Galileo and EGNOS

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					             European GNSS Programmes
                 EGNOS and Galileo

                Paul Verhoef
                Programme Manager
                EU satellite navigation programmes
 EUROPEAN       European Commission
COMMISSION
Presentation content
   1. EGNOS

   2. Galileo

   3. EU-USA
Presentation content
   1. EGNOS

   2. Galileo

   3. EU-USA
 EGNOS: GPS augmentation service

                                   EGNOS
                                 Service Area




                                EGNOS Satellite
                                  Footprints



         INMARSAT AOR-E (15.5°W), ARTEMIS (21.3°E), INMARSAT IOR-W (25°E)


                                                                            |   4
           EGNOS Timeline
            Regional Infrastructure & Services
Programme




                                                                      Operational Phase (Long Term Operations, Extensions, Replenishments)
EGNOS

Phases




                                          Deployment Phase
              Definition Phase


            2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019




            IOP … Initial Operations
                                                                                                                             |       5
   EGNOS Performance                           (January 2009)




                                                                        Source: Service
                                                                        Management
                                                                        Report ESSP for
                                                                        January 2009


     The deployment of additional RIMS in Northern Europe, Southern Europe,
     and Northern Africa will increase the coverage area of APV-1 Availability.
    APV … Approach with vertical guidance                                     |      6
   EGNOS Performance                                                                                                                                                                                             (March 2007 – August 2008)


                                                                                             Accumulative Signal in Space (SIS) Availability
                               100,00%

                                90,00%
       % SIS of last 28 days




                                80,00%

                                70,00%

                                60,00%

                                50,00%

                                40,00%

                                30,00%

                                20,00%

                                10,00%

                                 0,00%




                                                                                                                                                                                                                               08/01/2008




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 05/08/2008
                                                                                                                                    14/08/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              26/08/2008
                                                                                                                       24/07/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    15/07/2008
                                                                                                                                                 04/09/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                        06/11/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         19/02/2008
                                                                                                          03/07/2007




                                                                                                                                                              25/09/2007

                                                                                                                                                                           16/10/2007



                                                                                                                                                                                                     27/11/2007

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  18/12/2007



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            29/01/2008



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      11/03/2008




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       24/06/2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          03/06/2008
                                                                                22/05/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   01/04/2008

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                22/04/2008

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13/05/2008
                                                                                             12/06/2007
                                         20/03/2007

                                                      10/04/2007

                                                                   01/05/2007




                                                                                                                                                                                                     Date
     EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality.
     Signal in Space availability has been continuous since January 2008*.

    * with exception of 28 December 2008                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         |                         7

    .
    EGNOS Programme Status

    .   EGNOS is already broadcasting signals of excellent quality
        2009:
         » Assets have been transferred from ESA to the European
             Community in April 2009
         »   First EGNOS operator contract as of 1st April 2009
         »   New OS ICD release planned for autumn 2009
         »   Lease completed of an EGNOS transponder to replace
             ARTEMIS as of 2011
         »   Procurement action ongoing for replacement of a 2nd EGNOS


    .
             transponder
         »   Geographical service extension is under study
        2010:
         » SOL declaration of "entry into service" planned for mid-2010
             (after certification milestone)

                                                                     |    8
   EGNOS potential extensions


                                          Eastern
                                          Europe




                                                    Middle-East
                               MEDA



    Depending on the extension area, technical implementation may vary
    from:
       • Homogeneous extension with deployment of additional RIMS
       • Regional infrastructure including additional processing
          capabilities                                               |   9
   EGNOS Service Evolutions
    .
    .
        Service Provision Improvements                            ►short/medium term

        Coverage Evolution
         »   Eastern Europe, MEDA, Middle East/ACAC               ►medium term


    .
         »   Africa                                               ►medium/long term

        Frequency Evolution


    .
         »   Extension to the E5a/E5b frequency decided on ARTEMIS replacement

        Evolution of Standards                                    ►long term
         »   Standardisation of E5a and E5b, L1 CBOC on-going


    .
         »   Augmentation of new GNSS

        Additional Services
         »   LPV200 service level                                    ►medium term (2011)
             EGNOS capability to meet this service level currently under technical
             evaluation
         »   EGNOS time service                                      ►medium term
         »   Possible critical communication message
                                                                                 |   10
              EGNOS Value Added
      EGNOS                                   EGNOS Performance GPS)
                                      EGNOS Value Added (versus & Value Add
       appls
                                                                                             1. Size of circles indicates importance
  Markets
                                    Accuracy       Integrity     Availability   Continuity      of each attribute of EGNOS to the
                                                                                                market,
                      E112                                                         n/a          (large = very important)
     LBS

                  Non Reg LBS                                                      n/a
                                                                                             2. The extent to which EGNOS meets
                                                                                                these attributes is identified by the
                      eCall                           n/a                          n/a
                                                                                                colour:
    Road
                Truck Telematics
                                                      n/a                          n/a
                                                                                                   green … meets requirements
                                                                                                   red … does not meet
                Pay as you drive                      n/a                          n/a

                   Dangerous
                                                                                             3. Integrity may be useful to Road
   Freight
multimodality        goods -                                                                    applications, primarily RUC, but
                   perishables
                                                                                                there little awareness of the value or
  Specialist    HGV - Livestock -
   tracking      City Logistics                                                                 potential role or need for it.
                       APV
                                                                                             4. Precision agriculture in OS
  Aviation
                    A-SMGCS
                  (Aircraft Gnd                       n/a
                                                                                                includes crop spraying, yield
                                                                                   n/a
                    Vehicles)                                                                   management and field / plot
     Rail           Shunting                          n/a                          n/a          measurement

   Other
professional    High Precision                        n/a


                   Precision
                                                      n/a
                agriculture (OS)
  Farming
                    Precision
                                                      n/a
                agriculture (HPP)

                     Traffic
   Inland
 waterways       management &                         n/a
                  surveillance                                                                                                  |       11
Presentation content
   1. EGNOS

   2. Galileo

   3. EU-USA
           Galileo Timeline
            Global Infrastructure & Services




                                                                                                          Exploitation Phase
Programme




                                                                      Deployment Phase
Phases
Galileo




                                        Development / IOV Phase
            Definition Phase


            2002   2003   2004   2005    2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017     2018   2019




                                                                                                                                |      13
       Galileo Implementation
        Plan               Full Operational Capability
                               27 (+3) Galileo satellites
                                                                      2013
                                              In-Orbit Validation
                                              4 IOV satellites plus
                                                  ground segment
                                                          2010

                  Galileo System Testbed v2
                          2 initial test satellites
                                        2005

 Galileo System Testbed v1
Validation of critical algorithms
                       2003



                                                                             |   14
   Galileo Test Satellites

    .Giove-A     launched on 28 December 2005

        » Secured Galileo frequencies


    .Giove-B     launched on 27 April 2008

        » First Passive Hydrogen Maser
            atomic clock ever flown
        »   Implementation of CBOC signal
        »   Working as expected



                                                |   15
   Galileo IOV vs FOC

                               Component                           IOV Phase   FOC Phase

                                 Satellites                           4         27(+3)


                            Control Centres                           1            3


                      Mission Uplink Stations                         5            9


                             TT&C Stations                            2            5


                            Sensor Stations                           20         30-40


    IOV (In Orbit Validation), FOC (Full Operational Capability)
                                                                                         |   16
          IOV Ground Segment Sites
                                                                Svalbard ULS/GSS

    Alaska GSS
                                                                       Kiruna TTC

                                                              Redu GSS
                                                                                                 Urumchi GSS
                                                                      Fucino GSS
                                      Washington GSS
                                                                                                                   S. Korea GSS

                                                                                    Riyadh GSS
 Hawaii GSS                            Kourou
                                            TTC/ULS/GSS


                                                                                                                       New Caledonia
                                                                                                                            ULS/GSS
                                                                                    Reunion ULS/GSS
Papeete ULS/GSS
                  Easter Island GSS
                                        Cordoba GSS               South Africa GSS                     Perth GSS




                                                          Troll GSS
                                                                                                    Sensor Stations
                                                                                                    Up-Link stations
                                                                                                    TT&C stations
                                                                                                    Control Centres
                                                                                                                       |     17

    .
    Galileo FOC Procurement



    .
     Contract notice: 1 July 2008



    .
     Infrastructure procurement in 6 work packages

     Operational Capability in 2013




                                             |   18
   Galileo Procurement
    Retained Candidates
    Work Package
                                .
                                .
                                Retained Candidates



                                .
    1. System Support              ThalesAleniaSpace (IT)



                                .
                                   Logica (NL)



                                .
    2. Ground Mission Segment      ThalesAleniaSpace (FR)



                                .
                                   Logica (UK)
    3. Ground Control Segment      Astrium (UK)
                                   G-Nav grouping represented by Lockheed Martin


                                .
                                .
                                   IS&S (UK)



                                .
    4. Space Segment               Astrium (DE)
                                   OHB System (DE )



                                .
    5. Launch Services             Arianespace (FR)

    6. Operations
                                .   Nav-up grouping represented by Inmarsat (UK)
                                    DLR (DE) and Telespazio (IT)


                                                                           |   19
    Updated Governance
    Political oversight

                                    Council and
                                European Parliament


     Programme oversight and
     Programme Management         European GNSS
                               Programme Committee


                                     European
                                    Commission
              Independant
                advisors




                                                 assistance and
     Execution
                                    delegation




                European                         delegation       …GNSS Agency…
               Space Agency


          Development
             contracts
           Deployment
             contracts
                                                                                  |   20
Presentation content
   1. EGNOS

   2. Galileo

   3. EU-USA

    .
    EU-USA

        Common approach with regard to an overall
        GNSS strategy

         » Solving the compatibility issues and enhancing
             interoperability
         »   Developing a common GNSS standard for
             Safety of Life
         »   Coordinating inputs to UN ICG/Providers’
             Forum


                                                    |   22
   EU-USA

    .   Galileo and GPS are compatible and interoperable
         » Thanks to detailed and lengthy bilateral discussions
           through Working Groups, established by the EU US
           2004 Agreement and following close monitoring by the
           senior levels chaired by US DoS and EC

         » Excellent results to-date
             • MBOC common modulation



    .
             • National Security Compatibility Compliance
             • GGTO implemented on IOV and tested on GIOVE

        But, many more joint efforts are needed to ensure C&I
        for all GNSS
                                                             |    23
        GNSS Compatibility & Interoperability
            E5a E5 E5b       E6           L1



             L5                           L1



                  L3



             L5            LEX (E6)       L1



                   E5b       E6           L1
COMPASS


 IRNSS

                                               |   24
   EU-USA

    .   Other issues
         » Trade working-group
              • Further definition of « non-discriminatory approach to trade in
                GNSS goods and services (WTO)
              • Discussion on IPR aspects of Galileo R&D
              • Galileo spectrum in U.S. National Table of Frequency
                Allocations
              • Joint outreach (GPS-Galileo fact sheet etc)
              • Procurement of GPS and Galileo
         » Security
              • Sofar: Export controls, technology control
              • Next: Endorsement of new legal basis for exchange of
                classified information
              • Protection/hosting of ground stations
              • Security roles and responsibilities



                                                                         |   25
   EU-USA

    .   Safety of Life Service: common GNSS standard
         » 1st generation SBAS (WAAS EGNOS MSAS GAGAN) has
            reached a good level of maturity, but are based on GPS only
         » Galileo has designed a SoL standard
         » Integrity concepts likely to evolve with increasing number of
            constellations
         » Other constellations are interested in developing built-in
            integrity
         » Users need a single interface, single standard
         » Need common vision for the future

                                                                   |    26


       Thank you for your attention.





    SOURCE                             |   27