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					                                CoaCh’s Corner
                                          Written by: Karen Vitale
                                             March 4 th , 2008

Williams C., & Lundstrom R. (2007). Strategy instruction during word study and interactive writing activities.
       The Reading Teacher, 61, 204-212

This article was very informative and gave me several ideas about how we can get more out of our spelling
lessons by including more explicit teaching of strategies and more productive use of our word walls.

Williams and Lundstrom identified 10 spelling strategies to explicitly teach. The first four are called Tools of
the Trade which utilize a tangible tool. The last 6 strategies are called Tools of the Mind, which only utilize
the mind.

Tools of the Trade
   1. Look for the word on the word wall.
   2. Find a word on the word wall that will help you (could-should).
   3. Look for the word in your dictionary.
   4. Look for the word in print around the classroom.
Tools of the Mind
   5. Say the word slowly and listen for the sounds you hear.
   6. Think about different spelling patterns that can spell the sound you hear (out vs. down)
   7. Say the word slowly and listen for any parts you know how to spell (and in candy)
   8. Think about the word in your head. Can you “see” the word?
   9. Think of a word you already know how to spell that will help you spell this word.
   10. Think of a word you know that rhymes with the word you’re trying to spell.

If I was going to write these strategies I would of course put our sound spelling cards at the top of the list!!!
What a wonderful resource our students have in each classroom. We need to teach students explicitly how
to use the sound spelling cards in their writing and also how to use the 10 strategies listed above.

After each spelling lesson students were asked write in their journals. As the students wrote the teacher
went around helping students use the strategies above while they wrote unknown words. This teaching
strategy is called interactive writing.

In this study it was noted that students most often made use of the classroom word wall to use to assist
with their spelling. I know many of you see the great value in word walls as I do, and their importance to a
child’s foundation in reading, writing and spelling. If your exceptional classroom has mastered reading and
spelling all the required word wall words dictated by Open Court don’t forget you can add more words. I
have attached a more comprehensive list below which I included in an earlier newsletter.

ISAT Best Wishes
It is our time to shine as our students take time this week to share all they have learned from you these
past few years.
        Word Bank of 1200 High-Frequency Writing Words
 The words in this word bank are listed in the order of their frequency of use in everyday writing.
 Since the is the most frequently used word in our language, its number is one in the word bank.
The first 25 words are used in 33% of everyday writing, the first 100 words appear in 50% of adult
        and student writing, and the first 1,000 words are used in 89% of everyday writing.
            Word List from Sitton Spelling Sourcebook Series by Egger Publishing, Inc.
1 the            46   will            91 long              136   why          181   few
2 of             47   each            92 little            137   help         182   those
3 and            48   about           93 very              138   put          183   always
4 a              49   how             94 after             139   different    184   show
5 to             50   up              95 words             140   away         185   large
6 in             51   out             96 called            141   again        186   often
7 is             52   them            97 just              142   off          187   together
8 you            53   then            98 where             143   went         188   asked
9 that           54   she             99 most              144   old          189   house
10 it            55   many            100 know             145   number       190   don't
11 he            56   some            101 get              146   great        191   world
12 for           57   so              102 through          147   tell         192   going
13 was           58   these           103 back             148   men          193   want
14 on            59   would           104 much             149   say          194   school
15 are           60   other           105 go               150   small        195   important
16 as            61   into            106 good             151   every        196   until
17 with          62   has             107 new              152   found        197   form
18 his           63   more            108 write            153   still        198   food
19 they          64   her             109 our              154   between      199   keep
20 at            65   two             110 me               155   mane         200   children
21 be            66   like            111 man              156   should       201   feet
22 this          67   him             112 too              157   home         202   land
23 from          68   see             113 any              158   big          203   side
24 I             69   time            114 day              159   give         204   without
25 have          70   could           115 same             160   air          205   boy
26 or            71   no              116 right            161   line         206   once
27 by            72   make            117 look             162   set          207   animal
28 one           73   than            118 think            163   own          208   life
29 had           74   first           119 also             164   under        209   enough
30 not           75   been            120 around           165   read         210   took
31 but           76   its             121 another          166   last         211   four
32 what          77   who             122 came             167   never        212   head
33 all           78   now             123 come             168   us           213   above
34 were          79   people          124 work             169   left         214   kind
35 when          80   my              125 three            170   end          215   began
36 we            81   made            126 must             171   along        216   almost
37 there         82   over            127 because          172   while        217   live
38 can           83   did             128 does             173   might        218   page
39 an            84   down            129 part             174   next         219   got
40 your          85   only            130 even             175   sound        220   earth
41 which         86   way             131 place            176   below        221   need
42 their         87   find            132 well             177   saw          222   far
43 said          88   use             133 such             178   something    223   hand
44 if            89   may             134 here             179   thought      224   high
45 do            90   water           135 take             180   both         225   year
226   mother     281 didn't     335   add        390   that's       445   fact
227   light      282 car        336   become     391   class        446   third
228   country    283 morning    337   grow       392   piece        447   quite
229   father     284 I'm        338   draw       393   surface      448   carry
230   let        285 body       339   yet        394   river        449   distance
231   night      286 upon       340   less       395   common       450   although
232   picture    287 family     341   wind       396   stop         451   sat
233   being      288 later      342   behind     397   am           452   possible
234   study      289 turn       343   cannot     398   talk         453   heart
235   second     290 move       344   letter     399   whether      454   real
236   soon       291 face       345   among      400   fine         455   simple
237   story      292 door       346   able       401   round        456   snow
238   since      293 cut        347   dog        402   dark         457   rain
239   white      294 done       348   shown      403   past         458   suddenly
240   ever       295 group      349   mean       404   ball         459   easy
241   paper      296 true       350   English    405   girl         460   leaves
242   hard       297 half       351   rest       406   road         461   lay
243   near       298 red        352   perhaps    407   blue         462   size
244   sentence   299 fish       353   certain    408   instead      463   wild
245   better     300 plants     354   six        409   either       464   weather
246   best       301 living     355   feel       410   held         465   miss
247   across     302 black      356   fire       411   already      466   pattern
248   during     303 eat        357   ready      412   warm         467   sky
249   today      304 short      358   green      413   gone         468   walked
250   however    305 United     359   yes        414   finally      469   main
251   sure        States        360   built      415   summer       470   someone
252   knew       306 run        361   special    416   understand   471   center
253   it's       307 book       362   ran        417   moon         472   field
254   try        308 gave       363   full       418   animals      473   stay
255   told       309 order      364   town       419   mind         474   itself
256   young      310 open       365   complete   420   outside      475   boat
257   sun        311 ground     366   oh         421   power        476   question
258   thing      312 cold       367   person     422   problem      477   wide
259   whole      313 really     368   hot        423   longer       478   least
260   hear       314 table      369   anything   424   winter       479   tiny
261   example    315 remember   370   hold       425   deep         480   hour
262   heard      316 tree       371   state      426   heavy        481   happened
263   several    317 course     372   list       427   carefully    482   foot
264   change     318 front      373   stood      428   follow       483   care
265   answer     319 American   374   hundred    429   beautiful    484   low
266   room       320 space      375   ten        430   everyone     485   else
267   sea        321 inside     376   fast       431   leave        486   gold
268   against    322 ago        377   felt       432   everything   487   build
269   top        323 sad        378   kept       433   game         488   glass
270   turned     324 early      379   notice     434   system       489   rock
271   learn      325 I'll       380   can't      435   bring        490   tall
272   point      326 learned    381   strong     436   watch        491   alone
273   city       327 brought    382   voice      437   shell        492   bottom
274   play       328 close      383   probably   438   dry          493   check
275   toward     329 nothing    384   area       439   within       494   reading
276   five       330 though     385   horse      440   floor        495   fall
277   himself    331 idea       386   matter     441   ice          496   poor
278   usually    332 before     387   stand      442   ship         497   map
279   money      333 lived      388   box        443   themselves   498   friend
280   seen       334 became     389   start      444   begin        499   language
500   job           557   ocean        614 especially    671   stone      728   stick
501   music         558   government   615 necessary     672   hit        729   afternoon
502   buy           559   baby         616 he's          673   wife       730   silver
503   window        560   grass        617 unit          674   island     731   nose
504   mark          561   plane        618 flat          675   we'll      732   century
505   heat          562   street       619 direction     676   opposite   733   therefore
506   grew          563   couldn't     620 south         677   born       734   level
507   listen        564   reason       621 subject       678   sense      735   you'll
508   ask           565   difference   622 skin          679   cattle     736   death
509   single        566   maybe        623 wasn't        680   million    737   hole
510   clear         567   history      624 I've          681   anyone     738   coast
511   energy        568   mouth        625 yellow        682   rule       739   cross
512   week          569   middle       626 party         683   science    740   sharp
513   explain       570   step         627 force         684   afraid     741   fight
514   lost          571   child        628 test          685   women      742   capital
515   spring        572   strange      629 bad           686   produce    743   fill
516   travel        573   wish         630 temperature   687   pull       744   deal
517   wrote         574   soil         631 pair          688   son        745   busy
518   farm          575   human        632 ahead         689   meant      746   beyond
519   circle        576   trip         633 wrong         690   broken     747   send
520   whose         577   woman        634 practice      691   interest   748   love
521   correct       578   eye          635 sand          692   chance     749   cool
522   bed           579   milk         636 tail          693   thick      750   cause
523   measure       580   choose       637 wait          694   sight      751   please
524   straight      581   north        638 difficult     695   pretty     752   meat
525   base          582   seven        639 general       696   train      753   lady
526   mountain      583   famous       640 cover         697   fresh      754   west
527   caught        584   late         641 material      698   drive      755   glad
528   hair          585   pay          642 isn't         699   lead       756   action
529   bird          586   sleep        643 thousand      700   break      757   pass
530   wood          587   iron         644 sign          701   sit        758   type
531   color         588   trouble      645 guess         702   bought     759   attention
532   war           589   store        646 forward       703   radio      760   gas
533   fly           590   beside       647 huge          704   method     761   kitchen
534   yourself      591   oil          648 ride          705   king       762   pick
535   seem          592   modern       649 region        706   similar    763   scale
536   thus          593   fun          650 nor           707   return     764   basic
537   square        594   catch        651 period        708   corn       765   happen
538   moment        595   business     652 blood         709   decide     766   safe
539   teacher       596   reach        653 rich          710   position   767   grown
540   happy         597   lot          654 team          711   bear       768   cost
541   bright        598   won't        655 corner        712   hope       769   wear
542   sent          599   case         656 cat           713   song       770   act
543   present       600   speak        657 amount        714   engine     771   hat
544   plan          601   shape        658 garden        715   board      772   arm
545   rather        602   eight        659 led           716   control    773   believe
546   length        603   edge         660 note          717   spread     774   major
547   speed         604   soft         661 various       718   evening    775   gray
548   machine       605   village      662 race          719   brown      776   wonder
549   information   606   object       663 bit           720   clean      777   include
550   except        607   age          664 result        721   wouldn't   778   describe
551   figure        608   minute       665 brother       722   section    779   electric
552   you're        609   wall         666 addition      723   spent      780   sold
553   free          610   meet         667 doesn't       724   ring       781   visit
554   fell          611   record       668 dead          725   teeth      782   sheep
555   suppose       612   copy         669 weight        726   quiet      783   I'd
556   natural       613   forest       670 thin          727   ancient    784   office
785   row          841   separate     897   effect      953 mine          1009   industry
786   contain      842   truck        898   paid        954 company       1010   they're
787   fit          843   sing         899   motion      955 current       1011   beneath
788   equal        844   column       900   myself      956 pound         1012   laugh
789   value        845   twice        901   divide      957 valley        1013   groceries
790   yard         846   particular   902   supply      958 double        1014   popular
791   beat         847   shop         903   laid        959 till          1015   thank
792   inch         848   unless       904   dear        960 match         1016   quarter
793   sugar        849   spot         905   surprise    961 average       1017   climbed
794   key          850   neither      906   gun         962 die           1018   continue
795   product      851   met          907   entire      963 liquid        1019   potatoes
796   desert       852   wheel        908   fruit       964 alive         1020   receive
797   bank         853   none         909   crowd       965 stream        1021   design
798   farther      854   hill         910   band        966 provide       1022   president
799   won          855   television   911   wet         967 drink         1023   charge
800   total        856   bill         912   solid       968 experience    1024   mistake
801   sell         857   solve        913   northern    969 future        1025   hospital
802   wire         858   pressure     914   flower      970 tomorrow      1026   remain
803   rose         859   report       915   star        971 drove         1027   service
804   cotton       860   farmer       916   feed        972 population    1028   increase
805   spoke        861   count        917   wooden      973 finish        1029   students
806   rope         862   trade        918   sort        974 station       1030   insects
807   fear         863   chief        919   develop     975 shook         1031   address
808   shore        864   month        920   shoulder    976 stage         1032   sincerely
809   throughout   865   clothes      921   variety     977 oxygen        1033   dollars
810   compare      866   doctor       922   season      978 poem          1034   belong
811   movement     867   indeed       923   share       979 solution      1035   bottle
812   exercise     868   dance        924   jump        980 burn          1036   flight
813   bread        869   church       925   regular     981 cent          1037   forget
814   process      870   original     926   represent   982 electricity   1038   bicycle
815   nature       871   enjoy        927   market      983 everybody     1039   secret
816   apart        872   string       928   we're       984 rate          1040   soldier
817   path         873   sister       929   flew        985 dust          1041   silent
818   careful      874   familiar     930   finger      986 worth         1042   structure
819   narrow       875   onto         931   expect      987 community     1043   height
820   mental       876   imagine      932   army        988 captain       1044   observe
821   nine         877   blow         933   cabin       989 bus           1045   indicate
822   useful       878   quick        934   camp        990 protect       1046   railroad
823   public       879   law          935   danger      991 cook          1047   knife
824   according    880   lie          936   purpose     992 raise         1048   married
825   steel        881   final        937   breakfast   993 further       1049   suggested
826   salt         882   rise         938   proper      994 steam         1050   entered
827   speech       883   loud         939   coat        995 guide         1051   magazine
828   forth        884   fair         940   push        996 discover      1052   agree
829   nation       885   herself      941   express     997 plain         1053   fifty
830   knowledge    886   slow         942   shot        998 usual         1054   escape
831   appear       887   noise        943   angry       999 seat          1055   threw
832   ate          888   statement    944   southern    1000 accept       1056   planet
833   dinner       889   hungry       945   dress       1001 police       1057   dangerous
834   hurt         890   join         946   bag         1002 consider     1058   event
835   spend        891   tube         947   proud       1003 dozen        1059   leader
836   experiment   892   rode         948   neck        1004 baseball     1060   peace
837   touch        893   empty        949   breath      1005 rubber       1061   spelling
838   drop         894   twenty       950   strength    1006 symbol       1062   chapter
839   chair        895   broke        951   member      1007 support      1063   swimming
840   east         896   nice         952   twelve      1008 exactly      1064   opportunity
1065   immediately   1120   perfect          1174   offered
1066   favorite      1121   recognize        1175   apply
1067   settled       1122   frequently       1176   improve
1068   telephone     1123   character        1177   stomach
1069   repeat        1124   personal         1178   collect
1070   prepare       1125   disappear        1179   prevent
1071   instance      1126   success          1180   courage
1072   avenue        1127   traffic          1181   occur
1073   newspaper     1128   yesterday        1182   foreign
1074   actually      1129   situation        1183   quality
1075   employee      1130   realize          1184   terrible
1076   review        1131   message          1185   instrument
1077   convince      1132   recently         1186   balance
1078   allowed       1133   account          1187   ability
1079   nobody        1134   physical         1188   arrange
1080   details       1135   neighbor         1189   rhythm
1081   muscles       1136   excited          1190   avoid
1082   model         1137   whisper          1191   daily
1083   climate       1138   available        1192   identity
1084   coffee        1139   college          1193   standard
1085   whenever      1140   furniture        1194   combine
1086   serious       1141   leather          1195   attached
1087   angle         1142   husband          1196   frighten
1088   feather       1143   principal        1197   social
1089   determined    1144   medicine         1198   factory
1090   dictionary    1145   excellent        1199   license
1091   ordinary      1146   operation        1200   recommend
1092   extra         1147   council
1093   rough         1148   author
1094   library       1149   organize
1095   condition     1150   concern
1096   arrived       1151   barbecue
1097   located       1152   accident
1098   program       1153   disease
1099   pencil        1154   construction
1100   tongue        1155   motor
1101   title         1156   affect
1102   enemy         1157   conversation
1103   garage        1158   evidence
1104   lose          1159   citizen
1105   vegetable     1160   environment
1106   parents       1161   influence
1107   style         1162   cancel
1108   education     1163   audience
1109   required      1164   apartment
1110   political     1165   worse
1111   daughter      1166   transportation
1112   individual    1167   frozen
1113   progress      1168   waste
1114   altogether    1169   couple
1115   activities    1170   function
1116   article       1171   connect
1117   equipment     1172   project
1118   discuss       1173   pronounce
1119   healthy

				
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