INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME ON THE
ELIMINATION OF CHILD LABOUR
Labour inspection policies and practice in relation to child labour
Code: Duration: Dates:
A901202 1 week 8-12 December 2008
Venue: Course language:
Turin, ITALY English
The International Labour Organization’s (ILO) goal on child labour is its progressive elimination worldwide.
The "worst forms of child labour" (WFCL), which include hazardous child labour (largest category WFCL),
trafficking and migration (both internal and cross border), bonded and forced labour, commercial sexual
exploitation, and children in illicit activities, should be abolished as a priority.
The ILO defines child labour through two conventions, the ILO Minimum Age Convention, 1973 (No.
138), and the ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182), and combats it through
the action of the International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), through putting in
place and coordinating technical cooperation projects in the field. The ILO Convention on Labour
Inspection No. 81 (1947) sets out the international standards which are supplemented by the ILO
Convention on Labour Inspection in Agriculture, No. 129 (1969) focusing on the special characteristics
of the agricultural sector.
In order to eliminate child labour worldwide, the importance of developing effectively functioning labour
inspectorates cannot be overemphasized; especially recognising the small scale and informal nature
of the many enterprises where child labour is found in both urban and rural areas. This is a
considerable challenge as in many countries, labour inspection is either absent or only poorly
To provide advice to both employers and workers, to administer social and labour policy, and to
supervise and enforce labour legislation and standards, effective national systems of labour inspection
are required. Labour inspection is a public function and a responsibility of government, best organised
as a system within the context of a larger state system.
An effective system of integrated labour inspection at the national level, carried out by professionally
trained and adequately resourced inspectors who are suitably qualified and independent of improper
external influence, benefits both employers and workers, and the creation of a workplace health and
safety culture. Strong and effective labour inspection provides not only better protection of rights, but
also encourages safe and healthy work practices and productivity improvements at work, to the benefit
Labour inspectorates and their inspectors have important roles to play on elimination of child labour in
workplaces around the world in both formal and informal sectors of production. Working on elimination
of child labour should be a routine part of the work of labour inspectorates and labour inspectors
around the world. It is essential to seek greater labour Inspectorate involvement if the 2016 target of
elimination of child labour is to be met. Inspectorates in a wide range of countries need to be involved
as child labour is found in both industrialised and developing countries.
In order to work more effectively, and have greater capacity, on child labour issues, inspectorates,
their inspectors, and other partners which are part of the larger systems, need to be properly trained
on elimination of child labour in order to be able to incorporate this element in their daily work and
By the end of this training, the participants will have:
1. An increased awareness and knowledge of the WFCL and a better understanding of their
implications for the wellbeing of children and the development of a country in general;
2. Received, discussed, and analysed information that allows them to identify the roles and
means of action of labour inspectorates and inspectors in regard to the active prevention,
withdrawal/referral, and protection of working children;
3. Information and some practical means to assist Inspectorates and other bodies associated with
labour inspection in the development of enforcement policies and actions for the elimination of
4. Participants will be obtain information and knowledge that they can use in their everyday work
to combat child labour , especially the WFCL.
This course is designed for labour inspectors, other labour inspectorate staff, labour administration staff,
and others associated with labour inspection and labour administration with an interest in deepening and
broadening their existing knowledge on child labour in general, and hazardous child labour in particular.
Target participants include:
Labour inspectorate staff – labour inspectors: general, specialised and management level
Labour administration staffs
Representatives of workers and employers' organizations charged with policy-making, advising and
acting on child labour issues, especially at the work place level;
Government representatives such as policy-makers, government officers, programme managers, etc,
charged with formulating and implementing policies and programmes against child labour, including
legislation and enforcement;
ILO officers and project staff, especially IPEC as well as staff in other international agencies and bodies
such as the International Association of Labour Inspectors (IALI) and their regional groupings.
Structure and content of the training
This one-week course takes a broad view in looking at the WFCL with a special emphasis on hazardous
child labour. The course will address the following topics:
What is child labour: Definitions, terminology and overview of ILO legal framework (C138, C182) with a
focus on WFCL; C81 and C129 on labour inspection;
Overview of child labour in different sectors - types, magnitude, causes and consequences, gender
equality aspects, links to poverty reduction, and education. Specific high-risk groups such as children of
migrant and seasonal workers and girls;
Understanding WFCL: child trafficking, including child migrant workers; commercial sexual exploitation
of children; bonded labour etc;
Hazardous child labour: introduction; reasons why working children are at greater risks than adult
workers; risk assessment on occupational safety and health at workplace level
How to adapt enforcement by labour inspectorates to child labour elimination especially in small
enterprises and the informal sector – policy, inspection visits etc.
The role of labour inspectorates in enforcing the provisions of national, legally-binding hazardous child
labour lists as per ILO Convention 182 on WFCL;
How can LI help better protect young workers who are of minimum legal age fro employment?
How can the work of labour inspectorates and inspectors be better reflected in schools and in vocational
The support role of labour inspectorates in respect of child labour monitoring;
Applying laws and standards on child labour: the role of IPEC, labour inspectorates and labour
administration, trade unions, employers' organizations and of multi-stakeholders;
The role of national and international agencies and organizations on child labour, especially hazardous
During the course these questions will be analyzed through references to domestic and international
experience, case scenarios, and institutional and legal structures from different regions of the world.
Particular attention will be devoted to efforts made to prevent and stop hazardous child labour, as well as to
efforts made to address and treat the physical and psychological harm done by child labour.
The training will mix theory and practice. In addition to "classroom" sessions, group activities are foreseen
to examine case studies and formulate practical recommendations. The course will seek to draw on the first
hand experience of the participants to the maximum extent possible, using this as a basis for country-
specific analysis of different types of situations of child labour The course will make a broad use of
documents and materials published by IPEC on child labour, WFCL, as well as material on labour
inspection and administration, occupational safety and health, as well as other techniques and media, such
as video screening.
At the end of the course participants will be requested to provide an evaluation of course methodology and
The total cost of participation in the course is 1,930 Euros and includes tuition fees and subsistence costs.
Tuition fees cover:
books and training materials;
course preparation, implementation and evaluation.
Subsistence costs cover:
full board and lodging at the Turin Centre's Campus;
standard daily allowance for incidental expenses (12 Euros/day);
local study visit (if any);
minor medical care and emergency medical insurance;
The price indicated does not include travel costs between participants' home and the course venue. The
cost of passports, visas to enter Italy, airport taxes, internal travel in the participant’s home country and
unauthorized stopovers is not reimbursed.
Payment should be made in advance by bank transfer to:
Account No. 560001
Bank: Intesa-Sanpaolo SPA
IBAN: IT36 B030 6901 1911 0000 0560 001
Address: Viale Maestri del Lavoro 10, 10127 Turin - Italy
Note: On the bank transfer form, kindly state your name and the course code (A901053).
Fellowships are available to qualifying candidates.
The employers' organizations and workers' organizations to be granted a fellowship for this activity will be
selected by the Secretaries of the Employers' Group and of the Workers' Group of the Governing Body of
the International Labour Office.
Applications to participate should be sent, by e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) or by fax (+39 011 693 6906),
to the Manager of the Standards and Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work Programme.
They should be supported by a curriculum vitae and a nomination letter from the sponsoring/funding
In line with the ILO’s mandate to promote social justice and universally recognized human and
labour rights, the Turin Centre encourages applications from women.
For further information, please contact:
Standards and Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work Programme
International Training Centre of the ILO
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Turin - Italy
Phone: + 39 011 693 6626 / 6946 / 6931
Fax: + 39 011 693 6906
Web site: http://training.itcilo.org/ils/