For questions 1-10 read the text below and decide which word A_B_C by chenboying

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									                                                                  YTU
                                                      2003-2004 ACADEMIC YEAR
                            School Of Foreign Languages                   Modern Languages Department
                           Advanced English III (9102021)- Advanced English IV (9102022) Exemption Test
    A) Read the text and choose the best option below that fits each space. (10x2=20 Pts.)
    Tourism can have 1) ________a positive and a negative effect 2) _______an area, although in many cases only the positive effect
    will be obvious. In rural areas, the onset of tourism may have dramatic effects upon the local community, creating new jobs and
    providing a flow of cash which most inhabitants will be happy to take 3) _______ of. However, the disadvantages of tourism can be
    4) ________dramatic, with towns 5) _______ their character and becoming overdeveloped and crowded, as well as more expensive.
    On a larger scale, tourism can be very beneficial 6) ________ developing countries. If tourists spend money it means that the
    country can improve living conditions for its citizens, as well as create new jobs. Tourists are 7) ________the way other people live,
    and leave feeling better informed about a different 8) ________of life that they otherwise might not have had the chance to see.
    Perhaps the most popular type of tourism is going away to a warm, sunny place and lying on a beach for two weeks. People taking
    this kind of holiday usually have no interest in the culture of the place they are visiting and, as a(n) 9) ________, it becomes almost
    like a “home away from home”. Restaurants cook tourists their native food instead of local specialities, and tourists mix together
    rather than with locals. This can 10) ________any character the area may have, and the area may lose part of its valuable culture
    forever.
    1.       a) both                    b) none                   c) either                  d) neither
    2.       a) for                     b) on                     c) about                   d) of
    3.       a)opportunity              b) benefit                c) advantage               d) profit
    4.       a) impossibly              b) equally                c) hardly                  d) differently
    5.       a) losing                  b) missing                c) finding                 d) improving
    6.       a) from                    b) in                     c) at                      d) to
    7.       a) shown                   b) given                  c) offered                 d) seen
    8.       a) attitude                b) way                    c) face                    d) hint
    9.       a) result                  b) effect                 c) reason                  d) affect
    10.      a) create                  b) hurt                   c) destroy                 d) break
    B) Read the text below and answer the following questions (7x2=14 Pts. )
                                                      KEYS TO QUICKER LEARNING
    For years, experts had believed that an individual’s ability to learn was a fixed capacity. During the last two decades,
    however, leading psychologists and educators have come to think otherwise. “We have increasing proof that human
3   intelligence is expandable,” says the director of the Cognitive Development Project at the University of Massachusetts. “We
    know that with proper skills people can actually improve their learning ability.”
    Moreover, these skills are basic enough so that almost anyone can master them with practice. Here, gathered from the ideas of
    experts across the country, are several proven ways to boost your learning ability.
   1. Look at the big picture first. When reading new, unfamiliar material, scan it first. Skim subheadings, photo captions and
   any available summaries. This previewing will help anchor in your mind what you then read.
   2. Practise memory-enhancing techniques. These techniques, also called mnemonics, transform new information into more
   easily remembered formulations. For instance, to a student who cannot spell the word arithmetic, a teacher can teach a
   sentence that remains locked in mind for years: “A rat in Tom’s house may eat Tom’s ice cream.” The first letters of each
   word spell arithmetic. Although mnemonics were once dismissed by researchers, they are now considered an effective means
13 of boosting memory- doubling or even tripling the amount of new material that test subjects can retain.
   3. Organise facts into categories. In studies at Stanford University, students were asked to memorise 112 words. These
   included names of animals, items of clothing, types of transportation, and occupations. For one group, the words were divided
   into these four categories. For a second group, the words were listed at random. Those who studied the material in organised
17 categories consistently outperformed the others, recalling two to three times more words. For example, to remember the
   names of all former U.S presidents in proper order, cluster the leaders into groups- those before the war of 1812, those from
   1812 until the Civil War, those from the Civil War to World War I, and those after World War I. By thus organising complex
   material into logical categories, you create a permanent storage technique.
   4. Discover your own learning style. What’s your style? Try some self-analysis. What, for example, is your approach to
   putting together an unassembled item? Do you concentrate better in the morning or in the evening? In a noisy environment or
   a quiet one? In a library or in your own room? Make a list of all the pluses and minuses you can identify. Then use this list to
   create the learning environment best for you. Whichever style works for you, the good news is that you can expand your
   learning capacity. And this can make your life fuller and more productive.
    11. This article was written for ____________ .
    a) elementary school children                                 c) educational psychologists and other researchers
    b) anyone who wants to improve learning                       d) students at Stanford University

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    12. The technique suggested for learning the names of all former U.S presidents is ____________ .
    a) organising them into alphabetical order                    c) grouping them according to historical periods
    b) making one sentence using all their names                  d) repeating their names over and over again
    13. The studies at Stanford University showed that people learn more when ____________ .
    a) words are listed casually                                  c) one stores the words constantly
    b) one starts in the morning                                  d) words are put into categories
    14.We may conclude from the passage that ____________ .
    a) everybody has the potential to be a good learner           c) some people don’t need to improve their learning habits
    b) only some people can improve their ability to learn        d) learning to study isn’t easy for most people
    15. What does “expandable” mean in line 3?
    a) able to increase in capacity                                 c) hard to define
    b) able to exist without further support                        d) hard to discover
    16. What does “boosting” mean in line 13?
    a) reducing                b) comparing             c) saving                    d) increasing
    17. What does “outperformed” mean in line 17?
    a) did better than                                           c) understood less than
    b) were less successful than                                 d) preferred more than
    C) Read the text below and answer the following questions (8x2=16 Pts. )
                                                    THE MENACE OF THE MICRO
   Hardly a week goes by without some advance in technology that would have seemed incredible 50 years ago. Over the past
   20 years, computers have completely revolutionised our lives. Yet, we can expect the rate of change to accelerate rather than
   slow down within our lifetimes. The next 25 years will see as many changes as have been witnessed in the past 150.
   These developments in technology are bound to have a dramatic effect on the future of work. By 2010, new technology will
   have revolutionised communications. People will be transmitting messages down telephone lines that previously would have
   been sent by post. A postal system which has essentially been the same since the Pharaohs will virtually disappear overnight.
   Once these changes are introduced, not only postmen but also clerks and secretaries will vanish in a paper-free society. All
   the routine tasks they perform will be carried on a tiny silicon chip. As soon as this technology is available, these people will
 9 be as obsolete as the horse and cart after the invention of the motorcar. One change will make thousands, if not millions,
   redundant.
   Even people in traditional professions, where expert knowledge has been the key, are unlikely to escape the effects of new
   technology. Instead of going to a solicitor, you might go to a computer which is programmed with all the most up-to-date
   legal information. Indeed, you might even come up before a computer judge who would, in all probability, judge your case
   more fairly than a human counterpart. Doctors, too, will find that an electronic competitor will be able to carry out a much
   quicker and more accurate diagnosis and recommend more efficient courses of treatment.
   In education, teachers will be replaced by teaching machines far more knowledgeable than any human being. What’s more,
   most learning will take place at home via video conferencing. Children will still go to school though, until another place is
   created where they can make friends and develop social skills through play.
   What, you may ask, can we do to avoid the threat of the dole* queue? Is there any job that will be safe? First of all, we
   shouldn’t hide our heads in the sand. Unions will try to stop change, but they will be fighting a losing battle. People should
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   get computer literate as this just might save them from professional extinction. After all, there will be a few jobs left in law,
   education, and medicine for those few individuals who are capable of writing and programming the software of the future.
   Strangely enough, there will still be jobs like rubbish collection and cleaning as it is tough to programme tasks which are
   largely unpredictable.
25 If we accept that people have the need to work, then an option might well be to introduce compulsory job sharing and to limit
   the length of the working week. Otherwise, we could find ourselves in an explosive situation where a technocratic elite is both
   supporting, and threatened by, vast numbers of unemployed. Whether the future is one of mass unemployment or greater
   freedom and leisure will depend on how change is managed over this difficult period and how the relationship between work
   and reward is viewed.
    * dole: money given to the unemployed by the government
    18. The writer thinks that changes ____________ .
    a) occur daily in this century                               c) could slow down within our lifetimes
    b) will take place faster in the near future                 d) are less dramatic today than those in the past
    19. By 2010, ____________ .
    a) postmen will have lost their jobs                           c) people will no longer send messages
    b) there will no longer be routine tasks                       d) more people will be working in the field of communications
    20. Which of the following is not one of the writer’s predictions?
    a) Professionals will be affected by changes.                  c) Professionals will know less than today.
    b) Doctors won’t be as efficient as computers.                 d) Computers could make fairer judgements.
    21. People are advised to ____________ to prepare for the future.
    a) join a union             b) choose unpredictable jobs       c) become cleaners         d) learn more about computers

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22. One solution to the future unemployment problem could be ____________ .
a) making people work more                                 c) creating a technocratic elite
b) lengthening the working week                            d) dividing work up fairly
23. What does “obsolete” mean in line 9?
a) rewarding                        b) essential           c) unnecessary              d) efficient
24. What does “literate” mean in line 21?
a) competent                        b) aided               c)dispersed                 d) abused
25. What does “compulsory” mean in line 25?
a) voluntary                        b) sensory             c) obligatory               d) explanatory
D) Choose the best option ( 6x2= 12 Pts.)
26. My company makes fruit juice. We buy most of the fruit from local ________.
a) importers                b) exporters                c) retailers          d) suppliers
27. Duties include working with the network of national marketing co-ordinators and ________ presentations.
a) doing                    b) making                   c) showing            d) providing
28. ________ are the people who use a product or service.
a) Consumers                b) Customers                c) Stakeholders       d) Managers
29. ________ is the task of creating, promoting, and delivering goods and services to consumers and businesses.
a) Segmentation             b) Selling                  c) Marketing          d) Supplying
30. ________ is the money paid for the use of money lent.
a) Interest                 b) Loan                     c) Credit             d) Debit
31. ________ is to sell in small quantities (as in a shop to the public).
a) To deal                  b) To trade                 c) To wholesale       d) To retail
E) Read the following dialogues and decide where they are taken from. (3x2=6 Pts.)
32. Chairman: OK. It’s ten o’clock, everybody, so I think we will make a start. Now, the first item on the agenda is a discussion of
the management’s proposals on flexitime. Now, you have all discussed the proposals within your departments, haven’t you?
All: Yes, we have, yes.
Chairman: Good. Miss Garcia, would you like to start, then?
Anna: Well, most of my people are perfectly happy with the present non-flexible system. They think a change would be dangerous
a) Sales activity                 b) Meeting                 c) Negotiation             d) Phone conversation
33. A: Miss Jones, Good Morning. Now, you would like to join our team, I gather. I’d like to know a little bit about you. Perhaps
you could tell me a bit about your education.
B: Oh yes, right. Well, I left school at 18 and for the first years I went to Gibson’s, you might know them, they’re an engineering
firm.
 a) Telephone banking                 b) Meeting                  c) Job-interview           d) Negotiation
34. Customer: Yeah, that’s good. Well, I’d like to know what will happen if the product does not take off and you stop
manufacturing it – will the laboratory still operate? I mean, will my customers be left with a piece of equipment that they can’t use?
Salesman: No, there is absolutely no danger of that whatsoever. This product is going to be a big success. The reviews in the trade
press have been fantastic. Take a look at this one, for instance...
 a) Negotiation                      b) Meeting                  c) Bargaining             d) Market survey
F) Choose the most appropriate answer in the telephone conversations (3x2=6 Pts.)
35. A: Could I speak to Ms Johnson, please?
    B: _____________________________ .
  a) Hang up and I'll call you back.         c) No, I’d prefer to hang on, it's very important.
  b) Yes, I'll put you through.              d) Yes, I'd like to speak to the person who deals with paying your suppliers, please.
36. A: Is that Marks and Spencer?
     B: _____________________________
  a) Well could you get him to call me back as soon as he gets in?                  c) I'm afraid you seem to have the wrong number.
  b) What’s your extension number?                                                  d) The number for directory enquiries is 188.
37. A: I could get him to call you back in a few minutes.
     B: _____________________________
  a) Are you through?                                                              c) Who is calling?
  b) Could you hold the line for a moment, please ?                                d) No, I’d prefer to hang on, it's very important.
G) Read the following situations and choose the best option. (3x2= 6 Pts.)
38. Which of the expressions below can be used when you want to confirm a participant’s discussion in a meeting?
  a) Yes, I suppose you could say that.                                 c) I am not quite sure how relevant that is.
  b) Yes, but I still don’t see what you are getting at.                d) I think we are losing sight of the main point.



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39. To manage interruptions in a meeting which expression below would you use?
   a) Could you be more specific?                                    c) Well, let me put it another way.
   b) We were in the middle of discussing something.                 d) That’s not exactly what I had in mind.
40. Which expression below would be appropriate to explain the structure and aims of a meeting?
   a) Is that the time already? Let’s get going then.
   b) Now, let’s move on to the next point.
   c) As you can see from the agenda, we are going to discuss the budget and decide where we can cut back.
   d) Well, we seem to have covered everything.
H) Read the Letter of Application below and choose the best answer in the following questions. (10x2=20 Pts.)

41) _____________

Mr. Gilbert Wynand
Manager of Human Resources
Price Waterhouse Coopers Inc.
1024 Capital Avenue
Philadelphia, PA 19122

Dear Mr. Wynand,

I am applying 42) _____________ client account coordinator, which was advertised on August 4 with the Career Services Centre at
Arkansas State University. The position seems to fit very well with my education, experience, and career interests.

43) _____________, your position requires excellent communication skills, computer literacy, and a B.S degree in business,
economics, or finance. I will be graduating from Arkansas State University this month with a B.S degree in finance. My studies
have 44) _____________ computer science, management information systems, speech communication, and business writing. I
understand the position also requires a candidate who is team and detail oriented, works well under pressure and is able to deal with
people in departments throughout the firm. 45) _____________ both in my course work and in my recent internship at Francon &
Heyer Finance in Minnesota.

My background and goals 46) _____________ your requirements well. I am confident that I can perform the job effectively, and I
am excited about the idea of working for a dynamic, nationally-recognised investment management firm.

I 47) _____________in which you will find additional information on my background and qualifications.

If you would like to schedule an interview or otherwise discuss my interest in this position, please call me on 814/ 646 23 91. I will
be 48) _____________ at your earliest convenience.

Thank you for your consideration. 49) _____________.

50) ____________,
Anne Lockwood


41. a) 18 Adams Street        b) 18 Adams Street              c) 2003, May 11            d) May 11, 2003
   Newport, Minnesota            Minnesota                       Minnesota                  Newport 55055
   May 11, 2003                  Newport 55055                   Newport 55055              Minnesota
   55055                         11th May, 2003                  18, Adams Street           18, Adams Street

42. a) to the position of     b) for the position to          c) for the position of    d) of the position of
43. a) As compensated for the advertisement                   b) As concerned in the advertisement
    c) As outlined in the advertisement                       d) As generated for the advertisement
44. a) entitled subjects in    b) had aspects for             c) participated in          d) included courses in
45. a) These are the professions I have experienced           b)These are the skills I have developed
    c) They are the opportunities I have gone through         d) They are the positions I have held
46. a) seem to match           b) may transfer for            c) might compare to         d) appear to distinguish
47. a) am glad to supply you with my CV                       b) put in my CV
    c) include my resumé                                      d) enclose my CV
48. a) confident              b) available                    c) willing                 d) interested
49. a) I am looking forward to hearing from you               b) I am entitled to a promotion
    c) I must apologise for troubling you with this matter    d) I hope that you can overlook this job opening
50. a) Yours                   b) Best wishes                 c) Yours sincerely         d) With regards
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ANSWER KEY

      1. a
      2. b
      3. c
      4. b
      5. a
      6. d
      7. a
      8. b
      9. a
      10. c
      11. b
      12. c
      13. d
      14. a
      15. a
      16. d
      17. a
      18. b
      19. a
      20. c
      21. d
      22. d
      23. c
      24. a
      25. c
      26. d
      27. b
      28. b
      29. c
      30. a
      31. d
      32. b
      33. c
      34. a
      35. b
      36. c
      37. d
      38. a
      39. b
      40. c
      41. b
      42. c
      43. c
      44. d
      45. b
      46. a
      47. d
      48. b
      49. a
      50. c




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