03243_BIDPA newsletter indd by decree


									                                                                                                                                                       March 2004

                                                          Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis

                                                      NEWSLETTER                                                                                 June   2004
                                                               BIDPA House, 134 Millennium Office Park
                                                      Private Bag BR-29, Gaborone, Tel 3951751 Fax: 3971748
                                                      URL:http://www.bidpa.bw    e-mail:webmaster@bidpa.bw

                                                         BIDPA, Botswanaʼs national Think Tank

CONTENTS                                                                                                                           The BIDPA House
BIDPA, Botswanaʼs national Think Tank ..................................................1
       Capacity building ..........................................................................2              BIDPA is a non-governmental research organisation
       Some major projects and activities                                                                         established by a Deed of Trust. The two key areas of
       Transparency and Participation in the Budget Process:
       10 African Case Studies ...............................................................3
                                                                                                                  BIDPAʼs mandate are development policy analysis
       Customer Satisfaction Survey in the Public Service .....................3                                  and capacity building. It is a national Think Tank.
       SADC HIV/AIDS and Governance Case Studies .........................3
                                                                                                                  You will have heard the term “Think Tank” before,
       Capacity Development for Delivery of Remote Area
       Dweller Programmes ....................................................................3                   but what is it really? R. Kent Weaver and James
       Civil Society Organisation Networking for Support and                                                      G. McGann in the book, Think Tanks and Civil
       Monitoring of the African Peer Review Mechanism
       (APRM) in SADC ..........................................................................4
                                                                                                                  Society, observe that all Think Tanks should have the
       Formative Process Research on Integration in                                                               following features: non-profit making, independent
       Southern Africa .............................................................................4             of the state, and dedicated to transforming policy
Vision 2016 ..............................................................................................4
                                                                                                                  problems into appropriate public policies. They
Workshops and Conferences                                                                                         further observe that Think Tanks play a mediating
       Roundtable Conference on Public Sector                                                                     function between government and the public. Think
       Reforms in Botswana ...................................................................5
       Improving Public Service Delivery Conference ............................5                                 Tanks also serve as an informed and independent
       The BIAC Journal Launch ............................................................5                      voice in policy debates. The authors also state that
       BEN-Africa Workshop ...................................................................6
Staff News
                                                                                                                  Think Tanks also provide a constructive forum for
       The first PhD candidate is back ...................................................7                        exchange of ideas and information between key
       A new Motswana Senior Research Fellow has joined BIDPA.......7                                             stakeholders in the policy formulation process.

      Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis Newsletter

                                                                          economy while others have resulted in government
                                                                          white papers. The Executive Director at the official
                                                                          opening of the BIDPA house had this to say about
                                                                          BIDPA “While government is the marksman in the
                                                                          hunt for development, BIDPA is the pathfinder and
                                                                          the guide in the same expedition.” The following are
                                                                          some of BIDPAʼs engagements and achievements to-
                                                                          date: BIDPA provided technical expertise by way
                                                                          of secretariat for the national vision (Vision 2016).
                                                                          BIDPA also served as secretariat to the Privatisation
                                                                          Task Force resulting in the formation of the Public
                                                                          Enterprise Evaluation and Privatisation Agency
                                                                          (PEEPA) and the publication of the Privatisation
                                                                          Policy. BIDPAʼs assessment of the Financial
                                                                          Assistance Policy was immediately followed by
                                                                          the establishment of the Citizen Entrepreneurial
                                                                          Development Agency

    Professor Wangwe at the official opening of                                         Capacity building
                the BIDPA House

At the official opening of the BIDPA House,                                The other area of interest for BIDPA is to develop
Professor Samuel Wangwe, the former Executive                             capacity in the areas of policy analysis and related
Director of Economic and Social Research                                  fields. Still at the official opening of the BIDPA
Foundation (ESRF), an institute based in Tanzania                         House, the executive Director told the audience
with very similar mandate as BIDPA, gave the                              that BIDPA has had significant achievements in
audience a talk on the Role of Policy Think                               terms of training of policy analysts. It has become
Tanks in Southern Africa in the context of policy                         common knowledge that the market within
processes. Professor Wangweʼs presentation traced                         Botswana has proved that BIDPA mentored and
the origins of Think Tanks to 1945, stating that                          trained people are fine analysts that are sought after
currently there were more than Three Thousand                             by the various organisations. BIDPA has trained 12
five Hundred (3500) Think Tanks the world over                             Masters Graduates and three PhDs. Three of the
with half of them in the United States of America                         PhD scholars completed their studies under the
alone. In his presentation, Professor Wangwe                              BIDPA scholarship. Dr. Charity Kerapeletswe, the
also discussed the impact and influence of Think                           first BIDPA staff trained to that level has completed
Tanks on policy. He summarised the functions of                           her studies and has returned to BIDPA and is now
Think Tanks in policy functions as: Filtering and                         leading in some projects. Dr. Taufila Nyamadzabo
agenda setting, amplification and transformation                           has returned to the Ministry of Finance and
of ideas into policy issues; investment in terms of                       Development Planning where he has since been
policy research and capacity building; facilitation                       promoted to the position of Deputy Secretary of
to enable researchers to perform policy research                          Economic Affairs. Dr. Khaulani Fichani has also
and convening for researchers to plan and carry out                       returned to the Ministry of Minerals, Energy and
research and providing an enabling environment for                        water affairs following his completion of the PhD
policy makers to meet with researchers.                                   programme. A forth candidate is due to complete
                                                                          her studies in August 2004.

BIDPA as a Think Tank has made some significant
impact in the country. BIDPA has, to-date, been                           One more BIDPA employee has enrolled for PhD
involved and completed some work that has had                             and plans are underway for one or two more staff
profound impact on policy in Botswana. Some                               members to enrol by the end of the year.
of BIDPAʼs activities, usually called upon by
government to perform, have concluded in creation
of organised bodies that drive some sectors of the

                                                                                                   March 2004

Other people who have benefited from the BIDPA               which the participating countries provide sufficient
capacity building activities have been students from        budgetary information and access to citizens and
the University of Botswana through internship               civil society organisations to participate effectively
programmes. These programmes are not limited                in the budget process, and investigate the availability,
to the area of research only. The BIDPA library,            accuracy, timeliness, comprehensiveness and
forerunners in this area, started accepting students        usefulness of information on budgets. The project,
for internship from as far back as 1995, the year           as completed by Mr. Phirinyane, was followed
BIDPA started its operations. The internship                by a sub-project involving the completion of a
programme has to-date spread to almost all areas            supplementary Open Budget Questionnaire, which
of BIDPA, including research, finance, Information           was aimed at improving future data collection for
Technology as well as the Vision 2016 Secretariat.          the International Budget Project. Both components
Through this programme, BIDPA welcomes a few                were completed in May 2004.
students on attachment where they are intended to
gain hands-on work experience.
                                                            Customer Satisfaction Survey in the
                                                            Public Service
BIDPA has also used internship to develop staff
members. Members have been sent on internship               This project was reported on in the previous issue
to the World Bank, World Trade Organisation,                of the newsletter. We are pleased to report that the
UNCTAD and the European Union, where they                   project has since been completed in April 2004. The
also learn on real work environment different               project, which was commissioned by the Directorate
from BIDPA. BIDPA has also effectively utilised             of Public Service Management (DPSM), involved
expatriate expertise to train local staff in the core       Prof. Kaunda and Mr. Kaboyakgosi. The survey
areas.                                                      was carried out to determine peoplesʼ satisfaction
                                                            with the services provided by 21 government
                                                            departments and public agencies in Gaborone,
                                                            Kanye, Mochudi, Mogoditshane, Molepolole and
BIDPA continues to make significant contributions
                                                            Tlokweng. The aim of the survey was to find out
to both policy issues concerning the country and
                                                            the most critical areas that require improvement of
developing human capacity to continue the legacy
                                                            public service delivery.
in the future.

                                                            SADC HIV/AIDS and Governance Case
 Some major projects and activities                         Studies
  carried out by BIDPA from April                           BIDPA, on behalf of the Institute for Security
        through June 2004.                                  Studies (ISS), Pretoria, South Africa, conducted the
                                                            Botswana study as part of a SADC-wide project on
                                                            the impact of HIV/AIDS on governance, especially
Transparency and Participation in the                       the delivery of public services. The project reviewed
Budget Process: 10 African Case Studies                     the policy framework and programmes aimed at
                                                            the prevention and mitigation of the impact of HIV/
In our previous issue of the newsletter, we reported        AIDS on public sector effectiveness. It concentrated
that Professor Kaunda attended a preparatory                on examining local government policies, activities,
workshop for the studies. It was also stated that Mr.       structures and strategies of responding to the HIV/
Phirinyane was assigned to conduct the Botswana             AIDS challenge. Focus was on the Gaborone City
study for BIDPAʼs input into the study. In this             Council, Kgatleng District Council and Lobatse
study, The Africa Budget Project (ABP) of the               Town Council. The project, which was completed
Institute for Democracy in South Africa (IDASA)             in May 2004, involved Gape Kaboyakgosi and
and other collaborating partners undertook a cross-         Keamogetse Molebatsi.
country research study of ten African countries
on Transparency and Participation in the Budget
Process. The study was intended to create a civil
society agenda to demand changes in national
budget processes. It sought to evaluate the extent to

       Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis Newsletter

Capacity Development for Delivery of                                       and the codes and standards contained in the
Remote Area Dweller Programmes                                             Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and
                                                                           Corporate Governance. Prof. Kaunda was chosen
This project, Commissioned by the United Nations
                                                                           to coordinate the SADC arm of the project, which
Development Programme (UNDP) Botswana Office
                                                                           involves the Democracy Barometer Research Group
and completed in May 2004 aimed to introduce a
                                                                           (South Africa), Electoral Institute of Southern
rights-based approach to remote area development,
                                                                           Africa (EISA), SADC Youth Movement (SADC-
specifically, to enhance the capacity of the public
                                                                           YM) and Southern African Human Rights NGO
service to deliver services to remote area dwellers
                                                                           Network (SAHRINGON).
and to assist in creating impetus for implementation
of the Remote Area Development Programme                                   Formative Process Research on
(RADP) in a rights-based perspective. It consisted                         Integration in Southern Africa
of the following three interrelated components: a
pilot training workshop for local community leaders                        In the previous issue of the BIDPA newsletter we
from the settlements of Chobokwane, East Hanahai,                          reported that the Formative Process Research on
West Hanahai and New Xade (Kxʼeonsakene) in the                            Integration in Southern Africa (FOPRISA), a four-
Ghanzi district; a pilot training workshop for public                      year collaborative project, involving BIDPA, eight
service officers engaged in remote area development                         policy research institutes and universities within the
in the same district; and a roundtable conference                          SADC region, and the Christian Michelsen Institute
for representatives of civil society organisations                         of Norway had held a preparatory workshop and
involved in remote area development.                                       that a proposal for funding had been submitted to
                                                                           NORAD. The project was approved in July 2004.
                                                                           The programme of research will cover several
The community leadersʼ workshop was expected                               themes, including: developmental democracy;
to enhance local leadersʼ capacity to advocate                             politics, defence and security cooperation; regional
for a rights-based development approach. The                               trade and its relations to the international trade
expected output from the public officersʼ workshop                          system; economic integration, harmonisation,
was enhanced capacity for delivery of rights-                              finance and investment. There will also be two
based development programmes. The civil society                            monitoring components in the programme: that
representativesʼ conference was meant to develop a                         of SADC inter-state relations and of the impact of
policy framework for their organisationsʼ involvement                      donor cooperation on the integration process. In
in rights-based remote area development. Prof.                             addition, capacity-building for policy research,
Kaunda and Mr. Phirinyane were involved in the                             analysis and advice will form a third component of
project.                                                                   the research.

Civil Society Organisation Networking
for Support and Monitoring of the African                                  The programme will also benefit from supporting
Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) in SADC                                       activities relating to dissemination of research
                                                                           results, website development and maintenance,
This project initiated by the Development Policy                           production of on-demand policy papers and regional
Management Forum (DPMF), based at the                                      annual conferences. BIDPA will serve as secretariat
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa                              with Professor Kaunda coordinating the FOPRISA
(UNECA) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, involves                                 programme.
research institutes and advocacy organisations in
the East African Community (EAC) and Southern
African Development Community (SADC) regions.
It is aimed at enhancing civil society participation
in political processes and regional integration
                                                                                             Vision 2016
by influencing the political agenda in the region.
Focus is on monitoring and evaluation of the SADC
                                                                           The Vision secretariat here at BIDPA reports that a
countriesʼ involvement in the New Partnership
                                                                           lot of activities have been taking place in the unit.
for African Developmentʼs (NEPAD) African
                                                                           The major event has been the production of the
Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), a process to
                                                                           Vision 2016 newsletter that came as result of the
monitor, and ensure that the policies and practices
                                                                           strategic plan that was formulated at the beginning
of participating countries conform to agreed values
                                                                           of the year. The newsletter, which is a trimesterly
of political, economic and corporate governance,
                                                                           publication, is a tool for the council to promote
                                                                                                     March 2004

                                                               yame ke tsaya boikarabelo” (Vision 2016: Itʼs mine
                                                               I take responsibility). The objectives are to enhance
                                                               the involvement of stakeholders in the promotion
                                                               and implementation of Vision 2016 and to mobilize
                                                               and reaffirm sustained commitment by stakeholders
                                                               towards implementation of Vision 2016.

                                                               The one major event for the month will be the
                                                               floating of the Vision 2016 torch which will be
                                                               carried across the country to symbolise the national
                                                               ownership of Vision 2016. There will be a launching
  Dr. Molokomme, Reverend Hambira and Mrs                      parade on Saturday, September 4, 2004, an
     Elsie Alexander promoting Vision 2016                     exhibition of stakeholdersʼ involvement in realising
                                                               Vision 2016 at the national stadium, awards given
                                                               to deserving individuals or organisations that have
vision, report on activities, reach stakeholders and           shown commitment and compliance with Vision
educate the nation about Vision 2016.                          2016. Stakeholder may nominate candidates for
                                                               consideration. The awards ceremony will be held at
                                                               a dinner dance that will be organised by the Vision
Also of great interest to all is the plan for the Vision       Council through sales of tickets.
2016 month. Our readers will recall that last year
there was a Vision 2016 commemoration week.
This year the council is up-beat to take activities            Also planned for Vision 2016 is the linkage
to all quarters of the country. The new plan is to             with the Botswana National Productivity week
stagger activities through the month of September.             activities. This follows an agreement reached last
Stakeholders, organisations will be free to pick a             year during the Productivity Week activities that
day or a week on which to carry out Vision 2016                the commemoration activities will be planned to
activities. Conditions are, however, that the chosen           coincide with the Vision 2016 awareness week. The
dates should be communicated to the secretariat on             Vision 2016 and the Productivity Movement are,
time to allow coordination and also that activities            therefore joining forces to prepare for the activities
should comply with the theme and objectives of the             for the two events.
commemoration. The theme is “Vision 2016: Ke

                        Workshops, Conferences and other activities

Task force on ICT and Economic Development                     conference, which will be held at the Gaborone
of Botswana                                                    International Convention Centre (GICC) on 30
                                                               August 2004. Prof. Kaunda and Mr. Molebatsi are
                                                               the organisers of the conference.
Professor Pillai, a Senior Research Fellow has been
appointed to be a member of the task force on “ICT
and Economic Development of Botswana”                          Improving Public Service Delivery
                                                               Mr. Phirinyane, a BIDPA Research Fellow, attended
Roundtable Conference on Public Sector                         the conference organised by The Commonwealth
Reforms in Botswana                                            Association of Public Administration and
In June 2004, the Friedrich Ebert Foundation                   Management (CAPAM) in partnership with the
(FES) approved a BIDPA proposal to host a                      School of Public Policy, the University of Birmingham
Roundtable Conference on Public Sector Reforms                 in the United Kingdom held from 10 – 14 May 2004.
in Botswana. Professor Kaunda prepared a special               The conference, intended for senior public officers
BIDPA Briefing as background document for the                   in developing countriesʼ public services, attracted

       Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis Newsletter

participants from Barbados, Botswana, Brunei,                              Africans to do business with moral integrity by
Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa and the African                          facilitating interaction between academics and
Development Bank. Mr. Phirinyane reports that the                          practitioners who share an interest in business ethics.
workshop was interesting with several case studies                         BEN-Africa currently has 25 member African
and experiences presented from the developing and                          countries. Among other things, it keeps a database
the developed countries. He judged the session                             of persons and organizations with an interest in
on “Decentralising Management for Service                                  business ethics, latest information on developments
delivery” as most interesting to him. In this module                       and events in business ethics, opportunity to
discussions were held on the forms of management                           interact with persons and organizations with
decentralization. The Executive Agencies, which                            business ethics expertise, assistance to members in
to his knowledge, do not exist in Botswana, could                          promoting their business ethics initiatives, advice
be a viable option for consideration in the public                         and support to members in facilitating local and
sector reform. The agencies may be created by law                          regional business ethics networking, opportunity
as in the cases of South Korea, Ghana, Jamaica,                            to participate in the generation of new knowledge
and Tanzania or by administrative decision as in                           on business ethics, assistance in disseminating
the case of the United Kingdom. Organizationally,                          knowledge and information on business ethics.
they are based on the principal-agent theory, with                         BEN-Africa has established National Chapters in
Ministers as the principals and agencies deciding on                       Tanzania, Nigeria, Cameroon and Kenya. Several
how to implement plans. The agencies are granted                           other countries, including Botswana, are in the
a range of managerial flexibilities, especially in                          process of establishing their own national chapters.
areas of finance and human resources (including                             The Workshop of 10th June 2004 was intended to
pay). Mr. Phirinyane reports that they learnt that                         mobilize those with interest in business ethics to
countries that have established these agencies have                        form a chapter in Botswana.
realized a significant positive transformation in
service delivery.
                                                                           Mr. Phirinyane was selected to serve in the Steering
                                                                           Committee of 15 members to handle matters
Report on the BIAC Journal Launch                                          relating to the registration of BENABOTS with the
                                                                           Registrar of Societies.
Mr. Phirinyane attended the official launch of
the Botswana Institute of Administration and
Commerce (BIAC) Journal ceremony which was
held at the Bonatla Restaurant on 29 April 2004.                           Local Economic Development
                                                                           Professor Pillai and Mr. Lisenda co-presented a
                                                                           paper on “Industrial Clusters and Local Economic
The journal focuses on management and business                             Development at the Local Economic Development
issues. Most of the inaugural articles published were                      Conference which was held on May 20, 2004 in
from the University of Botswana (UB) lecturers                             Gaborone.
on a range of subjects related to management and
business. The Journal is peer reviewed and with
a local editorial committee at BIAC. Referees are                          In the paper, the two researchers indicate that
from the UB and from abroad. It was announced                              policies and strategies to promote industrial clusters
that the Journal has already attracted some                                have gained increased attention in developing
contributions from as far afield as Tanzania and                            countries in recent years. This development has
that not all qualifying articles were published in the                     been due to the recognition that economic gains
first issue. Hopefully these will be in the next or                         through externalities can be gained even for small
third publications.                                                        enterprises if they are clustered in close proximity.
                                                                           The paper, on the basis of a literature review,
A Report on the BEN-Africa Workshop                                        analyses the relevance of cluster concept in the
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic                                 sustainable small sector development in general and
Crime organized a BEN-Africa Workshop, which                               regional development in particular in Botswana. In
was held on the 10th June 2004 at the Maharaja                             the light of positive policy lessons that emerge from
Conference Centre. BEN-Africa is an acronym                                the rest of the world regarding the role of industrial
for Business Ethics Network of Africa. It was                              clusters of small enterprises, the paper recommends
established in 1999 in Kenya with a mission to                             the need to redesign the existing small enterprises
strengthen the commitment and competence of                                development policy of Botswana.

                                                                                                March 2004

                                               Staff News

The first PhD graduate from the BIDPA                       right, biodiversity conservation, Rural Development
internal capacity building programme is                    and Institutions, Gender Poverty and Welfare; and
back                                                       Socio-Economic impacts of HIV/AIDS.

                                                           Dr. Kerapeletswe, clearly an asset to BIDPA, is also
                                                           an indication of the BIDPA capacity development
                                                           success story. We are very grateful to have Dr.
                                                           Kerapeletswe back and we wish her a very long
                                                           successful career.

                                                           A new Senior Research Fellow has joined

           Dr. Charity K. Kerapeletswe

Dr. Charity K. Kerapeletswe has rejoined BIDPA
research staff after successfully completing her
PhD. She now holds a Doctorate in Environmental
Economics (property rights and biodiversity).
Dr. Kerapeletswe joined BIDPA in 1997, already
a notable researcher with a Masters degree in
Agricultural Economics. Prior to joining BIDPA,
Dr. Kerapeletswe worked as Project Officer at the
National Development Bank between May and
November 1990. From December 1990 to 1996
she worked for the Ministry of Agriculture in the
Department of Agricultural Planning and Statistics.
She was Chief Extension Officer at the Rural
Industries Innovation Centre (RIIC) from 1996 to
1997, the same year that she later joined BIDPA. Dr.
Kerapeletswe joined BIDPA as a Research Fellow,
a position that she holds to date.                                     Dr. Tebogo Bruce Seleka

                                                           We are very pleased to welcome Dr. Tebogo Bruce
Dr. Kerapeletswe has had many notable achievements         Seleka who has just joined BIDPA as a Senior
in her professional life. She was involved in a            Research Fellow (Poverty and Welfare). Dr. Seleka
number of research projects and she produced a             holds a PhD degree from Cornell University. His
series of research reports and conference papers.          special areas of interest are: Poverty Assessment,
She has also contributed chapters in “Poverty              Agricultural Trade Policy and Production Economics.
Reduction: What Role for the State in Todayʼs              He has vast experience in teaching, research and
Globalised Economy” edited by Francis Wilson               other positions in agricultural economics. He has
and others and also in “Comparative Research on            worked as Technical officer, Planning Officer at
Poverty Programmes”                                        the Ministry of Agriculture and also as a lecturer,
                                                           senior lecturer and then head of the Department of
                                                           Agricultural Economics, Education and Extension
Dr. Kerapeletsweʼs research interests include              at the Botswana College of Agriculture. As a
environmental and development policy especially            PhD candidate at Cornell University, Dr. Seleka
issues of sustainable environmental management;            also worked as a research/teaching assistant. Dr.
environmental justice and governance, property             Selekaʼs work is well published in scholarly refereed

       Botswana Institute for Development Policy Analysis Newsletter

journals, monographs, book chapters, conference                            Staff Movements
papers, conference proceedings, research reports
                                                                           During the period covered by this newsletter issue,
and working papers. He also has a long list of
                                                                           BIDPA bid farewell to two members of staff. Mr.
credible work that has not been published, some of
                                                                           Shadrack Rathapo (Assistant Librarian) and Mr.
which are papers presented at workshops, seminars
                                                                           Sandy Kole (Finance Assistant). These colleagues
and conferences. Dr. Seleka has also engaged in
                                                                           are greatly missed and we wish them all the
research consultancies, acted as resource person
                                                                           happiness and success in their new engagements.
and also contributed and participated in community
services.                                                                  Internship Programme
                                                                           We have recently had a busy internship programme
Dr. Selekaʼs decision to join BIDPA is indeed                              during the University vacation. Some students
appreciated by all at BIDPA. Not only does his                             coming on attachment came from the University of
experience make him an asset to the institute, he also                     Botswana (UB) and others were form the University
strengthens the long term ambition to recruit locals                       of the Northwest in South Africa. Four students of
at senior research cadres at BIDPA. We welcome                             economics, two from the University of Botswana
Dr. Seleka and wish him a long professionally                              and the other two from the University of Northwest,
productive stay with BIDPA.                                                were attached in the various research units. The
                                                                           Information Technology (IT) unit had one student
                                                                           while the library had one from the Diploma stream
                                                                           who was later joined by a Masters student. The
                                                                           Vision 2016 secretariat also had one from UB and
                                                                           another form the Northwest

                                         Some BIDPA Staff discussing the strategic plan

  BIDPA is a non-governmental research institute concentrating mainly on development policy analysis and
  capacity building. The main focus is Botswana. However, BIDPA may engage in regional work. Within its areas of
  concentration, BIDPA seeks to: conduct and promote research; monitor the performance of Botswanaʼs economy;
  survey the management of public policy implementation as it relates to economic and social development;
  provide consultancy service and advice to government agencies and other clients; offer technical and/or financial
  assistance for the facilitation of policy analysis; disseminate and publish research; and consultancy results; and
  assist in professional training and public education in matters pertaining to policy analysis. While the Executive
  Director is responsible for the day-to-day management of the Institute, authority and responsibility for all activities
  of the Institute lies with the Board of Trustees, which currently has the following members: Prof. T. Tlou (Chairman)
  — University of Botswana; L. Mohohlo (Deputy chairperson) — Governor of the Bank of Botswana; F. Modise
  Secretary for Financial Affairs of the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning; M. Modise Permanent
  Secretary (Development) of the Office of the President; E. Dewah — Managing Director of BOCCIM and A.
  Molokomme — Judge of the High Court of Botswana.


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