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Introduction to Volcanoes

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					Intro to Volcanoes

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Volcanic Eruptions

Contrary to Hollywood movie
  magic where all volcanoes
  spew large amounts of lava,
  there are two types of volcanic
  eruptions.
• Non-explosive eruptions
• Explosive eruptions
Eruptions
• Non-explosive
  • Lava flows: a river of red-hot lava. They
    are relatively calm and release large
    amounts of molten rock which aid in
    forming huge mountains.
• Explosive
  • Pyroclastics: Clouds of hot debris and
    gas shoot from the volcano. Particles
    range from dusts to huge boulders.
    Often violently explosive and sometimes
    reduces the size of the volcano.
Magma vs. Lava

• What’s the difference?
  • Magma is the molten rock inside the
    Earth.
  • Lava is magma that has reached the
    surface of the Earth, often coming in
    contact with air (or water).
  • Pyroclastic material is magma and rock
    fragments (pieces) that are blasted into
    the air by violent eruptions.
More on Magma
• The type of eruption is often due to the
  type of magma building up in the magma
  chamber. There are two key ingredients to
  determining the type of explosion:
  • Water
     • More water usually leads to a greater explosion.
       The water often turns to steam and acts similar to
       shaking up a soda can.
  • Silica
     • More silica also leads to a greater explosion.
       Silica is like rock version of glue. It is very sticky
       and hardens quickly, often trapping gas inside.
Volcano Brochure

• Brochure project requirement:
 1. Title of Volcano, student name
 2. Location, Distance from San
    Diego/CA
 3. Type of Volcano/pictures
 4. Interesting facts about volcano
    location
 5. Safe to visit? Likelihood of an
    explosion?
Some sample choices…
•   Mount Kilauea – Hawaii
•   Mount St. Helens – Washington
•   Mauna Loa – Hawaii
•   Mount Pinatubo – Philippines
•   Montserrat – Caribbean
•   Three Sisters (South Sister) – Oregon
•   Mount Fuji – Japan
•   Mount Shasta – California
•   Lassen Peak – California
•   Crater Lake – Oregon
•   Mount Baker – Washington
•   Mount Rainier – Washington
•   Mount Hood – Oregon
•   Three Sisters (North Sister) – Oregon

				
Dr. Slord Suniverse Dr. Slord Suniverse Research Director http://www.redshoesconsulting.com/
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