Docstoc

Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

Document Sample
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg Powered By Docstoc
					SDI 2009                                                                                                                                  Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                                    Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg
T – Increase =/= Remove a Barrier. ................................................................................................................. 2
States Counterplan ........................................................................................................................................... 3
Politics Links - Plan = Popular – Public .......................................................................................................... 4
Politics Links - Plan = Popular – Obama Pushing for the Repeal of the Hyde Amendment. ......................... 5
Politics Links – Plan = Popular – Obama Pushing Pro-Abortion Agenda. ..................................................... 6
Politics Links - Plan = Unpopular - Funding Abortion Controversial. ............................................................ 7
Politics Links - Repealing Hyde Amendment = Unpopular/Controversial. .................................................... 8
Politics Links - Plan = Unpopular - Dems Oppose Abortion Funding. ........................................................... 9
Politics Links – Repealing Hyde Amendment Costs Political Capital. ........................................................... 10-11
Fetus = Humym/A Life. ................................................................................................................................... 12-13
Abortions Don’t Empower Womyn. ................................................................................................................ 14
Abortions Hurts Equality. ................................................................................................................................ 15
Abortions => Psychological, Spiritual, and Physical Damage. ....................................................................... 16
Abortions Cause Pain to Unborn Babies. ........................................................................................................ 17
Abortions => Suicide. ...................................................................................................................................... 18
Abortions = Gruesome. .................................................................................................................................... 19
Abortions => PTSD. ........................................................................................................................................ 20
Abortions = Genocide. ..................................................................................................................................... 21
Abortions = Holocaust. .................................................................................................................................... 22
Abortions => Increased Risk of Death. ........................................................................................................... 23
AT: Mandlebaum. ............................................................................................................................................ 24
AT: Rescher. .................................................................................................................................................... 25




                                                                                                                                                                  1
SDI 2009                                                                                       Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                  T – Increase =/= Remove a Barrier
A. Interpretation:
increase…
[7.a.] To make more numerous, augment the number of, multiply.
Oxford English Dictionary, 1996. (2d edition, online, last updated February 6, 1996)

B. Violation – the affirmative repeals the Hyde Amendment before any other action is taken. This action
itself removes a barrier to action, but is not an actual increase.

C. Reasons to prefer:

   1. Limits. Their interpretation justifies removing any barrier to action, unlimiting the topic and
      exploding the neg research burden.

   2. Ground. Repealing amendments is core neg counterplan ground. Disad links rely on a net
      increase in social services offered with the plan, not effectually.

   3. Effects Topicality is bad- it’s an independent reason to reject the aff:

       a. Mixes burdens – It makes topicality dependent on solvency and justifies affs that don’t actually
       attempt to increase social services but that merely happen to do so.

       b. Kills predicable neg link ground by separating plan’s topical results from its non-topical
       perception.

       c. Jurisdiction – the judge doesn’t have the jurisdiction to vote for half of the aff plan. It’s all or
       nothing.

D. T is a voter for fairness and education.




                                                                                                                 2
SDI 2009                                                                                           Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                              States Counterplan
Counterplan Text: The fifty states and all relevant territories should ___________________________________




Contention One: Competition – The CP competes off the Net Benefits of Politics and Federalism


Contention Two: Solvency
1. State action is more likely to increase access abortion funding for poor womyn than efforts on the
federal level
Boonstra ’07 (Heather,Senior Public Policy Associate, Guttmacher Institute, Guttmacher Review, Vol. 10, #1);
http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/gpr/10/1/gpr100112.html
Long stymied at the federal level, supporters of abortion funding have turned with some optimism to the states
to jumpstart the movement. An impatient network of prochoice activists, spearheaded by the National Network
of Abortion Funds, has teamed up to launch a public education campaign. The campaign, Hyde—30 Years Is
Enough!, has been endorsed by the major national organizations and is thought to have a real chance of paying
off in at least one state this year. Legislators in Maine are poised to debate whether that state should become the
18th in the nation to use its own funds to subsidize abortions for its Medicaid enrollees. It is to be hoped that
Maine's campaign will be successful, and that it will be the first step in an accelerating, albeit undeniably uphill,
campaign on behalf of the nation's poor women and a critical component of their overall reproductive health
and rights.


2. The Hyde Amendment forbids only federal money for abortion services – proves states can solve
Washington Post 9 [―The District's Money‖ July 7, 2009, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-
dyn/content/article/2009/07/06/AR2009070603303.html]
For years, the District has labored under a provision that prevents it from using local tax dollars to fund or
subsidize abortion services. The Hyde Amendment already forbids state and local jurisdictions from using
federal money for abortion services, but it does not restrict these entities from using local tax dollars.




                                                                                                                    3
SDI 2009                                                                                        Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                Politics Links - Plan = Popular - Public
Abortion is popular among the public – prefer our ev, it cites surveys.
NPR 06 ―[Abortion in the United States; in the courts‖ All Things Considered. LexisNexis.]
This half-hour we're looking at the issue of abortion, the courts and American society. The right to an abortion
is generally popular in the US. A recent Pew Center poll said that 65 percent of Americans favor keeping Roe
vs. Wade. The same poll also says that there is a great deal of support for some restrictions on abortion,
including spousal notification and parental consent.




                                                                                                                   4
SDI 2009                                                                                      Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

Politics Links - Plan = Popular – Obama Pushing for the Repeal of the Hyde Amendment
Obama wants to get rid of the Hyde Amendment
Bioethics Defense Fund ‘9 [Bioethics Defense Fund (BDF) wants to help human rights from beginning to end.
―Save your Hyde(amendment)‖ http://www.bdfund.org/SaveYourHyde.asp]
Barack Obama supports the repeal of the Hyde Amendment. Named after heroic Congressman Henry Hyde, the
Hyde Amendment has strictly limited federal funding of abortion under Medicaid in varying degrees since
1977. It originally provided federal funding only when the mother's life was at risk, but was expanded under the
Clinton administration to include rape and incest exceptions. The non-renewal of the Hyde Amendment will
be an important first step in Obama’s goal of enacting a national health-insurance program that would
mandate coverage of abortion on demand. This would be another first in our nation’s history.


Obama supports access to abortions – plan would be a win
Stolberg 09 [Sheryl, Writer for NYtimes, On Abortion, Obama Is Drawn Into Debate He Hoped to Avoid, Ny
Times, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/15/us/politics/15abortion.html]
He has named abortion rights advocates to top jobs; Dawn Johnson, a former legal director of Naral Pro-Choice
America, is his pick to run the Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel. He has repealed the so-called
Mexico City rule, which prohibited tax dollars from going to organizations that provide abortions overseas;
lifted Mr. Bush’s limits on embryonic stem cell research; stripped financing for abstinence-only sex education;
and is seeking to undo a last-minute Bush regulation giving broad protections to health providers who refuse to
take part in abortions.




                                                                                                               5
SDI 2009                                                                                                                                                                                   Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                      Politics Links – Plan = Popular – Obama Pushing Pro-Abortion Agenda
Obama is pushing his pro-abortion agenda
Ertelt ‘9 [Steven, Editor for lifenews.com. ―Obama Administration promotes pro-abortion agenda at UN’s
women meeting‖ http://www.lifenews.com/int1118.html]
The administration of President Barack Obama is pushing his pro-abortion agenda further and has joined forces
with pro-abortion groups at the United Nations. At the Commission on the Status of Women meeting at UN
headquarters, Obama representatives are pushing language that can eventually be used to promote an
international right to abortion. Pat Buckley, who has been lobbying in New York on behalf of the Society for the Protection of Unborn
Children, a British pro-life group, says the commission is meeting to determine how best to address women's issues.The draft document the panel is considering has a focus on HIV and AIDS but is currently under
negotiations until the end of this week.Buckley tells LifeNews.com, "The new US administration is working to introduce pro-abortion language into the document.""The US, under its new pro-abortion president, is calling for

                                                                                                                explains."In addition, the US is also calling
the promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights, which is likely to be interpreted to include abortion on demand," Buckley

for a review of all national laws to ensure they comply with international human rights instruments, a process
that could be misused by extreme pro-abortion campaigners to force countries to remove restrictions on
abortion," he worries. "The world needs to know just how extreme are the pro-abortion campaigners lobbying at
the UN this week," Buckley adds. "They are demanding a universal right to kill innocent children in the womb."Amy DeRosa, of the Catholic Family and Human Rights Institute, a pro-life group that also
lobbies at the UN, predicted a battle over abortion at the Commission meeting."The annual CSW meetings routinely see efforts to incorporate terms such as 'sexual and reproductive health services' -- recognized as a
euphemism for abortion -- in the concluding outcome document," she wrote in an article LifeNews.com carried."Though this year’s theme focuses on HIV/AIDS, it is anticipated that abortion language will be offered under
the guise of promoting 'comprehensive prevention' programs and health services," DeRosa added.Wendy Wright, president of Concerned Women for America, also cautioned that ―with the new US administration, radicals at
the UN will be even more aggressive in attacking parental rights and pushing abortion-on-demand globally.‖As in past years, Scandinavian countries helped take the lead in pushing the language that could be used to promote
abortion. This year, the governments of Norway and Sweden, as well as the pro-abortion United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), are sponsoring panels on various aspects of ―sexual and reproductive health.‖ The Obama
administration's promotion of abortion at the Commission meeting follows on the heels of his announcement of the creation of a new foreign policy position to focus on women's issues and naming abortion advocate Melanne
Verveer to head it.Verveer, an abortion advocate who served as chief of staff to former First Lady Hillary Clinton, will become an Ambassador-at-Large. Her role as the new Obama ambassador to women abroad?

Promote abortion and overturn pro-life laws in nations across the world.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                           6
SDI 2009                                                                                      Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

             Politics Links - Plan = Unpopular - Funding Abortion Controversial
Any effort to restore public funding for abortion would open up a hornet’s nest of controversy in
Congress.
Boonstra ’07 (Heather, Senior Public Policy Associate, Guttmacher Institute, Guttmacher Policy Review,
Winter, Volume 10, #1); http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/gpr/10/1/gpr100112.html
Most prochoice advocates would probably agree that today, just as in the late 1970s when annual battles raged
in Congress for months at a time, the issue of Medicaid funding for poor women goes to the heart of who has
access to abortion in this country and under what circumstances. Led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), the
House leadership is now firmly supportive of abortion rights and access, even for poor women, and there is in
all likelihood a prochoice majority, however slim, in the Senate. Yet the issue of public funding is not on the
table, and it is not likely to be in the near-term future. Democratic majorities in the House and Senate are
fragile, and party leaders, who have made it clear that they intend to govern "from the center," are unlikely to
volunteer to take up such an inherently controversial issue anytime soon. Even many national prochoice leaders
would argue that, with a president hostile to abortion rights and states like South Dakota passing abortion bans
aimed at forcing an increasingly conservative Supreme Court to reconsider its fundamental abortion rulings, this
is not the optimal time to force a reopening of the funding question.




                                                                                                              7
SDI 2009                                                                                        Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

           Politics Links - Repealing Hyde Amendment = Unpopular/Controversial
Repealing the Hyde Amendment would be massively unpopular – public and Congressional support
proves.
NPR 08 [―Advocates Want Bush Abortion Policies Reversed‖ 12/11/2008. Lexis Nexis]
But most other changes would take legislative action by Congress. Things like repealing the Hyde Amendment
that bars federal funding of abortions for poor women. Also, adding exceptions to the federal ban on so-called
partial birth abortion. On those, abortion rights opponents are already gearing up to defend their ground.
Douglas Johnson is federal legislative director for the National Right to Life Committee. Mr. DOUGLAS
JOHNSON (Legislative Director, National Right to Life Committee): We're going to mount a very vigorous
defense of the existing pro-life policies. The ban on partial-birth abortions, the Hyde Amendment, and these
other policies have broad popular support, and they were won with great effort. And we certainly are going to
defend them to the best of our ability.

The Hyde Amendment is a partisan issue
AP 09 [―Obama plans new abortion agenda‖ 1/21/2009
http://www.newsmax.com/newsfront/obama_abortion_agenda/2009/01/21/173878.html]
Other proposals, supported by moderates and conservatives, would provide incentives for pregnant women to
carry their fetuses to term. But there would likely be bitter debate, largely along partisan lines, if Democrats
try to repeal the 33-year-old Hyde Amendment and other laws that ban federal funding for abortions under
almost all circumstances.




                                                                                                                   8
SDI 2009                                                                                         Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

              Politics Links - Plan = Unpopular - Dems Oppose Abortion Funding
Democrats oppose abortion funding – healthcare debate proves
Time 7/8/2009 [Karen Tumulty, Staff writer. ―Could Abortion Coverage Sink Health-Care Reform?‖
http://www.time.com/time/politics/article/0,8599,1909178,00.html]
The prospect of sweeping health reform, however, has reopened the issue. While current versions of the
legislation do not address the abortion issue at all, late last month, 19 antiabortion Democrats in the House sent
a letter to Speaker Nancy Pelosi, warning that they "cannot support any health-care-reform proposal unless it
explicitly excludes abortion from the scope of any government-defined or subsidized health-insurance plan."
Among those who signed the letter were two members of the House Energy and Commerce Committee (one of
the three panels with principal jurisdiction in the health-reform effort): Bart Stupak of Michigan and Charlie
Melancon of Louisiana.




                                                                                                                     9
SDI 2009                                                                                                    Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                Politics Links – Repealing Hyde Amendment Costs Political Capital
Overturning the Hyde Amendment will cost political capital
Douglas 8 [Emily, Assistant Editor and graduate from Harvard University, Hyde Amendment Robs Women of Reproductive
Choice, RH Reality Check: Information and Analysis for Reproductive Health, http://www.rhrealitycheck.org/blog/2008/10/17/hyde-
amendment-robs-women-reproductive-choice]
Overturning Hyde will be an uphill battle whether Obama becomes president or not. Pro-choice advocates have
long struggled to put progressive legislation that would expand abortion access on the national stage; it's
unlikely that poor women's reproductive health care will find congressional sponsors ready to take on the
fight. The National Network of Abortion Funds and a diverse group of supporters working on the "Hyde - 30
Years Is Enough!" campaign attempted to introduce a resolution in opposition to Hyde in the last Congress and
will try again next year.

Plans to deal with abortion would require immense political capital
Green Change Network ‘9 [Green change network believes in a greener future for all people, ―Democrats in
congress doing little in abortion rights‖ http://www.greenchange.org/article.php?id=3968]
Significant numbers of moderate Democrats, particularly in the House, oppose abortion or are not in favor of
sweeping changes, preferring a more incremental approach. And any large-scale effort involving something as
polarizing as abortion requires spending political capital, something the Obama White House needs in
abundance at the moment to ensure the survival of its economic policies.




                                                                                                                             10
SDI 2009                                                                                                                                    Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                    Politics Links – Repealing Hyde Amendment Costs Political Capital
Attempts to repeal the Hyde Amendment will engender bitter partisan battles in Congress, sapping
Obama’s political capital
Crary, ’09 [David, AP National Writer, Associated Press Online, January 21,
http://www.lexisnexis.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/us/lnacademic/results/docview/docview.do?docLinkInd=true&ris
b=21_T6958078387&format=GNBFI&sort=RELEVANCE&startDocNo=26&resultsUrlKey=29_T6958078391
&cisb=22_T6958078390&treeMax=true&treeWidth=0&csi=147876&docNo=49]
The advent of the Obama administration is rousing enthusiasm among abortion-rights supporters and deep anxiety
among opponents as both sides mark Thursday's anniversary of Roe v. Wade. Abortion-rights groups view President Barack Obama and the
Democratic leadership in Congress as allies who are likely to ease restrictions on federal funding, broaden family-
planning programs, and install federal judges who support the Supreme Court's landmark 1973 decision that legalized abortion. Anti-abortion activists fear
multiple political setbacks and are urging the Republican minority in the Senate to filibuster if necessary. "The
alignment of a hard-core pro-abortion president with pro-abortion Democratic majorities in Congress means
that many existing pro-life policies are now in great jeopardy," Douglas Johnson of the National Right to Life
Committee wrote in a memo this month. "Some damage is inevitable," Johnson added. "But the extent to which the Obama abortion
agenda will be achieved will depend on the perception of elected policy-makers as to how the public is
responding to the proposed changes." Obama can take some steps without Congress. Abortion-rights supporters hope he will quickly repeal the so-
called "global gag rule," which bans overseas family planning groups that receive U.S. funds from providing any abortion-related services or information. "He could
move right away," said Nancy Keenan, president of NARAL Pro-Choice America. "It would make a big, big difference in the lives of poor women abroad." The
president of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Cardinal Francis George, wrote Obama last week urging him to keep the funding ban, arguing that "a shift toward
promoting abortion in developing nations would also increase distrust of the United States." In the U.S., abortion-rights groups are backing what they call a "common-
ground, commonsense" agenda in Congress aimed at reducing the number of unintended pregnancies. The Prevention First Act, already endorsed by Obama, would
increase federal funding for family planning, promote comprehensive sex education, and expand women's access to contraceptives. Other proposals, supported by
                                                                            there would likely be bitter debate,
moderates and conservatives, would provide incentives for pregnant women to carry their fetuses to term. But
largely along partisan lines, if Democrats try to repeal the 33-year-old Hyde Amendment and other laws that
ban federal funding for abortions under almost all circumstances. Abortion-rights activists would like these bans
lifted so that poor women could access abortion through Medicaid and servicewomen could get abortions through military health
programs. Conservatives have mounted a petition drive aimed at pressuring House Appropriations Chairman David
Obey, D-Wis., to preserve the bans.




                                                                                                                                                                  11
SDI 2009                                                                                         Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                          Fetus = Humym/A Life
Scientific ev proves life begins at fertilization
Diamond 2005 [Eugene, M.D., is Professor of Pediatrics and Past Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at
Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine, and a Fellow of The Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity,
(“An open letter to the open minded‖, http://www.culture-of-
life.org/?Control=ArticleMaster&aid=1444&c=1&p=1]
The existence of biologically independent life in the unborn from the moment of conception is supported by the
following observations: A Human life can be made to begin under in-vitro conditions by fertilization of an
ovum by sperm. B The zygote and embryo thus produced are independently viable and not "part of" the Petri
dish or the uterus into which it will be implanted . C Criteria necessary for the definition of "life" rather than
"death" (e.g. heartbeat, electroencephalographic activity) are present early in the first trimester. The unborn
child has a unique dependency on its mother but it will continue to be totally dependent on others long after it is
born. The existence of life is intrinsic and demonstrable. The existence of "personhood" is extrinsic and
conferred by consensus, at times arbitrarily (the Supreme Court, for example, in the Dred Scott decision
declared black slaves to be non-persons or chattel for purposes of the law). The Harvard conference on
Abortion, in both its ethical and medical committees concluded unanimously that life begins at fertilization.
Expert testimony before the East committee in the Senate regarding the beginning of life fell into two
categories: 1.) Life begins at conception(majority view), or 2.) When life begins is uncertain (minority view).




                                                                                                                12
SDI 2009                                                                                            Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                            Fetus = Humyn/A Life
Humyn life begins with conception – the zygote meets all four criteria for being biologically alive
Beckwith 91 [Francis J., Associate Professor of Philosophy at Trinity International University, Spring 1991
Christian Research Journal, http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/text/cri/cri-jrnl/web/crj0077a.html]
Pregnancy begins at conception, the time at which the male sperm and the female ovum unite. What results is
called a zygote, a one-celled biological entity, a stage in human development through which each of us has
passed (just as we have passed through infancy, childhood, and adolescence). It is a misnomer to refer to this
entity as a "fertilized ovum." For both ovum and sperm, which are genetically each a part of its owner (mother
and father, respectively), cease to exist at the moment of conception. There is no doubt that the zygote is
biologically alive. It fulfills the four criteria needed to establish biological life: (1) metabolism, (2) growth, (3)
reaction to stimuli, and (4) reproduction. (There is cell reproduction and twinning, a form of asexual
reproduction, which can occur after conception. For more on twinning, see below.) But is this life fully human?
I believe that the facts clearly reveal that it is. First, the human conceptus -- that which results from conception
and begins as a zygote -- is the sexual product of human parents. Hence, insofar as having human causes, the
conceptus is human. Second, not only is the conceptus human insofar as being caused by humans, it is a unique
human individual, just as each of us is. Resulting from the union of the female ovum (which contains 23
chromosomes) and the male sperm (which contains 23 chromosomes), the conceptus is a new -- although tiny --
individual. It has its own unique genetic code (with forty-six chromosomes), which is neither the mother's nor
the father's. From this point until death, no new genetic information is needed to make the unborn entity a
unique individual human. Her (or his) genetic make-up is established at conception, determining her unique
individual physical characteristics -- gender, eye color, bone structure, hair color, skin color, susceptibility to
certain diseases, etc. That is to say, at conception, the "genotype" -- the inherited characteristics of a unique
human being -- is established and will remain in force for the entire life of this individual. Although sharing the
same nature with all human beings, the unborn individual, like each one of us, is unlike any that has been
conceived before and unlike any that will ever be conceived again. The only thing necessary for the growth and
development of this human organism (as with the rest of us) is oxygen, food, and water, since this organism --
like the newborn, the infant, and the adolescent -- needs only to develop in accordance with her already-
designed nature that is present at conception. This is why French geneticist Jermoe L. LeJeune, while testifying
before a Senate Subcommittee, asserted: "To accept the fact that after fertilization has taken place a new human
has come into being is no longer a matter of taste or opinion. The human nature of the human being from
conception to old age is not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence."[2] There is hence no
doubt that the development of a unique individual human life begins at conception. It is vital that you -- the
reader -- understand that you did not come from a zygote, you once were a zygote; you did not come from an
embryo, you once were an embryo; you did not come from a fetus, you once were a fetus; you did not come
from an adolescent, you once were an adolescent. Consequently, each one of us has experienced these various
developmental stages of life. None of these stages, however, imparted to us our humanity.




                                                                                                                   13
SDI 2009                                                                                        Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                  Abortions Don’t Empower Womyn
Abortions are devastating to womyn – they cause significant emotional and physical consequences, rather
than empowering them
Reardon 93 [David C., Ph.D, director of the Elliot Institute, is a biomedical ethicist and a leading expert on the
aftereffects of abortion on women, a field in which he has specialized since 1983. He is the author of numerous
books and popular and scholarly articles on this topic, ―Abortion and the feminization of poverty‖ The Post-
Abortion Review, Fall 1993, http://www.afterabortion.org/poverty.html]
Abortion advocates claim that the right to abort unplanned pregnancies empowers women. They view
unplanned children as the cause of lost education and career opportunities. Abortion, they claim, enables
women to control their lives, pursue their dreams, and ultimately improve their socio-economic status. But this
argument presupposes that the birth of an unplanned child has a negative effect on women's lives and that
abortion has a positive, or at least neutral, effect. Recent evidence shows otherwise. Thomas Strahan, a
researcher with the Association of Interdisciplinary Research, recently reviewed over 26 studies relating to
abortion's impact on the socio-economic status of women.(1) These studies show the following: - Women who
have had abortions are at greater risk of suffering emotional and psychological problems which may interfere
with their ability to concentrate, make decisions, and interact with others, thereby reducing their level of job
skills and employment opportunities. - Post-abortion women are more likely to engage in drug and alcohol
abuse, often as a means of "numbing" negative feelings stemming from the abortion. This will in turn effect
their ability to function in the workplace and may inhibit their ability to enter into meaningful relationships. -
Women who have had abortions are more likely to become pregnant again and undergo additional abortions.
Nearly 50% of all abortions are repeat abortions. These repeat abortions do not represent "satisfied customers."
Instead, post-abortion women often seek replacement pregnancies to make up for the aborted child, but find
themselves faced with the same social pressures which led to the first abortion. There is also evidence that some
women undergo repeat abortions as an act of "self-punishment" or as attempt to "harden" themselves to
negative feelings stemming from their first abortion.. - Compared to their peers, teenagers who have had one
abortion are 4 times more likely to have a subsequent abortion. Almost 20% of teen aborters have a second
abortion within a year, and 38% have a second abortion within 5 years. - Women who have had abortions
are more likely to subsequently require welfare assistance, and the odds of going on welfare increase with each
subsequent abortion. - Women who have repeat abortions tend to have an increasing number of health problems
and greater personality disintegration, which increases the likelihood of their needing public assistance. - Post-
abortion women have greater difficulty establishing permanent relationships with a male partner. They are more
likely to never marry, more likely to divorce, and more likely to go through a long string of "unsuccessful"
relationships. This inability to form a "nuclear family" reduces household income and increases the probability
that the woman and her children will require public assistance. - Women who have had repeat abortions
are more likely to desire children and are likely to carry one or more subsequent "replacement" pregnancies to
term. This means that many repeat aborters end up becoming unmarried mothers, the very fate they tried to
avoid when they had their first abortion. Only now, they also have to deal with post-abortion psychological and
emotional scars. These studies lead Strahan to conclude that "the repeated utilization of abortion appears to lead
not to economic prosperity or social well-being, but to an increasing feminization of poverty." In light of the
evidence, it is hard to see how abortion has served to empower women. It has not made them richer, or happier,
or more successful. Indeed, it has served mainly to achieve all of the opposite effects.




                                                                                                               14
SDI 2009                                                                                                                     Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                                    Abortions Hurts Equality
Making abortion a critical issue impedes womyn’s chances at equality
Pacillo 1997 [Edith, Clerk to Chief Judge Karen Lansing, Idaho Court of Appeals,
The American University Journal of Gender & the Law, page lexis]
To a large extent, the feminist approach to the pregnancy problem has focused on securing and preserving the abortion right as a means of promoting
women's reproductive autonomy and equality. This article argues that feminists should be skeptical about the efficacy of making
abortion the rallying point it has become because the abortion right, as it exists today, has limited potential to
enhance women's substantive equality. Making abortion the central issue may impede women's chances for
equality because it detracts from other [*115] important issues facing women, namely, the pregnancy problem
- discriminatory treatment of pregnant women by society and the criminal justice system. Additionally, and perhaps
most importantly, feminist rhetoric about abortion has largely failed to acknowledge the moral issues
surrounding abortion. 6 This failure has ultimately damaged the feminist cause by oversimplifying this complex
issue and alienating many supporters in the process. Because the abortion right is only one component of
women's equality, this article urges feminist legal scholars to change the scope of their analysis from securing
and preserving the abortion right to the broader issue of exposing the underlying fallacies supporting state power to
disproportionately regulate female reproduction.




                                                                                                                                                15
SDI 2009                                                                                                                                        Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                            Abortions => Psychological, Spiritual, and Physical Damage
Abortion hurts a womyn psychologically, spiritually, and physically – it should be viewed like torture in
the realm of humyn rights
UN Women’s Representatives, July 21, 2005 [UN experts on the committee, ―Abortion Bad For Women‖
July 21, 2005, http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2005/jul/05072102.html 6/22/07]
In a strange twist from the norm, a representative from the strongly pro-abortion yet influential United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination
Against Women (CEDAW) spoke out at a recent committee session against the abortion myths propagated by the committee.The Catholic Family and Human Rights
Insittute (C-FAM) reports that July thirteenth's committee session began as normal with Vice Chairperson Silvia Pimentel of Brazil demanding answers as to why in
Ireland "women's health remains jeopardized by the lack of availability of abortion." Pimentel suggested that there should be a national referendum on the issue, and
professed her belief that the current abortion law ensures the continuation of "suffering and risk for large-numbers of women."However, another UN 'expert' on the
committee, Krisztina Morvai of Hungary soon spoke up, and expressed her opinion that abortion is a tragedy that should be avoided and that the aim of the committee
                                                                                                  woman actually
should be to eliminate it altogether. "One thing that is invisible and lost in the debate is that abortion is bad for women," said Morvai."No
wants to have an abortion. We have this illusion that women have free choices. But abortion is a terribly
damaging thing psychologically, spiritually and physically." She expressed her hope that one day "abortion
will be the past" and that it will be looked upon as "like torture in the field of human rights." Morvai also
pointed out that many abortions occur because of pressure put upon them by their male partners and called for
a greater focus on the "responsibility of men".




                                                                                                                                                                   16
SDI 2009                                                                                             Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                 Abortions Cause Pain to Unborn Babies
Medical consensus proves – unborn babies suffer intense pain and horrific trauma during abortion
MCCL 4 [MinnesMinnesota Citizens COncerned for Life, ―fetal Pain: unborn babies suffer pain while they are being
killed by abortion,‖ April 29, 2004, http://www.mccl.org/fp_news/fetal_pain.htm, accessed June 19, 2007]
Since medical researchers now widely agree that unborn babies at 20 to 24 weeks gestation experience pain
during prenatal surgery, they most certainly feel pain during abortion. The obvious and horrifying conclusion is
that millions of aborted unborn children have silently suffered greatly in their final minutes of life. The most
common methods used to abort unborn babies at 20 weeks gestation or more involve sharp-edged instruments to
cut, tear and twist the baby's body into pieces, which are extracted from the womb. In a partial-birth abortion,
the unborn baby is delivered feet first, except for the head, which is punctured at the base of the skull with a
sharp object. The brains are then suctioned out, killing the child. Saline instillation is another later-term
abortion method in which salt water is injected into the womb through the mother's abdomen. The unborn baby
swallows this fluid, is poisoned and dies slowly in a process that sometimes takes 24 hours. The toxic saline
solution causes severe burns over the unborn child's entire body.




                                                                                                                   17
SDI 2009                                                                                      Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                          Abortions => Suicide
Womyn who undergo abortions are significantly more likely to commit suicide
Elliot Institute 2005 [The Post-abortion review, ―women’s suicide rates highest after abortion, new study,‖
Nov 29, 2005, http://www.afterabortion.org/News/deaths_smj.html, ACCESSED June 19, 2007]
Compared to women who have not been pregnant in the prior year, deaths from suicide, accidents and homicide
are 248% higher in the year following an abortion, according to a new 13-year study of the entire population of
women in Finland. The study also found that majority of the extra deaths among women who had abortions
were due to suicide. The suicide rate among women who had abortions was six times higher than that of women
who had given birth in the prior year and double that of women who had miscarriages. The epidemiological
study, published in the European Journal of Public Health, was conducted by Finland’s National Research and
Development Center for Welfare and Health (STAKES). The researchers looked at data between 1987 and 2000
on all deaths among women of reproductive age (15 to 49).




                                                                                                            18
SDI 2009                                                                                           Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                           Abortions = Gruesome
Abortionist concedes abortions are extremely gruesome
Valko 2003 [Physicians for Life, Boston Phoenix News ―NY Abortionist Admits Recurring Nightmares About
His Victims‖ http://www.physiciansforlife.org/content/view/83/45/ 6/21/07]
NY City abortionist William Rashbaum revealed that he has recurring nightmares of an unborn child attempting
to escape his butchery. Rashbaum, a gynecologist, is described as "one of the pre-eminent and longest-
practicing providers of second-trimester abortions in the United States ." The article reports Rashbaum's
conversation with a patient: "He tells them that out of 21,000 late-term abortions he has performed, only 18
women lost the ability to have children. He has also never lost a patient and says he'll be furious with her if she's
the first." The article admits "the procedure is gruesome, as anyone who has seen it, including Rashbaum, will
attest…one of his former interns remembers watching Rashbaum do a D&E on well-developed twins one hot
summer day. He intently leaned in closely and methodically pulled piece after piece of the fetuses out of the
mother's uterus, ignoring the attending staff's whispers of horror - 'It's twins. It's twins' - to each other. The
intern reacted violently, running home, throwing up, and asking herself, 'Is this right?'. The article reports that
Rashbaum, "was troubled by a recurring dream of a fetus trying to hold onto the walls of a uterus by its tiny
fingernails." About the nightmares, Rashbaum comments: "What kind of dreams do you think you are going to
have?"




                                                                                                                  19
SDI 2009                                                                                     Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                                   Abortions => PTSD

Womyn who have had an abortion suffer multiple systems comparative to PTSD
NRLC 2006 (―Abortion’s Psycho-Social Consequences Fact Sheet,‖ Dec 2006,
http://www.nrlc.org/factsheets/fs18_abtnpsychosocial.pdf)
Professional counselors who have worked with women who have had abortions have recognized a cluster of
reactions that fit the model of a post-traumatic stress disorder, a psychological dysfunction resulting from a
traumatic experience which overwhelms a person’s normal healthy defense mechanisms. Some of the symptoms
they have found to be typical are: intense fear, anxiety, sense of helplessness, feeling of loss of control,
emotional numbing, difficulty recalling event, guilt, pain, grief, depression, irritability, angry outbursts,
aggressive behavior, sleep difficulties, sexual dysfunction, flashbacks, nightmares, anniversary reactions,
withdrawal from relationships, avoidance of children, pessimism regarding future, drug, alcohol abuse, suicidal
thoughts.




                                                                                                            20
SDI 2009                                                                                         Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                           Abortions = Genocide

Abortion is equivalent to genocide
Cunningham 2 [Gregg, "Abortion Is a Form of Genocide." Opposing Viewpoints: Abortion. San Diego:
Greenhaven Press, 2002]
Abortion is a form of genocide, argues Gregg Cunningham in the following viewpoint. Since 1973, more than
38 million unborn children have been systematically aborted in the United States—an occurrence that
Cunningham maintains is a veritable modern-day holocaust. Moreover, today's justifications for abortion—such
as the claim that fetuses are not persons or will place undue burdens on society—echo historical justifications
for American slavery, racist lynchings, and the Jewish holocaust, the author contends. Cunningham is the
director of the Los Angeles-based Center for Bio-Ethical Reform, an anti-abortion advocacy organization. As
part of its Genocide Awareness Project, The Center for Bio-Ethical Reform exhibits large photo murals
comparing aborted babies with Jewish Holocaust victims, African Americans killed in racist lynchings, Native
Americans exterminated by the US Army, etc. Our purpose is to illuminate the conceptual similarities which
exist between abortion and more widely recognized forms of genocide. This is important because perpetrators
of genocide always call it something else and the word "abortion" has, therefore, lost most of its meaning.
Visual depictions of abortion are indispensable to the restoration of that meaning because abortion represents an
evil so inexpressible that words fail us when we attempt to describe its horror. Abortion will continue to be
trivialized as "the lesser of two evils," or perhaps even "a necessary evil," as long as it is allowed to remain an
invisible abstraction. Pictures make it impossible for anyone with a shred of intellectual honesty to maintain the
pretense that "it's not a baby" and "abortion is not an act of violence." Pictures also make clear to people of
conscience the fact that abortion is an evil whose magnitude is comparable to that of any "crime against
humanity." Educators properly use shocking imagery to teach about genocide and we insist on the right to do
the same.




                                                                                                                21
SDI 2009                                                                                                                                          Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                                                Abortions = Holocaust
Abortion is a modern-day holocaust
Sampino ’02 [Frank-Paul, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and is currently working as an intern
at the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, Abortion is Genocide, 01/14/2002,
http://speakout.com/petitions/1468.html]
Since 1970, fifty to sixty million innocent children have become victims of abortion worldwide. It is a modern-
day holocaust, sanctioned by the government of the United States. Every day in the United States alone, 4000
children die at the hands of their own mothers. Four thousand mothers will become childless; four thousand more tiny corpses will be thrown
into hospital storage rooms; four thousand innocent people will have been denied the opportunity to love, to live, to achieve even the simplest of human
accomplishments. We appeal to our elected representatives to search their souls, their consciences, and their religions for the truth about abortion. Our purpose is not to
block access to abortion clinics, or to force the issue on our representatives, or to use extremist means to achieve our goal, but to wholeheartedly ask our representatives
to reconsider their positions on this emotional issue. Thank you.




                                                                                                                                                                        22
SDI 2009                                                                                       Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                Abortions => Increased Risk of Death
Womyn are more likely to die after an abortion than those who have childbirth
Gissler ’97 (Gissler, M., et. al., "Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994 -- definition problems and
benefits of record linkage," Acta Obsetricia et Gynecolgica Scandinavica 76:651-65,71997)
According to the best record based study of deaths following pregnancy and abortion, a 1997 government
funded study in Finland, women who abort are approximately four times more likely to die in the following
year than women who carry their pregnancies to term. In addition, women who carry to term are only half as
likely to die as women who were not pregnant. The Finland researchers found that compared to women who
carried to term, women who aborted in the year prior to their deaths were 60 percent more likely to die of
natural causes, seven times more likely to die of suicide, four times more likely to die of injuries related to
accidents, and 14 times more likely to die from homicide. Researchers believe the higher rate of deaths related
to accidents and homicide may be linked to higher rates of suicidal or risk-taking behavior.




                                                                                                              23
SDI 2009                                                                                                                                         Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                                                    AT: Mandlebaum
1. Mandlebaum concedes war could occur under many circumstances
Mandlebaum 99 [Michael, Professor of Foreign Policy, Johns Hopkins, Survival, Winter 1999]
The trends that have contributed to debellicisation are not as firmly entrenched in Russia or China as in the
countries that were there adversaries during the Cold War. Even in the West, warlessness could erod: the
barriers to war could weak, for example, if democracy were to become less robust. Or, as the world moves away from the era
of battles in the first half of the twentieth century, and the period of nuclear-induced anxiety punctuated by occasional crises in the
second half, the memories and anticipations of destruction that helped to keep the world’s mightiest military
machines in check could fade. Or the obsolescence of modern war could be undercut by what bureaucracies
call ―unk-unks‖ unknown unknowns – things aobut which there is not merely uncertainty but a complete lack
of awareness. Militant religious beliefs, messianic ideologics, conflicts over resources or other currently
unforeseen causes of conflict may lurk over the horizon.


2. War is likely in multiple places
Kagan 99 [Donald, Carnegie Endowment, Survival, Summer 1999]
Mandlebaum is very cautious in the language that he uses. Major war is not necessarily finished, he
concedes. It’s not dead, it’s obsolete. This is a charming term that seems to say more than it does, because that allows Mandelbaum to draw back from the
more total claims later on. A ajor war is unlikely but not unthinkable, which is to say he thinks it can happen. It’s obsolete, he writes, in the sense that it is no
longer fashionable. To pick up the metaphor is to see some of its limitations as well as its charm. Is war really a matter of fashion? And even if it is, don’t we have
to face the fact that there are some people who chose to be unfashionable, and then there are other people who have never hear of fashion in the first place?
China and Russia are two cases to which the writer points. He identifies the Taiwan Straits and the Russo-
Ukrainian border as places where wars may well break out, should they erupt anywhere. They are the
―potential Sarajevos of the twenty-first century.‖ He is right. And, of course, it is this concession, however
genuinely and generously and modeslty expressed, that gives away the game. Since there are at least two
places where major wars between great powers might break out even today – and two are quite enough – it
seems to me that his entire thesis is undermined.




                                                                                                                                                                          24
SDI 2009                                                                                   Nierman/Lawson
Hyde Amendment Abortion Neg

                                             AT: Rescher

1. Probability assessment can not be used when examining catastrophes – they must be rejected
regardless of the probability




2. Certain risks are so large that they must be avoided regardless of minute probability




                                                                                                       25

				
DOCUMENT INFO