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Prevention Is Better Than Cure

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This article is about unwanted pregnancy and what causes it. It also
includes a brief discussion about contraceptives, abortion, and diseases
that are transmitted through sexual intercourse.

Pregnancy, Side Effects, Infection, Mental Health

Article Body:
In dealing with health problems, it is said that prevention is better
than cure. While it is certainly not an illness to be cured, the
difficult situation of having an unwanted pregnancy can only be avoided
in two ways: abstinence or prevention.

In 1999, the Canadian Federation for Sexual Health released a fact sheet
about unwanted pregnancy.   One fact listed there is that yearly, at
least eight percent of Canadian women have an unwanted pregnancy.
Unwanted pregnancy is a usually a result of ignorance, irresponsibility,
or failure to use contraceptives. There are also cases where the
contraceptive itself failed. The incidence of unwanted pregnancy has
increased and, as a result, caused a rise in the number of reported

Nowadays, sexual activities are already widely discussed in the media and
in public. Sex is no longer a taboo or forbidden topic. From movies to
t.v. programs, from magazines to music --- sex is already a well-worn
topic or subject. The open discussions about sexuality had also exposed
women to sex.

Not everyone, however, are aware of the risks or danger in doing it. This
ignorance then results to incidents such as unwanted pregnancy. Its
victims are mostly young girls who, because of their curiosity, decided
to engage in sexual activities. Nowadays, the prevalence of teenage
pregnancy has increased to 90% every year, especially in developing

It is not only those who are ignorant who experience unwanted pregnancy,
however. A lot of women, though aware of the possible dangers, still
engage in unprotected sex. They are those who are embarrassed, restricted
by their religious beliefs and have a wrong understanding of the use of
contraceptions. Some women choose to be at risk of pregnancy rather than
ask and obtain available contraceptives. Others deliberately avoid using
protection after being made to believe that using contraceptives is
against the right to life. The rest, not knowing enough information about
contraceptives and its side effects, fear that using those techniques,
medications or devices can be harmful to their health. They fail to
understand, however, that a greater risk is involved when women continue
having sex unprotected.

Aside from unwanted pregnancy, other dangerous conditions can also result
from not using contraceptives and engaging in unprotected sex. For the
past couple of years, World Health Organization and the United Nations
are concerned with a certain disease or infection that has already killed
approximately 25 million people or more. It has infected an estimated
amount of 38 million people worldwide that it is considered as one of the
most destructive pandemics in history of mankind. This condition famously
known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by the
Human Immunodeficiency Virus resulting to an infection of the immune
system. This virus is transferred from person to person through sexual
intercourse, blood transfusion, contamination of hypodermic needles,
pregnancy and breastfeeding. Because of this widespread concern, various
organizations all-over the world are already promoting the practice of
safe sex and use of contraceptives such as condoms. Aside from AIDS,
other infections that can be obtained from practicing unprotected sex are
sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis.

The use of contraceptives, however, does not ensure complete protection
from unwanted pregnancy. In 1994, sources such as Globe Watch and Birth
Control Handbook indicated that various contraceptives such as condoms,
diaphragm, intrauterine devices, fertility awareness, etc., have a
failure rate ranging from .04% to 20%. Several studies, as mentioned in
Wikipedia, also indicate a perfect-use failure rate of birth control
methods or contraceptives from .4% to 6% every year. This does not
disprove that fact that majority of those who use contraceptives also
benefit from being protected against unwanted pregnancy and other
dangerous diseases.

As a result, unwanted pregnancies caused by various factors sometimes
lead to abortion. A lot of pro-life groups and organizations are recently
increasing their efforts in discouraging this practice and educating
people, especially women, to engage in safe sex. Not all organizations,
though, promote the use of contraceptives because of its ethical issues.
Moral and legal aspects of abortion are still debated until now, however,
some countries like the United States already allow its practice.
Abortion, despited having positive effects, can still be detrimental to a
person's health. It is said to cause breast-cancer and other mental
health problems such as Post Abortion Syndrome. Rather than risk the
dangers of having an abortion, it is better to just avoid getting
pregnant when it is unwanted. Again, prevention is better than cure.