
Winter hardy fireblight resistant - flavor similar to Bartlett. Medium size. Bears so heavily it‟s apt to break branches. Appears to be self-pollinating. Fruit good off the tre
Generally considered unequaled in flavor and quality. Vigorous spreading tree. Will not pollinate other varieties. Keeps more than 2 months w/ refrigeration. Fruit set c
Trees are upright, heavily spurred and can bear at an early age (often 2nd year after planting.) Ripens 10-14 days earlier than Bartlett (ready after 10-15 days of cold st
Can be used green or ripe. Hangs well without premature drop. STL‟s „best pear‟ - named after their daughter, Nova. Precocious and self-fertile.
Tree vigorous and productive. Fireblight resistant. Not a keeper
Excellent canned. Original tree grew just south of Ogdensburg, NY for 50 years. Origin STL.
Introduced by U of MN in 1934. Fruits yellow with red blush, fine grained, tender, juicy
One of the best zone 3 pears. Good quality, yellow, tender, juicy, very large fruits, fresh eating, fair for canning or prompt use. Rugged, long lived. Moderate but persis
If picked 7-10 days before maturity, fruit ripens well and has excellent quality for desert. Tree is among the hardiest of large fruiting varieties - valuable only in the colder
Disease resistant, good for cooking. Very cold hardy, immune to fireblight. Lacks the eating quality of European pears.
Seedling rootstock for pears. Exceptional resistance to pear decline. Good uniformity. (1/4” caliper)
Bob Allen - „In 2000, I picked my entire crop of R de R‟s earlier than usual -in August- and decided because of their slightly grainy texture to try using most of them in a g
Introduced sport of the popular Anjou because of its red color. Pick in September, watch its color get brighter red in storage. Flavor reaches peak about 2 months after
First known in Germany in 1500, imported to France from Switzerland. Fruits are medium-small in size. They vary in form ranging from turbinate-obtuse or globular to b
Juicy w/ few grit cells. Originated near Quebec City, CA in a very cold area. Brought to the attention of STL by Henri Bernard.
The standard of comparison for the highest quality pears. Sometimes called Sugar Pear. Trees are slow growing but hardy and productive. Often considered best-flav
Self-fertile. Tree is a strong vigorous grower. Originated in northern NY. Fruits have good flavor, Bartlett sized sweet pear w/ juicy flesh, firm becoming melting. Origin
The original tree is at least 250 years old and is growing near Stacyville, ME. Very vigorous grower. Very long lived. Small but good fruits. Brought to the attention of S
Produces large crops of fruit annually - can begin production after only a few years. Unknown origin- Stacyville, ME. Appears to be self-pollinating. disease resistant, e
STL‟s second earliest pear. Best utilized as a crisp juicy fruit similar to Asian Pears. Precocious, annually bearing. Perhaps the best of the hardy pears for fresh eating
One of the most delicious dessert pears of all time. Large trees, are healthy, productive and adapted to many soil types. According to UP Hedrick in his 1922 classic C
Known since 1794, Jenkintown, PA. Tree is upright, spreading, large, vigorous and annually productive. Widely planted in ME for generations. Fruit is med-size, conica
One of the best zone 3 pears. Good for canning and fresh eating. Tolerant of extremely cold or fireblight-prone areas. Fruit quality excellent when fully ripe. http://www
Fruit med-size, obovate-acute-pyriform, lemon yellow w/ bright red blush that fades into pinkish red dots, flesh tender, melting, smooth, dense, fine grained and juicy, few
An ER introduction known for its hardiness and fruit quality - originating in Waterville, VT. Shared by David Fried. Extremely vigorous grower. Large and juicy fruits with
Regarded as being of highest quality, sweet yet tart and aromatic. Ancient and world-renowned, the fruits are as good as any coming from a pear orchard, now rarely pl
e blight. Will not pollinate Seckel. Seedling found in Aldermaston, England (Williams‟ Bon Chretien). Introduced to the US in the late 1700s. Most widely planted and well known of

 t, distinctive sweet rich spicy buttery flavor; melting juicy tender white flesh has smooth texture and pleasing aroma, somewhat gritty around the core. Seedling in Lourain, Belgium 1
 ting, juicy, sweet and white flesh bears an excellent flavor‟. Keeps longer and ripens about 3 weeks earlier than Bartlett. Vigorous and productive. Storage 1-2 months. One of the b

 r after ripening). Said to be Bartlett x Flemish Beauty. First raised by Thaddeus Clapp or Dorchester, MA around 1800. Very hardy common in Maine for over 100 years. Best if har

 ws continuously until killing freezes stop all growth.
ctly different fruit produced on a branch of a specific variety. Tree grows rapidly and begins yielding early.
h century. Very old delectable desert pear first described in 1858 by JA Bentzien in the Danish garden journal Dansk Haugetidende and thought to be from the village of Skensved.
ber - even as late as February. Hardy vigorous moderately productive spreading tree adapts to a variety of soils. No scab and relatively few bugs. Aka Winter Seckel. Introduced by

ng fruit tree in America. Planted from seed in 1630/2 by Puritan John Endicott, the first Colonial Governor of MA. He was an avid gardener who grew hundreds of fruit trees on his 30
 y has 35 synonyms. Discovered by Van Mons in East Flanders about 1810 and distributed amongst his friends thereafter. Quickly established as a leading European pear and with
 in Excelsior, MN by University of MN Fruit Breeding Farm. Parentage unknown - seed planted in 1914, selected about 1924, introduced in 1949 tested as Minnesota 4. Fruit, small,

nce. Cross-fertile w/ Anjou, Bartlett, Moon glow, others
ssed fruit inferior to Bartlett and slightly better than Kieffer. Ripens 2 weeks before Bartlett. Tree: spreading, vigor moderate, productive, resistance to fireblight slightly less than Old
 n spurs (comes into production in second or third year after planting) Should be thinned to maintain productivity and fruit size, especially young trees. Bartlett x Purdue 80-51 (Early

 choice as a pollinator for Thomas pear. Fast growing. Flowers are white, profuse and showy. Fruit good for fresh eating, jams and jellies. Not as good as Ure, Patten, Summercris

 f the tree - don‟t eat till a month after picking. Brought from a roadside near Frankendorf to Unity, ME where it was named by grower Howard Wulf who calls it „ the latest keeping pea
  fruit while still hard and store in a cool place. Reaches peak flavor when fruit gives slightly to the touch. Vigorous tree bears young, dependable crops. Often bears small fruit and o

 ting. Fruit good off the tree - particularly good for canning and preserves. FC - „One of the few recent pear introductions that deserves a place in the home orchard. Crops annually.
w/ refrigeration. Fruit set can be inconsistent. Rich, melting, buttery, juicy, sugary, tender, highly perfumed and aromatic w/ almost no grit cells. Some insect resistance and excellent
 fter 10-15 days of cold storage) Very precocious and productive. High quality, resistant to fireblight. Requires pollinator. Marginal in zone 4. Dr. Howard Brooks, Maryland, 1968.
 ved. Moderate but persistent bearer. Pick about one week before ripe and then allow to ripen
 valuable only in the colder areas of the Upper Mississippi Valley where Bartlett, Anjou, and other standard varieties can‟t be grown. Moderately resistant to fire blight. Good for home

 using most of them in a ginger-pear marmalade of my own devising. According to Todd Kennedy‟s description, the Rousselet was the favorite pear of King Louis XIV of France, and
eak about 2 months after picking.
ate-obtuse or globular to bossed. Skin is thick and rough, green dotted w/ gray and red, sprinkled with streaks and patches of russet. Flesh is transparent, red, semi-fine, semi-break

Often considered best-flavored of all pears - even skin is delicious. Eat ripe off the tree or pick firm and ripen later. Very productive annual-bearing large tree, easy to grow. Very relia
becoming melting. Origin STL
 ought to the attention of STL by Clarke Nattress. Pick in mid-August before fully ripe and then allow to ripen in a cool storage space. Keeps about a week.
  ting. disease resistant, extremely hardy and very vigorous. Rare.
 rdy pears for fresh eating off the tree. Keeps well, up to two months. Large harvest. Fireblight resistant. Blooms early to mid-May. Harvest fruits while still green w/ a red blush. Fr
drick in his 1922 classic Cyclopedia of Hardy Fruits, its delicate and pleasantly perfumed flesh is „tinged with yellow, granular, melting, buttery, very juicy, sweet, rich, with brisk vinou
 . Fruit is med-size, conical, very high quality - for fresh eating, keeps only a short time in storage. Tolerant of bugs, disease and weather. Fire blight resistant. According to the Corv
when fully ripe.
  fine grained and juicy, few grit cells. Excellent dessert pear - ripens after Seckel and keeps for 5-6 weeks. Me-large healthy productive vigorous upright spreading tree. Susceptible
  Large and juicy fruits with a slightly coarse but very sweet flesh.
 ear orchard, now rarely planted in America. In the middle of the 19th century, White Doyenne was one of the most commonly planted varieties from coast to coast and went by name
Most widely planted and well known of all pears, 75% of US commercial crop. Adaptable to many climates and soils.

e core. Seedling in Lourain, Belgium 1807; aka Beurre Bosc. Good pollinator.
 ve. Storage 1-2 months. One of the best early pears. Graft compatible on quince. Available for testing.

n Maine for over 100 years. Best if harvested prior to becoming fully tree ripe to help prevent core rot and the development of gritty stone cells. Felco's scion wood comes from an an

  to be from the village of Skensved.
 gs. Aka Winter Seckel. Introduced by fruit enthusiast Francis Dana, Roxbury, MA 1854. Dubbed Dana‟s Hovey in honor of CM Hovey, Boston nurseryman and author of The fruits o

o grew hundreds of fruit trees on his 300 acre „Orchard Farm‟ in what is now Danvers, on the banks of the Waters River. By 1837 the tree was 80‟ tall and measured 55‟ in circumfere
 as a leading European pear and with Bartlett among the first imported pears to be planted in Ontario, particularly in northern areas where Bartlett doesn't survive. Ranked first class
9 tested as Minnesota 4. Fruit, small, skin clear yellow with blush, flesh light yellow, juicy, flavor pleasant, tart, spicy, ripening in midseason, resembles Seckel in size but not as swee

 ance to fireblight slightly less than Old Home. Cross fertile with Bartlett, Bosc, Anjou and Harvest Queen. Introduced for early fresh market and home garden use. Originated at Res
  trees. Bartlett x Purdue 80-51 (Early Sweet x Old Home)

 t as good as Ure, Patten, Summercrisp and Nova as well as other zone 3 pears but is more reliably winter hardy. Better if grown in the far north and eaten when perfectly ripe.

Wulf who calls it „ the latest keeping pear he‟s ever seen‟. Sturdy adaptable hardy tree. Precocious.
 e crops. Often bears small fruit and often self-sterile. Tolerates hot climates, marginal in zone 4. Roxborough, PA 1863

 in the home orchard. Crops annually. Excellent for dessert but not for canning. Ripens in storage 7-10 days after harvest and remains excellent for fresh eating for about 2 weeks.
 Some insect resistance and excellent fire blight resistance. Plant breeder Elwyn Meader rated Magness as the standard by which to judge other pears in taste and quality. US 3866
 Dr. Howard Brooks, Maryland, 1968.
resistant to fire blight. Good for home orchard and local markets. Originated in Charles City, IA by C.G. Patten. named and introduced in 1922 by HL Lantz, Iowa State Collge Orel

pear of King Louis XIV of France, and a parent of the Seckel, which was developed near Philadelphia. My experience using Rousselet in the recipe confirms it is better used for cand

ransparent, red, semi-fine, semi-breaking, juicy, saccharine, acidulous, somewhat musky and agreeable. Decomposes fast.

ing large tree, easy to grow. Very reliable production. Disease resistant (scab and fireblight). Will not pollinate Bartlett. Slow grower, easy to maintain as a small tree. (Ripe when s

uits while still green w/ a red blush. Fruits are ripe early in the season - can be eaten fresh, canned in quarters and juiced - juice is so sweet, that some talk about cutting it with apple
very juicy, sweet, rich, with brisk vinous flavor, aromatic.‟ Shape reminiscent of a Hershey‟s kiss. Angers, France 1837. Aka Beurre Superfin.
blight resistant. According to the Corvalis Repository, its quality is comparable to Seckel and is better than Clapp Favorite and Bartlett for flavor. Felco's scionwood source comes fr

us upright spreading tree. Susceptible to scab. Chance seedling - Grand Isle, VT about 1860.

from coast to coast and went by names including Virgalieu, St. Michael, Butter Pear and Buerre Dorei. One of the oldest of all varieties and said to have originated with the Romans
 Felco's scion wood comes from an ancient tree on Earland and Helen Goodhue‟s farm in Sidney.

 nurseryman and author of The fruits of America. Small pyriform, golden yellow, russeted fruit. Possible seedling of Seckel. “One of the best pears to succeed Seckel.” Keeps ofte

80‟ tall and measured 55‟ in circumference. The tree is now only about 15‟ tall and bolted together. Felco's scion wood comes from the original tree.
ett doesn't survive. Ranked first class in hardiness, almost first in productivity and reported as being an early bearer. The tree is large, from obovate, to obtuse, to pyriform. Skin is l
embles Seckel in size but not as sweet. Tree very hardy, productive - a good parent for further breeding.

d home garden use. Originated at Research Station, Harrow, Ontario CA by H.A. Quamme, AGR. Canada. Introduced in 1982. Purdue 80-15 (Old Home x Early Sweet) x Bartlett. C

h and eaten when perfectly ripe.

ent for fresh eating for about 2 weeks. Ripens mid-September when foliage turns red. Nice fall leaf color. A South Dakota E31 x Ewart cross, SD State U, 1967 - Luscious has prov
 er pears in taste and quality. US 3866-E [Giant Seckel (SP149490) x Doyenne du Comice] USDA 1960.
2 by HL Lantz, Iowa State Collge Orel 15 x Anjou. Selected probably about 1915.

ecipe confirms it is better used for candying and desserts rather than fresh eating.

maintain as a small tree. (Ripe when skin is slightly turning yellow and the stem end yields to gentle pressure) Seeding near Philadelphia, PA early 1800s.

at some talk about cutting it with apple juice to keep it from getting fizzing and exploding. Annual bearer. Vigorous and a good pollinator for other pears. Fireblight resistant.   Introd

r. Felco's scionwood source comes from a huge ancient tree in Freedom - well over 100 years old. Definitive 1921 text The Pears of New York calls Tyson‟s flavor „second only to S

d to have originated with the Romans and called „Sementinum‟. Beautiful w/ crimson species on the sunny side of a mostly yellow background. Blooms about 3-4 days after Bartlett
pears to succeed Seckel.” Keeps often into February. Scab immune.

ovate, to obtuse, to pyriform. Skin is light yellow w/ patches of brownish red on the sunny side. Flesh is creamy white, melting buttery, juicy, rich flavor, sugary and classified as havi

(Old Home x Early Sweet) x Bartlett. Cross made by R.E.C. Layne, Research Station, Harrow, selected in 1973, tested as HW-603.

SD State U, 1967 - Luscious has proven hardy in many northern states.
her pears. Fireblight resistant.   Introduced by U of MN 1986. MN N 33201 (Gaspard No. 5) unknown parentage. Brought to the MN Horticultural Research Station by John Gaspard

k calls Tyson‟s flavor „second only to SEckel‟ and says that the tree „is the most nearly perfect of any pear grown in AMerica‟. Went out of favor because it was not as large or pretty

  Blooms about 3-4 days after Bartlett begins. Since Bartlett‟s blooms extend about 10 days, the 2 will cross pollinate. From The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Tas
h flavor, sugary and classified as having first class quality.
ral Research Station by John Gaspard in 1933.

r because it was not as large or pretty as Bartlett.

and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste by Luther Tucker 1854 - „Revenues from White Doyenne probably surpass those of all other pear varieties combined in this country. White,
eties combined in this country. White, fine-grained, melting, buttery rich and delicious. Produces from 20-30 bushels per tree on a standard pear rootstock. Grows well in parts of W
ar rootstock. Grows well in parts of Western NY state. To retard its ripening to a late date, pick late and ripen in a cool dark room, it will keep this way until December. On quince it
his way until December. On quince it produces larger fruit. In some years it can „crack‟ and become entirely useless.‟
Asian Pear Nurser          Latin         Height Hardi                Fruit                  Ripening     Years    Size    Cost
 Cultivar    y                                  ness                                                       to    Availabl
                                                                                                        Fruiting    e
Kosui        EFN       Pyrus                          very sweet, stores 2 month           early August
Hosui        EFN, MI   Pyrus pyrifolia                                                                        taste 3-4‟
                                         8-10‟ Zone 5 flesh crisp, juicy and good flavor/texture, mild, sweet 1
                                                                                           mid-August                         $24.95
Shinseiki    EFN, MI   Pyrus             8-10‟ Zone 5 juicy, yellow, nearly apple shape, crisp-texture, white flesh 3-4‟
                                                                                           mid-August                         $24.95
Shinsui      EFN       Pyrus                          very sweet, early ripening           early August
Ya Li        EFN       Pyrus                          sweet, tart flavor                   early September
Chojuro      MI        Pyrus             8-10‟   Z5                                        early August               3-4‟    $24.95
Large Korean MI        Pyrus             8-10‟                                             October                    3-4‟    $24.95
                                                 Z4 up to 1lb, full of sweet, delicious juice, brown russet, crisp, white flesh

very sweet, stores 2 months
Descended from Kikusui and yakumo Japan 1954. Sores four months. Easy to grow, late blooming and ignore most pests and diseases. Will bear in first year or two u
Gourmet in quality. Extremely juicy. Best when fully ripened on the tree. Needs another Asian pear or Bartlett for pollination. Space at 10‟. Ripens along with Hosui, a
Among the sweetest of Asian pears and first to ripen. Upright, vigorous tree is a heavy producer of medium sized orange russetted fruit. One of the best at Raintree. 1
Stores 7 months. Sweet, tart flavor. Not round but nearly pear-shaped.
Easy to grow. They are compact, just right for small backyard growing. This is sometimes considered a „salad pear.‟ Bears early, keeps well. They‟ll thrive in average s
Great for storage. Will keep in refrigerator for up to 5 months - and flavor improves w/ storage. Easy to grow, productive and resistant to fire blight. Requires another A
 bear in first year or two up to hundreds after 8-9 years. Fruits ripened on the tree in July can hold on at least 2 months. Does well in taste tests. About 12% sugar. Pollinate with C
ipens along with Hosui, ahead of Chojuro. Both are good pollinators for this cultivar. Stores into January. Highly resistant to pseudomonas. Nijisseiki x Chojuro 1972. National Hor
of the best at Raintree. 15% sugar. Fruit - medium size (250g) yellow brown russeted, globose-oblate. Flesh, crisp, juicy, very sweet, fine texture. Excellent eating quality, not as fir

They‟ll thrive in average soil
light. Requires another Asian pear for a pollinator - space at 10‟.
s. About 12% sugar. Pollinate with Chojuro or Shinseiki (maybe Shinsui). Resistant to black spot and „fairly resistant to other disease‟ - Corvalis repository. Susceptible to bird dam
ijisseiki x Chojuro 1972. National Horticultural Research Station, Japan
ure. Excellent eating quality, not as firm as other Asians. Tree susceptible to black spot disease. Selected in 1956 from a cross between Kikusui x Kimizukawase made in 1947. Re
lis repository. Susceptible to bird damage and to pseudomonas in cold humid springs

sui x Kimizukawase made in 1947. Registered Nashi Norin 4, 1965. Released in 1967 by M. Kajiura, K. Kanato, Y. Machida and I. Kozaki at the Horticultural Research Station, Yata
e Horticultural Research Station, Yatabe, Japan.
Pears are native to temperate Europe and Asia and can grow up to 100‟ tall in the wild. Though hardy enough to grow in New Engl
bearing than apples. Occasionally trees will only produce biennially. Pick fruit when green and ripen it on the shelf. Ed Fackler‟s method is “when fruit
changes, begin to test pressure (with thumb) near the stem. When there is a slight „give‟ pick all the fruit, store at or near 35F for 7+ days. Then remov
them to sit at room temps for 2-4 days which allows them to ripen to peak flavor.” Plant 2-3 different varieties for pollination. As the blossoms are less a
blossoms, plant them closer together to better ensure pollination. Bloom dates for all varieties are similar. Space at 16-25‟ (15-20‟ Fedco). They live
rootstock varieties are slow to begin to fruit, but are long lived and hardier than dwarf pears. St. Lawrence Nursery uses Pyrus communis
Pyrus ussuriensis (for ussuriensis crosses) - both producing a „standard‟ tree. Plant about 20‟ apart. Dwarfs (from Siloam) are grow
12‟. They will bear fruit earlier than standards but are more tender and suitable for planting in zone 5.

Mulch trees heavily in early winter for protection. Prolific flowers and less challenges than apples. They produce an abundance of fruit from mid
tree from our nursery, if planted in good soil and maintained adequately by its new owner (rabbit protection, mulching w/ manure, attention to pests) sho

Most pear varieties need to be cross-pollinated by a different variety in order to produce bountiful crops, although a few are self-fruitful. Generally thoug
different varieties to insure good pollination. Best to choose one from Column A and 1 or 2 from B for best fruit production. Column B selection are extr

Fedco - Scionwood is $3.00 per stick (about 8”) plus shipping. Deadline for scionwood and rootstock for early shipment is Feb.
Fedco - Scionwood is $3.00 per stick (about 8”) plus shipping. Deadline for scionwood and rootstock for early shipment is Feb.

ER - $35, $50, $75 and $99
w in New England, many pear varieties take longer to come into
        kler‟s method is “when fruits exhibit slight color
     35F for 7+ days. Then remove them as needed, allow
     n. As the blossoms are less attractive to bees than apple
       ‟ (15-20‟ Fedco). They live to 200 years. Standard
           communis rootstock for European-type pears and
oam) are grown on Quince A rootstock and may be spaced at

         e of fruit from mid-August til September. STL - „A pear
       ure, attention to pests) should yield its first fruits in 3-5

         -fruitful. Generally though it‟s best to order at least 2
      Column B selection are extremely hardy and excellent

ly shipment is Feb. 29
ly shipment is Feb. 29
   Peach Cultivar         Nursery       Latin         Soils      Heigh Spread Hardi           Fruit             Ripening          Size
                                                                   t          ness                                              Availabl
Champion White      MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                                              dwf/std
                                                                                      white flesh, freestone, sweet, fine flavored, large
Crimson Rocket      MI              Prunus persica                16‟            Z5   med-large, yellow, firm, excellent color
                                                                                                            early-mid August       3-5‟
Curlfree‟           MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                         one of flavors‟, yellow, juicy, firm flesh
                                                                                      freestone, „cocktail peachweek earlier than Red Haven
Early Elberta       MI              Prunus persica               8-10‟           Z5                         July                   dwf
Elberta             MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5   yellow, freestone, large,
                                                                                                            September            dwf/std
Fingerlakes         MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z4                        mid-late Septemberbright
                                                                                      freestone, no bitterness, resists bruising,dwf/stdred skin
Garnet Beauty       FC              Prunus persica                               Z5   med-large, yellow-flesh, semi-clingstone, 3.5-6‟
                                                                                                           summer               w/ excellent flavor
Golden Jubilee      MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                        mid-late August dwf/std
                                                                                      large, yellow freestone, tender, fine grained, juicy
Hale Haven          MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                        early September juicy, very sweet, rich flavor
                                                                                      large, yellow, red cheek, freestone, firm, dwf/std
Harrow Beauty       FC              Prunus persica                               Z5                                                3.5-6‟
                                                                                      brilliant red and yellow, firm, freestone, yellow flesh
Madison             FC              Prunus persica                               Z5                                             3.5-6‟
                                                                                      med-large, bright orange skin and bright red blush, orange-yellow firm fine te
Old Fashioned Rochester
                     MI             Prunus persica                8/15‟
                                                 tolerant of a range             Z5   firm, marbled flesh, freestone             dwf/std
Red Globe           MI              Prunus persica                 8‟            Z5                           freestone, sweet, tender
                                                                                      resistant to bruising, late Aug-early Sept dwfyellow flesh
Red Haven           FC, MI          Prunus persica                               Z5                                            3.5-6‟
                                                                                      med-size, round w/ beautiful red and golden-yellow skin and sweet firm fine-
Reliance            ER, FC, EFN, MI runus persica
                                  P                                                                                            3.5-6‟
                                                                                -32 C med-size w/ greenish yellow skin and bright yellow, juicy freestone flesh, sof
Rich Haven          MI              Prunus persica                15‟            Z5                                               std
                                                                                      nearly round, bright golden, yellow flesh, melting texture, resistant to brownin
                                                                                                           1/2 month before Elberta
Saturn              MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                                              3.5-5‟
                                                                                      flat, donut shape, white, sweet, tender, freestone
                                                                                                           mid-late July
Sun Haven           MI              Prunus persica                8/15‟          Z5                                                dwf/std
                                                                                      rich flavor, bright red, tender flesh, resists browning
                                                                                                             late July-early August
Sweet n‟ Up         MI              Prunus persica                14‟     10‟    Z5   juicy, melting, highly mid-late fir
                                                                                                             colored, August       3-5‟

   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
   $23.95; $20.85
$20.50; $35, $50, $75
   $23.95; $20.85

Delicious white flesh. Old reliable variety - great for home use. Freestone, sweet, fine flavored. Vigorous
Grows in a narrow pillar tree form and can be maintained in a 6‟ spacing. Sweet and tasty eating and cooking peach. Ripens about 2 weeks earlier than Sweet n‟ Up.
Vigorous grower, resistant to leaf curl. Very distinctive flavor. Recommended for cooking, preserving.
Has all the good qualities of its famous parent, ripening one month earlier. Ornamental, with dark green foliage and red-hue blossoms.
Hardy, productive. Best known yellow canning peach. Freestone, large, attractive fruit, good in quality. Ripens in Sept.
Super hardy, drips with peach flavor. Keeps flavor frozen or canned.
Vigorous and productive trees. Ripens 12 days earlier than Red Haven w/ similar hardiness. Good bud hardiness. Sport of Red Haven. Ruthven, Ontario, 1958. A mu
„The best early peach‟. Excellent for canning and home use. Productive, hardy
Productive, hardy. One of the best canning peaches.
Ripens three weeks after Red Haven, about the same time as Madison. Considered to be as hardy as Red Haven and recommended for trial in colder areas. About the
Very good quality. Skin peels easily. Freestone, excellent canner. Very productive tree. Exceptional tolerance to blossom-season frost. Fine for the North, width hardi
Long producing season and gorgeous pink blossoms
Very resistant to bruising.
Probably the best flavored peach offered by Fedco. The world‟s most widely planted freestone peach. Nearly free from fuzz. Medium sized fruits, noted for all-over red
Considered the hardiest peach. Often produces large crops, flavor considered fair. Bears at an early age. Appears to be resistant to peach leaf curl. Developed by Pro
Large, vigorous trees - extremely hardy. Originated at Michigan State University - a cross of Hale Haven, Red Haven and J.H. Hale - combining the better qualities of ea
Fruits are sweeter with less acid than other peaches. Excellent for out of hand eating. Also delicious when canned, dried and used for desserts.
Vigorous, productive. Mich. State U calls it one of the best of thousands of seedlings.
Upright growth as compared to other varieties - ideal for small spaces, still producing heavy crops of high quality fruit. Self-pollinating and freestone
arlier than Sweet n‟ Up.

ven, Ontario, 1958. A mutation (sport) of Red Have discovered by Garnet Bruner in 1951 and introduced seven years later

n colder areas. About the same size as Reliance. tolerant to perennial canker, bacterial spot and brown rot. HW 231 (Cresthaven x Harken) Harrow Station, Ontario Canada, 1983.
for the North, width hardiness similar to Red Haven(Ideal x Red Haven) VA Station, 1963.

uits, noted for all-over red color. Hangs on tree better than other peaches even when fully ripe. Hardy buds, vigorous highly productive disease-resistant spreading trees are tolerant
af curl. Developed by Professor Elwyn Meader of New Hampshire. Open pollinated seedling of Minn PHO 4559 x meredith. NH Ag Exp Station 1964. Very severe cold will damage
g the better qualities of each. Ripens 18 days before Elberta
Harrow Station, Ontario Canada, 1983.

-resistant spreading trees are tolerant to bacterial spot. Considered hardy, but not as hardy as Reliance. (Halehaven x Kalhaven) MI Ag Exp Station, 1940.
n 1964. Very severe cold will damage the fruit buds, but will usually fruit even after -32 C weather. ER planted some in Burlington that were heavily fruiting in their second year.
tation, 1940.
avily fruiting in their second year.
    Pawpaw          Nursery          Latin           Soils       Height Spread Spacin Hard               Fruit         Ripenin    Years     Size
    Cultivar                                                                     g    ines                                g         to    Available
                                                                                        s                                        Fruiting

Michigan Banana OI            Asimina triloba                      20‟              10-15‟
                                             Rich, moist organic, tolerant of sand and clay -30 up to 1lb           October 4 to 8 2-3”, 3-6”
PA Golden       NTG           Asimina triloba                                                                       early September         1‟
Pawpaw          RH, GNN, FC, MI
                              Asimina triloba                     10-30‟                                                                 18-24”
                                             rich well-drained, neutral pH 10-30‟ 10-15‟ Z4/5 large (6”) delicious smooth-skinned yellowish oblong fruit, high in p
                                                                                                                    late fall
Sunflower/Wells MI            Asimina triloba                     15-20‟                    Z4 large                           2-3yr     12-15”

 $4-6 ea
  $4 ea
$24.95 ea

Largest native fruit. Rich, custard-strawberry, banana flavor. Slow growing at first - 1-2‟/year. Pyramidal shape. Inner bark used for fiber cloth. Fruits made into jam, c
Michigan-Indiana sorts. This is an early ripening strain. Comes from the deep, cold valleys above Harrisburg, PA. Ripens whole crop in unusually cool seasons, less th
Fruits high in potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium and more. Leaves turn golden yellow in autumn. Ripens in late fall when fruits begin to feel like a good banana and
Plant multiple varieties for pollination. Sunflower is a reliable and productive variety and Wells is an award winner due to its very large fruit. Trees can begin bearing ea
h. Fruits made into jam, custard, fresh. Similar to banana in nutritional composition - high in food energy with lots of potassium. 20-70x as much iron, ten times as much Ca, 4-20x a
ually cool seasons, less than 2300 growing degree days >50F. Selection started w/ material from PA or the Midwest. PA had the earliest ripe pawpaw, midwest the largest.
 l like a good banana and detach easily from the stem. You can also pick them before they're ready and ripen them in a cool spot. Develops a delicious custardy vanilla flavor - don't
ees can begin bearing earlier in life than the American Pawpaw. Trees have unusual 1.5” dark purple flowers that appear before the foliage. Can be grown in shade or sun though b
ch iron, ten times as much Ca, 4-20x as much Mg as banana, apple or orange. Also, contain acetogenins which have been shown to inhibit mammalian solid tumor cells a billion time
 awpaw, midwest the largest.
 delicious custardy vanilla flavor - don't eat skin or seeds. Rhora‟s offer seedlings of Fairchilds-Zimmerman, Davis and other varieties.
 an be grown in shade or sun though best to grow in full sun in cool regions.
mmalian solid tumor cells a billion times lower than the most common anti-tumor drug. Bark has excellent pesticidal and anti-fungal activity.
      Apricot Cultivar       Nursery        Latin      Height Sprea Hardines             Fruit          Ripening     Years Size Available
                                                                d      s                                               to

Ansu                          OI                        12‟
                                       Prunus armeniaca var Ansu      -30    red                                             12-18”
Briana                        OI       Prunus armeniaca 15‟           -30    lt orange, 1-1.5”                               6-12”, 12-18”
Early Golden - Std            MI       Prunus                        Zone 5 smooth, fuzzless, highly flavored, freestone
Hargrand                      ER       Prunus                                                        late July
Harogem                       FC       Prunus armeniaca               Z4/5                                                   3.5-6‟
                                                                             small-medium bright orange ovate fruit w/ glossy red blush, very firm moderately juic
J.J.                          ER       Prunus                                prolific
Manchurian                    ER, OI                  15-25‟ 15-25‟
                                       Prunus manshurica Ozmun Strain -30    mediocre quality                                6-12”, 2-4‟ (STL)
Moongold - Dw                 MI       Prunus                        Zone 4 soft, golden, medium, orange yellow flesh
                                                                                                     July 10-15
Moorpark - Dw                 MI       Prunus            8‟          Zone 5 full size, golden-yellowmid-summer          2
Moorpark - Std                MI, ER   Prunus                        Zone 5 juicy, sweet, richest flavor, variable uses
                                                                                                     August                  3-4‟
Morden 604                    SL       Prunus                        Zone 3 large, golden yellow, firm, sweet, fine texture
Puget Gold                    FC       Prunus armeniaca 15‟    15‟ warmer Z5 large (1 3/8-2”) roundish-ovate clear yellow red-blushed fruit, dense firm sweet deep
                                                                                                     summer - early September
Scout                         EFN      Prunus                                                         blushed w/ red,
                                                                             about 4cm, bonze goldearly August fair for eating, good for canning and jam
Sungold                       ER       Prunus                                mid-size, orange        August
Sungold - Dw                  MI       Prunus                        Zone 4 med.size, bright clear gold w/ attractive orange blush
                                                                                                     1 week later than Moongold
Super Hardy „S.H.‟ Chinese - Dw
                              MI       Prunus                        Zone 5 melting flesh, yellow to lt orange

$8 ea
$7-9 ea
$35, $50, $75

$7 ea, $35, $50, $75 (STL $6 ea)
($~20 MI) $35, $50, $75
$25 SL


Small tree. Pink flowers - Cultivated in Japan and Korea. Wild in northern China
True to type seed grown. Originates in northern Russia. Fruit light orange with dark orange interior, 1-1.5”, produced in dense clusters on short spurs. Rich taste, a bit
Very ornamental. Mass of white blossoms in spring. Space at 20‟
Fresh eating or processing. From Ontario
Fruits small-medium bright orange ovate fruit w/ glossy red blush, very firm moderately juicy freestone flesh w/ good flavor. Spreading productive tree w/ medium vigor a
ER‟s introduction from Middlesex
One of most widely grown seedling apricots - used as a windbreak tree in South and North Dakota. At least 2 required for pollination. Beautiful early pink flowers, poten
Fruits firm sweet, delicious. Freestone fruits make delicious preserves. Unsurpassed for fresh eating. Free from disease, vigorous. Plant with Sungold for proper pollin
Budded on hardy dwarf rootstock. Plant as close as 8-10‟ apart. Copious blossoms in spring. Self-pollinating - for biggest crops, plant Chinese as a pollinator.
Fresh eating, canning or drying. Freestone. Richest flavor of all apricots. Space 20‟ apart.
Hardy from the Morden Experimental Farm in Manitoba (1950?). Great for canning, fresh eating and other preserves. A 1951 nursery catalog says „it is a new apricot -
Prolific. Moderately vigorous, spreading. Low maintenance. Blossoms are more frost-tolerant than those of many apricots. Disease resistance is above average. Frui
Manchurian apricot seedling. Fruit about 4cm, bonze gold blushed w/ red, fair for eating, good for canning and jam. Cultivar developed at the Morden Experimental Sta
From Minnesota.
Fruit is nearly round w/ tender skin. More upright than Moongold. Must plant w/ Moongold for proper pollination. Flesh is clear orange, tender juicy, mild and sweet. Fr
Fruit full of flavor, fresh, frozen or preserved. Bumper cropper. Self-pollinating, but plant Moorpark as a pollinator for biggest crops.
 usters on short spurs. Rich taste, a bit dryer than most - good for drying. No disease or insect problems. Trees live up to 60 years. Pinkish white flower clusters. -25 hit trees with n

 ading productive tree w/ medium vigor and good disease resistance to brown rot and perennial canker. Somewhat resistant to bacterial spot. HW405 (Rouge du Roussillon x NJA 2

ation. Beautiful early pink flowers, potential for good fruit. Early bloom - thus they may be subject to late spring frosts. Fruit said to be good for fresh eating, preserves and drying. Sp
ous. Plant with Sungold for proper pollination.
 , plant Chinese as a pollinator.

ursery catalog says „it is a new apricot - so new that it has not been named.‟ Well, it was never named.
ease resistance is above average. Fruits large (1 3/8-2”) roundish-ovate clear yellow red-blushed fruit, dense firm sweet deep orange-yellow freestone flesh, good to excellent fresh e
eloped at the Morden Experimental Station, Man, 1937.

orange, tender juicy, mild and sweet. Freestone. Great for eating out of hand or tasty preserves.
hite flower clusters. -25 hit trees with no loss of flower buds

HW405 (Rouge du Roussillon x NJA 2 [Morden 604 Open-pollinated]) Harrow Station, Ontario, 1979.

fresh eating, preserves and drying. Space at 10-15‟. Very adaptable to cold and dry weather. Seedlings mediocre in fruit quality

eestone flesh, good to excellent fresh eating, drying or canning. Originally called Cougar Gold. Chance seedling, possibly of „Perfection‟. Discovered in Anacortes, WA by Jean Cop
overed in Anacortes, WA by Jean Copeland. U of WA intro 1987.
 Nectarine    Nursery   Latin    Height Hardi                 Fruit                  Ripening Size Available            Cost
  Cultivar                                ness
Mericrest    MI                                                                                   3-5‟
                                                                                    mid-late August dwf, 4-5‟
                                8-10‟, 15‟ Z5 yellow flesh, bright red smooth skin, freestone, excellent qualitystd$22.35, $19.95
Nectacrest   MI                   8-10‟ -10-15 sweet like nectar, pure white flesh, early September 3-5‟
                                                                                    melting texture, med-large         $22.35

Said to be the hardiest nectarine. Self-pollinating. Available in standard and dwarf forms. Introduced by Prof. E.M. Meader of the NH Experimental Station. Cross of N
Dwarf only. Vigorous tree. Developed at the NJ Exp Station. Space at 10‟
ental Station. Cross of Nectacrest and Merideth.
Peaches bear young and tend to produce large crops in northern New England. Trees may be so heavily that they break branches
unsupported. Usually unaffected by pests or diseases in northern areas. Trees may die unexpectedly at any age. Reliance is
cultivar. Self fruitful - do not need a pollinator. Peaches should be located in an particularly warm microclimate. Plant at 15

     Delicate purple blooms in spring and drooping leaves make it strikingly ornamental. Fruits produced in clusters. Pawpaws ar
     small gray pear trees with giant leaves that try to run out a whole stand from one individual. Naturally, these stands prosp
   small gray pear trees with giant leaves that try to run out a whole stand from one individual. Naturally, these stands prosp
   Trees are insect and disease resistant. Zones 5-9, well drained soil. Protect from grass competition and strong winds in the f
   growing under generous mulching with wood chips, grass clippings, newspapers, spoiled apples, most any organic mulch which ac
   transplant because of its taproot. Pollinated by carrion flies and beetles. Fruits best ripen on the tree or in leaves on th
   and still ripen. Ripens in late fall when fruits begin to feel like a good banana and detach easily from the stem. You can
   cool spot. Develops a delicious custardy vanilla flavor - don't eat skin or seeds. Prefers light shade and rich well-drained soil with neutral
   Pest and disease free. NTG no longer sends trees with tree shelters, rather with white plastic kitchen bags because they ove
   they need shade from 10-2 during the first growing season, provide by the white bag stapled on the stakes. Leaves and twigs hav
   Transplant secrets - use 30% teralite and a mycorrhizal inoculant mixed with soil in the hole. Keep trees watered and mulched.

   (GNN prices 1-2’ $21, 2-3’ $26. Lots of 10 - 1-2’ $180, 2-3’ $220) Native to PA and GA, west to NE

   MI - $13.45 ea, $12.85/2+

Native to central Asia, apricots have been cultivated there for about 4000 years. They are only marginally adaptable to nort
planted with norther exposures to delay blooming. Apricots should be planted in a protected location. Large crops are possi
 they break branches if unthinned or
age. Reliance is considered the hardiest peach
e. Plant at 15-20‟ spacings

clusters. Pawpaws are like sumac (similar size and wood) but look like
hese stands prosper near water with major roots just under leaf mold.
hese stands prosper near water with major roots just under leaf mold.
d strong winds in the first two years. Start trees by acidifying soil, and
any organic mulch which acidifies soil and keeps it moist. Difficult to
 in leaves on the ground. Ripening fruit will tolerate frost and freezing
  stem. You can also pick them before they're ready and ripen them in a
           drained soil with neutral pH. Keep young plants well weeded.
ags because they overheat in the shelters (if not removed at 80F) and
 es. Leaves and twigs have anti-oxidant and insecticidal properties.
s watered and mulched.

adaptable to northern New England. Because early blossoms are sensitive to cold spring weather, they are often
 e crops are possible, but uncommon. Plant 2-3 for pollination and space at 15-20‟.
      Cultivar           Nursery             Latin        Pollen        Soils          Height    Sprea Hard                  Fruit
                                                          Group                                    d   ines
Alderman              ER, STL                               A    well drained           12-15‟          -50   red, juicy, great flavor, golden sweet flesh
American              ER, FL, OI, FC   Prunus americana                                 15-20‟          -40   yellow, red, small, abundant
Beach Plum            OI, MI           Prunus maritima                                    6‟
                                                                  Sandy, slightly acid, poor            -35   Sweet, yellow and blue
Big Blue              MI               Prunus americana                                                 Z5    large, sweet, juicy, freestone
Blue River            FC               Prunus domestica                                                 Z3    large, roundish, oval, dark blue, very good fresh eating
Compass               STL              Prunus besseyi                                    6-8‟                 sweet, juicy yellow flesh, sour skin, yellow, red
Damson                SL                                     B                            16‟     16‟   Z4-5 small, greenish blue, round w/ yellow flesh, great for jams
Deep Purple           STL              Prunus besseyi                                    6-8‟ prostrate       >1”, meaty w/ small pit, deep purple skin and flesh, swee
Delton‟s American     FC               Prunus americana                                15-20‟            Z3
Dunbars Plum          OI               Prunus x dunbari                                    6‟      6‟    -30 Bright red, ~1”
Ewing Blue            STL              Prunus domestica spp. B                         12-15‟            -50 prune-type, large, deep blue
Fellemberg            MI               Prunus                                                            Z5 large, oval, purple, yellow flesh, firm, sweet, fine grained,
Golden Gage           STL              Prunus domestica spp. B                         12-15‟            -50 yellow flesh
Golden Transparent Gage                Prunus domestica                                                  Z3 small-med, oval shaped yellow fruit, sweet and easy to ea
Gracious              FC               Prunus salicina x P.a.                                           Z3-4 oval to roundish yellow orange, coral-red mottling, yellow-
Green Gage            STL, MI          Prunus domestica spp. B                         12-15‟          -50/Z5 green, grape sized, very juicy, sugar sweet yellow flesh, l
Hildreth              ER, STL                                B                         12-15‟            -50 small, purple fruit, excellent quality
Kaga                  FC               P.a. seedling x P. simonii                         10‟            Z3 small, 1” purple-black fruit, good out of hand when dead r
Kahinta               FC               P. sal. Apple x P. a.                            small           z3/4 large 1.5”, roundish, slightly pointed, tart, brilliant, red-pur
LaCrescent            ER, STL, FC      Prunus americana x Prunus salicina
                                                             A                         12-15‟          -40-50 yellow skin, freestone, small, sweet, melting, aromatic, go
Manchurian            STL              Prunus salicina mandschurica                    12-15‟           very juicy, sweet, red-yellow skin, yellow flesh
Mt. Royal             STL, SL          Prunus domestica spp. B                         12-15‟     16‟ -50/Z4 med. size, blue, prune type, firm, sweet, yellow, green fle
Nana Beach Plum       OI               Prunus maritima Nana                           5‟ or less              ?, showy blossoms
Native American       STL              Prunus americana                        tall shrub/small tree          red-yellow, sweet, delightful eaten fresh
Northern Blue         STL, ER                                B                         12-15‟            -50 blue skinned, tasty
Opal                  ER                                                                                 -50 red w/yellow flesh
Pembina               ER                                                                                      red freestone, excellent fresh
Percy‟s               STL                                    A
                                       Prunus americana x Prunus salicina              12-15‟                 1.5”, yellow, sweet, juicy, delicious
Pipestone             STL              Prunus salicina       A                         12-15‟            -50 large, deep red tough skin
Ptitsin #9            STL                                    A
                                       Prunus salicina x Prunus triflorakoreana        12-15‟            -50 1”, green-yellow, firm, meaty, freestone
Purple Heart          FC               Prunus                                                           Z4-6 med-size, red-purple skin and flesh, delicate but full swee
Red Diamond           ER                                                                                      red/purple
Santa Rosa            MI               Prunus                J                            15‟            Z5 large, very juicy, dark reddish purple, melting flesh, fine te
Sapalta               STL, ER          Prunus besseyi                                    6-8‟                 juicy sweet flesh, dark purple inside and out, sour skin, ne
Shiro                 MI               Prunus                J                           8/15‟           Z5 gold
South Dakota          FC. EFN          Prunus salicina x P.a.                                           Z3/2 small (1/4") w/ small pit, yellow skin, meaty, juicy, sweet -
Spring Satin Plumcot   MI                                                          10‟              Z5 large, reddish black skin, golden flesh, firm, very sweet
Stanley                SL, FC, MI                            B
                                      Prunus domestica Agen x P.d. Grand Duke      16‟      16‟     Z5 med-large, oval egg shaped, dark-blue/purple, very meat
Superior               STL, ER, FC, MIP. sal. Burbank x KagaA/J                   12-15‟           Z3/4 large, dark red w/ yellow flesh, sweet, juicy, clingstone, su
Todd                   ER                                                                                blue-purple prune type
Toka                   STL, FC, ER, EFN
                                      Prunus simoni          A                    12-15‟          -50/Z3 med-large (1.5"), apricot-colored skin, 'candy plum', swee
Underwood              STL, ER, FC    Prunus americana A                          12-15‟            -50 large (2"), red, golden yellow flesh, firm, very juicy, sweet
Ussuri                 OI             Prunus salicina var mandshurica               12‟     12‟     -30
Vermont Plum           STL, ER                               A                    12-15‟            -50 large, yellow, sweet, bears heavily
Waneta                 STL, ER, FC    P. sal. Apple x P. a. Terry
                                                             A                    12-15‟            -50 large, (1.5-2") purple-red, mango-like flavor, sweet tende
Yellow Egg             MI             Prunus                                       8/15‟            Z5 yellow, extremely sweet, juicy, freestone, firm

               Hybrid plums are extremely hardy crosses between various Asian plums and American species for hardiness. While grafted plums
               they are susceptible to late Spring frosts. Plum pollination has been glossed over or avoided in the vast majority of catalo
               Chipman, editor of the Prairie Gardener for many years and who wrote about plum pollination in 1934. He summarized a study done by P
               Minnesota by saying „ very few hybrid plums would accept pollen freely from other hybrids, but they all accept pollen from na
               trials, that simply planting native plum pollinators amongst hybrids make it possible to produce large regular crops with lit
               recommended as the best pollinators along with Prunus americana or P. nigra. Plant 2-6 different varieties for pollination (except for Mt. Ro
               fertile). (Americans with Americans(A), Europeans with Europeans(B) for cross pollination). Additionally, native American o
               pollinate members of the A group. Try planting a grove of them 5-10‟ apart (no more than 10-15‟ apart) and let them grow in a c
               drainage (high spots where cold air flows away from the tree). Attractive small trees, they require little pruning. St. Law
               $35, $50, $75, $99, $125)

               European plums (P. domestica) are delicious fresh but are grown commercially for prunes. A true prune is a plum that can be
               produce smaller fruit and are generally not as hardy as the hybrid plums - they can handle heavier soils and are less prone to b
               black knot, which looks like black chewing gum and appears on branches - though not fatal, it must be kept in check by removing
               upright and are usually trained to a central leader. Though they are self-pollinating, planting 2 different varieties will impr

               Plums are susceptible to the plum curculio. Not susceptible to black knot.

               In good soil with proper care (rabbit protection, mulching, attention to pest problems) plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years.
                 Ripening          Years to Size Available              Cost
               late August       as little as 1       3-5‟        $18, (ER-below)
               late August                           3.5-6‟     (ER-below) $20.50
               September            2 or so 3-6”, 8-16”, 3-5‟ $4-$14; $10.85
               mid-September early age                dwf              $23.95
 val, dark blue, very good fresh eating              3.5-6‟            $20.50
               late August           3-5              2-4‟             $18 ea
               early September                    2 yr 5/16+           $25ea
               mid-August            3-5              3-5‟             $18 ea
                                                     3.5-6‟            $20.50
                                               3-6”, 8-16”, 3-5‟     $4-$16 ea
               early September 3 - 5                  3-5‟             $18 ea
e, yellow flesh, firm, sweet, fine grained, tender wf/std          $23.95/$20.95
               early September 3 - 5                  3-5‟             $18 ea
               late summer                           3.5-6‟            $20.50
               late summer                           3.5-6‟            $20.50
               mid-September         3-5              3-5‟             $18 ea
               early September 3 - 5                  3-5‟       $18 ea(ER-below)
               mid-late summer                       3.5-6‟            $20.50
               mid-late summer                       3.5-6‟            $20.50
               late August        young, 3-5 3-5‟, 3.5-6‟ ea(ER-below) $20.50
               late July - early October              3-5‟             $18 ea
               late August - early September 3-5‟, 2yr $18 ea, $25 ea (SL)

              late August - September  3-5‟, 2-4‟ (STL)$18 ea, $7ea (STL)
              early September 3 - 5           3-5‟           $18 ea
              August                                       (ER-below)
              August                                       (ER-below)
              late August        3-5          3-5‟           $18 ea
              late August        3-5          3-5‟           $18 ea
              mid-August         3-5          3-5‟           $18 ea
              late summer                    3.5-6‟          $20.50
              mid-late August              dwf/std        $23.95/$20.95
              mid-late August 3 - 5           3-5‟      $18 ea(ER-below)
              mid-August                   dwf/std        $23.95/$20.95
              late summer - m Aug in S WI 3.5-6‟             $20.50
            mid-June                          3-4‟            $23.65
            early September            2 yr 5/16+, 3.5-6' $25ea, $20.50
            late August-early Sept 3-5 3-5‟, 3.5-6' ea(ER-below), $20.50
                            young,                  $18
            late August-early September 3-5‟, 3.5-6' ea(ER-below), $20.50
                               3-5                  $18
            mid-August         3-5        3-5‟, 3.5-6'    $18 ea, $20.50
                               6-12”, 12-18”, 18-24”, 3-6”, 2-3‟
                                3                            $3-$12 ea
            late August-mid-September         3-5‟      $18 ea(ER-below)
            midsummer          3-5        3-5‟, 3.5-6' ea(ER-below), $20.50
            mid-September                   dwf/std       $23.95/$20.95

ardiness. While grafted plums are very hardy, they blossom early -> thus
ast majority of catalogs and fruit-growing literature. Except for George F.
  He summarized a study done by Prof. W.H. Alderman at the Universi
ll accept pollen from native plums.‟ Fedco, has found through their own
egular crops with little effort. Toka, South Dakota and Kaga are
 ies for pollination (except for Mt. Royal and Northern Blue which are self
ally, native American or Manchurian seedling plum or cherry plum will
rt) and let them grow in a close group. Place them in an area with good air
e pruning. St. Lawrence uses Prunus americana as a rootstock.(ER prices

une is a plum that can be dried without the pit fermenting. European plums
ils and are less prone to brown rot. They are prone to the fungal disease
e kept in check by removing and destroying infected branches. Trees grow
nt varieties will improve pollination.

ear fruit in 3-5 years.

Very good eating. Vigorous and precocious bearing. Sometimes fruits just one year after planting. Flowers white, large and profuse. Bred in Minnesota for cold climate
Wild, profuse flowers and fruits. Seedling variability. Grows in thickets and produces decent red, yellow and orange 1" fruit - suitable for fresh eating, canning and freez
Flourishes in the poorest soils. Tolerates long droughts, cold and most diseases. Native to sandy areas on the eastern seaboard. Fruit makes a great jam - a great orn
Largest good plum at Millers. Great preserves, good freezer and canner or fresh eating. Heavy bearer at young age.
Very hardy heirloom European plum. Practically all European domestica-type plums offered in US catalogs are unsuited to northern growers. Shows great promise for
Cherry-plum. These resulted from crosses in the early 1900s between Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry) and various plums. Breeders wanted a hardy fruit for Great Plain
(Shropshire) Grown on Myrobalan rootstock. Extremely old English cultivar, noted for „exquisitely flavored‟ jams, jellies and other preserves. Very upright in growth and
Cherry-plum. Prostrate growing habit, but may be trained upright for a more tree-like shape. These resulted from crosses in the early 1900s between Prunus besseyi (
Recommended pollinator for hybrid plums. These are grafted from selections of thicket plums in Dexter, ME. Plant one for every 3-4 hybrid plum trees, within 10‟ of ea
Similar to beach plum, larger fruit. First recorded in 1900. Fruit recommended for jams
Vigorous grower. Excellent for canning and fresh eating. Introduced by St. Lawrence Nurseries.
Very productive, spreading, hardy. Delicious prune for eating out of hand, canning and preserves. Freestone. Self-fertile
Identical to Green Gage, except with yellow flesh. European origin.
Fruit quality is quite good and trees are very hardy. Apparently disease resistant. Highly recommended for northern growers. Seedling or sport of Green Gage, one of
Fruits oval to roundish yellow orange, coral-red mottling, yellow-orange firm juicy sweet flesh, freestone, excellent fresh-eating. Upright spreading tree. Rare. Mandan
Green, grape sized, very juicy, sugar sweet yellow flesh. European origin
Notable annual and prolific bearer. Excellent quality fruit. Developed by Dr. Hildreth at Cheyanne, WY Exp. Station in the early 1900s. Imperial Gage x Unknown
An excellent pollinator for other hybrid plums. Dense, naturally dwarf tree. „Kaga‟ Sioux for „pitch a tent‟. NE Hansen introduction. SD Stn, 1909.
Medium sized spreading tree. Bears very reliably. Fruits large 1.5”, roundish, slightly pointed, tart, brilliant, red-purple skin, tart flavorful flesh, easy to peel, clingstone, v
Upright spreading vigorous tree. Excellent flavor. Tender skin. Fruit is small, yellow-fleshed, sweet, melting and very aromatic. Does not keep long. Tree extremely vi
Very hardy and vigorous. Heavy fruiting even in the coldest locations. Eat fresh (sweetest right after they‟ve fallen) or in jam or plum sauce. Ripening varies with the se
Freestone. Self-fertile. Hardiest of European plums. Good for fresh eating with firm sweet yellow-green flesh - also makes preserves similar to Damson. Naturally sem
Dwarf strain of beach plum, developed by selecting 5 natural dwarf plants from >4000 seedlings that fruited from seed. Slower growing and compact - doesn‟t lean over
Extremely hardy and precocious producers. Pulp is universally sweet - skin tends to be tart. Tall shrub/small tree. Space up to 5‟ to create a plum patch. Will cross po
Developed by Gene Howard at the USDA Station in Cheyenne, WY. Best of 6000 seedlings. Tree is precocious, self-fertile and a natural semi-dwarf. Mt. Royal open p
From Sweden. Productive. Excellent for fresh eating. Oulling x Early Favorite Swedish introduction 1948.

Vigorous and productive. Found growing in Canada.
Excellent quality fruit for home and commercial use. Vigorous. Skin peels easily. Burbank x (Prunus salicina x Wolf) U of MN 1942
Excellent for eating or preserves. Tree bushy, productive, extremely hardy. Originating in Manchuria, introduced by the Morden, Manitoba Research Station.
Disease resistant. From Minnesota
Trees large, rapid growing, early bearing. Needs another Japanese plum for pollination.
Cherry-plum. Small tree. These resulted from crosses in the early 1900s between Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry) and various plums. Breeders wanted a hardy fruit fo
Very early. Tree is low growing, hardy, prolific. Excellent for cooking, canning and desert uses. Needs another Japanese plum for pollination
Because of its long flowering period and American parentage, it is a good pollinator for hybrid plums. Blooms remain late into the season. Vigorous tree, very productiv
            Beautiful blossoms in spring. Combines plums spritely flavor w/ apricots sweetness. Productive, vigorous tree. Japanese plum needed for pollination. Space at 10'
            Reliable bearer. Fast grower, adaptable medium-to-large funnel-shaped tree produces healthy vigorous annual crops. Spreading, productive tree that bears young. Ita
            Prolific bearer, beginning at a young age - often sets fruit in the nursery row. Will pollinate other Japanese plums. Flesh firm and yellow, high dessert quality. Heavy blo
            Good for drying
            Chinese apricot plum. Self-pollinating and also pollinates other varieties. It will generally bear more fruit if there is another plum nearby. Extremely vigorous tree, bloom
            Vigorous large spreading tree blooms early. Fruit holds well in cold storage. Annual, reliable bearer. Long picking season. Very productive. Pit is long and small. MN
            Very hardy yellow fruited form of the Japanese plum. One of the easiest species plums to fruit. Very sweet fruit used for puddings, cakes, sauces and fruit leather. Ste
            Unknown origin. Introduced by Herb Todd. Large yellow-skinned with sweet yellow flesh
            Large European plum with yellow skin and flesh. One of the sweetest juiciest plums of all. Self-fertile. Selected for outstanding quality, freestone, firm when ripe.

          > thus
pt for George F.
t the University of
ough their own

e which are self-
erry plum will
area with good air
stock.(ER prices

. European plums
e fungal disease
nches. Trees grow
Minnesota for cold climates. Burbank x Older U of MN 1985
eating, canning and freezing. Spectacular white bloom in spring, red fall color. Plant singly or at 2-3' spacing, allowing the branches to intertwine for maximum pollination. Possibly t
s a great jam - a great ornamental - showy flowers. Selected from individuals with sweet yellow and larger blue fruit. Produces quicker than species w/ better quality. Recommended

Shows great promise for growers in colder districts. Unknown parentage. Likely originated in the area just north of Fort Kent, then migrated down in the US. Probably from near Rie
hardy fruit for Great Plains winters. Small trees, hardier and more resistant to drought and late spring frosts. Fruits not as good as a true plum. 10-15 year life span. Cross-pollinati
ery upright in growth and benefits from branch spreading in youth. Somewhat self fruitful but more productive with a pollinator. Zone 5 or protected microclimates in 4
etween Prunus besseyi (Sand Cherry) and various plums. Breeders wanted a hardy fruit for Great Plains winters. Small trees, hardier and more resistant to drought and late spring
um trees, within 10‟ of each. Extremely hardy.

rt of Green Gage, one of the oldest and most famous plums, dating back to 17th century France. Aka Golden Gage
ing tree. Rare. Mandan 41-15 [open pollinated seedling of Emerald (P. salicina Burbank x P.a. Brittlewood) probably x Red Wing (P. sal. Burbank x P.a. mollis Wolf)] Northern Gr

al Gage x Unknown

easy to peel, clingstone, very good for fresh eating or canning. Kahinta is the Sioux word for „sweep‟. Rare. Luther Burbank‟s P. sal Apple x P.a. Terry. SD, 1912. Introduced by th
p long. Tree extremely vigorous and productive. Aka Golden la Crescent or Golden Minnesota. (Shiro x P.a. Howard Yellow) Prunus americana x Prunus salicina U of MN 1919
  ipening varies with the seedling. (late July to early October) Needs to be pollinated by another Manchurian plum, a Native American seedling plum, a cherry plum or one of the group
 o Damson. Naturally semi-dwarf and sets its branches naturally horizontal - very little training necessary. From the Montreal area of unknown origin.
 mpact - doesn‟t lean over with age. Occasionally columnar. Showy blossoms
plum patch. Will cross pollinate with a cherry plum, with any of the A group of grafted plums, with Manchurian seedling plums or other Native American seedling plums.
 i-dwarf. Mt. Royal open pollinated

search Station.

rs wanted a hardy fruit for Great Plains winters. Small trees, hardier and more resistant to drought and late spring frosts. Fruits not as good as a true plum. 10-15 year life span. Cr

orous tree, very productive. Vigorous tree. Unknown parentage, probably P.a. or P.sal. x P.a. NE Hansen developed it sometime before 1907 and one of his students took it to the b
llination. Space at 10'
ree that bears young. Italian type prune. Most popular European prune plum in America with the possible exception of 'Italian'. Excellent for cooking, eating, canning and drying. Fr
dessert quality. Heavy bloom, disease resistant. Precocious production, vigorous tree. Clingstone w/ slight acidity near the skin. Introduced in 1933. MN 194. [P. sal. Burbank x Ka

mely vigorous tree, blooms heavily every year. Diligent pruning may be required to keep it from becoming a bit of a monster. Usually bears fruit as a young tree. Excellent pollinator
it is long and small. MN 91 (Shiro x Prunus americana Wyant). U of MN 1921
ces and fruit leather. Stewed and canned in eastern Asia. Fruit almost perfectly round about 1.5" dia. Resistant to black knot.

one, firm when ripe.
ne for maximum pollination. Possibly the best pollinator for hybrid plums. Plant one for every 3-4 plum trees within 10' of each. Extremely hardy. Can be „pernicious‟ once establishe
ecies w/ better quality. Recommended for breeding trials or for a better seedling strain for fruit production. Edible fresh

 wn in the US. Probably from near Rieviere Bleue, Quebec.
 . 10-15 year life span. Cross-pollination is necessary. Space them 4-8‟ apart. Good for jams and sauces.
ected microclimates in 4
ore resistant to drought and late spring frosts. Fruits not as good as a true plum. 10-15 year life span. Cross-pollination is necessary. Space them 4-8‟ apart

rbank x P.a. mollis Wolf)] Northern Great Plains Field Station, Mandan, ND 1957.

 .a. Terry. SD, 1912. Introduced by the great plant breeder NE Hansen using the same parentage as the Waneta
na x Prunus salicina U of MN 1919
 lum, a cherry plum or one of the group A grafted plums.

merican seedling plums.

 a true plum. 10-15 year life span. Cross-pollination is necessary. Space them 4-8‟ apart.

 and one of his students took it to the breeding program in MN where it was later introduced. U MN/SD Ag. Exp Sta 1949.
ooking, eating, canning and drying. Freestone. Somewhat self fruitful but will benefit from a pollinator. From Geneva New York, 1926 - a cross of Agen x Grand Duke
 1933. MN 194. [P. sal. Burbank x Kaga (P.a. x P. sim)] U MN 1933.

it as a young tree. Excellent pollinator for other hybrid plums. Blue bloom. Flesh green yellow and firm with a sweet perfumed flavor. Introduced by NE Hansen, SD Exp Stn 1911.
y. Can be „pernicious‟ once established.

hem 4-8‟ apart
s of Agen x Grand Duke

ed by NE Hansen, SD Exp Stn 1911. Native plum x Prunus simoni S. Dakota Exp. Sta. 1911
    Cherry       Nursery        Latin        Height     Spread Hard                    Fruit                 Ripening       Size       Cost
   Cultivars                                                   ines                                                       Available
Bali              ER        Prunus                                        large, delicious, plentiful                                        $35-99
Bing              MI        Prunus                                 Z5     huge, beautiful, very dark red to mid-July
                                                                                                                 black             3-5‟      $21.95
Black Tartarian MI          Prunus                                 Z5     vary in color, extra fancy             mid-June - later 3-5‟       $21.95
BlackGold         MI        Prunus                                 Z4     dark red, med-large                                      3-5‟      $21.95
CompacStella      MI        Prunus             8-10‟        6‟     Z5     med-large, dark red, firm, excellent flavor and texture  3-4‟
                                                                                                                 mid-June - early-July       $26.55
Dwarf North Star MI         Prunus              6-8‟               Z4                                                              2-4‟       $22.35
                                                                          large to very large, clear bright red, w/ tender skin and rich full flavor
                                                                                                                 mid-late July
Emperor Francis MI          Prunus                                 Z5     sweet, dark rich color                                   3-5‟      $21.95
Evans             EFN       Prunus           semi-dwarf            -50    delicious, great for pies              very early
Galaxy Pie        FC        Prunus cerasus                         Z4     red, sharp, tingling                   late summer      3.5-6‟     $20.50
Garfield Plantation
                  FC        Prunus cerasus                         Z3                                                             3.5-6‟     $20.50
Kristin           MI        Prunus                                 Z4                                                              3-5‟
                                                                          large, ~1”, firm,meaty, juicy, glossy, dark-black, purplish black
                                                                                                                 mid-July                    $21.95
Lapins            MI        Prunus             8-10‟        6‟     Z5     rich flavor, quality fruit, split resistant              3-4‟      $25.95
Mesabi            ER        Prunus                                        sour-sweet
Meteor            SL, FC, ERPrunus cerasus     10-16‟    compact   Z3/4                                                           3.5-6‟
                                                                                                                 summer, mid-July $20.50, clear juice,
                                                                          bright, scarlet-red, roundish-oval, clear bright yellow flesh and$25 ea - SL mildly acid
Montmorency       FC, ER, MIPrunus cerasus possibly large           Z3    firm flesh, bright red                 summer           3.5-6‟     $20.50
Napoleon          MI        Prunus                                  Z5    firm, juicy, very sweet, fine flavor, golden w/ bright 3-5‟ cheek
                                                                                                                                   red       $21.95
Northstar         SL, FC, ERPrunus cerasus     9-10‟               Z3/4   red, great flavor, Morello type, can be eaten fresh3.5-6‟ ripe, large, roundish, heart-shaped, sm
                                                                                                                 mid-July          when$20.50, $25 ea - SL
Schmidt‟s Bigarreau
                  MI        Prunus                                  Z5                                                             3-5‟
                                                                          extra large, deep, rich mahogany color, dark, fine grained, tender
                                                                                                                 July                        $21.95
Star Stella       MI        Prunus                                  Z5    very large, deep color, firm, juicy                      3-5‟      $21.95
Stella            FC        Prunus avium       25-30‟               Z4                                                            3.5-6‟
                                                                          large, heart shaped black skinned, juicy medium firm black flesh
                                                                                                                 mid-summer                  $20.50
White Gold        MI        Prunus                                  Z4                                            crack resistant 3-5‟
                                                                          large, red blush over yellow skin,mid-season                       $21.95
Wild Yellow Sweet I         Prunus avium flava 60-70‟               Z4    sweet yellow                                          3-6”, 6-12” $6-8 ea
Windsor           MI        Prunus                                  Z5    dark, large, juicy, firm, great for canning and fresh 3-5‟
                                                                                                                 mid-July          eating $21.95

Vigorous grower. Large fruit. Excellent frozen (sans pits) From Alberta
crop ripens all at once. Plant with Windsor for best pollination.
Beautiful and ornamental in spring - famous for blossoms. Exceptionally heavy bearer - clusters up to 2+ lbs per branch.
Self-pollinating, vigorous, productive. Late-blooming. Good for eating and market sales, good crack resistance. Medium firm dark purple, sweet flesh. Fruit matures m
Self-pollinating. Hardy to -20 (zone 5). Dwarfing variety. Space at 10‟
Cross between a very hardy Siberian cherry and the English Morello. Self fruitful. Space at 10‟
Superior variety to many older white oxhearts. Resembles Napoleon in size and color but fruit has darker, richer color and is more firm and meaty. Outstanding flavor.
Most productive sour cherry in the world - out-yielding all commercial varieties in the US and Europe by a factor of 2 to 5. Though it has survived to 50 below, needs to h
Montmorency type. Recent introduction. Red fruit and clear juice. Similar to Montmorency but easier to manage with a naturally spurry stocky open growth habit. Bear
Hardy, disease resistant, productive and extremely long lived. Heritage pie cherry grown for generations on an Aroostook County farm. Innumerable young trees have
Truly winter-hardy, black sweet cherry. Tested for 12 years in Norway, Montana and the NY Exp. Station in Geneva.
A true dwarf tree, hardy to -20. Variety originated from the Stella cherry, called „the most important advance with sweet cherries.‟ Named for its developer Dr. K.O. Lapi
From Minnesota
Very good eating right off the tree. Excellent for pies, canning and freezing. Easy to pit. Excellent dried. Fedco‟s most consistent producer. Very susceptible to brown
The most famous of all pie cherries. Makes a clear light pink juice. Vigorous productive medium sized upright-spreading tree tolerates a variety of soils. Can grow larg
Bears heavily. Excellent canning variety. Vigorous, well shaped tree. Recommended for commercial and home planting. White Oxheart type.
Tart natural dwarf cherry. Very productive and winter hardy. Resistant to brown rot and cracking but may not be long-lived in many locations. Morello type cherry can b
Vigorous, very productive. Fruit grows in clusters.
Bears younger than other sweet cherries. Self-pollinating
The first hardy good quality self fertile sweet cherry. Fruit buds are relatively tender. Upright spreading vigorous productive tree. Self- pollinating. 2C-27-19 (Lambert x
Self-pollinating, an excellent pollinator for Emperor Francis. Very productive, when mature, trees can yield over 200lbs. Excellent for fresh market sales. Late blooming
Seedling selection of the common sweet cherry. Yellow color is said to inhibit bird consumption. Wood is brownish red and makes beautiful bowls. Dense flowering an
Good pollinator. Rapid and upright grower. One of the best for canning and eating out of hand.
weet flesh. Fruit matures mid-season and at maturity can yield 200 lbs per tree. Developed at Cornell U.

meaty. Outstanding flavor. Ripens a few days to a week earlier than Napoleon.
ived to 50 below, needs to harden off properly for that degree of hardiness. Fruit buds extremely hardy to -43. Vigorous on own roots, does extremely well in average soil and better
ky open growth habit. Bears heavy consistent crops.
 merable young trees have suckered up for 100‟+ around the original specimen. Unknown origin. Garfield Plantation, ME.

 its developer Dr. K.O. Lapin. Space at 10‟

   Very susceptible to brown rot in some locations. Ripens after Northstar; mid-July in central METart cherry. Natural dwarf habit. Very hardy. Considered superior to Montmorency.
 iety of soils. Can grow large, but usually doesn‟t in our climate. Appears resistant to brown rot. Parent of the fine variety Meteor. Fine fruit. 600 year old variety from France. Seed

 . Morello type cherry can be eaten fresh when ripe. Large roundish heart-shaped fruit with a small stone. Dark glistening mahogany-red skin. Dark red meaty tender juicy flesh has

ating. 2C-27-19 (Lambert x John Innes Sdlg. 2420) Canadian Dept of Ag. Research Stn, Summerland, BC 1968.
market sales. Late blooming. A Cornell U selection.
 bowls. Dense flowering and fruiting is common. Will tolerate light shade and competition. Long lived.
tremely well in average soil and better than most in heavy soil - extremely well in light soil also. Doing fine in southern and northern WI and Edmonton, CA. Extremely early to bear a

Considered superior to Montmorency. MN 66 (Montmorency x Vladimir) U MN 1952.
00 year old variety from France. Seedling of Cerise Hative or Cerise Commune. Montmorency Valley, France, before 1600. Introduced to the US about 1830

 Dark red meaty tender juicy flesh has pleasantly acid flavor. Small tree from Minnesota 1952 - cross of English Morello x Serbian Pie Cherry MN 58. U MN 1950.
monton, CA. Extremely early to bear and to bear heavily.

US about 1830

MN 58. U MN 1950.
    Bush Cherry       Nurser         Latin            Soils     Heigh Hardi                  Fruit                  Ripening        Years to
      Cultivars          y                                         t    ness                                                         Fruiting
Carmine Jewel         STL    Prunus cerasus x Prunus fruiticosa 6-8‟
                                                   Clay/alkaline          2                                                             3
                                                                               4g, larger than nickel, small, round, hard pit, 5/1 flesh to pit ratio
                                                                                                                    early, mid-July-mid-August
Crimson Passion       STL    Prunus cerasus x Prunus fruiticosa 4-5‟
                                                   Clay/alkaline          2                                          fresh, larger
                                                                               large, near quarter size, excellentlate August pits 3
Dwarf Ground Cherry   STL    Prunus fruticosa                    3-5‟          small, dark red, tart                midsummer
Hansen‟s              MI     Prunus                              4-5‟    Z3    large, can be eaten fresh                                1
Joel Bush Cherry                                   well-drained, 4‟x4‟
                      STL, FCPrunus japonica x Prunus jacquemontii
                                                                 fertile Z3    similar to Montmorency cherries, August-September jams
                                                                                                                    excellent for pies and     1-2‟, 18-24” (FC)
Joy Bush Cherry       STL    Prunus japonica x Prunus jacquemontii 4‟    -30   firm, tart, prolific                 August
Korean Bush           OI     Prunus japonica                             -30   tart!                                mid-August
Nanking Cherry        STL, FCPrunus tomentosa                6-10‟
                                                   well-drained x same   -30   sour, very tasty, tart scarlet 1/2” for pies and jams           1-3‟, 12-18” (FC)
White Nanking         OI     Prunus tomentosa alba               6-12‟ -35     1/2” sweet, white
Size Available       Cost

       6-12”         $15 ea
       6-12”         $15 ea
        1-2‟          $6 ea
      1-1.5‟          $8.95
1-2‟, 18-24”$12 ea ($50/5); $20 (FC)
        2-4‟     $12 ea ($50/5)
   6-12”...3-4‟    $7-$16 ea
1-3‟, 12-18” (FC) ea; $9.25 FC
        2-4‟         $18 ea

Self-fertile. Well adapted to prairies. Well suited to high density plantings. Up to 20lbs per bush. Train as a shrub. Fruit increases in sugar content if left on the busy, re
Self-fertile. Well adapted to prairies. Well suited to high density plantings. Large fruit (1/4 size) - excellent fresh, high sugar content - up to 22 brix. Fruit increases in su
At least two plants required for pollination. Space 3-6‟ apart. Great for hedges, extremely hardy. Beautiful bright green foliage and white flowers in spring. Great jam
Silvery green leaves turn red in autumn, pretty white blossoms in spring. Space at 3-4‟ and plant 2 for pollination. Introduced by Dr. Hansen of the SD Experimental Sta
Brother‟ seedling to Joy. Self-fertile. Prefers well-drained fertile soil and full sun. The best of Meader's three bush cherries. Bears 3-4 quarts of freestone fruit per plan
Self-fertile. August fruit set avoids heavy bird pressure. As hardy as Nanking. Flashy red autumn color and prolific fruit in late summer. Striking landscape plant. As a
Tart fruits great for jelly and juice. Shrubs only 12-18” will fruit. No disease or insect problems. Late ripening (mid-August), dense flowers and copious fruit. Longer live
Broad dense highly ornamental shrub. Two plants required for pollination. Plant 3-4‟ apart for a full hedge. Beautiful white 3/4" blossoms in early spring. Small sour ch
Seed collected from Montana - possibly of Russian origin. The most productive of all seedling sour cherries by far. Small, white, very sweet fruits - popular with birds. D
ntent if left on the busy, reaching from 14-17 brix in late July to 22 brix in late August. Result of breeding done by Dr. Les Kerr in the 40s, later by the U of Saskachewan crossing Pru
 brix. Fruit increases in sugar content if left on the busy, reaching from 14-17 brix in late July to 22 brix in late August. Result of breeding done by Dr. Les Kerr in the 40s, later by the
 rs in spring. Great jam
  the SD Experimental Station.
 of freestone fruit per plant. Extremely vigorous. Elwyn Meader introduction, NH
ng landscape plant. As a hedge, plant 3-4‟ apart. developed by E.M. Meader of UNH
  copious fruit. Longer lived than Nanking, no borers.
arly spring. Small sour cherries fine for pies, jams and jellies. Very high in vitamin C - 2-3 berries provide a day‟s requirement. Excellent hedge plant. Prefers full sun and well draine
uits - popular with birds. Dense flowers in early spring. Resistant to Japanese beetle
by the U of Saskachewan crossing Prunus cerasus w/ Prunus fruiticosa. They are smaller plants w/ dark red to near black fruit.
by Dr. Les Kerr in the 40s, later by the U of Saskachewan crossing Prunus cerasus w/ Prunus fruiticosa. They are smaller plants w/ dark red to near black fruit.

e plant. Prefers full sun and well drained soil. Native to China and Japan
near black fruit.
Self fruitful - no need for a pollinator. Plant at 10-15‟ spacings - wider for Montmorency. Pie cherries ( Prunus cerasus
tree but aren‟t as sweet. They are called „sour‟ but are delicious to eat right off the tree. They fruit in early to midsum
soil. Especially good in pies. Abundant light pink blossoms in spring. Tart, sour, and pie cherries are much more winter h
cherries. Sour cherries are generally divided into two groups: Morello types have dark red spherical fruit, dark juice and r
trees; Montmorency (or Amarelle) types have light red slightly flattened fruit, clear juice and medium sized somewhat open tr

Cherries should be pruned aggressively after they are replanted in your soil. Sweet and sour types will not cross pollinate

Pie cherries are significantly hardier than sweet cherries but can be frustrating to grow. Though trees are fully hardy in Z
be damaged in colder winters. Some growers in Maine have reported large harvests only to have their trees die unexpectedly a
Self- pollinating. Space at 15-20‟.
     cerasus) taste like cherry pie off the
ly to midsummer and don‟t mind heavy
uch more winter hardy than sweet
, dark juice and relatively small compact
d somewhat open trees.

not cross pollinate each other.

e fully hardy in Zone 3, flower buds may
rees die unexpectedly a year or two later.
 Kiwi Cultivars    Nurser        Latin        Hardi              Fruit              Ripening       Years to    Size           Cost
                     y                         ness                                                Fruiting Available
Arctic Beauty     MI        Actinidia arguta Z3                                                      5-7yr  1-2‟ plants $18.45; $34.95/2
Arg. - Meader     FC        Actinidia arguta          n/a                            na/              n/a   2-3yr vines       $13
Arg. Meader       FC        Actinidia arguta Z4/3                                    summer          5-9yr
                                                      Early ripening medium-sized sweet and flavorful fruit 2-3yr vines       $13
Arg. Michigan State         Actinidia arguta                                         summer          5-9yr  2-3yr vines
                                                      thumb-shaped, thumb-sized, somewhat sour, larger than most              $13
Arguta            ER        Actinidia arguta          3/4-1”, succulent, green, no fuzz, no peeling 5-9yr
                                                                                     September                potted         $25 ea
Kolomitka         ER        Actinidia kolomitka       1/2-3/4”, no fuzz/peeling      late-August/September    potted         $25 ea

Unusually vigorous - thrives in a wide variety of soils, except soggy ones. Space at 8‟.
Male. Suitable for pollinating Michigan State and Meader females. One will pollinate several females. Often grown for their beautiful dark green ornamental foliage.
Early ripening medium-sized sweet and flavorful fruit. Grower Will Bonsall commented that since the „exquisite flavor is conductive to depraved behavior, members of th
Female. Michigan State University. Grower Tom Vigue calls the thumb-shaped fruit, “sweet and most highly luscious.” Somewhat sour. Larger than other varieties.
Males have healthy green leaves and twine around poles and trees. Females produce copious fruit.
Older males have green, white and pink on their leaves.
een ornamental foliage.
ed behavior, members of the opposite sex should never eat fruits in the same room.‟ Female. Elwyn Meader introduction. Rochester, NH
ger than other varieties.
Grape Cultivars     Nursery      Latin        Soils        Hardin              Fruit             Ripening Years to             Size            Cost
                                                            ess                                                Fruiting    Available
Beta              ER, STL, FC              x Concord         -50                              mid-September, midseasongallon, 1-2yr
                                                                                                                 3 -4 1/2               $15/$25 ea, $9.50
                             Vitis ripariasandy, gravelly loam blue-black, slipskin, small, tart, med-size, excellent for jams, moderately compact to loose clusters
Bluebell          ER, STL, FCVitis                           -50                                excellent flavor   -4 1/2 gallon, 1-2yr
                                          sandy, gravelly loam medium size, blue, slipskin,early September,3midseason                   $15/$25 ea, $9.50
Brianna           ER         Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam good flavor, productivity      September                     1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Canadice          ER         Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam seedless                       September                     1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Chontay           FC         Vitis                                                            early                           1-2yr
                                                            Z3/4 med-size loose clusters, large, purple fruit, good fresh eating               $9.50
Edelweiss         ER         Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam white                          September                     1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Fredonia          ER, STL    Vitis                           -40
                                          sandy, gravelly loam concord type, blue, flavorfulearlier ripening 3 -4           1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Frontenac         ER, STL, FC                             Z4/5, -50                           September, mid-late
                             Vitis ripariasandy, gravelly loam red, small, produced in large, loose clusters 3 -4 1/2 gallon, 1-2yr     $15/$25 ea , $9.50
Kay Gray          ER, STL, FCVitis                           -40                              late August, midseason 1/2 juice, low acid,
                                                                                                                 eating                 $15/$25 sweet fruity
                                          sandy, gravelly loam tight clusters, medium, white, slipskin, fresh 3 -4 and gallon, 1-2yr mild ea, $9.50 flavor, good fo
King of the North ER, STL    Vitis                           -50                              September early in life 1/2 gallon
                                          sandy, gravelly loam prolific, med-large, blue, concord-like                                     $15/$25 ea
La Crescent       ER, STL    Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam golden brown, apricot like flavor
                                                             -50                              September          3 -4       1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Louise            FC         Vitis                                                            midseason                        aromatic table wine
                                                             -40 high quality white wine grape that produces a light subtle 1-2yr              $9.50
Louise Swenson STL                                           -50 white, wine/table grape                         3 -4
Prairie Star      ER, STL, FCVitis                                                             for fresh eating midseason
                                                                                                                 3 -4 1/2
                                          heavier, fertile -50 small-med, white, excellent mid-September, and wine gallon, 1-2yr        $15/$25 ea , $9.50
Reliance SeedlessFC          Vitis                                                            very early                      1-2yr            $9.50
                                                            Z4/5 Good for fresh eating or juice. Large loose clusters of tender melting sweet pinkish-red fruit w/ strawbe
Sabrevois         ER, STL, FCVitis                           -31                              September, midseason 1/2 gallon, 1-2yr
                                                                                                                 3 -4                   $15/$25 high acids
                                          sandy, gravelly loam small to medium size clusters of black fruit w/ moderate sugars and slightly ea, $9.50
Somerset Seedless STL, FC    Vitis                           Z4     seedless, rosy, medium size, wonderful taste, Medium sized loose clusters with small sweet ruddy red
                                                                                              mid-September, early
                                                                                                                 3 -4         1-2yr            $9.50
St. Croix         ER, FC     Vitis                                                              grapes in medium sized gallon,
                                          sandy, gravelly loam Juicy low-acid medium blueearly ripening, midseasonbunches 1-2yr         $15/$25 ea, $9.50
St. Pepin         STL                                        -50 white, good dessert quality                     3 -4
Swenson Red       STL, ER    Vitis        sandy, gravelly -30-40 deep red, keeps well in cold storage, great for fresh eating gallon
                                                           loam                               September          3 -4       1/2            $15/$25 ea
Swenson White STL                                          -30-40 yellow, thick skin, med-large clusters         3 -4
Valiant           ER, STL    Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam blue, lower acid, small bunches
                                                             -50                              September          3 -4       1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea
Worden            ER, STL    Vitis        sandy, gravelly loam large, blue, rich flavor, concord type
                                                             -50                              September          3 -4       1/2 gallon     $15/$25 ea

For your coldest spot or arbor. Early to bloom, early to ripen. Vigorous healthy productive vines. Old standby, excellent for juice, jelly and jam. Decent eating off the vin
Fedco's most popular seeded grape - does everything well. Good for fresh eating, juice and jelly. Sweeter and larger than Beta and Valiant. Labrusca type ripens 2-3 w
New variety selected for flavor, hardiness and productivity
For your warmest spot. Disease resistant, seedless.
A generally forgotten variety from the upper midwest. Medium sized loose clusters of large purple fruit good for fresh eating. Not considered a wine grape unless you lik
For juice, wine and fresh eating
Old time, early ripening (2 weeks earlier than Corcord). Vigorous and flavorful. Excellent for juice, fresh eating and wine. Champion x Lucille
Very hardy, disease resistant. An excellent new red wine grape. Suitable for rose, red and port wines. Very large loose clusters of small berries. Intense juice color, lo
For juice and fresh eating. Very disease resistant. Very reliable moderately vigorous productive vine. Good for homemade wine - commercial winemakers have difficul
Super hardy, bears early in life. Produces tight clusters of sweet fruit good for fresh eating and juice. Incredibly vigorous, produces 5-6 times more growth per year than
Gives an apricot flavor to white wine, turns golden brown when ripe. One of best white wine selection from U of MN breeding program. Loose clusters. MN 1166 St. pe
Very high quality white wine grape that produces a light subtle aromatic table wine. Extremely reliable and moderately vigorous. Small-medium clusters. Disease resis
One of Elmer‟s hardiest selections. Makes a very fine white wine. Also used as a table grape. ES 48-33
Blocky long slightly loose clusters of med-size white fruit. Excellent sugar and acidity for winemaking. Prefers heavier fertile soils. Disease resistant and very hardy. G
Probably the highest quality seedless grape for the north. Good for fresh eating or juice. Large loose clusters of tender melting sweet pinkish-red fruit w/ strawberry like
Makes a high quality red wine. Extremely cold hardy red wine grape. Produces an excellent dry complex aromatic wine with good body. Small to medium size clusters
First hardy seedless grape. Indescribably wonderful taste. Medium sized loose clusters with small sweet ruddy reddish golden fruit. Crispy texture and great flavor. Ea
Excellent fresh eating, juice and wine. Juicy low-acid medium blue grapes in medium sized bunches. Very popular as the primary variety in blended red wines for those
Good disease resistance and exceptional vigor. Makes good white wine and pink juice. Seyval x (MN 78 x Seneca)
Not for coldest spots. Very good fresh eating and wine. Non-slipskin. Very disease resistant. Keeps well in cold storage. Thin skin and a meaty texture. Minn. 78 x S
Fruit has a „flowery‟ taste. Late ripener. Excellent for white wines. Very disease resistant. ES6-1-43
Hardy, good climber, great for jam and juice, small bunches. Blue slipskin lower acid than Beta, larger clusters. Vigorous grower, nearly as hardy. Less disease toleran
Fluorescent-pink buds. Rich flavor, concord type. Excellent for juice and fresh eating. 2-3 weeks earlier than Concord. Almost never needs winter protection. Grapes
. Decent eating off the vine when completely ripe. Extremely hardy, vigorous, disease resistant. Concord x Vitis riparia. Originated by Louis Suelter in MN, 1881. Named after his w
 abrusca type ripens 2-3 weeks earlier than Concord. Strong, productive, vigorous but not rampant vine. Immune to most or all fungal diseases. Rare. Medium size blue slipskin. M

 wine grape unless you like a strong flavored brew. Vigorous vine. (Massasoit x Beta) NE Hansen introduction, SD Station, Brookings, SD 1925

es. Intense juice color, low tannins, high sugar and high acid content. Good grower with marked resistance to most common grape diseases. MN1047 (Vitis riparia 'RIP 89' x French
 winemakers have difficulty clarifying it. Open poll seedling of ES217 (MN 78 x Golden Muscat) x open-pollinated (Onaka?) Elmer Swenson introduction, Osceola, WI 1981.
more growth per year than any other in this climate. Establishes quickly. Wild seedling.
 clusters. MN 1166 St. pepin x ES6-8-25
m clusters. Disease resistant. Buds out relatively late in spring. ES 4-8-33 (ES 2-3-17 x Kay Gray) Swenson introduction, MN. Aka Louise Swenson

sistant and very hardy. Good for fresh eating and wine. A new Swenson cross, possibly even hardier than Frontenac. Produces a non-foxy, full flavored wine. Often used in a blend
red fruit w/ strawberry like flavor. Stores well in a root cellar for 1-2 months. Arkansas 1163 (Ontario x Suffolk Red) Arkansas Stn. 1982.
l to medium size clusters of black fruit w/ moderate sugars and slightly high acids. Very strong vigorous grower w/ good upright growth patterns. When grown on a large trellis it can
xture and great flavor. Easy to grow but not overly vigorous. Berries often retain a slightly crunchy empty ovule, not unpleasant in the least. ES 12-7-98. (Petite jewell x ?) Swenson
ended red wines for those in the coldest districts. Disease resistant and extremely hardy. ES 242 (ES 283 x ES 193) Swenson intro, Osceloa, WI.

aty texture. Minn. 78 x Seibel 11803

 rdy. Less disease tolerant than Beta. Fredonia x Vitis riparia
winter protection. Grapes hang onto stem better than Fredonia but not quite as sweet. Open Poll. Concord
uelter in MN, 1881. Named after his wife - pronounced Bett-uh.
s. Rare. Medium size blue slipskin. MN 158. Beta x unknown. Developed by JM Dorsey, U MN, 1944.

MN1047 (Vitis riparia 'RIP 89' x French hybrid Landot 4511) U MN about 1995.
troduction, Osceola, WI 1981.

ll flavored wine. Often used in a blend to fortify thinner white wines. ES 3-24-7 (ES 2-7-13 x ES 2-8-1) Swenson introduction, MN 1984.

s. When grown on a large trellis it can produce large crops. Very disease resistant. One of the most vigorous and hardy of the Elmer Swenson crosses out of MN. ES 2-1-9 (MN 78
S 12-7-98. (Petite jewell x ?) Swenson intro.
crosses out of MN. ES 2-1-9 (MN 78 x Siebal) x (MN 78 x Seneca) Swenson intro, MN 2001. Named after the town near the Richelieu Riven in southern Quebec where Gilles Beno
n southern Quebec where Gilles Benoit of Vignoble des Pins first made high quality wine from the variety.
    Hops     Nursery       Latin      Height       Soils      Hardi          Fruit            Ripening     Size Available    Cost
 Cultivars                                                    ness
Cascade Hops FC        Humulus lupulus                              fragrant, low bittering value                             $10/3
Common HopFC                         20-30’ most well-drained soils
                       Humulus lupulus                        Z3                               late summer 5-6” female rhizomes
Nugget Hops MI         Humulus lupulus                        Z5                                                              $6.85
Willamette Hops        Humulus lupulus                                                         late summer                    $10/3

Cascade is the charismatic hop in Anchor‟s Liberty Ale, Sierra Nevada‟s Pale Ale, and McNeill‟s Firehouse Amber Ale. Resistant to downy mildew. USDA 19124 (Fugg
Beautiful twining vine has green lobed leaves, bristly stems, insignificant greenish flowers, followed by hops themselves. Used both in brewing and insomnia remedies.
Deep green - up to 20‟ grown in a season. Mildew resistant
Excellent all purpose hop. Old English-style aroma w/ brewing characteristics similar to Fuggle. Low bittering. Spicy aroma. Good finishing hop for brewing English ale
dew. USDA 19124 (Fuggle x Serebrianka-Fuggle S) x open pollinated. Oregon St. U 1972
 and insomnia remedies. Tolerates shade. Dies to the ground in fall and rebounds more vigorously each year. Plant where you want it - difficult to move. No serious pests/diseases

op for brewing English ales and stout. Vigorous. Higher yielding than Fuggle. Good disease resistance. USDA 21003 x Fuggle Seedling 2-4, USDA, 1976.
lt to move. No serious pests/diseases. Native to Eurasia.

USDA, 1976.
Hardy Kiwi is a productive climbing vine that produces delicious grape-sized kiwi fruits in late summer. Skin is smooth and edible. Easy to grow in well
female vines required for fruit set. One male will pollinate at least 3 females. Plant in a spot protected from wind and intense winter sun. Vines are ext
require a rugged trellis or arbor and heavy pruning. Plant vines 10‟ apart each way in moderately rich moist but well-drained soil (pH 5.0
female. Though vines are quite hardy, flowers and foliage are frost sensitive. Planting on a northern exposure will delay budding out in spring and redu
Mulch with hay or wood chips. On poor soil fertilize with compost annually. Will begin production in 5-9 years. No significant pest or disease problems

On a trellis train a single trunk to the trellis wires and then 2 permanent 7-10‟ cordons (arms) off the trunk. Each winter remove at least 70% of old grow
one year old laterals. That yea‟s fruit will develop on fruit spurs growing off these one-year-old canes (laterals). On extremely rampant rampant vines s
required to keep the vines from choking out other plants.

On an arbor or gazebo - once established, prune 70% of the old growth each year and leave some new canes for this year's fruitin
Most grape varieties are bred from a combination of different species V. labrusca and V. vinifera are the most important. Labrusca is native to the eastern
musky (foxy) flavor and is hardy and disease-resistant. Corcord is the best-known of the Labruscas. Vinifera, a European native, is extremely high qua
important wine grape in the world, but is not cold hardy and is prone to disease. Riesling and Chardonnay are the two hardiest pure vinifera grapes. In
grapes begin ripening in mid-August, while „midseason‟ ripen mid-September. Late season Concord, does not ripen in many norther

Self- fruitful - no need for a pollinator. Grapes grow best in gravelly-loam soil with pH of 5.8-7.0. They benefit from full sun and high heat
need not be rich, it should be well-drained with plenty of organic matter. They should be supported on a 2-strand wire fence or a trellis. (In Italy they gr
trees). On an arbor or gazebo, train one or more vines, encouraging several permanent arms off the trunk. Every winter remove 7
summer new fruiting canes will grow off the permanent arms. In very cold regions, prune them to a low-headed double trunk, so the tough woody part s
ground and more flexible canes can be bent down and covered with mulch in winter. With proper cultivation and care, they will start to produce in 2
bear consistently and heavily almost every year. Plant at 6-8‟ or 8-12‟ spacings, with 6-8‟ or 8-12‟ between rows.

Planting - spread roots out, planting the crown even with the soil surface. Do not prune roots. Pack soil well and water and mulch well. After frost dang
vines back to 3-5 strong buds. In later years, spread compost and mulch with hay or straw. Grapes require annual pruning - this typically involves the r
in spring or late fall to encourage new canes as fruit is produced on them. Grapes rated for Zone 5 can be grown in Zones 3 and 4. To prevent winter i
from the trellis in fall, lay it on the ground and bury with just enough soil to cover.

Pruning grapes in the four arm Kniffin system:
Year 1 - Cut plant back when planting to a single stem, 6” long with 2-3 buds, after the last frost danger has passed
Year 2 - Set up two wires, 3‟ and 5‟ high, stretched between posts. Cut plant back to a single stem, 6‟ long and tie it to the top wire. Leave 4
remove others
Year 3 - Select 8 canes, 4 for each wire and remove the rest. Tie 2 canes to each wire, one in each direction. Cut these 4 canes back to 10 buds each
canes back to 2 buds each.
Later Years - In spring, remove last year‟s fruiting canes. Select 8 new canes. Cut 4 of them to 10 buds each, and tie them to your wires. Cut the rema
buds each. These will produce next year‟s fruiting canes. Remove all other canes. The number of buds left on the fruiting canes may be adjusted to e
larger size.

The Chinese were making wine from hawthorn berries nearly 12,000 years ago. The first wine from grapes was likely made in Turke
wine were even found in the tomb of the Egyptian Pharaoh Tutankhamen. Resveratrol is the polyphenol at the center of the curren
carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties as well as anti-microbial agents that help prevent heart disease. Grape seeds contain an anti
as Vitamin C.
as Vitamin C.

   Refrigerate slightly moistened rhizomes in a plastic bag until planting. Hops prefer full sun and light-textured rich well-drained soil with a pH of 6.5
   worked in spring, till to create a weed-free area. Dig holes about 1‟ deep and at least 3‟ apart in rows. Add manure, compost and other slow
   2 rhizomes per hole, horizontally w/ buds pointed up and cover w/ 1-2” of loose soil The first year the hop plant requires frequent light watering and

   Hops grow vertically, w/ lateral sidearms extending from the main vine and producing cones. Vines may grow up to 25‟ in a singl
   twine 12-30‟ high, supported by a trellis, wire, pole, tree branch or south-facing building. When young vines are about 1‟ long, select 2 or 3 most vig
   remove the rest. Gently wrap the vines clockwise onto a string. Once trained the vine will guide itself.

   Pick hops when papery but still slightly sticky and filled with yellow powder. Harvest dates will vary with the variety and climate. Harvest is safest b
   fruits thoroughly before use. This can take a few weeks on window screen in an attic. Once dried, fruits freeze well.

   Cut vines back to the ground after they have been killed by frost. Each spring apply a hearty dose of manure and compost as
   roots by cutting a 2-3‟ circle with a shovel around the base of the plant in spring.
          ble. Easy to grow in well-drained soils. Male and
       se winter sun. Vines are extremely vigorous and
          oil (pH 5.0-6.5). Plant a male within 30‟ of any
          ing out in spring and reduce risk of frost damage.
        nt pest or disease problems.

       ove at least 70% of old growth, leaving a dozen or so
       ely rampant rampant vines summer pruning may be

s year's fruiting
 . Labrusca is native to the eastern US, has a wild tart
opean native, is extremely high quality, making it the most
         st pure vinifera grapes. In central ME, „very early‟
 in many northern areas.

     un and high heat - (warm microclimates). Though soil
             a trellis. (In Italy they grow them in Maple
            e 70-90% of the past summer‟s growth. Next
ble trunk, so the tough woody part stays close to the
           l start to produce in 2-4 years. Vines usually

          ulch well. After frost danger has passed, prune
         this typically involves the removal of most growth
         and 4. To prevent winter injury, remove the vine

       top wire. Leave 4-6 buds near each wire and

           es back to 10 buds each. Cut the remaining 4

           your wires. Cut the remaining four back to two
           es may be adjusted to encourage more fruit or

y made in Turkey or Iran about 5000 BC. Traces of red
r of the current red wine hoopla. It appears to have anti-
e seeds contain an anti-oxidant that is twice as powerful
          ned soil with a pH of 6.5-8. As soon as soil can be
 re, compost and other slow-release organic fertilizers. Plant
equires freq uent light watering and mulching.

to 25‟ in a si ngle season and do best if trained onto strong
bout 1‟ long , select 2 or 3 most vigorous vines per hill and

         mate. Harvest is safest by lowering the vines - dry

 compost as a top dressing. To help control vigor, prune
   Hazel Cultivars      Nurser          Latin           Heigh Sprea Hard             Fruit              Ripening    Years      Size Available
                          y                               t      d    ines                                             to
American               OI      Corylus americana        4-12”          -35                                                      3-6”...18-24”
American Hazelnut/Filbert
                       FC      Corylus americana        15-18‟ 10-15‟ Z4 very good, 1/2”, somewhat smaller but hardier than foreign hybrids
                                                                                                    late September
Barcelona              MI      Corylus spp.             15-20‟         Z5 very large, round, fine flavor September 3+
                                                                                                    early                          3-4‟, 2yr
Butler                 MI      Corylus spp.             15-20‟         Z5 med-large, delicious      early September 3+             3-4‟, 2yr
ECOS American          OI      Corylus americana                       -35 thin shells                                            3-6”...2-3‟
ECOS Filazels          OI                               15-20‟ 15‟
                               Corylus cornuta x avellana              -35                                                      6-12”...18-24”
Filazels               OI                               15-20‟ 15‟
                               Corylus cornuta x avellana              -35 large, thin shells                        4-6         6-12”...3-4‟
Fingerlakes Filbert    MI      Corylus spp.             15-20‟         Z4 large , excellent         early September 3+              1-1.5‟
Hazel                  GNN     Corylus                                     large nut                                              1-2‟...3-6‟
Hazelbert              ER, STLCorylus spp.              8-12‟              crackable with hand cracker                               2-4‟
Layered Barcelona      GNN     Corylus                                     large nut                                              1-2‟...3-6‟
Layered Grimo 186M     GNN     Corylus                                     large, high quality nut                                 1-2‟,2-3‟
Layered Grimo 208D     GNN     Corylus                                     large high quality nut                                 1-2‟...3-6‟
Layered Grimo 208P     GNN     Corylus                                     extra large nut                                           1-2‟
Layered Het #1         GNN     Corylus                                     medium sized nut                                        1-2‟,2-3‟
Layered Het #3         GNN     Corylus                                     medium sized nut                                       1-2‟...3-6‟
Layered Red Leaf       GNN     Corylus                                     medium size nut                                           1-2‟
Layered Santiam        GNN     Corylus                                     med. size, round, well filled                          1-2‟...3-6‟
Lots of Ten            GNN
Northern Hazel         GNN     Corylus                                Z3-4 small-med. nut                                         1-2‟...3-6‟
NY Hazel               GNN     Corylus                                     large nut                                              1-2‟...3-6‟
Precocious             OI, FC Corylus x hybrida         6-12‟ 6-12‟ -30/Z4 medium-large, crackable                 6-12”...18-24”, 16-24” transplants (FC)
                                                                                                                     2 -4
Royal                  MI      Corylus spp.             15-20‟         Z5 larger than Barcelona early September 3+                 3-4‟, 2yr
Skinner                GNN     Corylus                                     small-med. nut                                         1-2‟...3-6‟
Slate‟s Hybrids        NTG     Corylus avellana x
Trazels                OI                               30-50‟
                               Corylus colurna x avellana              -35 large, round                              6 - 10      3-6”, 6-12”
Tree Filberts          NTG     Corylus avallana x colurna                                                                     scions, 2‟, layers
Turkish Tree           GNN                                                 small nut                                              1-2‟...3-6‟

     American hazel is a small, densely suckering nut-bush (half lilac size) native to the northeast. One of six genera in the birch family, there are nine
     and many crosses. Hybrids with European filbert (lilac large nut-bush) balloon the pea size of native to above marble size kernels. The hybrids are
     partially resistant to the eastern filbert blight. Hybrids with Turkish tree hazel have larger and thinner shell nuts, but are just hardy enough to fruit h
     winter and few Turkish hybrids have shown great blight resistance. Some fully resistant European filberts are being discovered. Squirrels and blue
     nuts as soon as they‟re ripe so pay attention and collect the crop as soon as husks begin to turn brown and lose their sticky yellowness. Cure nuts
     of weeks and then shell them. You can even stomp off the dry shells in a big tub as if juicing grapes.
of weeks and then shell them. You can even stomp off the dry shells in a big tub as if juicing grapes.

During the 20th century, breeding projects aimed at producing northern hardy trees, large nuts, bud mite and eastern filbert blight resistance were u
BC, George Slate of Geneva, NY Experiment Station, Cecil Farris of Michigan and Carl Weschcke (later Phil Rutter of Wisconsin) p
crossed European bush and tree hazels with native hazels, creating northern hardy selections with variable blight resistance. Recently, OSU, Corv
blight resistant selections.

Hazels can grow in a wide range of soils from clay loams to pure sand. Plant at least 2-3 for pollination. Prefer well drained soils with pH 5.0
sun or light shading and still be productive. Annual cutting out of some suckers will keep the stand from becoming too shrubby. Older canes can b
years when they become weak. Plants respond positively to an annual compost application. Each plant can yield 5-20 lbs of nuts. For hedgerows
                 Cost           Volume Cost

        $4-$10 ea, $1.20 - 100+ (25)$1.70-$2.70
           20-36” transplants         $13
            $4.50-$12.50 ea     (25)$1.90-$3.20
               $6-$11 ea       (3) $5.50-$10.50
               $3-$11 ea         (25)$.75-$1.75
                 $8 ea              $130/20

               $15, $18

               $15, $18


                $9-13            $75-109/10
        $6.50-$10 ea, $13(25)$2.75-$4.75 (100+)$1.90

               $6, $9 ea

                $10-15           $75-109/10

      family, there are nine recognized Corylus species
         els. The hybrids are winter hardy, but only
just hardy enough to fruit heavily after a normal zone 6
           Squirrels and blue jays will begin collecting
        llowness. Cure nuts in their husks for a couple
      ght resistance were undertaken. J.U. Bellatly of
Wisconsin) paved the way during the early days. They
        ecently, OSU, Corvallis has produced more

       soils with pH 5.0-7.0. Plants can withstand full
            Older canes can be removed every 5-10
0 lbs of nuts. For hedgerows, space closely -2-10‟.

            Native. Immune to filbert blight and bud mite. Resistant to frost in full flower even when temps. drop into low 20s. Tap rooted. Most dwarf species of hazel. Starting in
            Somewhat smaller but much hardier than foreign hybrids: hazelberts and filhazels. Not the local wild beaked filbert, which is smaller and prickly to handle. Dark green s
            Tree very vigorous and productive. Important commercial variety in Oregon.
            Excellent pollinator
            Strain selected for highest productivity, larger nut size/thinner shell. High yields often bending branches to the ground. Combination of „Winkler‟ and native Michigan cro

            Hybrid between native beaked hazel and Euro species. One of the hardiest crosses. Very vigorous - 4-6‟ in two years. Seeds from an orchard in MI. Taller than other
            Cross between tree hazel and European filbert. Early bearing, shapely tree. disease resistant and vigorous. Resists aphids and bud mites w/o spraying. Plant with oth
            Faroka was the grandparent of these seedlings. Faroka is a cross of Turkish tree hazel w/ European hazel. Parents are disease resistant
            The best of many crosses made by Fred Ashworth in the 1920s. All of the seedlings are of Skinner (Hazelnut) x Graham and Winkler (Filbert). The former is known for
            Common west coast cultivar, moderate blight resistance
            Faroka seedling, bud mite and blight resistant, moderate bearing
            Faroka seedling, bud mite and blight resistant, moderate bearing
            High blight resistance, moderate bearing
            New C. Heterophylla (Asian native) selection. Blight resistant, very hardy, GNN selection on trial.
            New C. Heterophylla (Asian native) selection. Blight resistant, very hardy, GNN selection on trial.
            Red leaves most of the season, moderate blight resistance, fair production
            Recently introduced, highly productive commercial selection from OSU developed for the processing industry. Considered immune to filbert blight. On trial at GNN

            Native and Asian hybrids crossed with European hazels
            Best NY selections. NY 398 and NY 616
            Disease and insect immune, still producing large nuts that can be cracked with a hand cracker. Plant at least 2 for pollination. Good resistance to filbert blight. Excellen
            Manitoba hybrid. Native-lie
            Professor George Slate ran his unofficial projects with Persians, filberts, persimmons and pawpaws at the Geneva NY Experiment Station. He made many crosses with
            Cross between Turkish tree hazel and European filbert. Small trees to 30-50‟. Can be pruned as a single or multi-trunked. Production at 6-10 years. Pyramidal crown.
            tall, several stem nut-trees with gray flaking bark and thinner shelled nuts than tree hazel. Lark (scions only) shows most promise.
            Ornamental tree form, easy care

ed Corylus species
hardy, but only
 er a normal zone 6
l begin collecting
husks for a couple
en. J.U. Bellatly of
 early days. They
 produced more

an withstand full
ed every 5-10
ecies of hazel. Starting in 2nd year, small runners emerge 3-6” from main trunk. Each sprout will begin producing nuts in two years. Good for pollination of other varieties.
y to handle. Dark green serrated foliage. Highly resistant or immune to filbert blight. Native to eastern North America. Space at 8‟

r‟ and native Michigan crosses.

d in MI. Taller than other hazels. Nut production after 4-6 years. Large nuts, thin shells
o spraying. Plant with other varieties for pollination.

  The former is known for its extreme hardiness and resistance to catkin freezeback; the latter has size and quality of nuts. Self thickening hedge or single shrub. Easy to grow. Am

ght. On trial at GNN

e to filbert blight. Excellent as an understory plant in a woodland setting or as a hedgerow at 2‟ spacings. Developed by Oikos Tree Crops in MI from selected filhazels and hazelbert

 made many crosses with European filbert and Turkish tree hazel, starting with Rush hybrids (C. avellana x C. americana) Great benefits of Prof. Slate‟s work were putting two and m
years. Pyramidal crown. Parent blight free
pollination of other varieties.

ge or single shrub. Easy to grow. Amazing orange-red, yellow, green fall color

I from selected filhazels and hazelberts. It includes both American and European parentage.

of. Slate‟s work were putting two and maybe three genes for resistance in filbert, one from each species and using tree hazel to remove the hard helmet from European x native hybri
d helmet from European x native hybrid nuts. Blight surfaced late in his project (1970s at his fourth generation) and gave us the new project of evaluating resistance.
evaluating resistance.
   Blueberry        Nursery             Latin         Soils Heigh Spread Hardi                        Fruit               Ripening         Years
   Cultivars                                                  t          ness                                                                to
Atlantic          MI            Vaccinium              pH 4-5   4-5‟                 Z4 lt blue, delicious             mid-season        2nd year
Blue Boy Wild     OI                                   ph
                                Vaccinium pensylvanicum 4-5     10”                  -30 3/16” lt blue                                   2 to 4
Bluecrop                        Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5
                  ER, FC, STL, MI                               4-5‟                                                                     “
                                                                                                                        very light blue berries July
                                                                                     Z4 med-size firm, subacid fruit,early-midseason, late of high dessert quality, resis
Bluegold          ER, MI        Vaccinium              ph 4-5   4-5‟                 Z4 med-size, firm, flavorful, uniform size
                                                                                                                       August            “
Blueray                         Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5
                  ER, FC, STL, MI                               4-6‟                                                                     “
                                                                                     Z4 large, firm, dark blue, high dessert quality, small clusters, great taste
                                                                                                                       very early
Chandler          MI            Vaccinium              ph 4-5   4-5‟                                                   mid-late fresh eating
                                                                                     Z4 delicious, sweet, ideal for baking andseason
Chippewa          ER, STL, OI, MI accinium
                                V                      ph 4-5   3- 4‟              -40/Z3 med-large, very sweet berries July
                                                                                                                       late              “
Duke              FC            Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5      4-6‟                 Z4 firm, med-size, light blue, mild sweet flavor, “excellent for fresh eating/processin
                                                                                                                       early-midseason, late July
Early Bluejay     MI            Vaccinium              pH 4-5                        Z4 large, smooth, small scar, rich, juicy flesh
                                                                                                                       early-mid July
Elliot            FC, MI        Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5                           Z4 med-size, very firm, mild-flavor, light blue “
                                                                                                                       very late, fall
Friendship        ER, STL, OI Vaccinium                ph 4-5   2‟ - 3‟                                                blue
                                                                                     -30 wild‟ flavor, small-med, sky August             “
Green Elf Wild    OI            Vaccinium pensylvanicum 4-5
                                                       ph                                 black/tart                                     “
Herbert           MI            Vaccinium              pH 4-5    4-5‟                                                  late firm, hang well
                                                                                     Z4 sweet, tart, large (1”), attractive,mid-season
Hillside          OI            Vaccinium pallidum     ph 4-5    2-4‟                -30                                                 “
Ivanhoe           MI            Vaccinium              pH 4-5    4-5‟                Z4 very large, lt blue, sweet early                 2nd year
Jersey            FC, MI        Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5       5-7‟                Z4 med-large, dark blue in large loose clusters “
LIttle Crisp Wild OI                                   ph
                                Vaccinium pensylvanicum 4-5      10”                 -30 3/16” lt blue                                   “
Little Giant      OI            Vaccinium              ph 4-5     4‟                 -25 small, delicious, high yielding                 “
Lowbush           FC                                   ph
                                Vaccinium angustifolium 4-5       6”         24”     Z2 small, supreme flavor                            “
North Country     OI                                   ph
                                Vaccinium pensylvanicum 4-5      2-3‟                     1/4” sky blue                mid-July                  2
Northblue         ER, STL, MI Vaccinium                ph 4-5    1-2‟                Z3 large-xL, dark, superior flavorJuly              “
Northcountry      ER, STL, MI Vaccinium                ph 4-5     2‟      spreading Z3 small-med., larger than NorthskyJuly              “
Northland                       Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5
                  ER, FC, STL, MI                                3-4‟                                                  early, late July “
                                                                          moderate Z3/4 med-small, sweet, good flavor, dark blue, excellent wild flavor
Northsky          STL, OI, ER, MI accinium
                                V                      ph 4-5    1-2‟                                                                    “
                                                                          spreading -45 small, slow picking, self-fertile, modest production
Partridge Lake Wild I
                  O             Vaccinium pensylvanicum 4-5
                                                       ph                                 good flavor, nice aroma                        “
Patriot                         Vaccinium corymbosumph 4-5
                  ER, FC, STL, MI                                4-5‟                                                  flavor, firm with “
                                                                                    Z3/4 large-xL, 50 in a cup, great early-mid, July good color
Polaris           ER, STL, OI, MI accinium
                                V                      ph 4-5   3‟-4‟                -30 medium-large size, high quality mid-July 1-2 years
Putte Lowbush     OI, STL                              ph
                                Vaccinium angustifolium 4-5     6-18”                   # small, wild, productive                        “
St. Cloud         ER, STL, OI Vaccinium                          2-4‟                -30 small-large superior flavor July                “
Wild Michigan     OI                                   ph
                                Vaccinium angustifolium 4-5
 Size Available        Cost

1-1.5‟                  $9.55
12-18”                 $14 ea
(S8-18”), 12-30" 2yr(S$8 ea), $10
see side bar        see Chandler
(S8-18”), 12-30" 2yr(S$8 ea), $10
1-1.5‟                 $10.25
12-18”                 $12 ea
12-30” 2yr               $10

12-30” 2yr                $10
12-18”(S8-18”)      $8 ea (S$8ea)
12-18”                  $14 ea
1-1.5‟                   $9.55
1-2‟                    $14 ea
1-1.5‟                   $9.55
12-30” 2yr            $10; $9.55
12-18”                  $14ea
18-24”                  $14 ea
2 yr transplants          $10
1-2‟ branched           $12 ea
(S8-18”)               (S$8 ea)
(S8-18”)               (S$8 ea)
(S8-18”) 12-30" 2yr (S$8 ea), $10
(S8-18”)(O18” branched) $14 ea
                  (S$8 ea)
12-18”                  $14 ea
(S8-18”), 12-30" 2yr(S$8 ea), $10
2-3‟                    $14 ea
(S8-18”)(O12-18”) (S$8)(O$16)
(O12”)(S8-18”)       (S$8)(O$12)

Bush very vigorous and productive. Great for home garden because of large crops, vigor and quality. Ripens mid-season.
Wild form. Bright green foliage changes to reddish burgundy in fall. From MI‟s UP
Medium-large open berry clusters. Vigorous, upright 4-6' consistently productive bush. Known for its extreme hardiness, vigor and consistent production. Upright, ripen
Compact round form to 4'. High berry production and heavy fruiting habit - sometimes referred to by commercial growers as the 'mortgage lifter'. In storage, has mainta
Fruits considered best tasting by nearly all who grow highbush blueberries. Very vigorous with upright spreading habit. Hardy, disease free. Consistently productive. (G
Exceptionally long ripening season. Self-pollinating - will also pollinate other varieties. Miller‟s claims zone 4 but then says hardy to about -10-15.
Needs a pollinator. Self-fruitful w/ medium to large sweet berries with little acid. Yields 3-7 lbs/plant. Upright growth habit. Space at 3-4'. Classic aluminum blue color.
Vigorous upright high-yielding. Long stems and loose clusters. Recent release considered a big improvement over Earliblue, the standard early cultivar. G-100 (Ivanho
Fruits earlier than Northland. Unusually vigorous grower that can yield crops a year earlier than other varieties. Fruits will keep on the vine w/o loss.
A real season-extender - considered the latest of all varieties, ripens 2 weeks after Jersey. Slightly spreading somewhat bushy upright plant is consistently highly produc
 Vigorous growing with attractive foliage. Native lowbush. Yields 4-8lbs/plant. (equivalent to that of the U of MN crosses) Space at 3-4'. Brilliant orange red fall color. U
Drought resistant, found in southern MI in open forest. Foliage maintains clean green color throughout summer. Fall colors are orange and yellow.
One of the finest cultivated berries. Large size (nearly 1”) produced in tremendous clusters. The clusters are located on branch tips making them easy to pick. They ha
Found from eastern OK, north to MN, east to ME. Found in dryer soil types often in pine woods, along edges and cliffs. Plants grow in dense colonies. Full sun/part Sh
Large crops annually. Bush vigorous and upright. Good dessert quality, resistant to cracking. Ripens early.
Beloved old standard of blueberry introductions to which new varieties are compared. Large loose clusters of fruits. Vigorous erect hardy bush, tall, well shaped. Produ
Wild form of wild lowbush type. Bright green foliage changes to a reddish burgundy in fall. Slender leaves. From MI‟s UP
USDA selection from a hybrid cross of two native species. Yields to 15 lbs/plant. Highest Levels of antioxidants and anthcygnins compared to others. A bit more forgiv
Beautiful foliage in summer and fall. Berries have exceptional flavor. Woodsy dry poor acid soil (pH 4-5.2) is a prereq for lowbush blueberries. If you‟ve got white pine,
Dwarf blueberry from MN - noted for sweet wild blueberry flavor. Vigorous growth. Plants bear 2-7lbs. Bright red fall color.
Vigorous growth habit. Produces 5-8lbs per bush. Crops reliably. Large leaves, dark green to dark red in fall. Space at 3'. Vivid fall color. (G65 x Ashworth) x US3 U
Newly introduced. Native lowbush. Very hardy, vigorous, productive. Yields 3-7lbs per plant. Space at 3'. Attractive aluminum blue color. (G65 x Ashworth) x R2P4 U
Expansive crown, sweeping branches. Out-produces other cultivars as it‟s larger, but not as hardy. Early highbush x lowbush type bears long loose clusters of medium
Native lowbush. Good container plant and excellent low edible landscaping border. ~4lbs/bush. Smaller than Northblue, slower picking, but exceptionally sweet. Spac
Excellent ornamental found wild near a small inland lake in southern MI. Deep green foliage with yellow-burgundy autumn colors. Winter stems are bright yellow and or
Some berries „cover a quarter‟. Upright, open, spreading bush. Very productive, even after the harshest winters - test plants gave normal crops after blossoms had par
Needs a pollinator. Dwarf blueberry from MN, noted for medium sized high quality fruit. Highly productive. Yields similar to Northblue. Fruits very aromatic w/ aluminum
Widely used for collection of fruit in the wild. Spreads by underground rhizomes. Known for its productivity and larger than average size. Bright red fall color. Does we
Good fresh eating, small-medium, superior firmness and flavor. Yields 7lbs/plant. Space at 3'. Must be cross pollinated with another variety to obtain fruit set. (G65 x A
 production. Upright, ripening just after Blueray. Ripens over a long season. May not be perfectly ripe when they first turn blue. Give them a few more days to reach full flavor before
 r'. In storage, has maintained good quality for up to 5 weeks. Space at 3-4‟
Consistently productive. (GM 37 x CU-5) USDA, NJ, 1955. Space at 3-4‟

 ssic aluminum blue color. From U of Minnesota. (G65 x Ashworth) x U53
 ly cultivar. G-100 (Ivanhoe x Earliblue) x 192-8 (#-30 x E-11) USDA, NJ, 1987.

 consistently highly productive, at least partly due to late blooms (escapes spring frosts). Very heavy producer. Berries do not crack or drop and remain firm until picked. Extremely v
 nt orange red fall color. Upright growth habit. From U of Wisconsin/seedling of native found near Friendship, WI

 em easy to pick. They hang well on the busy without dropping. One of the best commercial varieties and great for the home garden. Ripens late mid-season or 10 days to 2 weeks
 colonies. Full sun/part Shade. Vigorous grower - good ornamental

h, tall, well shaped. Productive, widely grown, adapted to a wide range of soils, highly praised, easy to grow and suited to New England climate. Rubel x Grover, USDA, 1928.

  others. A bit more forgiving to soil types.
   If you‟ve got white pine, you‟re probably all set. Plants 12” apart and cultivate as a ground cover. Generally self-pollinating. Full sun is best for maximum fruit production.

G65 x Ashworth) x US3 U of MN
 65 x Ashworth) x R2P4 U of MN
 loose clusters of medium-small dark blue berries. Very vigorous and productive. Limber branches tolerate snow well. Good for landscaping, bird forage and dessert. Space at 3-4'.
 xceptionally sweet. Space at 2'. Is a wild selection from MN noted for glossy green leaves, brilliant red fall color and tasty wild berries. Not as good a producer, but self fertile. (G65
ms are bright yellow and orange. Good flavor, sweet aroma
  s after blossoms had partly opened and temps fell to 17F. Heavy snows haven‟t caused breakage. Tolerant or resistant to some strains of soil fungus. Very productive. Easy to pic
 very aromatic w/ aluminum blue color. Space at 3-4'. Highbush-lowbush cross. Bluetta x (G65 x Ashworth)
ht red fall color. Does well in dry soils. Developed in Sweden using material from the Nova Scotia breeding program. Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Balsgard.
o obtain fruit set. (G65 x Ashworth) x US3 U of MN. U of MN selection.
w more days to reach full flavor before picking. Pruning will help maintain fruit size. GM 37 (Jersey x Pioneer) x CU-5 (Stanley x June) USDA, NJ, 1952. Space at 3-4‟

d remain firm until picked. Extremely vigorous grower with upright, bush shape. Berries turn blue before they reach peak flavor - leave on bush until they're fully ripe. Loose clusters

ate mid-season or 10 days to 2 weeks after Bluecrop.

  Rubel x Grover, USDA, 1928.

or maximum fruit production.

 ird forage and dessert. Space at 3-4'. Medium, sweet, pleasant flavored berries. Berkeley x 19-H, Michigan State University, 1967.
good a producer, but self fertile. (G65 x Ashworth) x R2P4 U of MN

 fungus. Very productive. Easy to pick. Partial lowbush parentage. Adaptable to many soil types. Good for U-pick operations. Space at 3-4'. As hardy as Northland. US3 (Dixie x

riculture Science, Balsgard.
 NJ, 1952. Space at 3-4‟

h until they're fully ripe. Loose clusters of medium sized fruit. Burlington x (Dixi x [Jersey x Pioneer]) USDA, 1974.

  As hardy as Northland. US3 (Dixie x Michigan LB-1) x Earliblue (Stanley x Weymouth) U of ME, 1976.
Currant Cultivars   Source    Colo        Latin         Soils    Height Spread Hardi               Fruit           Ripening      Size Available
                               r                                               ness

American Black       OI        B     Ribes americanumtolerant, wet 3-4‟     3-4‟  -35 pleasant                   early August 3-6”,6-12”, 12-18”
Ben Connan           STL       B     Ribes nigrum                         compact     large, high yield          early ripening2‟
Ben Sarek            ER, STL B       Ribes nigrum                   3‟                large, high yield                        2‟
Consort              ER, STL B       Kerry x Ribes ussuriense       4‟                strong flavor                            2-3‟
Crandall             ER        B     Ribes odoraturm                4‟                                                         1-2‟
Gabe‟s Favorite BlackER        B
Golden Currant       OI        W     Ribes aureum                                   -40 prolific                                1-3‟
Hillcrest            ER        W
Miller‟s Prince Consort
                     MI        B     Ribes spp.                    4-6‟    3.5-5‟   Z4   black, 3/4”                            2 year
Pink Champagne ER              R
Red Lake             ER, STL, MI
                               R     Ribes spp.                     3‟              Z3   red, large, juicy, abundant
                                                                                                                  mid-July       1-2‟
Titania              STL       B     Ribes nigrum                  3-4‟   upright        large berry, excellent taste            2-3‟
White Imperial       STL       W     Ribes spp.                                          translucent, tasty                      1-2‟
White Pearl          MI        W     Ribes spp.                    4-6‟    3.5-5‟   Z3                                           2 year
                                                                                         white, translucent w/ pink blush, delicious fresh or in jams/jellies
  Cost      Volume Price

$4,7,9 ea(25+)$1.40 (3-6”)
$11.50 ea      $47/5
$11.50 ea      $47/5
 $7.50 ea     $60/10
 $7.50 ea     $60/10

 $12 ea


 $7.50 ea      $60/10
$11.50 ea       $47/5
 $7.50 ea      $60/10

Similar to cultivated black currant. Long racemes of yellow green flowers in April. High in iron and other minerals. Widely used by native Americans. Usually found in w
Highest yielding variety in UK National trials. Compact growth habit. Cross between Ben Sarek and Ben Lomond by the Scottish Crop Research Institute.
Compact growth, ideal for u-pick. Hardy and disease resistant. 3‟ spacings. Patented variety developed by the Scottish Crop Research Institute, released in 1984.
Strong flavor. used mostly in jams and juices. Very hardy, immune to White Pine Blister Rust. 3‟ spacings.
Aka spicebush/clove currant and „the North Country‟s answer to Forsythia.‟ Selection of ornamental black currant. Can produce an abundant crop of edible fruit in its se

Best known for prolific fruit and ornamental qualities. Fragrant yellow flowers, like cloves, followed by orange or red fruit. Great for attracting birds. Kerr/Vineland selec

Tolerant of shade. Rarely bothered by birds. Grows about chin high in a a fruiting hedge. Plant 5‟ apart.

Extremely hardy and abundant. Best known variety for jellies, compotes and fresh eating. Large, juicy fruit. Very resistant to White Pine Blister Rust. Space 3-5‟ apart
Extremely hardy and disease resistant, both to mildew and white pine blister rust. Milder than other cultivars, w/ typical black currant flavor. Vigorous and upright growth
White form of the red currant - named in Geneva, NY about 1890
Prolific bearers - branches literally bend down under weight.
ricans. Usually found in wetlands in the shade of other plants. Produces best in moist soil but can be cultivated with ease in any soil.

 te, released in 1984.

crop of edible fruit in its second season. Fruits larger than Consort. Spicy scented flowers bloom in early spring. 3-4‟ spacing

irds. Kerr/Vineland selections noted for their prolific large fruits

er Rust. Space 3-5‟ apart.
gorous and upright growth. Heavy fruiting, long season of ripening. 4-6‟ spacings. Developed in Europe in the 1980s
 Gooseberry Cultivars    Source        Latin         Soils      Height Sprea Hard             Fruit             Years       Size
                                                                         d   ines                                to      Available
Green                   OI        Ribes uva-crispa Northern Wild Strain                                                 6-12”, 18-24”
Hinnomaki Red           ER
Invicta Green           ER
Northern Gooseberry     OI                        sandy, acidic 2-4‟
                                  Ribes owyacanthoides var calcicola          -40 1/2” dark red, excellent flavor 2 -3   6-12”...2-3‟
Pixwell                           Ribes spp.
                        ER, STL, MI                               3‟   3-4‟       medium size, green purple upon ripening 1-2‟
Red                     OI        Ribes x ‘Red Jacket’
                                                  tolerant        2‟          -30 1/2”, deep red-purple, tart           6-12”, 18-24”
Tixia Red               ER

 $7, $9 ea

 $6-$12 ea
$7 ea $55/10
 $8, $10 ea

Gooseberries were the first fruit plants brought over by Europeans. Self-pollinating. Plant in organically enriched soil. Tolerant of part shade.

Can fruit even in heavy shade. Native species. Found on a cliff overlooking the shores of Lake Superior in a beech-maple forest.
Very hardy. Low bush has small thorns, very productive. „Easy to pick‟. Does well in average soil. Pink (available from Miller‟s) does well in shade - actually does best
Consistent production and disease free. Fruits quite tart. Hybrid cross w/ native species. Lives up to 60 years+. Best with mulch.
hade - actually does best in shade of trees, fences, grapevines. Plant 3 feet apart. Originating in North Dakota in 1932. 3‟ spacings
  Elderberry        Source            Latin          Soils     Heigh Spread Hardi            Fruit           Ripening       Years to
   Cultivars                                                     t          ness                                            Fruiting

Adams             ER, STL, MI, FCSambucus canadensis           6-7‟            Z4    exceptionally large clusters and berries 2 or so
                                                                                                            early-mid August
Black Berried Elder
                  FC                             moist, rich
                                 Sambucus canadensis           6-12‟   6-12‟   Z3    purple-black           late summer
Goodbarn          FC             Sambucus canadensis                           Z3    small, prolific
Johns             ER, STL, MI    Sambucus canadensis            6-7‟           Z4    large berries and clusters.
                                                                                                            mid-August                  1‟ rooted cuttings
Johns Black       OI             Sambucus canadensis             8‟     8‟     -30   large, black
Native            ER             Sambucus
Nova              ER, STL        Sambucus canadensis            6-7‟                 large, sweet, uniform                              1‟ rooted cuttings
York              ER, STL        Sambucus canadensis            6-7‟                 larger than Adams                                  1‟ rooted cuttings
  Size Available       Cost            Bulk Cost

1‟ cuttings, 1yr (FC)
                   $5.50; $9.25 FC$38/8 (2 each variety)

       12-18”           $9.25
 1‟ rooted cuttings   $5.50 ea    $38/8 (2 each variety)
        1-2‟           $12 ea

 1‟ rooted cuttings   $5.50 ea    $38/8 (2 each variety)
 1‟ rooted cuttings   $5.50 ea    $38/8 (2 each variety)

Vigorous, strong, productive bushes. Large white blossoms in May. Berries and fruit clusters. exceptionally large. Selected by William Adams, Union Springs, NY, 192
Broad vigorous multi-stemmed shrub w/ spreading branches and unkempt habit. Large flat creamy white flower clusters (cymes) that cover the shrub in early summer m
Thought to be a polyploid form of S.c. with unusual hardiness, vigor and apparent self-fertility. It blooms heavily and produces large crops annually. Small fruits, excelle
extremely vigorous
Wild selected. Highest iron content of likely any wild or cultivated fruit. Maintenance free. Prune out old canes every 2-3 years. Beautiful white clusters of sweet smelli

Originated in Nova Scotia in 1946 as an open-pollinated seedling of Adams. Extremely vigorous
Originated in New York State 1964. Very large bush with fruit larger than Adams. Considered one of the best cultivars.
s, Union Springs, NY, 1926
e shrub in early summer make delicious fritters or tea for colds and flu. Free from diseases and insects. Two varieties needed for pollination. Native to eastern US.
ually. Small fruits, excellent for juices, jellies and wines. Chance seedling. Elwyn Meader introduction. Rochester, NH. Professor Meader named this „Goodbarn‟ because it was the

e clusters of sweet smelling flowers in June.
Native to eastern US.
med this „Goodbarn‟ because it was the good elderberry growing under the eaves of his barn in NH.
   Juneberry Cultivars        Source                Latin                Soils       Height    Sprea Har                Fruit                Ripening
                                                                                                 d    dine
Allegheny Serviceberry      OI         Amelanchier laevis          loamy, moist pH6-7 25‟              -30 large, tasty
Apple Serviceberry          FC         Amelanchier x grandiflora “                   20-25‟     15‟ Z3/4 sweet tasty purplish black fruit
Autumn Brilliance           STL        Amelanchier canadensis      “                 20-25‟                 sweet, purplish, productive
Cherry Prinsepia            STL        Prinsepia sinensis                              6‟        6‟
                                                                   tolerates moderately alkaline soils      red to purple, cherry-like, edible fruit
Fergie                      STL        Amelanchier stolonifera     “                   5‟                   tasty
Honeywood                   STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  slightly tart, full flavor, productive
Nelson                      STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  med-large, few seeds, good tangy flavor
Northern Juneberry          OI         Amelanchier gaspensis       “                   4‟              -35 3/8” dark purple-black, tart
Northline                   STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  slightly pear shaped, full flavored, good sweet/tart balance
Pembina                     STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  full flavored, borne on long clusters
Prince William              STL        Amelanchier canadensis      “                  10‟                   abundant, high quality
Princess Diana              STL        Amelanchier canadensis      “                  20‟                   large, sweet, purplish-red, abundant
Regent                      STL, OI, FCAmelanchier alnifolia ‘Regent’                 4-6‟              Z2 high quality, dark slopes July
                                                                   slightly acid pH 5-7, thrives along stream beds and rockyblue
Robin Hill Juneberry        OI                                     “
                                       Amelanchier arborea Robin Hill Strains        20-40‟ 20-40‟ -35 quality, high yields
Shadblow Serviceberry       OI         Amelanchier canadensis      “                 20-40‟ 20-40‟ -30 not so tasty
Smoky                       STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  large, round, sweet, mild flavor
Success                     STL        Amelanchier canadensis      “                  6-8‟                  sweet, juicy, somewhat apple-like
Success Running ServiceberryOI         Amelanchier stolonifera     “                   4‟              -40 1/2”, dark purple
Thiessen                    STL        Amelanchier alnifolia       “                 6-10‟                  large, mild, pleasant
Tree Serviceberry           OI                                     “
                                       Amelanchier lamarckii (laevis x canadensis) 40‟+                -40 sweet, bright red, long clusters
Wild Juneberry/Serviceberry STL        Amelanchier alnifolia & canadensis         6-10‟/20-25‟
 Size Available        Cost         Bulk

      18-24”            $16 ea
        2-4‟              $13
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
        2-3‟             $6 ea       $50/10
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
  6-12”...18-24” $9,$12, $14 ea
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
1-3”...6-12”, 6-12” $3,$6,$8; $11
       6-12”      $4 ea, (25+)$1.85
     3-6”, 2-3‟       $8, $14 ea
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
   1-2”...18-24”      $3-$12 ea
       6-12”               $8       $120/20
       6-18”             $9 ea
        1-3‟             $6 ea       $50/10

Popular and used extensively for landscaping. Great flower and fruit production. Earliest of native trees to flower. Tolerates light shade, often found as an understory p
Natural hybrid of A. laevis and A. arborea. Covered with large white blossoms in spring which give way to showy sweet tasty purplish black fruit. Small foliage emerges
Beautiful white blossoms. Very productive. Fall foliage is a brilliant red-orange. Bark is a smooth light grey reminiscent of beech
Not a true cherry - dense, spiny shrub produces small yellow flowers in early spring, followed by red to purple, cherry-like, edible fruit. They can be eaten fresh or used i
Small in stature, not a heavy producer of suckers. Flowers a bit later than other varieties. Well adapted to more acid eastern soils. Bright fall color.
Flowers a bit later than other varieties, ripening over a longer period. Saskatchewan introduction by A.J. Porter
Multi-stemmed and compact. From Bradwell, Saskatchewan, 1974.
Full sun. Grows wild on shores of Lake Superior in purse sand. Extremely productive. Rare in cultivation. Similar to western Saskatoon in growth habit and berry prod
Freely suckering. Introduced in 1960 from Beaverlodge, Alberta
Bush upright, slightly spreading, w/ limited suckering. Introduced in 1952 from Beaverlodge, Alberta
Annual abundant crops and blooms. Brilliant fall color.
Abundant, „delightful‟ fruits. Large white blossoms and vibrant fall color.
Dwarf variety selected for high quality fruits. Self-pollinating. Most common variety in US. Generally considered the best ornamental cultivar. Compact, vigorous bush.
Good quality fruit and very high yields - up to 4 gallons of fruit. Nice tree form with yellow to red fall color. Light pink flower buds. Like a giant bird feeder
Good for landscape use. Transplants easily. Often found along streams and lakes. Reddish purple berries relished by birds. Multi-trunk large shrub or tree. Seed coll
Bush vigorous/spreading, forming many suckers. Selected in 1928, introduced in 1952 from Beaverlodge, Alberta.
Oldest known cultivar of Juneberry. Dating to 1868. Multi-stemmed shrub that will pollinate Autumn Brilliance.
Dwarf variety from Kansas. Thought to have originated in PA. Production good but not as heavy as Regent. Has a nice almond aftertaste when you chew the small see
Open-shaped bush with sprawling growth habit. Moderate suckering. Introduced 1976 from Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Fast growing hybrid between two native varieties. Original source - Hess Nursery. Fast growth rate. Fruit is attractive to birds.
At least 2 required for pollination. Unselected (wild-type) seedlings. Fruits, while smaller and less abundant than that of the selected Juneberry or „Saskatoon‟ varieties,
 found as an understory plant in oak-hickory woods.
it. Small foliage emerges purple and fades to coppery red and eventually to blue green. Fall turns a brilliant red-orange. Heavily branched, rounded form. Full sun to full shade and

n be eaten fresh or used in a jam. Grows easily into a hedge and used for shelterbelt plantings on Canadian prairies. Native to Manchuria, extremely hardy and drought tolerant. Spa

owth habit and berry production.

 Compact, vigorous bush. Best tasting at Oikos. Fragrant white flowers in early spring and large 1/3-1/2” blueberry like sweet purplish berries in July. Can be grown in a confined are

e shrub or tree. Seed collected from a highly productive tree in SW MI.

en you chew the small seeds. Dense white flowers in early April.

y or „Saskatoon‟ varieties, is very attractive to wildlife. AKA Shadblow, this native shrub/small tree, is the first to adorn the Spring landscape, bursting forth w/ a profusion of small whi
unded form. Full sun to full shade and anything in between. Soil adaptable.

emely hardy and drought tolerant. Space at 3-4‟

n July. Can be grown in a confined area, fruits easily protected from birds. Best for human consumption. Recommended for wild food enthusiasts who like blueberries - sweeter tha

rsting forth w/ a profusion of small white flowers. Fruit similar to a blueberry. Foliage is striking red splashed w/ yellow and orange. Highbush form (canadensis) best for eastern loca
asts who like blueberries - sweeter than blueberries. Can be used in the same way. Great for sauces, jams or pies - dried or fresh. Used by native peoples in western prairies to ma

orm (canadensis) best for eastern locations. Alnifolia 6-10‟, spaced at 3-4‟, canadensis 20-25‟ and spaced at least 6-8‟
ative peoples in western prairies to make pemmican. 10x the vitamin C of a blueberry. Thrives along stream beds and rocky slopes. Tolerates partial shade, salt, pollution and wet s
partial shade, salt, pollution and wet spots but not standing water. Needs sweating before planting to break dormancy. J. Canadian introduction. Developed in Regent, North Dakot
on. Developed in Regent, North Dakota. Native to North America.
    Hawthorn      Sourc        Latin      Heigh Hardi           Fruit             Size        Cost         Bulk Cost
                    e                       t   ness                            Available

Homestead         STL     Craetaegus mollis 15‟                                    2-4‟      $6 ea           $50/10

Rugosa Rose       STL    Rosa rugosa      3-6‟                                       1-3‟    $6.50 ea          $55/10
                                                  -50 large, mild flavored hips w/ extremely high vitamin C content.
Wentworth HighbushSTL
                         Viburnum trilobum6-10‟                                      3-4‟      $8 ea
Winterberry       STL    Ilex verticulata 6-8‟                                       1-2‟              $5.50 8
                                                                                    female $7 ea, male$60/10 eafemale, 2 male

Small tree - extremely hardy and attractive with long thorns, pretty spring flowers, ornamental fruit and brilliant fall color. Berries have long been used in herbal medicine

At least 2 required for pollination. A strong grower, blooms fragrantly throughout summer, producing large, mild flavored hips w/ extremely high vitamin C content. Hips
selection of the native highbush cranberry w/ less tartness to the fruit. Berries are bright red and borne in large clusters that are particularly ornamental against a backg
Winter Red - female. Jim Dandy - male. At least one female/one male required for pollination. Winterberry shows up best in late fall. A northern holly, it loses its leave
n used in herbal medicine, birds also enjoy them. Space at 15‟, or 6-8‟ as a hedge

h vitamin C content. Hips can be dried for tea, used for jam, jelly, syrup and sauces. Hardiest rose known - can withstand -50 with no damage. Space at 1-2‟ for a hedge.
namental against a background of winter white. Makes a great hedge
ern holly, it loses its leaves but produces scarlet red berries lasting well into winter, providing bird food during an otherwise scarce season. Boughs make wonderful winter decoration
 Space at 1-2‟ for a hedge.

ghs make wonderful winter decorations. Plant males 2-10‟ from females or 1 of each sex in the same hole to ensure pollination.
In recent years, Agriculture Research Stations have released many new "half-high" blueberries, making it
crops in Zone 3-4, where most of the standard highbush blueberry cultivars (Bluecrop, Berkeley, Earliblue) sus
winter injury. Seven of these new half- highs were bred using the Ashworth blueberry, which originated here at
shorter varieties, like Northsky, Northblue, and Putte, are readily covered by snowfall, which affords them
additional winter protection.
shorter varieties, like Northsky, Northblue, and Putte, are readily covered by snowfall, which affords them
additional winter protection.
The soil for good blueberry culture should be modified toward high acidity (pH 4.0-5.0). A heavy annual
will accomplish this, or, if more radical acidification is needed, plain sulfur will do the trick. Take time to test the
plants will be sickly if the soil is not acid enough. Since you will have to provide water and bird protection to the
patch rather than a long row. A good continuous water supply is a must (drip irrigation or overhead), especially
and ripening. Insufficient water results in small, poor quality berries. Screening for birds is also necessary. A tig
mesh should be used during the entire ripening period if you expect to get fruit.

Northsky and Putte may be set about 2 feet apart, Northblue, St. Cloud and Northcountry 3 feet, while
Bluegold, Chippewa, Friendship, Patriot and Polaris require 6 feet between plants. Northland should be
Spacing between rows should be 6 to 8 ft.

Most of the blueberry cultivars listed are self-fruitful. Chippewa and Polaris require a different variety
fruitful varieties, however, the fruit crop will be increased, and fruit size enhanced, by the presence of more tha

Time to Fruiting
Blueberries will bear some fruit the second year. They should be producing a good crop 4 years from
are fulfilled.
Lowbush blueberries - though fruits and plants are small, they have superior taste. Lustrous blue-green foliage in summer follo
bronze, orange and scarlet in fall. Grown in Maine long before Europeans came downeast, they are continually cultivated on t
blueberry land is burnt in spring to clear out weeds - a crop follows one year later. Berries are usually raked rather than pic
burning or raking are necessary. Plants should last at least 25-30 years. Native to the northeastern US.

Highbush blueberries - Vaccinium corymbosum are native to North America. They are easy to grow, productive, reliable and have fe
Plant several varieties so that harvest extends from July through much of August. Two varieties are required, three+ recomme
shallow rooted and like light acid soil (pH 4-5.2), plenty of water, good drainage and plenty of organic matter. Space at 3
acidity, add peat, wood humus or 1 cup elemental sulfur per bush.

Dig a hole at least twice the size of the root ball. If you use peat, soak it and mix with soil at a 1:1 ration. Plants req
growing season. On most soils blueberries require regular applications of Nitrogen. Something like 1/2-1 quart composted chick

Fruit is produced on vigorous one-year shoots off healthy canes. As canes age they become twiggy and less productive. Begin pr
back long pieces of new growth for a bushier plant. Cut out weak or dead canes and dead tips. Each bush should be allowed t
              back long pieces of new growth for a bushier plant. Cut out weak or dead canes and dead tips. Each bush should be allowed t
              from one to six years old. Thereafter, remove dead canes and those over 6 years old and encourage new replacement canes. Bus

          Self-fruitful. Space at 3-5‟. Easiest fruiting plants to grow in VT. Shade tolerant. (ER 1gal $15, 2 gal. $25, 3 gal. $35)

Self-fruitful. Space at 3-5‟. Easiest fruiting plants to grow in VT. Shade tolerant. (ER 1gal $15, 2 gal.
For best fruit production and pollination, plant two or more. More Vitamin C in fruits than orange or grapefruit. Ornamental and fruit bush. Tolerat
Berries great for pies, jam, juices and wine. Free from insect and disease problems. Space at 4-6‟. (STL plants come as roote
surface.) Old-timers in VT say they never get colds in the winter from sipping elderberry juice from the freezer. Easy to grow
recipe - good for all virus infections and a wonderful winter tonic. For each pint elderberry juice, add 2.5 cups sugar and 10 cloves. Dissolve suga
canning jars and lids. Fill jars with boiling syrup to lip, seal. For flu, colds or stomach viruses use 1-2 tablespoonfuls over ice

MI - 2 yr, 1-2’ plants $7.85 ea, $6.95/2+
Known in Canada as Saskatoons, breeders have worked with Juneberries since the early 1900s, breeding for quality of fruit, pr
spreading, open, vase shaped bushes. Height varies from 6 -10‟ (Amelanchier alnifolia) to 20-25‟ (Autumn Brilliance ). Some varieties will sucker, often
increases fruit production.

In the first season pay particular attention to watering and weeding. They are generally easier to grow than blueberries bec aus
of soils but prefer a loamy site with a ph of 6-7. Soils can be moist but not constantly wet. They are self -fertile but planting 1+ variety will enhance y
h" blueberries, making it possible for us to produce reliable
 crop, Berkeley, Earliblue) sustain frequent extensive
 erry, which originated here at St. Lawrence Nurseries. The
wfall, which affords them
wfall, which affords them

 5.0). A heavy annual application of pine needle mulch
he trick. Take time to test the pH of your soil; blueberry
ater and bird protection to the crop, plant a small bed or
ation or overhead), especially during fruit set, enlargement
 birds is also necessary. A tightly enclosed plastic or wire

 country 3 feet, while
 . Northland should be allowed 8 feet between plants.

e a different variety nearby for pollination. Even for self-
 by the presence of more than one variety in a planting.

 d crop 4 years from planting if their cultural requirements

  green foliage in summer followed by a combination of
 are continually cultivated on thousands of acres. Commercial
sually raked rather than picked to speed up harvesting. Neither

 w, productive, reliable and have few insect or disease problems.
 are required, three+ recommended for pollination. Shrubs are
ganic matter. Space at 3-6‟ in rows 8-10‟ apart. If soils are lacking

 1 ration. Plants require at least 1” water per week during the
          1 quart composted chicken manure per plant.

 ggy and less productive. Begin pruning after three years. Head
 Each bush should be allowed to grow 6-10 canes varying in age
 Each bush should be allowed to grow 6-10 canes varying in age
rage new replacement canes. Bushes with regular moderate

l. $25, 3 gal. $35)
Ornamental and fruit bush. Tolerates wet locations well, is productive and hardy and has lovely fall foliage.
s come as rooted cuttings - bury them with the green stem above the ground and the rest just below the
 Easy to grow. (ER 1gal $15, 2 gal. $25, 3 gal. $35) Big harvests. Songbirds love them. Elderberry Syrup
ugar and 10 cloves. Dissolve sugar in juice with cloves, bring to boiling. In another large pot, sterilize
         r ice - sip slowly. Recipe courtesy of Elizabeth Swain c/o St. Lawrence Nurseries
ality of fruit, production and size. Fruits hang in clusters from
. Some varieties will sucker, often considered desirable as it

berries because they don‟t require acid soils. Will tolerate a variety
        ng 1+ variety will enhance yields. Spacing - 4-5‟ (Fergie), 6-
 Raspberry Cultivars      Nursery         Latin     Colo       #      Hard              Fruit                     Ripening              Cost
                                                       r recomme ines
                                                             nded -     s
                                                            family of
Allen                    MI        Rubus spp.         BR               Z4 sweetest of all black raspberries, large, glossy black, firm, juicy and fine-flavored
Anne                     FC        Rubus spp.          R               Z4 yellow, large cohesive fruit with good flavor
                                                                                                            late                       $20/10
Autumn Bliss             STL       Rubus spp.          R                   large, firm                      early fall - late August-last week of September - extende
Autumn Britten Everbearing         Rubus spp.          R       25          red                              July                     (ERbelow)
Black hawk               ER        Rubus spp.         BR       12          black/purple                     August                   (ERbelow)
Boyne                    ER, STL Rubus spp.            R       25          red, med. size, good flavor July/summer                   (ERbelow)
Brandywine Purple        STL       Rubus spp.         BR              Z4/3 purple, large, tart, full flavor
Bristol Black Raspberry MI         Rubus spp.         BR               Z4 firm, can be handled w/o bleeding
Caroline Red EverbearingMI         Rubus spp.          R               Z4 rich flavor, large, conical       fall                $4.85 ea, $24.95/6
Chester Thornfree        MI        Rubus spp.         BB               Z5 tangy-tart flavor                                             $6.25
Everbearing Fall Red     MI        Rubus spp.          R                                                    mid-July/mid-August -$3.75 ea
                                                                       Z3 large, bright red, rich flavor and aroma                     frost
Fall Gold                MI        Rubus spp.       Gold               Z3 extra large, rich, golden, firm, sweet October
                                                                                                            July-late                 $3.75 ea
Fort Kent King           ER, FC    Rubus spp.         BB       12          black, 3/4-1” long, quality good-excellent
                                                                                                            September           $18.50/3(ERbelow)
Heritage                 MI        Rubus spp.                          Z3 large, bright red, firm                                     $3.75
                                                                                                            mid-July/early September ea
Illini                   MI        Rubus spp.         BB               Z4 shiny, black, wild taste          late July                 $6.25 ea
Jewel                    MI        Rubus spp.                          Z5 firm, juicy berries, glossy black color
Killarney                          Rubus spp.
                         STL, FC, MI                   R                                                                         $18.50/10; $30/25
                                                                       Z3 medium to large round crumbly fruit, excellent quality, lt-honey red, extremely sweet
                                                                                                            Summer, early
Latham                   ER, MI    Rubus spp.          R       25      Z3 red, good for freezing and canningmid-July                 (ERbelow)
Nova                     ER, FC    Rubus spp.          R       25      Z3 bright red, med.-size, firm somewhat acid $18.50/10; $30/25(ERbelow)
                                                                                                            July, midseason
Pequot                   STL       Rubus spp.         BR                   3/4”, flavorful, juicy, high quality
                                                                                                            early-mid July
Polana                   FC, ER    Rubus spp.          R       25                                            flavor         $18.50/10; $30/25(ERbelow)
                                                                       Z4 red, large, firm, w/ very good late August, early September
Prelude                  FC        Rubus spp.          R               Z4 firm, red, med-size               early-mid July       $18.50/10; $30/25
Redwing                  STL       Rubus spp.          R                   smaller, productive              begins as Autumn Bliss is ending.
Royalty Purple           FC, ER, MIRubus spp.          R       12                                           July, large, purple,$32/10;(ERbelow)
                                                                                                                                  flavor similar
                                                                      Z3/4 distinct flavor, cohesive, fairly firm,midseason-late season to black raspberry
Taylor                   MI        Rubus spp.          R               Z4 extremely flavorful, large conical, light red fruit, >1”, firm ea
                                                                                                            mid-July foe 3 weeks $3.75
Thimbleberry             OI        Rubus parviflorus R                 -40 light production                                             $8 ea
Triple Crown Thornless MI          Rubus spp.         BB                                                      tart
                                                                       Z5 excellent flavor, large, sweet,mid-late July                $6.25 ea
Yellow Raspberry         OI        Rubus occidentalis YR
                                                      flava            -30 1/2”, bright yellow, all along 2 yr canes                    $6 ea

  The ruby red and golden yellow cultivated raspberries are native to North America, Europe and Asia. They are usually identified as R. ideaus or R. id
  stirgosus. Hyland and Steinmetz‟s Trees and Other Woody Plants of Maine lists 53 different Rubus species and subspecies. Everbearing
  or primocanes. Summer-bearing cultivars bear on 2nd-year canes or floricanes. Harvest leaves for medicinal use from 1st year canes. A leaf and
  very high in minerals and the leaf tea makes a great tonic for both uterus and prostate.
Self fruitful - does not need a pollinator. As much as possible, try to start with plants that are „clean‟/free of virus. Many viruses affect raspberries and
various extents throughout the country. When starting cuttings, take care not to plant them too deeply. Ensure that the living (green or white) buds n
not buried. New growth emerges from these buds - thus they should be right at the surface so light can reach them. The cane ma
top of the cane is unimportant as compared to the buds near its base.

Cane fruits have shallow perennial roots and biennial fruiting canes. They prefer full sun, good air circulation and well-drained soil, rich in organic ma
5.8-6.2. Avoid soils where tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, strawberries or wild brambles have grown because they are all subject to verticillium wilt, wh
in the soil. Plant rows 6-12‟ apart to facilitate cultivation. Before planting work 15 bushels dry manure or 10 fresh per 100 square feet (Fedco). A we
last 10-20 years.

Be sure each hole is large enough to spread out the roots. Do not allow fine roots to dry out. Plant 1-2” deeper than in the nursery and then cut cane

Space 1-2‟ apart, 6-8‟ rows; 3-4‟ for blacks and purples, 10‟ rows. Better to plant in rows than in a patch. They will sucker making new plants by send
from the roots. Mulching will encourage suckering, so it may be desirable not to mulch between rows. Prune out old and dead canes each year to ke
manageable. If plants show signs of virus after several years, dig up new shoots and start them in another location. Raspberries prefer slightly acid s
lots of organic matter (leaves, manure). Cane fruits should be trellised between two temporary or permanent wires about 3-4‟ off the ground and 18
with a thick layer of woodchips or sawdust. Fertilize liberally each spring w/ up to 100 lbs manure or compost, 8 lbs bloodmeal or 14 lbs cottonseed m
(Fedco). Plants require 2” water per week during the growing season.

Summer bearing varieties - space 2‟ apart. After harvest, prune fruit bearing canes to the ground, or remove them the following spring. Thin the fresh
to about 3-4” apart. They will bear fruit next year. During the growing season cut back canes to 5‟ if they are bending over severely.

Purple and black raspberries - plant in hills 3‟ apart. Basic pruning is same as for summer varieties. As they fill in, thin to 5-8 canes per hill. During t
summer, pinch back tip of first year canes to 2.5-3‟ tall. This will encourage lateral fruiting branches. These will need very little, if any support and ma
trellising. In the following spring, cut these fruiting laterals back to 8-12 buds

Everbearing - Plant 9-15” apart. Cut all canes to the ground in late fall after leaves drop or in early spring. First year canes will fruit in late fall after le
early spring; first year canes will fruit in mid-late summer

Most red raspberries bear summer and fall crops. The first in July on 2 year canes. The late crop is borne on 1 year canes and may come any time f
through November. If selecting for a fall crop, choose one that bears before freezing weather (ie. - Redwing and Autumn Bliss)

Brandywine and Pequot have the growth habit of a black raspberry - they don‟t spread by layering like reds - tend to stay put. Canes are longer with
thorns and tend to want to bend down and layer. Tie them to a trellis or wire support.

(ER prices - $10 ea - buy 5 get 1 free. Boyne, Nova, Latham, Polana and Autumn Britten available bareroot in bundles of 25, for
(STL prices Red - 12-18” rooted cuttings $3.50 ea, $35 per dozen - max of 2 different varieties per dozen. Purple and black
ea, $45/12)

           One of the sweetest and highest quality berries yet produced. Virus free, vigorous grower, producing large crops annually. Plant breeders at the NY Experimental Statio
           Flavorful everbearing yellow raspberry, ripens earlier than Kiwigold and is actually yellow, not a washed-out pink. Large cohesive fruit with good flavor. Tall rangy produ
           Very early fall bearer, extended harvest season. Fruits ship well and are good for processing. Resistant to mosaic virus. US Plant Patent #6597 East Malling, England

           Canes grow to 5‟. Vigorous, erect and sturdy. Berries do not weigh down canes - they stay clean and are easy to pick w/o use of a support or trellis. Reliable cropper, v
           Cross between red and black raspberry. Less invasive and „stays put‟ where it is planted. Thorns are widely spaced and larger than red raspberries. Hilton x NY631 NY
           Highly productive and virus free. Canes have an upright growth form and cluster formation - fruits are easy to pick.
           Earlier production than other varieties of everbearers. Fruits high in Vitamin A, E and C. Ripening begins1-2 weeks earlier than Heritage and has shown more tolerance
           Fruits are near replicas of Illini, except for flavor. Stems and canes completely free of thorns. Fruits ripen a bit ahead of Illini. Excellent for fresh use, jam and baking. P
           Vigorous grower - first crop usually ready in mid-July. Fall crop begins mid-August and continues to frost. Everbearing variety. Developed by New Hampshire Universit
           Vigorous, productive, very sweet and flavorful. One parent is an exotic wild berry from the mountains of Korea, the other is Taylor - resulting seedling was crossed w/ a
           Extremely hardy blackberry of commercial potential. Canes are very productive, thorny and may tend to crawl during the first years. They will eventually stand erect. Sp
           One of the most outstanding everbearing varieties on the market. Vigorous upright canes that do not require staking. Summer crop matures in early July and fall crop b
           Abundant crops. Taste like wild blackberries. Few lateral canes, easy to maintain in limited areas. Developed and patented by the University of Illinois.
           Abundant mid-season crops. Recommended for both home and garden growers. Virus free
           Long season. Excellent for pick your own, freezing and processing. Virus free. Summer bearing cultivar ripens after Prelude and before Nova. Sister of Boyne but firm
           Very heavy bearer, very hardy, adaptable to different soil types. Not as perishable as other varieties, it‟s easier to pick w/o crushing.
           upright productive minimally spiny canes produce long fruiting laterals which make the fruit easy to pick. Midseason red introduced relatively recently. Appears to be ha
           Hardiest known black raspberry. Vigorous grower. Seem to do well under and around black walnuts. Parentage unknown
           Very early fruiting everbearing red raspberry. Very vigorous and productive short canes. Easy to pick - berries hang from the tops of plants. Suckers freely. Should rip
           The best berry for early-season fresh eating. Fruits well over two full weeks. Productive. Fruits easy to see and pick. Can be grown as a primocane type of floricane ty
           Incredibly productive. Begins ripening as Autumn Bliss is ending. Smaller than Autumn Bliss, softer. Doesn‟t .. as well as Autumn Bliss but yields more abundantly. Tw
           Distinctly flavored cohesive fairly firm large berries make outstanding jam and jelly and even better fresh eating. Flavor w/ a hint of black raspberry. Extremely robust m
           The most flavorful red raspberry you can grow.‟. Heavy producer. Hardy, vigorous, virus free.
           Ideal in light shade. No cultivated raspberry duplicates the flavor. Used primarily for jams and jellies but can be eaten fresh. Seeds add a crunchy texture. Plant 2 or m
           Semi-erect with large semi-gloss berries - good choice for „pick your own‟ gardens.
           Identical to wild black except fruit is a bright yellow. Flavor is similar but milder. Will tip layer (opportunistic). No disease or insect problems. True to type from seed. T

        ied as R. ideaus or R. ideaus var
     Everbearing types bear on first year canes
rom 1st year canes. A leaf and fruit vinegar is
  viruses affect raspberries and are found to
        (green or white) buds near the root are
The cane may put out leaves or die back, but the

       ed soil, rich in organic matter with pH of
all subject to verticillium wilt, which may persist
      square feet (Fedco). A well-kept patch can

       ursery and then cut canes off at ground

     making new plants by sending out canes
          canes each year to keep them
          es prefer slightly acid soil (pH 5) and
      4‟ off the ground and 18-36” apart. Mulch
          or 14 lbs cottonseed meal per 100‟ row

          spring. Thin the fresh first year canes

       8 canes per hill. During the early
     little, if any support and may not require

   es will fruit in late fall after leaves drop, or in

           may come any time from August

         Canes are longer with wider spaced

bundles of 25, for $75. Only available April-

ple and black - 12-18” rooted cuttings $4.50
he NY Experimental Station crossed Bristol w/ the old variety Cumberland to get this berry.
d flavor. Tall rangy productive plant may sucker less than other everbearing types. Mulching or adding organic matter to the soil will encourage more suckering which should improve
97 East Malling, England

 trellis. Reliable cropper, very hardy. Fruit great for freezing. Chief x Indian summer - Morden, Manitoba
 erries. Hilton x NY631 NY Ag. Expt Sta Geneva, NY

has shown more tolerance for root rot. Heavy bearer, vigorous grower.
sh use, jam and baking. Plants do not sucker but do best when held upright w/ stakes.
New Hampshire University.
eedling was crossed w/ a sister of Fall Red.
eventually stand erect. Space at 3-4‟ in good soil with lots of sun. They enjoy good air drainage but do not like desiccating winter wind. Stake if necessary. Cut out dead canes each
n early July and fall crop begins ripening early September continuing until frost. Fall crop is of exceptional quality. Developed by the NYS Experimental Station in Geneva, NY.

 . Sister of Boyne but firmer in texture and brighter in color. Sturdy 4' canes. Yields consistently. Extremely hardy. Medium size canes, taller than Boyne. Bees prefer these to all o

ecently. Appears to be hardier than Boyne w/ fruit quality as good as or better. (Southland x Boyne) Kentville, Nova Scotia, 1981.

 uckers freely. Should ripen in late August or early September in northern districts. (Heritage x Zeva Herbsternte) Research Inst. of Pomology and Floriculture, Brzezna, Poland, 199
mocane type of floricane type. Suckers freely. NY 1009. NY St. Exp Stn.
elds more abundantly. Two weeks ahead of Heritage. Heritage x Fallred U of MN
 erry. Extremely robust minimally suckering plants are very productive and open-formed. Berries are convenient and easy to pick. Ready to harvest when deep purple, somewhat la

 chy texture. Plant 2 or more. Thornless canes spread by underground rhizomes and eventually extend across a large area.          Higher production in cold areas. Native to MI and Japa

True to type from seed. Tolerates light shade and is still productive. Easy to grow in a variety of soils. Great for jams and pies.
e more suckering which should improve yield. Like other everbearing types, cut it right down to the ground after the season. JEF-b1 (Amity x Glen Garry)

f necessary. Cut out dead canes each year. Head back the plants during the summer to a manageable height. They will grow to 6‟+. Plant explorer Garfield King of Fort Kent, in no
rimental Station in Geneva, NY.

han Boyne. Bees prefer these to all others. Tends to bear in clusters that weigh down the canes - support recommended. Summer bearing. Chief x Indian summer - Morden Statio

and Floriculture, Brzezna, Poland, 1991.

arvest when deep purple, somewhat later than reds. Does not like wet soil. Disease and insect resistant, including „raspberry aphid‟. (Cumberland x Newburgh) x (Newburgh x Indian

 n in cold areas. Native to MI and Japan.
plorer Garfield King of Fort Kent, in northernmost ME, introduced this berry to Fedco in the late 1990s. He had found it years earlier on an abandoned farm in central Aroostook. Unk

Chief x Indian summer - Morden Station, Manitoba 1961.

and x Newburgh) x (Newburgh x Indian Summer) NY Stn. 1982.
ndoned farm in central Aroostook. Unknown parentage. Aroostook County, ME
 Siberian Pea   Nurser        Latin                      Soils                 Height      Har                    Fruit
                  y                                                                        dine
Pea Shrub       STL, FCCaragana arborescens                                 10-12‟, 15-20‟ Z2 pods and peas - eaten raw taste like garden peas, though not as s
                                         adaptable to poor soils, drought, salt
    Size          Cost         Bulk
  Available                    Cost

2-3‟; 6-12” (FC)$6 ea; $9 (FC) $50/10

At least two required for pollination. A member of the legume family, this shrub is n-fixing, extremely hardy and a precocious producer of small podded peas about the s
ucer of small podded peas about the size of elderberries. Upright multistemmed oval shrub well suited to windbreaks, hedges and borders. Delicate yellow flowers in spring are follo
elicate yellow flowers in spring are followed by small seed pods that turn a golden yellow. Peas are reportedly 36% protein and could be used for flour, sprouts or animal (particularly
or flour, sprouts or animal (particularly chicken) feed. May be kept shorter by pruning. Adaptable to poor soils, drought, salt. Full sun, maintenance free. Easy to grow, just put them
nce free. Easy to grow, just put them in and let them go. Space at 8-15‟, or 4-6‟ for a hedge. Native to Siberia and Manchuria
 Buffaloberry   Nurser         Latin                 Soils           Heigh Sprea Hard                  Fruit                     Size         Cost
                  y                                                    t     d   ines                                         Available
Buffaloberry    STL      Shepherdia argentea
                                          tolerant of dry and high pH8-12‟            Small berry, great for jams and jellies 1-2‟         $5.50 ea
Sakakawea SilverOI                        dry,
                         Shepherdia argentia rocky                    15‟   15‟                                                   3-4”
                                                                                  -35 1/4”, red/yellow, single seed, high in vit C, similar to seaberry
                                                                                                                                             $4 ea

Attractive, silver leaves. Excellent for hedges. Extremely hardy, N-fixing, drought tolerant - high pH tolerant. Space 2-3' for a hedge. Plants are male/female and not s
Native western prairie shrub. Grows naturally on hillsides, pasture edges and roads in dry rocky soil. Fruit makes a good tasting jelly - like red currants. Tart but not as
re male/female and not sexed so it's best to plant several to ensure pollination. At least two required for pollination.
 currants. Tart but not astringent when fully ripe. Prolific fruit - bends boughs „gracefully‟. Dioecious. Variety comes from Morden, Manitoba - noted for vigorous growth and survival
noted for vigorous growth and survival in field plantings.
  Sea Buckthorn    Nurser         Latin        Heigh Hard      Fruit       Ripening       Size        Cost
                     y                            t   ines                              Available
Wild (Unsexed)      STL                        10-12‟
                            Hippophae rhamnoides                         September            2‟      $5 ea
Harvest Moon - Fe STL                          10-12‟
                            Hippophae rhamnoides                         September           1-2‟   $11.50 ea
Orange September - Fe                          10-12‟
                            Hippophae rhamnoides                         September           1-2‟   $11.50 ea
Male Sea Buckthorn STL                         10-12‟
                            Hippophae rhamnoides                                              2‟    $11.50 ea

Sea Berry          MI                         8-10‟                       late summer/fall
                                                      Z3 prolific, bright orange                    $21.65 ea

Plant several to ensure pollination and fruiting
From Prairie provinces of Canada. Fewer thorns, compact growth, easier picking. Plant w/ a male or several wild-type, unsexed plants
Also from Canada. Higher sugar content (13.7 brix). Plant with a male or several wild-type, unsexed plants
A sexed male to ensure a beautiful set of berries on females. They are little, but vigorous. Will pollinate all sea buckthorn within 50-100‟

Requires a pollinator. Well adapted to most soils, not bothered by pests or diseases. Does best in full to 1/2 day sun in well drained soil. Extremely high in Vitamins C,
emely high in Vitamins C, A and E. Native to Siberia. Single shrubs produce up to 25lbs fruit. Squeeze, sweeten and make juice from them.
Bright orange berries clustered close to the stem, beautiful silver-grey foliage and long thorns characterize this small, tree/shrub. Aka „Cberski An
high in vitamins C and E. Extremely hardy and drought tolerant, they will grow on saline and alkaline soils. Wild type plants
fruiting. Space at 6-8‟ or less. Sexed varieties include Harvest Moon, Orange September and Male Sea Buckthorn.

STL - bulk package - 2 Harvest Moon, 2 Orange September, 1 Male $50
 small, tree/shrub. Aka „Cberski Ananas‟ or „Siberian pineapple‟. Berries are astringent but are
ld type plants are male or female and not sexed - thus, plant several to ensure pollination and
    Strawberry    Nursery         Latin              Soils       Hardi                    Fruit                       Ripening              Cost
     Cultivars                                                   ness
Annapolis         MI        Fragaria                              Z4      glossy, early, red, plump, firm, tender                         see below
Berries Galore    OI        Fragaria                              -30     wild taste                              early summer/fall           $7 ea
Cavendish         ER, MI    Fragaria                              Z4      excellent flavor, all purpose           June                    (ERbelow)
Earliglow         FC, MI    Fragaria                              Z3                                                                      $12.50/50
                                                                          med-size, best for fresh eating and freezing, glossy, firm, excellent flavor for an early berry
                                                                                                                  early June!
Everest           ER        Fragaria                                      large, red, excellent flavor, firm      everbearing             (ERbelow)
Honeoye           FC, MI    Fragaria                               Z3/4                                           a long fruiting season, $12.50/50w/ tart flavor, excellen
                                                                          large, conic bright red, produced over early-mid June           firm flesh
Intensity         OI        Fragaria vesca                          -30   larger, rich, full flavor               2 week period       $4 ea (25+) $1.40
Jewel             FC        Fragaria                                Z4                                                                     slight aromatic
                                                                          large bright red, glossy perfectly shaped fruit, firm sweet and $12.50/50
Kelly‟s Blanket   OI                          sand
                            Fragaria virginiana                     -30   delicious, pea-sized berries                                 $3 ea (25+) $.90
Northeaster       MI        Fragaria          moderately heavy Z4         firm, bight, aromatic, red                                      see below
Ozark Beauty      MI        Fragaria                                Z4    tasty, deep red, firm                                           see below
Pretty in Pink    OI        Fragaria                                      med. size, light production             spring/late fall            $4 ea
Seascape          FC        Fragaria                                Z4                                                                    $17.25/50
                                                                          med-long conic high-yielding firm productive reliable fruit w/ bright red color and excellent fla
Sparkle           ER, FC, MIFragaria          tolerates heavy soils Z3                                             soft, mid-late $12.50/50(ERbelow)
                                                                          med. size, excellent flavor, THE berry,June, delicious fresh, excellent for jams and freezing
Surecrop          MI        Fragaria                                Z4    deep red, rich, sweet                                           see below
Temptation        OI        Fragaria          enriched, part shade        excellent‟ flavor                       spring/fall                 $4 ea
Tribute           ER, MI    Fragaria                                Z4    med. size, excellent flavor             everbearing             (ERbelow)
Tristar           MI        Fragaria                                Z4    rich, firm skin, glossy, deep red surface, solid interiors
                                                                                                                  everbearing             see below
Woodland          OI        Fragaria vesca                                1/4-1/2”, tart                                                      $4 ea

Hardy early variety.
Plants do not runner, so they divert energy into berry production. Flowers produced above foliage. Medium sized berries ripen in early summer, second smaller crop in
Easy to establish. Produces crops weeks longer than other Junebearers. Bountiful crops. Highly resistant to red stele. Good choice for u-pick, roadside markets and h
Vigorous grower. Great in flavor and an early bearer. Resistant to red stele and verticillium wilt. Considerably more productive in southern New England (than northern
Bears nice crops over a long season, potted only.
Best known for its taste. „Stings with so much flavor, it makes you smack your lips.‟ Tough, hardy, vigorous, extremely productive and easy to grow. Fruits large, conic
Ripens over a two week period. Excellent shade tolerance. Leaves deep green. Taller growing than most. Long term production - Oikos - every year for 15. Good run
Keeps its size all season. Extremely popular w/ commercial growers. Good freezing quality. Low incidence of fruit rots and foliar diseases. Not resistant to verticillium
Vigorous groundcover, quickly producing a dense mat of runners. Has vibrant flowers that grow above the foliage. Easily controlled w/o fear of it „taking over‟. Central
Bred to meet needs of cold climate growers looking for vigor in heavy soils. Possesses the best characteristics of Earliglow including large crops.
Abundant crops from spring til snow flies. After June crops, berries usually ripen from late July to mid-August - production continues until frost. Millers suggest holding
Pink flowers stand above glossy foliage. Light fruit production, med. size.
Produces over a very long season. Everbearing day-neutral strawberry sets flower buds regardless of day length, fruiting all summer into fall. Remove flower buds for t
First fruit set is large, the rest are small. Good season extender. So bright fruits sparkle on the vine. Not a favorite w/ commercial growers due to moderate crop size a
USDA pick the name because it is most descriptive of the berry. Experts say you‟ll be more sure of an above average yield from Surecrop than any other Junebearer. B
An „ever‟bearing type, crossed with Alpine, producing excellent flavored fruit. Good production in spring, light crop in fall. Glossy foliage. Part shade.
Blooms and sets fruit without regard to the length of days and nights. 1st crop in early spring, additional crops ready at about 6 week intervals. Also, „drop off‟ in berry s
Heavy crops in very early spring, lighter summer crops about every six weeks in hot weather and increased size berries in late summer and fall. Plants are medium heig
Found in oak-hickory woodlands throughout North America. Seedlings grown from „Intensity‟ variety. Southwest MI genotype.
r, second smaller crop in fall.
k, roadside markets and home gardens. All purpose. Does very well in Quebec
w England (than northern). MDUS 3861 [MDUS 2359 (Fairland x Midland)] x [MD2713 (Redglow x Surecrop)] Maryland Ag Exp Stn, 1966

 grow. Fruits large, conic bright red, produced over a long fruiting season, firm flesh w/ tart flavor. One week before Jewel. Probably the most popular commercial berry in the North
ery year for 15. Good runner production - thick berry bed and crowns that produce well after 5 years. Southern MI genotype
ot resistant to verticillium or red stele. NY 1324 [(Senga Sengana x NY E-58) x Holiday] NY Station 1985.
f it „taking over‟. Central MI genotype

 Millers suggest holding runners to 2-3. Fewer runners mean larger berries and total yields will be bigger. So productive that more than 200 blossoms, buds and berries have been

Remove flower buds for the first six weeks after planting and you‟ll still get a crop the first year. Broad resistance to fungal diseases. Somewhat susceptible to common leaf spot and
e to moderate crop size and smaller berries, flavor is best described as the „essence of strawberry‟. The berry if you want to eat the perfect strawberry. Heirloom variety, best for jam
n any other Junebearer. Berries hold well on vines or picked. Ideal canner.

 Also, „drop off‟ in berry size really doesn‟t happen. In late summer and fall, fruits increase in size and quality. In mild climates, test planting have yielded crops as late as Thanksgivi
. Plants are medium height and easy to pick. Resistant to red stele and Verticillium wilt.
popular commercial berry in the Northeast. Less susceptible to berry rot than most varieties. Plant in well-drained soil to avoid red stele. Susceptible to verticillium wilt. The „freezer

ossoms, buds and berries have been counted on a single plant.

at susceptible to common leaf spot and two-spotted spider mite. CN 49. Developed by Royce Bringhurst, U Cal Davis, 1991.
awberry. Heirloom variety, best for jam and freezing. Resistant to most strains of red stele. Blooms late and is rarely affected by spring frost. (Fairfax x Aberdeen) NJ Ag Exp Stn, 1

ve yielded crops as late as Thanksgiving. Disease resistant (5 races of red stele root rot and Verticillium wilt). Bears over a long season. Born from Rocky Mt. ancestry.
eptible to verticillium wilt. The „freezer filler‟ of the strawberry patch. NY 1409 (Vibrant x Holiday) NY Station 1979.

(Fairfax x Aberdeen) NJ Ag Exp Stn, 1942.

n from Rocky Mt. ancestry.
 Ground Covers   Nurser   Latin   Soils   Height   Spread   Hardiness   Fruit   Ripening
Bearberry        ER
Am Cranberry     ER
Bunchberry Dogwood R
Longonberry      ER
Wintergreen      ER
Years to     Size      Cost   Description
Fruiting   Available
No one knows where the common name strawberry originated, though speculation has it that it comes from the practice of putting s
on while they sample fruit and catch up. Technically not berries or fruits, strawberries are enlarged fleshy receptacles. The fruits are the tiny embedded
actually achenes which have seeds in them). Modern strawberries, developed about 1830 are a hybrid of F. chiloensis (native to Chile) and

Royce Bringhurst of UC-Davis developed day-neutral strawberries from wild plants found in Utah‟s Wasatch Mtns. He crossed these
introduced the first day-neutrals in 1980.

50 plants will plant from 50-100‟. Plant 12” apart, rows 2-3‟ apart. 25 plants could fill 3, 10‟ rows. (ER 5” stocky plants $4.95 ea, trays of 8 pots $35. B
May only - $12.50/bundle of 25)

Miller‟s - $8.55/25; $14.45/50; $26.85/100; $61.95/250; $115.35/500 - No less than 25 of any one variety. Space at 1-2‟
  - everbearing varieties - Tribute, Tristar, Ozark Beauty - $8.95/25; $15.55/50; $29.85/100; $69.25/250.... - No less than 25 of any one variety

Keep cold or refrigerate between arrival and planting. Strawberries require good air drainage, well-drained fertile soil w/ pH of 5.8-
where tomatoes, peppers or potatoes have grown in the past 4 years. Plant at the same depth as in the nursery, with the middle of the crown at soil lev
1” water per week during April, My, August, September and October. Mulch w/ hay or straw in late fall to protect plants over winter. In the spring, pull m
place between rows where it will keep fruit dry and clean during the summer. It can be raked back over the plants if frost threatens flower buds.
June Bearing Strawberries
Matted Row system - set plants 12-24” apart in rows 3‟ apart. Allow them to produce runners freely and fill in the row. Remove all flowers the 1st year.
second summer. Immediately after harvest, fertilize liberally w/ compost or aged manure and renovate the row. By hand or w/ a tiller, narrow the row to
plants to 4-5” apart within the row. By this method a bed can last about 5 years. Then plow under and start again.

Day-Neutral Strawberries (like Seascape)
These flower regardless of day length as long as temps are between 35 and 85 and produce fruit from June to October. They are u
per plant the first year and slightly less the second year. Productivity peaks in August the first year. The second year, berry size decreases in the hotte
increases in cooler weather. They are heavy feeders and benefit from 3-4” manure worked 4-6” into the soil prior to planting and monthly side
the season. Plant 6-12” apart. Mulch heavily immediately after planting. Remove flowers for the first 6 weeks and remove all runners the first season.
Side-dress with manure monthly during the 2nd season beginning in May. Begin fresh after the second year.
ice of putting straw down between rows for pickers to sit
        fruits are the tiny embedded „seeds‟ (they are
  (native to Chile) and F. virginiana (native to North

e crossed these w/ modern commercial varieties and

   4.95 ea, trays of 8 pots $35. Bareroot (April to mid-

        of any one variety

       of 5.8-6.2, thick mulch and full sun. Avoid soils
          le of the crown at soil level. They require 3/4-
          nter. In the spring, pull mulch off plants and
        atens flower buds.
. Remove all flowers the 1st year. Harvest berries the
        a tiller, narrow the row to 12” wide. Thin

 er. They are uncommonly productive - about 1lb fruit
       y size decreases in the hottest weather and
planting and monthly side-dressing manure throughout
           runners the first season. Mulch in late fall.
       Perennials         Nurser         Latin                Soils            Height         Spread       Hard            Fruit             Ripening
                             y                                                                             ines
Asparagus                 ER      Asparagus officinalis
Asparagus - Jersey SupremeFC      Asparagus officinalis                                                      Z4   larger-diameter, tender early
Asparagus - Mary Washington       Asparagus officinalis                                                      Z3
Asparagus - Purple PassionFC, MI Asparagus officinalis                                                       Z4   Very large, deep purple, w/ creamy white interior, Swe
Asparagus - SuperMale     MI      Asparagus officinalis                                                      Z3   tender, green 3/4”+ diameter
Asparagus - Very Wild     OI      Asparagus officinalis                                                     -30   smaller, but richer flavor
Comfrey                   ER
Daylilies                 ER
Ginger                    ER
Groundnut                 OI      Apios americana                          10-25‟/season
                                                        moist, well-drained loam                            -30   2-4” diameter, 2-4” long
Horseradish               ER, MI Armoracia                                                                   Z3
Horseradish - Big Top     FC      Armoracia rusticana rich                                                   Z3   leaves and root
J Choke - Red Rover       OI      Helianthus tuberosus                     12‟           quickly by rhizomes      1” diameter, up to 6” long, smooth, red
J Choke - Stampede        OI      Helianthus tuberosus                                                            up to 1/2lb ea            September
J. Chokes                 ER
Rhubarb                   ER      Rheum rhabarbarumpH 6.0
Rhubarb - Canada Red      STL     Rheum rhabarbarumpH 6.0                                                         Stems shorter and more slender than many seedling t
Rhubarb - MacDonald       STL     Rheum rhabarbarumpH 6.0                                                         good red color, excellent for pies, canning and freezin
Rhubarb - Valentine       STL, MI Rheum rhabarbarumpH 6.0                                                    Z4   Large, thick red stalks w/ good productivity - sweet,no
Rhubarb - „MacDonald‟     FC      Rheum rhabarbarumpH 6.0                                                    Z3   extremely vigorous productive upright large tender sta
Wintergreen               ER

         Rhubarb‟s hardiness, ease of growth, high annual yield and many uses (drinks, jam, preserves and pies) make it a favorite of nor
         true to type. They are very hardy for the northern US and Canada. Annual applications of heavy mulch and slightly acid soil (~ pH 6.0) will resu
         the top of the root division level with the surface in well prepared well drained rich slightly acid soil (pH 5.5-6.5) with a bushel of well
         established, fertilize liberally w/ manure and compost every spring as it‟s a heavy feeder. Harvest for four weeks two years after planting. Ther
         year. Never remove more than 2/3 of the stalks from a plant. Every ten years or so, divide plants in early spring, leaving about 1/3 of the crown
         pieces and replant.

         Asparagus requires fertile soil with pH 6.8-7.2 and high levels of phosphorous. It doesn‟t like weeds. Plant as soon as possible (after receiving
         worked). Space at 14-18”, 6-10” deep in trenches 4‟ apart. Or dig trenches somewhat deeper and fill the bottom w/ 4” compost a
         soil. Plants emerge very slowly. As young shoots grow, add soil gradually, just covering the shoots until the trench is full. In late fall, remove d

         Second summer - add lime, rock fertilizers and Nitrogen as needed - control weeds but don‟t injure crowns
         Later years - same routine but increase fertilizer. Be sure to leave some spears each year to grow stalks that support the roots and give more s
         free, mulch heavily.
free, mulch heavily.
New research shows asparagus can be selectively harvested for 2 weeks during the second growing season, for 4 weeks in the th
              Years      Size            Cost              Bulk Cost
               to      Available

                       1 yr crows      $14/25
                                     $11.65/25           $34.45/100...
                       1yr crowns $14/25; $12.85/10     $41.25/50..., MI
                           1 yr     $11.95/10....
                                  $3 ea (25+)$1.20

                       1 gal pots        $6 ea
                                                     $5.85/5, $10.35/10 - MI
                        1# roots         $11/5
                        7 tubers         $7 ea
  September             7 tubers         $7 ea

                2     root divisions      $5 ea      $25/6 (2 each variety))
                2     root divisions      $5 ea      $25/6 (2 each variety))
                2     root divisions $5 ea; $7.45 ea $25/6 (2 each variety))
                2       1# crowns         $10/2

favorite of northern gardeners. When sold as root divisions, varieties are
           (~ pH 6.0) will result in a lovely patch. Plant like a bulb - place
     shel of well-rotten manure or compost under each crown. Once
            ter planting. Thereafter you can harvest for 8-10 weeks each
           ut 1/3 of the crown in place. Cut up the remainder into fist-sized

n as possible (after receiving the order and once the ground can be
/ 4” compost and rotted manure. Lay plants with crown up and cover w/ 2”
        In late fall, remove dead stalks and mulch w/ 3” manure.

ort the roots and give more spears the next year. Keep the bed weed
weeks in the third and a full season thereafter. Before the 3rd or 4th

              A spring staple for well over 2000 years, thought to have originated around the Mediterranean Sea, perhaps in Asia Minor. The pharaohs, Greeks and Romans were all
              Disease resistant. Space at 12-18”
              Purple asparagus is actually a type of „white‟ asparagus shown the light. Sweeter and less stringy than its green counterparts - you can use more of the spear. Tender
              The only certified 80-85% male. Reduces seeds and volunteers to a minimum. Yields 2-5 times more spears than other varieties. Resists rust, root/crown rot and fusa
              Naturalized selection with a fuller flavor than cultivated varieties. Disease and insect free. Smaller in diameter than cultivated types. Good diuretic and helps with prote

            N-fixing perennial. Produces wisteria like fragrant reddish pea blossoms that form an edible bean. Tubers 16% protein. Easy to cultivate and yields generously. Use a
10.35/10 - MI
            Exceptionally vigorous perennial w/ large dock-like leaves and spicy hot roots, savored for centuries for its culinary and medicinal qualities. Leaves can be cooked as gr
            Fast growing and spreading. Tubers are „knobless‟ and thus easy to clean.
            Productive. Flowers and matures early. Flowers in July, tubers ready in September. Tubers white in color.

              Introduced in CA - very popular. Stems shorter and more slender than many seedling types - very tender w/ high quality and good red color
              Highly productive, extremely vigorous and wilt resistant. Good red color, excellent for pies, canning and freezing
              One of the newer, more intensely colored rhubarbs. Large, thick red stalks w/ good productivity - sweet,not tough or stringy. Much less acid than green stalked and oth
              MacDonald College, Quebec. Ben Franklin may have been the first to introduce rhubarb to North America. In 1770, while in England, he sent „some of the true Rhubar

ns, varieties are
 own. Once
10 weeks each
der into fist -sized

p and cover w/ 2”

he bed weed
e 3rd or 4th
pharaohs, Greeks and Romans were all aware of its highly nutritious qualities and flavor. The earliest known American horticultural ad, from March 1719, is for “English Sparrow-gras

ou can use more of the spear. Tender enough to eat raw in salads, turns green when cooked. The whole spear can be cooked w/o wasting the butt. Developed from the Italian heir
s. Resists rust, root/crown rot and fusarium. Lives almost forever. Early, extremely vigorous
pes. Good diuretic and helps with protein conversion into amino acids

 cultivate and yields generously. Use a sturdy 7‟ trellis or fence for support. You can leave tubers in the ground overwinter - they will resprout in spring. Harvest in fall after the vine

l qualities. Leaves can be cooked as greens. Roots traditionally harvested in fall but can be dug anytime. They keep 3-4 months in the fridge. Tea is said to be an effective control f

ch less acid than green stalked and other red varieties - tastes sweeter and needs less sugar. Grows faster too. Space at 3'.
gland, he sent „some of the true Rhubarb seed‟ to John Bartram. By 1829 this Siberian plant was appearing in US catalogs. A perennial herb of the buckwheat family, rhybarb‟s clum
arch 1719, is for “English Sparrow-grass Roots”. This is a brand-new all-male hybrid, more productive than older all-male varieties. Excellent tolerance to asparagus rust and fusariu

e butt. Developed from the Italian heirloom Violetto di Albenga . Originally found by accident growing in a tiny, isolated village near the southern Alps. Brian Benson introduction.

n spring. Harvest in fall after the vine is killed by frost. Prepare like potatoes - they have a sweet nutty flavor.

 Tea is said to be an effective control for brown rot on stone fruit. „Big Top‟ is a newer strain w/ disease resistance. Deep taproot w/ numerous shallow runner roots - choose a locati

f the buckwheat family, rhybarb‟s clumps of juicy acid leaf stalks have been a staple food and medicine every spring for thousands of years. Best known for pies and wines, also grea
olerance to asparagus rust and fusarium crown rot. Produces high yields of large diameter tender spears. Rutgers U.

n Alps. Brian Benson introduction.

 shallow runner roots - choose a location carefully as it‟s difficult to remove. Even the tiniest root piece will regenerate. Plant w/ slanted cut down and flat side up. Native to northern

est known for pies and wines, also great for sauces, breads and juices. Leaves not edible. Native to Russia
wn and flat side up. Native to northern Europe.
   Nut       Source      Latin       Soils      Height     Spread    Hardiness       Fruit        Ripening        Years to
Shagbark   STL        Carya ovata                                                nuts fill well, are sweet and have relatively thin shells

  As a wild food, they enhance your baked goods with protein, healthy unsaturated oils and rich flavor. For your grandchildren, t
  habitat, nuts and rare lumber. The value of your property could well be double by a mature nut tree plantation.

  Nut trees can be propagated from seed or by grafting. What's the difference? A grafted nut tree is a
  genetically identical "clone" of the tree from which the scion was taken. It is "true to name". For example, a black walnut tree p
  "Thomas" onto some appropriate rootstock can be sold as "Thomas black walnut." Planting the nuts from a "Thomas" tree, how
  of Thomas." Propagation via seed, unlike grafting, does not produce exact copies; instead, it produces many

  Because success with nut grafts requires sustained high temperatures and humidity, conditions not readily available here,
  trees. These trees grow directly from the nut rather than being grafted onto a rootstock. Like children, seedlings are each gen
  be an exact copy of either parent. The parents of our nut tree seedlings are selected for superior hardiness, nut
  Traits like upright growth habit and hardiness are relatively ``fixed'' and are present in almost all seedlings of these parents. (T
  are eliminated.) Ease of cracking, size of nuts, and time of ripening will be more variable. Because of the genetic diversity inhe
  percentage will actually exceed the performance of both parents. Keep your eyes open for the ``exceptional child!''

  Young nut trees require extra care during and immediately after planting, such as a deeper hole for the taproot, a good deep m
  water every day while their root systems are getting established. Be sure that you can provide water to the trees during th
  Each tree should receive 5 to 10 gallons of water per day until the end of May, and 2 to 3 times per week thereafter
  fast in rich soil, and seem to do well near river bottoms (but not in frost pockets). Soils with some clay that are not constant we
  trees. They can tolerate wetter soils than fruit trees but will drown if their roots are sitting in water all year round. The
  the hazelbert, which does not have a taproot and, like fruit trees, favors light, well-drained soils. A little extra fuss and care dur
the hazelbert, which does not have a taproot and, like fruit trees, favors light, well-drained soils. A little extra fuss and care dur
yield a beautiful stand of trees that will be a rewarding asset to the landowner and to future generations.

Pollination and spacing in nut trees
Most of the nut trees we offer require pollination by a second tree of the same species to produce a good
quantity of filled nuts. In a stand of black walnuts, shagbark hickories or oaks, the trees should be planted
20 to 40 feet apart (or as close as 15 feet apart if planting a single row.) The closer spacing will force them
to grow straight and tall; after 20 years or so the stand can be thinned for timber. If you do not plan to thin
the stand, choose the wider spacing pattern. For hazelberts, which grow as a large bush (10 to 15 feet tall at
maturity), a spacing of 3 feet apart will make a nice hedge; for pollination they should be no more than 6-8
feet apart.

Deer Protection
In some areas, deer may browse back the tips of black walnut and other nut trees. If this becomes a
problem, deer control measures, especially fencing to prevent access while the trees are young, will improve
the growth of your nut trees. If fencing is not possible, try Plant Pro-tec deer repellent.

How soon will they yield nuts?
This will vary widely with species, soil, climate and care. General guidelines are 5 to 10 years for bur oak,
shagbark hickory and black walnut; 3 to 5 years for hazelberts.
                 Size        Cost                                                        Description
            1-3‟          $7 ea     Seedlings of an extremely cold-hardy local shagbark from the Ashworth plantings. Hickories put most of their beginning growth into their ve

vor. For your grandchildren, they will provide shade, wildlife

xample, a black walnut tree produced by grafting a scion of
uts from a "Thomas" tree, however, would yield "seedlings
duces many different versions of the original.

not readily available here, we grow and sell seedling nut
 dren, seedlings are each genetically different. They will not
 hardiness, nut quality and straight, timber-type growth.
seedlings of these parents. (Those that do not measure up
          genetic diversity inherent in seedlings, a small
exceptional child!''

          taproot, a good deep mulch to hold moisture, and
 water to the trees during their first growing season.
 er week thereafter through mid-July. Nut trees grow very
 clay that are not constant wet spots are good for most nut
 all year round. The notable exception to these guidelines is
A little extra fuss and care during this first important year will
A little extra fuss and care during this first important year will

e planted
orce them

5 feet tall at

 will improve
eir beginning growth into their very substantial taproot, so many of these have a longer root than top.
 Mulberry    Source       Latin         Soils      Height   Spread   Hardiness   Fruit   Ripening   Years to
Superchilly FC        Morus alba ‘Tatarica’
White       MI                                  40-50‟               Z4
  Size      Cost      Description


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