The_Statue_Of_Liberty by marcusjames

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									Title:
The Statue Of Liberty

Word Count:
494

Summary:
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island, New York, at the
mouth of the Hudson River. The statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886
to commemorate the centennial anniversary of the signing of the
Declaration of Independence and as a gesture of friendship between the
United States and France. At 350 feet, 1 inch tall from the ground to
the flame, the Statue of Liberty is approximately the size of a 22 story
building. In 1886, the statue was the tallest structure in...


Keywords:
Statue Of Liberty


Article Body:
The Statue of Liberty is located on Liberty Island, New York, at the
mouth of the Hudson River. The statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886
to commemorate the centennial anniversary of the signing of the
Declaration of Independence and as a gesture of friendship between the
United States and France. At 350 feet, 1 inch tall from the ground to
the flame, the Statue of Liberty is approximately the size of a 22 story
building. In 1886, the statue was the tallest structure in New York
City. Lady Liberty is made of pure copper (3/32 of an inch thick-about
the thickness of two pennies put together) except for the flame on her
torch, which is coated in gold leaf. Originally, the statue was copper
in color, but has turned green from natural oxidation. The greenness is
actually called a patina coating and protects the copper.

The statue faces southeast, which is a prime position for greeting ships
as they enter the harbor. It used to be possible to climb to the torch,
but it has been closed since the “Black Tom” explosion of July 30, 1916.
Visitors were able to ascend to the crown of the statue until the
terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Since then, the crown has been
closed and the National Park Service has no immediate plans to reopen it.

“Liberty Enlightening the World” is the Statue of Liberty’s proper title.
She was sculpted by Frederic Aguste Bartholdi and the internal structure
was engineered by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel of Eiffel Tower fame. Because
the statue is so enormous, she had to be transported to the United States
aboard the French warship Isère in 350 pieces. The statue arrived in New
York on June 17, 1885, but stayed in crates for 11 months until the
pedestal could be finished. Emma Lazarus’s famous “Statue of Liberty
Poem”, “The New Colossus” was read at the dedication and later inscribed
on a plaque. From the time of her dedication in 1886 until 1902, the
Statue of Liberty was a functional lighthouse.

The statue itself is symbolic of freedom, but certain aspects of Lady
Liberty are specific symbols. The seven points on her crown represent
the seven seas and the seven continents. She holds a flaming torch in
her right hand, a symbol of enlightenment. The stone tablet she bears in
her left hand is inscribed with the date, July IV, MDCCLXXVI, or July 4,
1776. Her face is said to be modeled after Bartholdi’s mother.

In 1983, American Express made the Statue of Liberty a beneficiary of one
of the earliest cause marketing campaigns. For every purchase made with
American Express, the company donated one cent to for the restoration of
the statue. All together, the drive raised over $1.7 million dollars.
The following year, the statue was closed so that a $62 million
restoration project could be completed before her centennial celebration.

The Statue of Liberty is an important and cherished part of American
history. Lady Liberty stands as a beacon of freedom to millions of
people around the world.

								
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