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2009 Barley Variety Guide
DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES 2009 Barley Variety Guide Updated 28th February 2009 Mary Raynes, Barley Industry Development Officer Malting germination. Flagship has modest straw strength with lodging Baudin is an export malting variety released in 2004. Baudin resistance similar to Schooner. Flagship is free threshing and is a mid season variety with improved grain size compared to has good resistance to head loss, significantly better than Gairdner and superior grain plumpness in years with dry and hot Schooner. Flagship closely matches the very good physical spring conditions. Baudin is more susceptible to leaf rust than grain quality of Schooner and Sloop across southern Australia. Gairdner with superior grain plumpness in years with dry and hot Flagship is an ideal export malting barley variety Seed is spring conditions. The variety is a shorter plant type than available through PlantTech. Gairdner and less likely to lodge. Baudin is an alternative malting quality variety to Gairdner in 375-500mm rainfall Franklin A late maturing malting variety which is best districts but should not be grown in areas with greater than 500 suited to high rainfall areas, with a tendency to produce small mm annual average rainfall as it is very susceptible to the disease grains with high screenings in a dry spring. Limited Franklin is scald. Seed is available from AWB Seeds. grown in Victoria; replaced by Gairdner and potentially Commander. Buloke is an export malting barley variety with good grain size similar to Sloop Vic. Buloke has best adaptation in those Gairdner A moderately late maturing, semi-dwarf variety regions of southern Australia with 325mm-450mm annual with grain size inferior to all other malting varieties. Gairdner rainfall. Buloke has growth habits similar to Barque. Buloke is has good head retention slightly inferior to Baudin. Although susceptible to cereal cyst nematode (CCN). In Victoria, Buloke Gairdner is a semi-dwarf variety, it can be quite tall under flowers at approximately the same time as Schooner and about 3- favourable conditions where it may lodge. In drier areas, 4 days later than Sloop SA. Buloke is a few days later flowering Gairdner should be sown in May as late sowing may result in than Schooner in central NSW. Buloke has reasonable straw high screenings. The variety is inherently low in grain protein strength, similar to Gairdner, moderately good head retention, (0.7% lower than Schooner) and appropriate nitrogen similar to Sloop VIC and is tolerant to pre harvest sprouting management is essential to avoid excessively low protein similar to Gairdner. The average grain plumpness of Buloke is levels. Gairdner is very susceptible to SFNB and growers similar or slightly inferior to Schooner but superior to Gairdner. concerned about this disease should avoid this variety. Buloke is available through AWB Seeds. Gairdner has good resistance to the net form of net blotch (NFNB) and powdery mildew, however, is very susceptible to Commander Malting status for Commander was confirmed in scald. Gairdner is known for high screenings in a dry spring; February 2009. Commander is suited for both the domestic and consequently this variety is not recommended to be grown in malting export markets and has demonstrated wide adaptation areas with lower than 325mm annual rainfall. Seed is available across eastern Australia. Commander is recommended for through PlantTech. planting in south Australia and northern NSW barley growing Schooner was released in 1983 and is a widely adapted, mid regions. Commander is a mid to late maturing variety adaptable season variety with poor head retention. Schooner is for low, medium and high rainfalls, however early sowing is susceptible to CCN, powdery mildew, leaf scald and required is sown in low rainfall areas. Commander is moderately moderately susceptible to the SFNB and moderately resistant susceptible to spot form of net blotch (SFNB) and susceptible to to NFNB. Schooner continues to be popular with the domestic Leaf Rust and Scald, and moderately resistant to net form of net brewing industry and has a long-standing market in China. blotch (NFNB). Commander is available through ABB Seeds. Schooner is soon to be outclassed by Buloke and Flagship. Fairview is a malting variety developed by Malteurop and is Sloop is a malting variety of similar maturity to Schooner, with currently in commercial production in New Zealand. Fairview is improved head retention, slightly plumper grain and slightly a semi dwarf variety with moderately late flowering time similar improved yield. It has relatively poor leaf disease resistance to Gairdner. Seed was commercially grown in 2008 and will be and seed should be treated with systemic seed treatments. commercially malted in 2009. Limited seed is available through Sloop is soon to be outclassed by Buloke and Flagship in terms Malteurop, Geelong, Australia. of malting types and by Hindmarsh as a feed variety. Formerly commercialised by PlantTech. Flagship is an export malt variety released in 2006 and is a tall, early to mid season maturity variety, similar in plant type to Sloop SA is a moderately early maturing variety with excellent Schooner and Sloop. Flagship is resistant to CCN and grain size (like Sloop), providing good adaptation over a wide Pratylenchus neglectus. Flagship has excellent early vigour and range of environments, especially in low rainfall environments. weed competitiveness but exhibits very severe symptoms of Sloop SA is similar to Sloop in terms of early vigour, height, boron toxicity, especially in low rainfall years. Flagship is prone harvestability and standability but has shown a greater to pre-harvest germination, potentially resulting in poor seed tendency for head loss than Sloop. Area sown to SloopSA is decreasing, being replaced with Buloke and Flagship for export markets and Hindmarsh as feed barley. Formally commercialised by PlantTech. Sloop Vic was released in 2002 and is a mid-season maturing (4 Hindmarsh is an early maturing semi-dwarf feed variety days later than Sloop), CCN resistant malting quality variety with exceptional yield potential especially in drier years. It has with moderate boron tolerance. Sloop Vic matures later than excellent head retention and lodging resistance. Hindmarsh is Sloop SA and recommended for 350mm+ rainfall environments. CCN resistant and is rated as moderately resistant to leaf scald, Sloop Vic is best suited to the southern Mallee and northern moderately susceptible to leaf rust and susceptible to the Wimmera regions where a CCN resistant malting quality variety SFNB. Hindmarsh has approximately the same maturity as is required. In drier areas, Sloop Vic will be out classed in terms Barque, being approximately 5 days earlier flowering than of yield by Flagship and Buloke for export markets and Schooner and approximately 4 days later flowering than Keel. outclassed by Hindmarsh for the feed barley industry. Formally Hindmarsh is free threshing and has good resistance to head commercialised by PlantTech. loss, significantly better than Schooner. Hindmarsh entered the first of a two phase process for malting accreditation in 2008 Vlamingh is a malting barley variety that was released from and is under review of the Malting and Brewing Industry Western Australia in 2006. Vlamingh is a high yielding export Technical Committee (MBIBTC). Seed is available through malting variety in WA with a grain shape between Schooner and AWB Seeds. Stirling. In Victoria, the expected levels of screenings are similar to Schooner and lower than Baudin and Gairdner. Vlamigh has Maritime is an early maturing, moderately tall, CCN improved disease resistance to scald, NFNB and barley leaf rust resistant feed variety with excellent tolerance to manganese compared to Baudin. Vlamingh is susceptible to powdery deficiency, such as is found on the lower Yorke Peninsula mildew. Vlamingh’s area of adaptation is in the medium to high region of South Australia. In areas without chronic manganese rainfall regions of WA. Overall, yields have been lower than deficiency, yields of Maritime are similar to Barque and Keel. competitor varieties in SA and Vic however Vlamingh shows Test weights of Maritime are superior to Barque and Keel. more promise in NSW. Seed is available from COGGO seeds. Maritime is an alternative to Barque and Keel, especially in areas with low soil manganese or where there is difficulty in Feed obtaining high test weights. Maritime performs well on sandy Barque A high yielding feed variety, best suited for low to soils compared to Keel. Maritime has a larger grain plumpness medium rainfall areas. Barque is CCN resistant. Along with compared to Hindmarsh, Keel and Fleet. Seed is available Keel, Barque has the best resistance to the SFNB amongst from ABB Seeds. current barley varieties. Barque has vigorous early growth, is comparatively taller at harvest and is similar with relatively weak Tantangara High yielding feed variety, short strong straw, straw to Maratime. Barque is considered a good weed competitor susceptible to barley grass stripe rust. Best suited to lower New with lower average test weight than other feed varieties. Keel is a South Wales regions. Seed available from ABB Seeds. replacement for Barque. Tulla was released in 2003 and is an acid tolerant, semi- Capstan A high yielding feed variety that is a mid to late dwarf feed variety which has good straw strength and is maturing variety. Capstan has excellent grain yield potential, moderately resistant to the SFNB and moderately susceptible broad adaptation and is resistant to CCN while being susceptible to NFNB. Very susceptible to powdery mildew. Early May- to leaf scald, moderately resistant to powdery mildew and mid June sowing. Limited Tulla is sown in Victoria. Seed NFNB. Capstan has short, stiff straw with excellent head available from Waratah Seeds. retention and would be suitable for growers targeting very high potential yields. It is most suited to medium to high rainfall areas Unicorn was introduced into WA from Japan through a joint as Capstan has very short plant height and a tendency for lower project between Kirin Australia and University of Western test weights will preclude if from drier environments. Seed is Australia in 1998. An extremely early maturing variety with available through ABB Seeds. CCN resistance. Not recommend for Victoria. Seed is available from PlantTech. Cowabbie was released in 2004, and has a short straw length Urambie (WB234) was released from New South Wales in with good strength. Cowabbie is very susceptible to the NFNB, 2005. Urambie offers an alternative feed grain cultivar susceptible to the SFNB, moderately resistant to powdery comparable in yield to Binalong in the north. Not mildew and leaf scald. Limited area is sown to Cowabbie in recommended for Victoria. Victoria. Seed is available from PlantTech. Yambla An acid soils-tolerant, semi dwarf feed barley suited Fleet was released in 2006 and is a feed quality barley to earlier sowings. Yambla is taller than Tantangara and has developed as a replacement for Barque and Mundah and an higher grain yields than Yerong in grazed and ungrazed trials. alternative to Keel. Fleet has similar phenology to Barque and similar adaptation as Mundah in deep sandy soils. Fleet is Yarra has greater grain plumpness compared to Gairdner. resistant to CCN and moderately resistant to SFNB. Fleet has an Yarra has similar CCN resistance to Barque. Yarra has equal to improved physical grain quality compared to Keel and Barque. or higher hect-litre weight compared to all other feed varieties Seed is available through ABB Seeds. and 0.5% lower grain protein levels than Schooner and Barque. Yarra has a prostrate early growth habit and moderately late Keel is a high yielding, early maturing feed-quality barley. It maturing, similar to Capstan. Yarra is best adapted in regions is resistant to CCN and moderately resistant to the SFNB and with 375mm – 450mm annual rainfall and particularly well NFNB, while being very susceptible to leaf rust. Keel is a shorter suited to the Yorke and Lower Eyre Peninsula regions of South plant type compared to Barque. Keel has good head retention and Australia. Seed available from ABB Seeds. is easier to thresh than Barque. This variety is not suitable for sandy soils where Barque is preferred. Keel performs best on Barley variety description continue on page 4. heavy soils and is relatively drought tolerant. It is best suited to low rainfall environments. GROWING AREAS Table 1. Suitability of varieties to Victorian cropping regions. Variety Quality Low Rainfall Medium Rainfall High Rainfall (<350 mm) (350-450 mm) (>450 mm) MALTING Baudin Malting √ Buloke Malting √ √ Commander Malting √ √ Flagship Malting √ √ Franklin Malting √ Gairdner Malting √ √ Quasar Malting √ √ Schooner Malting √ √ Sloop Malting √ √ SloopSA Malting √ SloopVic Malting √ Vlamingh Malting √ FEED Barque Feed √ √ Capstan Feed √ √ Cowabbie Feed √ √ Fleet Feed √ √ Hindmarsh Feed √ √ Keel Feed √ √ Maritime Feed √ √ Tulla Feed √ Unicorn Feed √ Urambie Feed √ Yarra Feed √ √ YIELD Table 2. State long term (2000-2008) predicted average yield performance data expressed as a percentage of Schooner (Mallee) and Gairdner and number of site years on which average is based is in brackets. Main Season Long Season Mallee Wimmera North North South South Central East West West Gairdner t/ha 2.72 2.92 4.08 2.17 5.46 Schooner t/ha 2.38 MALTING Baudin 101(52) 101(31) 99(13) 98(9) 90(6) 94(14) Buloke 110(46) 104(25) 104(11) 101(8) 102(5) * Commander 111(45) 106(25) 105(11) 105(8) 103(5) 102(9) Flagship 102(39) 97(20) 96(11) 94(7) 90(4) 88(3) Franklin 85(45) 86(38) 89(15) 90(14) 85(10) 92(26) Gairdner 100(68) 100(41) 100(15) 100(14) 100(11) 100(26) Quaser 95(16) 96(6) 98(3) * * Schooner 100(70) 92(41) 93(15) 90(14) 87(11) * Sloop 101(55) 94(35) 96(9) 93(11) 91(10) * Vlamingh 101(22) 98(9) 100(4) * * 93(15) FEED Barque 109(70) 101(41) 101(9) 99(11) 96(10) * Capstan 109(22) 107(25) 102(11) 103(8) 98(5) 104(15) Fleet 113(23) 109(10) 109(6) 105(3) * 100(3) Hindmarsh 121(23) 115(12) 111(6) 105(4) 106(3) * Keel 113(66) 109(37) 103(15) 99(14) 93(9) * Maritime 108(30) 101(15) * * * 92(11) Tantangara 103(21) 104(15) 99(4) 100(6) 95(4) 99(5) Yarra 108(53) 103(31) 101(13) 101(11) 99(5) 95(6) DISEASE Table 3. Disease reaction of selected barley varieties. Leaf scald Net Powdery Leaf BYDV Cereal Root lesion Nematode Barley blotch mildew rust cyst nematode P.neglectus P.thornei grass Spot Net Res Tol Res Tol Res Tol stripe rust MALTING BARLEY Baudin S-VS S MS S-VS VS MR S T - - - - R Buloke MS MS-S MR MR MS-S S* S T - - - - R Commander S MS-S MR-MS MR-MS S S R T - - - T-MT R Flagship MS MS MR-MS MS MS-S S R T MR - MR-MS T R Gairdner S-VS S-VS MR-MS MR MS-S MR S T MR MT MR-MS I R Schooner MS MS-S MR-MS VS S-VS S S T MR-MS MT R MT R Sloop S S MR-MS VS S-VS S S T MS T MR T R SloopSA S S MR VS S S R T MS MT R - R SloopVic S MS-S MR MR-MS MS S R T MS MT R - R Vlamingh MR-MS MS-S MR S S MS S T - - - - R FEED BARLEY Barque VS MR MS MR-MS MS-S S R T MR MT MR MT MR Capstan S MS-S MR-MS MR MS-S S R T MR T - - MR Cowabbie MR S VS MS* S - S T - - - MR-MI MR Fleet MR-MS MR-MS MR-MS MR MS S R T - - - MT R Hindmarsh MR S MR-MS MS MS S R T - - - - R Keel MS MR MR# MS VS S R T MR T MR - MS Maritime S MS MR S MS S R T MR T - - S Mundah* S-VS MS-S* MR-MS MS* S S S T MR-MS - - - R Unicorn* S S* MS-MR* MR* S MR* S T* - - - - - Urambie* R MS* R MS-MR R MS* - - - - - - R Tantangara MR-MS S-VS MS VS MR-MS S S T - - - T-MT S Tulla* - MR - - - - - - - - - - - Yarra S-VS MS-S MR-MS S-VS R S R T - - - R HULLESS BARLEY Torrens* MR-MS MS MR-MS MR-MS S S R T MR - R* - R Source: Cereal Disease Guide 2009, Grant Hollaway. Disease resistance; R = resistant MR = moderately resistant MS = moderately susceptible, S = susceptible, VS = very susceptible T = tolerant MT = moderately tolerant MI = moderately intolerant I = intolerant # Varieties marked may no longer be resistant due to the occurrence of new races making these varieties susceptible. * These ratings are less reliable and should be treated with caution. ? = disease status yet to be confirmed for Victoria. Continued…. Southern Breeding Program VB0432 Potential barley varieties to be released from the Western Breeding Program WABAR2315 Southern Breeding Program Northern Breeding Programs ND19119-5 WI4262 is best suited to the high rainfall environments. WI4262 is moderately resistant to Scald and NFNB, moderately susceptible to SFNB and Resistant to Powdery Mildew. WI4262 Plant Breeders Rights (PBR) is currently under review of the Malting and Brewing Industry Barley Technical Committee (MBIBTC). For further information: Refer to the “Victorian Winter Crop Summary 2009”, or Go to Agnotes: www.dpi.vic.gov.au/notes (click on Crops and Pastures, Cereals) ACKNOWLEDGMENTS David Moody, Senior Research Scientist, DPI Horsham Dr Grant Hollaway, Senior Cereal Pathologist, DPI Horsham Geoff Stratford, Grains Industry Officer, DPI Horsham Alan Bedggood, National Variety Trials, Horsham This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.
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