In This Issue _July-Sept-Oct-Dec 2006_ In This Issue 50 years

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In This Issue _July-Sept-Oct-Dec 2006_ In This Issue  50 years Powered By Docstoc
					                           In This Issue (July-Sept.-Oct-Dec. 2006)

In This Issue

  *   50 years of Maithon Dam
  *   Union Power Minister's Programme
  *   Secretary (Power), GoI, visits DVC
  *   Painting Competition on Energy Conservation
  *   Trans-Tech 2006
  *   Workshop on Simulation of Power Plant
  *   SIP News
  *   Readers' Page

Shri Sushilkumar Shinde, Hon'ble Union Minister of Power commemorating the fifty years of
Maithon dam and rededicating it to the nation in presence of Shri Madhu Koda, Hon'ble Chief
Minister of Jharkhand, Shri A. K. Barman, Chairman, DVC and other dignitaries.

                                  Seasons greetings and best
                                    wishes for a happy and
                                prosperous new year to all our

Dr. Rajesh Kumar, New Financial Adviser Of DVC

Dr. Rajesh Kumar, IPS, took over as the Financial Adviser of Damodar Valley Corporation with
effect from 4 October 2006. A chartered accountant and cost accountant, Dr. Kumar has done
M. Com. (Accountancy) and Ph.D in Financial Management from the University of Rajasthan. Dr.
Kumar joined the prestigious Indian Police Service in 1990 and served in various leadership
capacities since 1993 in the police department of West Bengal. Prior to joining DVC, Dr. Kumar
was the Deputy Inspector General, Border Intelligence, West Bengal.

Smt. Sayantani Jafa, Our New Director (Development)

Smt Sayantani Jafa, IAAS (1991 Batch) has assumed charge as Director (Development) in DVC
from 20 December, 2006. A graduate from Presidency College, Kolkata and an MSc in
Development Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London, she has
previously worked in several Accountant Generals' offices and handled diverse responsibilities
including administration, management of entitlements and performance appraisals of public
works and programmes. She is also a writer on gender issues.

                                   A Letter of Appreciation

Government of India

Ministry of Power
Shram Shakti Bhavan
New Delhi - 110001
Tele. : 23710271/23711316
Fax : 23721487
E-mail :


My dear Asim,

I have received your DO letter No. CHN/PS/1/242 dated January 2, 2007, giving the highlights
of various performance parameters in respect of DVC power stations. I must congratulate you
and your entire team for the magnificent achievements, particularly in respect of power
generation of almost 49 million units on one day (26.12.2006) with an overall PLF for the
Corporation as high as 90.49%. Highest monthly PLF of 83.22% is also highly satisfying, and the
fact that Mejia TPS achieved highest ever generation and PLF of 98.34% during December,
2006, should be a matter of pride for all the officers and staff of this plant. With the hard and
dedicated work by the engineers, technicians and other officers & staff and also with the
concept of Partnership in Excellence (PIE), which we introduced about a year ago, all these
results have been possible under your leadership. I am happy to extend my heartiest
congratulations to you and your entire team on these achievements.

With best wishes,

                                                                                  Yours sincerely,
                                                                                     (R. V. Shahi)

Shri Asim K. Barman
Damodar Valley Corporation
DVC Towers, VIP Road
Kolkata – 700054

Union Power Minister Inaugurates DVC Projects

The 1000 MW Maithon Right Bank Thermal Power Project will have full support and co-
operation from the centre for its successful completion. This was announced on 27 September
at Maithon by Shri Sushilkumar Shinde, Hon'ble Union Minister for power during the ground
breaking ceremony of this project under implementation by the Maithon Power Ltd. (MPL), a
joint venture company of Tata Power Ltd. and DVC. Shri Madhu Koda, Hon'ble Chief Minister of
Jharkhand, Shri Subodh Kant Sahay, Hon'ble Union Minister of State for Food Processing
Industries, Shri Subhas Naskar, Hon'ble Minister for Irrigation & Waterways of West Bengal, Shri
C.S. Dubey, Hon'ble Member of Parliament from Dhanbad, Shri A. K. Barman, Chairman, DVC,
Shri S. Biswas Secretary, DVC and other dignitaries were present during the ceremony.

Before the ground breaking ceremony of the power plant of MPL, Hon'ble Union Minister for
Power commemorated the fifty years of Maithon Dam and rededicated the dam to the nation.
He also paid tribute to the Shahid Pillar on the dam, unveiled a marble plaque near dam gate
number one and offered flowers to the portrait of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at the 'Nehru Dais'
from where Pandit Nehru dedicated the Maithon Dam to the nation on 27 September, 1957.

Prior to this, Shri Shinde formally launched the Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana
(RGGVY) in the State of Jharkhand at Ranchi and laid the foundation stone for a 10 storied
zonal office of DVC. The office will be located at Kishoreganj overlooking the majestic 'Bada
Talao'. Speaking on the occasion in presence of the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Hon'ble
Union Minister of State for Food Processing Industries, Chairman and Secretary of DVC and
other dignitaries, Shri Shinde said that the RGGVY scheme is targetting electrification of more
than one lakh villages by 2009 in our country.

Shri R. V. Shahi Visits MTPS And CTPS

Union Secretary of Power, Shri R. V. Shahi paid visits to our Mejia Thermal Power Station on 14
October and Chandrapura Thermal Power Station on 8 November. On both the visits he was
accompanied by our Chairman, Shri A. K. Barman.

During the visit at MTPS, Shri Shahi inspected project sites of unit nos. 5 and 6 and had a
review meeting with our Director (Technical), Director (Operation), Chief Engineer & Project
Head of MTPS, senior officials of DVC, officials of BHEL working at the project site and other
executing agencies.

In his address, Secretary (Power) expressed his satisfaction and complemented officials and
staff of MTPS for sustained operational performance and urged for further improvement. He
then advised all concerned to contribute their wholehearted efforts to achieve the
commissioning of unit nos. 5 and 6 within the current financial year.

In CTPS, Shri Shahi inspected construction site of extension units 7 and 8. After the site visit, a
review meeting was taken by him which was attended by senior officials of DVC, BHEL,
NTPC(CW) and NBCC. Prior to this, Secretary (Power) had a video conference with Shri R. K.
Sen, Director (Technical), then camped at MTPS, regarding the latest progress in construction
work in unit nos. 5 and 6 of MTPS. During the meeting, Shri Shahi emphasized that all out
efforts be made by all construction agencies to achieve the commissioning target of the two
new extension units of CTPS.

State Level Painting Competition On Energy Conservation

Like last year, this year also DVC has been entrusted with the responsibility by the Ministry of
Power to organize the state level painting competition on energy conservation in Jharkhand
and West Bengal. Prior to this, DVC also took initiatives in organizing the school level painting
competition on energy conservation in schools, co-ordinating with the Education and HRD
Departments of the Government of West Bengal and Jharkhand respectively and state
electricity boards of both the states. Under the state level painting competition, fifty selected
school children of standard-IV and V participated in each of the states.

The painting competition and the prize distribution ceremony of Jharkhand was organized at
Vichar Manch auditorium, Ranchi in which Hon'ble Chief Minister of Jharkhand, Shri Madhu Koda
was the chief guest. Besides school children and their parents, Chairman, DVC, Secretary
(Energy), Government of Jharkhand alongwith senior officials of Jharkhand government and
DVC were present on the occasion. Hon'ble Chief Minister, Jharkhand gave away the prizes to
all the winning students. A cultural programme matching with the children's day was also
organized by the students on this occasion. In the beginning of the ceremony, Shri A. K.
Barman, Chairman, DVC received the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Jharkhand. Shri K. K. Singh,
Resident Manager, DVC, Ranchi was the Nodal Officer in-charge of Jharkhand State and was the
key person behind organizing this painting competition in Jharkhand.

Similar competition and prize distribution ceremony of West Bengal were organized at DVC
Towers auditorium, Kolkata in which Shri Mrinal Banerjee, Hon'ble Minister, Power & NES and
Labour, Government of West Bengal was the Chief Guest. Shri R. K. Sen, Director (Technical)
welcomed the Hon'ble Minister, participating students and their guardians and jury members in
the prize distribution ceremony. In his address, the Hon'ble Minister highlighted the importance
of energy conservation and specifically mentioned about the importance of energy conservation
to prevent atmospheric pollution. He requested everybody present in the function to spread
the message of energy conservation to others for their benefit and the benefit of the country
as a whole. Later on, the Hon'ble Minister distributed prizes to the winning students.

Young Achievers Paramita's Success

Paramita, D/o Shri T. K. Mitra, Jr. Draftsman (PG), Design Division, Maithon and a class-IV
student of Maithon Kendriya Vidyalaya has own the third prize in the state level painting
competition on energy conservation held at Ranchi on 14 November.

Success Of West Bengal Students In National Painting Competition

Shri Gourav Ghosh and Shri Subhankar Chakraborty who won first and second prizes in the state
level painting competition, became the consolation and third prize winners respectively in the
national level painting competition on energy conservation held on 12 December at New Delhi.
Both the winners received their prizes from Shri Sushilkumar Shinde, Hon'ble Union Minister of

Trans-Tech 2006

A workshop on transmission and distribution practices "TRANS-TECH 2006" was organized by
DVC on 12 August at DVC Towers, Kolkata. Shri Sunil Mitra, Principal Secretary, Department of
Power and Non-conventional Energy Sources, Government of West Bengal inaugurated the
workshop. Shri M. K. Dey, Chairman, West Bengal State Electricity Board, Shri V. Ramkrishna,
Member (PS), CEA, Shri S. K. Banerjee, General Manager, ERLDC, Shri Birenjit Paul, Chairman,
Project Advisory Committee and Directors and Senior Officials of DVC were present in the
inaugural and technical session of the workshop. After the inauguration of the workshop, Shri
V. Ramkrishna, Member (PS), CEA delivered lecture on 'Challenges in the Planning of Indian
Power System'. During the technical session, eminent speakers made technical presentations on
O&M practice, protection system, time synchronization and networking, open access
transmission charge sharing, health monitoring of sub-station equipment, condition monitoring
of equipment, testing facilities, management of power loss and on communication system
integration. Shri A. K. Barman, Chairman, DVC chaired the interactive and concluding sessions.

Workshop On Sustainable Energy And Environment

DVC in association with The Energy Resources Institute (TERI) of New Delhi organized a
workshop on 'Sustainable Energy and Environment in Eastern India : Key Issues and Challenges'
on 4 December at DVC Towers, Kolkata. In the inaugural session of the workshop our Chairman,
Shri A. K. Barman delivered the welcome address. After this, the formal inauguration of the
workshop took place by lighting of lamp. Dr. R. K. Pachauri, Director General (TERI) and Dr. P.
M. Abraham, Chairman, Expert committee (Thermal), Ministry of Environment and Forest then
delivered their speeches. After this, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between DVC
and TERI. In the technical session, besides presentation by Dr. S. K. Sarkar, Director, TERI,
there were discussions by the panelists and interaction of the panelists with the participants.

Workshop On Simulation Of Power Plant

Bureau of Energy Efficiency in association with the Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)-
GTZ, Germany organized the third one day workshop on simulation of power plant with
software and other related topics at DVC Towers on 10 November.

The objective of this workshop was to train energy professionals in promoting efficient use of
energy and its conservation. Demonstration of the state-of-the-art EBSILON software was also
given in this workshop for using this software by the delegates in collection and analysis of
power plants performance data through mapping of power plants.

SBI Caps Raises Fund for DVC
SBI Capital Markets Ltd. will syndicate funds for DVC to set up power stations with a capacity of
3500 MW. Setting up of new power plants will require an investment of Rs. 20,000 crore of
which Rs. 6000 crore would be through internal accruals and Rs. 14000 crore will be raised
from outside. An agreement was signed between DVC and SBI Caps for raising fund on 1
November at Mumbai in which our Chairman Shri A. K. Barman Director (Accounts) Shri T K
Gupta and MD & CEO of SBI Caps Shri R. Sridharan were present.

IDBI has also entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with DVC for part financing our
upcoming power generation and transmission projects.


DVC has signed an agreement with BSNL on 1 September to launch DVC NET. Under this
project, our four power stations - BTPS, CTPS, MTPS and DTPS will be connected with
Headquarters at Kolkata through the NET directly. Shri Shakeel Ahmed, Union Minister of State
for Communication and IT, Shri A. K. Barman, Chairman, and Shri Subrata Biswas, Secretary of
DVC and Shri S. K. Chakraborty, Chief General Manager, Kolkata Telephones were present in
the signing ceremony.

Record Generation In DVC

Highest daily gross energy generation of 48.995 million units by DVC Generating Units achieved
on 26.12.2006. Previous high was 47.282 million units achieved on 30.11.2006.

Highest daily energy generation of 47.995 MU by DVC Thermal Units at 90.49 per cent overall
PLF, achieved on 26.12.2006. Earlier record was 47.028 million units at 88.66 per cent,
achieved on 30.11.2006.

Highest monthly gross energy generation of 1377.961 million units by DVC Generating Units.
Previous high was 1242.614 million units, achieved in November, 2006.

Highest monthly energy generation of 1368.320 MU by DVC Thermal Units at a PLF of 83.22 per
cent. Previous high was 1232.568 million units at 77.46 per cent PLF, achieved in November,

Mejia TPS (4 x 210 MW) achieved highest ever monthly PLF of 98.34 per cent.

Chandrapura TPS with 3 units, each of 130 MW capacity and of 1960s’ vintage (under PIE
programme) achieved highest ever overall daily PLF of 90.17 per cent on 31.12.2006.

PIE Stations of DVC viz. BTPS, CTPS & DTPS recorded highest combined monthly PLF of 74 per
cent against 71 per cent achieved in November, 2006.

Workshop On Water Preservation

The Bokaro unit of World Wide Fund for Nature in association with DVC Training Institute at
CTPS organised a workshop exclusively for housewives on 23 August at the training institute
hall. Shrimati Radha Banerjee, wife of Shri M. Banerjee, Chief Engineer (O&M), CTPS
inaugurated the programme by lighting the lamp in which 115 housewives participated.

Free Coaching Centre

As advised by our Chairman, for better education of DVC employees’ children, a free coaching
centre has been established recently at Maithon with 40 students from four schools of Maithon
Workshop By NTPC

A workshop on ‘Breakdown Analysis and Remedies’ by NTPC under customer relationship
management programme was held at Maithon Project on 18 July.

Partnership In Excellence

Shri A. K. Barman, Chairman, DVC inaugurated the 'Operation Services Monitoring Group' office
at DVC Towers on 4 September under the programme 'Partnership In Excellence with NTPC'.

Success In Repair Work

Our engineers and technicians under the leadership of Shri G. Ansari, EE (M), Maithon has
successfully repaired the butterfly main inlet valve of the hydel unit no. 1 of Tilaiya hydel
power station which could not be done by the contractor, to whom the work was assigned

Environment Week

The environment awareness week was observed in CTPS through tree plantation. On 2 August
Shri S. K. Sadhu, Dy. Chief Engineer (O) and other senior officials planted trees at kendriya
vidyalaya ground. The members of the nature club of kendriya vidyalaya also planted trees in
the same ground during the week.


Forest Department of MTPS has observed ‘Banmahatsav’ (forest week) during 14-20 July at
MTPS. Saplings were planted in and around MTPS colony and DAV School ground.

                                      Miscellaneous News

Blood Donation And Felicitation

DVC Shramik Union organized a blood donation camp alongwith felicitation of talented students
at DVC Towers. Shri Anadi Sahu, Labour Minister (State) of West Bengal was the chief guest of
the function.
Shri S. N. Chowdhuri, Ex. Additional Secretary and Dr. U. N. Kar, Ex. Director (HS) were present
during the function. Considerable number of employees of DVC donated their blood for the
great cause of social service and to help the ailing patients.

Dance Recital

On the auspicious occasion of the beginning of the golden jubilee celebration of Maithon Dam,
a dance recital by Smt Shweta Misra, well known kathak dancer from Lucknow, was organized
at the station club auditorium at Maithon on 27 September. Shri Harish Chandra, Joint
Secretary (Thermal), Ministry of Power, Government of India in presence of Shri S. B.
Srivastava, Director (Operation), DVC inaugurated the programme.

Pensioners’ Meet

DVC Pensioners’ Forum, Kolkata Unit organized its eleventh annual general meeting at DVC
Towers auditorium on 5 September in which around 200 enthusiastic pensioners participated
defying their age and fragile health. In the meeting, besides submission of the Secretary's
report and audited accounts, discussions were made on various benefits required by
pensioners. On this occasion, felicitations were accorded to six octogenerian members of the
forum. Shri T. K. Gupta, Director (Accounts), graced the occasion and handed over the citation
and mementos.

Ambedkar Remembered

EDCL, MTPS branch celebrated the 115th birth anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar with due
emphasis. On this occasion, Shri Harish Chandra, Joint Secretary (Thermal), Ministry of Power,
Government of India was present at MTPS. In his address, Shri Chandra advised everybody to
follow the paths shown by Dr. Ambedkar for development of our country.

DVC Foundation Day

‘Nanarang', an organization of DVC employees at DVC Headquarters, Kolkata organized the 59th
birth day of DVC on 7 July. Eminent poet Shri Joy Goswami was the Chief Guest. Our Secretary
Shri Subrata Biswas graced the occasion by his presence.

Health Programme By MBDA

Maithon Blood Donors Association (MBDA) organized a special drive on 21 November and 3
December to prevent dengue, the killer disease in Maithon and its neighbouring areas. Shri S.
N. Chowdhuri, Senior Chief Engineer (System) & Head of Project, Maithon inaugurated this
special drive in which anti-dengue homoeopathy medicine was distributed.

                                      SIP & Sports News

MASS Observed Annual Day

Maithon Adarsha Seva Samity (MASS), a voluntary organization dedicated to the service of the
community, organized its sixth annual programme at DVC Welfare Centre on 2-3 November.
Shri Prabhat Kiran, Chief Co-ordinator (SIP), DVC, graced the occasion as chief guest and
distributed blankets to the persons below poverty line and prizes to the students who achieved
commendable success in different board examinations recently.

All Valley Bridge Tournament

Maithon Project has won the championship trophy of 19th All Valley Bridge Tournament held at
DVC Welfare Centre, Maithon from 5 to 7 December, 2006. The team from DVC Headquarters,
Kolkata has received the runners up trophy and the team of CTPS got the third place. The
tournament was inaugurated by Shri C. M. P. Sinha, Chief Engineer (Generation), Maithon on 5
December and Shri S. N. Choudhuri, Sr. Chief Engineer (System) and Head of Project, Maithon
distributed the prizes.

Bridge Tournament

Maithon Club organized a two day Nilratan Dey Memorial Bridge Tournament during 12-13
August in which about 40 teams and 200 players from different places of Jharkhand and West
Bengal participated. The team from Burnpur won the championship trophy and runners up
Trophy was bagged by the team from Kolkata.

Outreach Vaccination

SIP outreach vaccination for remote villages around our Maithon Project was organized during
16-20 October in which 196 children were vaccinated in three camps. Nearly 20 villages around
the camps enjoyed the benefit of this programme.
Blood Donation Camp

A blood donation camp was organized at the Maithon Station Club on 3 September on the
occasion of Maithon Blood Donors’ Association’s Annual Programme, 2006. Dr. B. Singh,
Superintendent of Police, Dhanbad inaugurated the camp and Shri S. B. Srivastava, Director
(Operation), DVC graced the occasion as guest of honour. A sit and draw competition was also
organized under this programme in which more than 100 children participated.

Eye Camp

DVC’s B. P. N. Hospital and SIP, Maithon, in association with the Maithon Blood Donor’s
Association, organized a free eye cataract and IOL operation camp at Maithon hospital on 5
September. The camp was inaugurated by Shri S. B. Srivastava, Director (Operation), DVC in
which 40 local villagers under SIP programme enrolled for operation.

Programme on AIDS

SIP, CTPS organized a two day's peer educator training programme on AIDS. The first day’s
programme on 30 August was held at Paplo village club and programme on the next day was at
Kanya Vidyalay, Kenduadih, Telo. In this programme, 50 peer educators received training from
the doctors of CTPS hospital.

Awareness Campaign

SIP, Maithon in association with the B.P.N. Hospital, Maithon and Nirsha Anchal Gramin Bikash
Sanstha recently organized an awareness campaign in the SIP villages around Maithon and
Panchet to inform villagers about the ways to fight against the water born diseases. Bleaching
powder and ORS packets have been distributed free of cost as a part of this campaign.

Sadbhawana Diwas

Sadbhawana Diwas was observed in all the units and offices of DVC on 20 November through
pledge taking ceremony. In Maithon, Shri S. N. Choudhuri, Sr. Chief Engineer (System) and
Head of Project conducted the pledge taking in generation headquarters and Shri G. Ganguly,
Chief Engineer (C) read out the pledge in administrative building.

                                         Power News

Generation Capacity Enhanced

The generation capacity of power in our country has increased from 1712 MW in 1950 to 146386
MW as on April 3, 2006, comprising 124287 MW in the utilities segment and 22099 MW in the
captive segment.
(Source : FICCI Business Digest).

Ultra Mega Opportunities

Ministry of Power recently launched an unique initiative to facilitate the development of Ultra
Mega Power Projects of 4000 MW each at coal pit heads and coastal locations. This initiative
under a public-private partnership configurations aims at redefining the role of private sector
participation in the generation segment. These projects are aimed at delivering cheap power
to the consumers.
(Source : FICCI Business Digest).
Hydro Power Initiatives

The present hydro power installed capacity in our country being only at 22 percent of the
potential, a 50,000 MW hydro power initiative has been launched in May, 2003. This initiative
includes 162 hydro electric projects with an aggregate capacity of over 48,000 MW. The work
related to pre-feasibility report's of all 162 projects have been completed and as a result of
this exercise, 77 schemes totalling over 33,000 MW with good tariff have been identified for
preparation of detailed project reports.
(Source : FICCI Business Digest).

Captive Power

Captive power generation capacity in the country has increased from 11,161 MW in 1994-95 to
22,099 MW in 2005-06. Captive power plants have emerged as a viable alternative and an
attractive proposition for the private sector. Under the Group Captive concept, larger units can
be set up with facility of wheeling power accross to a set of industrial consumers.
(Source : FICCI Business Digest).

Nuclear Power

India has a reserve of 70,000 tonnes of natural uranium that can be directly used in nuclear
reactors to produce energy through new clean fission which will help to generate an estimated
4,20,000 MW nuclear power. The Department of Atomic Energy has set an ambitious target of
20,000 MW of nuclear power generation by 2020. Recently, President of India has said that
there is a need to plan now to increase the nuclear power capacity to 50,000 MW by 2030.
(Source : FICCI Business Digest).

Best Power Performance

Andhra Pradesh has been rated as the best performing state in the power sector in 2005-06,
followed by Gujarat and Delhi according to a report prepared by credit rating agencies ICRA
and CRISIL. The report has taken into account progress in reforms, free power and subsidy,
establishment of regulatory commission, reduction in T&D losses and revenue collections. The
states that have improved their ranking compared to last year’s report are Maharashtra and
West Bengal.
(Source : Power Line).

NPCIL Is Diversifying

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) is diversifying into thermal and wind power. It
has planned to instal a thermal power plant with a capacity of 100 MW at the heavy water
plant in Andhra Pradesh, using the surplus steam generated there. NPCIL is entering into wind
energy generation. Eight wind turbines which will together generate 10 MW, will be erected on
the premises of the Koodamkulam nuclear power project in Tamil Nadu.
(Source : Power Line)

                                        Health & Safety

Aqua Aerobics

We do not always need to sweat it out on the floor of the gym or walk in the morning briskly.
The latest fitness fad ‘Aqua Aerobics’ is here. Now we can do the same exercise in water
instead in our house or in a gymnasium. It has already been proved that water as a medium for
exercise offers several advantages. While exercising owing to resistance of water, muscles work
harder. Joints become more stable. Those suffering from obesity will achieve more benefit
from ‘Aqua Aerobics’ since it enables to jog, cycle and run with minimum pressure in the
water. Aqua Aerobics is not swimming. It is a state of exercise conducted at different water
levels and the body weight varies accordingly. Aqua Aerobics is refreshing since water calms
and relaxes. As a low impact exercise anyone can do Aqua Aerobics with proper training and
adopting necessary guidelines from Aqua Aerobics trainer. Aqua Aerobics lowers the heart rate
resulting in less stress.

The gains from Aqua Aerobics :
* Reduces chances of injury
* Improves muscle tone and personality
* Helps develop a sense of body alignment
* Provides flexibility
* Provides balance training
* Helps burn fat
* Provides a natural resistance for muscle exercise
* Provides a cushion for preventing body pounding
* Speeds up recovery after accidents

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