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					                                                                      Module: Food and Nutrition
                                                                      Lesson: Power Up the Day

Date:                                Time:                        Place:

Meeting Overview
                                      Activity                                  Time
Introduction:                         Name Tags, “I Did It” question            10 minutes

Program/Education:                    Fast Breaks for B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.        20 minutes
                                      Breakfast Bloopers                        10 minutes
Snack/Craft/Service:                  Paper plate meals                         15-20 minutes
Recreation:                           Fitness Speedway                          15-20 minutes
Extra Activities:                     Stand Up for Breakfast                    5 minutes
                                      Walk Outside                              5 minutes

Objectives for this Meeting
    1. The children will learn that they can eat any nutritious food for breakfast.
    2. The children will learn that eating breakfast and beginning their day with physical activity
       will provide them with energy for the day.
    3. The children will identify some of the benefits of eating breakfast.

Lesson Background
All children need to get moving and increase their blood flow in the morning. Moving helps the
body power up for the day by getting oxygen to the muscles and cells of the body and revving up
the metabolism.

Encourage children to warm up or awaken their muscles in the morning by doing arm circles,
marching around their rooms, dancing to music on the radio or performing other mild activities for
a few minutes every day after they get up. Sit-ups and push-ups will help them “power up” too.

In addition, teach them to drink a big glass of water in the morning after doing physical activities
and drink several glasses of water throughout the day. Water helps the cells and muscles of the
body perform at their best.

Breakfast is an important meal. It serves to “break the fast” from the last evening meal. Eating
breakfast gives your mind and body a jump start of energy to begin the day. Studies show that
children who don’t eat breakfast tend to have less energy in the morning, are more distracted and
may have difficulty paying attention in school. Breakfast also helps children meet their daily
nutrition needs, so when they skip breakfast, it may be difficult for them to meet all of their energy
and nutritional needs for the day. Conversely, children who begin the day with breakfast have
energy to play and learn and generally perform better in school than kids who don’t eat breakfast.

Power Up the Day                                                                                   1 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003
Reinforce with the children the importance of eating a nutritious breakfast. Remind them that
eating a morning meal helps them feel great, gives them energy to begin the day and helps them
be ready to learn.

We can eat any nutritious food for breakfast. Breakfast doesn’t have to include only food such as
eggs, toast and cereal that often are considered traditional morning foods. In other cultures,
breakfast foods may include rice, tortillas, burritos and cabbage salad with cold friend egg on top.
Less conventional foods such as soups, sandwiches, leftovers and even pizza can be eaten for

Often, children skip breakfast because they are not hungry in the morning or they are very busy
rushing to get to school. Encourage these children to take along some food items they can eat
later when they get hungry. Ideal “grab and go foods” include fruit, crackers, bread sticks, dry
cereal or trail mix, string cheese, and 100-percent juice boxes.

Today, more and more schools are offering students a nutritious breakfast. Both school
breakfasts and lunches contribute significantly to the overall nutrient and energy needs of growing
children and present a great value to working parents. With the help of the USDA Team Nutrition
program, many schools are now working to improve the nutritional content of their breakfasts and
lunches. The goal is to offer students a more varied diet that is lower in fat and includes more
servings of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods.

Materials Needed
Name Tags:
 Name tags and holders
 Extras
 Markers for cicling date

“I Did It”:
 Kangaroo poster
 “I Did It” leaves

Fast Breaks to B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.:
 Copies of the “Fast Breaks to B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.” handouts (one per child)
 Pencils or pens
 MyPyramid poster handouts
 Masking tape

Breakfast Bloopers:
 “Breakfast bloopers: Case Studies”
 “Breakfast Bloopers: Explanation Sheet”

Paper Plate Meals:
 Paper plates (one per child)
 Breakfast/lunch/supper slips of paper in brown bag
 Store ads
 Scissors (one per child)
 Glue (one for every 2 children or so)

Power Up the Day                                                                              2 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003
Fitness Speedway:
 4 cones or empty milk jugs as boundary markers
 Poster board
 Markers
 Masking Tape
 Drinking water (make available to children as needed)
 Music player and music (optional)

Stand Up for Breakfast:
 None

Walk Outside:
 Drinking water (make available to children as needed)

 Hand out name tags and circle date of event
 Fill out name tags for new children

 Fill out “I Did It” form and put it in the Kangaroo’s pouch
            o “Since the last time we met, I have eaten more fruits or vegetables than I
                 normally do.” Yes/No


Fast Breaks for B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.:
Before the meeting:
Gather supplies and make any photocopies you will need.

Display the MyPyramid poster or graphic in your meeting space where the children can easily see

During the meeting:
1. Review the importance and the benefits of eating breakfast with the group. Ask the group
   what they usually eat for breakfast. (This may have already been done during roll call for the
   business meeting, and you may want to just recap the popular items mentioned).

2. Talk with the group about how they can eat any nutritious food for breakfast. Breakfast
   doesn’t have to include traditional breakfast foods such as toast with jelly or cereal with milk.
   Explain that in different countries and cultures, breakfast may include foods many families
   haven’t considered eating for breakfast, such as tortillas and refried beans or scrambled eggs
   with rice.

3. Explain that just as there are many choices of foods they can eat for breakfast, there are
   many choices of activities they can do for exercise and to be active. Ask the group what
   physical activities and exercises they participate in. Highlight the variety of responses, if
   appropriate. Explain that eating breakfast every day and being active every day are important
   choices we make to help keep us healthy and strong and perform our best.

Power Up the Day                                                                              3 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003
4. Distribute copies of the “Fast Breaks to B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.” handout and pencils or pens.

5. Have the group work together to brainstorm the names of at least two foods they can eat for
   breakfast that begin with each of the letters in the word “breakfast.” (For example, B=bagels,
   bananas, bread sticks; R=raisins, rice cakes, rolls; E=egg, enchilada; A=apple, American
   cheese; K=kidney beans, kiwi fruit; F= feta cheese, farina, fried rice; A= apricots, almonds;
   S=syrup, spaghetti; T=toast, tomato, taco, tuna sandwich.) Have them write the foods next to
   the letter they begin with on the handout. Remind them that they can eat any nutritious food
   for breakfast. Before they begin, go over the rules for brainstorming wit the group.

Leader Note:
Have your children follow these rules as they do their brainstorming:
 Rule 1: Don’t judge ideas!
 Rule 2: It’s okay to be far-out!
 Rule 3: Think of as many ideas as you can.
 Rule 4: Piggyback on someone else’s ideas.
You may want to write these rules on a sheet of newsprint and display it where all the kids can
see it.

6. Next, have the group work together to brainstorm the names of at least two physical activities
   they can do that begin with each of the letters in “breakfast.” (For example B=basketball,
   break dancing; R=running, rappelling (cliff or mountain climbing), racquetball; E=exercise,
   elephant walk; A=arm stretches, archery; K=kick, karate; S=skip, skating; T=tennis, tap
   dancing.) Have them write the activities in the physical activity column next to the appropriate
   breakfast foods they listed.

7. If you have enough time, have the children stand up and pretend to do some of the physical
   activities they identified on their handouts.

8. End the activity by reminding the group about the importance of eating breakfast and being
   active everyday. Encourage the kids to post their “Fast Breaks to B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.”
   handouts on their refrigerators to help remind them of foods they can eat for breakfast and
   activities they can do, too.

Try This, Too!
 Have the children do this activity individually or in small groups. To add excitement, award
    points to those whose breakfast food lists includes food from all five food groups.
 Divide the group into five teams. Assign each team a food group from MyPyramid and have
    them work together to list a variety of foods they can eat for breakfast from their assigned
    food group.

Talking It Over:
Ask the group the following questions:
Share It:
         What helped your group come up with new ideas for breakfast foods?
         What different breakfast foods would you like to try?
Process It:
         Why is it a good idea to start the day eating breakfast?
         How does eating breakfast help you start your day off right?
Generalize It:
         What makes breakfast hard to eat for you? How can you and your family change

Power Up the Day                                                                             4 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003
Apply It:
             What new foods might you try to eat for breakfast?
             What are you going to do to make sure you have time to eat breakfast?

See additional hand out

1. Have each child choose “Breakfast,” “Lunch,” or “Supper” from the brown paper bag
2. Children cut out foods from the store ads and glue them on their paper plate to make healthy
       meals including all the food groups.

Before the meeting:
1. Write “Fitness Speedway” at top of the poster board, and then write five or more exercises
   below it. Display the poster board in the movement area where everyone can see it easily.
   Exercises might include:
         Push-ups
         Crunches
         Jumping rope
         Dancing
         Different balances (such as standing on one foot and balancing like a stork,
           balancing on three body parts, balancing on four body parts) that are held for at least
           five seconds each.
2. Set up cones on the corners of a basketball court or other playing area.

During the meeting:
1. Divide the group into two-person teams. This can be done by having the children hold up a
   number 1-10 with their fingers, if they are holding up an odd number their partner should
   have an even number, if they are holding an even number their partner should be holding up
   an odd number. Have the teams “rev up their motors” by pretending to drive cars while
   marching in place for about one minute.

2. Tell them they’ll be working with their partners to perform the exercises listed on the “fitness
   speedway.” Explain that as one partner performs the first activity on the fitness speedway,
   the other partner will run a lap around the cones.

3. Have one partner start inside of the cones and do as many push-ups as possible while the
   other partner runs one lap around the cones. (Note: Push ups are the first exercise listed on
   the poster board.) After the runner has completed a lap, the teammates will give each other a
   high five and switch roles.

4. After both partners have performed the first exercise on the fitness speedway and have
   completed one lap each, they will move on to the next exercise and repeat the process (in
   this case, with one partner doing crunches while the other runs). Have the children perform
   on the fitness speedway for three to five minutes. If a team finishes all five exercises on the
   list within the time limit, have them start over and let them choose an activity.

Try This, Too:

Power Up the Day                                                                             5 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003
   Use different exercises or movements in the activity. For example, you could have the
    children balance on one body part, do jumping jacks, toss and catch bean bags, or dribble
   After the activity, have all the teams walk a lap or two to cool down slightly.
   Instead of having the children run laps you could have them walk, skip or gallop laps.

Talking It Over:
Ask the group the following questions:
Share It:
         What did you enjoy about the “Fitness Speedway” activity?
Process It:
         How did participating in this activity help your body?
         How did you use cooperation during the physical activities?
Generalize It:
         How or when could you add a short walk in you day?
Apply It:
         What physical activity or activities might you do to power up the day?

Extra Activities
   Explain to the group that today they will be learning about how eating breakfast helps them
   start their day off right. Read the following statements aloud to the children. Instruct them to
   stand if they believe the statement is true or sit down if they believe the statement is false.
       Eating breakfast will help me…
                 Have energy to start the day (True)
                 Be sleepy and tired (False)
                 Be alert and ready to learn (True)
                 Make my hair turn green (False)
                 Not feel hungry and achy in the morning (True)
                 Get a bad grade on my test (False)
                 Get some of the foods my body needs to grow (True)
                     (Leader Note: If time allows, add additional statements that will highlight
                     other benefits of eating breakfast.)

    Emphasize to the children the benefits of eating breakfasts every morning.

Talking It Over:
    Ask the group the following questions:
Share It:
         Why don’t some kids and adults eat breakfast? (Not hungry in the morning, in a rush
            to get to school or work, takes too long to make breakfast.) Be ready with
            suggestions for addressing the barriers kids bring up.

Process It:
        Which statements did you agree with (think were true) and why?
        How does eating breakfast help you?

See additional sheets

Take Home
             “Fast Breaks to B.R.E.A.K.F.A.S.T.” handout
             Family Newsletter

Power Up the Day                                                                             6 of 6
Source: Jump Into Foods and Fitness, Michigan State University Extension 2003

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