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Policies and programmes of the Government of Nepal for the facial by taoyni

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									                                                                           Unofficial Translation

             Policies and Programmes of the Government of Nepal
                          for the Fiscal Year 2066/067
Rt. Hon Speaker,

1.   It gives me pleasure to present before this Legislative Parliament the Policies and
     Programmes for the fiscal year 2066/067 on behalf of the coalition Government
     constituted with a view to creating a just, equal, strong, independent and prosperous
     Nepal while undertaking the obligation to write a new constitution reflecting the spirit of
     the historic People's Movement and the people‟s aspirations through the Constituent
     Assembly within the stipulated time-frame by strengthening mutual dialogue, consensus
     and collaboration.
2.   We have entered a new era of the Federal Democratic Republic by ending the aged old
     feudal monarchy and overcoming the long, difficult and historic phases of the struggle.
     As I address the Legislative Parliament for the second time in my capacity as President
     of the Republic of Nepal, I would like to recall the various aspects of the lives and
     struggles of the activists of the movement who fought to build a democratic and just
     Nepal. At this historic moment, I offer my respectful tributes to all the martyrs who have
     sacrificed their invaluable life for the cause of the nation. Likewise, I also offer my deep
     respects to the wounded freedom fighters. I would also like to put stress on the need for
     eliminating the unimaginable agonies of the disappeared, displaced and conflict-affected
     families.
3.   It has been more than a year when the Constituent Assembly was elected by the
     sovereign people of Nepal for writing a new constitution. More than two years have
     elapsed since the Comprehensive Peace Accord was signed with the commitment to
     move forward towards sustainable peace and democracy by ending the series of violence
     and counter-violence. However, the responsibilities to take the peace process to a positive
     conclusion, to undertake the restructuring of the State, and to write the new constitution
     through the Constituent Assembly have yet to be accomplished.

Rt. Hon. Speaker,

4.   National consensus among the political parties is extremely important to attain the epoch-
     making transformations sought by the people. The Government is committed to establish
     constitutional supremacy, to ensure the rule of law and good governance, to implement
     the understandings and agreements and to take the peace process to a positive conclusion
     by eliminating anarchy, insecurity and impunity. Making a new constitution within the
     stipulated time-frame on the basis of national consensus, restructuring of the state, ending
     feudalism and achieving rapid economic development together with socio-economic
     transformation are the main priorities of the Government.
5.   Border security will be strengthened by consolidating Nepal's sovereignty, territorial
     integrity and national unity.
6.   Laws and regulations will be changed to institutionalize the Federal Democratic
     Republic. The Government will expedite and facilitate the work of the state restructuring


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      commission created to assist the Constituent Assembly in institutionalizing federalism.
      Property belonging to the former royal family, both within the country and abroad, will
      be investigated and utilized for the good of the nation.
7.    Constitutional supremacy, independence of the judiciary, human rights, civil and
      fundamental rights, press freedom, the rule of law, democratic system based on multi-
      party competition and the fundamental rights of the oppressed class, caste, region, gender
      and communities will be guaranteed.
8.    Crimes and anarchy prevalent in the society will be controlled by strengthening the law
      and order situation, and impunity will be eliminated. A code of conduct will be developed
      and enforced so as to make all State mechanisms including the administration and the
      security agencies impartial and accountable in order to guarantee safety and security to
      the people. Arrangements will be made to address the security grievances of the people
      instantly by launching a campaign “Peace and Security: Expectations of the People”.
9.    The civil administration, Nepal Army, Armed Police Force, Nepal Police and other
      security agencies will be run on the basis of the prevailing laws in order to ensure the rule
      of law and good governance. They will be kept away and free from party politics. The
      civil service and the security agencies will be made impartial, professionally efficient,
      and accountable to the people.
10.   A special plan will be implemented to stop the acts of obstructing major roads and
      essential services in the name of “bandhs” (closures) by forging national consensus. A
      system of third-party insurance will be implemented to end road obstructions owing to
      traffic accidents and such road obstructions will be cleared by rapid deployment of
      security agencies.
11.   A special policy will be adopted to guarantee peace and security in the districts, to ensure
      justice and good governance, to implement development plans in time and with the
      required quality standard, and to make the district administration and police chiefs
      efficient and accountable to monitor the construction works.
12.   The agreements made by the Government of Nepal with the Madhesi People's Rights
      Forum and the United Democratic Madhesi Front will be implemented. However, a high-
      level monitoring committee will be formed to monitor the status of implementation of
      agreements with various parties while leaving all matters related to the constitution to be
      decided by the Constituent Assembly itself.
13.   The process of inclusion in all State organs and levels of women, Dalits, indigenous
      groups, Madhesi and inhabitants of the Terai, indigenous groups of the Terai including
      Tharus, Muslims, minorities, people with disabilities and the people of the backward
      regions will be carried forward on the basis of social justice and in a forward looking
      manner. The inclusion-related Bill currently under consideration of the Legislative
      Parliament will be moved forward.
14.   A high-level commission will be formed to define, identify and respect the martyrs. A
      systematic record of individuals who have attained martyrdom at different times will be
      maintained. Attention will be given to the development of the various regions where
      fighters of the democratic movement had sacrificed their lives.
15.   The Commission on the Investigation of Abuse of Authority and other agencies related to
      judicial administration will be strengthened to control corruption effectively. Additional
      legal and institutional arrangements will be made to stop irregularities at all levels of the
      State. Procrastination will be ended by establishing transparency and accountability.



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16. National consensus will be forged to hold elections of the local bodies. Interim
    arrangement as per the constitutional provision will be made to run the local bodies until
    elections are held.
17. Agreements made by the Government with the different political parties in the past and
    the commitments made in parliament will be implemented. Reports of various inquiry
    commissions and committees will be made public and their recommendations
    expeditiously implemented.
18. All legitimate demands put forward by the workers, peasants, women, youths, students,
    teachers, professors, intellectuals, doctors, engineers, lawyers, civil servants, journalists,
    entrepreneurs, cultural artists, the landless, the squatters, the conflict-affected, the
    displaced, freed bonded labours (Kamaiyas), the Haliyas, Badis, and the disabled will be
    gradually fulfilled through mutual dialogue.
19. The supervision, integration and rehabilitation of the combatants of the Maoist army and
    management of arms will be done in accordance with the provisions of agreements
    including the Comprehensive Peace Accord signed between the Government of Nepal
    and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The supervision, integration and
    rehabilitation of the combatants of the Maoist army will be carried out prior to the
    completion of the task of writing the new constitution.
20. The national security policy will be formulated in keeping with the suggestions of the
    Legislative-Parliament and political consensus. The national peace and rehabilitation
    commission, the high-level truth and reconciliation commission, the high-level state
    structuring suggestions commission, the commission for the investigation of the
    disappeared will be constituted/re-constituted. The act of monitoring of implementation
    and compliance of the understandings and agreements will be done by the national peace
    and rehabilitation commission.
21. All kinds of conflicts and problems that have come up in the Terai-Madhes and some
    other parts of the country will be resolved through talks and dialogue. However, violent
    and criminal activities will not be tolerated.
22. Relief and rehabilitation works will be undertaken for the benefit of the conflict-affected
    and displaced people. Construction of 'Health Shelters‟, one each in the five development
    regions, will be initiated for the care of the conflict-affected senior citizens. A Sarjak
    Ashram will be established in Kathmandu for the respect and security of the senior
    national figures.
23. Priority will be given to mechanisms which are capable of providing quick services to the
    people and which have multiple uses, while special priority will be given to the
    reconstruction of the physical infrastructures damaged during the conflict.
24. A People‟s Movement and Martyrs Memorial Museum will be established in Gokarna,
    Kathmandu. Planned development of the Narayanhiti Museum will be made.
    Construction of the Republic Monument will be completed. A national ethnic museum
    will be established in Champadevi, Kathmandu. The State will help establish ethnic
    museums in different districts covering all the castes and communities at the initiative
    and responsibility of the local people. The State will give special attention to preserve the
    culture and heritage of the Terai-Madhesh, the Hills and the Mountains.




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Rt. Hon. Speaker,

25. Families of those who were killed or disappeared during the conflict and who have not
    yet received relief assistance will be given relief assistance, and the act of rehabilitating
    the displaced will be carried forward. Those whose property has been forcibly seized as
    well as those whose property has been proven to have been damaged but have not yet
    received compensation will be given compensation. A special fund will be established for
    the rescue, relief, rehabilitation and assistance to those who have been affected by
    violence and conflict and are displaced. In order to provide direct relief to the people of
    the affected region, programs involving people‟s participation will be undertaken. Those
    who were wounded in course of different movements but have not received appropriate
    treatment will be provided treatment facilities. Those who were physically disabled will
    be given compensation.
26. Price rise will be controlled by increasing the supply of food items and other daily
    necessities. Price Cartelling in essential commodities and the syndicate system in the
    transportation sector will be abolished. Public distribution system will be strengthened so
    as to make the essential commodities available at affordable prices to the squatters and
    people living below the poverty line. Necessary arrangements will be made to ensure the
    rights and interests of the consumers.
27. Relief and rehabilitation works for the people affected by the Koshi floods will be made
    effective. High priority will be given to the reconstruction of the Koshi dam so as to
    minimize the risks. Necessary steps will be taken to provide relief to the people of the far
    west and other parts of the country seriously affected by floods and landslides.
28. In order to consolidate the political achievements made by the country through the
    historic People's Movement and to strengthen the national economy on the basis of the
    principles of welfare state and make it socialism-oriented and people-oriented, emphasis
    will be given on the public, cooperative and private sector partnerships. While focusing
    development efforts on reducing poverty, unemployment, backwardness, inequality and
    dependence, economic and social policies and programmes based on social justice,
    economic growth and distributive justice will be adopted. The slogan „Cooperatives in
    Villages and Cities, and Employment at Every Household‟ will be realized.
29. Distribution of „State-Privileged Identity Cards‟ will be initiated in order to raise the
    living standards of families living below the poverty line, and priority will be given
    Identity Card while providing services by the Government authorities including in
    education, health, food, employment etc.
30. Employment will be gradually established as a fundamental right of the citizen.
    Employment opportunities will be expanded through the medium of the public,
    cooperative and private sectors. An „Employment Guarantee Program‟ will be carried out
    by the State to ensure at least 100 days of employment each year to people living below
    the poverty line. Necessary laws and regulations for this will be formulated.
31. With a view to establishing social justice, ensuring equitable distribution of the factors of
    production and achieving economic growth, scientific land reforms programme will be
    implemented to maintain access of local landless and tenant farmers to land. The problem
    of land trust (Guthi) will be resolved. Special attention will be paid to the socio-economic
    uplifting of the agriculture labour, freed bonded labour, landless and squatters. Food
    security policy will be implemented.



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32. Nine programs consisting of education for all and literacy, health, safe drinking water,
    small irrigation, small and cottage industry, skill-oriented training and employment,
    intensive afforestation, small hydroelectricity and local road will be effectively
    undertaken.
33. Agriculture sector that has been the foundation of livelihood, income and employment of
    the majority of the people will be transformed from the current 'agriculture for
    subsistence' into 'agriculture for sustainable development'. Emphasis will be laid on
    enhancing production pursuant to 'One Village, One Product' policy. Farmers will be
    provided concessions with regard to necessary fertilizer, seed, agricultural tools, cold
    storage and irrigation-related electricity tariff. Private sector will be encouraged to
    establish livestock farms. Perspective plan for agriculture development will be
    implemented. Provision of subsidy will be made with regard to the price and
    transportation of chemical fertilizers as well as commercial production of organic
    fertilizers. While discouraging the fragmentation of agriculture land, programs of
    consolidated farming through cooperatives will be encouraged. In order to ensure that the
    farmers get appropriate price for their products, agricultural wholesale market based on
    cooperatives will be expanded.
34. For the qualitative enhancement of agriculture production and productivity, special
    priority will be accorded to the implementation of small and medium-sized irrigation
    projects. Big irrigation projects will be implemented as multi-purpose projects. Sunkoshi-
    Kamala Diversion and Bheri-Babai Diversion will be undertaken in this context. River
    training programs will be launched as a campaign to protect loss of lives and property, to
    generate employment as well as to promote resettlement programs for the landless people
    by reclaiming the land.
35. With a view to developing necessary physical infrastructure required to attract the private
    sector in the overall economic development and industrialization of the country, the role
    of government will be made effective. While ensuring industrial peace, new industrial
    policy will be implemented to create conducive environment for investment. Industrial
    security force will be constituted for the safety of industrial zones.
36. Board of investment will be established under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister for
    the smooth and expeditious implementation of decisions relating to the private sector
    investment of national significance. Common people's access to ownership of shares in
    the projects to be constructed under public sector investment as well as other public
    enterprizes will be made easier. Delivery of services by the public enterprizes will be
    made less expensive, easier and effective by introducing management reforms. Nepal
    Airlines Corporation will be operated under public-private partnership.
37. With a view to ensuring uninterrupted supply of electricity in the country in the long-run
    as well as promoting its export in the future, programs for the development of energy
    including hydro electricity will be initiated as an important basis for national
    development. Long-term policy will be adopted for the mobilization of national, foreign,
    private, bilateral as well as multilateral investments. The existing policies as well
    institutional arrangements will be reformed for this purpose. The local people's access to
    and participation in hydroelectricity projects will be ensured. High priority will be
    accorded to the implementation of rural electrification programs and 'Bright Nepal
    Campaign' will be launched with the expansion of solar energy as well as micro and
    small hydropower projects.



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38. Policy and programs relating to the resolution of energy crisis will be implemented
    effectively. In order to reduce power shortage especially during the dry season capacity
    of the existing power houses will be enhanced and short-term policy of operating the
    thermal plants in full capacity will be adopted. High priority with national resolve will be
    accorded to the expeditious implementation of some large scale hydropower projects.
39. Construction works of East-West railway and Hulaki road in Terai-Madhesh will be
    initiated. The task of linking District Headquarters with road will be undertaken with
    priority. Mid-hilly road as well as Koshi, Gandaki and Karnali corridor road projects
    connecting Nepal-India border to Nepal's border with Tibet in China will be initiated. A
    fast track connecting Kathmandu to Terai as well as Dharan-Chatara-Gaighat-Hetauda
    Road, Seti highway and Rapti highway will be constructed. Construction work of a
    bridge over Koshi river at Chatara will be initiated.
40. Projection of resources will be made along with 3-year expenditure plan with a view to
    ensuring resources for high-priority project and programmes as well as to continue
    development and construction works through 'multiyear contract' system,. In order to
    enhance the competitiveness of the contract system, arrangements will be made for
    submission of tender bids electronically to multiple centers. Public Procurement Act will
    be reviewed to check corruption and enhance effectiveness of construction works through
    reform in public procurement and construction system.
41. The concept of Public-Private partnership will be adopted in the construction and
    operation of big infrastructure projects. The existing laws and rules will be reviewed to
    promote private sector investment in infrastructure. National and foreign investment will
    be encouraged in the development of infrastructure under build-operate-transfer scheme.
42. Emphasis will be givenon the balanced development of Terai-Madhesh, Hill, Mountain
    as well as of villages and cities. Special programs will be launched and mechanism will
    be established for the development of backward regions including Karnali. To carry out a
    comprehensive study of mid and far-western regions lagging behind in terms of
    development and opportunity, a Commission will be constituted and special programmes
    will be implemented.
43. Natural, social and cultural resources and heritage of the country will be preserved. With
    a view to contributing to the economic development, special incentives will be offered to
    programs in the areas of religious, cultural, rural, health and educational tourism.
    Construction works of international airport at Nijgadh as well as of regional airports at
    Pokhara and Lumbini will be initiated. Other airports in operation will be upgraded.
44. 'Nepal Tourism Year- 2011' program will be successfully implemented. Emphasis will be
    laid on the identification and development of new tourism spots and products as well as
    on the conduct of promotional activities in the tourist generating locations also in
    partnership with the private sector. New strategy will be formulated for the promotion of
    domestic, regional as well as international tourism, and Nepal Tourism Board will be
    activated to implement it. Air Services Agreements will be concluded with additional
    countries for the promotion of tourism.
45. Special Economic Zones will be established to expand the base and competitive strength
    of exportable items. While appropriately managing the challenges emerging in industrial
    and trade sector on account of bilateral, regional and multilateral trade treaties and
    agreements, atmosphere will be created to take advantage of the available opportunities.




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46. Local Integrated Service Centre, cooperatives as well as depots of the concerned public
    enterprizes will be mobilized to ensure supply of essential products including food, salt,
    sugar and kerosene in the remote districts of Hill and Mountain regions. Additional
    transport subsidy will be granted to protect the people in remote and inaccessible hilly
    regions from soaring prices.
47. Necessary legal framework will be prepared and implemented to involve private sector in
    the business of petroleum products to make the supply and distribution of petroleum
    products competitive, smooth and systematic.
48. Forest area will be expanded by launching afforestation programme as a campaign so as
    to promote livestock development, promoting conservation of resources and ecosystem.
    Community forest programs will be encouraged in view of its contribution to the
    protection of environment. In Terai-Madhesh, the concept of 'partnership forest' will also
    be introduced in accordance with the demand of the local people. Arrangements will be
    made for the public audit for the institutional development of community and partnership
    forest. Special programs will be undertaken to minimize environment pollution and
    deforestation in view of the environmental degradation, imbalance and global warming.
49. Intensive forest management program will be conducted for the commercialization as
    well as enhancement of productivity of forest resources. Open space in the forest area
    will be made available to the poor people living below the poverty line as a leasehold
    forest for their subsistence and employment. 'Mechi Mahakali Integrated Chure
    Protection Action Plan' will be formulated and implemented for the protection of Chure
    and Shivalik region. The existing Act and Rules will be amended with a view to
    encouraging investment in rearing selected wild animals and birds as well as in
    promoting investment in production and processing of herbs and herbal products.
50. With a view to minimizing the effects of climate change on different sectors including
    agriculture sector, climate change-related policy and national adaptation program will be
    formulated and implemented within the next Fiscal Year. A climate change-related
    Action Plan Preparation Committee will be constituted under the chairmanship of the
    Prime Minister. While emphasizing the concept of sustainable and clean development,
    high priority will be accorded to renewable energy to generate green employment. For
    this, rural energy subsidy policy will be continued in the next Fiscal Year with further
    improvement.
51. Financial sector reform programmes will be undertaken. Strict action will be taken to the
    willful defaulters of bank loans. Programmes to encourage good debtors will be
    undertaken. Additional legal arrangements will be introduced for the regulation of
    savings and credit cooperatives. Crops and livestock insurance programmes will be
    expanded through micro insurance services. Necessary legal arrangements will be made
    for this purpose.
52. Regulatory and supervisory capacity of Nepal Rastra Bank will be further strengthened.
    In order to protect the deposit of small individual depositors, compulsory insurance of
    certain amount of savings and fixed deposit by Banks and Financial Institutions will be
    introduced. Access to modern banking services will be expanded in the rural areas.
53. Free and compulsory education programmes will be undertaken gradually up to
    secondary level. National literacy campaign will be implemented with necessary changes.
    National literacy campaign will be implemented with necessary amendments. Special
    emphasis will be laid on the qualitative, employment-oriented, vocational and technical



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      education accessible to the people. Primary and informal education in mother tongue will
      be expanded.
54.   School sector reform programs will be effectively implemented to make the basic
      education qualitative. The level of assistance of the State, participation and accountability
      of the community in the management of community schools will be increased to enhance
      the quality of school-level education. Promotion of quality education and capacity
      building through institutionalization of the collaboration between public and private
      sectors will be encouraged.
55.   The process of establishment of Universities which have been granted approval in
      principle, in the past, in accordance with the concept of multi-university will be carried
      forward. Emphasis will be laid on the enhancement of quality education by reviewing the
      existing structure of Tribhuban University. Necessary legal, institutional and
      infrastructure arrangements will be made for the establishment of Poly-technic
      University. With a view to ensuring access of all citizens to technical education and
      vocational training, additional training units, also with participation of private sector, will
      be established and resources will be mobilized.
56.   Arrangements for 'child protection subsidy' will be made on behalf of the State for the
      nurturing and healthy development of children as future stars. This facility, initially to be
      granted to the families of oppressed, endangered and marginalized ethnic groups and it
      will be gradually extended to cover all children.
57.   Primary and basic health will be ensured as a fundamental right of the people. With a
      view to making health services easy and accessible to the people, investment in the rural
      health programmes will be enhanced and monitoring the services under such investment
      will be strengthened. Policies to encourage community and cooporative health
      programmes will be pursued. Preparations will be made for the implementation of 'Health
      Insurance Programme'. Arrangements will be made for the free treatment of the people
      below poverty line suffering from complicated diseases. Special incentive programmes
      will be introduced to ensure the presence of health workers in remote and backward
      areas.
58.   New programs will be initiated in the area of reproductive health under the banner of
      'Safe Motherhood, Women's Right'. Additional programs will be initiated to minimize
      malnutrition as well as maternal and infant mortality rates. Free maternity services will be
      expanded and incentives will be provided to make use of pre and post-delivery health
      care services. Arrangements for Twenty four-hour maternity services will be made in the
      health posts. Mobile services will also be provided for the benefit of the women suffering
      from prolapse of uterus. Incentive programmes for the women health volunteers will be
      undertaken.
59.   With a view to enhancing the access of the poor citizens of the urban areas to health
      services, arrangement for the establishment of additional health institutions and
      strengthening of the existing institutions and additional women health volunteers will be
      made on the basis of population and geography in coordination with the local bodies.
      Naturopathy, Yoga, Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Yunani, Acupuncture and Amchi services
      will be promoted under the alternative medical therapy.
60.   Under social security scheme, the social security progarmmes will be made available to
      the senior citizens, widows, endangered ethnic and indigenous groups, Dalits, disabled
      and fully incapacitated persons will be expanded.



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61. Budget and people‟s participation will be enhanced in programmes related to drinking
    water, sanitation, and construction of rural infrastructure. The construction works of the
    Melamchi Drinking Water Project will be completed within the stipulated timeframe with
    high priority. In order to enhance the quality of services to be provided by drinking water
    and sanitation related projects, the participation of the private sector will be encouraged.
    Emphasis will be laid on the maximum utilization of rain water harvesting.
62. Special focus will be given on the problems related to the sanitation and traffic
    management system of Kathmandu and a comprehensive reform package will be
    undertaken for the improvement. The use of plastic bags will be prohibited in some
    designated areas and this will be gradually expanded to other areas.
63. In order to protect the Bagmati civilization, the resources of Bagmati areas will be
    protected and the construction of the Bagmati Corridor will be expedited. Additional
    programmes will be carried out for the religious and cultural development of Pashupati,
    Janakpur and Lumbini areas. Operating businesses in the vicinity of religious sites will be
    discouraged.
64. Arrangements of low cost “People's Residences” for the highly backward community,
    poor dalits, endangered ethnic groups and marginalized communities will be made. This
    programme will be gradually expanded to other communities. To provide social security
    to the elderly people, old-age homes will be constructed immediately in five development
    regions. The government will extend its support to the organizations and communities
    involved in this field.
65. Necessary reforms will be made in the Labour Act so as to guarantee professional rights
    and protection of labourers as well as to enhance the productivity of industries and
    businesses. The foreign employment will be made systematic and easily accessible to
    general public. Priority shall be given to co-operative programmes for generating self-
    employment and self relience for rural women.
66. In accordance with the policy of the devolution of power, the capacity of local bodies
    will be stregnthened. The programme, “Build Our Village Ourselves”, will be pushed
    forward in order to make development projects at grass-root level more participatory. A
    policy of devolving power to local bodies, except those which should be done by the
    Centre itself, will be adopted.
67. In order to make creative development of the youth force, an action plan on „Youth
    Empowerment‟ will be undertaken in line with the National Youth Policy. The youth will
    be deployed in various development activities as volunteers and the youth self-
    employment programmes will be carried out as a campaign. The youth will be mobilized
    on nationwide basis to undertake local development, social mobilization, monitoring of
    development programmes as well as for ending social evils. Programmes targeted to the
    youth will be taken to the villages by forming a „National Youth Council‟. Support will
    be provided for the personality development of talented youth in different sectors
    exploring the latent talency in the children.
68. A new Sports Policy will be implemented for the development of sports sector. Physical
    infrastructures will be developed and improved, and a wide-ranging development and
    expansion of the sports will be undertaken from school level. The sports sector will be
    widely extended on the basis of a slogan, “Sports for Healthy Life and National Pride”. A
    programme for finding talents in sports will be initiated and special arrangements will be
    made for the livelihood of the athletes winning international awards.



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69. The state will pay special attention to respect and protect special talents, who have
    dedicated their lives in the diverse fields of literature, music and arts.
70. Arrangements will be made for severe punishment to prohibit kidnapping, rape, drug-
    trafficking, allegations of witchcraft, untouchability, etc. Necessary steps will be taken to
    eliminate the social evils like the dowry system.
71. Arrangements will be made for the protection of the rights and interests of the Nepalese
    migrant workers and investment of their skill and capital into the country will be
    encouraged. Non-resident Nepalese will be provided with special identity cards and
    encouraged to take part in the development campaign of Nepal. A special programme
    will be carried out to stop brain-drain. Special arrangement will be made to utilize the
    remittances for national development.
72. Appropriate fiscal and monetary policies will be implemented so as to minimize the
    empacts of the global economic recession in Nepal. Programmes will be undertaken to
    integrate the returnee Nepalese migrant workers into the labour market of Nepal.
73. Emphasis will be laid on expanding tax net, adjusting rates, controlling leakages and
    strengthening administrative capacity for the mobilization of internal resources.
    Arrangement will be made to provide easy services to taxpayers in all district
    headquarters. The tax administration will be made transparent.
74. A policy of mobilizing foreign aid in accordance with national need, interests and priority
    as well as utilizing foreign aid in a transparent and effective manner will be adopted by
    reviewing Foreign Aid Policy.

Right Hon'ble Speaker,

75. Despite the progress that Nepal has made gradually in the area of information and
    communication sectors, a large portion of the population has not been able to take
    advantage of its multi-dimensional use. The Government will integrate this sector with
    the overall development processes by adopting a policy under the theme, “Knowledge,
    Information and Communication, Foundation of New Nepal”. Telephone services will be
    expanded within this year to all Village Development Committees. A programme will be
    initiated with a mission of extending optical fiber to all district headquarters so as to
    provide internet facility in all Village Development Committees.
76. By introducing qualitative improvement in the traditional postal system, the services will
    be diversified through the use of modern information technology. A programme will be
    undertaken to develop the Department of Information as the central information bank of
    the Government of Nepal. While making security printing effective, the capacity to get
    all security printing works done within the country will be developed.
77. Stress will be given on the effective implementation of the Rights to Information Act and
    the Working Journalist Act. Persons involved in journalism for long period of time will
    be specially honoured. The inclusive programmes run by Radio Nepal and Nepal
    Television will be made effective. The publications carried out in different national
    languages by Gorkhapatra will be expanded. Encouragement will be given to the
    screening of the films contributing to the development and protection of Nepalese arts
    and culture. With a view to developing Nepal as an attractive place for the screening of
    international films, the act of developing a film city, equipped with all facilities will be
    taken up.



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78. Women's participation with their capacity enhancement will be promoted in various
    organs of the state as well as every sector of national life. Special programmes will be
    implemented for education, health and employment of the indigenous and ethnic groups,
    inhabitants of Terai/Madhesi, dalits, oppressed, poor, disabled and the people living in
    backward regions. Special arrangements will be made for the supply of food as well as
    for identification and mobilization of alternative resources in the food-deficit remote
    districts including Karnali region.
79. Special programmes including social security will be implemented for the development
    of dalits, oppressed and backward groups, communities and areas. The whole country
    will be declared free from untouchabibily. A wide spread campaign will be carried out in
    order to eliminate the practice of Chhaupadi. Social discrimination and untouchability
    against the dalits will be taken as punishable offence and arrangements for strong action
    will be made against such offences. Programmes of positive discrimination will be
    implemented for the up-liftment of the dalit community. Additional programmes will be
    initiated for social integration.
80. Ending all kinds of discriminations against women, the laws related with the control of
    crimes such as rape, domestic violence, and trafficking of women will be effectively
    enforced. "Women Awareness Programme" will be implemented for rehabilitation, up-
    liftment and development of affected women and children from above mentioned social
    evils. In order to provide temporary shelter to women displaced by domestic violence,
    “Women Shelters” will be established at fifteen most affected places. Partnership will be
    forged with Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to this end.
81. Disabled persons will be given either special training and opportunities for employment
    or disability allowances. Social security will be provided to the elderly, helpless and
    widows. Priority will be given for working-age widows for employment. Public places
    will be gradually made disabled friendly.
82. All types of discriminations against religion, language and culture will be eliminated. A
    national policy will be formulated and implemented for the protection, utilization and
    mobilization of cultural heritage. Arrangements will be made for the protection of
    scattered heritages by maintaining their record. The protection of places enlisted as the
    World Heritage Sites will be made effective. A National Commission will be constituted
    to make recommendations for the overall welfare and development of various religious,
    minority groups and communities.
83. The rehabilitation works of the freed kamaiyas (bonded labours) will be made systematic.
    Necessary steps will be taken for liberation and rehabilitation of Kamalari and Haliya.
    Similary, rehabilitation works of Badi and deuki communities will be initiated after
    undertaking comprehensive studies.
84. The efficiency of Nepal Army will be promoted. The involvement of Nepal Army in the
    development of infrastructure and conservation of heritage sites will be continued. The
    efficiency of Nepal Army will be enhanced so as to increase their participation in
    Peacekeeping missions. Human rights education will be made mandatory for army
    personnel's trainings.
85. In line with the policy of making justice accessible to all, the process of reforming
    judicial services will be undertaken. Necessary legal arrangements will be made to
    expand the jurisdictions of the Appellate and District Courts. Promotion and protection of
    human rights will be made effective.



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86. Based upon the experience gained in the past elections, procedural reforms will be carried
    out so as to make elections free, fair, and credible. The distribution of National Identity
    Card will be completed within next year. Arrangements will be made to reveal the
    identity of voters through the National Identity Card by making the voters list more
    systematic. Necessary arrangements will be made for a strong and effective role of the
    Election Commission.
87. The state‟s foreign policy will be conducted based on the principles of the UN Charter,
    Panchasheela, and Non-alignment keeping national interest on the top. Friendly and
    cordial relations with neighbouring countries, particularly with India and China will be
    further strengthened on the basis of mutual respect, equality, co-operation and cordiality.
    The Nepalese territory will not be allowed to be used against any neighboring and
    friendly countries. Concerted efforts will be made to return the Bhutanese citizens living
    in Nepal as refugees to their country with dignity and respect. The relations with other
    friendly countries will also be strengthened and expanded. Nepal‟s participation in the
    UN peacekeeping will be given continuity.
88. The Nepalese Missions abroad will be equipped with resources so as to making
    economic diplomacy more effective. In line with the policy of expanding diplomatic
    relations as needed, Nepalese Embassies will be established in South Africa, Brazil,
    Canada and Kuwait in the next fiscal year. In order to protect and promote the rights and
    interests of the Nepalese migrant workers and to provide appropriate assistance to those
    who are in difficulties, the appointment of Labour Attaches will be made.
89. The Government is firm in its belief that the national interests can be better protected
    with the unity and consensus among political parties. While safeguarding the sovereignty,
    national unity, territorial integrity, independence and self respect, national security,
    foreign policy, utilization of water resources and mobilization of foreign aid will be made
    according to the national interests of Nepal. The treaties and agreements inconsistent with
    national interests will be reviewed.
90. Timely increment will be made on facilities given to civil servants based upon the
    recommendations of the High Level Pay Commission in order to keep the morale of civil
    servants high, enhance their work efficiency and re-gain people‟s confidence through fair
    and efficient administration. The recommendations of the administrative restructuring
    commission will be gradually implemented. In order to increase the efficiency of civil
    servants, arrangements will be made to impart training to officials of various levels and
    classes at least once in the next five years.

Rt. Hon Speaker,

91. In the background of the historic People's Movement, we had initiated a peace process of
    its own kind. The international community is as much interested in its success as we
    ourselves are enthusiastic and serious about it. By realizing the strong interest for peace
    of the Nepali people, there is a need for all parties to be responsible for implementing the
    understandings and agreements reached at different times including the Comprehensive
    Peace Accord. The Government is fully committed to take the peace process to a positive
    conclusion.
92. The Government of Nepal expresses its grateful thanks to the United Nations and the
    donor agencies who have assisted in the peace process and the socio-economic



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    development of Nepal. The Government of Nepal is confident that it will continue to
    receive valuable assistance and solidarity from the international community in the
    accomplishment of Nepal's peace process, consolidation of democracy and in its socio-
    economic development.
93. Our commitment to making the constitution has been obvious by the fact that even when
    the Legislative-Parliament was obstructed, the task of making the new constitution was
    continuing. The interest shown by the Nepali people in making the constitution is
    appreciable. It is necessary to give continuity to the task of making the constitution, and
    there will be full cooperation of the Government in this. The Government of Nepal
    expresses its sincere thankfulness to all the political parties, the Chairman of the
    Constituent Assembly, the Honourable Members and all others. The Government expects
    even more cooperation from all of you in the days ahead.
94. The present Government has taken the cooperation extended to us from all as an
    inspiration. We had taken the leadership of the joint People's Movement for democracy
    and peace by developing the twelve point understanding which was founded on the belief
    that additional achievements could be made only by facing challenges. We had made
    different agreements, understandings and decisions in the direction of peace and stability
    subsequently. We have succeeded in resolving the differences that had obstructed the
    Legislative-Parliament. It is self evident that the challenges ahead can also be tackled on
    the basis of dialogue, consensus and co-operation. Let us move ahead from darkness to
    light, from mistrust to trust, and from conflict to reconciliation. A peaceful, prosperous,
    equitable, strong and democratic Nepal can be built by positive thinking, optimism
    towards the future and our collective effort.

Thank you!




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