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Digital_StoryTelling Powered By Docstoc
					Digital Storytelling & New
Literacies in 21st century

  Presented by Maaike Bouwmeester
          (NYU, June 2009)
                    Digital Literacy:
                   What does it mean?
How is the traditional notion of "literacy" changing in this
digital age?

Clip 20:45-22:55
                New literacies
Students need to read not just text, but also images and
video and combinations of all three.

"Student writing has never been as visible as they now
are; new media makes stories we have to tell more
salient, showable, memorable, transportable"

"We need to pay attention to the implications of the
circulation of those texts, especially ones that "fix"
students with certain identities"
                                     (Hull, 2008)
             Digital Literacy
Some argue that there is a new type of
literacy needed in today’s world: a multi-
modal digital literacy: the ability to deal
with text, images, and sound.
                Network literacy
"Network literacy means linking to what other people
have written and inviting comments from others,
it means understanding a kind of writing that is a social,
collaborative process rather than an act of an individual
in solitary. It means learning how to write with
an awareness that anyone may read it: your mother, a
future employer or the person whose work you’re writing
about. Yes, it’s difficult. The internet is not a game."
                                              (Jill Walker )
                  New choices...
The new range of choices made available by digital
technology does not necessarily make the act of constructing
an image any more conscious or deliberate... unless basic
questions about selection and manipulation are built into the
process, and made the focus of conscious reflection, these
new choices may well become merely arbitrary
                    (Buckingham, 2003)
      What is Digital Storytelling?
Digital Storytelling is the modern expression of the
ancient art of storytelling. Digital stories derive their
power by weaving images, music, narrative and voice
together, thereby giving deep dimension and vivid color
to characters, situations, experiences, and insights. Tell
your story now digitally.

- Leslie Rule, Digital Storytelling Association
 (6min video + definition)

More info
Preparing for a digital story workshop
1.   Need script
2.   images (or things to scan)
3.   Music
4.   Video
       How to create a digital story
Everything you need to know:

Choose software to assemble and edit your story

Movie Maker: Watch tutorial

iMovie (MAC): Watch tutorial

Other software: see link above
    7 elements of digital storytelling
                 Helen Barrett's FAQ (Center for Digital Storytelling)
1. A Point (of View): Stories are told to make a point and should not
   be presented as a recitation of mere facts. Define the premise of
   your story so that all parts can serve to make the point. Consider
   your audience and direct the point to them.
2. A Dramatic Question: You want to capture your audience’s
   attention at the beginning of the piece and hold their interest
   throughout. Typically you want to pose the dramatic question in the
   opening lines and resolve it in the closing lines.
3. Emotional Content: Emotional content can help hold your
   audiences attention. The images, effects, music and tone of voice
   all lend to contributing emotion to the piece. Try to keep the
   elements consistent with the emotion of the moment.
1. The Gift of Your Voice: Your voice is a great gift and even thought you don’t
   like to hear it, others do.
2. The Power of The Soundtrack: Music is a big plus to a digital story. The
   right music can set the story in time and can convey emotion. Play music
   behind an image and a specific emotion is generated. Change the music
   behind the same image and an entirely different emotion is experienced.
   Sound effects can add tension and excitement to a piece, but be careful, they
   can be a distraction too.
3. Economy: A compact, fast moving digital story will contain only those
   elements necessary to move the audience from beginning to end. Don’t give
   every detail to clarify your story, let your audience fill in some of the blanks.
4. Pacing: The rhythm of the piece is what keeps your audience’s interest in the
   story. Music tempo, speech rate, image duration, and panning and zooming
   speed all work to establish pace. Generally pace will be consistent, but once
   in a while it will pause, accelerate, or stop.
               Web 2.0 Storytelling
                   (Bryan Alexander & Alan Levine) 

User-generated content is a key element of Web 2.0 and can
often enter into these stories. A reader can add content into
story platforms directly: editing a wiki page, commenting on a
post, replying in a Twitter feed, posting a video response in
YouTube. Those interactions fold into the experience of the
overall story from the perspective of subsequent readers.
Web 2.0 stories tend to be accretions over time, layers of
content on top of an original core.
                Web 2.0 Storytelling
                    (Bryan Alexander & Alan Levine) 

More info:

50 tools to create a digital story

Examples of Web 2.0 digital stories

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