Chicago Review Press NCLEX-PN Practice Test and Review by P-IndependentPublish

VIEWS: 113 PAGES: 5

More Info
									The Chicago Review Press NCLEX-PN Practice Test
and Review
Author: Linda Waide, MSN, Med, RN
Author: Berta Roland, MSN, RN



Edition: third
Table of Contents

Contents
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Directory of State and Territorial Boards of Practical Nursing
Practice Test 1: Cardiocirculatory and Peripheral Circulatory Systems
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 2: Endocrine System and Diabetes
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 3: Gastrointestinal System and Nutrition
Overview of the Gastrointestinal System
Overview of Nutrition
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 4: Immune and Lymphatic/Hematological Systems and Cancer
Overview of the Immune System
Overview of the Lymphatic System
Overview of the Hematologic System (Blood)
Overview of Cancer (Oncology)
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 5: Integumentary System and Burns
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test: Musculoskeletal System
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 7: Neurological System and Special Senses/Pain
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 8: Renal System with Fluids and Electrolytes
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 9: Female and Male Reproductive Systems
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 10: Respiratory System and Acid-Base Imbalance
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 11: Mental Health Concepts, Communication, and Drug Abuse
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
Practice Test 12: Miscellaneous Topics
Overview
Questions
Answers, Rationales, and Explanations
About the Authors
How to Use the Practice Test CD
Description

Fully revised to conform to the 2003 NCLEX Test Plan, this study guide and test includes “hot spot,” fill-
in-the-blank, and check-the-box questions to reflect the new test format with 10 written practice tests
covering all the body systems, plus two additional practice tests on mental health and miscellaneous
topics. Altogether, more than 500 practice test items are provided. Each practice test includes a system
overview and complete rationales and explanations for both correct and incorrect answers. Also offered
are explanations of how the computerized licensure exam is administered and advice on preparing for the
exam and mastering the test format. In addition to the written tests, a 100-item interactive-software CD in
the NCLEX format is also included to allow students to become comfortable with the on-screen exam.
Excerpt

Practice Test 1: Cardiocirculatory and Peripheral Circulatory SystemsOVERVIEW
The cardiocirculatory system consists of blood, vessels to transport the blood, and a four-chambered
muscular pump called the heart. The cardiocirculatory system is responsible for transporting food and
oxygen to all the cells and organs of the body.
Blood vessels in the lungs absorb oxygen that is inhaled from the air, and blood vessels in the small
intestine absorb food materials from the digestive tract. Blood also provides a means whereby cellular
wastes, i.e., carbon dioxide and urea, are transported to the lungs and kidneys, where they are
eliminated
from the body.BLOOD VESSELS
There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, veins, and capillaries.
Arteries

Arteries are large vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart. In order to withstand the
high pressure of the heart’s pumping action, arteries are made of connective tissue, elastic fibers, and
inner walls of epithelial cells. As the heart forces blood into the arteries, their elastic qualities enable
them to expand and contract. Some of the arteries in the body are very large compared to their smaller
branches, called arterioles. The walls of arterioles are much thinner than the walls of the larger arteries.
The thin walls of arterioles allow them to carry blood to the smallest of vessels, which are known as
capillaries.
Capillaries

The walls of capillaries are very thin (just one epithelial cell thick). Because they are so small
(microscopic),
they are capable of allowing oxygen and nutrients to pass out of the bloodstream and into the tissue fluid
(interstitial fluid) that surrounds all body cells. Once nutrients and oxygen are inside the cells, the
nutrients
are burned (catabolized) and needed energy is released within the cells. At the same time that oxygen
and
nutrients are passing into the interstitial fluid, the waste products of catabolism, namely, carbon dioxide
and water, pass out of the cells and into the thin-walled capillaries. These waste products flow back to
the
heart via small veins known as venules, which branch to form larger vessels known as veins.
Veins

Veins do not have to withstand the pressures that arteries do. Therefore, vein walls are thinner than
arterial
walls, and veins are less elastic and have less connective tissue than arteries. Compared to arteries,
blood pressure in the veins is low. To keep blood flowing toward the heart, veins have small valves on
their inner walls that prevent blood from flowing backward. In addition to these valves, muscular action
also helps to “milk” blood flow along in the veins.THE HEART
The four chambers of the heart actually form two pumps. The right side of the heart pumps blood from
the heart into the lungs, where it gives off carbon dioxide and picks up oxygen; the left side of the heart
pumps the oxygenated blood from the lungs into the body.Pulmonary Circulation

Pulmonary circulation consists of the flow of blood through the vessels from the heart to the lungs and
then back to the heart again.. . .
Author Bio
Linda Waide, MSN, Med, RN
Linda Waide, MSN, MEd, RN, is the coauthor of The Chicago Review Press Pharmacology Made Easy
for NCLEX-PN Review and Study Guide and The Chicago Review Press Pharmacology Made Easy for
NCLEX-RN Review and Study Guide. She is the co-owner of Contemporary Health Systems,
Incorporated, which has offered nursing review courses for both the RN and PN licensure examinations for
more than 15 years nationwide. She lives in Talladega, Alabama.


Berta Roland, MSN, RN
Berta Roland, MSN, RN, is the coauthor of The Chicago Review Press Pharmacology Made Easy for
NCLEX-PN Review and Study Guide and The Chicago Review Press Pharmacology Made Easy for
NCLEX-RN Review and Study Guide. She is the co-owner of Contemporary Health Systems,
Incorporated, which has offered nursing review courses for both the RN and PN licensure examinations for
more than 15 years nationwide. She lives in Talladega, Alabama.

								
To top