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					                                                                  OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH SERVICES
                                                                 ANIMAL HANDLER RISK ASSESSMENT
                                                                       Rabbits (Wild and Lab)
                                                                                                                                              MEDICAL            RISKS FOR
                   BIOLOGICAL                    ROUTE OF                                                         PREVENTION/
 SPECIES                                                                   CLINICAL SYMPTOMS                                                SURVEILLANCE       EXPOSURE AT
                HAZARD/PATHOGEN                TRANSMISSION                                                       PROPHYLAXIS
                                                                                                                                              REQUIRED               UCD
                                         Contact with animal and        Fever, chills, profuse              Personal hygiene, use of             No          No at UCD - Case
                                         newborn animal, ingestion of   sweating, weakness,                 protective clothes, and                          reports from China
                                         animal products, inhalation    insomnia, constipation,             disinfectants                                    of Brucella spp in
Rabbits    Brucella suis biotype 2       of airborne agents,            anorexia, headache,                                                                  rabbit handlers
                                         contaminated food and          arthralgia, general malaise,
                                         water                          irritation, nervousness,
                                                                        depression
                                         Contact with infected          Mites causing papular,              PPE, personal hygiene,                No                No
           Cheyletiella infestation      animals                        pruriginous dermatitis on           repellants.
                                                                        arms, thorax, waist, thighs.
                                         Ingestion of contaminated      Rising and falling fever, chills,   Wear protective clothing,             No                Yes
                                         water and food, aerosols,      asthenia, joint and muscle          protection of food and water
           Francisella tularensis
                                         scratch, bite, tick            pain, cephalalgia, vomiting,
                                                                        ulceroglandular
                                         Flea bite, skin abrasions or   Fever, chills, cephalalgia,         Flea and rodent control. PPE          No                No
                                         bites                          nausea, generalized pain,
                                                                        diarrhea, constipation,
                                                                        toxemia, shock, arterial
           Plague
                                                                        hypotension, rapid pulse,
                                                                        anxiety, staggering gait,
                                                                        slurred speech, mental
                                                                        confusion, prostration
                                         Aerosols, birthing by-         Fever, chills, profuse              PPE, personal hygiene            Q-fever Titer          No
                                         products, dust, leather,       sweating, malaise, anorexia,        Vaccine not available in USA.
                                         wool, tick bite                myalgia, nausea, vomiting,
           Q-fever
                                                                        cephalalgia, retroorbital pain,
                                                                        slight cough, mild
                                                                        expectoration, chest pain
                                         Contact with skin, spores      Inflamatory dermatophytosis         Avoid contact with wild               No                Yes
                                         contained in the hair and                                          animal, isolate sick animal
                                         dermal scales shed by the                                          and treat with topical
                                         animal                                                             antimycotics or griseofulvin
           Trichophyton mentagrophytes                                                                      administered orally, and
                                                                                                            remains of hair and scales
                                                                                                            should be burned and rooms,
                                                                                                            stables, and all utensils
                                                                                                            should be disinfected




    REVIEWED 10/07

				
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posted:4/25/2010
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