Civil Society - PowerPoint

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					Civil Society
      space to act and way of contact
Modern complexity:
happiness is dangerous
Living in the modern civil society means
 Globalisation & individualisation
But also
 Coping with risks
 Moving through networks
 Learning to change and changing to learn
Modern society is a risk society
 “Risk may be defined as a systematic way of
  dealing with hazards and insecurities induced
  and introduced by modernization itself” (Beck)
 "In contrast to all earlier epochs (including
  industrial society), the risk society is
  characterized essentially by a lack: the
  impossibility of an external attribution of
  hazards. In other words, risks depend on
  decisions, they are industrially produced and
  in this sense politically reflexive‘(Beck)
 “Understanding and dealing with risk is
  essential to a dynamic economy and an
  innovative society" (Giddens)
Modern society is a network society
 National, regional and local economies depend
  ultimately on the dynamics of the global economy to
  which they are connected through networks and
  markets (Castels)
 The network enterprise: a new form of organisation
  characteristic of economic activity, but gradually
  extending its logic to other domains and organisations
 Pattern of networking, flexibility and ephemeral
  symbolic communication in a culture organised around
  the electronic media (Castels)
 Virtual reality: timeless time and space of the flows
Civil society
 Society of citizens
 Citizenship
 Rights and duties
The complexity of citizenship
 Citizenship as status:
     the legal contract between State and individual, incl.
 Citizenship as social role:
      The sense of belonging and inclusiveness, focus on
STATE                                         Tne small
    National Governement                      concept of
                                              civil society
        Local authorities

             Political parties
                            CIVIL              Large enterprises
                            SOCIETY                                         MARKET
                                   Social partners
               Social movements
                                                      Local business life
                        Social life, clubs,
                        Informal networks for care,
COMMUNITY               neighbourhood and work
    Friends and
The wide concept of civil society

Community                  Market
Between tradition and modernity
Traditional civil society   Modern civil society
 Public space where         Silent duty and even
  citizens outside their      social pressure
  private life                to agree on
  take care for               social norms and
  community matters           values and
                              to establish
                              free associations
                              to influence reality
Corner stones of civil society
Citizens:                       Society:
 Freedom                        Acceptance
 Voluntas (free will)           Commitment
 Voluntairy work life
                                 Integration

            State: regulation to self regulation
             Protection
             Participation
             Empowerment
Self identity – who do I am
 Binding: social organisations like political parties,
  social movements or churches making you a
  socialist, an intellectual, a catholic, etc.
 Bonding: self initiatives, peer groups
              Being or feeling recognised and accepted
 Bridging: networking based on personal choices
               Self esteem and self confidence
               Fleeting, temporary and flexible
Trends in modern civil society
 No state control and protection, but self direction
 Financial withdrawal of the state
 Local authorities as director and as facilitator
 NGO’s as social entrepreneurs
 Enterprises focus on corporate social
  Interactive policy making –
                      ranking participation

High                        5. Take part in deciding
                       4. Co-production
Citizens           3. Advising
Influence      2. Consultating
             1. Informing

            High   Authority influence     Low
Output of civil society
 Public opinion building in society
 Generation of social capital
  (competence to collaborate)
Role of the social sector:
iungtare, iuncto, iunctus
 The social sector    is adjuncting something to the
  well being of target groups through conjuncting
  them and injuncting them in society (for
  participation and integration) – but it injunct also
  itself in a range of result oriented organisations
  focused on providing social life arrangements
Adult education in the civil society
 Support of interactive policy making
 Support of processes of new strategic alliances
 Lifelong learning – managing changes
 Competence development and training
Citizenship learning
 Social learning (in, about and for society)
 Based on experience and practice
 Democratisation of learning, focus on the learner
 Multipe, interconnnected, transversal learning
Active citizenship
 Active citizenship   is no static attitude or
 The meaning of active citizenship changes in
  relation to lifecourse development: it is always
  embedded in different socio-cultural contexts
  and in specific individual biographies.
 Chances for real participation as

                 DESIRE            CONTEXT

Citizenship education
   Citizenship education is a method of social inclusion, in
    the course of which people together create the
    experience of becoming the architects and actors of
    their own lives. Opportunities to learn and practise
    autonomy, responsibility, co-operation and creativity
    enable the development of a sense personal worth and
    of expertise in confronting and tolerating ambiguities
    and oppositions
                 DGXXII Education and active citizenship in the European Union,
Open model of guidance
 Inclusiveness, open to all people of all ages and
  reaching out especially to vulnerable and marginalized
 Intergenerational approach, incuding the family context
  and childcare provision
 Easily accesible phone-in services
 Free internet infomation and advice
 Accessibility at the workplace
 Multidisciplnary partnerships
Quality assurance
 Porfessional training and certification of
  guidance practitioners
 Employment of stafff with amulti-cultural
 On-going training for all staff
 Provision of unbiased infromation on education,
  training and work opportunities
Civil Society
      space to act and way of contact