MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATERIAL AND SUPPLIER Name: Aquachlor Metal Stain Remover Other Names: Citric Acid Manufacturers’ Code & Pack Size: A96003 2 kg Recommended Use: Metal stain remover for swimming pools. Supplier’s Details: Waterco Limited, 390 Marion Street, Bankstown. NSW 2200 Ph: (02) 9795.5500 Emergency Phone Number: Business hours only 1800 226 556 2. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazardous Classification: Classified as a hazardous substance according to the criteria of the Occupational National Health and Safety Commission. Risk Phrases: R53 May cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. R36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. Safety Phrases: S61 Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/ safety date sheet. S24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes. S36/37/39 Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS Chemical Entity † Synonyms CAS Number Amount Citric acid, monohydrate Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxilicacid 5949-29-1 100% monohydrate † Where they are present in this product, and other ingredients of this material are not hazardous, as defined by either inclusion in the List of Designated Hazardous Substance or classified in accordance with the Approved Criteria for Defining a Hazardous Substance, and published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, 1999. 4. FIRST AID MEASURES First Aid: Take a copy of this MSDS to medical advisers if signs or symptoms of overexposure occur and medical attention is required. Swallowed: DO NOT induce vomiting. Wash out mouth with water and give plenty of water to drink. If symptoms develop seek medical attention. Skin: Remove all contaminated clothing. Wash gently and thoroughly with water and non- abrasive soap for 15 minutes. Ensure contaminated clothing is washed before re-use or discard. If contact is more than of minor nature, seek medical attention. Eye: If contact with the eye(s) occurs, wash with copious amounts of water for approximately 15 minutes holding eyelid(s) open. Take care not to rinse contaminated water into the not- affected eye. If symptoms persist seek medical attention. Waterco Limited Aquachlor Metal Stain Remover Page 2 of 4 Inhaled: Remove the source of contamination or move the victim to fresh air. Ensure airways are clear and have qualified person give oxygen through a face mask if breathing is difficult. If symptoms develop seek medical attention. First Aid Facilities: Safety showers, eye wash fountains and normal wash room facilities. Advice to Doctor: Treat symptomatically. 5. FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES Hazchem Code: None allocated. Extinguishers: Use dry agent, foam or water mist. Fire Fighting Precautions: Fire-fighters should wear full protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) operated in positive pressure mode. Combustion Products: Under fire conditions this product may emit toxic and /or irritating fumes including carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Other Precautions: Combustible solid. This product will burn if exposed to fire. 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES Remove all sources of heat. Increase ventilation. Wear sufficient respiratory protection and full protective clothing to minimise skin and eye exposure. Sweep up material avoiding dust generation or dampen spilled material with water to avoid airborne dust. Seal all wastes in vapour tight labelled plastic containers for eventual disposal. If large quantities of this material enter the waterways contact the Environmental Protection Authority, or your local Waste Management Authority. 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE Storage: Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area, out of direct sunlight. Store away from heat and ignition sources. Store in suitable, labelled containers. Protect from damage. Use suitable, approved storage cabinets, tanks, rooms and buildings. Avoid any dust build-up by frequent cleaning and suitable construction of storage area. Keep storage separate from populated work areas. Inspect periodically for deficiencies such as damage or leaks. Have appropriate fire extinguishers available in and near the storage area. Incompatibilities: Store away from incompatible materials such as materials that support combustion (oxidising materials). 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION Exposure Standards: No ingredients in this product have exposure standards, as outlined in the standard Exposure Standards for Atmospheric Contaminants in the Occupational Environment third edition, published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, 1995. Engineering Controls: Use with good general ventilation. If dusts are produced local exhaust ventilation should be used. Personal Protective Equipment: All personal protective equipment should be selected, used, maintained and decontaminated in accordance with manufacturers’ instructions and applicable standards. Clothing: Suitable work-wear should be worn to protect personal clothing, eg cotton overalls buttoned at neck and wrist. Waterco Limited Aquachlor Metal Stain Remover Page 3 of 4 Skin Protection: Where skin contact is likely to be prolonged or repeated impervious PCV or rubber gloves are recommended. Eye Protection: Safety glasses with side shields or goggles should be worn as described in Australian/New Zealand Standards AS/NZS 1337 - Eye Protectors for Industrial Applications. Respiratory Protection: Where sufficient ventilation is not available, avoid breathing dust by wearing as Australian Standards AS 1716 approved P1 or P2 particulate filter respirator. Reference should be made to Australian/New Zealand Standards AS/NZS 1715 - Selection, use and maintenance of Respiratory Protective Devices; and AS/NZS 1716 - Respiratory Protective Devices, in order to make any necessary changes for individual circumstances Personal Hygiene: Ensure a high level of personal hygiene is maintained when using this product. Always wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking or using the toilet. 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES Appearance/Odour: Colourless, translucent crystal, or white crystalline powder; exists in anhydrous form or monohydrate; odourless. pH: 2.2 (0.1 N solution). Vapour Pressure: Not available Boiling Point/Range: Decomposes before boiling. Freezing/Melting Point: 153ºC Solubility in Water: Soluble Specific Gravity/Density: 1.665 @ 18 ºC (water = 1). Flash Point: Not available Lower Flammability Limit: Not available Upper Flammability Limit: Not available Ignition Temperature: 1010 ºC 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY Chemical Stability: Stable under normal conditions. Incompatible Material: Strong oxidising agents. 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION Toxicological Information: Oral LD50 (rat) = 3000 mg/kg Routes of Exposure: Primary route of exposure is inhalation, and skin and eye contact. Acute Effects: Swallowed: Ingestion of this product may irritate the gastric tract causing nausea and vomiting. Skin: Irritating to skin resulting in redness and itching. Eye: Irritating to eyes. On eye contact this product will cause tearing, stinging, blurred vision and redness. Inhaled: Inhalation of dusts may irritate the respiratory system. Chronic Effects: Prolonged or repeated skin contact may cause defatting leading to dermatitis. 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION Biological Properties: This chemical forms a moderately acidic aqueous solution, and this property may cause adverse environmental effects. It has a high biological oxygen demand, and Waterco Limited Aquachlor Metal Stain Remover Page 4 of 4 it may cause significant oxygen depletion in aquatic systems. If neutralized, it has low potential to affect aquatic organisms, secondary waste treatment microorganisms and the germination and growth of some plants. This product is expected to be readily biodegradable and is not likely to bioconcentrate. When diluted with a large amount of water, this chemical released directly or indirectly into the environment is not expected to have a significant impact. Environment Protection: Prevent this material from entering waterways, drains and sewers. 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS Disposal Methods and Containers: Dispose of according to relevant local, state and federal government regulations. 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION UN Number: None allocated UN Proper Shipping Name: None allocated Dangerous Goods Class: None allocated Packing Group: None allocated Hazchem Code: None allocated 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION Poisons Schedule: Not scheduled 16. OTHER INFORMATION Worker Training: As a minimum all workers using this product should be shown a copy of this MSDS before first use. Date of Preparation of this MSDS: January, 2007 This material safety data sheet (MSDS): 1. Is produced by Waterco Ltd for use in Australia, and is based on information supplied to Waterco Ltd by our suppliers. 2. Summarises our best knowledge of the health and safety hazard information of the product and how to safely handle and use the product in the workplace, 3. Has been formatted to MSDS format accepted by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission for use in Australia. 4. Has been produced following the principles and recommendation outline in the National Code of Practice for the Preparation of Material Safety Data Sheet published by the National Occupational Health and Safety Commission/AGPS, Canberra, 2003. Each user must review this MSDS in the context of how the product will be handled and used in the workplace. If clarification or further information is needed to ensure that an appropriated risk assessment can be made, the user should contact Waterco Ltd. If this MSDS is a copy, or more than five years old, contact Waterco Ltd for a new one.
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