Australian South Sea Islander Community

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					Queensland Government Action Plan
  Australian South Sea
    Islander Community
     Queensland Government Action Plan
Australian South Sea Islander Community



 I
    n July 2000 my Government formally recognised Australian South Sea
    Islanders as a distinct cultural group and acknowledged their outstanding
    contribution to our State’s development. It also acknowledged the history of
 unjust treatment, disadvantage, prejudice and racial discrimination endured by
 this community and the significant disadvantage the group still faces today.
 This Action Plan reflects my Government’s commitment to right the historic
 wrong-doing.
 The Action Plan was endorsed by Government on 19 July 2001. It aims to ensure
 that Australian South Sea Islanders have, now and in the future, equality of
 opportunity to participate in and contribute to the economic, social, political and
 cultural life of the State.
 The Plan has been designed to respond to the needs mapped by my Department
 in close consultation with the various Australian South Sea Islander groups in the
 community. It defines a whole of government approach to addressing these
 needs and identifies agency-specific actions which will contribute to meeting the
 objectives of the Plan.
 Actions will be planned to address five main categories of need:
     • access to government services;
                                                                                       1
     • greater whole of government awareness of the community’s issues;
     • community development initiatives in the areas of cultural maintenance,
       local protocols in relation to consultation and planning processes,
       infrastructure and training;
     • strategies to combat prejudice; and
     • discrimination against the community’s members and groups.
 Planning and monitoring will be conducted in close liaison with the community.
 Whole of government progress and results will be submitted annually to
 Parliament.
 I commend this Action Plan as a major implementation guide towards better
 addressing the needs and aspirations of all Australian South Sea Islanders.




 Peter Beattie MP
 Premier and Minister for Trade
       Queensland Government Action Plan
    Australian South Sea Islander Community
                Introduction
                      ustralian South Sea Islanders are the              culture, and current circumstances of the

                A     Australian-born descendants of
                      predominantly Melanesian people who
                were brought to Queensland between 1863
                                                                     •
                                                                         Australian South Sea Islander people;
                                                                         assist community development in the
                                                                         Australian South Sea Islander community; and
                and 1904. They came from eighty Pacific
                islands, but primarily from Vanuatu and the          •   address discrimination and prejudice against
                Solomon Islands.                                         Australian South Sea Islanders.

                Australian South Sea Islanders are not
                                                                     How was the Action Plan
                indigenous to this country. They are a distinct
                cultural group. Their experience has been
                                                                     developed?
                different to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander   Multicultural Affairs Queensland coordinated three
                peoples who are the State’s indigenous               rounds of extensive public consultations with the
                peoples. It has also been different to the           Australian South Sea Islander community in
                experience of most other groups who live in          November 1999, March 2000 and
                Queensland.                                          November/December 2000. The consultations
                                                                     identified the community’s needs and obtained the
                Between 1906 and 1908 South Sea Islanders
                                                                     community’s views on how government services
                were deported under various pieces of
                                                                     could be improved.
                Commonwealth legislation. Those who
                remained and their descendants were                  The identified issues and suggested options to
                subjected to ongoing racial discrimination and       address them were considered by representatives
                harsh treatment, including restrictions as a         of Queensland Government agencies both through
                result of government legislation.                    the Working Group on the Australian South Sea
                                                                     Islander Community and at a Queensland
                On 7 September 2000 the Government
                                                                     Government Agency Workshop convened in
                launched a Recognition Statement of the
                                                                     Brisbane in July 2000.
2               Australian South Sea Islander Community
                (Appendix 1). The Statement received
                bi-partisan support.
                                                                     How will the Action Plan be
                                                                     implemented?
                The Government acknowledges that Australian
                South Sea Islanders have experienced                 The Action Plan is a blueprint to guide agencies in
                considerable hardship and discrimination. The        working to address service delivery issues
                Government affirms its commitment to taking          impacting on the Australian South Sea Islander
                positive steps to improve services for               community.
                Australian South Sea Islanders.                      Each agency is responsible for implementing the
                This Action Plan is a blueprint of actions and       commitments of the plan within its own programs
                strategies to be undertaken by Queensland            and services, as appropriate, and as possible
                Government agencies in addressing Australian         within existing resources.
                South Sea Islander issues.                           Implementation by agencies will occur in close
                                                                     consultation and partnership with the Australian
                What does the Action Plan                            South Sea Islander community.
                aim to achieve?
                                                                     How will the Action Plan be
                The Action Plan aims to:
                                                                     evaluated?
                •   coordinate the actions the Government
                                                                     Queensland Government agencies will be
                    will take to improve the community’s
                                                                     responsible for evaluating their actions under the
                    access to services;
                                                                     plan.
                •   increase the awareness of Australian
                                                                     A summary of the actions taken across government
                    South Sea Islander issues within the
                                                                     agencies will be included in the annual Report to
                    government and enhance the capacity of
                                                                     the Premier on the Implementation of the
                    agencies to address these issues in a
                                                                     Multicultural Queensland Policy which is tabled in
                    culturally appropriate way;
                                                                     Parliament. Copies of the report will be provided to
                •   improve the knowledge, understanding             community organisations.
                    and acceptance within the broader
                                                                     The Working Group on the Australian South Sea
                    Queensland community of the history,
                                                                     Islander community will monitor the overall
                                                                     progress of the Action Plan and make regular
                       3




Three generations of
Australian South Sea
Islanders – Kerri
Dorman (nee Leo),
Joe Leo OAM and
grandson Caleb
Dorman, father and
son Darryl and
Jasiah Dorman.
       Queensland Government Action Plan
    Australian South Sea Islander Community

                reports to the Interdepartmental Committee on       The Action Plan aims to improve public sector
                Multicultural Affairs.                              officers’ knowledge and understanding of the
                                                                    Australian South Sea Islander community.
                What issues will the Action
                Plan address?                                       3.     Need for enhanced
                The Action Plan has been formulated to
                                                                           community awareness of
                address five major issues identified from                  Australian South Sea
                public consultations with the Australian South             Islanders
                Sea Islander community.                             There is a lack of knowledge and
                These are:                                          understanding within the general community
                                                                    about the history, culture and current
                1.     Improvement of Australian                    circumstances of Australian South Sea
                       South Sea Islanders’ access                  Islanders.
                       to mainstream services                       To affirm the identity of Australian South Sea
                There is a critical need to improve Australian      Islanders as a distinct cultural group in
                South Sea Islanders’ access to all mainstream       Queensland, the wider community needs
                public services.                                    accurate information.
                Research and consultation show that the             The Action Plan includes a community
                community is disadvantaged in regard to             education strategy which aims to raise
                access to employment, training, education,          awareness of Australian South Sea Islanders.
                health and housing. In addition, the
                community has significant needs in regard to        4.     Need for community
                cultural heritage, arts, business development              development
4               and young people.
                                                                    While there are significant exceptions, the
                Many Australian South Sea Islanders are             marginalisation of Australian South Sea
                unaware of their rights and entitlements to         Islanders within the community over several
                services. Information is not usually available to   generations has caused “fracturing” within the
                the community in a culturally appropriate way.      community and, in some parts of Queensland,
                The Action Plan aims to improve access to           there is little or no formalised community
                services.                                           development activity.
                                                                    The lack of community development hinders the
                2.     Need for better awareness                    community in fully participating in our society.
                       within government of                         The Action Plan recognises the need to work
                       Australian South Sea Islander                with the Australian South Sea Islander
                       issues                                       community to ensure that approaches to service
                There is a lack of knowledge and                    delivery are accompanied by strategies of
                understanding within government agencies            community empowerment and capacity
                about the history, culture and current              building.
                circumstances of Australian South Sea
                Islanders.                                          5.     Need to address
                                                                           discrimination against
                Improving the awareness of staff of
                government agencies of the history, culture
                                                                           Australian South Sea
                and identity of Australian South Sea Islanders             Islanders
                is the first vital step towards the long-term       Consultations have identified discrimination
                goals of providing equitable, accessible and        and prejudice as an ongoing reality for many
                culturally appropriate services to the              Australian South Sea Islanders. The existence
                community.                                          of discrimination is a significant negative
                                                                    influence on the life opportunities of people in
                                                                    the community.
                                                                    The Action Plan aims to combat discrimination
                                                                    and prejudice.
    Actions actions
    Cross-government
    Improvement of Australian South                                       •   agencies will arrange departmental
    Sea Islanders’ access to                                                  awareness training on Australian South
                                                                              Sea Islander culture and issues for
    mainstream services                                                       relevant staff;
    To improve the community’s access to public
                                                                          •   agencies will involve, as appropriate,
    services, Queensland Government agencies
                                                                              Australian South Sea Islanders with
    will:
                                                                              suitable knowledge and expertise in
    •    provide information on public services to                            developing training materials about the
         the community in a culturally appropriate                            community and also in delivering the
         way;                                                                 training; and
    •    use consultation protocols to ensure                             •   agencies will design forms and documents
         community consultations are conducted                                to enable people wishing to identify
         appropriately; *                                                     themselves as Australian South Sea
                                                                              Islanders to do so.
    •    seek to employ Australian South Sea
         Islanders in permanent positions and in
         traineeships so as to reflect the diversity                      Need for enhanced community
         of local communities;                                            awareness of Australian South Sea
    •    utilise, where appropriate, Australian                           Islander issues
         South Sea Islander workers in recruitment                        •   Queensland Government agencies will
         and selection processes to ensure that                               ensure relevant departmental programs
         employees have the necessary knowledge                               and publicity materials include
         and skill to work with the community;                                information about the community.                                   5
    •    consider funding community-based
         workers to undertake service delivery and                        Need for community development
         advocacy functions for the Australian
                                                                          •   Government agencies will commit to using
         South Sea Islander community where
                                                                              appropriate consultation methods with the
         appropriate;
                                                                              community, including the use of               Clay pots from
    •    consider resourcing volunteer                                        consultation protocols.                       Wusi Village,
         organisations which work with the                                                                                  Vanuatu, collected
                                                                                                                            between 1885 and
         community; and                                                   Need to address discrimination                    1895.
    •    conduct needs analysis to ascertain the                          against Australian South Sea
         extent to which services reach the                               Islanders
         community and meet its needs (if not
         already available).                                              To address discrimination against
                                                                          Australian South Sea
                                                                          Islanders agencies will:
    Need for better awareness of
    Australian South Sea Islander                                         •   adopt relevant
                                                                              awareness, training,
    issues within government
                                                                              consultation and
    To improve government agencies’ overall                                   service delivery
    knowledge and understanding of Australian                                 strategies identified in
    South Sea Islander issues, the following                                  the plan; and
    actions will be implemented:
                                                                          •   integrate Australian South Sea
    •    Chief Executive Officers will ensure that                            Islander issues into strategies designed to
         agency staff are made aware of the                                   ensure workplaces and services are free of
         Recognition Statement;                                               discrimination and harassment.

*   A consultation protocol has been developed for Mackay (Drumming the
    Story: Its Our Business) and a protocol is being developed in
    Rockhampton.
                 Queensland Government Action Plan
    Australian South Sea Islander Community
                                    Agency-specific actions
                                    In addition to the general commitment to plan to address the needs of the
                                    community, Queensland Government agencies have committed to the following actions
                                    in their own services and programs. (Current initiatives are also included .)

                                    Anti-discrimination Commission                    Arts Queensland
                                    Queensland:                                       •   develop appropriate information strategies
                                    •   address the issues of discrimination and          for Australian South Sea Islanders about
                                        prejudice against Australian South Sea            its services and programs of assistance;
                                        Islanders through the media and other             (1)
                                        promotional activities; (5)                   •   conduct a survey of the needs of
                                    •   consult the community on identification of        Australian South Sea Islanders; (1)
                                        specific cases of discrimination and ways     •   ensure that application forms have been
                                        to deal with the issues; (5)                      amended to enable people to identify as
                                    •   provide assistance to Australian South Sea        Australian South Sea Islanders; (1)
                                        Islanders in dealing with discrimination in   •   fund an artist in residency project to work
                                        the private rental market; (5) and                with Australian South Sea Islander
                                    •   increase the community’s awareness of             communities in the lead up to the
                                        anti-discrimination legislation. (5)              Queensland Biennial ($14,870); (1)
                                                                                      •   fund the exhibition ‘Queensland, Terre
                                                                                          d’exil’ consisting of historical photographs
                                                                                          featuring South Sea Islanders brought to
                                                                                          Queensland in the late 19th and early 20th
                                                                                          century, their work, social and community
6
                                                                                          life and their departure ($10,000). The
                                                                                          exhibition will open in Noumea in May
                                                                                          2001 and then travel to the Loyalty Islands
                                                                                          where it will be housed in the Lifou
                                                                                          Museum; (3)
                                                                                      •   work collaboratively with other agencies to
                                                                                          develop information material, exhibitions
                                                                                          etc featuring Australian South Sea Islander
                                                                                          art and culture; (3)
                                                                                      •   work cooperatively with the media and
                                                                                          provide them with accurate, up-to-date




Action
                                                                                          information about Australian South Sea
                                                                                          Islander arts and cultural projects and
                                                                                          initiatives; (3)
    The number at the end of the
    action refers to the specific                                                     •   The new museum of Tropical Queensland
    issue the action is primarily
    designed to address.                                                                  in Townsville has a prominent display of
    (1) Improvement of
                                                                                          the involvement of the community in
        Australian South Sea                                                              Queensland’s history; (3)
        Islanders’ access to
        mainstream services
                                                                                      •   support initiatives and projects by and for
    (2) Need for better                                                                   Australian South Sea Islanders through its
        awareness of Australian
        South Sea Islander                                                                programs of assistance in the areas of:
        issues within
        government                                                                        Arts and Cultural Projects; Business and
    (3) Need for enhanced                                                                 Market Development; Professional
        community awareness of                                                            Development; Cultural Infrastructure; and
        Australian South Sea
        Islander issues                                                                   Creative Partnerships; (4) and
    (4) Need for community
        development
                                                                                      •   conduct research and compile a report
    (5) Need to address
                                                                                          establishing the artistic and cultural needs
        discrimination against                                                            of artists and communities of Australian
        Australian South Sea
        Islanders.                                                                        South Sea Islander background. (4)
 Department of Aboriginal and                      •   employ an Australian South Sea Islander
 Torres Strait Islander Policy:                        trainee in the Mackay and Rockhampton
                                                       offices. (In total, DET has employed three
 •   address the plan in the context of its            Australian South Sea Islanders in the
     special role which is to enhance the              Central Queensland Region between 2000
     quality of life of Aboriginal and Torres          – 2002); (1)
     Strait Islander peoples in Queensland;
                                                   •   trainee consultants in both Rockhampton
 •   promote the reconciliation process to             and Townsville will actively work with local
     include relationships between Aboriginal          Australian South Sea Islander
     and Torres Strait Islander peoples and            communities providing information and
     Australian South Sea Islanders;                   support; (1) and
 •   work together with other agencies to          •   place 12 Australian South Sea Islander
     address issues of discrimination and              trainees with local government authorities
     prejudice in the community; and                   under the Public Sector Employment
 •   assist in promoting an understanding of           Initiative. (1)
     the purpose of the plan to indigenous
     communities.

 Department of Employment and
 Training:
 •   provide training and information to assist
     Australian South Sea Islander people to
     access funding opportunities; (1)
 •   consider, in conjunction with the Office of                                                      7
     Women’s Policy, suitable strategies to
     provide training and work opportunities for
     Australian South Sea Islander women; (1)
 •   develop and deliver Australian South Sea
     Islander awareness training to raise the
     awareness of trainers and teachers of
     Australian South Sea Islander issues; (1)
 •   fund Mackay Youth and Community
     Combined Action to work with unemployed
     people in the Australian South Sea
     Islander community ($60,000); (1)




ns
 •   fund the Australian South Sea Islander
     United Council (Independent
     Rockhampton and District) to work with
     unemployed people in the Australian
     South Sea Islander community ($59,800);
     (1)
 •   run vocational training programs through
     the Central Queensland Institute of TAFE
     for Australian South Sea Islanders in
     Rockhampton, Yeppoon and Mackay
     ($80,000); (1)
                             Actio
                 Queensland Government Action Plan
    Australian South Sea Islander Community

                                    Environmental Protection Agency:                   Department of
                                    •   examine potential for an employment            Emergency Services:
                                        framework within the Environmental             •   include Australian South Sea Islanders
                                        Protection Agency for Australian South Sea         and the Queensland Government
                                        Islanders; (1)                                     Recognition Statement of the Australian
                                    •   provide support for the publication of oral        South Sea Islander Community as part of
                                        histories of Australian South Sea Islanders        Diversity at Work – an Employment
                                        in Mackay. The publication is entitled             Framework for People of Diverse Language
                                        Fields of Sorrow; (3) and                          and Cultural Backgrounds;
          The ‘Queensland
               Government           •   target Australian South Sea Islander           •   address the vulnerability of such culturally
               Recognition                                                                 diverse groups as the Australian South
          Statement of the              heritage issues for cultural heritage grants
     Australian South Sea               and funding programs in 2001/2002. (1),            Sea Islander community through the
     Islander Community’                (2) and (3).                                       Natural Disaster Risk Management Studies
           has been placed                                                                 Program. This Program encourages Local
             on permanent                                                                  Governments to use the departmental
       display outside the          Education Queensland:
        Premier’s office at
                                                                                           publication Disaster Risk Management as
                                    •   implement the Australian South Sea                 a guide. The Disaster Risk Management
         Parliament house
                                        Islanders’ curriculum resource for Primary         book advises Local Governments
                                        Schools and Secondary Schools in                   undertaking disaster risk studies to
                                        targeted schools; (1)                              identify community factors
                                    •   identify and promote effective practice in         such as ‘ethnicity,
                                        addressing Australian South Sea Islander           language, community
                                        issues; (1)                                        and welfare group
                                                                                           and cultural
8                                   •   support a range of curriculum initiatives to
                                                                                           activities’ in
                                        meet the literacy needs of Australian
                                                                                           describing
                                        South Sea Islanders; (1)
                                                                                           communities;
                                    •   provide curriculum advice to the writer            and
                                        of “Refined White” school resource; (3)
                                        and
                                    •   provide specific support such as
                                        professional development and curriculum
                                        materials to address issues of
                                        discrimination which may be faced by
                                        Australian South Sea Islander students.
                                        (5)

                                    Department of Corrective Services:
    The number at the end of the    •   provide staff training and awareness
    action refers to the specific       sessions to enhance and support
    issue the action is primarily
    designed to address.                culturally appropriate practices where
    (1) Improvement of                  significant numbers of Australian South
        Australian South Sea
        Islanders’ access to
                                        Sea Islanders are identified; (1) and
        mainstream services
                                    •   make available within correctional
    (2) Need for better
        awareness of Australian         centres any health promotion
        South Sea Islander              materials that use Australian
        issues within
        government                      South Sea Islander images and
    (3) Need for enhanced               are written in culturally appropriate
        community awareness of
        Australian South Sea            language. (1)
        Islander issues

    (4) Need for community
        development

    (5) Need to address
        discrimination against
        Australian South Sea
        Islanders.
ons
                                                    A
•   the Department of Emergency Services            •   the Office of Ageing supports the
    (DES) is in the process of signing a                operation of the Seniors Enquiry Line, a
    Memorandum of Understanding with the                statewide telephone information and
    South Pacific Applied Geoscience                    referral service. The service, funded by
    Commission (SOPAC) – Disaster                       the Department of Families, aims to
    Management Unit, to provide assistance to           meet the information needs of all older
    strengthen the disaster management and              Queenslanders and their families and
    emergency response capacities of Pacific            provides information about culturally
    Island Countries. Five countries: Fiji,             specific services as part of its role. The
    Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Kiribati and              Office of Ageing, in its resourcing role
    Tuvalu have been assigned to the Counter            with the Seniors Enquiry Line, will
    Disaster and Rescue Services (CDRS). The            ensure that the service develops and
    involvement of CDRS staff in this support           puts in place strategies that identify
    program will increase knowledge and                 and provide for the information needs
    awareness of Melanesian culture, which in           of older people from the Australian
    turn will facilitate the development of more        South Sea Islander Community; (1)
    culturally sensitive programs within
                                                    •   promote and celebrate the recognition
    Queensland. Work experience
                                                        of Australian South Sea Islander
    opportunities within CDRS for Pacific Island
                                                        people within the Department and
    Disaster Management officials will facilitate
                                                        with Community and Local Government
    the development of specific pilot projects
                                                        agencies funded by the
    and awareness programs for Australian
                                                        Department; (1)
    South Sea Islander communities.
                                                    •   in resourcing Community and Local
Department of Families:                                 Government Agencies funded by the
•   provide staff training and awareness                Department of Families, promote                                     9
    sessions to enhance and support culturally          awareness of Australian South Sea
    appropriate practice; (1)                           Islander issues and cultural needs; (1)
•   in resourcing community agencies and            •   where appropriate, incorporate
    Local Government authorities funded by              Australian South Sea Islander interests
    the Department of Families, ensure funding          and issues in Local Government
    agreements and service plans include                planning processes, including planning
    performance measures and/or other                   scheme development and review; (1)
    strategies which promote Australian South
    Sea Islanders’ access to services; (1)          •   develop strategies to promote the use
                                                        of the Seniors Card within the older
•   the Office of Community Development has
                                                        Australian South Sea Islander                Shell ornaments from
    recently developed an Access and Equity
                                                        community; (1)                               Malaita, Solomon
    Strategy in respect to services for homeless                                                     Islands, collected
    people aimed at improving outcomes for          •   adopt “place” planning practices which       between 1867 and
    culturally and linguistically diverse               are inclusive of Australian South Sea        1900.
    communities. The strategy will support and          Islanders’ communities and culture.
    monitor the inclusion of access and equity          “Place” planning practices means
    measures within the practice of funded              working in partnership with a range of
    organisations and in Statewide program              stakeholders including government
    development activities. It is intended that         agencies, community organisations
    the implementation of the strategy at a             and community representatives to
    regional level will reflect levels of need in       identify location priority issues/needs
    respect to discreet cultural groups. In a           and to plan/implement collaborative
    number of regions it is envisaged that              solutions. This can occur at two levels:
    Australian South Sea Islander people                Regional and Local;
    would be the focus of local strategies; (1)
                   Queensland Government Action Plan
      Australian South Sea Islander Community

                                      •   an example of this process is currently           backgrounds. Progress on the
                                          occurring within the Mackay Whitsunday            implementation of Our Shared Future is




Action
                                          region, where the Department of Families          reviewed annually. As part of this ongoing
                                          is an active participant in the Mackay            review and development of Our Shared
                                          Government Service Delivery to the                Future, the Office of Ageing will develop
                                          Australian South Sea Islander Working             strategies to consult with older Australian
                                          Party. (Regional Level)                           South Sea Islanders to ensure that their
                                                                                            needs are incorporated by the plan. The
                                          The Department works collaboratively with
                                                                                            Office of Ageing will use this information
                                          other Agencies to address common issues.
                                                                                            to encourage state government agencies
                                          At a local level the Department develops          to develop and implement strategies to
                                          specific actions and strategies relating to       address the issues of older Australian
                                          direct and indirect service delivery.             South Sea Islanders; (2)
                                          Departmental Regions which will adopt         •   the Department of Families is
                                          place planning processes inclusive of the         co-ordinating the development of an
                                          Australian South Sea Islander community           Across-Government Policy and Plan of
                                          include: Townsville and Hinterland,               Action of Domestic and Family Violence.
                                          Mackay Whitsunday, Central Queensland             The Policy will provide a framework for
                                          and Wide Bay Burnett; (2)                         guiding Government responses to
                                      •   enhance departmental employment                   domestic and family violence into the
                                          opportunities for Australian South Sea            future. The need to strengthen responses
                                          Islanders so as to reflect the diversity of       to Australian South Sea Islander people
                                          local communities, through:                       affected by domestic and family violence
                                                                                            will be reflected in the Policy and Plan of
                                          - Traineeships; and
                                                                                            Action; (2)
 10                                       - Developing culturally appropriate
                                            recruitment and selection
                                            processes; (2)
                                      •   the Office of Ageing provides the
                                          secretariat for the Ministerial Advisory
                                          Council for Older Persons. One of the
                                          roles of the Council is to provide the
                                          Minister for Families with advice on
                                          matters related to healthy ageing and
                                          issues of concern to older Queenslanders.
                                          The Council seeks to represent all older
                                          Queenslanders including those from
                                          diverse cultural backgrounds. In its
                                          secretariat role, the Office of Ageing will
                                          disseminate information on the Council to
      The number at the end of the        Australian South Sea Islander community
      action refers to the specific
      issue the action is primarily       groups and will also encourage groups to
      designed to address.                make direct contact with the Council; (2)
      (1) Improvement of
          Australian South Sea        •   the Office of Ageing will continue to
          Islanders’ access to
          mainstream services
                                          oversee the implementation of Our Shared
      (2) Need for better
                                          Future: Queensland’s Framework for
          awareness of Australian         Ageing 2000 – 2004, the State
          South Sea Islander
          issues within                   Government’s five year strategic plan on
          government
                                          ageing. Our Shared Future contains
      (3) Need for enhanced               strategies that will benefit older people
          community awareness of
          Australian South Sea            from diverse cultural and linguistic
          Islander issues

      (4) Need for community
          development

      (5) Need to address
          discrimination against
          Australian South Sea
          Islanders.
•   review and develop policies and                •   where appropriate the development and
    procedures within our client information           implementation of protocols with Australian




s
    and data collection practices relating to          South Sea Islander communities in relation
    ethnicity indicators. To enhance the ability       to consultation practices. (4)
    of Australian South Sea Islander people to
    identify; (2)                                  Department of Housing:
•   promote awareness of Australian South          •   address appropriate strategies and actions
    Sea Islander issues when resourcing                through the Public Housing Client
    services funded by the Department and              Communication Strategy to improve
    raising awareness within departmental              communication with all clients including
    forums and networks; (3)                           Australian South Sea Islanders; (1)
•   the Office of Ageing will continue its         •   undertake an assessment of Australian
    support for Seniors Week, which consists           South Sea Islander housing information
    of local activities across the State as well       needs, the findings of which will be
    as major events in Brisbane such as the            integrated into a communication framework
    Gray Mardi Gras and information expo. A            that includes computerised information
    total of $60,000 will be allocated in              systems currently under development and
    community grants for Seniors Week across           other media as appropriate; (1)
    departmental regions with an additional
    allocation for the Remote and North-West       •   liaise with Australian South Sea Islanders
    Region. Seniors Week is inclusive of all           about how to make client reception areas
    older Queenslanders including those from           more welcoming and culturally appropriate;
    diverse cultural backgrounds. The Seniors          (1)
    Week Community Grants Information Paper        •   target Australian South Sea Islanders for
    specifies the participation of older people        future traineeship in areas with a significant                           11
    from diverse cultural backgrounds among            population of Australian South Sea
    the criteria to be considered when funding         Islanders; (1)
    applications are being assessed. This will
                                                   •   include Australian South Sea Islanders as a
    enhance the ability of a range of cultural
                                                       priority group in future funding rounds for
    groups, including the Australian South Sea
                                                       long-term community housing; (1)
    Islander community, to participate in
    Seniors Week; (3)                              •   in areas with a significant population of
                                                       Australian South Sea Islanders, invite a
•   adopt “Place Planning Processes” which
                                                       representative of the Australian South Sea
    are inclusive of the Australian South Sea
                                                       Islander community to participate in the
    Islander community and culture and the
                                                       community housing resource allocation
    development of appropriate service
                                                       processes; (1)
    responses; (4) and
                                                   •   keep Australian South Sea Islanders
                                                       informed of the availability of funds through
                                                       Community Housing Resource Workers and
                                                       Program Officers; (1)
                                                   •   develop, in conjunction with the Community
                                                       Housing Resource Worker and with the
                                                       support of Operational Performance and
                                                       Strategy, a needs assessment of the              OPPOSITE:
                                                       Mackay region which includes the needs of        Premier Peter Beattie
                                                                                                        greets Australian
                                                       Australian South Sea Islander community.
                                                                                                        South Sea Islander
                                                       Priorities identified will be used to inform     elders at the
                                                       planning of long-term community housing          Recognition Ceremony
                                                       projects; (1)                                    on 7 September, 2001
Action
               Queensland Government Action Plan
     Australian South Sea Islander Community

                                •   identify, under the Local Housing Planning       •   fund the “South Sea Islanders Housing
                                    Strategy, the housing needs of significant           Collective” to purchase two four-bedroom
                                    population groups including, where                   dwellings ($350,000); (1)
                                    appropriate, that of Australian South Sea
                                                                                     •   employ an Australian South Sea Islander
                                    Islander people; (1)
                                                                                         administrative trainee under the
                                •   through quarterly meetings with the                  Government’s Breaking the Unemployment
                                    community Area Office Managers, advise               Cycle initiative in the Mackay office; (1)
                                    on the importance of waitlisting, inform             and
                                    the community of services and products
                                                                                     •   liaise with the Residential Tenancies
                                    available and address Australian South
                                                                                         Authority and the Anti-Discrimination
                                    Sea Islander housing
                                                                                         Commission Queensland to provide advice
                                    issues; (1)
                                                                                         to Australian South Sea Islanders on how
                                •   identify, under the Community Housing                to deal with discrimination in the rental
                                    Five Year Plan, the need to review                   market. (5)
                                    eligibility and allocation policies for use by
                                    community housing providers to enhance           Department of Innovation and
                                    appropriate access for eligible applicants       Information Economy, Sport and
         The original South
         Sea Islanders were         including Australian South Sea Islanders;        Recreation
             first brought to       (1)
       Queensland between                                                            •   develop ‘Accessibility Guidelines for
      1863 and 1904 from        •   provide a grant of up to $5,000 to eligible
                                                                                         Integrated Generic Service Delivery’ to
     eighty Pacific Islands,        Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and
          primarily Vanuatu
                                                                                         guide agencies participating in the Access
                                    Australian South Sea
           and the Solomon                                                               Queensland initiative in achieving best-
                                    Islander people to
         Islands, to work in                                                             practice standards in accessible service
         the fledgling sugar        buy a home in
                                                                                         delivery for their customers, including
12      industry. Of mainly         conjunction with
       Melanesian descent,
                                                                                         people who identify as Australian South
                                    the Department’s
       they were for nearly                                                              Sea Islanders.
                                    Queensland
                50 years the
        industry's principal        Housing Loan or
              labour source.        Queensland State
                                    Housing Loan products;
                                    (1)
                                •   seek to resolve issues
                                    in relation to poor
                                    housing allocation
                                    practice on a case-by-case
                                    basis;
                                •   fund the “Kanaka Town Collective
                                    Housing” for the upgrades of three sub-
                                    standard houses ($75,000); (1)
ns
                                                                                                           The number at the end of the
                                                                                                           action refers to the specific
                                                                                                           issue the action is primarily
                                                                                                           designed to address.

                                                                                                           (1) Improvement of
                                                                                                               Australian South Sea
                                                                                                               Islanders’ access to
                                                                                                               mainstream services

                                                                                                           (2) Need for better
 Department of the Premier and                      •   assist the community to access funding                 awareness of Australian

 Cabinet                                                bodies to support projects designed to                 South Sea Islander
                                                                                                               issues within
                                                        enhance the community’s awareness of the               government
 Multicultural Affairs Queensland:                      culture, identity and needs of Australian          (3) Need for enhanced
 •   co-ordinate the establishment of an                South Sea Islanders; (3)                               community awareness of
                                                                                                               Australian South Sea
     Australian South Sea Islander Community                                                                   Islander issues
     Foundation; (1)                                •   promote Australian South Sea Islander
                                                                                                           (4) Need for community
                                                        community recognition through the                      development
 •   offer cross-cultural training which includes
                                                        Local Area Multicultural Partnership (LAMP)        (5) Need to address
     Australian South Sea Islander issues; (1)
                                                        network; (3)                                           discrimination against
                                                                                                               Australian South Sea
 •   identify and promote best practices in                                                                    Islanders.
                                                    •   identify Australian South Sea Islander




                                                 Actions
     servicing the community; (1)
                                                        role models to help promote the community
 •   promote the use of protocols for                   in publicity materials and at suitable events;
     consultation by government agencies; (1)           (3)
 •   include the community as a special target      •   explore the possibility of using significant
     group for MAQ-funded grants; (1)                   events to promote the community and its
 •   encourage regional managers’ forums to             history; (4)
     address local issues for Australian South
                                                    •   work to establish identified positions
     Sea Islanders; (1)
                                                        responsible for community development; (4)
 •   monitor and evaluate the Action Plan and
                                                    •   encourage the development of local protocols
     provide advice to the Government on its
                                                        for working with the Australian South Sea
     implementation; (1)
                                                        Islander community as a means to link
 •   employ an Australian South Sea Islander            service providers with the community; (4)
     administrative trainee.
                                                    •   negotiate with major funding bodies to set
 •   coordinate a community education strategy          up programs to help Australian South Sea                                           13
     on the Australian South Sea Islander               Islander children learn about island
     community. The first stage of this strategy        cultures; (4)
     has already been developed and included
     printing and disseminating the Recognition     •   encourage local governments to organise
     Statement, a brochure and poster, and the          activities in support of the State’s recognition
     recognition ceremony in Parliament House.          of Australian South Sea Islanders; (2) and
     (2) and (3)                                    •   collect and present information about the
 •   coordinate the production of information           local Australian South Sea Islander
     resources on Australian South Sea                  communities for wide publicity and
     Islanders; (2)                                     promotion. (2)
 •   distribute, in conjunction with DATSIP,        Office of the Public Service
     information to the Indigenous Community
                                                    Merit and Equity:
     on recognition; (2)
                                                    •   coordinate a whole of public sector                A postcard of a
 •   liaise with Regional Managers’ Forums to           employment equity framework for people of          Melanesian family,
     improve awareness in regional offices; (2)         diverse language and cultural backgrounds to       Mount Britten,
                                                                                                           Mackay, circa 1900
 •   fund the Mackay and District Australian            include an emphasis on the recruitment,
     South Sea Islander Association to assist in        training and career development needs of
     publishing a Protocols Guide to assist             Australian South Sea Islanders; (2)
     government agencies to consult                 •   raise awareness of employment equity issues
     appropriately with the community. (2)              affecting Australian South Sea Islanders
 •   develop a website profiling the history of         through whole-of sector EEO consultative
     the Australian South Sea Islander                  forums, seminar
     Community and providing information on             series and public sector employment
     programs, events and activities; (2) and (3)       conferences; (2)
                  Queensland Government Action Plan
     Australian South Sea Islander Community

                                                          •      provide advice and    •   the Australian Sugar Industry Museum was
                                                                 consultancy to            funded to develop and tour an exhibition
                                                                 public sector             which explores the shift from “coloured
                                                                 agencies on               labour” to “white labour” in the Australian
                                                                 employment equity         sugar industry. The Centenary of
                                                                 issues affecting          Federation provided $32,145 and
                                                                 Australian South          Multicultural Affairs Queensland provided
                                                                 Sea islander              $12,000; (3)
                                                                 employees,
                                                                 including access to   Department of Primary Industries:
                                     equal employment opportunities and issues of
                                     discrimination in the workplace; (2)              •   include a presentation on Australian South
                                                                                           Sea Islander history, knowledge and
                                     •   introduce an Australian South Sea Islander        experience in cultural awareness
                                         question to a revised EEO data collection         workshops; (2) and (3) and
                                         instrument proposed for standard use
                                         across the Queensland public sector; (2)      •   seek an Australian South Sea Islander
                                                                                           student to participate in the Cadetship
                                     •   include a capacity for Queensland public          Education to Employment Strategy. (1)
                                         sector agencies to report on Australian
                                         South Sea Islander traineeships as part of
      Australian South Sea                                                             Department of State Development:
       Islander Community                EEO annual reporting requirements; (2)
         Foundation Patron               and                                           •   work with Multicultural Affairs Queensland
               Mal Meninga
                                                                                           to explore possibilities for a pilot program
           AM – one of the           •   encourage agencies to adapt their human
          all-time greats of                                                               aimed at enhancing the business
                                         resource information systems to include
           Australian sport                                                                development skills of the Australian South
                                         workforce data on Australian South Sea
14                                                                                         Sea Islander community. (1)
                                         Islander employees. (2)

                                     Centenary of Federation:                          Queensland Health:
                                     •   provide $86,500 to improve the tourist
                                                                                       •   establish and support a volunteer support
                                         potential of a particularly significant
                                                                                           service for patients from Australian South
                                         cultural site comprising a church, meeting
                                                                                           Sea Islander community in the Mackay
                                         hall and cemetery; (3)
                                                                                           hospital (based on the Wantok model) and
                                     •   fund the Isis Kanaka project which will           trial this model in other relevant Health
                                         relate the unique contribution made by            Service Districts; (1)
                                         South Sea Islanders in the development of
                                                                                       •   negotiate with relevant Divisions of
                                         the sugar industry. Written text, artwork,
                                                                                           General Practice on a joint approach to
                                         photographs and murals will be used to tell
                                                                                           addressing the health needs of the
                                         the story. ($20,000); (3)
                                                                                           Australian South Sea Islander
                                     •   Mackay Tourism and Development Bureau             community; (1)
     The number at the end of the        has been granted $64,000 under
     action refers to the specific
                                                                                       •   include Australian South Sea Islander
                                         Centenary of Federation to develop a
     issue the action is primarily                                                         issues in the implementation of the
     designed to address.                historical display of artefacts and
                                                                                           Diabetes Health Outcome Plan; (1)
     (1) Improvement of                  photographs representing the community’s
         Australian South Sea
         Islanders’ access to            origins. A festival will be held in 2001 to   •   publish an information brochure for
         mainstream services             coincide with Recognition Day; (3)                Australian South Sea Islander patients on
     (2) Need for better                                                                   health service expectations and
         awareness of Australian     •   Joskeleigh Community Association has              responsibilities; (1)
         South Sea Islander
         issues within                   been granted $14,700 to assist in the
         government                      establishment of a museum to display          •   investigate illness and disease patterns
     (3) Need for enhanced               history and artefacts of Australian South         within the community to target health
         community awareness of
         Australian South Sea            Sea Islanders; (3) and                            strategies; (1)
         Islander issues

     (4) Need for community
         development

     (5) Need to address
         discrimination against
         Australian South Sea
         Islanders.
•   consult and continue liaison with the        •   develop a staff resource kit containing
    Australian South Sea Islander community          information on the Australian South Sea
    in Mackay on the most appropriate use of         Islander community, cross-cultural
    the existing dedicated health service            information, protocols on working with
    resources; (1)                                   the community and local contact
                                                     information; (2)
•   continue to employ an Australian South
    Sea Islander at Mackay Health Service to     •   review and improve the recording
    improve access to services by older people       of Australian South Sea Islander identity
    from the community; (1)                          in relevant health information
                                                     collections; (2) and
•   assist the community to develop posters
    and brochures with information about         •   provide information on funding
    health issues for older people in the            opportunities to support community based
    community; (1)                                   health initiatives. (4)
•   prepare articles on recognition for
    inclusion in departmental and Health         Queensland Police Service:
    Service District newsletters; (2)            •   assess the need for Australian South Sea
•   place information on Queensland Health           Islander Police Liaison Officer posts in
    intranet (QHEPS); (2)                            Mackay and other central regions where
                                                     there is a significant population of
•   include information on Australian South          Australian South Sea Islanders; (1) and
    Sea Islanders in orientation programs for
    new staff in relevant Health Service         •   develop promotional material to increase
    Districts; (2)                                   the number of Australian South Sea
                                                     Islanders joining the Police Service. (1)
•   prepare cross-cultural training program on
    Australian South Sea Islander issues; (2)                                                      15
                                                 Queensland Treasury:
•   deploy Australian South Sea Islander
                                                 •   through the Office of Economic Statistics
    health staff to conduct training sessions
                                                     and Research, undertake community
    with mainstream health service staff in
                                                     education strategies to encourage
    relevant Health Service Districts; (2)
                                                     Australian South Sea Islanders to identify
•   negotiate with tertiary educational              in the 2001 census. (1)
    institutions with health professional
    courses to include education about
                                                 •   Statistics
                                                     compile the available statistics on
    Australian South Sea Islander health
                                                     the community and posted them to their
    issues; (2)
                                                     website. A factsheet is also available. (1)

                                                 •   Community Development
                                                     Mackay and District Australian South Sea
                                                     Islander Association has been granted
                                                     $33,928 from the Gambling Benefit Fund
                                                     to employ a Community Development
                                                     Trainee. (4)

                                                 Joint Initiative
                                                 Livingstone Shire Council, the Department of
                                                 Main Roads and the Department of the Premier
                                                 and Cabinet have provided $160,000 to
                                                 upgrade the Joskeleigh Road. (4)



                                                 Clacy Fatnowna –
                                                 Officer in Charge
                                                 Mackay Queensland
                                                 Ambulance Service
        Queensland Government Action Plan
     Australian South Sea Islander Community
                 Appendix 1

                 Queensland Government                             and key industries. They played a significant
                                                                   role in the sugar industry. They also
                 Recognition Statement -                           contributed to the development of farming and
                 The Australian South Sea                          grazing, as well as the maritime industry,
                 Islander Community                                pearling, mining, the railways, domestic
                 The Queensland Government hereby formally         services and childcare. Individual Australian
                 recognises Australian South Sea Islanders as a    South Sea Islanders have excelled in politics,
                 distinct cultural group.                          government, religion, sports, art, business,
                                                                   health and education. They have also served
                 Australian South Sea Islanders are the            the nation as members of the defence force in
                 Australian-born descendants of predominantly      times of peace and war. While their work
                 Melanesian people who were brought to             benefited the State as a whole, Australian
                 Queensland between 1863 and 1904 from             South Sea Islanders remained in a state of
                 eighty Pacific Islands, but primarily Vanuatu     poverty.
                 and the Solomon Islands.
                                                                   Australian South Sea Islanders’ unique
                 Australian South Sea Islanders are not            spirituality, identity and cultural heritage
                 indigenous to this country. South Sea             enrich Queensland’s culturally diverse society.
                 Islanders were brought to Australia as a source   For more than a century their culture, history
                 of cheap labour for Queensland’s primary          and contribution to Queensland have been
                 industries. Many people were tricked into         ignored and denied. Even today there is little
                 coming, others were kidnapped or                  knowledge or understanding among the
                 “blackbirded”. Men, women and children were       Australian community about Australian South
                 forced to work long hours at exhausting           Sea Islanders.
                 manual work for low or no wages while living in
                 very poor conditions. Many were treated like      The Government acknowledges and regrets
16               slaves. In the early 1880s, the death rate        that Australian South Sea Islanders
                 among South Sea Islanders was five times          experienced unjust treatment and endured
                 higher than the comparable European               social and economic disadvantage, prejudice
                 population.                                       and racial discrimination. The Government also
                                                                   recognises that Australian South Sea Islanders
                 Between 1906 and 1908 South Sea Islanders         continue to face significant disadvantages.
                 were deported under the White Australia
                 Policy. South Sea Islanders protested and         The Queensland Government is committed to
                 petitioned the Government against                 ensuring that present and future generations of
                 deportation. The descendants of those who         Australian South Sea Islanders have equality of
                 remained in Australia are known today as          opportunity to participate in and contribute to
                 Australian South Sea Islanders. The generation    the economic, social, political and cultural life
                 of South Sea Islanders who remained after         of the State.
                 deportation were subjected to ongoing racial      The Queensland Government requires its
                 discrimination and harsh treatment, including     departments and other agencies to act on this
                 restrictions as a consequence of government       commitment through their policies, programs
                 legislation. Some trade unions also adopted       and services.
                 exclusionary practices which disadvantaged
                 the community. Many Australian South Sea
                 Islanders are today still living in conditions
                 well below the standard of living enjoyed by
                 most other Australians.
                 The Australian South Sea Islander community
                 has played a major role in the economic,
                 cultural and regional development of
                 Queensland. Australian South Sea Islanders
                 provided labour to help build local economies

				
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Description: Australian South Sea Islander Community