In collaboration with by liwenting


									An introduction to business and human
 rights and the United Nations Global
   Compact human rights principles
             International Human Rights Day 2009
  Webinar, 10 December 2009, 10:00 – 11:30 am, New York time

                         Presented By

                   In collaboration with
                      Instructions during the webinar

• If you haven’t already done so, please mute your line (To mute/unmute your line, press

Muting your line when you are not speaking will help keep background noise to a minimum.

• Please hold questions/comments until the interactive part of the webinar (ie. 11:10 am
NY time)

This will ensure we get through the full agenda in the time available.

• Click “raise hand” to indicate that you want to speak

During the interactive part of today’s webinar, click “Raise Hand” on the top left hand side of
your screen. The moderator will then call on participants in the order in which they raised
their hand.

NB. We are making an audio recording of the presentations. The recording and slides will be
available for download from the UNGC website after the webinar.
Webinar Hosts
•   10:00 to 10:05
     –   Welcome, instructions for the webinar,        •   11:00 to 11:10
         and introduction of series hosts                   – Introduction of the tools/guidance
•   10:05 to 10:10                                           Overview document summarizing some
                                                                key business and human rights tools
     –   Agenda for the call
                                                            ***Future webinars will address in more
                                                                detail specific business and human
•   10:10 to 10:20                                              rights guidance materials
     –   The case for Business and Human Rights
        The importance of the topic                   •   11:10 to 11:25
        The right thing to do and good for business        – Q & A and comments, including any
                                                                feedback on areas and tools/guidance
•   10:20 to 10:50                                              materials that participants would like to
     –   The UNGC human rights principles                       see covered in future webinars.
        Respect and support human rights
        Avoid complicity in human rights abuse        •   11:25 to 11:30
                                                            – Wrap up
•   10:50 to 11:00
     –   The Special Representative of the
         Secretary-General on Business and Human
        Introduction and Recent Developments
        Consultation
                            An introduction to
                            business and human
                            rights and the United
Business and Human Rights   Nations Global
                            Compact human rights
Business Relevance:
 •    Societal expectation that companies:
     – Respect all human rights, meaning
             No violations committed by companies
             Avoiding complicity

     –       Fill the “governance gap”
             Business operating in states with weak rule of
Business Relevance
•    There is a strong business case:
    – Mitigating legal risk
    – Mitigating reputational risk
    – Engaged and productive employees
    – Improved operating environment
    – Mitigating protests against company facilities and
    – Access to capital: divestment and delisting decisions
      of investment funds.
The Human Rights Principles of the Global Compact

        Respect and Support for Human Rights (Principle 1)
        Businesses should support and respect the protection of international human rights

        Avoiding Complicity (Principle 2)
        Businesses should make sure they are not complicit in human rights abuses

    Respecting Human Rights

 To respect human rights means not to infringe on
 human rights i.e. not to have negative impacts on
 the enjoyment of human rights.

To identify risks of negative human rights impacts,
(1) the context in which the company is operating;
(2) its activities;
(3) and relationships.
Which human rights should business respect?

• Those contained in International Bill of
  Human Rights and core ILO Conventions.
• Business should not infringe on any human
• Give consideration to actual and potential
  negative impacts on any and all rights, but
  some actual or potential impacts will
  require more consideration.
How can a company make sure that it respects
              human rights?

        Undertake due diligence!

  What is human rights due diligence?

Human rights due diligence =
ongoing process taken to identify, prevent
and mitigate negative human rights

   What are the elements of a due
        diligence process?
“A Human Rights Management Framework”

Some especially important elements:
• Adopt a human rights policy (integrated or stand-alone)
• Assessing impacts
• Integration of human rights policies throughout a company (including
  leadership from the top, training, building capacity to respond
  appropriately when unforeseen situations arise)
• Tracking performance (monitoring and auditing processes), hotlines
• Communication on progress

     Supporting human rights

  Businesses may have capability and
  desire to also support and promote human
  rights within their sphere of influence
• to be socially responsible and
• because of the business case

Sphere of influence

         Avoiding complicity
 Complicity in human rights abuses

     where a corporation knowingly provides
 practical assistance, encouragement or moral
 support that has a substantial effect on the
 perpetration of the abuse.

= Idea that company contributes in some way to
  the human rights abuses committed by another

          Elements of complicity

   Complicity is made up of the following two

1. An act or omission (failure to act) that helps
   (i.e. facilitates, legitimizes, assists, encourages
   etc) another in some way to abuse human
2. Knowledge by the company that its action or
   omission could provide such help
             Types of complicity
     Three situations illustrate how allegations of corporate
     complicity may arise:

1.   Direct complicity – When a company provides goods or
     services that it knows will be used to carry out the
2.   Beneficial complicity – When a company benefits from
     human rights abuses even if it did not positively assist
     or cause them.
3.   Silent complicity – When the company is silent or
     inactive in the face of systematic or continuous human
     rights abuse. (This is the most controversial type of
 U.N Special Representative of the
Secretary-General for business and
           human rights
 By Christine Bader, Advisor to the Special Representative

         Introduction and Recent Developments
• John Ruggie appointed UN Secretary-
General’s Special Representative for
business & human rights in 2005

• Appointment followed Human Rights
Council’s dismissal of the “draft Norms”

• Ruggie asked to “identify and clarify
standards of corporate responsibility”
with respect to human rights, including
the role of governments
     Ruggie’s work to date
• Extensive consultations, research, and outreach

• In 2008, presented “Protect, Respect, Remedy”

• Framework welcomed by the Human Rights

• New three-year mandate to develop more
specific, practical guidance

• Term ends in 2011
The U.N. “Protect, Respect,
   Remedy” framework
• The State duty to protect against human
rights abuses by third parties, including

• The corporate responsibility to respect
human rights

• Greater access to remedy for victims of
corporate-related abuse, judicial and non-
 Online consultation

• Now through February 2010
• Please join!
For more information
• John Ruggie’s web portal is hosted by
  the independent non-profit Business &
  Human Rights Resource Centre

      Introduction to Business and Human Rights
            Tools and Guidance Materials
Getting Started
                       Guide for Integrating   Business and Human Rights
   A Human Rights
                        Human Rights into           Resource Centre
Management Framework

     Human Rights
Identifying and Prioritizing Human
Rights Concerns

              Human Rights Matrix -
              BLIHR/Global Business Initiative
              on Human Rights

              Danish Institute for Human
              Rights’ HRCA Quick Check and
              Human Rights Compliance
Finding or contributing Solutions to Specific
Business and Human Rights Dilemmas

          Human Rights Dilemmas Forum
Human Rights Policy Statements

     Business and Human Rights Resource Centre
HRIA Guidance and Integration into Existing
Impact Assessment Methodology

                        IBLF/IFC Guide to
                        Human Rights Impact Assessment
                        and Management

    Danish Institute Country
     Risk Assessment Portal

     Danish Institute Human
         Rights Compliance
Introducing/Strengthening existing
Grievance Mechanisms

        Rights-Compatible Grievance
        Mechanisms: A guidance tool
             for companies and their
Guidance on Reporting on Human
Rights Performance

         Practical Guide on Communication on Progress

         NEW!! Resource Guide to Corporate
         Human Rights Reporting
      Interactive component

Q & A and comments, including any feedback on
areas and tools/guidance materials that
participants would like to see covered in more
depth in future webinars in this series.


   Click “Raise Hand” (top left of your screen) to indicate
  your desire to speak.

   When the moderator says your name, press *6 to un-
  mute your telephone so you can be heard. After you
  have spoken, press *6 again to re-mute your telephone.
                     Thank You From Your Hosts…
                                                 The United Nations Global Compact brings business together with UN agencies, civil society and
                                                 governments to advance ten universal principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and
                                                 anti-corruption. It is the world’s largest voluntary corporate citizenship initiative.
                                                 Contact: Ursula Wynhoven ( or Lauren Gula (

                           The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is responsible to the UN Secretary-General for
                           encouraging the international community and nation States to uphold universal human rights standards. OHCHR seeks to work with
                           an ever wider range of actors, including the private sector, to promote respect for and commitment to human rights as widely as
                           Contact: Lene Wendland (

BSR works with its            The Human Rights and         The Global Business Initiative     The Institute for Human Rights     The International Business
global network of more        Business Project of the      on Human Rights provides a         and Business engages with          Leaders Forum provides
than 250 member               Danish Institute for         platform for companies from        the private and public sectors     strategic counsel to
companies to develop          Human Rights                 different industrial sectors       and civil society in all aspects   companies to enable them
sustainable business          conducts research and        across the world to show           of its work, providing analysis    to understand and respond
strategies and solutions      builds tools aimed at        leadership as well as providing    on key business and human          to the development
through consulting,           improving company            a supportive environment in        rights issues, as well as          challenges that they face,
research, and cross-          compliance with              which to learn how to respect      developing path-breaking           particularly when operating
sector collaboration.         international human          and support human rights and       research, consultative             in transition and emerging
                              rights standards.            integrate them into the            processes and policy               economies.
Website:http://www.bsr.                                    management of their business.      recommendations on select
org/consulting/services/      Website:                                                        key challenges in the field.       Website:
human-rights.cfm              http://www.humanrights       Website:
                              .dk/business                            Website:      Contact: Lucy Amis
Contact: Faris Natour                                                                                                            (
(             Contact: Rita Roca           Contact: Joanna Clark              Contact: Kate Timperley
                              (         (jo.clark@global-business-         (

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