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									Col. 2: Quality of Employment dimension
 code label
   1a    Safety and ethics of employment; a) Safety at work
   1b    Safety and ethics of employment; b) Child labour and forced labour
   1c    Safety and ethics of employment; c) Fair treatment in employment
   2a    Income and benefits from employment; a) Income
   2b    Income and benefits from employment; b) Non-wage pecuniary benefits
   3a    Working hours and balancing work and non-working life; a) Working hours
   3b    Working hours and balancing work and non-working life; b) Working time arrangements
   3c    Working hours and balancing work and non-working life; c) Balancing work and non-working life
   4a    Security of employment and social protection; a) Security of employment
   4b    Stability and security of work, and social protection; b) Social protection
    5    Social dialogue
    6    Skills development and life-long learning
   7a    Workplace relationships and intrinsic nature of work; a) Workplace relationships
   7b    Workplace relationships and intrinsic nature of work; b) Intrinsic nature of work

Col. 3: Decent Work dimension
 code label
    1     Employment opportunities
    2     Adequate earnings and productive work
    3     Decent hours
    4     Combining work, family and personal life
    5     Work that should be abolished
    6     Stability and security of work
    7     Equal opportunity and treatment in employment
    8     Safe work environment
    9     Social security
   10     Social dialogue, workers’ and employers’ representation
   11     Economic and social context for decent work


Col. 4b: Availability
 code label
    1     Directly from electronic database or publication
    2     Elaboration from electronic database
    3     Specific elaboration is needed (not from electronic database)


Col. 11: Comments
 code label
  TF      Task Force
  DW      Decent Work
           col. 1              col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b        col. 5       col. 6    col. 7     col. 8              col. 9                 col. 10                         col. 11

                                QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                              Last
         Indicator                                                             Source       Database            Countries          Definition               Formula                        Comments
                             dimension   dimension     y           y                                   years



                                                                                                                                                                         - Which denominator to take? rate per hour
                                                                                                                                                                             of work, per employed, per employee.
                                                                                                                                                                            Important to take into account how long
                                                                                                                                                                              workers are exposed to risks and the
                                                                                                                                                                                    disparities of exposure (TF)
                                                                                                                                                                         - The fatal injury rate is proposed as a safe
                                                                                                                            A fatal accident is defined                      work indicator rather than the non-fatal
                                                                                                                                                        (Number of fatal
Fatal occupational injury                                                                                                      as an accident which                           injuries rate, because the reporting of
                                                                             Administrati                                                               injuries/ Number
rate (Workplace fatalities      1a           8          yes         1                       Eurostat   2005        29         leads to the death of a                      fatalities is believed to be more complete
                                                                              ve source                                                                   of employees)
per 100,000 employees)                                                                                                       victim within one year of                         and has fewer definitional problems
                                                                                                                                                             *100,000
                                                                                                                                    the accident                           compared to non-fatal injuries (i.e. a fatal
                                                                                                                                                                           injury can be relatively easily identified as
                                                                                                                                                                             such). Data normally cover the formal
                                                                                                                                                                         sector only; administrative records are often
                                                                                                                                                                            an inadequate data source; data quality
                                                                                                                                                                               issues due to under-reporting (DW)
                                                                                                                                                                          - Suitable indicator (Brian Pink comments)



                                                                                                                                                            (Number of
                                                                                                                                                           accidents at
                                                                                                                                                         work with more
                                                                                                                             Standardised incidence
                                                                                                                                                           than 3 days'
                                                                                                                            rate of accidents at work .
Non-fatal occupational                                                                                                                                    absence that       - Suitable indicator although one might
                                                                                                                             The serious accidents at
injury rate (Workplace                                                       Administrati                                                                occurred during    question the international comparability in
                                1a           8          yes         1                       Eurostat   2005        17         work is the number of
accidents per 100,000                                                         ve source                                                                 the year/Number     terms of quality of such measures (Brian
                                                                                                                                accidents at work
employees)                                                                                                                                                of persons in                  Pink comments)
                                                                                                                             resulting in more than 3
                                                                                                                                                         employment in
                                                                                                                                  days' absence
                                                                                                                                                          the reference
                                                                                                                                                            population)
                                                                                                                                                             *100,000




                                                                                            Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 2
           col. 1                 col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b     col. 5      col. 6      col. 7     col. 8       col. 9    col. 10                        col. 11

                                   QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                            Last
         Indicator                                                              Source    Database               Countries   Definition   Formula                     Comments
                                dimension   dimension     y           y                                 years

                                                                                                                                                     - How to define "hazardous"? Use a list from ILO
                                                                                                                                                    convention (objective) or use subjective indicators
                                                                                                                                                                     (feeling of danger)?
                                                                                                                                                      How people feel is a good way to measure the
                                                                                                                                                        degree of exposure. But people are more and
                                                                                                                                                         more sensitive to danger so it can be forked
                                                                                                                                                       (more and more people saying they are at risk
                                                                                                                                                     even if objectively risks decrease because of the
                                                                                                                                                                   stiffening of legislation)
Share of employees                                                                                                                                   Perhaps the title can be changed for "hazardous
working in "hazardous"             1a           no          No         -          -           -           -          -            -          -             conditions", so it includes the subjective
conditions                                                                                                                                                              dimension (TF).
                                                                                                                                                    - Measurable ? What are 'hazardous' conditions?
                                                                                                                                                      (Brian Pink comments). In International Hazard
                                                                                                                                                        Datasheets on Occupations provided by ILO,
                                                                                                                                                       information on the hazards and risks related to
                                                                                                                                                         occupations are not directly connected to a
                                                                                                                                                    specific ISCO code. An other option will be to use
                                                                                                                                                       information of the 2007 LFS ad hoc module on
                                                                                                                                                          accidents at work and work-related health
                                                                                                                                                                           problems.


                                                                                                                 Data are
Employment of persons                                                                    Child labour               not
who are below the minimum                                                                  statistics            available
                                   1b           no          No         -          -                     2008                      -          -                               -
age specified for the kind of                                                            (ILO/SIMPO                 for
work performed                                                                                C)                 european
                                                                                                                 countries


Employment of persons
below 18 years in
                                   1b           no          No         -          -           -           -          -            -          -                               -
designated hazardous
industries and occupations


                                                                                                                 Data are
Employment of persons                                                                    Child labour               not
below 18 years for hours                                                                   statistics            available
                                   1b           no          No         -          -                       -                       -          -                               -
exceeding a specified                                                                    (ILO/SIMPO                 for
threshold                                                                                     C)                 european
                                                                                                                 countries




                                                                                           Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 3
           col. 1              col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b        col. 5        col. 6     col. 7     col. 8               col. 9                  col. 10                            col. 11

                                QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                                Last
          Indicator                                                            Source       Database              Countries           Definition                Formula                          Comments
                             dimension   dimension     y           y                                     years

                                                                                                                                                                               A minimum age limit is needed (i.e. after 20 or 25
                                                                                                                                                                               years old). By quintile could be a good idea to see
                                                                                                                              Employees with below 2/3
                                                                                                                                                                            the polarization. Complementary with average.
                                                                                                                                    of median hourly                       Median is an indicator of inequality not of quality.
                                                                                                                                                              (Number of
                                                                                                                                 earnings. All NACE                               Why 1/2 of median and not 2/3? (TF)
                                                                                                                                                            employees with
                                                                                                                                    branches except                          - Income is undoubtedly relevant to quality of
                                                       No, but               Structure of                                                                     below 2/3 of
                                                                                                                              agriculture, fishing, public                    employment from an individual perspective
Low pay                         2a           2         similar      3         earnings       Eurostat    2006        29                                      median hourly
                                                                                                                                administration, private                      however the relevance of this indicator to that
                                                        data                    survey                                                                     earnings/Number issue is not obvious . It implies income equality
                                                                                                                                households and extra-
                                                                                                                                                                   of      equals quality in employment - at the individual
                                                                                                                              territorial organizations in
                                                                                                                                                           employees)*100    level that is unlikely to be true. Why wouldn't
                                                                                                                               enterprises with at least
                                                                                                                                                                           average earnings per hour and median earnings
                                                                                                                                     10 employees
                                                                                                                                                                                per hour be a more relevant indicator (Brian Pink
                                                                                                                                                                                                 comments).

                                                                                                                                Montlhy earnings in the
                                                                                                                                 reference month cover
                                                                                                                              remuneration in cash paid
                                                                                                                              before any tax deductions
                                                                                                                                   and social security
                                                       No, but               Structure of                                       contributions. All NACE
Average weekly earnings of                                                                                                                                   Mean monthly
                                2a           no        similar      1         earnings       Eurostat    2006        29              branches except                                                    -
employees                                                                                                                                                   earnings in Euro
                                                        data                    survey                                        agriculture, fishing, public
                                                                                                                                 administration, private
                                                                                                                                 households and extra-
                                                                                                                               territorial organizations in
                                                                                                                                enterprises with at least
                                                                                                                                      10 employees
                                                                                                                               Minimum annual leave,
Average number of days                                 No, but                Working                                                                          Number of
                                                                                                                                that is the minimum
paid annual leave used in       2b           no        similar      1         Condition        ILO       2007       168                                      minimum annal
                                                                                                                              number of annual holiday
the previous year                                       data                   Laws                                                                              leave
                                                                                                                                    entitlements.
Average number of days                                 No, but                                                                Paid annual vacation for
                                                                               Doing                                                                          Number of
paid annual leave used in       2b           no        similar      1                       World Bank   2008       181        an employee with 20
                                                                              Business                                                                       working days
the previous year                                       data                                                                      years of service
                                                                                                                                                                                    - Important for comparing the theoretical
                                                                                                                                  Annual holidays of                              legislative framework with the reality (TF) -
                                                                                                                                                                                 Relevant to pay and conditions of employees
                                                                                                                                 employees all NACE
                                                                                                                                                                                             (Brian Pink comments).
                                                                                                                                    branches except
Average number of days                                 No, but               Structure of                                     agriculture, fishing, public
                                                                                                                                                             Mean annual
paid annual leave used in       2b           no        similar      1         earnings       Eurostat    2006        28         administration, private
                                                                                                                                                              holidays
the previous year                                       data                    survey                                          households and extra-
                                                                                                                              territorial organizations in
                                                                                                                               enterprises with at least
                                                                                                                                     10 employees




                                                                                             Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 4
          col. 1              col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b      col. 5     col. 6    col. 7     col. 8               col. 9                   col. 10                             col. 11

                               QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                          Last
        Indicator                                                           Source     Database            Countries           Definition                 Formula                            Comments
                            dimension   dimension     y           y                               years

                                                                                                                                                                              - Not sufficient. Could be a good background
                                                                                                                                                                           indicator (TF). Relevant to pay and conditions for
Share of employees using
                                                                                                                                                                             employees. At the same time there is often an
paid annual leave in the       2b           no          No         -           -          -         -          -                     -                        -
                                                                                                                                                                            offset between having annual leave entitlements
previous year                                                                                                                                                               or a loading on pay in lieu - so again an issue of
                                                                                                                                                                          interpretability of the data (Brian Pink comments).
Share of employees using
                               2b           no          No         -           -          -         -          -                     -                        -                                    -
sick leave


                                                                                                                            In line with ILO
                                                                                                                        Convention No. 1 which
                                                                                                                                                    (Persons in    - Relevant to quality of employment - although
                                                                                                                         specifies that hours of
                                                                                                                                                  employment who      value judgement that working long hours
                                                                                                                       work per week should not
                                                                                                                                                    usually work  (presumably) reduces the quality of employment
Share of employed persons                                                   Labour                                     exceed 48, the excessive
                                                                                                                                                   49hrs or more      even though you might be recompensed
working 49 hrs and more        3a           3          yes         3         Force     Eurostat   2008        32       hours indicator is defined
                                                                                                                                                     per week /       admirably for doing so (BP) - There are
per week                                                                    Survey                                     here as the percentage of                      differences between self-employed and
                                                                                                                                                     Persons in
                                                                                                                       employed persons whose
                                                                                                                                                  employment)*10 employees and between high and low qualificated
                                                                                                                       usual hours of work at all                                 employees (TF)
                                                                                                                                                         0
                                                                                                                         jobs are more than 48
                                                                                                                            hours per week.




                                                                                                                           The definition of total
                                                                                                                       hours worked is based on
                                                                                                                         the European System of
                                                                                                                           Accounts (ESA 1995).
                                                                                                                         The indicator comprises
                                                                                                                        the hours actually worked
                                                                                                                       by all persons engaged in Number of hours Relevant to quality of employment but again there
                                                                                                                           economic activity who    actually worked is often an offset between hours worked and pay.
                                                                                                                           perform some gainful     by all persons in   Also reduced hours is not necessarily a good
                                                                                                                                                                       thing - if that is how one is meant to interpret it.
Average annual (actual)                                                     National                                       activity as employees     employment in
                               3a           3          yes         2                   Eurostat   2008        30                                                      Currently in Australia there is evidence of reduced
hours worked per person                                                     Account                                       (wage earners, salaried      one year/          hours and increasing underemployment as
                                                                                                                             employees, public         Number of      employers reduce hours of available work due to
                                                                                                                          officials, marginal part-    persons in     the GFC - it would not seem that is improving the
                                                                                                                       time workers, soldiers), as    employment        quality of employment (Brian Pink comments).
                                                                                                                        self-employed persons or
                                                                                                                        as unpaid family workers.
                                                                                                                          This includes the hours
                                                                                                                            worked by persons
                                                                                                                       performing several jobs at
                                                                                                                               the same time




                                                                                       Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 5
            col. 1                 col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b     col. 5    col. 6    col. 7     col. 8               col. 9                  col. 10                             col. 11

                                    QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                        Last
         Indicator                                                               Source   Database            Countries           Definition                Formula                           Comments
                                 dimension   dimension     y           y                             years


                                                                                                                                                       (Number of
                                                                                                                                                    persons working      - Like time-related underemployment is more
                                                                                                                                                    on an involuntary about the quantity of employment than quality. But
                                                                                                                             Share of employed
                                                                                 Labour                                                             part-time basis / it can reflect some workers' state of contentment.
                                                                                                                          persons working less than                    It is relvant also because the indicator is related
Involuntarily part-time             3a           no         yes         1         Force   Eurostat   2008        31                                     Number of
                                                                                                                             30 hours per week                                           with wage (TF).
                                                                                 Survey                                                             persons in a part- - Relevant like underemployed. Why you would
                                                                                                                                involuntarily
                                                                                                                                                     time job or total        measure this and not worry about the
                                                                                                                                                        person in             unemployed? (Brian Pink comments)
                                                                                                                                                    emploment)*100




                                                                                                                          "Insufficient hours of work
                                                                                                                                 in relation to an
                                                                                                                            alternative employment
                                                                                                                           situation that a person is
                                                                                                                            willing and available to
                                                                                                                            engage in” (16th ICLS,          (Number of
                                                                                                                            1998). Operationally, it     persons in time- Overlap between involuntary part-time and time-
Involuntarily part-time: Time-                                                   Labour                                       identifies employed              related      related underemployed is not much. The variable
releted underemployment             3a           3          yes         3         Force   Eurostat   2008        32            persons who in the       underemploymen hours worked is more stringent and homogenous
rate                                                                             Survey                                   reference period: a) were     t / total person in compared to the definition of part-time/full-time
                                                                                                                           willing to work additional   employment)*10                          work.
                                                                                                                           hours; b) were available               0
                                                                                                                           to work additional hours;
                                                                                                                          c) had worked less than a
                                                                                                                              threshold relating to
                                                                                                                               working time in the
                                                                                                                                reference week.



                                                                                                                                                           (Number of
                                                                                                                             Concept of working
                                                                                                                                                            persons in
                                                                                                                           arrangement should be
                                                                                                                                                        employment who
                                                                                                                              strictly interpreted.
Percentage of employed                                                           Labour                                                                  usually work at
                                                                                                                            Employed people only                         In database there is not the combination togethar
people who usually work at          3b           no         yes         3         Force   Eurostat   2008        31                                         night and
                                                                                                                            occasionally work on                               night/evening (Brian Pink comments)
night/evening                                                                    Survey                                                                 evening/Number
                                                                                                                             some atypical hours
                                                                                                                                                          of persons in
                                                                                                                           should be not included.
                                                                                                                                                          employment)
                                                                                                                                                               *100




                                                                                          Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 6
           col. 1              col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b        col. 5       col. 6    col. 7     col. 8              col. 9                   col. 10                              col. 11

                                QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                              Last
         Indicator                                                             Source       Database            Countries           Definition                Formula                            Comments
                             dimension   dimension     y           y                                   years


                                                                                                                                                             (Number of
                                                                                                                               Concept of working
                                                                                                                                                              persons in
                                                                                                                             arrangement should be
                                                                                                                                                          employment who
                                                                                                                                strictly interpreted.
Percentage of employed                                                         Labour                                                                      usually work on Possibly measurable - not sure of the significance
                                                                                                                              Employed people only                           of bank holidays! In database there is not the
people who usually work on      3b           no         yes         3           Force       Eurostat   2008        31                                       Saturday and
                                                                                                                              occasionally work on                             combination Saturday/Sunday (Brian Pink
weekend or bank holiday                                                        Survey                                                                     Sunday/ Number                     comments).
                                                                                                                               some atypical hours
                                                                                                                                                            of persons in
                                                                                                                             should be not included.
                                                                                                                                                            employment)
                                                                                                                                                                 *100



                                                                                Labour
                                                                                 Force
                                                                              Survey ad                                                                     (Number of
                                                                             hoc module                                                                   employees with
                                                                                 Work                                        Number of employees           not fixed start
Share of people with
                                3b           no         yes         2        organisation   Eurostat   2004        30        with not fixed start and      and end of a
flexible work schedule
                                                                             and working                                      end of a working day         working day/
                                                                                  time                                                                      Number of
                                                                             arrangement                                                                  employees)*100
                                                                                    s



                                                                                                                             The employment rate is
                                                                                                                              the share of employed
                                                                                                                            persons aged 25 to 49 in
                                                                                                                                                          Employment rate
                                                                                                                               the population of the
Ratio of employment rate                                                                                                                                  for women aged      Given the multitude of factors that may contribute
                                                                                                                             corresponding sex and
for women with children                                                        Labour                                                                         20-49 with       to changes in this ratio the interpretability of this
                                                                                                                               age group. Data are
under compulsory school         3c           no         yes         2           Force       Eurostat   2008        26                                       children 0_5 /    measure questionable (Brian Pink comments). In
                                                                                                                            reported according to the                         Italy is more relevant for women aged 25-34 and
age to the employment rate                                                     Survey                                                                     Employment rate
                                                                                                                            age of the youngest child                                                35-44
of all women aged 20-49                                                                                                                                    of women aged
                                                                                                                             living in the household.
                                                                                                                                                                20-49
                                                                                                                            Children living outside the
                                                                                                                                 household are not
                                                                                                                                    considered.




                                                                                            Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 7
            col. 1                col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b        col. 5        col. 6    col. 7     col. 8              col. 9                col. 10                             col. 11

                                   QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                               Last
         Indicator                                                                Source        Database            Countries          Definition              Formula                           Comments
                                dimension   dimension     y           y                                    years


                                                                                                                                                              (Number of
                                                                                                                                                               person in
                                                                                LFS 2005 ad                                                                   employment
                                                                                 hoc module                                                                between 15 and
Share of people receiving                                                                                                         Number of employed
                                                                                      on                                                                   64 years old who
maternity/ paternity/family                               No, but                                                                women between 15 and
                                                                                Reconciliatio                                                               can take whole
leave benefits: persons who        3c           no        similar      3                        Eurostat   2005        28       64 years old who can take
                                                                                  n between                                                                   days off for
can take whole days off for                                data                                                                  whole days off for family
                                                                                   work and                                                                      family
family reasons                                                                                                                           reasons
                                                                                  family life                                                                reasons/Total
                                                                                                                                                               person in
                                                                                                                                                           employment)*10
                                                                                                                                                                   0        Should be proportion women employees entitled
                                                                                                                                                                                  to maternity leave etc. The actual length of
                                                                                                                                                                               maternity leave would be relevant to international
                                                                                                                                                                                comparability exercises ie may have the same
                                                                                                                                                           (Number of of        percentages but 4 weeks in one country and 52
                                                                                                                                                              person in        weeks in another country (Brian Pink comments).
                                                                                LFS 2005 ad                                                                 employment
Share of people receiving                                                        hoc module                                       Number of employed      between 15 and
maternity/ paternity/family                                                           on                                        women between 15 and        64 years old
                                                          No, but
leave benefits: persons                                                         Reconciliatio                                   64 years old taking time   taking time off
                                   3c           no        similar      3                        Eurostat   2005        28
taking time off over the last                                                     n between                                        off over the last 12   over the last 12
                                                           data
12 months for family                                                               work and                                         months for family    months for family
sickness or emergencies                                                           family life                                   sickness or emergencies      sickness or
                                                                                                                                                         emergencies/Tot
                                                                                                                                                            al person in
                                                                                                                                                         employment )100



                                                                                                                                                                 From ss
                                                                                                                                  Is a period (not smaller
                                                                                                                                                            expressed in the
Share of people receiving                                                                                                        than 14 weeks) in which
                                                          No, but                Working                                                                        legislation
maternity/ paternity/family                                                                                                       mothers are allowed to
                                   3c           no        similar      3         Condition        ILO      2007       168                                   (calendar days,                            -
leave benefits: lenght of                                                                                                       take time off work in order
                                                           data                   Laws                                                                      weeks, months)
materniy leave                                                                                                                     to follow the birth of a
                                                                                                                                                              to number of
                                                                                                                                            child.
                                                                                                                                                                  weeks




                                                                                                Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 8
           col. 1                col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b      col. 5      col. 6    col. 7     col. 8              col. 9                 col. 10                               col. 11

                                  QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                           Last
         Indicator                                                             Source      Database            Countries           Definition              Formula                             Comments
                               dimension   dimension     y           y                                years

                                                                                                                                                       The percentage
                                                                                                                                                            of wage
                                                                                                                                                       available during
                                                                                                                                                         the maternity
                                                                                                                                                              leave
Share of people receiving
                                                         No, but               Working                                        The level of benefits     considering: a)
maternity/ paternity/family
                                  3c           no        similar      3        Condition     ILO      2007       165          available during the     the proportion of                             -
leave benefits: amount of
                                                          data                  Laws                                            maternity leave.          the worker's
maternity leave benefits
                                                                                                                                                         earning to be
                                                                                                                                                           paid; b) the
                                                                                                                                                           period over
                                                                                                                                                       which they are to
                                                                                                                                                             be paid



                                                                                                                                    Employees with                           - Comparability problems to measure temporary
                                                                                                                             temporary contracts are                            positions. Counter-cyclical; value rises with
                                                                                                                                  those who declare      (Number of           economic upturn as newer workers hired. Data
                                                                                                                             themselves as having a      Temporary              may be limited (DW); This has not always a
                                                                                                                              fixed term employment employees aged            negative impact in terms of flexicurity approach
Percentage of employees                                                         Labour                                                                                       (work life cycle). Therefore such indicator needs
                                                                                                                           contract or a job which will 25 and older/
25 years and older with           4a           6          yes         1          Force     Eurostat   2008        32                                                        to be supplemented by indicators on transitions of
                                                                                                                                 terminate if certain    Number of           persons (from temporary work into other status -
temporary jobs                                                                  Survey
                                                                                                                           objective criteria are met, Employees aged       see below). An alternative indicators: unvoluntary
                                                                                                                            such as completion of an    25 and older)          temporary contracts (TF) - Masurable but the
                                                                                                                             assignment or return of        *100               presumption is that temporary work is bad not
                                                                                                                              the employee who was                                sure that is necessarily true (Brian Pink
                                                                                                                                temporarily replaced.                                            comments).




                                                                                                                                                                              - The indicator needs to be complemented by a
                                                                                                                                                           Number of        split between "voluntary and unvoluntary" mobility.
                                                                                                                                  Employees with         Employees 25        Proxies need to be found/tested (transitions, split
                                                                                                                            temporary contracts are years and older            between permanent/temporary contracts, jobs
Percentage of employees
                                                                                Labour                                          those who declare       with job tenure(<   turnover, persons actively looking for another job)
25 years and older with job
                                  4a           6          yes         2          Force     Eurostat   2008        31        themselves as having a 1 yr, 1-3 yrs, 3-5                                (TF).
tenure (< 1 yr, 1-3 yrs, 3-5                                                                                                                                                   - Measurable but premised on an assumption
                                                                                Survey                                       fixed term employment       yrs, >= 5yrs)/
yrs, >= 5yrs)                                                                                                                                                                  (value judgement) that staying in one job for a
                                                                                                                           contract or a job which will Employees 25
                                                                                                                              terminate by one year         years and         long time increases the quality of employment.
                                                                                                                                                                            There would be plenty of gen x/y who would argue
                                                                                                                                                            older*100
                                                                                                                                                                                      with that (Brian Pink comments).




                                                                                           Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 9
           col. 1             col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b      col. 5     col. 6    col. 7     col. 8             col. 9                col. 10                             col. 11

                               QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                          Last
         Indicator                                                          Source     Database            Countries          Definition             Formula                           Comments
                            dimension   dimension     y           y                               years



                                                                                                                       The standard followed is
                                                                                                                        the European System of
                                                                                                                            Accounts (ESA 95).
                                                                                                                       Annual national accounts
                                                                                                                             comprise the main
                                                                                                                           aggregates on annual
                                                                                                                             national accounts,
                                                                                                                          including: GDP and its
                                                                                                                                components,          Government
Public social security
                                                                            National                                          employment, final     expenditure on    Interpretability? Is an increase good or bad for
expenditure as share of        4b           6          yes         1                   Eurostat   2008        31
                                                                            Account                                    consumption aggregates, Social protection      quality of employment? (Brian Pink comments).
GDP
                                                                                                                         income, saving and net      / GDP *100
                                                                                                                             lending/borrowing,
                                                                                                                            exports and imports.
                                                                                                                           Breakdowns exist for
                                                                                                                          variables by economic
                                                                                                                       activity (industries), asset
                                                                                                                               types and final
                                                                                                                           consumption purpose
                                                                                                                                 (COICOP).


Share of economically                                                                                                                                                   Not sure why you would want this? Isn't the
active population                                                                                                                                                    question whether there is a social security net for
                               4b           no          No         -           -          -         -          -                   -                     -             people irrespective of the source of funding ie
contributing to a pension
                                                                                                                                                                      employee, employer or government (Brian Pink
fund                                                                                                                                                                                    comments).
Share of employees
                                                                                                                                                                     Not sure what relevance to quality of employment
covered by unemployment        4b           no          No         -           -          -         -          -                   -                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                 (Brian Pink comments).
insurance




                                                                                       Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 10
           col. 1              col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b        col. 5       col. 6    col. 7     col. 8              col. 9                 col. 10                              col. 11

                                QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                              Last
         Indicator                                                             Source       Database            Countries           Definition              Formula                            Comments
                             dimension   dimension     y           y                                   years




                                                                                                                               A strike is a temporary
                                                                                                                            work stoppage affected by
                                                                                                                               one or more groups of
                                                                                                                               workers with a view to
                                                                                                                               enforcing or resisting
                                                                                                                              demands or expressing
                                                                                                                            grievances, or supporting
                                                                                Trade
                                                                                                                               other workers in their
                                                                               unions,
                                                                                                                            demands or grievances. A (Number of days
                                                                                social
                                                                                                                            lockout is a total or partial    lost due to    Generally would accept as a indicator of
                                                                               security
Average number of days                                                                                                       temporary closure of one        strikes and      quality of work but robust negotiation
                                                                               officers,
not worked due to strikes        5           no         yes         1                       Eurostat   2007        21            or more places of        lockouts/Number including strikes might be indicative of good
                                                                              employers'
and lockouts                                                                                                                    employment, or the          of persons in  social dialogue and quality of employment
                                                                             confederatio
                                                                                                                              hindering of the normal       employment)              (Brian Pink comments).
                                                                               ns and
                                                                                                                                  work activities of            *1000
                                                                             employment
                                                                                                                               employees, by one or
                                                                               offices.
                                                                                                                               more employers with a
                                                                                                                                view to enforcing or
                                                                                                                               resisting demands or
                                                                                                                            expressing grievances, or
                                                                                                                                  supporting other
                                                                                                                                 employers in their
                                                                                                                              demands or grievances.




                                                                                                                              Number of employees
                                                                                                                               with national level or
                                                                                                                                   interconfederal         (Number of
                                                                                                                              agreement. All NACE         employee with          Developments in the coverage of collective
                                                                                                                                                                             bargaining around the world are more contrasted.
Share of employees                                     No, but               Structure of                                         branches except        national level or
                                                                                                                                                                             In many countries collective bargaining is low and
covered by collective wage       5           10        similar      2         earnings      Eurostat   2006        24       agriculture, fishing, public interconfederal
                                                                                                                                                                               decreasing due to a variety of factors, including
bargaining                                              data                    survey                                        administration, private agreement/Numb          the increase in the number of workers in smaller
                                                                                                                              households and extra-            er of             firms or under atypical forms of contracts.
                                                                                                                            territorial organizations in employee)*100
                                                                                                                             enterprises with at least
                                                                                                                                    10 employees




                                                                                            Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 11
            col. 1                col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b     col. 5    col. 6    col. 7     col. 8                col. 9                     col. 10                               col. 11

                                   QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                        Last
         Indicator                                                              Source   Database            Countries            Definition                   Formula                             Comments
                                dimension   dimension     y           y                             years




                                                                                                                                                              (Number of
                                                                                                                                                               persons in      Again, one might argue that this is a quantitative
                                                                                                                                                            ISCO88 1,2,3        measure rather than qualitative. No doubt many
                                                                                Labour
Share of employed persons                                                                                                Share of employed persons in        occupations         highly skilled people eg doctors have a poor
                                    6           no         yes         2         Force   Eurostat   2008        32
in high skilled occupations                                                                                               ISCO88 1,2,3 occupations.           /Number of       quality of employment eg long hours etc and vice
                                                                                Survey                                                                                         versa low skilled people may have high quality of
                                                                                                                                                               persons in
                                                                                                                                                             employment)              employment (Brian Pink comments).
                                                                                                                                                                  *100




                                                                                                                                                              (Number of         One of the most important indicator. Perhaps the
                                                                                                                            Life-long learning refers to   employees aged      period should be reduce to 4 weeks only. Not only
                                                                                                                          persons who stated that they     15-64 stating to       the amount of training is important but also the
                                                                                                                         received education or training     have received      relevance with the job. Lifelong learning should be
                                                                                                                           in the four weeks preceding                             split into training offered by firms and training
                                                                                Labour                                                                       education or
Share of employees who                                                                                                    the survey (numerator). The                           followed by persons. The last indicator opens the
                                    6           -          yes         3         Force   Eurostat   2008        32                                         training in the 4
received job training                                                                                                     information collected relates                           option to then refer to those 'job-related' in the
                                                                                Survey                                      to all education or training   weeks preceding      later case. The main question about this indicator
                                                                                                                         whether or not relevant to the       the survey/       is the definition: firms or persons? Self-employed
                                                                                                                              respondent's current or         Number of           can be a large group in certain countries (TF)-
                                                                                                                                possible future job.       employees aged       Relevant to quality of employment but difficulty in
                                                                                                                                                              15-64)*100         defining and measuring (Brian Pink comments).




                                                                                                                           Employed people with high           (Number of
                                                                                                                              level of education and            persons in
                                                                                                                               working in notskilled       employment with The definition in a national context needs to be
                                                                                                                           occupations. Overeducation      educational level    assessed although such indicators are very
Share of employed who                                                                                                     indicates mismatch between         Isced 5-6 and   relevant. The definition of the matrix of over and
                                                                                Labour                                    demand and supply of skilled                       under-qualified jobs with respect to educational
have more education than                                                                                                                                        working in
                                    6           -          yes         2         Force   Eurostat   2008        32        employment. Overeducation                           level has to be carefully determined. More than
is normally required in their                                                                                                reveals waste of human
                                                                                                                                                           occupations Isco one digit of the ISCED and ISCO classification
                                                                                Survey
occupation                                                                                                                   capital for the economic       4-9/ Number of have to be used. Use of the matrix ISCO/ISCED
                                                                                                                          system as a whole, whereas            persons in      is a very good idea to define over qualified
                                                                                                                         from an individual perspective    employment with                     persons (TF).
                                                                                                                         it would presumably turns into    educational level
                                                                                                                                job dissatisfaction         Isced 5-6)*100

Share of employed who                                                                                                                                                          It is very difficult to define under qualified persons,
                                                                                Labour
have less education than is                                                                                                                                  No operational       especially among the elderly. Job related skills
                                    6           -          yes         3         Force   Eurostat   2008        32         No operational definition
normally required in their                                                                                                                                     definition           are more relevant than diploma. The use of
                                                                                Survey                                                                                             subjective indicators could be a solution (TF).
occupation




                                                                                         Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 12
          col. 1           col. 2      col. 3      col. 4a   col. 4b       col. 5       col. 6     col. 7     col. 8             col. 9                col. 10                          col. 11

                            QE          DW     Availabilit Availabilit                              Last
        Indicator                                                         Source      Database              Countries         Definition              Formula                        Comments
                         dimension   dimension     y           y                                   years

                                                                         European
                                                   No, but
                                                                          Working      European                                                     No operational        Some indicators related to workplace
No indicators proposed      7a           -         similar      2                                  2005        27       No operational definition
                                                                         Conditions   Foundation                                                      definition       relationships with collegues and superiors
                                                    data
                                                                          Survey
                                                                         European
                                                   No, but
                                                                          Working      European                                                     No operational
No indicators proposed      7b           -         similar      2                                  2005        27       No operational definition                    Some indicators related to sodifscation on work
                                                                         Conditions   Foundation                                                      definition
                                                    data
                                                                          Survey




                                                                                      Annex 1: List of indicators pag. 13

								
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