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2009 Barley Variety Guide


2009 Barley Variety Guide

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  • pg 1
									     DEPARTMENT OF

                     2009 Barley Variety Guide
28th February 2009                                                                 Mary Raynes, Barley Industry Development Officer

 Malting                                                                germination. Flagship has modest straw strength with lodging
 Baudin       is an export malting variety released in 2004. Baudin     resistance similar to Schooner. Flagship is free threshing and
 is a mid season variety with improved grain size compared to           has good resistance to head loss, significantly better than
 Gairdner and superior grain plumpness in years with dry and hot        Schooner. Flagship closely matches the very good physical
 spring conditions. Baudin is more susceptible to leaf rust than        grain quality of Schooner and Sloop across southern Australia.
 Gairdner with superior grain plumpness in years with dry and hot       Flagship is an ideal export malting barley variety Seed is
 spring conditions. The variety is a shorter plant type than            available through PlantTech.
 Gairdner and less likely to lodge. Baudin is an alternative
 malting quality variety to Gairdner in 375-500mm rainfall              Franklin      A late maturing malting variety which is best
 districts but should not be grown in areas with greater than 500       suited to high rainfall areas, with a tendency to produce small
 mm annual average rainfall as it is very susceptible to the disease    grains with high screenings in a dry spring. Limited Franklin is
 scald. Seed is available from AWB Seeds.                               grown in Victoria; replaced by Gairdner and potentially
 Buloke      is an export malting barley variety with good grain
 size similar to Sloop Vic. Buloke has best adaptation in those         Gairdner      A moderately late maturing, semi-dwarf variety
 regions of southern Australia with 325mm-450mm annual                  with grain size inferior to all other malting varieties. Gairdner
 rainfall. Buloke has growth habits similar to Barque. Buloke is        has good head retention slightly inferior to Baudin. Although
 susceptible to cereal cyst nematode (CCN). In Victoria, Buloke         Gairdner is a semi-dwarf variety, it can be quite tall under
 flowers at approximately the same time as Schooner and about 3-        favourable conditions where it may lodge. In drier areas,
 4 days later than Sloop SA. Buloke is a few days later flowering       Gairdner should be sown in May as late sowing may result in
 than Schooner in central NSW. Buloke has reasonable straw              high screenings. The variety is inherently low in grain protein
 strength, similar to Gairdner, moderately good head retention,         (0.7% lower than Schooner) and appropriate nitrogen
 similar to Sloop VIC and is tolerant to pre harvest sprouting          management is essential to avoid excessively low protein
 similar to Gairdner. The average grain plumpness of Buloke is          levels. Gairdner is very susceptible to SFNB and growers
 similar or slightly inferior to Schooner but superior to Gairdner.     concerned about this disease should avoid this variety.
 Buloke is available through AWB Seeds.                                 Gairdner has good resistance to the net form of net blotch
                                                                        (NFNB) and powdery mildew, however, is very susceptible to
 Commander Malting status for Commander was confirmed in                scald. Gairdner is known for high screenings in a dry spring;
 February 2009. Commander is suited for both the domestic and           consequently this variety is not recommended to be grown in
 malting export markets and has demonstrated wide adaptation            areas with lower than 325mm annual rainfall. Seed is available
 across eastern Australia. Commander is recommended for                 through PlantTech.
 planting in south Australia and northern NSW barley growing            Schooner was released in 1983 and is a widely adapted, mid
 regions. Commander is a mid to late maturing variety adaptable         season variety with poor head retention. Schooner is
 for low, medium and high rainfalls, however early sowing is            susceptible to CCN, powdery mildew, leaf scald and
 required is sown in low rainfall areas. Commander is moderately        moderately susceptible to the SFNB and moderately resistant
 susceptible to spot form of net blotch (SFNB) and susceptible to       to NFNB. Schooner continues to be popular with the domestic
 Leaf Rust and Scald, and moderately resistant to net form of net       brewing industry and has a long-standing market in China.
 blotch (NFNB). Commander is available through ABB Seeds.               Schooner is soon to be outclassed by Buloke and Flagship.
 Fairview is a malting variety developed by Malteurop and is            Sloop is a malting variety of similar maturity to Schooner, with
 currently in commercial production in New Zealand. Fairview is         improved head retention, slightly plumper grain and slightly
 a semi dwarf variety with moderately late flowering time similar       improved yield. It has relatively poor leaf disease resistance
 to Gairdner. Seed was commercially grown in 2008 and will be           and seed should be treated with systemic seed treatments.
 commercially malted in 2009. Limited seed is available through         Sloop is soon to be outclassed by Buloke and Flagship in terms
 Malteurop, Geelong, Australia.                                         of malting types and by Hindmarsh as a feed variety. Formerly
                                                                        commercialised by PlantTech.
 Flagship is an export malt variety released in 2006 and is a
 tall, early to mid season maturity variety, similar in plant type to   Sloop SA is a moderately early maturing variety with excellent
 Schooner and Sloop. Flagship is resistant to CCN and                   grain size (like Sloop), providing good adaptation over a wide
 Pratylenchus neglectus. Flagship has excellent early vigour and        range of environments, especially in low rainfall environments.
 weed competitiveness but exhibits very severe symptoms of              Sloop SA is similar to Sloop in terms of early vigour, height,
 boron toxicity, especially in low rainfall years. Flagship is prone    harvestability and standability but has shown a greater
 to pre-harvest germination, potentially resulting in poor seed         tendency for head loss than Sloop. Area sown to SloopSA is
                                                                        decreasing, being replaced with Buloke and Flagship for
                                                                        export markets and Hindmarsh as feed barley. Formally
                                                                        commercialised by PlantTech.
Sloop Vic was released in 2002 and is a mid-season maturing (4         Hindmarsh         is an early maturing semi-dwarf feed variety
days later than Sloop), CCN resistant malting quality variety          with exceptional yield potential especially in drier years. It has
with moderate boron tolerance. Sloop Vic matures later than            excellent head retention and lodging resistance. Hindmarsh is
Sloop SA and recommended for 350mm+ rainfall environments.             CCN resistant and is rated as moderately resistant to leaf scald,
Sloop Vic is best suited to the southern Mallee and northern           moderately susceptible to leaf rust and susceptible to the
Wimmera regions where a CCN resistant malting quality variety          SFNB. Hindmarsh has approximately the same maturity as
is required. In drier areas, Sloop Vic will be out classed in terms    Barque, being approximately 5 days earlier flowering than
of yield by Flagship and Buloke for export markets and                 Schooner and approximately 4 days later flowering than Keel.
outclassed by Hindmarsh for the feed barley industry. Formally         Hindmarsh is free threshing and has good resistance to head
commercialised by PlantTech.                                           loss, significantly better than Schooner. Hindmarsh entered the
                                                                       first of a two phase process for malting accreditation in 2008
Vlamingh is a malting barley variety that was released from            and is under review of the Malting and Brewing Industry
Western Australia in 2006. Vlamingh is a high yielding export          Technical Committee (MBIBTC). Seed is available through
malting variety in WA with a grain shape between Schooner and          AWB Seeds.
Stirling. In Victoria, the expected levels of screenings are similar
to Schooner and lower than Baudin and Gairdner. Vlamigh has            Maritime       is an early maturing, moderately tall, CCN
improved disease resistance to scald, NFNB and barley leaf rust        resistant feed variety with excellent tolerance to manganese
compared to Baudin. Vlamingh is susceptible to powdery                 deficiency, such as is found on the lower Yorke Peninsula
mildew. Vlamingh’s area of adaptation is in the medium to high         region of South Australia. In areas without chronic manganese
rainfall regions of WA. Overall, yields have been lower than           deficiency, yields of Maritime are similar to Barque and Keel.
competitor varieties in SA and Vic however Vlamingh shows              Test weights of Maritime are superior to Barque and Keel.
more promise in NSW. Seed is available from COGGO seeds.               Maritime is an alternative to Barque and Keel, especially in
                                                                       areas with low soil manganese or where there is difficulty in
                                                                       obtaining high test weights. Maritime performs well on sandy
Barque A high yielding feed variety, best suited for low to
                                                                       soils compared to Keel. Maritime has a larger grain plumpness
medium rainfall areas. Barque is CCN resistant. Along with
                                                                       compared to Hindmarsh, Keel and Fleet. Seed is available
Keel, Barque has the best resistance to the SFNB amongst
                                                                       from ABB Seeds.
current barley varieties. Barque has vigorous early growth, is
comparatively taller at harvest and is similar with relatively weak    Tantangara High yielding feed variety, short strong straw,
straw to Maratime. Barque is considered a good weed competitor         susceptible to barley grass stripe rust. Best suited to lower New
with lower average test weight than other feed varieties. Keel is a    South Wales regions. Seed available from ABB Seeds.
replacement for Barque.
                                                                       Tulla      was released in 2003 and is an acid tolerant, semi-
Capstan      A high yielding feed variety that is a mid to late        dwarf feed variety which has good straw strength and is
maturing variety. Capstan has excellent grain yield potential,         moderately resistant to the SFNB and moderately susceptible
broad adaptation and is resistant to CCN while being susceptible       to NFNB. Very susceptible to powdery mildew. Early May-
to leaf scald, moderately resistant to powdery mildew and              mid June sowing. Limited Tulla is sown in Victoria. Seed
NFNB. Capstan has short, stiff straw with excellent head               available from Waratah Seeds.
retention and would be suitable for growers targeting very high
potential yields. It is most suited to medium to high rainfall areas   Unicorn was introduced into WA from Japan through a joint
as Capstan has very short plant height and a tendency for lower        project between Kirin Australia and University of Western
test weights will preclude if from drier environments. Seed is         Australia in 1998. An extremely early maturing variety with
available through ABB Seeds.                                           CCN resistance. Not recommend for Victoria. Seed is
                                                                       available from PlantTech.
Cowabbie was released in 2004, and has a short straw length            Urambie (WB234)        was released from New South Wales in
with good strength. Cowabbie is very susceptible to the NFNB,          2005. Urambie offers an alternative feed grain cultivar
susceptible to the SFNB, moderately resistant to powdery               comparable in yield to Binalong in the north. Not
mildew and leaf scald. Limited area is sown to Cowabbie in             recommended for Victoria.
Victoria. Seed is available from PlantTech.
                                                                       Yambla An acid soils-tolerant, semi dwarf feed barley suited
Fleet      was released in 2006 and is a feed quality barley           to earlier sowings. Yambla is taller than Tantangara and has
developed as a replacement for Barque and Mundah and an                higher grain yields than Yerong in grazed and ungrazed trials.
alternative to Keel. Fleet has similar phenology to Barque and
similar adaptation as Mundah in deep sandy soils. Fleet is             Yarra       has greater grain plumpness compared to Gairdner.
resistant to CCN and moderately resistant to SFNB. Fleet has an        Yarra has similar CCN resistance to Barque. Yarra has equal to
improved physical grain quality compared to Keel and Barque.           or higher hect-litre weight compared to all other feed varieties
Seed is available through ABB Seeds.                                   and 0.5% lower grain protein levels than Schooner and Barque.
                                                                       Yarra has a prostrate early growth habit and moderately late
Keel is a high yielding, early maturing feed-quality barley. It        maturing, similar to Capstan. Yarra is best adapted in regions
is resistant to CCN and moderately resistant to the SFNB and           with 375mm – 450mm annual rainfall and particularly well
NFNB, while being very susceptible to leaf rust. Keel is a shorter     suited to the Yorke and Lower Eyre Peninsula regions of South
plant type compared to Barque. Keel has good head retention and        Australia. Seed available from ABB Seeds.
is easier to thresh than Barque. This variety is not suitable for
sandy soils where Barque is preferred. Keel performs best on           Barley variety description continue on page 4.
heavy soils and is relatively drought tolerant. It is best suited to
low rainfall environments.
Table 1. Suitability of varieties to Victorian cropping regions.
                  Variety          Quality                 Low Rainfall   Medium Rainfall   High Rainfall
                                                            (<350 mm)      (350-450 mm)      (>450 mm)
                  Baudin                  Malting                               √
                  Buloke                  Malting                √              √
                  Commander             Malting                                 √                √
                  Flagship              Malting                √                √
                  Franklin              Malting                                                  √
                  Gairdner              Malting                                 √                √
                  Quasar                Malting                                 √                √
                  Schooner              Malting                √                √
                  Sloop                 Malting                √                √
                  SloopSA               Malting                √
                  SloopVic              Malting                                 √
                  Vlamingh              Malting                                 √
                  Barque                  Feed                 √                √
                  Capstan                 Feed                                  √                √
                  Cowabbie                Feed                 √                √
                  Fleet                   Feed                 √                √
                  Hindmarsh               Feed                 √                √
                  Keel                    Feed                 √                √
                  Maritime                Feed                 √                √
                  Tulla                   Feed                                  √
                  Unicorn                 Feed                 √
                  Urambie                 Feed                 √
                  Yarra                   Feed                                  √                √

Table 2. State long term (2000-2008) predicted average yield performance data expressed as a percentage of Schooner
(Mallee) and Gairdner and number of site years on which average is based is in brackets.
                                                         Main Season                                Long
                                  Mallee      Wimmera        North       North         South       South
                                                            Central        East         West        West
                 Gairdner t/ha                    2.72         2.92        4.08          2.17        5.46
                Schooner t/ha       2.38
                Baudin            101(52)       101(31)       99(13)      98(9)         90(6)       94(14)
                Buloke            110(46)       104(25)      104(11)      101(8)       102(5)          *
                Commander         111(45)       106(25)      105(11)      105(8)       103(5)       102(9)
                Flagship          102(39)        97(20)       96(11)      94(7)         90(4)       88(3)
                Franklin           85(45)       86(38)       89(15)      90(14)        85(10)      92(26)
                Gairdner          100(68)       100(41)      100(15)     100(14)      100(11)      100(26)
                Quaser                           95(16)       96(6)       98(3)            *           *
                Schooner          100(70)        92(41)       93(15)      90(14)       87(11)          *
                Sloop             101(55)        94(35)       96(9)       93(11)       91(10)          *
                Vlamingh          101(22)        98(9)        100(4)         *             *        93(15)
                Barque            109(70)       101(41)       101(9)      99(11)       96(10)          *
                Capstan           109(22)       107(25)      102(11)     103(8)         98(5)      104(15)
                Fleet             113(23)       109(10)       109(6)      105(3)           *        100(3)
                Hindmarsh         121(23)       115(12)       111(6)      105(4)       106(3)          *
                Keel              113(66)       109(37)      103(15)      99(14)        93(9)          *
                Maritime          108(30)       101(15)          *           *             *       92(11)
                Tantangara        103(21)       104(15)       99(4)       100(6)        95(4)       99(5)
                Yarra             108(53)       103(31)      101(13)     101(11)        99(5)       95(6)
      Table 3. Disease reaction of selected barley varieties.
                     Leaf scald          Net             Powdery        Leaf      BYDV            Cereal                 Root lesion Nematode                 Barley
                                        blotch            mildew        rust                  cyst nematode          P.neglectus        P.thornei             grass
                                    Spot      Net                                              Res     Tol           Res      Tol      Res     Tol            stripe
     Baudin      S-VS                S        MS           S-VS         VS          MR          S          T        -            -        -     -               R
     Buloke       MS               MS-S       MR            MR         MS-S         S*          S          T        -            -        -     -               R
     Commander     S               MS-S      MR-MS        MR-MS          S           S          R          T        -            -        -   T-MT              R
     Flagship     MS                MS       MR-MS          MS         MS-S          S          R          T       MR            -      MR-MS   T               R
     Gairdner    S-VS              S-VS      MR-MS          MR         MS-S         MR          S          T       MR           MT      MR-MS   I               R
     Schooner     MS               MS-S      MR-MS          VS         S-VS          S          S          T      MR-MS         MT        R    MT               R
     Sloop         S                 S       MR-MS          VS         S-VS          S          S          T       MS           T        MR     T               R
     SloopSA       S                 S        MR            VS           S           S          R          T       MS           MT        R     -               R
     SloopVic      S               MS-S       MR          MR-MS         MS           S          R          T       MS           MT        R     -               R
     Vlamingh   MR-MS              MS-S       MR             S           S          MS          S          T        -            -        -     -               R
     Barque       VS   MR     MS   MR-MS MS-S                                       S           R          T       MR           MT         MR        MT        MR
     Capstan       S   MS-S MR-MS    MR   MS-S                                      S           R          T       MR           T           -         -        MR
     Cowabbie     MR    S     VS    MS*    S                                        -           S          T        -            -          -      MR-MI       MR
     Fleet      MR-MS MR-MS MR-MS    MR    MS                                       S           R          T        -            -          -        MT        R
     Hindmarsh    MR    S   MR-MS    MS    MS                                       S           R          T        -            -          -         -        R
     Keel         MS   MR    MR#     MS    VS                                       S           R          T       MR           T          MR         -        MS
     Maritime      S   MS    MR       S    MS                                       S           R          T       MR           T           -         -         S
     Mundah*     S-VS MS-S* MR-MS   MS*    S                                        S           S          T      MR-MS          -          -         -        R
     Unicorn*      S    S*  MS-MR*  MR*    S                                       MR*          S          T*       -            -          -         -         -
     Urambie*      R   MS*    R    MS-MR   R                                       MS*          -           -       -            -          -         -        R
     Tantangara MR-MS S-VS    MS     VS  MR-MS                                      S           S          T        -            -          -       T-MT        S
     Tulla*        -   MR      -      -     -                                       -           -           -       -            -          -         -         -
     Yarra       S-VS  MS-S MR-MS   S-VS   R                                        S           R          T        -            -                    -        R
     Torrens*   MR-MS  MS   MR-MS MR-MS    S                                         S          R          T         MR          -         R*          -        R
         Source: Cereal Disease Guide 2009, Grant Hollaway.
         Disease resistance;
         R = resistant          MR = moderately resistant          MS = moderately susceptible,                 S = susceptible,      VS = very susceptible
         T = tolerant           MT = moderately tolerant           MI = moderately intolerant                   I = intolerant
         # Varieties marked may no longer be resistant due to the occurrence of new races making these varieties susceptible.
         * These ratings are less reliable and should be treated with caution.          ? = disease status yet to be confirmed for Victoria.

Continued….                                                                               Southern Breeding Program VB0432
Potential barley varieties to be released from the                                        Western Breeding Program WABAR2315
Southern Breeding Program                                                                 Northern Breeding Programs ND19119-5
WI4262 is best suited to the high rainfall environments.
WI4262 is moderately resistant to Scald and NFNB, moderately
susceptible to SFNB and Resistant to Powdery Mildew. WI4262                                       Plant Breeders Rights (PBR)
is currently under review of the Malting and Brewing Industry
Barley Technical Committee (MBIBTC).

 For further information:                            Refer to the “Victorian Winter Crop Summary 2009”, or
                                             Go to Agnotes: www.dpi.vic.gov.au/notes (click on Crops and Pastures, Cereals)

David Moody, Senior Research Scientist, DPI Horsham                                      Dr Grant Hollaway, Senior Cereal Pathologist, DPI Horsham
Geoff Stratford, Grains Industry Officer, DPI Horsham                                    Alan Bedggood, National Variety Trials, Horsham

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