LEED Study Notes by decree


									  TAG                     TITLE                                    INTENT                                              REQ'S/REFERENCE STDS.                                                       TECHNOLOGIES                                             DEFINITIONS
                                                                                                                         SUSTAINABLE SITES

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Erosion : a combination of processes in which
                                                                                                                                                                                       STABILIZATION: Temporary Seeding; Permanent             materials of the earth's surface are loosened,
                                                  Control erosion to reduce negative impacts on          Sediment control plan conforming to EPA 832/R-92-005, Storm Water              Seeding; Mulching. STRUCTURAL CONTROL:               dissolved or worn away and transported from one
  SS Pr1       Erosion & Sedimentation Control
                                                               water and air quality                                         Construction Activities, Ch. 3                             Earth Dike; Silt Fence; Sediment Trap; Sediment             place to another by natural agents.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Basin                             Sedimentation : the addition of soils to water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               bodies by natural and human related activites.

                                                                                                     NO Development on the following: Prime Farmland as defined by USDA Title                                                                 Development Footprint : the area on the project
                                                                                                      7, Vol. 6, Parts 400-699, Section 657.5; Land whose elevation is lower than 5                                                           site that has been impacted by any development
                                                                                                        feet above the elevation of the 100-year flood per FEMA; Land specifically   Smaller building footprint; set aside large contiguous       activity, including hardscape, access roads,
                                                  Avoid development of inappropriate sites and
                                                                                                          identified as habitat for any species on Federal or State threatened or    areas for natural space on project site; build in dense parking lots, non-building facitlites, and building
   SS 1                 Site Selection             reduce the environmental impact from the
                                                                                                     endangered lists; Within 100 feet of any water including wetlands per US Code       blocks to limit development footprint and site      structure. Ecosystem : a basic unit of nature that
                                                         location of a building on a site
                                                                                                      of Federal Regs 40CFR, Parts 230-233 & 22; Land which prior to acquisition                           disturbance.                          includes a community of organisms and their
                                                                                                       for the project was public parkland, unless land of equal or greater value is                                                               nonliving environment linked by biological,
                                                                                                         accepted in trade by the public landowner (ex: Park Authority Projects).                                                                       chemical and physical processes.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Choose sites based on infrastructure, transportation
                                                                                                                                                                                     and quality of life considerations. Determine the total
                                                                                                                                                                                      area of the project site and the total SF of building;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Greenfield : undeveloped land or land not
                                                    Channel development to urban areas with           Increase localized density to conform to existing or desired density goals by      Calculate the development density for project;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             impacted by human development. Property Area :
   SS 2             Development Density           existing infrastructure, protect greenfields and     using sites that are located within and existing min. development denisty of Determine appropriate density radius; Overlay on map
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the legal property boundary of a project including
                                                     preserve habitat and natural resources.                        60,000 SF/Acre (two story downtown development)                    to show density boundary; Create SF and density
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 all constructed and non-constructed areas.
                                                                                                                                                                                     calculations for all buildings within density boundary,
                                                                                                                                                                                    to show average property density within boundary = or
                                                                                                                                                                                                   greater than 60K SF/Acre

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Bioremediation : use of microorganisms &
                                                 Rehabilitate damaged sites where development                                                                                     Prioritize site remediation activities per budget, test for
                                                                                                Sites documented as contamined per ASTM E1903-97 Phase II Environmental                                                                        vegetation to remove contaminants from water &
                                                        is complicated by real or perceived                                                                                            toxicitiy/hazmat, clean site using established
   SS 3          Brownfield Redevelopment                                                        Site Assessment, or a site classified as a brownfield by local, state or federal                                                              soils. Risk Assessment : method use to analyze
                                                 environmental contamination, reducing pressure                                                                                    technologies with minimal disruption on natural site
                                                                                                             gov. agency. Effectively remediate contamination                                                                                 potential health effects caused by contaminants in
                                                              on undeveloped land.                                                                                                              features, continue monitoring.

                                                                                               4.1: Locate project within 1/2 mi. of commuter/light rail or subway or 1/4 mi. of
                                                                                                         2 or more public or campus bus lines;                       4.2:
                                                                                                                                                                                      Bike/Changing facilities: identify total # of full-time
                                                                                                    Commercial/Institutional buildings-provide secure bicycle storage with
                                                                                                                                                                                       equivalent (FTE) occupants based on std. 8 hour
                                                                                               changing/shower facilities within 200yds. of building for 5% or more of regular
                                                                                                                                                                                      workday. A full time worker has an FTE value of 1
                                                                                               building occupants. Residential: covered storage facilities for bikes for 15% or
                                                                                                                                                                                      while a half time worker is .5. Total FTE values for Alternative Fuel Vehicles : use low-polluting, non-
                                                 Reduce pollution and land developemnt impacts more of building occupants;                 4.3: Provide alternative fuel vehicles
SS 4.1 - 4.4      Alternative Transportation                                                                                                                                          each shift to obtain total # of FTE occupants. Min. gasoline fuels like electricity, hydrogenn, propane,
                                                              from automobile use                   for 3% of occupants and preferred parking for these vehicles or install
                                                                                                                                                                                     bike parking = 5% of FTE during max. shift (one with CNG, liquid natural gas, methanol and ethanol.
                                                                                               alternative-fuel refueling stations for 3% of total vehicle parking capacity of site
                                                                                                                                                                                    highest FTE total). Shower facilities: # bike spaces/8.
                                                                                               4.4: size pkg. capacity to meet but not exceed minimum local soning reqs and
                                                                                                                                                                                        Vehicle Refuel Capacity=total pkg. spacesx3%
                                                                                               provide preferred parking for car/vanpools capable of serving 5% of occupants
                                                                                                                                                                                              Carpool spaces = FTE Occ x 5%/2
                                                                                                    or for rehab projects-no new parking and provide preferred parking for
                                                                                                               car/vanpools capable of serving 5% of occupants.
                                                                                                                      5.1: Greenfield sites: limit site disturbance inc. earthwork and clearing of
                                                                                                                     vegetation to 40' beyond bldg perimeter, 5' beyond primary roadway curbs,
                                                                                                                     walkways and main utility branch trenches & 25' beyond constructed areas
                                                                                                                    with permeable surfaces that require additional staging areas in order to limit             Clearly mark construction and disturbance          Development Footprint : entire bldg footprint,
                                                                       Conserve existing natural areas and restore
                                                                                                                     compaction of constructed area OR on previously developed sites: restore                 boundaries, delineate lay down, recycling and       access roads, parking, hardscape. Open Space
SS 5.1 - 5.2                Reduced Site Disturbance                  damaged areas to provide habitat and promote
                                                                                                                   min. 50% of site area excl. bldg. footprint by replacing impervious surfaces with         disposal areas and use paved areas for staging      Area : property area minus development footprint,
                                                                                                                      native or adapted vegetation.                     5.2: reduce development                                 activities.                               must be vegetated and pervious.
                                                                                                                    footprint to exceed local zoning's open space reqs. for site by 25%, for areas
                                                                                                                     with no local zoning reqs-designate open space area adjacent to building =
                                                                                                                                                      bldg. footprint.

                                                                                                                         If existing perviousness is less than or equal to 50%, implement a stormwater
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Cluster/concentrate development to reduce qty of        Constructed Wetlands : engineered systems
                                                                                                                          mgmt plan that prevents post-developemnt 1.5 year 24 hour peak discharge
                                                                                                                                                                                                            paved surfaces. Vegetated roofs, pervious paving        designed to mimic natural wetland treatment
                                                                       Limit disruption and pollution of natural water        rate & qty from exceeding the pre-developemnt 1.5 year 24 hour peak
  SS 6.1                    Stormwater Management                                                                                                                                                            and stormwater cachment systems for re-use in       properties; Detention Ponds : capture stormwater
                                                                           flows by managing stormwater runoff              discharge rate & qty OR if existing imperviousness is greater than 50%,
                                                                                                                                                                                                             flushing systems are all ways to limit stormwater      runoff and allow pollutants to drop out before
                                                                                                                          implement a stormwater mgmt plan that results in a 25% decrease in rate &
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  runoff.                              release to a stormwater or water body.
                                                                                                                                                     qty of stormwater runoff.

                                                                                                                          Construct site stormwater treatment systemd designed to remove 80% of the                                                                     Total Phosphorous : organically bound
                                                                                                                          average annual post-development total suspended solids (TSS) and 40% of Infiltration Basins and Trenches are devices used to                      phosphates, poly-phosphates and
                                                                         Limit disruption and pollution of natural water
                                                                                                                            the average annual post-development total phosphorous (TP) based on        encourage subsurface infiltration of runoff folumes         orthophosphates in stormwater, originating from
  SS 6.2                    Stormwater Management                     flows by managing stormwater runoff, increasing
                                                                                                                          average annual loadings from all storms less than or equal to the 2-year/24-  through temporary surface storage. Basins must             fertilizer; Total Suspended Solids : particles or
                                                                       on-site infiltration and eliminating contaminants
                                                                                                                         hour storm, as delineated in BMP's CH4, Part 2, US document EPA-840-B-92-        drain within 72 hours. Trenches are shallower          flocs that are too small or light to be removed from
                                                                                                                                                              002                                                                                                             stormwater via gravity settling.

                                                                                                                            Provide shade within 5 yrs and/or use light colored high-albedo materials                                                         Albedo : ratio of reflected solar energy to incoming
                                                                                                                          (reflectance of at least .3) and/or open grid pavement for at least 30% of the                                                           solar energy over wavelenghts of .3 to 2.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Trellises with vines and shade trees, open grid
                                                                        Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on        site's non-roof impervious surfaces, incl parking, walkways, plazas, etc… OR                                                         micrometers. A reflectance of 100% means that all
  SS 7.1                    Heat Island Effect non-roof                                                                                                                                                  parking/paving systems that increase perviousness by
                                                                        microclimate and human and wildlife habitat         place min. 50% of parking spaces underground or covered by structured                                                                  of the energy striding a reflecting surface is
                                                                                                                           parking OR use an open-grid pavement system for min 50% of parking lot                                                             reflected back into the atmosphere and none of the
                                                                                                                                                                area                                                                                                      energy is absorbed by surface

                                                                                                                         Use Energy-Star compliant and high emissivity roofing (.9 per ASTM 408) for                                                                  Infrared or Thermal Emittance : parameter
                                                                        Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on
  SS 7.2                      Heat Island Effect roof                                                                        min. 75% of roof OR install vegetated roof for at least 50% of roof.              Coatings, vegetated roofs, and metal roofs.        between 0 & 1 (or 0% & 100%) that indicated the
                                                                        microclimate and human and wildlife habitat
                                                                                                                           Combinations of high-albedo and vegetated roof must cover 75% of roof                                                                 ability of a material to shed infrared radiation (heat)

                                                                                                                        IESNA Recommended Practice Manual: Lighting for Exterior Environments
                                                                                                                       (RP-33-99). Exterior luminaires with more than 1000 initial lamp lumens are
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cutoff Angle : angle between the vertical axis of a
                                                                                                                       shielded, and all luminaires with more than 3500 initial lamp lumens meet the        Use low-reflectance ground covers. Aiming angles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  luminaire and the first line of sight (of a luminaire)
                                                                       Eliminate light trespass from the building and Full Cutoff IESNA Classification. Maximum candela value of all interior lighting        greater than 45 deg. Above vertical should be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  at which the light source is no longer visible; Full
   SS 8                      Light Pollution Reduction                  site, improve night sky access and reduce      shall fall within the building (not out through windows) and maximum candela         avoided. Use motion sensors, photocells, stepped
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cutoff : luminaire has zero candela intensity at an
                                                                      development impact on nocturnal environments value of all exterior lighting shall fall within the property. Any luminaire within a     dimming, automatic switching and time clocks to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 angle of 90 deg. above the vertical axis (nadir) and
                                                                                                                         distance of 2.5 times its mounting height from the property boundary shall                       control exterior lighting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     at all angles greater than 90 deg. from nadir
                                                                                                                          have shielding such that no light from that luminaire crosses the property

                                                                                                                                         WATER EFFICIENCY SECTION

                                                                                                                         Use hight efficiency irrigation technology OR use captured rain or recycled site                                                        Graywater : wastewater from lavatories, showers,
                                                                       Limit or eliminate the use of potable water for                                                                                    Retain existing plants on site whenever possible, use
  WE 1.1            Water Efficient Landscaping 50% Reduction                                                                water to reduce potable water consumption for irrigation by 50% over                                                               bathtubs, washing machines and sinks not used for
                                                                                     landscape irrigation                                                                                                      plants adapted/native to site microclimate
                                                                                                                                                       conventional methods                                                                                     disposal of hazmat or waste from food preparation

               Water Efficient Landscaping no potable H2O use or No    Limit or eliminate the use of potable water for   Use only captured rain or recycled site water to eliminate all potable water use    Use xeriscaping, integrated pest management,
  WE 1.2
                                     Irrigation                                      landscape irrigation                      for site irrigation OR no permanent landscape irrigation systems                 mulching, timed pruning and mulching
                                                                                                                                                                                               Constructed wetlands, mechanical recirculating sand Tertiary treatment : the highest form of wastewater
                                                             Reduce generation of wastewater and potable         Reduce use of municipally provided potable water for building sewage
                                                                                                                                                                                               filters and aerobic biological treatment reactor (check treatment, including removal of organics, solids
   WE 2            Innovative Wastewater Technologies         water demand while increasing local aquifer      conveyance by a minimum of 50% OR treat 100% of wastewater on site to
                                                                                                                                                                                                    with local planning depts on codes. Low-flow        and nutrients as well as biological or chemical
                                                                              recharge                                                    tertiary standards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   plumbing fixtures                                      polishing

                                                              Maximize water efficiency within buildings to      3.1: Use 20% less water than usage baseline calculated for building (NIC
                                                                                                                                                                                               Waterless urinals and very low flow plumbing fixtures,
WE 3.1 - 3.2       Water Use Reduction 20% and 30%           reduce the burden on municipal water supply        irrigation) after meeting Energy Policy Act of 1992 requirements 3.2: Use
                                                                                                                                                                                                 faucet aerators and motion sensors on faucets
                                                                       and wastewater systems                                  30% less water than baseline as identified above

                                                                                                                                  ENERGY & ATMOSPHERE

                                                                                                                                                                                                       Engage a commissioning authority; form
                                                                                                              Implement or have a contract to implement the following procedures: -                    commissioning team; document owner's
                                                                                                               Engage a commissioning team that does not include individuals directly               requirements; review basis of design; create a
                                                               Verify & ensure that fundamental building     responsible for project design or construction management. -Review the             commissioning plan; include commissioning req's in
 EA PR 1       Fundamental Building Systems Commissioning   elements & systems are designed, installed and     design intent & the basis of design documentation.            -Incorporate            bid documents; verify installation of specified
                                                                   calibrated to operate as intended       commissioning requirements into construction documents. -Develop & utilize a equipment; start-up and check-out documentation by
                                                                                                           commissioning plan.                                -Verify installation, functional contractor; sampling and functional testing of systems;
                                                                                                           performance, training, operation & maint. -Complete a commissioning report.            training of owner's maint. team; O&M Manuals of
                                                                                                                                                                                                installed goods; complete the commissioning report.

                                                                                                                Design building to comply with ASHRAE/IESNA Std. 90.1-1999 Building
                                                            Establish minimum level of energy efficiency for                                                                                     Energy Cost Budget Method, also used for EA 1-
 EA PR 2              Minimum Energy Performance                                                               Envelope; HVAC; Service Water Heating; Electric Power Distribution; Electric
                                                                      the base building & systems                                                                                                        Optimize Energy Performance
                                                                                                                                        Motors & Drives; Lighting

                                                                                                                                                                                                 See EPA's list of substitutes for Ozone-Depleting
                                                                                                               Zero use of CFC-based refrigerants in new base building HVAC&R systems;
 EA PR 3          CFC Reduction in HVAC&R Equipment                     Reduce ozone depletion                                                                                                   Substances for current alternatives. Some are not
                                                                                                                    Phase-out of all CFC's in reused existing base building equipment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                suitable for retrofits

                                                                                                                                                                                           Regulated energy systems include: HVAC, Service
                                                                                                             Reduce design energy cost compared to the energy cost budget for energy       hot water; interior lighting. Non-Regulated systems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Design Energy Cost : design case of the project,
                                                            Achieve increasing levels of energy performance systems regulated by ASHRAE/IESNA Std. 90.1-1999 by using the whole                include: plug loads, exterior lighting, garage
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   modeled first, then mandatory and prescriptive
                                                               above the prerequisite standard to reduce    bldg. simulation model of Energy Cost Budget Method:          New Bldg: 15%; ventilation and elevators (apply for ID credits if non-
   EA 1               Optimize Energy Performance                                                                                                                                                                                                provisions of the standard are applied to devise the
                                                            environmental impacs associated with excessive Existing Bldg: 5% = 1 Point                           For each 5% increase in     regulated systems are also designed to reduce
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   baseline case, also known as the Energy Cost
                                                                              energy use                   either New or Existing, add 1 Point up to a total of 10 Points (60% for New and energy consumption. Methods for increased energy
                                                                                                                                          50% for Existing)                                 performance are: reduced demand, harvest free
                                                                                                                                                                                                        energy, increase efficiency.

                                                                                                               2.1: Supply at least 5% of the building's total energy use (expressed as a
                                                            Encourage and recognize increasing levels of on-
                                                                                                              fraction of annual energy cost) through the use of on site renewable energy         Wind turbines; solar cells and biomass are most
                                                              site renewable energy self-supply in order to
EA 2.1 - 2.3               Renewable Energy                                                                  systems                                               2.2: Supply at least 10%                           common
                                                             reduce environmental impaces associated with
                                                                                                             as described above                                 2.3: Supply at least 20% as          %Renewable energy = 100 x REC/DEC
                                                                         fossil fuel energy use
                                                                                                                                            described above
                                                                                                                           In addition to PR 1, have a contract in place for: Commissioning authority
                                                                                                                       independent of design team conduct review of design prior to CD's phase; said
                                                                                                                        authority shall conduct a review of CD's near completion, prior to issuance for
                                                                          Verify & ensure that the entire building is
                                                                                                                            construction; said authority shall review contractor's submittals relative to
 EA 3                    Additional Commissioning                      designed, constructed and calibrated to operate
                                                                                                                          systems being commissioned; provide the owner with a single manual that
                                                                                        as intended
                                                                                                                         contains the information required for re-commissioning bldg systems; have a
                                                                                                                        contract in place to review O&M with staff, including resolutions of outstanding
                                                                                                                          commissioning related issues within 1 year after completion of construction

                                                                                                                                                                                                               Common substitutes are HFC's, but list of alternatives
                                                                          Reduce ozone depletion and support early          Install base building level HVAC&R equipment and fire suppression systems
 EA 4                         Ozone Protection                                                                                                                                                                 can be found with EPA's Significant New Alternatives
                                                                           compliance with the Montreal Protocol                                 that do not contain HCFC's or Halons
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Policy Program (SNAP)

                                                                                                                             Install continuous metering equipment for the following: lighting systems &
                                                                                                                                 controls; constant and variable motor loads; variable frequency drive           Develop a Measurement & Verification plan that
                                                                          Provide for the ongoing accountability and
                                                                                                                                operation; chiller efficiency at variable loads; cooling load; air & water      incorporate monitoring information consistent with
 EA 5                    Measurement & Verification                       optimization of biulding energy and water
                                                                                                                               economizer and heat recovery cycles; air distribution static pressures &        Options B, C or D of 2001 International Performance
                                                                             consumption performance over time
                                                                                                                              ventilation air volumes; boiler efficiencies; building-related process energy    Measurement & Verification Protocol, Vol 1 (IPMVP)
                                                                                                                                systems & equipment; indoor water risers & outdoor irrigation systems

                                                                                                                               Provide at least 50% of the building's electricity from renewable energy            Where green power is not available, tradable
                                                                       Encourage the development & use of grid-source
                                                                                                                               sources by engaging in at least a 2-year renewable energy contract, as           renewable energy certificates (TRC's) can be used
 EA 6                           Green Power                             renewable energy technologies on a net zero
                                                                                                                             defined by the Center for Resource Solutions Green-e products certification        (also known as Green Tags). Typically there is a 1
                                                                                      polllution basis
                                                                                                                                                            requirements.                                               cent/KWH premium for green pwr.

                                                                                                                                              MATERIALS & RESOURCES

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Minimum area sizes for recycling: 0-500 SF = 82 SF;
                                                                        Facilitate the reduction of waste generated by      Previde easily accessible area that serves the entire building & is dedicated to
                                                                                                                                                                                                               5001-15,000 SF = 125 SF; 15001-50000 SF = 175
MR Pr 1              Storage & Collection of Recyclables                  building occupants that is hauled to and           the separation, collection and storage of materials for recycling incl at least:
                                                                                                                                                                                                              SF; 50001-100000 SF = 225 SF; 100001-200000 SF
                                                                                     disposed of in landfills                        Paper, Corrugated Cardboard, Glass, Plastics, and Metals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       = 275 SF; 200001+ SF = 500SF

                                                                        Extend the life cycle of existing building stock,
                                                                        conserve resources, retain cultural resources,
          Building Reuse - Maintain 75% of Existing walls, floors &       reduce waste, and reduce environmental             Maintain at least 75% of existing building structure and shell (exterior skin &
MR 1.1
                                    roof                                  impacts of new buildings as they relate to         framing, excluding window assemblies and non-structural roofing materials)
                                                                            materials manufacturing and transport
                                                                                      (embodied energy)

          Building Reuse - Maintain 100% of Existing walls, floors &
MR 1.2                                                                                                                       Maintain an additional 25% (100% total) of existing bldg structure and shell
           Building Reuse - Maintain 100% of shell/structure and                                                            ADD to above: maintain at least 50% of non-shell areas (interior walls, doors,
MR 1.3
                      50% of non-shell/non-structure                                                                                          floor coverings and ceiling systems)

                                                                                                                                                                                                                Recycling opportunities: land clearing debris; clean
                                                                       Divert construction, demolition and land clearing
                                                                                                                            Develop and implement a waste management plan, quantifying material                  dimensional wood; plywood, osb & particle board;
                                                                       debris from landfill disposal. Redirect recyclable
             Construction Waste Management - Divert 50% from                                                                 diversion goals. Recycle and/or salvage at least 50% of construction,              concrete; CMU; bricks; gypboard (sheetrock); rigid
MR 2.1                                                                 recovered resources back to the manufacturing
                                 landfill                                                                                 demolition and land clearing waste. Calculations can be by weight or volume,            foam insulation; asphals shingles; paint; window
                                                                           process. Redirect reusable materials to
                                                                                                                                               but must be consistent throughout.                                   glass; carpet & pad; plastic film; polystyrene;
                                                                                       appropriate sites
               Construction Waste Management - Divert 75% from
  MR 2.2                                                                                                               Recycle or salvage an additional 25% (75% total ) of waste listed above

                                                                  Reuse building materials and products in order
                                                                   to reduce demand for virgin materials and to   3.1: Use salvaged, refurbished or reused materials, products and furnishings
MR 3.1 - 3.2                  Resource Reuse                         reduce waste, thereby reducing impacts        for at least 5% of building materials                        3.2: salvage,
                                                                 associated with the extraction and processing of                     refurb or reuse 10% of building materials
                                                                                 virgin resources.

                                                                       Increase demand for building products       4.1: Use materials with recycled content such that the sum of post-consumer NIC: Mechanical & Electrical components. Recycled
                                                                     incorporating recycled content materials,      plus 1/2 sum of post-industrial content = at least 5% of the total value of the content materials shall be defined per FTC document
MR 4.1 - 4.2                  Recycled Content
                                                                     therefore reducing impacts resulting from       materials in the project                             4.2: sum = 10% of total      Guides for the use of Environmental Marketing
                                                                 extraction and processing of new virgin materials                            value of materials in project                                       Claims, 16CFR260.7 (e)

                                                                 Increase demand for building products which are     5.1: Use a minimum of 20% of bldg materials & products that are
                                                                    extracted & manufactured within the region, manufactured regionally within a radius of 500 miles                  5.2:
MR 5.1 - 5.2                  Regional Materials
                                                                  supporting the regional economy & reducing the  Of the 20% defined above, use a minimum of 50% of building materials
                                                                   environmental impacts resulting from transport        extracted, harvested or recovered within 500 miles of site

                                                                    Reduce the use and depletion of finite raw   Use rapidly renewable building materials and products (made from plants that Bamboo flooring & cabinetry; cotton batt insulation;
   MR 6                  Rapidly Renewable Materials             materials and long-cycle renewable materials by are typically harvested within a 10-yr cycle or shorter) for 5% of the total value linoleum flooring; sunflower seed board; wheatgrass
                                                                 replacing them with rapidly renewable materials                of all building materials & products used on project                                cabinetry; wool carpet

                                                                  Encourage environmentally responsible forest Use min. 50% of wood materials certified by FSC Principles & Criteria for wood Forest Management Certification to forest mgrs; Chain              Chain of Custody : tracking mvmt of wood from
   MR 7                        Certified Wood
                                                                                 management                                              building components                                          of Custody Cert. for processors/sellers                         forest to vendor for FSC guidelines

                                                                                                                                INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

                                                                                                                                                                                                       Specify, design & install fresh air intakes away from
                                                                 Establish min. Indoor air quality performance to                                                                                      possible sources of contamination (25' recommend,
                                                                    prevent development of indoor air quality         Meet ASHRAE 62-1999, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality, and         40' pref.) areas such as: loading areas, bldg exhaust
  EQ Pr 1                 Minimum IAQ Performance
                                                                  problems in bildings, thus contributing to the     approved Addenda 62-2001, Appendix H, using Ventilation Rate Procedure          fans, cooling towers, street traffic, standing water, pkg
                                                                    comfort and well-being of the occupants                                                                                               garages, sanitary vents, dumpsters & outdoor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          smoking areas

                                                                                                                      Zero exposure of non-smokers to ETS by Either: prohibiting smoking in the
                                                                                                                    building and locating any exterior designated smoking areas away from entries
                                                                                                                     & operable windows OR providing a designated smoking room designed to
                                                                                                                       effectively contain, capture & remove ETS from the building. Must directly
                                                                    Prevent exposure of building occupants &        exhaust outdoors with no re-circ of ETS containing air to the non-smoking area
  EQ Pr 2        Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Control
                                                                                systems to ETS                      of the bldg, enclosed with impermeable deck to deck partitions and operated at
                                                                                                                      a negative pressure compared with the surrounding spaces of at least 7 PA
                                                                                                                     (.03" of water gauge). Must meet ASHRAE 129-1997, less than 1% of tracer
                                                                                                                    gas concentration in smoking room detectable in adjacent non-smoking areas,
                                                                                                                                    and findings must be in commissioning plan/report

                                                                                                                                                                                                     Recommended monitoring locations include:
                                                                                                                                                                                               conference rooms, auditoriums, training rooms (areas
                                                                                                                                                                                                  with variable occupant densities) and within spaces
                                                                                                                                                                                               served by the longest lengths of ductwork. Automated
                                                                                                                     Install permanent Carbon Dioxide monitoring system that provides feedback
                                                                   Provide capacity for IAQ monitoring to help                                                                                   system is preferrable. For static occupant densities
   EQ 1                   Carbon Dioxide Monitoring                                                                       on space ventilation performance in a form that affords operational
                                                                 sustain long-term occupant comfort & well-being                                                                                 on one floor with small occupant load, place 6' - 10'
                                                                                                                                           adjuesments. ASHRAE 62-2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                from nearest person, avoid supply air vents and open
                                                                                                                                                                                                  windows, place near return air vents or in return air
                                                                                                                                                                                                  duct for multiple spaces with small combined floor
                                                                                                                                                                                                        area (but not close to exterior exhaust)
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Recommend displacement ventil., air supply vents at
                                                                                                                  For mechanically ventilated bldgs: ASHRAE 129-1997 with an air change             bottom of occ. space & return vents at top of space,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Air-Change Effectiveness : measurement based
                                                             Provide for the effective delivery & mixing of    effectiveness (Eac) greater than or = .9.                          For naturally    natural ventil., low velocity ventil. and plug flow ventil.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               on a comparison of age of air in occupied portions
EQ 2                Ventilation Effectiveness               fresh air to support the safety, comfort & well-       ventilated bldgs: demonstrate a distribution and laminar flow patter that      (under or near-floor delivery). If audited, room section
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    of bldg to age of air that would exist under
                                                                           being of occupants                  involves not less than 90% of the room or sone area in the direction of air flow    detailing inlets, outlets, furniture, and occ. specific to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                conditions of perfect mixing of the ventilation air
                                                                                                                                      for at least 95% of hours occupied                                 following system types: Mixing systems &
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Displacement/Unidirectional systems.

                                                                                                                                                                                                  Five areas of protection: HVAC Protection (shot down
                                                                                                                                                                                                     return side of system-negative pressure ducting-
                                                                                                                 Develop & implement an IAQ Management Plan for construction & pre-
                                                                                                                                                                                                    during heavy construction & demo, Source Control
                                                                                                                occupancy phases of the building as follows: Meet Design Approaches of
                                                                                                                                                                                                       (finish materials with low/no VOC's; Pathway
                                                          Prevent indoor air quality problems resulting from SMACNA IAQ Guideline for Occupied Bldgs under Construction, 1995 ch. 3;
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Interruption (isolate areas of work, and ventilate with
         Construction IAQ Management Plan - During         construction/renovation process in order to help protect stored on-site of installed absorptive materials from moisture damage;
EQ 3.1                                                                                                                                                                                             outside air where possible); Housekeeping (cleaning
                        Construction                         sustain comfort & well-being of construction    if air handlers must be used during construction, filtration media with a MERV
                                                                                                                                                                                                   activities concentrating on HVAC and bldg spaces to
                                                                     workers and bldg occupants              of 8 must be used at each return air grill per ASHRAE 52.2-1999, and replace
                                                                                                                                                                                                  remove contaminants prior to occupancy); Scheduling
                                                                                                             all filtration media immediately prior to occupancy. Filtration media shall have
                                                                                                                                                                                                    (specify install sequencing of absorptive materials,
                                                                                                                                   a MERV of 13 per ASHRAE 52.2-1999
                                                                                                                                                                                                    complete "wet" adhesive work prior to ceiling tiles,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     carpets, fabrics, etc.)

                                                                                                               Develop & implement an IAQ Management Plan for pre-occupancy phase as
                                                                                                                   follows: Provide for 2 week flush-out of building post construction/pre-
                                                                                                                  occupancy with new MERV 13 filtration media at 100% outside air, then
          Construction IAQ Management Plan - After
EQ 3.2                                                                                                          replace with new MERV 13 filtration at end of flush OR Conduct baseline
              Construction/Before Occupancy
                                                                                                                IAQ testing procedure consistent with USEPA's Protocol for Environmental
                                                                                                               Requirements, Baseline IAQ & Materials for Research Triangle Park, Section

                                                           Reduce the quantity of indoor air contaminants      The VOC content of adhesives & sealants used must be less than current
                                                                                                                                                                                                   All or nothing credit, if one sealant does not meet,
                                                            that are odorous, potentially irritating and/or   VOC content limits of SCAQMD Rule 1168 and sealants used as fillers must
EQ 4.1   Low-Emitting Materials - Adhesives & Sealants                                                                                                                                             nothing meets. Interior = inside moisture barrier of
                                                          harmful to the comfort and well-being of installers meet or exceed Bay Area Air Quality Management District Regulation 8, Rule
                                                                                                                                                                                                        building. MEP systems must also comply
                                                                            & occupants                                                           51

                                                                                                                   VOC emissions from paints & coatings must not exceed the VOC and                Can use averaging of all paints if one does not meet
EQ 4.2    Low-Emitting Materials - Paints & Coatings
                                                                                                                      chemical component limits of Green Seal's Standard GS-11                                         std alone

EQ 4.3          Low-Emitting Materials - Carpet                                                                 Carpet systems must meet or exceed CRI's Green Label IAQ Test Program

                                                                                                                    Composite wood & agrifiber products must contain no ADDED urea-
EQ 4.4     Low-Emitting Materials - Composite Wood                                                                                                                                                       Exterior plywood must be used to meet
                                                                                                                                          formaldehyde resins

                                                                                                                  1: Employ permanent entryway systems (grills/grates/etc) to capture dirt,
                                                                                                                  particulates, etc from engering bldg at high volume entryways           2:
                                                                                                                Chemical use areas such as housekeeping/janitorial and copy rooms must
                                                          Avoid exposure of bldg occupants to potentially         have deck to deck partitions with separate outside exhaust at a rate of .5
EQ 5      Indoor Chemical & Pollutant Source Control
                                                          hazardous chemicals that adversely impact IAQ          CFM/SF, no air re-circ, and maintain neg. pressure of at least 7PA (.03" of
                                                                                                                   water gauge)                                          3: Provide drains
                                                                                                                plumbed for appropriate disposal of liquid waste in spaces where water and
                                                                                                                                       chemical concetrate mixing occurs

                                                              Provide a high level of thermal, ventilation &
                                                          lighting system control by individual occupants or
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Group multi-occupant spaces : conference rooms,
                                                                specific groups in multi-occupant spaces     Provide at least an avg. of 1 operable window and 1 lighting control zone per
EQ 6.1    Controllability of Systems (perimeter spaces)                                                                                                                                                      Aprox. 1 window every 13.5' OC                    classrooms and other indoor spaces used for
                                                             (classroms, conference areas) to promote the        200 SF of all regulary occupied areas within 15' of the perimeter wall
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    congregation to present, train, etc.
                                                            productivity, comfort and well-being of building
                                                                 Provide a high level of thermal, ventilation &
                                                             lighting system control by individual occupants or                                                                                     Raised floor air distribution with supply vents at each
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Individual Multi-Occupant Space : open office plan,
                                                                   specific groups in multi-occupant spaces     Provide controls for each individual for airflow, temperature and lighting for at    station, furniture affixed task lighting. VAV systems
EQ 6.2   Controllability of Systems (non-perimeter spaces)                                                                                                                                                                                                    with workstations, and each individual must have
                                                                (classroms, conference areas) to promote the        least 50% of occupants in non-perimeter regularly occupied spaces               for non-perimeter areas can use a 1:1:2 terminal box
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       comfort controls to earn credit
                                                               productivity, comfort and well-being of building                                                                                                  to controller to occupant ratio

                                                                                                                   ASHRAE 55-1992, Addenda 1995 for mechanically ventilated bldgs; for
                                                             Provide a thermally comfortable environment that                                                                                       Operative Temperatures: Winter: 68 - 74, Optimum
                                                                                                                   naturally ventilated bldgs, use adaptive comfort boundaries using 90%
EQ 7.1       Thermal Comfort Minimum Compliance                 supports the productivity and well-being of                                                                                         tempf 71;                      Summer: 73 - 79,
                                                                                                                  acceptability limist per CHPS Best Practices Manual, Appendix C-A Field
                                                                                occupants                                                                                                                          Optimum temp 76
                                                                                                                 Based Thermal Comfort Standard for Naturally Ventilated Buildings, Figure 2

                                                                                                                                                                                             Airtight bldg envelope; use shading, insulation &
                                                                                                                                                                                            thermal mass to manage int. suface temps; divert
                                                             Provide a thermally comfortable environment that Install permanent temperature and humidity monitoring system configured to rainwater from moisture-sensitive materials; manage
EQ 7.2   Thermal Comfort Permanent Monitoring System            supports the productivity and well-being of         provide operators control over thermal comfort performance & the     flow of water vapor by combining thermal conductivity,              Not achievable in naturally ventilated buildings
                                                                                occupants                        effectiveness of humidification and/or dehimid. systems in the building  vapor resistance & vapor storage capacity properties
                                                                                                                                                                                              of materials well enough to prevent accidental
                                                                                                                                                                                                  humidification/condensation in bldg/shell

                                                             Provide for the occupants a connection between          Achieve a minimum daylight factor of 2% (excluding all direct sunlight         Courtyards, atriums, clcerestory windows, skylights,    Daylight Factor (DF) : ratio of exterior illumination
                                                               indoor spaces and the outdoors through the         penetration) in 75% of all space occupied for critical visual tasks (excl: copy     interior light shelves, exterior fins, louvers and     to interior illumination, using floor area, window
EQ 8.1           Daylight & Views 75% of spaces
                                                                 introduction of daylight and views into the        areas, storage and mechanical areas, laundry and other low occupancy             adjustable blinds are effective strategies for deep    area, window geometry, visible transmittance and
                                                                  regularly occupied areas of the building         support areas or areas where tasks would be hindered by use of daylight                            daylight penetration                                      window height

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Window areas above 7'6" are "daylight glazing" (best Visible Transmittance : ratio of total transmitted
                                                                                                                Achieve direct line of sight to vision glazing for building occupants in 90% of all for deep interior penetration); window areas from 2'6"    light to total incident light -or- amount of light
EQ 8.2           Daylight & Views 90% of spaces
                                                                                                                                regularly occupied spaces (same excl as above)                       to 7'6" are "vision glazing"; window areas below 2'6" passing through glazing surface divided by amount
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       are excl from calcs                             of light striking glazing surface

                                                                                                                                       INNOVATION & DESIGN
 ID 1                  Innovation in Design                  Provide design teams and projects the opportunity to achieve points for exceptional performance above LEED req's and/or innovative performance in Green Building categories not addressed by LEED. Identify the Intent, Requirements,
                                                                                                                                                                 Submittals & Design Approach
 ID 2             LEED Accredited Professional
                                                                   To support & encourage the design integration required by LEED Green Building project & streamline application process, at least one principal participant of project team has passed the LEED Accredited Professional exam

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