Apollo Moon Rocks Teachers Guide by SupremeLord

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									             LESSON 2 TEACHER’S GUIDE

             The Apollo Moon Rocks
             by Luna Fracchia

             Fountas-Pinnell Level R
             Informational Text
             Selection Summary
             Since ancient times, people have been curious about the moon.
             Scientists have studied the moon and astronauts have traveled to the
             moon to collect moon rocks and dirt. Next, scientists hope to send
             people to live on the moon.
                                                                                                                                    Number of Words: 1,430


             Characteristics of the Text
                                      Genre          • Informational text
                              Text Structure         • Information presented in ten short sections
                                    Content          • Moon exploration
                                                     • Similarities and differences between Earth and the moon
                        Themes and Ideas             • For centuries, people have been curious about the moon
                                                      • Space exploration opens new doors to understanding the universe
                          Language and               • Description but no figurative use of language
                       Literary Features
                    Sentence Complexity              • Some dependent clauses
                                                     • A few longer sentences: “This diagram shows how the moon seems to change shape from
                                                       day to day as it moves across the sky.”
                            Vocabulary               • Technical vocabulary: orbits, astronauts, command module
                                  Words              • Some three-syllable words: operator, astronauts, communicated
                           Illustrations             • Photographs and other graphic features (diagrams, timeline)
                Book and Print Features              • Table of contents
                                                     • Twelve pages of text
                                                     • Bulleted text for moon facts
                                                     • Callouts in different color type indicate key points
                                                     • Captions and labels for illustrations
              © 2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.




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              The Apollo Moon Rocks                                    by Luna Fracchia

              Build Background
              Help students use their knowledge about the moon to visualize the selection. Build
              interest by asking a question such as the following: What about the moon interests you
              the most? Read the title and author and talk about the cover photograph. Explain that this
              informational text provides facts about the moon and space travel to the moon.


              Introduce the Text
              Guide students through the text, noting important ideas and helping with unfamiliar
              language and vocabulary so they can read the text successfully. Here are some
              suggestions:
                      Page 3: Tell students that this selection describes what people have learned about
                      the moon. Suggested language: Turn to page 3. The chapter heading tells us that
                      the moon was once a mystery to people on Earth. What do you think early peoples
                      wondered about the moon?
                      Pages 4–5: Explain that people studied the moon. Suggested language: Look at
                      the bulleted list on page 4. The list includes facts that people learned about the
                      moon. One thing they learned was why the moon seems to change. Look at the
                      diagram on page 5. What about the moon seems to change?
                      Pages 6–7: Explain that in 1969, astronauts traveled by spaceship to the moon.
                      Two of them landed on the moon. The third, Michael Collins, was the operator of
                      the control module, the part that remained in space. What do you think were the
                      responsibilities of the operator?
                      Now turn back to the beginning to read more about what people have learned by
                      studying the moon.




                                                                   Target Vocabulary
                   acute – extremely sharp or keen             flawed – has mistakes               simulate – to imitate something
                   adjusted – changed and                      function – to work or operate,        in a way that is very close to
                     improved, p. 7                               p. 14                              the real thing, p. 7
                   axis – a real or an imaginary               operator – someone whose job is    tethered – tied to something else
                      straight line that goes through            to use or control a machine or      to keep it in a limited area
                      the center of a spinning object,           vehicle, p. 6                    version – a form of something
                      p. 4                                                                           that varies from other forms of
                   delicate – fragile                                                                the same thing



              Grade 5                                                         2                         Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
              © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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             Read
             Have students read silently while you listen to individual students read aloud. Support their
             understanding of the text as needed.

             Remind students to use the Question Strategy                                          and to ask questions as
             they read.



             Discuss and Revisit the Text
             Personal Response
             Invite students to share their personal responses to the text.
             Suggested language: If you had the opportunity, would you want to travel to the moon?
             Why or why not?


             Ways of Thinking
             As you discuss the text, help students understand these points:
               Thinking Within the Text                       Thinking Beyond the Text                  Thinking About the Text
               • By studying photographs,                     • Wondering about something               • The chapter headings indicate
                 scientists learned how the moon                can inspire people to learn more          the content.
                 moved in the sky.                              about it.
                                                                                                        • Captions for photographs,
               • By studying samples of moon                  • The more people have learned              callouts, and bullets stand out as
                 rock dirt, scientists learned about            about the moon, the more they             they appear in a different color
                 the surface of the moon, how old               want to know.                             font.
                 the moon is, and the type of rock
                                                              • Science and technology have             • The timeline and diagrams
                 the moon is made of.
                                                                aided and supported moon                  organize and portray information
               • Scientists have also been able to              research.                                 clearly.
                 compare and contrast the moon
                 and Earth.
              © 2006. Fountas, I.C. & Pinnell, G.S. Teaching for Comprehending and Fluency, Heinemann, Portsmouth, N.H.


             Choices for Further Support
             • Fluency Invite students to choral read and interpret the text with their voices.
               Remind them to read at a rate that is appropriate to the text, a rate that is not too
               fast or too slow.
             • Comprehension Based on your observations of the students’ reading and discussion,
               revisit parts of the text to clarify or extend comprehension. Remind students to go
               back to the text to support their ideas.
             • Phonics/Word Work Provide practice as needed with words and word parts, using
               examples from the text. Have students identify the base word and the suffixes in the
               word weightlessness. Discuss the meaning of the word parts and the meaning of the
               word. Have students identify the base words and prefixes and/or suffixes in order
               to explain the meanings of the following words: endless, unanswered, unmanned,
               youngest, and constantly.


             Grade 5                                                                  3                                   Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
             © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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             Writing about Reading
             Critical Thinking
             Have students complete the Critical Thinking questions on BLM 2.7.


             Responding
             Have students complete the activities at the back of the book, using their Reader’s
             Notebook. Use the instruction below as needed to reinforce or extend understanding
             of the comprehension skill.


             Target Comprehension Skill
             Text and Graphic Features                    Remind students that they can use the
             information provided in the graphic features to help them better understand what they
             read in the text. Model how to add details to the Graphic Organizer, using a “Think Aloud”
             like the one below:

                     Think Aloud

                     The dates at each end of the timeline are 1950 and 2000. Each text box
                     along the timeline is labeled with a date, and the dates go in order from
                     left to right. Photographs illustrate the information in most of the text
                     boxes. So, the purpose of this timeline is to show the key events of moon
                     exploration from 1950 to 2000. Add this purpose to the chart.


             Practice the Skill
             Have students share examples of other selections they have read that have included
             graphic features to support the text.


             Writing Prompt: Thinking About the Text
             Have students write a response to the prompt on page 6. Remind them that when
             they think about the text, they reflect back on the text. They should notice and evaluate
             language, genre, literary devices, and how the text is organized.


             Assessment Prompts
             • This selection is mainly about

                ________________________________________________________________.
             • How does the author organize the information in this selection?
             • Which sentences on page 12 support the idea that Earth is different from the moon?




             Grade 5                                                   4                           Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
             © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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             English Language Development
             Reading Support Pair advanced and intermediate readers to read the selection softly,
             or have students listen to the audio or online recordings. Remind students that the word
             Apollo in the title refers to the name of the many space missions made to study the moon.

             Vocabulary The text includes some words that might be unfamiliar to students. Explain
             the meaning of words such as reflects (page 4), phases (page 5), mission (page 6), and
             samples (page 9). Discuss these words in context. Then have students use the words in
             sentences.


             Oral Language Development
               Check student comprehension, using a dialogue that best matches your students’
               English proficiency level. Speaker 1 is the teacher, Speaker 2 is the student.
                Beginning/Early Intermediate                   Intermediate                                                                         Early Advanced/ Advanced
                Speaker 1: What is this selection              Speaker 1: What is one way that the                                                  Speaker 1: What methods have
                 mostly about?                                  moon is similar to Earth?                                                            scientists used to learn about the
                                                                                                                                                     moon?
                Speaker 2: the moon                            Speaker 2: Earth and the moon are both
                                                                made of the same rock materials.                                                    Speaker 2: They have taken and
                Speaker 1: What word names people                                                                                                    studied photographs of the
                 who travel on space missions?                 Speaker 1: What is one way that the                                                   moon. Astronauts have gathered
                                                                moon is different from Earth?                                                        moon rocks and dirt to study.
                Speaker 2: astronauts
                                                               Speaker 2: Moon rocks don’t change,                                                  Speaker 1: How do scientists
                Speaker 1: What did astronauts collect          but rocks on Earth are changing all the
                 to learn about the moon?                                                                                                            hope to study the moon in the
                                                                time.                                                                                future?
                Speaker 2: moon rocks and dirt
                                                                                                                                                    Speaker 2: They hope to be able
                                                                                                                                                     to live on the moon in order to
                                                                                                                                                     study it.
                                                                                                                                                                                                         Lesson 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                BLACKLINE MASTER 2.7
                                                                                                                 Name                                                                   Date


                                                                                                                 Critical Thinking                                                             The Apollo Moon Rocks
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Critical Thinking


                                                                                                                 Read and answer the questions. Possible responses shown.

                                                                                                                   1. Think within the text Why does the moon look like it changes
                                                                                                                           shape?
                                                                                                                           because of the way light falls on it



                                                                                                                   2. Think within the text How are the Earth and moon the same?
                                                                                                                           They have the same structure and are made of the same rock.



                                                                                                                   3. Think beyond the text Describe how you think the astronauts felt
                                                                                                                           about their experience on the moon. Include what you think their
                                                                                                                           feelings were about completing the many tasks and walking on the
                                                                                                                           moon.
                                                                                                                           I think they were excited to be the first people on the moon and

                                                                                                                           proud to do such an important job.



                                                                                                                   4. Think about the text Explain how the headings and pictures help
                                                                                                                           you to understand the story.
                                                                                                                           The headings tell what the sections are about, and the pictures
                                                                                                                           help you visualize moon travel.



                                                                                                                 Making Connections Scientists plan to return to the moon in 2020 and have
                                                                                                                 humans stay. Imagine you will be on that team, and write about what you
                                                                                                                 think it would be like to live on the moon. Describe what you would see and
                                                                                                                 hear. Discuss what you think would happen while you were there.

                                                                                                                 Write your answer in your Reader’s Notebook.



                                                                                                                 Critical Thinking                                                       9        Grade 5, Unit 1: School Spirit!
                                                                                                                 © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




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              Grade 5                                                           5                                                                                 Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
              © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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              Name                                                                               Date


                   The Apollo Moon Rocks
                   Thinking About the Text
                   Think about the questions below. Then write your answer in one to two
                   paragraphs.

                   Remember that when you think about the text, you reflect back on the text.
                   You notice and evaluate language, genre, literary devices, and how the text
                   is organized.

                   The author of this selection included graphic sources such as diagrams and
                   a timeline, and used captions and labels to describe them. Why do you think
                   the author decided to present some information this way? Choose one of the
                   graphic features used in this selection and explain how it clarified
                   information for you.




              Grade 5                                             6                        Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
              © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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                                                                                              Lesson 2
                                                                                        BLACKLINE MASTER 2.7
             Name                                              Date


             Critical Thinking                                                      The Apollo Moon Rocks
                                                                                         Critical Thinking


             Read and answer the questions.

               1. Think within the text Why does the moon look like it changes
                     shape?




               2. Think within the text How are the Earth and moon the same?




               3. Think beyond the text Describe how you think the astronauts felt
                     about their experience on the moon. Include what you think their
                     feelings were about completing the many tasks and walking on the
                     moon.




               4. Think about the text Explain how the headings and pictures help
                     you to understand the story.




             Making Connections Scientists plan to return to the moon in 2020 and have
             humans stay. Imagine you will be on that team, and write about what you think
             it would be like to live on the moon. Describe what you would see and hear.
             Discuss what you think would happen while you were there.

             Write your answer in your Reader’s Notebook.



              Grade 5                                           7                  Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
              © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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                                                                                                                             Lesson 2
          Student                                                                   Date                          BLACKLINE MASTER 2.11




          The Apollo Moon Rocks • LEVEL R                                                                        The Apollo Moon Rocks
                                                                                                                    Running Record Form



                 page                                              Selection Text                               Errors           Self-Corrections


            6                   For centuries, people dreamed about traveling to the moon.

                                In 1969, this dream became a reality. The American space

                                mission Apollo 11 carried the first human beings to the moon.

                                After a four-day trip through space, astronauts Neil Armstrong

                                and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin, Jr., landed on the moon’s surface. A

                                third astronaut, Michael Collins, remained in orbit. Collins was

                                the operator of the command module. The command module

                                would take the astronauts home.

            7                   The landing module remained on the moon’s surface for

                                21 hours and 38 minutes. Outside the module, the astronauts

                                quickly adjusted to walking on the moon.




                                Comments:                                                                  Accuracy Rate          Total Self-
                                                                                                             (# words read        Corrections
                                                                                                           correctly/99 × 100)
                                                                                                                            %




                            Behavior                        Code          Error                 Behavior              Code              Error
                                                                                                                                                                1414248




                                                                                           Substitution             cut             1
                    Read word correctly                 ✓             0                                             cat
                                                        cat
                                                                                           Self-corrects            cut sc          0
                                                                                                                    cat
                    Repeated word,                      ®             0
                    sentence, or phrase                 cat                                Insertion                the             1
                                                                                                                     cat
                                                        —
                                                                                                                    ˆ
                    Omission                            cat           1                    Word told                T               1
                                                                                                                    cat


              Grade 5                                                                 8                            Lesson 2: The Apollo Moon Rocks
                © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company




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