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21.07 HERITAGE 21.07-1 Overview Hobsons Bay has a rich and diverse

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21.07 HERITAGE 21.07-1 Overview Hobsons Bay has a rich and diverse Powered By Docstoc
					                                      HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME




21.07         HERITAGE
01/02/2007
C34




21.07-1       Overview
01/02/2007
C34
              Hobsons Bay has a rich and diverse cultural heritage that illustrates the occupation
              and settlement of the land by Aboriginal and European settlement. Prior to
              European settlement, the Yulukit-william clan occupied the Hobsons Bay area, and
              a number of sites of significance to the indigenous community are located
              throughout the municipality, particularly along coastal areas and near creeks and
              waterholes.
              Since the first exploration and settlement of non-indigenous communities the
              following themes have shaped the municipality:

              Early Pastoral Settlement

              Gellibrand Point became an important site for the members of the Port Phillip
              Association who followed John Helder Wedge into the area after 1835. It was at
              this convenient spot that members of the association landed their stock and
              supplies, having crossed Bass Strait to establish their own pastoral runs here.
              While Williamstown developed as a village and port area, much of the remaining
              land within the municipality was taken up by early pastoral properties. In Altona
              and Laverton for example, early landowners such as Alfred Langhorne established
              pastoral runs in the 1840s. Langhorne’s homestead, originally known as Laverton
              and now Altona survives today in Queen Street, Altona

              Port and Defence

              European settlement of the area commenced in the 1830s and Point Gellibrand
              was the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Port Phillip district. It
              was strategically important in terms of the defence of the infant Colony of Victoria,
              and was the first landfall and primary disembarkation point in the colony up until
              the 1850s. The difficulty of navigating the Yarra River further upstream, combined
              with the shallower water off Port Melbourne, resulted in Williamstown becoming the
              major port for Melbourne in the early years.
              The early development of this area is demonstrated by the construction of the Point
              Gellibrand Lighthouse, Fort Gellibrand, and significant port-related infrastructure
              such as piers and the Alfred Graving Dock. It is also illustrated by the significant
              residential, civic and commercial development of Williamstown during the mid-to-
              late nineteenth century, particularly in the Government Town.

              The Government Town

              When Governor Bourke visited Port Phillip in 1837 he directed Surveyor Hoddle to
              have the whole peninsula surveyed to determine the parts of land he wished to be
              reserved for Government purposes.
              Soon after, Bourke named Hobsons Bay and the towns of “Williams Town” and
              Melbourne. Hoddle surveyed Williamstown, marking out Nelson Place and four
              blocks of allotments between the reserve at Point Gellibrand and the streets that
              are now Cole and Parker. In 1855 the official town boundaries of Williamstown
              were extended and a map dated 1860 shows a street grid reaching up to Ferguson
              Street and back to Hanmer and Electra Streets. This area became the civic and
              commercial heart of Williamstown.



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              Nineteenth century private estate residential development

              At the time that the Government Survey town was being developed most of the
              land north of Ferguson Street had been sold in large lots and from the early 1850s
              on, virtually another town began to grow as far up as Yarra Street. In contrast to
              the orderly and spacious layout of the “Government” town, there emerged a
              network of narrow streets and lanes, which crossed a series of east/west streets
              paralleling Ferguson Street.
              The area to the west of the Botanic Gardens, including part of a farm established
              by Michael Hannan in 1846, was subdivided by the 1880s, as were areas in
              Newport and Spotswood and even as far a-field as Laverton and Altona, but they
              were not fully developed until the Interwar period or sometimes even later.

              Railways

              The railway to Williamstown, completed in 1857, was the first to be finished by the
              Victorian Government and demonstrated the strategic importance of the area in
              terms of trade and defence. Railway workshops were established at Point
              Gellibrand and until their relocation to Newport, served the entire railway network.
              The massive railway workshops complex developed at Newport sustained the city
              economically as the fortunes of the port declined. Up to 3,000 people were
              employed there at any one time and it also led to a number of railway-related
              industries setting up in the area.

              Twentieth century development

              Newport and Spotswood remained largely rural until major industries such as
              Melbourne Glass Bottle Works (now ACI), attracted by the flat land, relative
              isolation, and proximity to rail and port facilities began to establish in the area
              between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. This in turn led to the
              development of the residential and commercial areas to serve the growing
              workforce. The Edwardian and Interwar-era commercial centres in Hall and Mason
              Streets Newport and surrounding residential areas are testament to this rapid
              expansion.
              Little growth occurred in Altona and Laverton until the Interwar years. It was only
              in the post-World War II period that the area was transformed into a suburb by
              rapid industrial and residential development associated with the establishment of
              major industrial complexes such as the Former Vacuum Refining Company (now
              the Mobil Oil Refinery in Millers Road), in 1949.

              Conclusion

              This unique and diverse history is reflected in the heritage places that have been
              identified in the Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006. The cultural heritage of
              Hobsons Bay is highly valued by the local community and there is strong support
              for the protection and conservation of heritage places and precincts. While
              attention has traditionally been focussed upon nineteenth or early twentieth century
              heritage places, there is increasing recognition and awareness of the value and
              significance of more recent places such as post-war industrial sites in
              demonstrating important phases in the historical development of the municipality.




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21.07-2       Key issues

01/02/2007
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              § Demolition
              The continued incremental loss of contributory heritage places within heritage
              precincts, which has and will adversely affect the integrity of these places.
              § Infill Development
              Inappropriately designed new infill development
              § Alterations and Additions to Heritage Places
              Poorly designed additions and alterations to heritage places that are unrelated in
              terms of design, scale, form and materials.
              § Industrial Heritage
              The on-going management of complex heritage places such as industrial
              complexes and former purpose-built industrial complexes that are now redundant
              and are difficult to re-use.
              § Community Awareness
              Improving understanding and appreciation of the value of heritage places and the
              significance of twentieth century heritage, including significant industrial places.

21.07-3       Vision
 01/02/2007
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              A community where we value our heritage and the important role it plays in helping
              us to understand and interpret our past, and also enhancing our future prosperity
              and way of life.
              A municipality where all places of heritage significance (including a site, area,
              building, group of buildings, structure, archaeological site, tree, garden, geological
              formation, fossil site, habitat or other place of natural or cultural significance and its
              associated land) are identified, protected and conserved, and receive the highest
              standard of care and management in accordance with best conservation practice.

21.07-4       How the vision will be achieved
01/02/2007
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              Objectives

              § To protect and conserve the heritage of Hobsons Bay.
              § To support the replacement of non-contributory buildings and public
                infrastructure with new development that responds more positively to the
                historic context provided by surrounding heritage places.
              § To ensure that new development does not distort the historic evidence provided
                by heritage placed by simply copying or reproducing historic styles or detailing.
              § To ensure that new buildings or works do not visually dominate or cause
                detriment to the aspects of a place’s heritage values that are situated in its
                locality.
              § To support proactive management and sustainable use of heritage places and
                precincts by key stakeholders.
              § To lead by example in the management of Council’s own heritage assets.
              § To promote awareness and appreciation of the importance and value of the
                cultural heritage of Hobsons Bay.


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              Strategies

              § Avoid the demolition of buildings or works that contribute to the value of a
                heritage place and ,where that place is a precinct consisting of a number of
                properties, that contribution should be assessed within the immediate locality of
                the buildings of works.
              § Give preference to new infill buildings that are visually recessive ad
                compatible in terms of their scale, siting, design, form and materials with the
                historic character of the heritage place or precinct in accordance with the
                Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay.
              § Give preference to alterations or additions to existing buildings that are
                visually recessive and compatible in terms of their scale, siting, design, form
                and materials with the historic character of the heritage place or precinct in
                accordance with the Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in
                Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006.
              § Promote the conservation of elements that contribute to the significance of a
                heritage place or precinct in accordance with the principles procedures
                recommended by the Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places
                of Cultural Significance (the Burra Charter).                                                Comment [H2]: Italicise
                                                                                                             reference to ensure format
                                                                                                             consistency.
              Implementation

              These strategies will be implemented by:
              Applying the Heritage Overlay to heritage places identified by the Hobsons Bay
              Heritage Study 2006, by Heritage Victoria, or other relevant heritage studies.
              § Discouraging the demolition of heritage places unless it can be demonstrated to
                the satisfaction of the responsible authority that, as appropriate:
                  §    The fabric to be removed is not significant, or
                  §    The fabric to be removed is not of primary significance and its removal will
                       not adversely affect the significance of the place, or
                  §    It will assist in the long term conservation of the place, or
                  §    In the case of an industrial heritage place, it will facilitate the historic use of
                       the place and will not result in the loss of fabric considered to be of primary
                       significance.
              § Using the Heritage Local Policies at Clause 22.01 when considering to use or
                develop heritage places.
              § Assessing applications for infill development in accordance with the
                Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006.
              § Assessing applications for alterations and additions in accordance with the
                Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in Heritage Areas in
                Hobsons Bay 2006.
              § Using the Aboriginal cultural resource map and guidelines provided by
                Aboriginal Affairs Victoria when considering an application to develop or rezone
                land.

              Undertaking further strategic work as follows:

              § Significant Tree Study




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                                      HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME



              § Aboriginal Cultural Heritage study, where this is considered appropriate, in
                conjunction with indigenous communities or custodians, and relevant authorities
                such as Aboriginal Affairs Victoria.
              § Cultural Landscape Study.
              § Port of Williamstown Heritage Study in conjunction with other relevant statutory
                authorities.
              § Post-war Heritage Study.
              § Conservation Management Plans or management guidelines for other Council-
                owned or managed heritage assets as required, including:
                  §    Historic public infrastructure and street trees
                  §    Historic sporting pavilions
                  §    Dennis Reserve, Williamstown
              § Review and update the Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006 as appropriate.



              References

              § Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006
              § Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in Heritage Areas in
                Hobsons Bay 2006
              § Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006
              § Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural
                Significance (The Burra Charter)




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