Global Type III Environmental Product Declarations Network
BASED ON ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATIONS, EPD
DO THEY MEET MARKET AND CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS?
Type III environmental declarations or environmental product declarations, EPD, according to ISO 14025 are generally
considered to deliver scientifically-sound, neutral and credible information about the environmental performance of goods and
services. As they are based on life cycle assessments following ISO 14040 and 14044, they cover all relevant stages in a
products life cycle.
Typically, EPD information is normally reported in a format including pre-determined compulsory information for all relevant
environmental impact categories, regardless of the intended use of the information by different audiences. This type of
communication of an often very complex nature has unfortunately led to a relatively low market penetration of EPD information.
The international EPD®system did at an early stage identify this problem and, as a response, introduced the concept of “single-
issue EPDs”, as a digest of an entire EPD with the ambition to adjust the information into a simpler format in order to better
meet to various market and customer requirements.
One area where there is a constantly growing demand for information is climate change. The international EPD®system has
therefore issued so-called “climate declarations” as the first example of single-issue EPDs. A climate declaration “describes the
emissions of green-house gases, expressed as CO2-equivalents for a product's life cycle. It is based on verified results from life
cycle assessment (LCA) – based information in accordance with ISO 14025”. A selection of some existing climate declarations,
with an attempt to present them in a fairly similar manner, is given below:
Coated Folding Boxboard from Djupafors Cascades
Electricity form Wind Power from Vattenfall
Electricity from Hydropower from Vattenfall
Electricity from Nuclear Power from Vattenfall
Bottled milk from Granarolo
Bottled mineral water from Cerelia
The climate declarations and information about the entire EPDs can be accessed by clicking ….
The issue of single-issue declarations was shortly discussed during the last ISO/TC 207/SC 3 meeting in Beijing in late June
2007 and was found to be an interesting concept of communicationg EPD information. At the same ISO/TC 207 meeting
proposals were raised to start developing new standards for environmental communication related to climate change. Currently,
other initiatives have been taken by a number of organisations for developing systems and tools related to environmental impact
caused by emissions of CO2 – two of them being “carbon foot-printing” and “carbon-neutral product labelling”.
The international network for EPDs – the Global Type III Environmental Product Declarations Network (GEDnet) – a non-for-
profit organisation with members from many countries around the world, is a liaison partner to ISO/TC 207/SC 3. One of the
main objectives of GEDnet is to improve and promote the use of EPDs based on ISO 14025 as well as to provide the basis for
credible and meaningful product information. At the last GEDnet meeting held in conjunction to the above mentioned ISO TC
207-meeting, GEDnet noted the ongoing discussions on possible new standards for communicating climate issues and decided
to take an initiative to inform interested parties and stakeholders about the possibilities to make use of the existing standard ISO
14025 and its still untapped potential to suit many of the market and customer requirements on climate change information –
one example being climate declarations as issued within the framework of the international EPD®system.
Objectives with the questionnaire
The main objective with the attached questionnaire is to get feed-back on the suggested concept of climate declarations and
collect information on improvements and modification to better adjust and further develop climate declarations to better suit
various information needs as they appear to different audiences.
The questionnaire is divided into three parts – a first part to receive responses on the attached examples on climate decla-
rations, the second part to receive suggestions for improvements and a third part for stakeholder identification.
Part 1 – Questions related to attached climate declarations
Please answer and, where appropriate, give your comments on the following questions as your response to the attached
examples of climate declarations.
1. Do you think a climate declaration should be displayed If yes, please explain:
in another way, e.g. with regard to the heading, the
introductory explanatory text or a link to the full EPD?
2. Do you find the information too excessive? If yes, please explain:
3. Do you find the information too limited? If yes, please explain:
4. Is there any information you think is lacking? If yes, please explain:
5. Do you think it is important to give a short description of If yes, please explain:
the LCA calculations and other related information such
as the type of input data used, system boundaries, cut-
off rules etc?
6. Do you think it is important to separate the CO2- If yes, please explain:
equivalents into the various life cycle stages?
7. Do you think it is important to add information about the If yes, please explain:
total emissions of the various green-house gases?
8. Do you think it is important to add other environmental If yes, please explain:
information, such as supply chain management, social
9. Do you think climate declarations have a potential to If yes, please explain:
serve as a basis for different types of “climate labelling”?
Part 2 – Improvement needs
Please give your comments on any type of improvements you think is necessary to further strengthen to potential of climate
declarations to carry information about climate change and related matters.
Part 3 – Stakeholder identification
The following questions, describing your stakeholder type, will help in the interpretation of the answers.
Other Please specify:
Thank you very much for your valuable input. All comments received will be treated in a confidential manner.
The results of this survey will be presented on the GEDnet webpage.
Please send the filled-out form to firstname.lastname@example.org
or by telefax to Lars Jonsson, +46 8 555 521 76
by February 29, 2008