SEMESTER TEST STUDY GUIDE Key Terms to Know: Ratify bill federalism limited government Privateer traitor civilian separation of powers Alliance cede militia Lord Charles Cornwallis Boycott minutemen blockade Thomas Paine Mercenary alien explorer Francis Marion Speculator XYZ Affair John Adams writ of assistance John Jay James Madison Anthony Wayne Bernardo de Galvez How a Bill Becomes a Law Flag Etiquette Federal System How the Constitution is Amended Principles of the Constitution Northwest Territory – Townships Articles of Confederation Shay’s Rebellion Virginia Plan Great Compromise New Jersey Plan Presidential Election of 1796 Washinton’s response to the Whiskey Rebellion French Revolution and American Revolution – comparison Thomas Jefferson Battles of the American Revolution Olive Branch Petition Continental Army Second Continental Congress Boston Tea Party Stamp Act Boston Masacre Washinton’s Farewell Address Federalists National Bank Albany Plan of Union Proclamation Act of 1763 Tea Act Declaration of Independence Virginia Resolution Common Sense Land Ordinance of 1785 Great Compromise Indian Removal Act of 1830 Bill of Rights 27 Amendments Monroe Doctrine War of 1812 Three-Fifths Compromise Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact Alexander Hamilton Peter Zenger Checks and Balances Anti Federalists Baron de Montesquieu Branches of Government Swamp Fox What group was most divided in its support of the Patriots’ war effort? How were natural laws different from the laws imposed by Great Britain? Why might the ideas in Thomas Paine’s Common Sense have been considered bold at the time? How did the Second continental Congress decide to handle the British? Why did the captain of the Minutemen yell “Don’t fire unless fired upon”? Where were the major weapons rumored to be located on the night of April 18, 1775? What event led to the meeting of the First Continental Congress? Why was winning the battle in New Jersey so important to George Washington? Why was the Battle of Saratoga a turning point for the Patriots? Why did the British set their sights on the South? What was the first event that led to the Patriots’ defeat of the British at Yorktown? Why was the winter at Valley Forge such a difficult time for the Continental Army? How was France’s interest in the revolution important from a financial standpoint? Why was the Marquis de Lafayette interested in the American Revolution? Why did the Articles of Confederation make it hard for Congress to protect its land or citizens against foreign threats? How did the ideas in Thomas Jefferson’s Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom differ from previous ideas held by the government? What was a reason why Congress decided to pass the Land Ordinance of 2785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787? Following Shay’s Rebellion, most Americans called for establishing what? What was the significance of the Articles of Confederation? What characteristic of most state constitutions created during the American Revolution strongly influenced the ideas behind the American Government? The banning of slavery in some state constitutions was significant because it marked the beginnings of what? Why were the Articles of Confederation ineffective in solving internal problems that existed in the U.S.? How did the Articles of Confederation fail to implement the ideas set forth in the Declaration of Independence? Summarize the trade relationship between Britain and America in the late 1700s. In 1784, Spain closed which important trade route to the U.S. that was used to send goods to eastern markets? How did the Great Compromise resolve the debate over state representation in the federal government? In what way did the Constitution attempt to implement the ideals set forth in the Declaration of Independence? Under the Constitution, only the national government has the power to do what? Both the federal and state government share the power to what? What is a power reserved only to the states? How did the Bill of Rights use the ideas introduced in the Declaration of Independence? What was the Bill of Rights? What is one reason the U.S. Constitution has survived for more than 200 years? What was one of the major problems faced by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention? What is the doctrine of separation of powers? What proportion of both houses of Congress must vote in favor of a bill in order to override a president’s veto? What is the function of Congress in the federal government? What is the job of the executive branch in relation to the nation’s laws? What does the fact that the Constitution allows for the removal of a president from office show about American government? What role does the Constitution assign to the judicial branch? What checks do the other two branches of government have on the judicial branch? What checks do the other two branches of government have on the judicial branch? What does the First Amendment protect? What was the main reason the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution? What is “due process of law”? How do citizens accept responsibility for protecting others’ Sixth Amendment rights? What issues divided Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson? The national debt can best be defined as the amount of money owed to? According to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, what was the most serious flaw in Alexander Hamilton’s plan for a national bank? Why was it important for the new United States to have a national bank? What is a protective tariff? What is the Electoral College? During the presidency of John Quincy Adams, three French agents would discuss a treaty with the U.S. only in exchange for a bribe. The incident came to be known as the ? The Alien and Sedition Acts were supported by the Federalists as a way to do what? The presidential election of 1796 differed from prior American elections because there were what? What treaty outlined the U.S. boundaries and expanded it’s territories? Why did some members of Congress criticize George Washington’s pronouncement about staying out of disputes between European countries? Where there political divisions in America in 1789? What is one way that Abigail Adams and Judith Sargent Murray were different from Martha Washington? Congress created departments in the executive branch t address what type of policy? According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government includes what? What was the significance of Zebulon Pike’s exploration? The Embargo Act failed because? In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in 1795. What was Tecumseh’s reply? Why did the U.S. declare war against Britain in 1812? The document that ended the War of 1812 was called?