Albania

Document Sample
Albania Powered By Docstoc
					                                    Memory of the World Register
                                        List of Inscriptions
                                             1997-2007

Albania
Beratinius1 et 2
Two ancient codices discovered in Berat. Beratinius 1 dates from the 6th century and Beratinius 2 from the
9th. Both form part of the seven "purple codices" which survive today. Beratinius-1, in particular, is an
important reference in the development of biblical and liturgical literature.

Argentina
Documentary heritage of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata
The archives include governmental and administrative documents of the territories of the Rio de la Plata
region and concern the operations of the colonial institutions of government, justice, defence, economy and
religion from the seventeenth to the first decade of the nineteenth century. They document activities of the
ports of Buenos Aires and Montevideo and also provide knowledge about the political and commercial
relations which existed between the Viceroyalty and the other countries of the continent as well as with
Europe and Africa.

Human Rights Documentary Heritage 1976 - 1983
Complete records of all types including photos and sound recordings held by 18 different institutions.
It covers the period of State terrorism, better known as the "Condor Plan"which saw the violations of
human rights and fundamental freedoms in Argentina between 1976 and 1983.

Armenia
Mashtots Matenadaran Ancient Manuscripts Collection
The collection of approximately 17,000 manuscripts includes almost every sphere of Armenian ancient and
medieval science and culture history, geography, philosophy, grammar, law, medicine, mathematics,
literature, miniature and others, as well as manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Syrian, Latin, Ethiopian,
Indian, Japanese, etc..

Australia
Endeavour Journal of James Cook
This is the original document, in Cook's handwriting, of his first exploration voyage in the Pacific on HMS
Endeavour from 1768 -71. The first European charting of the east coast of Australia and the first
circumnavigation of New Zealand took place on the voyage. This is the key document which foreshadows
British colonization of Australia (which actually began in 1788) and presaged the tragic consequences for
Australia's indigenous peoples the oldest surviving culture on Earth who, under British law, were
effectively deemed not to exist (the 'terra nullius' doctrine).

Mabo Case Manuscripts
The personal papers of Edward Koiki Mabo are held alongside legal and historical materials relating to the
Mabo Case. Eddie Mabo was an indigenous activist whose efforts resulted shortly after his death in the
Australian High Court overturning the doctrine of 'terra nullius'. The judgment unleashed profound change
in Australia's legal and legislative landscape, influencing the status and land rights of its indigenous
peoples and race relations generally. The significance of the Mabo Case lies in it being an extremely rare
instance in world history of pre-existing tribal law being formally recognized as superior to fundamental
law of the 'invading culture.

The Story of the Kelly Gang
Original nitrate fragments from the original, polyester picture dupe negatives and digital files The first full-
length narrative feature film produced anywhere in the world. While it symbolizes both the birth of the
Australian film industry, more significantly it heralds the emergence of the feature film format. Only 17
minutes in fragments of the original production of more than one hour are known to exist.


                                                       1
The convict records of Australia
The only complete and unique records documenting the policy framework and administrative operations of
the convict transportation system and the convicts themselves, of the 18th-19th century penal system. It
documents the forced migration of a mass of 19th century working class people.

Austria
Atlas Blaeu Van der Hem
A 17th century work, produced by Laurens Van der Hem (1621-1678), containing the 50 volumes of the
Atlas with more than 2,400 maps, prints, drawings, architectural prints and portraits, most of them painted
by well known artists, and a set of four volumes originally made for the Dutch East India Company.

Vienna Dioscurides
Dioscurides' work can be considered as the most important pharmaceutical source of the Ancient World
and was used throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and in later centuries as a dictionary for
medical practitioners. It forms the basis of medical herbal therapeutic knowledge. The Vienna Dioscurides
manuscript rates as a masterpiece of the book art from later Classical Antiquity.

Final document of the Congress of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna had a major influence on the history of the world and transcended the boundaries
of a national culture. It decided upon a new political settlement for Europe after the Napoleonic wars which
determined the political system for over half a century and whose impact in some aspects is still
discernible. It provided the conditions for a long period of peace in Europe and redefined the political
relations between the major European powers.

Historical Collections (1899-1950) of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv
Founded in 1899, the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv was the first sound archive in the world. The Historical
Collections of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv (1899-1950) contain over 4,000 recordings of a mainly
ethnolinguistic and ethnomusicological nature collected at a time when sound recording in the
anthropological field work was complicated and technically demanding and therefore not as routine as it
became after the introduction of portable magnetic recorders in the mid fifties.

Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer
The 180,000 papyri in the collection cover every aspect of life: literature, school texts, magic, religion,
belief in an after life, legal matters, financial and military matters, medicine and books on a wide variety of
writing materials and languages used in Egypt between 1500 B C and 1500 AD. The Egyptian book of the
dead and the printed haggadah in Hebrew)are among the unique items in this collection.

Schubert Collection
The Schubert collection at the Vienna City Library is the world's largest collection of Schubertiana. Its core
forms the world's most substantial body of autograph music manuscripts by Schubert and a nearly complete
collection of first editions of his works. The collection is consulted by musicologists from all over the
world and is an indispensable source material for researchers.

Collection of Gothic Architectural Drawings
A unique collection of 425 drawings that are indispensable to the study of the buildings of the Gothic
period (1150 - 1550 A.D.).These drawings date from 1400 to 1550 and are among the oldest surviving
architectural drawings. They bear testimony to the epoch in European history when major constructions
began to be undertaken on the basis of advance planning of every detail.

Brahms Collection
The collection documents the life and works of Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) , one of the major
representatives of the Romantic style. It includes manuscripts of Brahms own works, galley proofs of his
published works, working copies of the first editions of Brahms' works, first and early editions, as well as
original manuscripts, of works by other composers, correspondence addressed to Brahms, his music and
literary library.

                                                      2
Tabula Peutingeriana
Mediaeval facsimile describing the road system for the public transport used in the Roman Empire. It
covers the provinces under Roman rule and the territories conquered by Alexander the Great in the East
and is of importance for studies on the administration and economy of the Roman Empire.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Tabula Hungariae (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Hungary and Croatia)

Azerbaijan
Medieval manuscripts on medicine and pharmacy
A unique collection of medical manuscripts containing information and images on complex medicines,
medieval surgical instruments as well as pharmaceutical descriptions of hundreds of natural medicines,
plants, minerals and animal substances.

Barbados
Documentary Heritage of Enslaved Peoples of the Caribbean
A unique corpus of documentary evidence relating to the lives of enslaved Caribbean people through the
17th, 18th and 19th centuries, that is preserved by the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. The
collection provides invaluable source material for scholars studying the history of Barbados, the model for
the development of the plantation economies of the Caribbean and North America.

Belgium
Business Archives of the Officina Plantiniana
The Officina Plantiniana is perhaps the most important printing and publishing house that ever existed in
Belgium. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Officina coincided with an era in which scholars
from the Low Countries (present day Belgium and the Netherlands) were able to play an extremely
important part in the development of western thought. Since providentially, the business archives of the
house have been preserved almost intact they provide an incredible wealth of detailed and accurate data on
all aspects of three hundred years of book history.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Benin
Colonial Archives
This documentary heritage mainly dates from the colonial period. The history of this period is that of a
brief (scarcely one century) but none the less decisive episode: the meeting between colonizers and
colonized, between Western and African culture which caused major political upheavals in Africa,
economic disintegration, the dislocation of social structures, the disorganization of traditional bonds and
the reshaping of modes of cultural expression and authentic standards of civilization.

Bolivia
American Colonial Music (see under Mexico)
Joint inscription with Colombia, Mexico and Peru

Brazil
The Emperor's Collection: Foreign and Brazilian Photography in the 19th Century
A unique collection of 21,700 photographs assembled and left to the National Library of Brazil by
Emperor Pedro II in 1891. The largest collection of photographs in Latin America, it features works by the
first photographers in the world and testifies to numerous areas of human activity.


                                                    3
Canada
Fonds du Séminaire de Québec (1623-1800)/Quebec seminary fonds
19 series and sub-series of the 26 series and sub-series which comprise the archival fonds. They cover
a period ranging from 1623 from the early settlements to 1800, the end of the French regime and the
beginning of English colonial rule.

Hudson's Bay Company fonds
Archival records spanning the years 1670 to 1920, comparable to the East India Company's archive,
covering all media: textual records, maps, plans, photographs, documentary art, moving images and
sound collections.

Chile
Human Rights Archive
Comprising several holdings of human rights organizations active during the military dictatorship period
(1973 to 1989), the archive contains a photo register, cassettes and videos, press clippings and other
documents about human rights abuses during this period.

Jesuits of America Fonds
The fonds contains over 128,000 pages produced by the Jesuits documenting the history of the West, the
Spanish Empire of the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries and inventories of Jesuit properties. The
collection is divided into eight sections corresponding to one country each, with information on other
countries in a smaller volume of documentation.

China
Ancient Naxi Dongba Literature Manuscripts
The collection contains 1,000 volumes on a variety of content and subjects ranging from ca 30 AD. to the
Tang Dynasty in a pictographic script using more than 2000 characters. It is the only surviving script of its
type. The literature covers politics, philosophy, economy, military affairs, culture, astronomy, farming and
more.

Infiltration of Western Culture in China
China, the birthplace of the Han culture has always been the centre of oriental culture, of which the Qing
Dynasty, China's last feudal dynasty, is particularly representative. The clash between Western and Eastern
culture in 17th century China shaped world history and the archives provide a detailed first-hand account
of the infiltration of Western Culture in China. However, the divergence of the two cultures finally created
a sharp conflict and the Confidential Records of the Qing's Grand Secretariat provide original evidence for
this dramatic historical event. .

Traditional Music Sound Archives
This is the biggest, the most comprehensive and the most complete collection of Chinese traditional and
folk music in China. It covers music of more than 50 nationalities, much of it recorded in the field. As
such, it contains records of folk rituals or folk religious rituals, not recordings of stage performances, so
they have not been refined or polished, and consequently are truer and close to folk life as they reflect
original cultural features.

Golden Lists of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Examination
The Golden Lists are original evidence for a study of China's feudal examination system and lists the
names of many prominent historical figures. They are representative documents of the examination system
of the Qing after many centuries of evolution since the Sui Dynasty (581A.D.). The system had
international impact and influenced recruitment systems in Japan, Korea and Vietnam, as well as several
European countries. All documents have high calligraphic value, and can be considered pieces of art in
their own right.

Qing Dynasty Yangshi Lei Archives
Over 20,000 architectural and engineering documents, models, and drawings handmade by the Lei family

                                                     4
who were architects for the Qing court over seven generations, spanning the end of the 17th century to the
beginning of the 20th century.

Christopher Okigbo Foundation
Christopher Okigbo Collection
Collection of manuscripts of published and unpublished poems, experimental writing, literary projects,
correspondence of Okigbo, journals, etc, dating from 1956 until his death in 1967. They cover the
Nigerian civil war, in which the poet lost his life in Biafra.

Colombia
Negros y Esclavos archives
Vast and important testimonial information on the slave trade and slavery from the 16th to the early 19th
centuries in Cartagena, a major slave port on the Caribbean coast of modern Colombia, in the
'Neogranadino' (New Kingdom of Granada) territory. The collection comprises of 55 files relating to
slavery in Colombia as well as Panama, Venezuela and Ecuador and is part of the wider slave trade project.

American Colonial Music (see under Mexico)
Joint inscription with Bolivia, Mexico and Peru

Croatia
Tabula Hungariae (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria and Hungary)

Cuba
Fonds José Martí Pérez
Contains 2,435 documents (a total of 7,177 pages) corresponding to the period of 1827 to 1895, of the
literary, journalistic, revolutionary, diplomatic, biographical and personal work of Jose Marti, as well as his
correspondence with different persons, including his family. Marti was an author and social activist whose
influence has had an enduring influence on Latin American culture in particular.

Czech Republic
Medieval manuscripts of the Czech Reformation
14th to the 16th century manuscripts reflecting key aspects of the Reformation. The collection maps the
early development of one of the key turning points of history.

Collection of Russian, Ukrainian and Belorussian émigré periodicals 1918-1945
2,000 journal titles and several thousand newspaper titles from the Interwar period representing the
heritage of the first wave of the Russian diaspora whose activities became known as the "Russia outside
Russia" phenomenon.

Denmark
Archives of the Danish overseas trading companies
The archival group of the Danish overseas trading companies includes the archives of the Danish East
India Company, the Danish Asiatic Company, the Danish West India and Guinea Company and the Danish
West India Trading Company. It consists of around 4,000 protocols and bundles and includes royal
charters, copybooks, letters, instructions, accounts, ships' logs and maps.

Linné Collection
The Danish National Library of Science and Medicine contains a fantastic collection of books by and about
Carl Linné and his pupils. This collection is of about 2,000 items and is considered to be one of the best
Linné collections in the world.

Manuscripts and correspondence of Hans Christian Andersen
Manuscripts and letters from/to Hans Christian Andersen comprise the most complete accumulation of
Hans Christian literature in the world, forming the essential sources to research and/or critical editions of

                                                      5
his work. The material in Ny kongelig Samling is based on the current acquisitions of the Library. The
Collin manuscript collection was donated in 1905 and the Holger Laage Petersen collection in 1954. The
Arne Portman collection was purchased in 1969.

Soren Kierkegaard Archives
Manuscripts, drafts, personal papers, letters of Soren Kierkegaard who was very careful in preserving
almost every note that he had written. After his death, his papers were brought from his flat to his brother,
the Bishop of Aalborg. Kierkegaard was both typical and atypical of his time. As a thinker he was far
ahead of his time and as a human being, in many respects, he was deeply rooted in it.

El primer nueva coronica y buen gobierno
A 1,200 page manuscript, including 400 full-page drawings, to King Filip 3 from an indigenous view,
of pre-conquest Andean life and Inca rule, the Spanish conquest 1532, early Spanish colonial rule, and
the systematic abuse of the rights of the colonized indigenous population.

Sound Toll Registers
Detailed information about international trade and shipping over several decades through the Baltic.
The Sound Toll was introduced in the 15th century; the oldest record dates from 1497, and ended in
1857.

Egypt
Memory of the Suez Canal
Documents, manuscripts and images concerning the construction of the Suez Canal held by the Association
of the Friends of Ferdinand de Lesseps, the Company of Suez and the Suez Canal Authority. The
collection documents the history, developments, nationalization, and its consequences, of the Canal, of one
of the most important waterways connecting East and West which affected the history of the globe
especially the Middle East over the last two centuries.

Documents of Sultans and Princes
Four hundred scrolls of title deeds which belonged to the Princes and Sultans who ruled Egypt, from the
Fatimid era to the end of the Mamluke era, i.e. 979 A.D. to 1517 A.D. The collection provides information
about social, economic and political life throughout the region over six centuries and is recorded on
parchment and paper in roll form, the longest of which is 40 metres.

Unique Collection of Persian illustrated and illuminated manuscripts
71 bound Persian manuscripts each containing (on average) 100 miniature paintings in exquisite and
vibrant colours. The collection reflects the historical and geographical changes that took place in
Persia, Khurasan, Central Asia, and India over a span of almost 500 years.

Ethiopia
Treasures from National Archives and Library Organizations
Ethiopia has rare, precious and priceless manuscripts written in its own alphabet in the form of verse and
prose which reflect its indigenous civilization. The nominated documents are but a few highlights : Homily
and Gospels written on vellum in the XIVth and XVth centuries ; letters from King Tewdros to Queen
Victoria of Britain, from King Menelik II to Nicolas Cesar II, from King Sahlesselassie of Shoa to the
Queen of Britain ; the first printed publication in Ethiopian history (1513) ; manuscripts written on vellum
in the XVIIth, XlXth and XXth centuries, relating Ethiopian history.

Finland
A.E. Nordenskiöld Collection
This comprehensive collection concerns the oldest printed cartographic atlases, geographical works and
travel literature, collected by the founder of the history of cartography, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832-
1901, born in Finland, died in Sweden), who was also the explorer of the Northeast Passage and the Nordic
Regions. The collection is especially rich in early history of cartography, printed Ptolemaic Atlases, sea
atlases and incunabula. It contains about 5,000 volumes covering knowledge of the expansion of the

                                                     6
known world from Antiquity to Modem Times.

France
Original Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789-1791
The Declaration covers a collection of documents dating from the beginning of the discussion stage to the
promulgation of the French Constitution in 1791. The inscription, which is composed of two separate
nominations, concerns the original handwritten version of the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and
of the Citizen and the original draft of the 1791 Constitution as well as the first printed edition of the 1789
Declaration on the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which was finalized by the National Assembly in
Paris during the summer of 1789. The Declaration is a symbol of universal value and formed the basis of
the United Nations Declaration of 1948 establishing unalienable human rights and duties.

Films Lumière
The entire original cinematographic production of the Lumière factory listed on the catalogue. Auguste and
Louis Lumiere are credited with the world's first public film screening on 28 December 1895. It features
rare footage of world leaders such as Queen Victoria and King Umberto of Italy. It also documents military
footage exercises and parades, scenes of daily life, ceremonies and official visits.

Introduction of the decimal metric system, 1790-1837
The metric system (International System of Units) was born in Revolutionary France to replace the chaotic
collection of units. The inscription includes the text of the original proposal concerning weights and
measures, submitted to the French National Assembly by the Bishop of Autun (Talleyrand) in 1790, as
well as subsequent legal texts on this issue dating from 1791 to 1837. The metric system has now become
almost universally used.

Tapisserie de Bayeux/Bayeux tapestry
A 50 cm by 70 m embroidered cloth depicting scenes commemorating the Battle of Hastings, with
annotations in Latin, as well as medieval arms, apparel, and other objects.

Appeal of 18 June 1940
Joint inscription with United Kingdom
Four key documents relating to Charles de Gaulle's 18 June 1940 radio address from London urging France
to resist German occupation. The appeal was regarded as a turning point in World War II and in French
national history as it marked the beginning of the French resistance to Nazi occupation. It exemplified the
power of radio used as a weapon of war rather than entertainment to launch a movement, and influenced
the development of resistance movements in other countries.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary and Italy

Germany
Illuminated manuscripts from the Ottonian period from the Reichenau monastery
A dispersed set of ten manuscripts, exemplifying book illustration of the Ottonian period in Germany
(Emperor Otto III (983-1002) and his successor Heinrich II (1002-1024)). The illuminations in the
Reichenau manuscripts feature miniatures on the life of Christ and portraits of emperors.

Early cylinder recordings of the world's musical traditions (1893 1952)
This is a unique sound collection with universal significance and intercultural dimensions. More than
145,000 recordings of music representing the cultural heritage of many cultures all over the world
excluding Western Art and Pop music are stored on different sound carriers such as Edison phonograms,
analogue and digital tapes, and all kinds of discs (from 78 shellac discs to LPs and CDs).

Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9, d minor, op. 125
The ninth Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) is one of the best known compositions
worldwide. It has one of the most impressive and tremendous conceptions of Beethoven's works. Its

                                                      7
influence on the history of music was decisive and intense in the 19th and 20th centuries and not restricted
to the genre of symphonies only. In the last movement, human voice has been included for the first time in
a symphony. This "Ode to Joy" (An die Freude), which sets a poem of Friedrich von Schiller to music, has
become as a symbol of peace between all nations and peoples of the world.

Literary estate of Goethe
Goethe is the best known German writer and poet globally and this collection of manuscripts includes the
most important of his creative works. The estate of Goethe in its unity, completeness and range of holdings
today represents a unique record not only of the creative work of Goethe but, reflects through his works,
the whole Classical Period in Germany.

42 line Gutenberg Bible
The first book printed in Europe with movable types. From Mainz, the location of Gutenberg's printing
office, the new technology spread all over Europe and the world. Of the original 30 Bibles printed on
vellum, only four have survived in their complete form with all their 1,282 pages. The Goettingen copy,
being one of these four, stands out for its unique contemporary documentary context. The Goettingen
Model Book is the contemporary source of the Bible's illumination, the Notarial Instrument of Ulrich
Helmasperger is the only surviving contemporary document that gives evidence of Gutenberg's invention.

Metropolis Negative of the 2001 restored and reconstructed version.
Fritz Lang's motion picture Metropolis (1927) is without doubt a famous testimony of German silent film
art, a testimony that made history. The combination of motion picture and architecture which had a
glittering premiere in Berlin in January 1927, and an unparalleled success all over the world ever since
became the symbol of a (film) architectural model of the future.

Kinder- und Hausmärchen. Gesammelt durch die Brüder Grimm /Children's and Household Tales
The first systematic compilation and scientific documentation of the entire European and Oriental fairy tale
tradition. They represent the global fairy tale tradition. Translations exist in over 160 languages and
cultural dialects on all continents.

Collection of manuscript papers of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Extensive correspondence over half a century with a global network of contacts, encompassing a range
of scientific and scholarly topics touching on legal opinions on the Hanoverian electorate, intellectual
pan-European unity, among many other subjects.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Hungary and Italy

Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes
(see under USA)
Joint inscription with United States of America

Hungary
Kalman Tihanyi's 1926 Radioskop Patent Application
The documentary heritage is the first description by the inventor of his television system, and the only
existing complete collection of documents representing the Hungarian patent applications he filed in 1926
under the name "Radioskop". The significance of this document resides in the fact that this where the
inventor first laid out the fundament of modem television featuring a fully electronic television transmitting
and receiving system and introducing, among many novel features, the operating principle of accumulation
and "storage" of electrical charges throughout each scansion cycle.

Bibliotheca Corviniana
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Italy
The Bibliotheca Corviniana was the one of the greatest collection of books in Europe in the Renaissance
period containing works written for King Mathias (1458-1490) and copies of the most important

                                                      8
documents known at that time. It represented the literary production and reflected the state of knowledge
and arts of the Renaissance and included philosophy, theology, history, law, literature, geography, natural
sciences, medicine, architecture, etc

India
I.A.S. Tamil Medical Manuscript Collection
Mostly Tamil medical manuscripts which reflect the ancient system of medicine, practised by yogis. This
collection includes individual manuscripts concerning the nature and symptoms of diseases, methods of
cure, methods of preparing medicines.

Saiva Manuscripts in Pondicherry
A collection of 11,000 manuscripts that concern mainly the religion and worship of the Hindu God Siva. It
includes the largest collection in the world of manuscripts of texts of the Saiva Siddhanta, a religious
tradition, which spread across the Indian subcontinent and beyond, as far as Cambodia in the East.

Rigvedasamhita, Rigvedasamhita-Padapatha and Rigvedasamhitabhashya
30 manuscripts of the Rigveda, the oldest among the four Vedas. It is considered to be the earliest
literary document in the world and is the source of the Vedic culture that contributed to development of
Asian civilization.

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with Indonesia, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka

Indonesia
Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka

International Committee of the Red Cross
Archives of the International Prisoners of War Agency, 1914-1923
400 linear metres comprising general archives related to negotiations conducted by the International
Prisoners-of-War Agency and individual data concerning missing persons and former prisoners.

Iran
Bayasanghori Shâhnâmeh (Prince Bayasanghor's Book of the Kings)
A manuscript that helped to revive and maintain Persian which is currently spoken by over 65 million
people in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Pakistan and diaspora communities. It represents the values
of the elite rulers of the Timurid Renaissance who dominated Central and Western Asia in the 15th
Century.

The Deed for Endowment: Rab' I-rashidi (Rab I-rashidi Endowment) 13th Century Manuscript
A 382 page manuscript written by Rashid al-Din himself, the Governor of Tabriz and two scribes. The
purpose of this endowment, or waqf, was to ensure the protection of as many as possible of the
scientific treatises authored by Rashid al-Din or came into his possession.

Italy
Malatesta Novello Library
A rare example of a complete, beautifully preserved collection from the mid-15th century, just before the
advent of printing in Europe. 343 manuscripts of different provenance on subjects of a philosophical,
theological and biblical nature as well as classical and scientific works. The collection is a unique example
of a humanistic library of the Renaissance, a time when the dominance of Christian writing and teaching
was giving way to more secular considerations.

Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary)
Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Hungary


                                                     9
Kazakhstan
Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Manuscript Collection
Three medieval Turkic language (Chagatai) manuscripts dating from the 17th century depict the heritage of
Khoja Ahmed Yasawi and his followers who had a great influence on the development of the spiritual
culture of the ancient Turks and promoted the development of Turkic language and literature.

Nevada-Semipalatinsk, the International Anti-Nuclear Movement
The collection records the activities of the first anti-nuclear non-governmental organization created in 1989
on the territory of the former USSR and documents the role played in ending nuclear tests at the
Semipalatinsk polygon in Kazakhstan.

Korea (Republic of)
Hunmin Chongum Manuscript
Published in the ninth lunar month of 1446, the manuscript contains the promulgation of the Korean
alphabet of the same name, now called han gai, by Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Choson Dynasty
(reign 1418-1450), the development of which he completed in 1443. It also contains the Haerye, or
Commentaries, later explanations and examples by scholars of the Hall of Worthies, including Chong In J'is
So, or Postface. This edition is therefore often referred to as the Haerye Edition of Hunmin Chongun.

Annals of the Choson Dynasty
This collection covers more than 470 years of the history of the dynasty, from the reign of King T'aejo
(1392- 1398), the founder, to the reign of King Ch'olchong (1849 - 1863). The Daily Records were placed
in the custody of the Office for Annals Compilation (Ch'unch'ugwan, ). Nobody, not even the king, was
allowed to read Draft History and Daily Records except historiographers.

Seunjeongwon Ilgi, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat
The diaries contain the largest amount of authentic historic recordings and state secrets of the Joseon
Dynasty from the 17th century to the early 20th century. Diaries written in the late 19th century and the
early 20th century show how Western influence opened the door of the closed Dynasty. A vast amount of
records from close observation of the king was kept by royal secretaries and scribes and shows the
importance of preserving historic recordings..

Baegun hwasang chorok buljo jikji simche yojeol (vol.II), the second volume of the Anthology of Great
Buddhist Priests' Zen Teachings
Also known as Jikji (other names are Jikji simche yojeol, Jikji simche, Jikji simgyeong), this volume
contains the essentials of Zen Buddhism compiled by the Baegun in the late Goryeo period and was printed
the old Heungdeok-sa temple in Cheongju city, using movable metal types in July 1377. While some earlier
metal type printings were mentioned in the old Korean books, this book is the world=s oldest movable
metal type printing evidence available and signifies an important technical change in the print history of
humanity.

Printing woodblocks of the Tripitaka Koreana and miscellaneous Buddhist scriptures




                                                     10
81,258 wooden printing blocks carved in the 13th century the Tripitaka Koreana or Buddhist scriptures is
the only complete canon still surviving on the Asian mainland. These blocks became a medium through
which knowledge could be produced and distributed continuously.

Uigwe: Records of Royal Protocols in the Court of Joseon Dynasty
A unique form of documentary heritage, the "Uigwe" is a collection of Royal Protocols of the over 500
year Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), that both records and prescribes through prose and illustration the major
ceremonies and rites of the royal family

Latvia
Dainu Skapis - Cabinet of folk songs
A massive collecting effort of Latvian folk songs took place during the latter half of the 19th century,
coinciding with the period of National awakening in Europe. Carried out by Latvians themselves, it made
the basis for their national identity. Nearly 218,000 song texts were assembled, classified and published in
eight thick tomes (1894-1915) which remain a source of collective self-confidence and inspiration for
Latvians revealing their rich cultural heritage that had not been previously recorded, yet had endured
through centuries by oral transmission.

Lebanon
Phoenician Alphabet
The invention and evolution of the Phoenician alphabet, the earliest known example of alphabetical as
opposed to hieroglyphic or cuneiform writing. It is the base from which most subsequent alphabets have
been developed.

Commemorative Stela from Nahr el-Kalb
A series of commemorative steles depicting Lebanese history from the 14th century BC to the present
through the inscriptions left by successive armies and testify to its relations with the rest of the Middle East
and the West.

Luxembourg
Family of Man
The photographic exhibition of Edward J. Steichen in 1955 for the New York Museum of Modern Art
(MoMA) consists of 503 photographs taken by 273 photographers, professional and amateur, famous and
unknown, from 68 countries. Described as the "greatest photographic enterprise ever undertaken", its
underlying idea and imagery have influenced generations of photographers, writers, artists and others.

Malaysia
Correspondence of the late Sultan of Kedah (1882-1943)
These unique records constitute the only available evidence of the Malay Sultanate prior to the advent of
western-style colonialism. They portray the precarious life of a State in transition, straddling between two
powers in a fast-changing world and are useful to research from a number of perspectives, including social
change, economics, politics, foreign relations, education, religion and customs.

Hikayat Hang Tuah
This is regarded both as a Malay literary classic and a traditional epic symbolizing the greatness of Malacca
at that time whilst projecting the bravery of the Malays. It is recognized as a national literary classic which
is well-known not only amongst the Malays but also by the people in the Malay Archipelago. The
inscription comprises two manuscripts of Hikayat Hang Tuah, (author unknown) written on old European
paper about 200 years ago.

Sejarah Mdayu (The Malay Annals)
The Annals constitute the only available account of the history of the Malay Sultanate in the fifteenth and
early sixteenth century: the origins, evolution and demise of a great Malay maritime empire, with its unique
system of government, administration and politics. They also relate the major transformation in the lives of
the people of the Malay Archipelago from a Hindu Malay matrix to an Islamic Malay culture. Malacca's

                                                      11
rapid progress on account of its cosmopolitan population comprising merchants from India, China, Arabia,
Portugal and various other nations of the world contributed to the social, economic and political evolution
of the Malay Kingdom.

Mauritius
Records of French Occupation of Mauritius
Series of records of the French occupation of Mauritius, then known as Isle de France, and the early
English period 17th and 18th century. These series include records of the early French settlements in Isle
de France, and Bourbon, other islands of the Indian Ocean, Port of Africa and Asia. Records of the East
India Company, navigation, pirates and corsairs, naval troops and battles in the Indian ocean and the first
European settlers in this part of the world.

Mexico
Los Olvidados (The Young and the Damned)
The original cellulose nitrate negative of the 1950 film Los olvidados is an acknowledged classic of world
cinema. It has been, and is shown worldwide and has widely influenced the 'social realism' genre of film
making. The film was highly controversial as it showed street children in the urban environment turning to
crime because of the failure of society, a continuing social ill.

Collection of Mexican Codices
The collection comprises one pre-Hispanic codex, 92 colonial originals and 68 period facsimiles. Most of
the pictorial documents which comprise this collection were made in the sixteenth century, although a
small number date from the seventeenth and eighteenth, and an even smaller number, mostly the copies,
date from the nineteenth and the early twentieth century. These pictorial Codices are original sources of
pre-Hispanic culture, the early relations between the native peoples and the Spanish conquistadors, and
they are the only surviving examples of a reading and writing system peculiar to the cultures of
Mesoamerica.

Codices and Dossiers from the Marquisate of the Oaxaca valley
Three codices drafted by indigenous scribes (tlacuilos) using their own writing system and written on agave
(maguey) paper which are accompanied by documents drafted by the descendants of Hernàn Cortés. They
constitute indigenous testimony after the Conquest and reflection of pre-Hispanic documents. The codices
have allowed the testimony of the indigenous culture to be preserved, as most of the pre-Hispanic originals
were destroyed.

Codex Techaloyan de Cuajimalpaz
This codex describes how indigenous communities were established in various places in the Valley of
Mexico City. It contains indigenous pictorial elements and text written in Nahuatl. This manuscript
comprises a series of images relating directly to the lands belonging to a village. It also contains the land
survey, a regional map, historical and economic data, a census, an ecological description.

Biblioteca Palafoxiana
The only library in America that faithfully reflects European inheritance through a collection of more than
41,000 books and unique manuscripts. The books are still ordered according to the system used when the
library was first established. It is a rare, if not unique, survivor from the earliest days of the Spanish
colonization of the Americas.

Colección de Lenguas Indígenas/Indigenous language collections
128 titles, published between the 16th and 19th centuries, written either in indigenous languages or
containing studies of those languages, which were produced for purposes of evangelization.

American Colonial Music
Joint inscription with Bolivia, Colombia and Peru
Documentary collections of music from the 16th to the 18th century from different countries of the
American continent. It includes music papers, choir books, polyphonic books, codices and manuscripts

                                                     12
which contain some of the most important roots of American music today.

Netherlands
Library Ets Haim Livraria Montezinos
The library collections contain 30,000 printed works (from 1484 to the present day) and 500 manuscripts
(from 1282 to the 20th century) on all aspects of Jewish studies and cultural history. The collections are
maintained at the Portuguese Synagogue complex in Amsterdam and reflect the scope of Sephardic Jewish
culture.

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, South Africa and Sri Lanka
The 25 million pages of records of the Dutch East India Company, the largest of the early modem
European trading companies operating in Asia, contain data relevant to the history of Asian and African
local, political and trade regions over the 17th and 18th centuries. It is preserved in the Netherlands and in
former administrative centres in Jakarta, Colombo, Chennai, and Cape Town. It includes inscriptions on
stone, manuscripts on palm leaf and bark, and printed court chronicles, trade correspondence, maps and
drawings.

New Zealand
Treaty of Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi is the founding document of the nation of New Zealand. It was signed in the Bay of
Islands on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson, several English residents and approximately 45
Maori chiefs. It is a unique document because it involved one entire country and one indigenous race and
was considered to be a radical departure in treaties between indigenous races and metropolitan powers.

1893 Women's Suffrage Petition
The Petition led to New Zealand becoming the first self-governing nation in the world where women won
the right to vote. lt was signed by close to one quarter of the female adult population and was, at that time,
the largest petition of its kind signed in New Zealand and other Western countries.

Namibia
Hendrik Witbooi Papers
The official archives of Witbooi, an African leader in Namibia, around the end of the 19th Century, offer a
rare example of the victims' perception of colonialism. They consist of four (or possibly more) books
containing in-and outgoing diplomatic and administrative correspondence, treaties and proclamations.
Witbooi was a traditional chief who, from 1884 to 1894, resisted German advances by attempting to forge
a united African front.

Nicaragua
National Literacy Campaign Archives
Archival records in different formats which were created during the massive literacy drive in 1980 to
reach the poor and illiterate population of Nicaragua. Voluntary teachers from 16 countries joined the
Literacy Crusade to support the efforts of Nicaraguan youth.

Norway
Leprosy Archives of Bergen
The archives document the breakthrough in scientific understanding and description of leprosy on a
worldwide basis. The documentary heritage from this turning point in the fight against one of the world's
most dreadful diseases represents the only source of data so far that documents, from an epidemiological
point of view, the decline and disappearance of leprosy in a country. Its files have been and are still used
for important epidemiological research .

Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House
Few plays have had a similar impact globally on social norms and conditions. Few play characters
worldwide can claim an equivalent importance as role model as Nora Helmer. More than anyone, Henrik

                                                     13
Ibsen gave theatrical art a new vitality by bringing into European bourgeois drama an ethical gravity, a
psychological depth, and a social significance which the theatre had lacked since the days of William
Shakespeare.

Roald Amundsen's South Pole Expedition 1910-1912
The original film material of Roald Amundsen=s South Pole Expedition consisting of 7 sections of nitrate
film. It is made up of original sequences, filmed between 1910 and 1912.

Pakistan
Jinnah Papers
This collection reflects a period of momentous change in South Asia that culminated in the emergence of
two independent states. It is a unique source for the study of the Muslim Freedom Movement in South Asia
and of the political and personal life of Quaid 1 Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

Philippines
Radio Broadcast of the Philippine People Power Revolution
The collection of sound recordings of 44 audiocassette tapes (61 hours and 33 minutes) and 1 mini disc (25
minutes) documents the unedited day to day radio broadcasts of private, Church-owned and public radio
stations during four days in 1986 marking the transition from dictatorship to democracy through a peaceful
popular uprising which resolved a dangerous military standoff without the use of armed force or loss of
life.

Philippine Paleographs (Hanunoo, Buid, Tagbanua and Pala'wan)
Communication by means of symbols and creative graphics is one of man's singular achievements.
Syllabaries, like those that developed in the Philippines, go a step further and represent not merely
graphics, but articulate sounds. Dating back to at least the 10th century, four sets of these syllabaries, out of
a documented seventeen, have survived over the ages and remain in use to this day, notably the Hanunoo
Mangyan syllabary figuring in poetry -ambahan-, and in song.

Jose Maceda Collection
A collection of 1,760 hours of tape recordings on 1,936 reels and cassette tapes, field notes, black/white
and colour photographs of different musicians and instruments and a few films reflecting the traditional
music of sixty-eight ethnolinguistic groups in the Philippines and South East Asia before many of these
musical styles vanished, or substantially changed.

Poland
General Confederation of Warsaw
A unique testimony of democratic compromise granting religious tolerance to the Polish nobility as part of
a consensual pact to maintain social order and preserve the union of Poland and Lithuania. More than 200
seals are appended to the parchment, a personal commitment of the nobility at the Confederation to
guaranteeing religious tolerance and securing the unity of the state.

Twenty One Demands, Gdansk, August 1980: The birth of the Solidarity trade union a massive social
movement
Written on wooden boards, the 21 Demands were made by the Strike Committee in August 1980 in
Gdansk and led to the creation of Solidarity, the first free trade union within the Communist bloc. This
political watershed also resulted in the establishment of free trade unions, the abolition of censorship and
the release of political prisoners which changed the future fate of Poland, Europe and the world.

Nicolaus Copernicus' masterpiece "De revolutionibus libri sex"
Mikolaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus) is considered to be one of the fathers of the Renaissance, along
with such illustrious names as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti and Galileo. As a humanist,
philologist, doctor and father of modem economy, his place in the pantheon of the world's greatest thinkers
is assured due to his heliocentric theory of the universe. His theory revolutionized man's comprehension of
the world and became the foundation of many branches of science. Kopernik's autography "De

                                                       14
revolutionibus libri sex" from ca 1520 is by for the most important treatise to be found in the Jagiellonian
Library in Cracow.

Warsaw Ghetto Archives (Emmanuel Ringelblum Archives)
The Ringelblum Archives consists of a collection of 1,680 archival units (approx. 25,000 pages) retrieved
from the ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in Nazi-occupied Europe (approximately 500,000
inhabitants). It comprises government documents, materials concerning the ghetto resistance, testimonies
of the fate of Jewish communities during the Holocaust, literature, works of art and private correspondence
collected by victims in order to pass on information about the Holocaust to future generations. It
documents the Shoah, the fate of its Jewish community of 3,500,000 people.

Masterpieces of Fryderyk Chopin
Chopin, like Bach, Mozart, Beethoven and Verdi, is considered to be a composer of lasting and universal
value. One of the most important features of his music is its originality and novelty. Apart from Europe, he
also made a name for himself in Asia (especially in Japan and Korea) and in the Americas. Even though
Chopin was one of the fathers of Romanticism, his music had its individual character and his achievements
outclassed those of his predecessors and followers.

National Education Commission Archives
Archival records a general reform of the education system following a uniform, complete curriculum and
organisational concept which was introduced in Poland and whose social and political impact led to the
birth of national identity.

Codex Suprasliensis - Mineia  etia, Mart (The Supral Codex - Menology, March)
Joint Inscription with the Russian Federation and Slovenia
Codex, to be read in March, consisting of 285 parchment folios that describe the lives of saints and the
teachings of Fathers of the Church. One of the earliest testimonials to the arrival of Orthodox Christianity
among the Slavs and the largest of the few surviving manuscripts written in Old Church Slavonic.

Portugal
Letter of Pêro Vaz de Caminha
The letter, dated 1st May 1500 to the King of Portugal D. Manuel I, is the first document describing the
land and people of Brazil. It was written when the Portuguese arrived in the new world for the very first
time and records Brazil's annexation to the crown of Portugal. The letter is rich in detail, with observations
that bear witness to the encounter of the "old" and "new" worlds.

Corpo Cronológico - Collection of Discovery Manuscripts
A collection of 83,212 documents, mainly from the 15th and early 16th centuries. It is one of the first
testimonies of global relations and influences between civilizations and adds to knowledge of political,
military, economic and religious history of several countries from the Age of Discovery.

Treaty of Tordesillas of 7 June 1494
Joint Inscription with Spain

Russian Federation
Archangel Gospel of 1092
The Gospel is unique from the point of view of its linguistics, palaeography and codicology. It was
purchased by the Rumyantsev Museum in the late of 19th Century and was described and incorporated in
the Museum collection (f. 178) of the manuscript department. It is of great significance in the human
written history of universal philosophy and culture and the development of ancient Russian literature.

Khitrovo Gospel
This Gospel is widely known for eight miniatures and ornaments by Andrei Rublyov and artists from his
era. It was kept in the sacristy of the Troitse Sergievea Lavra and in 1920, the collection of the sacristy was
added to that of the Russian State Library. This Gospel gives an outstanding idea of the stage of the

                                                      15
development of ancient Russian Literature, of its book writing schools and workshops and of the
dissemination of the Slavonic church language.

1st century Slavonic publications in Cyrillic script
This collection of international value, consisting of 63 books, is of great importance to the cultural heritage
of Slavonic nations. Most of these publications are exceptionally rare and some are unique. They antedate
the early books printed by I. Fedorov by 70 years.

Newspaper collections
This is a documentary source of the history of the Russian State and its worldwide influence. It consists of
the first four newspapers of the period of Peter the Great who turned Russia towards the west (the
beginning of the 18th century); the district and provincial newspapers including literary gazettes of the
Enlightenment (mid 19th century); the newspapers of the Russian revolution (from 1905 to 1917) and
Great patriotic war (WWII) which have enormously influenced not only Russia but the whole world as
well.

Maps of the Russian Empire and its collection of the 18th century
The collection is one of great cultural importance to the world. Vast geographical explorations and
cartographic work greatly broadened knowledge not only of the interior of the country but of the northern
coast of Asia, the Far East and the Pacific. The second collection "Handwritten and printed town maps of
the 2nd half of the 18th to the beginning of the 19th century" is of great interest in terms of toponymic and
economic data about the Russian empire.

Russian posters of the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries
This collection is a part of the pictorial collection of the library. It is the largest collection of Russian
posters in the world and constitutes a valuable national and international heritage of deep importance for
studies of Russian art, culture and history. Mary of the posters are in great demand throughout the world
for different exhibitions.

Historical Collections (1889-1955) of St. Petersburg Phonogram Archives
This corpus of over 35,000 historical recordings in the field of ethnomusicology, ethnolinguistics, and
philology, amounts to over 500 hours of recorded sound material. A high proportion of items relate to the
earliest period of recording with a phonograph in the field, i.e. before 1910. These collections represent a
fairly comprehensive legacy of orally transmitted cultures, languages, and rites, which have since
undergone substantial changes, and sometimes have even been lost, of the former Tsarist Russian Empire
and the later Soviet Union. Many of these recordings are the oldest of their kind, and some are unique.

Codex Suprasliensis - Mineiačetia, Mart (The Supraśl Codex - Menology, March)
Joint inscription with Poland and Slovenia

Saudi Arabia
Earliest Islamic (Kufic) Inscription
An inscription located on a red sandstone block of rock in northwestern Saudi Arabia on the ancient trade
and pilgrimage route connecting the early Islamic city of al Mabiyat with Madain Saleh. It is the oldest
Islamic inscription found so far and mentions the date of the death of the second Caliph of Islam, Omar bin
al Khattab in the year 24 Hegira (corresponding to 644 AD).

Senegal
Fonds of the Afrique occidentale française (AOF)
The AOF holdings, which belong to the common heritage are of a tremendous cultural, historic and social
interest. They include an immense stock of documentation on art and on a number of Islamic brotherhoods
such as Mouridism and Tidjanism, as well as on Catholicism in French West Africa. The AOF holdings
contain some edifying information on the Island of Goree, a symbol of slavery, which has been classified
as a world heritage site by UNESCO.


                                                      16
Serbia and Montenegro
Nikola Tesla's Archive
A unique collection of manuscripts, photographs, scientific and patent documentation, indispensable to the
study of the history of electrification. Tesla's inventions have been crucial to the development of many of
today's technologies including radio, radar, television, motors of all kinds, and computers. The Archive has
a collection of 160,000 pages of patent documentation, scientific correspondence, scientific papers,
manuscripts, technical drawings, scientific measuring data, personal documents, and legal papers and
around 1,000 original photographs of Tesla's experiments and inventions.

Miroslav Gospel - Manuscript of 1180 AD.
A manuscript with miniatures of outstanding beauty. It is representative of illuminated manuscripts of a
specific style and iconography resulting from fusion of elements of the West (Italy) and the East
(Byzantium)

Slovakia
Illuminated Codices from the Library of the Bratislava Chapter House
A unique collection of more than 3,000 volumes from the 12th to the 19th centuries as well as musical
codices (Bratislava antiphonaries I V) from the 1st and 16th centuries containing numerous illuminations
and illustrations. Of the original 139 medieval codices recorded in the 19th, the holdings currently contain
101 medieval manuscript volumes from the period of the 12th to 16th centuries.

Basagic Collection of Islamic Manuscripts
The collection of 284 volumes of manuscripts including 589 individual works (393 Arabic, 117 Turkish
and 88 Persian) contains unique sources of world Islamic culture and has worldwide significance as an
outstanding and comprehensive documentation of Bosnia's written literature in 16th-19th centuries through
evidence of literary and scientific activities of Bosnian Muslim scholars. After the destruction of the
National Library in Sarajevo it has become the unique collection of Bosnian Muslim literature.

Mining maps and plans of the Main Chamber - Count Office in Banská Stiavnica
Almost 20,000 maps and plans from the 17th century to the beginning of the 20th century on the subject of
mining, metallurgy and minting in the Austro-Hungarian Empire which is reported to have significantly
affected the development of mapping in the Habsburg kingdom and abroad.

Slovenia
Codex Suprasliensis - Mineiačetia, Mart (The Supraśl Codex - Menology, March)
Joint Inscription with Poland and the Russian Federation

Spain
Treaty of Tordesillas of 7 June 1494
Joint Inscription with Portugal
Both Portugese and Spanish versions of the agreement between King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen
Isabella I of Castile and King John II of Portugal establishing a new demarcation line that effectively
divided the world between them.

South Africa
Bleek collection
The Bleek Collection consists of papers of Dr W H I Bleek (1827-1875), his sister-in-law Lucy Lloyd
(1834-1914), his daughter Dorothea Bleek (1873-1948) and G W Stow (1822-1882) relating to their
researches into the San (Bushman) language and folklore, as well as albums of photographs. Bleek
developed a phonetic script for transcribing the characteristic clicks and sounds of the /Xam language
which is used by linguists to this day. The material provides an invaluable and unique insight into the
language, life, religion, mythology, folklore and stories of this late Stone Age people.

Liberation Struggle Living Archive
Unique audiovisual recordings documenting key events that occurred as part of the struggle against the

                                                    17
Apartheid government. Footage includes many of the main leaders of the anti-Apartheid movement.

Criminal Court Case No. 253/1963 (State Versus N Mandela and Others)
Court records of the Rivonia Trial of the top leadership of the anti-apartheid organization leading to the
imprisonment of Nelson Mandela. It includes documents and exhibits related to the trial.

Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands)
Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and South Africa

Sweden
Astrid Lindgren Archives
Approx. 100 shelf metres of manuscripts, short hand drafts, correspondence, clippings, photos, audiovisual
recordings and other material created by Astrid Lindgren herself, one of the most influential writers of
literature for children and young adults in the 20th century

Emmanuel Swedenborg Collection
One of the biggest existing collections of manuscripts from the 18th century, and one of the very few in
modern times that has served as the basis for a new Christian church.

Ingmar Bergman Archives
The archives of Ingmar Bergman containing his entire personal collection, covering some 65 years of
artistic creation. It includes manuscripts, typescripts with personal annotations in handwriting,
photographs, behind-the-scenes-footage from the shooting of 18 of Ingmar Bergman's films, along with
private and professional correspondence.

Alfred Nobel Family Archives
16 linear metres of written documents, photos, drawings and paintings containing the Nobel Family
Archive and Alfred Nobel's archive documenting their industrial and commercial activities. Nobel's will is
included among the papers.

Tajikistan
14th century Tajik Persian Manuscript
This is the most ancient manuscript of Ubayd Zakoni and Hafiz Sherozi and is a great example of classic
literature, containing the complete works ("Kulliyat") of the celebrated Tajik Persian writer Ubayd Zakoni
and "Gazalliyt", by the well known poet Hafiz Sherozi. The manuscript has a special design in which
Hafiz' poems are placed around Ubaid Zakoni's text.

Tanzania
Collection of Arabic Manuscripts and Books
More than 800 books and manuscripts, with some material over 300 years old, providing insight on various
aspects of Islam, Arabic literature and rhetoric, the history of ideas in Zanzibar and Eastern Africa.

German Records of the National Archives
The German Records reflect the situation during the "great period" when most of the European powers
were busily dividing Africa among themselves. During this period, many events took place which changed
the face of Africa, changes which can only be understood by referring to these documents. This includes
the transformation of the German East Africa colony of Tanganyika into present day Tanzania, Rwanda
and Burundi.

Thailand
King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription

                                                   18
A siltstone pillar from 1292 AD., its four sides bear the oldest known inscriptions in the Thai language in
Sukhotai scripts. The inscription's value as a historical document was made evident when it was used to
support Thailand's successful proposal to inscribe the Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic
Towns on the World Heritage List in 1991.

Trinidad and Tobago
Derek Walcott Collection
The collection is of world significance. It was generated by Derek Walcott, whose literary output has won
him many outstanding international awards, including the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1992. It consists of
original, unique documents whose social, cultural and spiritual value transcends a national culture.

Eric Williams Collection
The collection is of worldwide significance since it documents the life and times of Dr. Eric Williams,
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, international statesman and esteemed scholar, during the period
1956-1981. The material depicts various aspects of Dr. Williams' life and his contribution to Trinidad and
Tobago, the Caribbean region and the world. His scholarship comprises a number of significant writings.
His seminal work, Capitalism and Slavery, has made an indelible contribution to the historiography of
slavery and has defined the study of Caribbean history.

C.L.R. James Collection
Original documents including correspondence, manuscripts, pamphlets, personal and literary papers as well
as the books that formed the personal library of the late Cyril Lionel Robert James, one of the leading
intellectuals of the 20th century. His influence spanned the Caribbean, Africa, the United Kingdom and the
United States of America.

Turkey
Süleymaniye Manuscript Library: the works of Ibn Sina
This is the complete collection of all the manuscript copies, some of them dating back to the 10th century,
of surviving works by Abdallah Ibn al Hassan Ibn al Ali Ibn Sina (980-1038), often known by his Latin
name of Avicenna. The manuscripts are unique and some are rendered more precious because of their
calligraphic styles, illuminations, miniatures, illustrations and bindings.

Hittite cuneiform tablets from Bogazköy
The archive of cuneiform clay tablets from Bogazköy (ancient Hattusas) represents the only extant
recorded material about the Hittites civilization, one of the most powerful political organizations of the
Middle East during the 2nd millennium B.C. Most of our knowledge relating to that period of history in
Asia Minor and partially in the Middle East comes from these approx. 25,000 tablets recording social,
political, commercial, military, religious, legislative and artistic lives of the era. They include the Treaty of
Quadesh tablets signed between the Hittites and Egyptians. This well known treaty ofeternal peace
guaranteed peace and security throughout the area.

Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Manuscripts
Mathematics, medicine and astronomy were the core disciplines of Islamic science in the Ottoman Empire.
There have been quite a number of works written on these subjects in Turkish, Arabic and Persian. The
collection focuses on astronomical, astrological, mathematical and miscellaneous works and is perhaps the
only collection in the world with manuscripts on related subject matters. The collection in the library
comprises a total of 1,339 works in 581 volumes.

Ukraine
Collection of Jewish Musical Folklore (1912-1947)
The world's foremost repository of Jewish folk music recorded on Edison wax cylinders. Comprising over
1,017 cylinders of two to seven minutes of music each, the recordings constitute invaluable source material
for the study of the almost vanished art and traditions of Ashkenazi Jews in the early 20th century.

United Kingdom

                                                       19
The Battle of the Somme
Five reels of 35mm film, total length 5005 ft (1525 metres). A uniquely significant documentary record of
one of the key battles of the First World War and as the first feature-length documentary film record of
combat produced anywhere in the world

Hereford Mappa Mundi
The only complete example of a large medieval world map intended for public display. It shows not only
locations of places and geographic features but also acts as a visual encyclopaedia with historical,
anthropological, ethnographical, biblical, classical and theological information.

Appeal of 18 June 1940 (See under France)
Joint inscription with France

United States of America
Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes
Joint inscription with Germany
A large uncoloured wall map of the world, on twelve separate and unjoined wood cut sheets centred on
Europe, Asia, and Africa, in the Ptolemaic tradition, showing the Americas on the west side and Japan on
the easternmost portion. This was also the first printed wall map of the world and is the first map to give
the name of "America" to the New World, in honour of Amerigo Vespucci.

The Wizard of Oz (Victor Fleming 1939), produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Original camera negative and earliest generation master elements in existence. A Technicolor film with a
black and white beginning and ending which has become one of the most widely seen films in history.

Uruguay
Original records of Carlos Gardel Horacio Loriente Collection (1913-1935)
This private collection of 800 original records, with their original paper sleeves, by Carlos Gardel is the
most complete in Uruguay. It includes the 29 musical genres and the different styles, which made up
Gardel's repertoire preserving the singer and film actor's unique voice and art.

Uzbekistan
Holy Koran Mushaf of Othman
This manuscript is the earliest existing written version of the Koran. It is the definitive version, known as
the Mushaf of Othman, superseding all former versions. The third Caliph Othman, who ordered its
compilation, was assassinated while reading it and his death precipitated the deep Sunni-Shia schism which
has divided the Muslim community since then.

Collection of the Al Biruni Institute of Oriental Studies
This is one of the most important collections of Central Asian manuscripts. It reflects the role of this part of
the world as a crossroads of the Silk Road and its importance in the development of Islamic science and
culture. The collection is of great significance for the study of the history and culture of the peoples of
Central Asia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and the Arab world, and of the political, diplomatic and
cultural relations between them.

Venezuela
Writings of the Liberator Simon Bolivar
The work of Bolivar is of universal importance. His writings constitute a political, social and military
record which is still pertinent to the affairs of American and European countries. The importance of his
actions is immeasurable and his political thought and vision of the future are incomparable.

Collection of Latin-American photographs of the 19th Century
This is the most comprehensive historical collection of nineteenth century Latin American photographs in
existence anywhere on the American continent. The collection takes the form of 8,000 titles depicting a
great variety of subjects. These include urban development in major populated centres, ports, landscape,

                                                      20
rural life and important personalities. All the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are represented.

Colombeia: Generalissimo Francisco de Miranda's archives
Sixty-three volumes of documents, manuscripts, prints and maps organized by Miranda himself concerning
his travels, the French revolution and the independence struggles of Spanish-American colonies.




                                                     21

				
DOCUMENT INFO