"Municipal Solid Waste Management For Sustainable Development "
ISSN 1329-7759 RSWA Proceedings JUNE 2004 ATTENTION LIBRARIANS: This publication should be catalogued under "Proceedings of the Royal Society of Western Australia" General Meeting 8:00pm, Monday 21st June 2004 Royal Society of Western Australia Ordinary Meeting Kings Park Administration Building Off Fraser Ave., Kings Park Municipal Solid Waste Management For Sustainable Development: Principles and Policy Instruments Dr. R. Sathiendrakumar Senior Lecturer in Economics and program leader in Economics with the Centre for Organic Waste Management (COWM), Murdoch University. The presentation by Dr Sathiendrakumar is the third and final talk on the theme of waste management. In his talk, Dr Sathiendrakumar. will demonstrate how waste reduction is consistent with the principle of sustainable development. Currently, there are two basic problems with the disposal of municipal solid waste. The first is that the opportunity cost of land used as landfills is not very low and is rising. The second is the NIMBY syndrome (not in my backyard). Even if the opportunity cost of landfill is small, the NIMBY syndrome will make the use of landfills an unattractive option due to the increased transportation cost. This presentation identifies various mixes of economic policy instruments that may be available to manage the disposal of municipal waste, and uses a ‘cubic’ model to evaluate these various policy instruments. Dr Sathiendrakumar then will illustrate how using a mix of policy instruments might bring about efficiency in waste minimisation . Dr. R. Sathiendrakumar is a Senior Lecturer in Economics and program leader in Economics with the Centre for Organic Waste Management (COWM) at Murdoch University. He was the recipient of the British Council Scholarship to undertake his Masters Degree in Economics at the University of Manchester. He was also the recipient of the University of Newcastle PhD scholarship to undertake his PhD research in Economics. His research interests are in Environmental Economics, Resource Economics, Microeconomics and Tourism Economics. He has published widely in refereed national and international Journals, and contributed chapters to some of the books written in his areas of his research interest. He has held visiting fellowships at the National University of Singapore, the University of Dundee, the University of Strathclyde, the University of Birmingham and the University of South Pacific in Fiji. Members, guests and visitors welcome http://www.ecu.edu.au/pa/rswa This issue of the RSWA Proceedings was edited by Margaret Brocx firstname.lastname@example.org 1 May Guest Speaker waste is poor, though a new web based waste Roles and Functions of the State Waste tracking system has been introduced, but it is Management Board inferred that the volume of waste produced is Noel Davies, dropping. The problem is that there is too little Inaugural chair, Waste Management Board. hazardous waste to ensure proper management. WA’s isolation also has contributed to it At the Ordinary Meeting of the Royal Society adopting self-reliancy to solving waste of Western Australia on May 17th, with 12 problems, developing some different policy members and guest attending, Noel Davies, settings and administrative structures to other presented a talk on the “Roles and Functions of States, experiencing a greater difficulty in the State Waste Management Board”. The developing solutions for the management of presentation covered the background to Waste hazardous and problematic wastes, being more Management in WA, some detail on WA’s advanced in providing effective kerbside Waste Streams, the roles and responsibility for recycling collections (even though there has Waste Management, presenting details of the been very little reduction in organic waste to new strategic policy positions being developed landfill over the six years that reducing waste to in a Strategic Plan for Waste Management in landfill has been a priority), being further WA (due for release in July/August 2004). advanced with the establishment of Secondary Treatment Systems for municipal waste, While waste management in WA was a first achieving a comparable standard of operation in order social-political issue, its rating in relation landfills, lagging other States in secondary to its overall environmental impact is low. This treatment of C&D waste, lagging in the is because WA is unique in terms of waste maturity of policy and practice in relation to management in that, although it comprises a management hazardous waste, and being the large land area, there is a heavy concentration only State with an effective disposal site for of population and waste in Perth (some 70%), it intractable waste. is remote from other population centres, and has a small industrial base. From a historical perspective, waste management in WA has traditionally focused on health rather than environment, and controlled by Local Government rather than private industry. Some milestones in waste management are as follows: in 1998 the Government introduced a levy on Waste; in 2000/2001 the then Liberal Government commissioned WASTE 2020 (as a blue print to Recent events and community-based issues guide Waste Management Policy in the vision associated with waste management include the “Towards Zero Waste”; and in 2002 the Waste Bellevue Fire, the Brookdale Treatment Plant. the Management Board was established to Omex Site Cleanup, the Gosnells SWERF, the implement recommendations of Waste 2020. Carmel Explosion, and the Alcoa/Worsley Multiple chemical Sensitivity. The common thread here In relation to Hazardous and Liquid Waste, WA involves issues of toxicity, the hazardous nature of has relatively small volumes of liquid waste, the materials, fear related to health issues, and small quantities of ‘hazardous waste’, and mistrust, and that the Government and/or proponent much larger volumes of contaminated soils. currently are on the defensive. However, the quality of data on hazardous 2 The responsibility for Waste Management in resource recovery, and waste will be segregated WA, lies with Department of Environment, and sorted at source in a manner that optimises with the newly formed Waste Management resource recovery. Other expected outcomes are Board being responsible for advising the that products will no longer contain hazardous Minister on waste management policy, components (reducing the range of options administering the Waste Management and available for recovery of resources from waste Recycling Fund, and providing leadership and streams), no waste streams will be directed for direction to the Waste Management Industry. final disposal without sorting and/or treatment Local Government is responsible for both to recover resources, a comprehensive and delivery of waste management services and diverse range of sustainable treatment facilities regulation of waste collection under the Health will exist to treat and recover resources Act. It also plays a significant role in policy wherever feasible from all waste streams development. Industry tends to act as a (including Municipal, Commercial and collector and disposer of waste. In this context, industrial, Inert, Hazardous and Intractable), the community needs to be informed about its environmentally acceptable storage or disposal consumption practices and accept that it is facilities will store or dispose of all residual ultimately equally responsible for the waste that wastes that currently cannot be re-used or produced. However, it was suggested that the recycled, that the community be well informed steps from here should also include re- in relation to waste management and has direct establishing trust between Government, access to and involvement in waste Community and Industry, agreeing on management regulation and policy, and that Principles and Policy, developing and agreeing there will be a comprehensive regulatory on a Shared Strategic vision, and developing a framework for waste management that is open plan to achieve that vision. In this context, the to the community and effective in ensuring the Waste Management Board is developing a environment and health is safeguarded. The Strategic Plan, developing a Business Plan and implications for Industry are that those that a 3C Program on Hazardous Waste, reviewing produce large quantities of waste or hazardous the Levy and Fund including Grant Scheme, wastes will find it difficult to do so in the revising the Waste Management Bill, and future, and there will be pressure on developing a State Education Strategy. The manufacturers to design for sustainability Strategic Plan is to be released July/August this (repair, reuse, recycle and avoidance of waste year; this will outline the Board’s vision of during manufacture). Waste management in the Year 2020. The recent draft Bill on Waste Management was Strategic principles for Waster Management described as being “merely a consolidation of include, Waste Management Hierarchy, existing legislation”, and that in contrast the Waste Industrial Ecology – Sustainability, Product Management Board wanted a modern, coherent act Life Cycle Management, and Environmental with modern legislative Tools such as Extended Justice. Some of the outcomes of the Strategic Producer Responsibility, Product Stewardship, Plan would be that manufacturing and other powers to impose levies and product bans). industrial processes will be operated in a sustainable manner which minimises the The talk ended on discussion on future quantity of wastes produced, products and directions where Noel envisioned that Waste services sold in WA will be designed and/or Management in WA would be driven by an packaged to minimize waste production and emphasis on, treatment, and recycling, in facilitate recovery or re-use of wastes that are preference to disposal, community produced, residual waste streams that are participation, educational programs, a reliance produced will be continuously assessed and on Product Stewardship, and intergenerational analysed and actions taken to achieve enhanced equity. 3 MSc, MA or PhD Graduate Abstracts The RSNSW wishes to provide a medium for the wider dissemination of the work performed at the M.SC./M.A., and PhD. Levels. Therefore the Council of the Society is willing to publish such abstracts (maximum 500 words) on application by the author or supervisor. From The Edgeworth David Medal 2004 the beginning of 2004, copies of Abstracts Clarke Medal 2004 published in the Journal will be placed on the Walter Burfitt Prize 2004 RSNSW web site MSc, MA or PhD Graduates Abstracts For addition information on how to apply these The Royal Society of New South Wales is awards: calling for nominations for the following Email email@example.com Awards, Prizes and Abstracts. Web page http://nsw.royalsoc.org.au The Edgeworth David Medal is awarded for RSWA Election of Office Bearers distinguished contributions by a young The Constitution of the Royal Society of scientist. The conditions of the Award are: Western Australia makes provision for the following positions on Council: President, two (a) the recipient must be under the age of Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, three Secretaries, thirty-five years at 1st January 2004; Librarian, Editor, Journal Manager, Immediate (b) the Award will be for work done Past President and seven Ordinary or Honorary mainly in Australia or its territories; or members, a total of 18. Council in recent years contributing to the advancement of has asked Council members to accept additional Australian Science. roles not specifically stated in the Constitution, these are: Publicity Officer, Postgraduate The Clarke Medal, established in memory of Students Representative and Web-site Manager. the Reverend William Branwhite Clarke, M.A., Sixteen existing Councillors have indicated that FRS, FGS, Vice President of the RSNSW they will continue on Council, a few indicating 1866-1878, is considered of award annually for they wish to change their roles (see below). distinguished work in natural science done in, Council is seeking at least two additional or on, the Australian Commonwealth and its members in 2004/05, and has in the past co- Territories. This year’s ward is in the field of opted others that have shown a willingness to geology in all aspects, and nominations are become involved. called for the names of suitable persons who have contributed significantly to the science of Members can be elected to Council by being geology. nominated, seconded and signifying their willingness to accept office if elected at an The Walter Burfitt Prize is awarded at Ordinary General Meeting not less than one intervals of three years to the worker in pure or month before the AGM; or by lodging a written applied science, resident in Australia or New nomination, seconded and containing a Zealand, whose papers and other contributions statement indicating that the candidate will published during the past six years are deemed accept office if elected with the Returning of the highest scientific merit, account being Officer (Dr Phil. Withers), within seven days taken only of investigations described for the after the Ordinary or General Meeting that first time, and carried out by the author mainly precedes the AGM. in these countries. 4 It is proposed that the following members will be nominated for Council at the June Ordinary General Meeting. If you are interested in becoming a member of Council please submit a nomination as soon as possible. Members proposing to stand for Positions Members elected in 2003/04 for 2 the following positions on years Council 2004/05 President Dr Graham Thompson Dr Alex Bevan Senior Vice President Dr Alex Bevan Dr Colin Walker Junior Vice President Dr Phil O’Brien Immediate Past President Dr Jamie O’Shea Dr Graham Thompson Meeting Secretary Dr Colin Walker Proceedings Secretary Ms Margaret Brocx Ms Margaret Brocx Membership Secretary Ms Marilyn Bennett-Chambers Ms Marilyn Bennett-Chambers Treasurer Dr Philip O’Brien Dr Phil O’Brien Editor Prof. Philip Withers Dr Kathy Meney Journal Manager Dr Jamie O’Shea Dr Jamie O’Shea Librarian Ms Margaret Triffitt Ms Margaret Triffitt Publicity Officer Dr Vic Semeniuk Dr Vic Semeniuk Postgraduate Students Mr Graham Fulton Mr Paul Drake Representatives Mr Paul Drake Ms Leah Delfs Ms Leah Delfs Web site Manager Mr Robert Davis Dr Robert Hough Councillors Dr Robert Hough Dr Lyne Milne Dr Lyne Milne Dr Alan Pearce Dr Alan Pearce Dr Will Stock Dr Kathy Meney • Premier’s Prize for Excellence in Science Premier’s Science Education: Tertiary - $5,000 Awards 2004 • Premier’s Prize for Excellence in Science As part of the State Education: Secondary - $5,000 Government's $100 • Premier’s Prize for Excellence in Science million commitment to Education: Primary - $5,000 research and investment in science, nominations are now open for the Nominations close Friday 5.00pm on 20 August 2004 Premier's Science Awards. 2004. Western Australia is home to a thriving Information about the Awards is available on research community and leads the world in the Premier’s Science Council website several key areas of science including www.sciencecouncil.dpc.wa.gov.au or by agriculture, resources and medical research. Yet contacting the Office of Science and Innovation few of our scientists are known and celebrated on (08) 9222 8885. publicly. This is our opportunity to recognise their contribution to our State. The Award The prizes will be presented by the Premier at categories for 2004 are: Scitech Discovery Centre on 22 October 2004. • Premier’s Prize for Achievement in Science This is a joint project between the Office of - $10, 000 Science and Innovation and Scitech Discovery Centre with the support of the Premier’s • Premier’s Prize for Early Career Science Council. Achievement in Science - $5, 000 5 Conservation Council of WA Inc Presents Environment Matters June 2004 The Conservation Estate in Western Australia Today Guest Speakers Associate Professor John Bailey (Chairman, Conservation Commission) - Conservation Commission of WA: Policy, Management Planning and Auditing Mr Cameron Poustie (Biodiversity Officer, Conservation Council of WA) - Barrow Island: Access to the Conservation Estate – Will industry continue to push the Barrow? Mr Graeme Rundle (WA National Parks and Reserves Association) Date: Thursday 24 June 2004 Time: 7:30 pm Venue: City West Lotteries House Conference Room, 2 Delhi St, West Perth Cost: FREE Light supper provided RSVP: 9420 7266 or firstname.lastname@example.org