Bahamas By: Taylor Pickell Landforms The islands in the Bahamas are mainly low lying and have no mountains. They were formed from coral, which is why they are very low. The highest point in the Bahamas is only 63 meters high which is located on Cat Island, but the island of New Providence only reaches about 37 meters high. The Little Bahama Bank, the Great Bahama bank, and the Cay Sal Bank are three oceanic banks that surround the Bahamas. The land is mostly rocky or made up of swamps. Some of the main islands in the Bahamas are the Grand Bahama, the Great and Little Abaco, the Biminis, Eleuthera, Cat Island, San Salvador, the Great and Little Exuma, Long Island, Crooked Island, Acklins Island, New Providence, the Great and Little Inagua, and the Andros. Bodies of Water Some of the bodies of water in the Bahamas are: • Conch Sound • Glass Window • Graham’s Harbor • Pipe Creek • Salt Pond • Sandy Point. • Dean’s Blue Hole • Grottoes • Ocean Hole Major Language Some people in the Bahamas speak English, but they do not have a major language. Government The Bahamas’ type of government is constitutional parliamentary democracy. Leader The Prime Minister or head of government is currently Hubert Ingraham Holidays • New Years Day: 1st January • Good Friday: Friday before Easter · 21 March • Easter: 23 March • Easter Monday: Day after Easter · 24 March • Whit Monday: 12 May • Labor Day: 2 June • Independence Day: 10th July • Emancipation Day: First Monday in August · 4 August • Discovery Day: 12 October • Christmas Day: 25th December • Boxing Day: 26th December Economy The Bahamas’ economy is mainly based on tourism, which is mostly in Nassau and Grand Bahama. Tourism and construction are largely responsible for a GDP growth of about 4 percent since 1996. Another thing that is important is financial services, which places the Bahamas with the world’s leading financial centers. After the impact from Hurricane Floyd, the center was back to full strength in less than three working days and made a huge contribution to disaster relief efforts, both individually and through financial organizations. Tourism accounts for more than 60% of GDP but manufacturing and agriculture together only account for a tenth of GDP. Religion • 35% Baptists • 15% Anglicans • 8% Pentecostals • 5% Church of God • 5% Seventh-day Adventist • 4% Methodist • 14% Roman Catholic National Bird The national bird is the flamingo. National Flower The national flower is the Yellow Elder, which is a yellow flower with fine red stripes on each petal. The Yellow Elder Tree can grow to be up to 20 feet high. National Tree The national tree is the lignum vitae (or “tree or life.”) It is made up of very heavy wood and is cover with small blue flowers at the branches tips. The Bahamian Flag The colors of the Bahamian flag are black, gold, and blue. The black represents the Bahamian people, the gold represents the sun, and the blue represents crystal clear waters. Population The population of the Bahamas is about 250,000 people. Education The Bahamas has a 95% literacy rate. There are 51 schools on the island of New Providence and 159 in the Family Islands. It also has several schools of adult education. The Princess Margaret Hospital has its own School of Nursing. The University of The West Indies Centre for Hotel and Tourism Management is located in Nassau at Oakes Field and it offers B.Sc. degrees in Hotel Management and Tourism. The College of The Bahamas was founded in 1974 in Nassau, it is the only educational institution in the Bahamas offering a wide range of programs leading to the Associate Degree. The End.
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