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Regional News Roundup

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									Regional News Roundup
AFRICA
World hunger increases despite growth in food production Even as world food production grows,
hunger is on the rise in many poor countries, according to a report published by the Food and
Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in November. Although world food production is at its second
highest level ever, food prices remain very high. In East Africa, cereal prices range from 68 to 177
percent over the 2007 numbers. In 2008 the number of undernourished people in the world
increased by 40 million, despite record harvests, according to the World Food Programme (WFP).
Read more: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87006
Full report: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/ak340e/ak340e00.htm

Mine-ban treaty has profound humanitarian impact It has taken just 10 years but the effects of the
Mine Ban Treaty (MBT) have brought about a sea change in the use of antipersonnel mines,
ensuring that the use of these bombs is becoming increasingly rare, and even offering hope that
these weapons will one day be consigned to the dustbin of history. This was revealed in the 2009
Landmine Monitor which was released in Cartagena, Colombia recently. “There is no reason why
we can’t get rid of these things in a decade or two, provided financial support is sustained,” said
the project manager of the Landmine monitor. About 80 percent of all countries in the world
are signatories to the convention while 39 countries, among them China, Russia and the US,
have not signed it.
Read more: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87277

SUDAN
Darfur Ex-combatants discharged Hundreds of former combatants in Darfur, western
Sudan, have been discharged in a process that targets 5,000 members of various fighting groups,
the AU-UN Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) said. The discharge took place from November 22-24 in
El Fasher. The ex-fighters, including women and persons with disabilities, were disarmed in July
2008. They each received USD 150 from the Sudanese government. The militia groups are also
believed to have a large number of child soldiers
Read more: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=87202

The Nuba Mountains – straddling the north-south divide The Nuba Mountains, a former frontline
region in Sudan’s north-south civil war remain tense, four years after the peace agreement, local
leaders and analysts say. Security, violations and hostility between the two parties (SPLM and
NCP) and conflict between tribes remain a major problem, according to a local leader. “We are
concerned that violence will escalate as we come closer to the elections’” he added. The area is
part of northern Sudan’s Southern Kordofan State, but as during the war, remains politically
dominated by the southern-led SPLM.
Read more: http://www.irinnews.org/Report.aspx?ReportId=86994

								
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