Skin Care by lindayy

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									Skin Care
What is a pressure sore?

A pressure sore is any redness or break in the skin caused by too much pressure on
your skin for a prolonged period of time. The pressure prevents blood from getting to
your skin so the skin dies. The first sign of a pressure sore is usually a red or pink mark
on the skin.
Other types of pressure and forces that cause skin breakdown are:

Impact pressure – when great pressure occurs for a short time such as when you fall or
the rocking or bouncing movement of a car.

Friction – when two surfaces move against and across each other. For example, if a
spasm causes your heel to move against the bottom sheet when lying in bed.

Shearing – when gravity and friction occur together and the underlying tissues are
stretched and pulled in the opposite direction to the skin.

How can I minimise the risk of developing a skin problem?

   •   Check your skin regularly – at least twice a day
   •   Keep your skin dry and clean – especially after showers, swimming and as soon
       as possible if any bowel or bladder accidents occur.
   •   Maintain a good posture. Sitting with your bottom back as far as it will go on the
       seat, with your spine reasonably straight, allows the pressure to be more evenly
       distributed.
   •   Relieve pressure as often as you can.
   •   Take care not to damage your skin when moving around or transferring.
   •   Check your clothing doesn’t create pressure by tightness, wrinkles, heavy
       seams, studs etc.
   •   Ensure shoes fit by having adequate toe depth and ample width and length.
   •   Be aware of heat sources that can come into contact with your desensitized skin.

								
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