Orality and Literacy by P-TaylorFrancis


More Info
									Orality and Literacy
New Accents

Author: Walter J. Ong

Edition: 2
Table of Contents

General Editor's Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction. 1. The Orality of Language: The literate mind
and the oral past; Did you say 'oral literature'? 2. The modern discovery of primary oral cultures: Early
awareness of oral tradition; The Homeric question; Milman Parry's discovery; Consequent and related
work. 3. Some psychodynamics of orality: Sounded word as power and action; You know what you can
recall: mneumonics and formulas; Further characteristics of orally based thought and expression (I)
Addictive rather than subordinative (ii) Aggregative rather than analytic (iii) Redundant or 'copious' (iv)
Conservative or traditionalist (v) Close to the human lifeworld (vi) Agonistically toned (vii) Empathetic and
participatory rather then objectively distanced (viii) Homeostatic (ix) Situational rather than abstract; Oral
memorization; Verbomotor lifestyle; The noetic role of heroic 'heavy' figures and of the bizarre; The
interiority of sound; Orality, community and the sacral; Words are not signs. 4. Writing restructures
consciousness: The new world of autonomous discourse; Plato, writing and computers; Writing is a
technology; What is 'writing' or 'script'?; Many scripts but only one alphabet; The onset of literacy; From
memory to written records; Some dynamics of textuality; Distance, precision, grapholects and
magnavocabularies; Interactions: rhetorics and the places; Interactions: learned languages;
Tenaciousness of orlaity. 5. Print, space and closure: Hearing-dominance yeilds o sight-dominance;
Space and meaning (I) Indexes (ii) Books, contents and labels (iii) Meaningful surface (iv) Typographic
space; More diffuse effects; Print and closure: intertexuality; Post-typography: electronics. 6. Oral
memory, the story line and characterisation: The primacy of the story line; Narrative and oral cultures;
Oral memory and the story line; Closure of plot: travelogue to detective story; The 'round' character,
writing and print. 7. Some theorems: Literary history; New Criticism and Formalism; Structuralism;
Textualists and deconstructionists; Speech-act and reader-response theory; Social Sciences,
philosophy, biblical studies; Orality, wriitng and being human; 'Media' versus human communication; The
inward turn: consciousness and the text. Bibliography. Index.

This classic work explores the vast differences between oral and literate cultures offering a very clear
account of the intellectual, literary and social effects of writing, print and electronic technology. In the
course of his study, Walter J. Ong offers fascinating insights into oral genres across the globe and
through time, and examines the rise of abstract philosophical and scientific thinking. He considers the
impact of orality-literacy studies not only on literary criticism and theory but on our very understanding of
what it is to be a human being, conscious of self and other.This is a book no reader, writer or speaker
should be without.

To top