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21.07 HERITAGE 21.07-1 Overview Hobsons Bay has a rich and diverse ...
HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME 21.07 HERITAGE 01/02/2007 C34 21.07-1 Overview 01/02/2007 C34 Hobsons Bay has a rich and diverse cultural heritage that illustrates the occupation and settlement of the land by Aboriginal and European settlement. Prior to European settlement, the Yulukit-william clan occupied the Hobsons Bay area, and a number of sites of significance to the indigenous community are located throughout the municipality, particularly along coastal areas and near creeks and waterholes. Since the first exploration and settlement of non-indigenous communities the following themes have shaped the municipality: Early Pastoral Settlement Gellibrand Point became an important site for the members of the Port Phillip Association who followed John Helder Wedge into the area after 1835. It was at this convenient spot that members of the association landed their stock and supplies, having crossed Bass Strait to establish their own pastoral runs here. While Williamstown developed as a village and port area, much of the remaining land within the municipality was taken up by early pastoral properties. In Altona and Laverton for example, early landowners such as Alfred Langhorne established pastoral runs in the 1840s. Langhorne’s homestead, originally known as Laverton and now Altona survives today in Queen Street, Altona Port and Defence European settlement of the area commenced in the 1830s and Point Gellibrand was the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Port Phillip district. It was strategically important in terms of the defence of the infant Colony of Victoria, and was the first landfall and primary disembarkation point in the colony up until the 1850s. The difficulty of navigating the Yarra River further upstream, combined with the shallower water off Port Melbourne, resulted in Williamstown becoming the major port for Melbourne in the early years. The early development of this area is demonstrated by the construction of the Point Gellibrand Lighthouse, Fort Gellibrand, and significant port-related infrastructure such as piers and the Alfred Graving Dock. It is also illustrated by the significant residential, civic and commercial development of Williamstown during the mid-to- late nineteenth century, particularly in the Government Town. The Government Town When Governor Bourke visited Port Phillip in 1837 he directed Surveyor Hoddle to have the whole peninsula surveyed to determine the parts of land he wished to be reserved for Government purposes. Soon after, Bourke named Hobsons Bay and the towns of “Williams Town” and Melbourne. Hoddle surveyed Williamstown, marking out Nelson Place and four blocks of allotments between the reserve at Point Gellibrand and the streets that are now Cole and Parker. In 1855 the official town boundaries of Williamstown were extended and a map dated 1860 shows a street grid reaching up to Ferguson Street and back to Hanmer and Electra Streets. This area became the civic and commercial heart of Williamstown. MUNICIPAL S TRATEGIC S TATEMENT - CLAUSE 21.07 PAGE 1 OF 5 HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME Comment [H1]: Move Heading from the bottom of page one to the top of page two. Nineteenth century private estate residential development At the time that the Government Survey town was being developed most of the land north of Ferguson Street had been sold in large lots and from the early 1850s on, virtually another town began to grow as far up as Yarra Street. In contrast to the orderly and spacious layout of the “Government” town, there emerged a network of narrow streets and lanes, which crossed a series of east/west streets paralleling Ferguson Street. The area to the west of the Botanic Gardens, including part of a farm established by Michael Hannan in 1846, was subdivided by the 1880s, as were areas in Newport and Spotswood and even as far a-field as Laverton and Altona, but they were not fully developed until the Interwar period or sometimes even later. Railways The railway to Williamstown, completed in 1857, was the first to be finished by the Victorian Government and demonstrated the strategic importance of the area in terms of trade and defence. Railway workshops were established at Point Gellibrand and until their relocation to Newport, served the entire railway network. The massive railway workshops complex developed at Newport sustained the city economically as the fortunes of the port declined. Up to 3,000 people were employed there at any one time and it also led to a number of railway-related industries setting up in the area. Twentieth century development Newport and Spotswood remained largely rural until major industries such as Melbourne Glass Bottle Works (now ACI), attracted by the flat land, relative isolation, and proximity to rail and port facilities began to establish in the area between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. This in turn led to the development of the residential and commercial areas to serve the growing workforce. The Edwardian and Interwar-era commercial centres in Hall and Mason Streets Newport and surrounding residential areas are testament to this rapid expansion. Little growth occurred in Altona and Laverton until the Interwar years. It was only in the post-World War II period that the area was transformed into a suburb by rapid industrial and residential development associated with the establishment of major industrial complexes such as the Former Vacuum Refining Company (now the Mobil Oil Refinery in Millers Road), in 1949. Conclusion This unique and diverse history is reflected in the heritage places that have been identified in the Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006. The cultural heritage of Hobsons Bay is highly valued by the local community and there is strong support for the protection and conservation of heritage places and precincts. While attention has traditionally been focussed upon nineteenth or early twentieth century heritage places, there is increasing recognition and awareness of the value and significance of more recent places such as post-war industrial sites in demonstrating important phases in the historical development of the municipality. MUNICIPAL S TRATEGIC S TATEMENT - CLAUSE 21.07 PAGE 2 OF 5 HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME 21.07-2 Key issues 01/02/2007 C34 § Demolition The continued incremental loss of contributory heritage places within heritage precincts, which has and will adversely affect the integrity of these places. § Infill Development Inappropriately designed new infill development § Alterations and Additions to Heritage Places Poorly designed additions and alterations to heritage places that are unrelated in terms of design, scale, form and materials. § Industrial Heritage The on-going management of complex heritage places such as industrial complexes and former purpose-built industrial complexes that are now redundant and are difficult to re-use. § Community Awareness Improving understanding and appreciation of the value of heritage places and the significance of twentieth century heritage, including significant industrial places. 21.07-3 Vision 01/02/2007 C34 A community where we value our heritage and the important role it plays in helping us to understand and interpret our past, and also enhancing our future prosperity and way of life. A municipality where all places of heritage significance (including a site, area, building, group of buildings, structure, archaeological site, tree, garden, geological formation, fossil site, habitat or other place of natural or cultural significance and its associated land) are identified, protected and conserved, and receive the highest standard of care and management in accordance with best conservation practice. 21.07-4 How the vision will be achieved 01/02/2007 C34 Objectives § To protect and conserve the heritage of Hobsons Bay. § To support the replacement of non-contributory buildings and public infrastructure with new development that responds more positively to the historic context provided by surrounding heritage places. § To ensure that new development does not distort the historic evidence provided by heritage placed by simply copying or reproducing historic styles or detailing. § To ensure that new buildings or works do not visually dominate or cause detriment to the aspects of a place’s heritage values that are situated in its locality. § To support proactive management and sustainable use of heritage places and precincts by key stakeholders. § To lead by example in the management of Council’s own heritage assets. § To promote awareness and appreciation of the importance and value of the cultural heritage of Hobsons Bay. MUNICIPAL S TRATEGIC S TATEMENT - CLAUSE 21.07 PAGE 3 OF 5 HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME Strategies § Avoid the demolition of buildings or works that contribute to the value of a heritage place and ,where that place is a precinct consisting of a number of properties, that contribution should be assessed within the immediate locality of the buildings of works. § Give preference to new infill buildings that are visually recessive ad compatible in terms of their scale, siting, design, form and materials with the historic character of the heritage place or precinct in accordance with the Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay. § Give preference to alterations or additions to existing buildings that are visually recessive and compatible in terms of their scale, siting, design, form and materials with the historic character of the heritage place or precinct in accordance with the Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006. § Promote the conservation of elements that contribute to the significance of a heritage place or precinct in accordance with the principles procedures recommended by the Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance (the Burra Charter). Comment [H2]: Italicise reference to ensure format consistency. Implementation These strategies will be implemented by: Applying the Heritage Overlay to heritage places identified by the Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006, by Heritage Victoria, or other relevant heritage studies. § Discouraging the demolition of heritage places unless it can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the responsible authority that, as appropriate: § The fabric to be removed is not significant, or § The fabric to be removed is not of primary significance and its removal will not adversely affect the significance of the place, or § It will assist in the long term conservation of the place, or § In the case of an industrial heritage place, it will facilitate the historic use of the place and will not result in the loss of fabric considered to be of primary significance. § Using the Heritage Local Policies at Clause 22.01 when considering to use or develop heritage places. § Assessing applications for infill development in accordance with the Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006. § Assessing applications for alterations and additions in accordance with the Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006. § Using the Aboriginal cultural resource map and guidelines provided by Aboriginal Affairs Victoria when considering an application to develop or rezone land. Undertaking further strategic work as follows: § Significant Tree Study MUNICIPAL S TRATEGIC S TATEMENT - CLAUSE 21.07 PAGE 4 OF 5 HOBSONS BAY PLANNING SCHEME § Aboriginal Cultural Heritage study, where this is considered appropriate, in conjunction with indigenous communities or custodians, and relevant authorities such as Aboriginal Affairs Victoria. § Cultural Landscape Study. § Port of Williamstown Heritage Study in conjunction with other relevant statutory authorities. § Post-war Heritage Study. § Conservation Management Plans or management guidelines for other Council- owned or managed heritage assets as required, including: § Historic public infrastructure and street trees § Historic sporting pavilions § Dennis Reserve, Williamstown § Review and update the Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006 as appropriate. References § Hobsons Bay Heritage Study 2006 § Guidelines for Alterations and Additions to Dwellings in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006 § Guidelines for Infill Development in Heritage Areas in Hobsons Bay 2006 § Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance (The Burra Charter) MUNICIPAL S TRATEGIC S TATEMENT - CLAUSE 21.07 PAGE 5 OF 5
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