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					Introduction to Construction




                               1
Introduction to Construction

 The  construction course is one of
  continuous development throughout 2, 3
  or 4 years through:
 formal teaching of technical knowledge


 selfdirected learning, including working
  individually and in groups of increasing
  complexity

                                             2
Introduction to Construction

 The construction units are very career
  orientated, giving technical information
  and developing the skills required by
  industry.
 Due to the increasing complexity of site
  management, good technical and
  communication skills and the ability to
  work in groups of specialists are vital
  requirements.

                                             3
    Introduction to Construction

 Typical skills   are        Year 1   Technical    Drawing
                                                    & IT




   Good communicator
                                                              Skills
   Technical understanding
   Use of IT
   Group Working
   Business understanding    Year 4   Managerial   Reports




                                                                  4
Construction Practice
 Aims:
• To introduce RISK MANAGEMENT,
  including Health & Safety and Environmental
  issues relevant to the construction site.
• To introduce the various parties involved in a
  construction project.
• To introduce the methods of working and
  construction techniques.



                                                   5
Construction Practice
 Methods:
• Formal lectures
• Continuous project based learning
• Construction site visits



 Assessment:
•   100% by project coursework plus site test



                                                6
Construction Practice
 Staff: Lion    Gate Room 1.33

• J Reynolds          Careers advice, CEM Tutor
• A Petersen          CEM Course Leader
• A Tutesigensi       MSc Course Leader,Research

•   Staff are only available during lecture and
    tutorial times – all questions outside of these
    times should be sent via ‘PROJECT TALK’

                                                      7
THE PROJECT LIFE CYCLE
                   Demolition           Identification
                                        of need
RISKS

•ENVIRONMENT
•HEALTH & SAFETY
•FINANCE
                                              Planning
•QUALITY     Operate &
             Maintain           RISKS




              Construction              Design



                                                  8
Hazard & Risk Management
   Identification of hazards
   Elimination and control of risks
   Avoiding accidents and injuries
   Avoiding occupational ill health
   It is also about:
     Avoiding abortive work
     Avoiding financial loss
     Professional responsibilities
     Complying with statutory obligations
     Avoiding fines and prison sentences

                                             9
Manage Human Resource




                        10
Manage Construction Plant




                            11
Manage Materials




                   12
Hazard & Risk Management
   “Designers create many of the risks,
   Contractors can mostly only manage the risks,
   while the workers have to endure them.
   Clients must learn more about their
    responsibilities and think about the risks.
   Construction professionals are involved at all
    stages. We need to work together to ensure
    consistently high standards.”

John Barber MA LLB CEng FICE MHKIE FCIArb
Barrister to ICE



                                                     13
Characteristics of the Construction
Industry
 National Importance:
    Difficult to define (DIY etc)
    Annual turnover varies widely
    About £80,000m to £100,000m per year
    Employs about 6 to 8% of national workforce
    Major Health & Safety and Environment issues



                                                14
PROJECTS
   Mostly unique
   Long duration
   Outside
   Price often fixed by competitive tender
COMPANIES
   Client /Promoter - provides finance
   Designer
   Contractor



                                              15
COMPANIES
   Clients -          Government, Industrial,
                       Commercial
 Designers -          Consultant Engineers & Architects
 Contractors -        Civil Engineering, Building, General
       – Specialists - Earthworks, Demolition, Steelwork
                       etc.
 Size -      90% employ less than 20 people
              Small firms carry out approx. 30% work
              Large firms usually multi-disciplinary
 Materials -                 Manufacture, Supplier
   Project Management -    Quantity surveying etc.


                                                          16
The UK Construction Industry is rapidly
moving towards :-
    Design & Build ( & Operate ) Contracts
    Use of specialist sub-contractors
    Main Contractor acting in a management
     role
    ‘Fast Track’ construction


Construction courses have to reflect this
changing model.

                                              17
History of a Project
Construction is the last phase of a series of
interrelated activities

1 Idea - the establishment of a need
2 Feasibility study
    Market forecast
    Investigations of various possibilities
    Planning
3 Comparison of alternatives – economic
  appraisal

                                                18
4 Recommendation of specific project
5 Site Investigation
6 Detailed Design
7 Contract preparation -       Conditions
                    -     Roles & Responsibilities
                    -     Risk Allocation
8 Invitations to Tender
9 Approval of Tender
10 Construction

                                                     19
 Alternative Contract Methods

   4   Recommendation of specific project
   5   Site Investigation
   6   Detailed Design
   7   Contract preparation - Conditions
Design &             - Roles & Responsibilities
Construct      - Risk Allocation
    8 Invitations to Tender           Alternative
                                      Design
    9 Approval of Tender
    10 Construction
                                               20
Pre Construction Phase
 1 Contractor receives invitation to tender
 2 Preparation of tender - Site location, access etc
          - Ground Conditions
          - Method of working - plant, labour &
            materials
            - RISK ASSESSMENT
 3 Obtain costs from suppliers
 4 Additional costs - Overheads, supervision and
                        financing
 5 Submit tender to Client or Engineer

                                                  21
Construction Phase
6 Detailed programme of work
7 Health & Safety and Environment plan
8 Construction
  - site accommodation, services, hoardings etc
  - site clearance, bulk excavation
  - excavate and construct foundations
  - construct frame / walls
  - cladding, roof, weatherproof
  - internal finishes, external services

                                                  22
Design & Build Management
                           Client

                         Contractor
                          (Tender)

      Design Consultant                Sub Contractor
  ( Drawings & Specification)       (Price & Programme)

                         Contractor
                     (Site Management)

                       Sub Contactor
                       (Construction)

                                                          23
Examples of construction work




                                24
Hendon Sewage Treatment Works -
Environmental




                                  25
M8 Motorway Bridge Strengthening -
Structural




                                     26
Jubilee Line Underground London -
Transport Tunnelling




                                    27
Chek Lap Yok Airport, Hong Kong –
Transport, Environmental




                                    28
Rail Maintenance & Renewal - Transport




                                         29
     www.civil.port.ac.uk
                                                        part of the faculty of environment
Civil Engineering



                    about us

                    courses                    Civil Engineering
                    research

                    staff
                                               Teaching related information
                    contact us
                                               Includes course documents, committee minutes, past
                    resources and facilities
                                               examination papers and timetables.
                    higher degree by
                    research                   Subject Areas:
                    student projects                •Common Skills
                    student intranet                •Communications
                                                    •Construction
                                                    •The Design Thread
                                                          •Intro to Design
                                                    •Environmental Engineering
                                                    •Intro to Web Publishing
                                                    •Management
                                                    •Materials and Geotechnics
                                                    •Project downloads
                                                    •Structures
                                                    •Surveying
                                                                                                    30
www.civil.port.ac.uk/pumice/cemg.htm




                                   31
www.civl.port.ac.uk/pumice/timetables/
cctime.htm




                                         32
www.civl.port.ac.uk/pumice/timetables/
cctime.htm




                                         33
 Tutorial for
    week 1
 access web page
 construction
  practice
 week 1 lecture
  notes
 project button
  under schematic
  to access map
 Incinerator
    project
                    34

				
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