What do they look like? The spot-tailed quoll is the largest marsupial carnivore surviving on mainland Australia. They are more than 50 per cent larger than other quolls (eastern, western and northern) and, unlike other species, have white spots that extend along their tail. They have bright eyes, a moist pink nose and sharp teeth. They have a pointed snout and a long tail. Their fur has a coarse texture and is red-brown to dark brown with white spots of varying size. Where do they live? Spot-tailed quolls are found in a range of forest environments, from rainforest to open woodland. They require forest with suitable den sites such as rock Introduction crevices, caves, hollow logs, burrows C o n S Er vAT i o n STAT u S and tree hollows. They have a large Four species of quolls are found in home range and can cover more Mainland populations: Australia. Most parts of the country eNDANgereD than six kilometres overnight. The were once inhabited by at least one spot-tailed quoll was once common Australian Government quoll species and they were among throughout southeastern Australia, Tasmanian populations: the first native animals to be described VulNerAble including Tasmania. However, since Env. Protection & Biodiversity Cons. Act 1999 by European scientists. All quoll European settlement it has become species have declined in numbers rare across most of its range. New South Wales: VulNerAble since European settlement. Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 Spot-tailed quoll life history Queensland: Did you know? and ecology VulNerAble Captain Cook collected quolls along Spot-tailed quolls hunt mostly at night Threatened Species Conservation Act 1992 the east coast in 1770, and recorded being largely nocturnal and solitary. Victoria: ‘quoll’ as an Aboriginal name for ThreATeNeD Their diet appears to consist primarily Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 these animals. of medium-sized mammals including Australian Capital Territory: gliders, possums, rabbits, and even VulNerAble small wallabies. They like carrion Nature Conservation Act 1982 (dead animals), birds and eggs as well. 1930s 1950s 1970s 1990s 2000s 2008 + Tasmanian tiger Pig footed bandicoot Carnaby s black cockatoo Gilbert s potoroo Flatback turtle What s going to be eXTINCT eXTINCT eNDANgereD CrITICAlly eNDANgereD VulNerAble NeXT...? Small mammals, reptiles and Fire What you can do invertebrates are also a significant Since spot-tailed quolls favour habitats • Find out if your land is likely to be part of the diet, particularly for with abundant prey and refuges from spot-tailed quoll habitat – you can juvenile quolls. predation, wildfire and controlled burns contact your Threatened Species Spot-tailed quolls are sexually mature which reduce these are also a threat to network Coordinator for information. at two years of age. Adult males the species. • road-related deaths are quite begin searching for females around common for this species, as the quoll Persecution May, and mating takes place in mid- often scavenges on road kill and is June. The young are born in early in some areas quolls are killed in thus placed in danger. Take extra July, and by mid-August are no longer response to raids on poultry runs, care driving through areas of known attached to their mothers, although having a devastating impact on quoll habitat, especially at night. they feed from her and spend much local populations. time in the den. By early november • Keep your pets indoors or fenced other threats to the spot-tailed quoll at only 18 weeks of age, young are in at night so they don’t escape and include road mortality in some areas, completely independent and they live become feral predators. due to scavenging of road-killed for approximately five years. carcasses, as well as the impacts • Participate in revegetation and tree of climate change on fragmented planting projects in your local area. Threats to spot-tailed quolls habitat areas. You should ensure that all plants are Adult spot-tailed quolls have a territory locally sourced and appropriate for of up to 500ha. There are few areas Case Study – Creating the region and the animals within it. where such territories can exist corridors for the tiger quoll • report any quoll sightings to your without quolls encountering the effects For the Wonyip Landcare Group the local conservation department. of humans. spot-tailed quoll is very important and is even their emblem. That’s why in 2007 • Help the spot-tail quoll by reporting Habitat loss any activities that you see that are they applied for a TSn Community one of the main threats to the Grant to search for this threatened likely to harm them or their habitat to spot-tailed quoll is the loss and species and restore its habitat. the Department of the Environment, fragmentation of habitat, especially Water, Heritage and the Arts – areas of suitable forest with sufficient The aim of the project is to find out Compliance and Enforcement Branch. numbers of den sites and prey. if quolls still inhabit the region and visit www.environment.gov.au/epbc/ to protect habitat and create wildlife compliance/index.html or freecall1800 Introduced species corridors for them and other species. 110 395 for more information. The introduction of foxes and cats Hair-traps, which collect hair samples has had a major effect on many of as an animal enters a tube to investigate Australia’s unique species, including a food source placed at the end, are Contacts quolls. not only are young quolls at being set in hope that evidence of their TSN Coordinator – risk of predation by foxes and cats presence can be confirmed. Ten years Eastern Temperate Forests but these introduced species also ago this technique proved successful WWF-Australia compete for food. Poisoning by cane when quoll hair was collected after two toads has led to the death of many hair-sample surveys were conducted P 1800 032 551 quolls who try to eat them. along near-by creeks. E email@example.com W www.wwf.org.au/tsn The landcare group is also working 1080 poison with local pine plantation owners in This is used to control fox and wild securing and rehabilitating habitat for dog numbers. unfortunately, female the quolls. The plantation owners have and juvenile spot-tailed quolls can also agreed to convert 15 gullies, currently be susceptible to the poison. it is vital bare and about to be planted to pine, that when 1080 baits are used, best to quoll habitat which will provide practice management guidelines are corridors of native vegetation for the employed in order to keep impacts to quolls to move through safely. native species to a minimum. reference Edgar r. and Belcher C. (1995). Spotted tailed Quoll (pp. 67 8) in Strahan, r. (ed.), The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Angus & robertson, Sydney.
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