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					     Parts of Speech: Sentence Building Blocks

Every subject has its own vocabulary and        Click a Button Below
   technical terms. English is no
   different.                                       to Get Started

In English, you write and speak words             What Are Parts of
    that can be categorized into what are            Speech?
    called “parts of speech.”

Words are named according to the way            Review Parts of Speech
  they are used in a sentence.

Can you quickly determine a word’s part                Practice
   of speech? These exercises will help
   you develop that skill.
                                                      Check It!




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                                                                         Slide 1
                           What Are Parts of Speech?
    The first step in understanding grammar, which will help you become a better proofreader and
    writer, is learning the parts of speech—the building blocks of sentences.

    Each word or group of words in a sentence has a function or job. One word conveys an action;
    another word tells who or what did the action. Other words are used to modify or describe other
    words. These functions are called parts of speech.

    All words or groups of words fall into eight groups or classes of words. These groups are verbs,
    nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections.



         Nouns         The following example shows the part of speech for each word in a sentence.
       Pronouns
     Prepositions       Jim hired Lisa for the legal secretary position, and she will start
         Verbs              soon.
     Conjunctions       Noun, verb, noun, preposition, adjectives, noun, conjunction, pronoun, verb, adverb.

        Adverbs
      Adjectives                Lisa told her friend, “Wow! I got the job in the law firm!”
     Interjections              Noun, verb, pronoun, noun, “Interjection ! Pronoun, verb, adjective noun, prep, adjectives, noun




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                                                                                                                                   Slide 2
                       What Are Parts of Speech?

    A word changes its part of speech depending on how it is used in
    a sentence.

          For example, the word play can be use as noun, verb, and adjective.

                 I went to the play. (play used as a noun)

                 I play the flute. (play used as a verb)

                 The play toy was a gift. (play used as an adjective)

    Can you think of ways you can use the word light as a noun, verb, or adjective? The
    word fly as a noun, verb, or adjective? The word walk as a noun or verb?



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                                                                               Slide 3
                 Review Parts of Speech

     Click a Button Below to Begin            What Are Parts of
                                                 Speech?


                    Nouns                       Conjunctions


                  Pronouns                        Adverbs



                Prepositions                      Adjectives



                    Verbs                        Interjections



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                                                                  Slide 4
           Nouns


    A noun is a word used to         Tom, Maria, desk,
    name a person, place,            attorney, trust, family,
    thing, or idea.                  crowd




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                                                           Slide 5
            Pronouns                              I, you, he, she, it, we, they

                                                  me, you, him, her, us, them
    A pronoun is a word used in place of a
    noun. It may stand for a person, place,
    thing, or idea.                               who, whom, which, that, what, whose
                                                  this, that, these, those

my, your, his, her, our, their
mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs
myself, yourself, himself, herself,           none, some, any, all
itself, ourselves, yourselves,
themselves                                    both, few, many, several
                                              one, each, either, neither

                                              anybody, anyone, everybody, everyone,
                                              nobody, no one, somebody, someone




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                                                                                  Slide 6
      Prepositions
    A preposition is a word used to show the relation of a noun or pronoun to some other
    word in the sentence. A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition and the
    object of the preposition, which will always be a noun or pronoun. A prepositional
    phrase will never be the subject of a sentence. The common prepositions are:


    about       among         besides         for        over            until
    above       around        between         from       past            unto
    across      at            beyond          in         since
                                                                         up
    after                     but (except)    into       through
                before                                                   upon
    against                   concerning      like       throughout
                behind                                                   with
    along                     down            of         to
                below                                                    within
    amid                      during          off        toward
                beneath                                                  without
    among                     except          on         under
                beside
                                                         underneath



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                                                                            Slide 7
          Verbs

    Verbs can be classified into action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs.

    Action verbs show action. Some examples are play, dance, read, call, produce, advise, and
    protect. (Jim called Phillip.)

    Linking verbs describe a condition or state of being and are followed by nouns, pronouns, and
    adjectives. Some examples are is, are, was, were, feel, taste, seem, and appear. (Carol is a
    student. Mark seemed concerned.)

    Helping verbs are combined with action and linking verbs to indicate changes in tense or the
    time of the verb. If you do something in the past, you may use helping verbs such as have,
    had, did, was, were. If you do something in the future, you may use will or shall. (Carol is
    working on a project. Mark had telephoned to say he was not concerned.)




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                                                                                      Slide 8
             Practice Categorizing Words!

                          Click a Button Below to Begin

         Nouns, Pronouns and
                                                          Conjunctions
            Prepositions

                                                   Adverbs, Adjectives and
                Verbs
                                                        Interjections


                              Level 1 All Parts of Speech


                              Level 2 All Parts of Speech




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                                                                             Slide 9
                                                                            Nouns, Pronouns and
    Practice Categorizing Words!                                               Prepositions

    Drag each word to the correct part of speech heading. If you have chosen correctly, your word will disappear,
                        if not, try again. Try to make all words disappear within 2 minutes.

                          Nouns                      Pronouns                  Prepositions

    your            student         off             like            towel           us              into

    among           him             below           surprise        his             except          facility

    truth           man             some            desk            with            word            its

    mine            Around          attorney        we              she             by              On

    itself          I               monitor         who             Beneath         up              story


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                                                                                                  Slide 10
                                                                                      All Parts of Speech
    Practice Categorizing Words!                                                            Level 1
    Drag each word to the correct part of speech heading. If you have chosen correctly, your word will disappear,
                        if not, try again. Try to make all words disappear within 2 minutes.


Nouns         Pronouns     Prepositions         Verbs    Conjunctions       Adverbs        Adjectives           Interjections



        And              Story            To             Press           Although        To               the

        surprised many                    very           lawyer          plaintiff       the              different

        won              Jim              a              he              tried           people           to

        at               told             the            were            outcome         knew             case


                                               The lawyer tried the case and won.
                                       Many people were very surprised at the outcome.
                               Although Jim knew the plaintiff, he told a different story to the press.


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                                                                                                           Slide 11
                                                Check It!
    Drag each word to the correct part of speech heading. If you have chosen correctly, your word will disappear,
                        if not, try again. Try to make all words disappear within 5 minutes.



Nouns      Pronouns     Prepositions    Verbs      Conjunctions      Adverbs        Adjectives       Interjections




            The accuracy of written business communications contributes to the
            efficiency among business workers. Each day many errors go
            undetected; however, employers are responsible for any loss. Higher
            operating costs are a result of all careless errors. Many employers
            now feel accuracy is the most important guide for evaluating work.
            Speed of work is ranked second. Proofreading helps avoid costly
            mistakes.

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                                                                                                  Slide 12