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									The financial crisis which began in 1997 seemed to break the spell, if not the power, of
long-lived political regimes and the promise of global capitalism in Southeast Asia. Since
the end of the economic boom, the region has seen a dictator fall, a nation born, a
president impeached, a new constitution written, and a new challenge posed to the
world’s longest serving prime minister. Despite these dramatic developments, politics in
the region is in many ways at an impasse. Representatives of the old order—in the form
of militaries, ruling parties, separatist movements, and predatory elites—are alive and
well. The new order is being born, but the old will not die.

It is this impasse that inspired the editors to devote the maiden issue of the Kyoto Review
of Southeast Asia to politics and the exercise of power. How do intellectuals of the region
make sense of this situation in their scholarship? And what can we learn by reading over
their shoulders as they write for the general public on issues of immediate import?

One striking note is the outcry against corruption, collusion, and nepotism—KKN in the
Malay-speaking world—with which everyone is fed up. In novels, newspapers, and
analysis, writers decry the continuing grip of corrupt institutional practices and the
outright lies of elected officials. It is in protest against “dirty” politics that it is easiest to
find unanimity and moral certainty. The same can be said of calls to strengthen
institutions and the rule of law, to reform states paralyzed by bureaucratic rigidity and
adherence to precedent.

Yet answers remain elusive. The old faith in the rise of the middle class as a natural cure
for corruption and authoritarianism was clearly misplaced. Indications are that sustained
economic growth can win tolerance for a great deal of corruption, and that the search for
freedom once thought so emblematic of the middle classes can be “privatized” into a
quest for a satisfying lifestyle. Nor is democracy itself without blame. From murder and
violence on the campaign trail to the election of media personalities, electoral politics has
not proved transformative.

Clearly an area where more attention is needed is the blurred boundary of the public and
private and the related pairing of charismatic authority and state power. How to explain
Thaksin’s popularity, or Estrada’s, if not by their promise to bypass bureaucracy and
solve problems through direct action or largesse? That these promises have not been
fulfilled is to be expected. What is surprising is that in this much maligned characteristic
of Southeast Asian politics, we may find a ray of hope. Rather than adding to the moral
opprobrium heaped on political leaders, some of our writers ask for greater nuance in
analyzing relations between state and society or for simple recognition that politics
rewards self-interest. This search for a new starting place for meaningful reform
resonates with another’s reminder that a citizen’s “sense of belonging” goes beyond
economic parity. Along with the recent visibility of the poor in civil society actions and
(of course) the strengthening of institutions, we may hope that these portend a new kind
of popular engagement in politics.

One final thought: Today’s societies often provide little opportunity, still less willingness,
to remember past struggles and sacrifices for political goals not yet achieved. But this
issue contains two examples of such remembering, both involving the compilation and
preservation of narratives of resistance against state crimes. As much as the political
stability and economic growth of recent decades, such resistance is a Southeast Asian
legacy, and these exercises in remembrance represent a growing trend that we hope to
examine more fully in a future issue.

We are launching this website with the hope of deepening and broadening conversations
within Southeast Asia and beyond. We therefore welcome your comments on all pages of
the Kyoto Review of Southeast Asia and invite your suggestions as we expand our
coverage, both topically and geographically, in coming issues.


Donna Amoroso

								
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