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PHYSICAL EDUCATION - UNITS 3 _ 4 by fjhuangjun

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                                                                        PHYSICAL EDUCATION - UNITS 3 & 4
                                                                                COURSE OUTLINE - 2007
                                                          Unit Three: Physiological and Participatory Perspectives of Physical Education
                                                          Unit Four: Enhancing Physical Performance
                                          Course Text: “Live It Up”, Book 2 (2nd edition 2006) - Smyth et al, published by Jacaranda/ACHPER
Week ending               Theory Covered (Unit Area of Study and Learning             Text                                                                                Suggested
  Friday                                    Outcome)                                 chapter                         USEFUL WEB SITES                                     practical
                                                                                    and page                                                                             activities &
                                                                                                                                                                         SAC dates
Semester One               UNIT THREE – PHYSIOLOGICAL AND
 (16 weeks for        PARTICIPATORY PERSPECTIVES OF PHYSICAL
  Unit 3 work)                           EDUCATION
                      AOS 1: Monitoring And Promotion Of Physical Activity
  Term One
 (8 full weeks)   Outcome 1 – analysis of individual and population levels of                       http://www.health.gov.au/
                  participation in physical activity, and evaluate strategies that
                  promote adherence to the National Physical Activity Guidelines

                  Monitoring And Promotion Of Physical Activity

                         The need for physical activity                                  1:4
                           Benefits of physical activity                                 1:4-5
                           Costs of physical activity                                    1:5
                           How much should we do?                                                  (Australian government – department of Health and Ageing.          Practice SAC
                                                                                          1:5
                           National Physical Activity Guidelines                                   Information on National Physical Activity Guidelines)
                                                                                          1:5-8
                           Applications of these Guidelines                                        http://www.health.gov.au
1.   9/2                                                                                  1:9-10

                         How active are Australians?                                     1:10-11
                         Risks of participation in physical activity                     1:11

                         Assessment of physical activity intensity                       1:12
                                                                                                                                                                       Outcome 1:
                         Methods for assessing physical activity: self-report, recall,   1:12-16   Vicfit website – information on physical activity programs         SAC 1 –
2.   16/2                 heart-rate telemetry, pedometry, accelerometry                            http://www.vicfit.com.au                                           written report
                                                                                                                                                                       analysing
                         Observation systems: BEACHES, SOFIT, SOPLAY                     1:16-18                                                                      individual and
                                                                                                                                                                       community
                         Defined population groups and patterns of participation:                                                                                     patterns of
                          age divisions, gender, socio-economic status, race,             1:19-25                                                                      participation
                          geography
3.   23/2
                         Barriers to participation: time, lack of fun, lack of                     VicHealth website
                          motivation, injury, lack of skills, lack of encouragement,      1:25-30   http://www.vichealth.vic.gov.au
                          poor coaching, environment
                                                                                                                                                           David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                              November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                 2

                 Promoting physical activity                                  1:31
                    Population approaches: policy, environmental and          1:31-32
                     mass-media strategies                                               http://www.rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/sallis/sofitprotocol.pdf
                    Theoretical social models: social cognitive, ecological   1:32-33
4.   2/3             framework, behaviour-choice
                    Individual approaches: counselling and screening.         1:33-34
                     Internet and e-mail                                                                                                                     Outcome 1:
                    Psychological theories: the health-belief model, Stages   1:34-38                                                                       SAC 2 –
                     of Change (Transtheoretical), Pender’s health-                      Victorian Sport and Recreation website                              varied format
                     promotion, theory of reasoned/actioned behaviour; self-             http://www.sport.vic.gov.au                                         SAC on
                     efficacy and Stages of Change                                                                                                           strategies
                                                                                                                                                             used to
5.   9/3           A settings-based approach to promoting physical activity                                                                                 promote
                                                                               1:39-42
                      Family                                                                                                                                physical
                                                                                         http://www.findthirty.com.au/                                       activity
                      Transport
                                                                                                                                                             participation
                      Health
                                                                                         http://www.goforyourlife.vic.gov.au/
                      Workplace
                      Community
                      School
                      Multiple

6.   16/3        Specific physical-activity approaches across multiple                  VicSport website
                  settings                                                     1:42
                                                                                         http://www.vicsport.asn.au
                     Commonwealth government
                                                                               1:44-45
                       Backing Australia’s sporting ability
                       Building a healthier, active Australia
                     State government promotion of initiatives in multiple    1:45-47
                      settings
                     Local government promotion of initiatives for multiple   1:48-52
7.   23/3             settings
                       Across disadvantaged groups
                       Across young Australians
                       Mature and senior Australians                                    American – National Centre for Chronic Disease prevention and
                       Disabled Australians                                             health promotion: stages of change
                                                                                         http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/
                       Women
                       Indigenous
                       Ethnic groups
8.   30/3            Private sector promotion of initiatives for multiple
                      settings                                                 1:53-54




                                                                                                                                                 David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                    November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                     3
                           UNIT THREE – PHYSIOLOGICAL AND
                       PARTICIPATORY PERSPECTIVES OF PHYSICAL
                                          EDUCATION
                      AOS 2: Physiological Requirements Of Physical Activity

     Term Two     Outcome 2 – analysis of the role and relative contribution of             Energy systems, aerobic and anaerobic:
     (11 weeks)   the energy systems during physical activity                               http://predator.pnb.uconn.edu/beta/virtualtemp/muscle/exercise-
                                                                                            folder/muscle.html                                                   Prac 1: gym
                  Characteristics of the energy systems                                     Lactate physiology and sports training:                              session: warm
                     ATP: sources, energy creation at rest and activity          2:60-62   http://www.lactate.com/eslact1c.html                                 ups, stretches,
                                                                                            Aerobic energy system:                                               CT, weights
                       Energy and muscles – how ATP makes muscles contract       2:62-63   http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/siteindx.htm
9.     20/4            The three energy systems                                  2:66      The lactate threshold
                                                                                            http://home.hia.no/~stephens/lacthres.htm
                       The phosphate energy system                               2:66-67   http://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/anaerobicthreshold.html
                       Anaerobic glycolysis                                      2:68-70   Nismat exercise physiology corner: muscle physiology primer:
                       Aerobic glycolysis                                        2:70-72   http://www.nismat.org/physcor/muscle.html
                                                                                            body systems:                                                        Lab Activity:
                       Summary of the three energy systems                       2:72-73   http://sln.fi.edu/biosci/systems/systems.html                        varied energy
10. 27/4                                                                                    Major muscle groups and microscopic structure:                       system efforts
                                                                                            http://www.anatomy.usyd.edu.au/mru/lectures/
                       ATP production under different conditions                 2:74
                                                                                            Muscle physiology homepage:
                       The OBLA                                                  2:75
                                                                                            http://muscle.ucsd.edu/musintro/struct.shtml
                       the lactate threshold and lactic acid removal             2:75-77
                                                                                            Muscle biochemistry:
                                                                                            http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/muscle.html
                       lactic acid during varying intensities                    2:77
                                                                                            Muscles:
11. 4/5                lactate as an energy source                               2:78-79
                                                                                            http://www.e-muscles.net/


                  Conversion of food to energy                                                                                                                   Outcome 2:
                                                                                                                                                                 SAC 1
                       what’s in the food we eat?                                3:86
                                                                                            www.sportsdietitians.com.au                                          Analysing
                       carbohydrate                                              3:86-87
12. 11/5                                                                                                                                                         energy
                       Glycemic Index                                            3:87-88
                                                                                            www.ais.org.au/nutrition                                             systems
                                                                                  3:88-89
                       Fat                                                                 www.nutritionaustralia.com
                                                                                  3:90
                       Protein
                                                                                  3:91
                       Vitamins                                                            www.healthfitness.com.au

                       Minerals                                                  3:91-93   www.cyber-north.com/vitamins
13. 18/5               Fibre and water                                           3:94-95   www.nutrition.org

                       Turning food into energy                                  3:96-97   http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/nutritionsites/sports.htm

                                                                                            http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/ns421/NS421.html
                  Fatigue and Recovery                                                      http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/nutrit.htm
                                                                                                                                                                 Outcome 2:
14. 25/5               What is fatigue?                                          4:102     http://www.glycemicindex.com                                         SAC 2
                                                                                                                                                     David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                        November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                4
                     Levels of fatigue                                       4:102-103   http://www.aesoftware.com.au/                                      Varied format
                     Causes of fatigue                                                   http://www.dav.org.au                                              SAC on
15. 1/6                 Fuel depletion                                       4:104-105                                                                      muscle
                        Muscle fibre type                                    4:106       http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/diet/                fatigue and
                        Lactic acid and hydrogen ions                        4:106-107                                                                      recovery
                        Dehydration                                          4:107-108   www.painbustersclinic.com.au


                       Recovery                                              4:110
                                                                                          www.ais.org.au/physiology
16. 8/6
                         The cool-down                                       4:110
                         PC replenishment                                    4:111
                                                                                          www.vicnet.net.au/~mecfs
                         Breakdown and removal of LA                         4:111
                         Muscle glycogen restoration                                     www.health.howstuffworks.com/sports-physiology4.htm
                                                                              4:112-114
                         Rehydration                                         4:114-119
                                                                                          http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/recovery.htm
                         Other methods                                       4:119-121

     15/6           VCE mid-Year exams & GAT


Semester Two
(14 weeks for              UNIT FOUR – ENHANCING PHYSICAL
 Unit 4 work)                        PERFORMANCE
                          AOS 1: Enhancing Fitness Through Training

                Outcome 1 – planning and evaluation of training programs to
                enhance fitness

                Fitness components, muscles and activity analysis

                       Physiological fitness components                      5:138
                          Aerobic power                                      5:139       http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/siteindx.htm
                          Anaerobic power                                    5:139
                          Muscular strength                                  5:140-141
                                                                              5:142
                          Speed
                                                                              5:142-144   http://members.aol.com/naginata/riley4.html
1.    22/6                Muscular power
                                                                              5:143
                          Local muscular endurance
                                                                                          http://web.nmsu.edu/~johtaylo/index.html
                                                                                          http://members.tripod.com/Dramo13/Muscles/structure.html
                                                                                                                                                             Outcome 1:
                          Flexibility                                        5:144-146
                                                                                          http://www.exploratorium.edu/sports/sports_faq.html                SAC 1 – lab
                          Agility                                            5:147
                                                                                                                                                             report on
                                                                                                                                                             activity
                       Neuromuscular fitness components                                                                                                     analysis,
                         Balance                                             5:147                                                                          fitness tests
                         Reaction time                                       5:148-149   http://www.rrcc.cccoes.edu/academic/health/fitnesscenter/muscle.   and training
2.    29/6               Coordination                                        5:149       htm                                                                programmes

                                                                                                                                                David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                   November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                  5
                    The muscular system
                      Types of muscle                                        5:149-151   http://www.anatomy.usyd.edu.au/mru/lectures/
                      Muscle movement
                        Motor units                                          5:151       http://muscle.ucsd.edu/musintro/struct.shtml/
                        “all or nothing” principle                           5:151
                        the stretch reflex                                   5:152       http://web.indstate.edu/thcme/mwking/muscle.html
                      major muscles in the body                              5:152
 Term Three                                                                   5:153       http://www.e-muscles.net/
                      muscle origins and insertions
  (11 weeks)                                                                  5:154
                      different muscles for movement
                                                                                          http://www.peworld.org/fitnesstesting/fitnesstestingcontents.htm
                         types of muscle movement: isotonic, isometric and   5:154-156   Polar Heart Rate Monitors:
                          isokinetic                                                      http://www.polar.fi/sarripola/
                                                                                          Queensland Academy of Sport:
                      activity analysis and its uses                         5:156-157   http://www.ug.edu.au/~zzqas
                      activity analysis methods                              5:157       http://www.gpsports.com/Articles.asp
                      statistical analysis techniques                        5:157-159   http://irish1999.tripod.com/SPORTS-SCIENCE-STUFF.html
                      work:rest ratios                                       5:159-160
3.   20/7             movement patterns                                      5:160-163   http://www.gpsports.com/Articles.asp
                                                                                                                                                              Outcome 1:
                      the Sport Performance Indicator                        5:162-163   http://gssiweb.com/                                                 SAC 2 –
                                                                                          http://www.ausport.gov.au/search.asp                                varied format
                      coaching and analysing play                            5:166-168   http://www.championdata.com.au/                                     SAC on
                      High-level games analysis                              5:168-169   http://www.rugby.com.au/                                            application
                      Netball activity analysis                              5:170-171   http://www.pineapplehead.com.au/                                    and
                                                                                          http://www.polar.fi/sarripola/                                      evaluation of
               Fitness Assessment                                                         http://www.ug.edu.au/~zzqas                                         training
                                                                                                                                                              programmes
                      Fitness testing rationale                              6:178
                                                                                                                                                              in a sport
                      Fitness test criteria                                  6:179
                      Fitness test batteries                                             Fitness testing. Sports Coach - Evaluation:
                                                                              6:180       http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/eval.htm
                      Norm-referenced and criterion-referenced tests         6:180
4.   27/7
                      Summary of fitness tests                               6:181-182   Fitness tests.. The foundation of athletic training: (VG)
                                                                                          http://www.sport-fitness-advisor.com/fitnesstests.html
                      Aerobic power tests                                    6:183-186
                      Anaerobic power tests                                  6:187-191
                      Muscular strength tests                                6:191-193   http://www.senslab.de/english/index.html
                      Local muscular endurance tests                         6:194-197
                      Muscular power tests                                   6:197-199   Anaerobic energy system tests: (Exc!)
                      Speed tests                                            6:199-200   http://www.topendsports.com/testing/
5.   3/8              Agility tests                                          6:200-201
                      Flexibility tests                                      6:201-204   The fit zone performance and fitness: (VG)
                                                                                          http://www.fit-zone.com/sports/swimming.html
                      Body composition tests                                 6:204-206
                      Fitness profiles                                       6:207-208   Fitness testing:
                                                                                          http://www.peworld.org/fitnesstesting/fitnesstestingcontents.htm
                                                                                                                                                  David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                     November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                          6

            Fitness training principles and methods

                   Duration, frequency                                7:214-215   Energy demands and event specific exercise training:
                   Intensity, progressive overload                    7:215-216   http://www.coacheseducation.com/phys/Event_Specific/
                   Specificity, time, diminishing returns             7:217-218   Netfit health and fitness advice:
                   De-training, maintenance, variety                  7:218-219   http://www.netfit.co.uk/menu.htm
                   Periodisation                                      7:220       Talent identification/R. Burgess excerpt from review: (Exc!)
6.   10/8                                                                          http://www.faccioni.com/Reviews/talentid.htm
                   Training methods                                   7:221-222
                                                                                   http://www.oztrack.com
                      Continuous                                                  Polar Heart Rate Monitors:
                                                                       7:222-223
                                                                                   http://www.polar.fi/sarripola/
                      Fartlek                                         7:223
                                                                                   Queensland Academy of Sport:
                      Interval                                        7:224-226
                                                                                   http://www.ug.edu.au/~zzqas
                      Work:Rest ratios                                7:226
                      Resistance training                             7:226-231
                                                                                   http://www.gpsports.com/Articles.asp
                      Plyometrics                                     7:231-234
                      Circuit training                                7:235-236
                                                                                   http://www.peworld.org/fitnesstesting/fitnesstestingcontents.htm
                      Flexibility training                            7:236-236
                      Passive, Active, PNF, Ballistic stretching      7:236-240
                                                                                   http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/siteindx.htm (Exc!)
                      Pilates training                                7:241-243   Musculature, stretching and flexibility: (Exc)
                                                                                   http://members.aol.com/naginata/riley4.html
                   Training for motor skill improvement               7:243-244   New Mexico State performance training handbook:
7.   17/8                                                                          http://web.nmsu.edu/~johtaylo/index.html


                     UNIT FOUR – ENHANCING PHYSICAL
                                  PERFORMANCE
                AOS 2: Strategies For Enhancing Physical Performance

            Outcome 2 – evaluate practices and/or strategies used
            conjunction to enhance sports performance

            Chronic training adaptations

                   Chronic adaptations – defined                      8:250
                                                                                   http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk
                   Cardio-respiratory aerobic adaptations             8:251-252
                                                                       8:252-254   www.atp4athletes.com/index.html                                    Outcome 1:
                   Cardiovascular aerobic adaptations
                                                                       8:254-257   www.pponline.co.uk/                                                SAC 1 –
                   Respiratory aerobic adaptations                                www.teachpe.com/                                                   written report
                   Muscular aerobic adaptations                       8:258-260
                                                                                                                                                      on chronic
                                                                                                                                                      adaptations to
                   Chronic muscular anaerobic adaptations             8:260-262   www.isokinetics.net/advanced/musclefibretypes.htm                  training
8.   24/8          Aerobic adaptations summary                        8:262-263



                                                                                                                                          David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                             November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                7
            Managing a training load
              Planning a training program                                    9:270-271
              Periodisation and the training year                            9:272
              Phases of training                                             9:273        Energy demands and event specific exercise training:
              Individual needs                                               9:274        http://www.coacheseducation.com/phys/Event_Specific/
              Peaking and tapering                                           9:274-275

                 Design of the training session                              9:276
                   The warm-up                                               9:276-277
                   The skill development component                           9:278
                                                                              9:278        Netfit health and fitness advice:
                   The conditioning component
                                                                              9:278-279    http://www.netfit.co.uk/menu.htm
9.   31/8          The cool-down

                   Overtraining                                              9:279-283

                   Recovery                                                  9:284
                     Cool-down                                               9:284        Talent identification/R. Burgess excerpt from review: (Exc!)
                     Food and fuel replenishment                             9:285-287    http://www.faccioni.com/Reviews/talentid.htm
                     Rehydration                                             9:288-291

                   Regenerative therapies                                    9:292
                     Hydrotherapy                                            9:292-293
                     Hot/cold contrast therapies                             9:293
                     Spas, massage, stretching                               9:293-294    http://www.oztrack.com
                     Hyerbaric chamber                                       9:294-295

10. 7/9     Sports injury risk management

                 Risk management for clubs and venues                        10: 302
                 Risk management for coaches and athletes                    10:302-304
                 Management strategies preventing sports injuries covering   10:304-305
                  athletes, equipment and facilities, different sports
                 Management strategies to minimise sports injuries                        www.sportsmedicine.about.com
                                                                              10:306
                    Creating a training program                              10:307
                    Goal setting                                             10:307-308
                    Preliminary fitness testing                              10:308-309
                                                                                           www.asthma.org.au
                                                                                                                                                            Outcome 2:
                    Selecting appropriate workloads                          10:309-310                                                                    SAC 2
                    Use of cross-training                                    10:311       www.ais.org.au                                                   Varied format
                 Recovery techniques to manage injury risk                   10:311                                                                        SAC on
11. 14/9            Cool-down                                                10:312       www.coachesinfo.com                                              various
                    Hydrotherapy                                             10:312                                                                        strategies to
                    massage                                                  10:313-314   www.sma.org.au                                                   enhance
                 Nutrition                                                   10:314                                                                        sports
                 Diagnosis of sports injuries                                10:315       www.elastoplast.com.au                                           performance
                    Modern diagnostic tools                                  10:316
                                                                                                                                                David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                   November 2006
                                                                                                                                                                               8
                       DRABC                                              10:317
                     Sports injuries                                      10:317       www.melbsportsmed.com.au
                     SALTAPS                                              10:318
                     Common sports injuries’ information                  10:319-320   www.niams.nih.gov
                     DOMS, asthma                                         10:321-322
                     Sport rules and injuries                             10:322-323
                                                                           10:324-326   www.mgh.harvard.edu/ortho
                     Over-use and chronic injuries
                                                                                        www.smartplay.com.au
                 Management of sports injury recovery                     10:327
                   RICERS and No HARM                                     10:327-328
                   Surgery, counselling                                   10:328-329
                                                                                        www.brianmac.demon.co.uk
                 Rehabilitation strategies                                10:329
                   Physical, strength, core stability, range of motion,   10:330-331
                    taping                                                              www.sportsinjurybulletin.com
12. 21/9
              Sport nutrition
 Term Four       A balance diet
                                                                           11:336-339
  (3 weeks)      The needs of athletes
                                                                           11:340
                    Carbohydrates                                         11:340-341
                    Protein, fats                                         11:341-343
                 Preparing for competition                                11:343       www.sportsdietitians.com.au
                    For different duration events                         11:344-345   www.ais.org.au/nutrition
                    The pre-event meal                                    11:345-346   http://www.ais.org.au/nutrition/
                    During exercise                                       11:346-347
                 Nutrition and recovery from exercise                     11:347-348   http://www.nismat.org/nutricor
                 Dietary supplements                                      11:348-353
                                                                                        http://www.nursing.upenn.edu/nutritionsites/sports.htm
                                                                                        http://instruct1.cit.cornell.edu/Courses/ns421/NS421.html
              Ethics and Sport
13. 12/10                                                                  12:358
                  Defining ethics and morality                                         http://www.brianmac.demon.co.uk/nutrit.htm
                  Ethics in sport                                         12:358-362   http://www.glycemicindex.com
                                                                           12:363
                  Ethical dilemmas in sport
                  Legal practices                                                      http://www.aesoftware.com.au/
                                                                           12:363-367
                      Intravenous drips                                   12:367-370
                                                                                        http://www.dav.org.au
                      Local anaesthetic injections                        12:370-371
                      Vitamin supplements                                 12:371
                  Illegal practices                                       12:372-376
                      Performance enhancing drugs – a history             12:376-380
                      Types of performance enhancing drugs                12:381-383   www.sportsdietitians.com.au
                      Why do athletes take performance enhancing drugs?
                                                                           12:383-385
                  Do we make them legal?
                                                                           12:386-387
                  Genetic therapy and manipulation                        12:388-389
14. 19/10
                  Promoting ethics in sport                               12:416       www.ais.org.au/nutrition

                                                                                                                                               David Smyth, Melbourne High School
                                                                                                                                                                  November 2006

								
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