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					                                             DANIDA


    DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AFFAIRS
                AND TOURISM




                                       ANNEXURE E


 NATIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
     IMPLEMENTATION SOUTH AFRICA




RECYCLING CRITERIA FOR SELECTION
 OF THE RECYCLING PILOT PROJECTS


          Project Steering Committee



                 3 May 2005
National Waste Management Strategy Implementation Project




     NATIONAL WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
         IMPLEMENTATION SOUTH AFRICA




 RECYCLING CRITERIA FOR SELECTION
  OF THE RECYCLING PILOT PROJECTS


                            Project Steering Committee



                                           3 May 2005




Ref:              104.Sydafrika.1.MFS.57-1
Report no:        01                                        Prepared by:   SD, HW
Version no:       Draft                                     Checked by:    TJ, HM
Date:             2005-05-23                                Approve by:    PMG
National Waste Management Strategy Implementation Project




Table of Contents


ABBREVIATIONS............................................................................................................................... 1

1.      BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE PILOT PROJECTS ......................................................... 2

2.      PILOT PROJECT TOPICS AND SELECTION OF SUITABLE WASTE STREAMS FOR UNDERTAKING
         PILOT PROJECTS......................................................................................................................... 2
     2.1        PILOT PROJECT 1: INDUSTRIAL WASTE EXCHANGE SYSTEM ............................................... 3
     2.2        PILOT PROJECT 2: GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL OFFICE PAPER RECYCLING ............... 7
     2.3        PILOT PROJECT 3: GARDEN WASTE /GREENS COMPOSTING .............................................. 12
3.      CRITERIA IN SELECTION PILOT PROJECT FACILITY ................................................................... 15

4.      MEETING FREQUENCY ................................................................................................................ 15

5.      PROPOSED TIME FRAMES FOR PILOT PROJECTS ...................................................................... 15




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ABBREVIATIONS


CB                    Capacity Building
CBO                   Community Based Organisation
CTA                   Chief Technical Advisor (long-term expatriate consultant)
DALA                  Department of Agriculture and Land Administration
DANIDA                Danish Donor Agency
DEAT                  Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
DEAT-CBU              DEAT Capacity Building Unit
DWAF                  Department of Water Affairs and Forestry
ECBU                  Environmental Capacity Building Unit
EIA                   Environmental Impact Assessment
I&APs                 Interested and Affected Parties
IP & WM               Integrated Pollution and Waste Management
LFA                   Logical Framework Analysis
MEC                   Member of the Executive Council (Provincial Minister)
NEMA                  National Environmental Management Act
NGO                   Non-Governmental Organisation
NWMS                  National Waste Management Strategy
NWMSI                 National Waste Management Strategy Implementation
PIP                   Project Implementation Plan
PMG                   Project Management Group
PPC                   Project Preparation Committee
PSC                   Project Steering Committee
RSA                   Republic of South Africa
SAPPI                 South African Paper Pulp Industries
WIC                   Waste Information Centre
WIS                   Waste Information System




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1.     BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE PILOT PROJECTS

       The Recycling component for the National Waste Management Strategy
       Implementation (NWMSI) Project makes provision for the execution of Pilot Studies that
       are intended to identify new waste stream to be recycled and existing initiatives are
       expanded and improved. The pilot selection is also influenced by the outcomes of the
       provincial workshops on recycling and the conclusions of the Waste Stream Analysis
       and Prioritisation document.

       In the pilot areas, new waste streams are identified, existing initiatives are expanded,
       and improved and new initiatives are implemented. Appropriate mechanisms are
       identified and developed that promote sustainable recycling by all members of the
       recycling chain. Appropriate mechanisms for recycling within specific circumstances
       will be based on an appraisal of the social, environmental and economic benefits and
       costs of recycling in comparison with one-way consumption and disposal.

        Verifiable indicator:     Increased quantities of waste including new waste streams, being
                                  sustainably recycled within the pilot project area.
        Means of verification:    Reporting through WIS.
        Assumptions:              Co-operation of all role players and stakeholders.
                                  Sufficient incentives to recycle notwithstanding the availability of relatively
                                  cheap raw materials.
                                  Pilot projects successfully implemented and dissemminated.




2.     PILOT PROJECT TOPICS AND SELECTION OF SUITABLE WASTE
       STREAMS FOR UNDERTAKING PILOT PROJECTS

       The approach followed in identifying suitable pilot projects was as follows:
            Potential priority waste streams were identified, evaluated and prioritised (refer to
             the Waste Stream Assessment and Prioritisation for Recycling study report,
             DEAT, 2005);
             Existing recycling initiatives, their nature and impact on the environment were
              considered;
             The relative contribution of the waste stream to the total waste load at landfills
              was considered; and
             Care was exercised not to duplicate other existing recycling initiatives but to
              propose pilot projects that will investigate new significant aspects of recycling.

       The table below proposes possible pilot projects that could be implemented and
       would have a significant impact on the way waste is managed in South Africa.




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    Brief Pilot Project                                        Components
                                   Project Participants                               Funding
       Description                                              Included

                                DEAT/Sedibeng District       Recycling/Capacity
1. Industrial Waste                                          Development
                                Municipality/Emfuleni                             WMSI
Exchange
                                Municipality
2. Collection and sorting       DEAT / Mbombela        Recycling/Capacity NWMSI/Mbombela
   of government                Municpality/Mpumalanga Development
                                                                          Municipality
   /commercial office           DALA/Department of
                                                                          (Through DPLG)
   paper                        public works/SAPPI
3. Recycling of garden
  waste at landfills for        DEAT / Municipality          Recycling            NWMSI
  compost




  2.1     Pilot Project 1: Industrial Waste Exchange System
          Background
          The program for the National Waste Management Strategy Implementation Project,
          Recycling Component, makes provision for the investigation of and possible pilot
          implementation of an Industrial Waste Exchange initiative as a mechanism for bring
          about waste reduction in South Africa. As a first step toward developing such an
          initiative, a brief review of the status quo of industrial waste exchange internationally
          and locally has been undertaken and is set out in a report entitled: Review of
          Industrial Waste Exchange (DEAT, 2005). Based on this review, recommendations
          are made on possible mechanisms to take the initiative forward.

          One of the more promising mechanisms to encourage Industrial Waste Exchange is
          public-private-partnerships between municipalities and industries to jointly address
          waste management problems. The Recycling Team undertook an investigation to
          identify a suitable local or district authority, which is experiencing problems with the
          disposal of industrial waste at which the implementation of a Waste Exchange System
          could possibly present a solution.

          Status
          The Cape Town Metro is the only municipality in South Africa that is currently
          operating a formal Industrial Waste Exchange System. An opportunity to establish
          another system in one of the other provinces was investigated. After having
          discussions with a number of local authorities, the Sedibeng District Municipality (i.e.
          including the Vereeniging and Vanderbijlpark area) were identified as a potentially
          suitable candidate municipality for a pilot study for the implementation of a Waste
          Exchange System. The area is highly industrialized and one of the local authorities in



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         the district (Emfuleni municipality) is faced with a significant industrial waste disposal
         problem.

         Emfuleni is experiencing problems with industrial waste disposal at its local landfill
         sites. It is in the process of planning a regional landfill to address the current
         industrial waste disposal problems.        However, the provincial authorities have
         indicated that approval of a regional site will only be considered if all other options
         have been thoroughly investigated and implemented where appropriate. Discussions
         have been on going between the municipality, the district Municipality (Sedibeng, who
         would be the owners of the proposed regional landfill) and the various industries that
         require appropriate means to dispose of their industrial waste.

         Various meetings have been held with the key stakeholders and at a recent meeting
         (March 2005) it was agreed to investigate the Industrial waste Exchange approach
         and develop an Action and Implementation Plan for this purpose.
         Challenges:
          Coordination of the initiative;
          Capacitating the staff of the local and district municipalities to drive the process.
             Both technical and management skill are required;
          Reluctance from the industrialists to disclose their hazardous waste streams and
             volumes; and
          Address various legal issues (e.g. liability) associated with waste exchange.

         Opportunities:
          Significantly reducing load of hazardous waste to landfills;
          Finding alternative uses for industrial waste generated in significant quantities
            with a high potential for environmental pollution.
          Significant financial savings.




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PILOT PROJECT 1: INDUSTRIAL WASTE EXCHANGE

Recycling LFA Matrix
Objectives                  Description                                              Verifiable indicators                              Means of verification
Development                 Reduced generation and environmental impact of all
objective                   forms of waste, so that the socio-economic
                            development of South Africa, the health of its people,
                            and the quality of its environmental resources are no
                            longer adversely affected by uncontrolled and
                            uncoordinated waste management
Immediate objective         Develop an industrial waste exchange program for the Increase use of IWEX by industrial waste               Reports from IWEX software through Sedibeng DM WIS
                            Sedibeng District Municipality, as a model for reducing generators.
                            industrial waste currently disposal to landfill sites.
                                                                                    More industrial waste is diverted for other uses
                                                                                    and recycled rather than being disposed at
                                                                                    landfills
Outputs                     Description                                              Verifiable indicators                              Means of verification
                      1     Industrial waste exchange program developed and          Report on development and implementation of        Quality assurance of report
                            implemented.                                             program
                      2     Stakeholder increased awareness of the potential of      Analysis of awareness and capacity                 Interviews
                            industrial of waste exchange and capacity to use
                            IWEX.
                      3     Crosscutting activities addressed                        Crosscutting issues implementation report          Quality assurance of report

Activities                  Description                                              Verifiable Indicators                              Means of verification
Re. Output 1          1.1   Develop industrial waste exchange program                                                                   Sedibeng DM / DEAT NWMSI Project Working Group
                                                                                                                                        evaluates report and program and recommends approval
                                Undertake a needs assessment                                                                           and implementation
                                                                                         Needs assessment report
                                Develop an Implementation plan
                                                                                         Implementation plan
                      1.2   Implement industrial waste exchange program
                                Secure resources
                                                                                         Establish staff & budgets & infra-structure       Report on PPP & waste exchange technologies
                                Develop and Implement waste exchange                                                                        developed and implemented
                                 mechanisms                                             Public private partnerships; Waste exchange
                                                                                         technologies developed and implemented             Audit staff, budgets & infra-structure in place.
                                                                                                                                           System established and operational.
                                                                                                                                        




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Activities                  Description                                            Verifiable Indicators                             Means of verification
                                Actively identify and connect waste generators        Waste exchange agreements                        Waste exchange agreements in place and signed
                                 and waste users or recyclers
                                Monitor and audit implementation of program                                                             Monitor and audit reports submitted and approved.
                                                                                       Monitor and audit reports
Re. Output 2        2.1     Identify, develop & implement relevant communication   Developed & implemented communication tools       Communication tools available and used
                            tools
                    2.2     Identify and raise awareness with key stakeholders     Aware & active key stakeholders                   Awareness survey
                                                                                                                                     Increased quantities of waste recycled verified through
                                                                                                                                     Sedibeng DM WIS
                    2.3     Develop capacity within the key staff using DEAT       Capacitated key staff                             Key staff educated, trained and working.
                            NWMSI Project Capacity Building consultants
                    2.4     Mentor key Sedibeng DM and Emfuleni Staff in IWEX      Key Sedibeng DM and Emfuleni Staff operating      System operating effectively.
                            using DEAT NWMSI Project Recycling specialist          the system effectively.
                            consultants
Re. Output 3        3.1     Develop enabling policy, strategies and legislation    Enabling policy, strategies and legislation       policy, strategies and recommended legislation submitted
                                                                                   developed                                         to management
                    3.2     Investigate and implement enabling institutional       Enabling institutional arrangements proposed      Proposed institutional arrangements tested with
                            arrangements                                                                                             recommendations submitted to management
                    3.3     Investigate and develop appropriate funding            Suitable funding mechanisms proposed.             Recommended funding mechanisms submitted to
                            mechanisms                                                                                               management.
                    3.4     Dissemination of project outcomes and lessons          Report on dissemination of project outcomes and   Information on pilot outcomes disseminated to all
                            learned within Sedibeng DM and nationally through      lessons learned                                   stakeholders.
                            the DEAT Waste Minimization and Recycling sub-
                            directorate




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2.2      Pilot Project 2: Government and Commercial Office Paper Recycling
         Background
         Office paper is the least recovered and the one with the highest value paper products. The
         Waste Stream Prioritisation study identified waste paper as one of the high priority waste
         streams. This was confirmed with stakeholders at the Provincial Recycling workshops.

         Status:
         Hawkers picking office bins and waste salvagers at landfills sites informally collect office
         paper. The quality of the paper collected in this manner is mostly un-appealing to the
         paper processors because of contamination by other wet wastes. The diagram below
         illustrates the poor recovery of office paper (HLI). The diagram below demonstrates the
         poor recovery of office paper.




                                            HLI Current Market Conditions
                            (Excerpts from African Pulp and Paper Week and PRASA)




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         Challenges:
          Current market prices unappealing; Oversupply on all grades.
          Prices on all grades reduced because of the oversupply situation.
          Competition is getting tougher.
          Importation opportunities due to strong rand.
          Customers have a wide choice of suppliers.
          Customers tightening on specifications.
          Tough customers make the waste market competitive.



         Opportunities and Benefits from Increasing Recycling Recovery Rate
          Increased Job Opportunities.
          Saving Landfill Space - If all household paper/cardboard was recycled ¾ million m3 of
            landfill space would be saved per annum.
          Local Authorities would in the process save R38 million per annum (reduced collection
            and landfill costs).40% less energy is required to manufacture paper from recovered
            paper. Recycled fiber reduces air emissions in papermaking by 70%.The pilot would
            create an opportunity to promote separation at source for all offices, be it private
            sector or government.
          Reducing reclamation at landfills.
          Increase the recycling of white paper as a way of promoting and introducing recyclable
            content in office paper (Move towards Green procurement)
          Setting up of the infrastructure is less complicated and does not need regulatory
            interventions like EIA.
          A chance to participate with DPW on the Expanded Public Works Program and the
            Sivuseni project.
          The following are the statistics for increasing paper recovery rate, i.e. for each ton of
            paper recycled:
            o 3m2 of landfill space is saved.
            o 17 Pine Trees are saved.
            o An estimated 2,9Gj (Gigajoules) of energy is realized (i.e. energy realized from
                paper recycling per annum is sufficient to provide electricity to 512 homes for a
                year)
            o There is a reduction in coal-based emissions of 1 ton of CO2.
            o There is a reduction in electricity-based emissions of 1.8 tons of CO2.
            o There is a reduction of 10kg of SO2.
            o Water consumption is reduced by 50% & wastewater by 35%.
            o This equates conservatively to a reduction of 8m3 of wastewater discharged



         Pilot Area and Project Partners
         The pilot area will be in the Mpumalanga Province and the project partners the Mbombela
         Municipality (Nelspruit), the Mpumalanga Provincial Department of Agriculture and Land
         Administration (DALA) and the Departments of Transport (DOT) and Public Works (DPW),
         and SAPPI. The Pilot is intended to be initiated with the Mbombela Municipality and for the


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         Province to expand it to the other municipalities in the province. The Mpumalanga
         Province is the location of one of the biggest paper mills in the country, the SAPPI paper
         mill, and has one of the largest forests dedicated to paper production. However, relatively
         little paper is recovered in Mpumalanga compared to the other provinces. The potential
         exists for the province to recover and recycle significantly higher quantities of paper than it
         is currently the case.


         Project Description
             To institutionalize waste recycling, with a focus on office paper. The areas identified
              are Mbombela Local Municipality, local offices, provincial government offices and the
              surrounding municipalities.
             To contribute to the alleviation of poverty among women-headed households and
              families with disabled members living in the peri-urban and rural poverty pockets of
              Mbombela in particular, by supporting and institutionalising waste recycling initiatives
              as a key strategy for waste minimization in Mbombela.
             Transforming of the informal groups at the Nelspruit, Hazyview and Mbonisweni landfill
              sites and CDB into registered closed corporations.


         Motivation for Developing and Participating in the Mbombela Waste Minimization
         Project
             Minimal official encouragement of waste prevention, reduction and re-use initiatives.
             Majority of recycling and re-use tends to occur at the mixed source phase rather than
              at source.
             Very little information available of the nature, extent and significance of the recycling
              and re-using of waste generated by the municipality.
             No formal co-ordination of recycling and limited landfill space.
             Recycling mainly commercial driven and informally organised.
             No formal or structured approach to the curbside collection of recyclable material.
             Only urban areas of the Municipality receive an adequate collection service, with
              denser settlements and villages receiving little to no organised service from the
              Municipality.
             Very poor rural communities, i.e. household income levels among people living in peri-
              urban and rural areas of Mbombela vary between R9,400-R14,000 per annum.


         Future Market Outlook and Potential for Success of Pilot Project
          Increased demand for K4 and high-grade waste paper.
          SAPPI will increase waste capacity and hence demand.
          Pricing will remain static for another 12 to 24 months on high grades.
          Pricing will remain static for the next 12 months on K4 and lower in the short term by
            around R50/ton.
          Pricing on CMix, IMW and FN will drop.
          Supply will not slow down due to unemployment levels. If one collector closes, another
            will open.




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PILOT PROJECT 2: OFFICE PAPER RECYCLING


Recycling LFA Matrix
Objectives                  Description                                            Verifiable indicators                                Means of verification
Development
objective
                            Reduced generation and environmental impact of all
                            forms of waste, so that the socio-economic
                            development of South Africa, the health of its
                            people, and the quality of its environmental
                            resources are no longer adversely affected by
                            uncontrolled and uncoordinated waste management
Immediate objective         Increase recycling of paper in Mpumalanga to feed      Increased quantities of waste paper including       SAPPI reporting to WIS on the amount of recoverd paper
                            the SAPPI paper mill in Ngodwana and reduce the        office paper, being sustainably recycled within the from the Pilot Area
                            importation of recyclable paper from other provinces   pilot project area
Outputs                     Description                                            Verifiable indicators                                Means of verification
                      1     Establish/ Develop infrastructure for Pilot Project    Infrastructure Developed                             Pilot project operational and sustainable
                      2     Awareness raising of the project through the region    Analysis of awareness                                Monthly reporting on office paper recycling . SAPPI reports
                            to all stakeholders                                                                                         on the amounts of waste paper from the project coming to
                                                                                   At least 30% more waste waste paper is handled       Ngodwana.
                                                                                   through handled by the pilot project
                                                                                                                                        Reporting to WIS or recorded in the WIC (Waste information
                                                                                                                                        Center)
                      3     Crosscutting activities                                Cross cutting issues addressed including legal,      Recommendations submitted to management
                                                                                   financial, institutional and capacity Development.




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Activities                  Description                                           Verifiable indicator                              Means of verification
Re. Output 1        1       1.   Develop Pilot Project plan                       1.   Pilot plan documentation                     1.   Agreements between all pilot stakeholders
                                                                                                                                    2.   Quality of deliverables needs addressed
                            2.   Identify needs for the pilot project             2.   All needs are addressed
                                                                                                                                    3.   Pilot (system) established, operational and
                                                                                                                                         workingAudit of infrastructure
                            3.   Procure all necessary equipment and establish    3.   Infrastructure and equipment established and
                                 the infrastructure and system                         procured. and in working condition           4.
                            4.   Identify key personnel for the project           4.   Key personnel appointed for the project      Key personnel working on the pilot.
Re. Output 2        2.1     Identify, develop & implement relevant                Developed & implemented communication tools       Communication tools available and used.
                            communication tools
                    2.2     Identify and raise awareness with key stakeholders    Aware & active key stakeholders                   Awareness survey
                                                                                                                                    Increased quantities of waste paper recycled verified
                                                                                                                                    through SAPPI’s reports from their weigh bridge
                    2.3     Develop capacity within the key staff using DEAT      Capacitated key staff                             Key trained staff working effectively.
                            NWMSI Project Capacity Building consultants
Re. Output 3        3.1     Mentor key Mbombela and DALA in Recycling using       Mentored key Mbombela, Provincial and pilot       Key staff operates system effectively.
                            DEAT NWMSI Project Recycling specialist               project staff
                            consultants
                    3.2     Develop enabling policy, strategies and legislation   Enabling policy, strategies and legislation       Policy, strategies and recommended legislation submitted to
                                                                                  developed.                                        management for consideration and approval.
                    3.3     Investigate and implement enabling institutional      Enabling institutional arrangements developed     Recommended institutional arrangements submitted to
                            arrangements                                          and tested                                        management for consideration and approval..
                    3.4     Investigate and develop appropriate funding           Appropriate funding mechanisms proposed.          Recommended funding mechanisms submitted to
                            mechanisms                                                                                              management for consideration and approval.
                    3.4     Dissemination of project outcomes and lessons         Project outcomes and lessons learned              Informed and aware stakeholders and staff.
                            learned within Mobombela project to key               disseminated to all stakeholders.
                            stakeholders and nationally through the DEAT
                            Waste Minimisation and Recycling sub-directorate




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2.3      Pilot Project 3: Garden Waste /Greens Composting
         Background
         Garden waste is generally the responsibility of the municipality. Unlike most developed
         nations were this waste stream has been given a priority in terms of recycling due to its
         volumes, most of South African municipalities have not given attention to garden refuse as
         a way of minimising their waste stream. This was confirmed during the Provincial
         Recycling Workshops, as most have neither composting facilities nor ‘greens’ chippers
         except for the big metros who are faced with the high costs of disposal and depleting air
         space at landfill sites. The crucial need to preserve air space at these landfills is the main
         incentive for these metros to reduce their garden waste.

         Status
         Municipal waste collection and private garden services operators are the biggest collectors
         of garden waste/greens and this waste is disposed of at landfills. The volumes of garden
         greens relative to the total waste stream being disposed of at landfills, is significant and
         can be as high as 35%. Most municipalities do not have the necessary equipment (e.g.
         chippers) to handle their garden waste.

         Challenges
          Markets not responding to compost.
          EIA procedures
          Tender procedures



         Opportunities:
          Reduction of waste streams at landfills by 10-15%
          Reduction in landfill gas generation
          Municipalities and National Botanical gardens replacing fertilizers with compost.
          Job creation
          Reduce illegal dumping



         Potential Pilot Areas
         With this waste stream, a pilot area has not been confirmed yet. A process will be followed
         to confirm municipalities that have shown interest in reducing their garden waste. The
         following sites have shown a potential in piloting garden waste composting investigation:
          Garskloof landfill (Tshwane)
          Robinson Deep (PIKITUP)/City of Johannesburg
          Nelspruit landfill (Mbombela Municipality




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PILOT PROJECT 3: GARDEN WASTE RECYCLING

Recycling LFA Matrix
Objectives                  Description                                              Verifiable indicators                                 Means of verification
Development
objective
                            Reduced generation and environmental impact of all
                            forms of waste, so that the socio-economic
                            development of South Africa, the health of its people,
                            and the quality of its environmental resources are no
                            longer adversely affected by uncontrolled and
                            uncoordinated waste management
Immediate objective         Reduction of garden waste at a landfill through          Less garden greens admitted to landfills and         Weighbridge reports at the pilot landfill
                            recycling and turning it into compost                    increased airspace at landfills and the reduction of
                                                                                     waste at the work phase of landfills
Outputs                     Description                                              Verifiable indicators                                 Means of verification
                      1     Garden Waste recycling system (pilot) established in     A working group comprising of the province,           Garden Waste recycling system (pilot) established,
                            the the pilot region                                     municipality , DEAT and an identified private         operational and working.
                                                                                     enterprise is established and a collaboration
                                                                                     agreement is signed by all stakeholders
                      2     Awareness raising of the project throughout the          Increased awareness of stakeholders                   Verified data available to confirm less garden waste
                            region to all stakeholders                                                                                     delivered to the landfill site.
                                                                                     At least 20% less garden waste is delivered to
                                                                                     the landfill site.                                    Numbers reported to the WIS verified and recorded in
                                                                                                                                           the WIC(Waste information Center.)
                      3     Crosscutting activities                                  Cross cutting issues addressed including legal,       Recommendations submitted to management
                                                                                     financial, institutional and capacity Development.




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Activities                  Description                                            Verifiable indicators                               Means of verification
Re. Output 1        1.1     The Identified waste streams(Garden /Green Waste is    All types of Green waste and generators identified Green waste generators participating in the pilot project.
                            recycled).                                             in the pilot area                                  Verified through Pilot Project report
                                     Identify generators in the area (Garden
                                      service contractors and farmers etc.)
                    1.2     Identify needs for the pilot project                   Needs adressed                                      Quality report on needs
                    1.3     Review different technologies, procure suitable        Pilot system established.                           Pilot operational and working.
                            equipment and establish infrastructure


                    1.4     Identify key personnel for the project                 Key personnel for the project appointed             Key personnel working effectively on the pilot.


Re. Output 2        2.1     Identify, develop & implement relevant communication   Developed & implemented communication tools         Communication tools available and used.
                            tools
                    2.2     Identify and raise awareness with key stakeholders     Aware & active key stakeholders                     Awareness survey.(Increased quantities of green
                                                                                                                                       waste recycled and compost usage )

                    2.3     Develop capacity within the key staff using DEAT       Capacitated key stakeholders                        Key staff operates system effectively.
                            NWMSI Project Capacity Building consultants
Re. Output 3        3.1     Mentor key Pilot municipality and Provincial           Mentored key municipality, Provincial and pilot     Key staff operates system effectively.
                            Department in Recycling using DEAT NWMSI Project       project staff
                            Recycling specialist consultants
                    3.2     Develop enabling policy, strategies and legislation    Enabling policy, strategies and legislation         Policy, strategies and recommended legislation
                                                                                   developed.                                          submitted to management for consideration and
                                                                                                                                       approval.
                    3.3     Investigate and implement enabling institutional       Enabling institutional arrangements developed       Recommended institutional arrangements submitted to
                            arrangements                                           and tested                                          management for consideration and approval..
                    3.4     Investigate and develop appropriate funding            Appropriate funding mechanisms proposed.            Recommended funding mechanisms submitted to
                            mechanisms                                                                                                 management for consideration and approval.
                            Dissemination of project outcomes and lessons          Project outcomes and lessons learned                Informed and aware stakeholders and staff.
                            learned within Mobombela project and nationally        disseminated to all stakeholders.
                            through the DEAT Waste Minimisation and Recycling
                            sub-directorate




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National Waste Management Strategy Implementation Project




3.     CRITERIA IN SELECTION PILOT PROJECT FACILITY
The following aspects have been considered to be the primary criteria to be used when selecting
beneficiaries to the pilot project for recycling:
    Municipality’s current infrastructure to deal with the waste stream identified for the pilot.
     Pressing need for the pilot project identified by the local municipality.
    Little external political interference.
    Full stakeholders buy-in on the project.
    Socio-economic benefits to the beneficiaries.
    Ability to be rolled out countrywide.
    Ability to demonstrate that extensive waste minimization has been achieved.
    Appropriate skills (experience) to implement a pilot project with economic and expert support
     from the project organization;
    Co-operative and open communication lines to all stakeholders;
    Willingness to, and active participation in, the dissemination of achievements and results, for
     example to other provinces with similar problems to solve;
    Willing and able to sustain the pilot project (i.e. own funds and political support) after project
     termination.
    The pilot site should be a public facility, thereby testing the system against the background of
     various constraints experienced by the recycling communities.
    The pilot site should have the necessary institutional capacity (human and financial resources)
     to support the project for the anticipated 6 to 12 month duration, with the understanding that all
     equipment required for the pilot project is to be provided by the NWMSI project and or the
     private sector.


4.       MEETING FREQUENCY

The NWMSI Recycling component together with the pilot project-working group will meet at least
once a month to review the progress of the pilot areas. Reports for every pilot will be generated
and presented to the PMG and the TAC for inputs.



5.       PROPOSED TIME FRAMES FOR PILOT PROJECTS
The provisionally proposed periods for the three pilot projects are:

    Pilot Project 1: Industrial Waste Exchange System – May 2005 – April 2006
    Pilot Project 2: Government and Commercial Office Paper Recycling – June 2005 – May 2006
    Pilot Project 3: Garden Waste /Greens Composting – August 2005 – June 2006.




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